Latin rock

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Not to be confused with Rock en español. Latin rock_sentence_0

Latin rock_table_infobox_0

Latin rockLatin rock_header_cell_0_0_0
Stylistic originsLatin rock_header_cell_0_1_0 Latin rock_cell_0_1_1
Cultural originsLatin rock_header_cell_0_2_0 Late 1950s, United StatesLatin rock_cell_0_2_1
Derivative formsLatin rock_header_cell_0_3_0 Latin alternativeLatin rock_cell_0_3_1
Other topicsLatin rock_header_cell_0_4_0

Latin rock is a term to describe a music subgenre consisting in melting traditional sounds and elements of Latin American and Caribbean folk with rock music. Latin rock_sentence_1

However, it is widely used in the English-language media to refer any kind of rock music featuring Spanish or Portuguese vocals. Latin rock_sentence_2

This fact led to controversy about the scope of the terminology. Latin rock_sentence_3

Latin rock should not be confused with "rock music from Latin America" or rock en español. Latin rock_sentence_4

It's also closely related to the Latin alternative scene (which combines Latin elements with alternative rock, pop, electronic music, indie or hip hop among others) a term often used to refer the same phenomenon. Latin rock_sentence_5

History Latin rock_section_0

Origins (1950s–1960s) Latin rock_section_1

Rock and roll music of the 1950s originated from a variety of sources including rhythm and blues, blues, gospel, country and western, bluegrass, western swing, and Tin Pan Alley pop music. Latin rock_sentence_6

Also, there was some influence of the traditional Latin music on it. Latin rock_sentence_7

Caribbean rhythms like calypso were used in surf music; and there were some rock and roll songs based on cha-cha-chá or mambo. Latin rock_sentence_8

Latin rock (term not yet created) was born in the United States during the late 1950s. Latin rock_sentence_9

In 1958 an adaptation of a Mexican folk song called "La bamba" by the Chicano rock artist Ritchie Valens. Latin rock_sentence_10

That same year, instrumental rock band The Champs released "Tequila", that incorporates clear Latin sounds and was composed by the band's chicano saxophonist Danny Flores). Latin rock_sentence_11

During the 1960s, there were more examples of rock artists like Thee Midniters, Question Mark & the Mysterians, Sam the Sham and the Pharaohs or Sir Douglas Quintet that included Latin rhythms on their compositions. Latin rock_sentence_12

Also Chicano rock became popular in California; although not all of them could be considered as early Latin rock artists since many of them lacked the Latin folk influences. Latin rock_sentence_13

On the other hand, at some Latin American countries, Latin rock started to develop on Peru, Colombia or Argentina, but specially Brazil where Tropicália appeared at mid-1960s with the first releases of Os Mutantes, Gal Costa and Caetano Veloso from 1967 to 1970, a music movement that melt rock music with bossa nova, psychedelia and other Latin elements which has been regarded as the main root of the genre. Latin rock_sentence_14

"Latin rock" term born (1970s) Latin rock_section_2

In 1969, after the release of the debut album by Santana, Latin rock appeared in the US and other parts of the world. Latin rock_sentence_15

They treated to describe the band's music style as a fusion of Latin American and Caribbean rhythms, soul, jazz, funk, blues, psychedelia and rhythm and blues based on rock music. Latin rock_sentence_16

Following Santana, other American bands appeared like Malo, Ocho, Mandrill, El Chicano, Eddie Palmieri's Harlem River Drive, War, Sapo and Azteca at early 1970s popularizing the genre in the USA and the rest of the world since 1970-71. Latin rock_sentence_17

Latin American counterpart Latin rock bands appeared as it could be seen in Peru with bands like Telegraph Avenue, Traffic Sound, The Mad's, El Polen and specially Black Sugar melting rock with jazz music, Peruvian folk, progressive rock and Latin elements; in Colombia highlighted Siglo Cero, Génesis and La Columna de Fuego; in Argentina Arco Iris; and in Chile, Los Jaivas. Latin rock_sentence_18

The genre arrived also in Europe, with the Spaniards Barrabás, Dutch Massada and African-British Osibisa. Latin rock_sentence_19

Meanwhile, reggae music achieved a great success around the world. Latin rock_sentence_20

This rhythm originated in Jamaica during the 1960s, evolving from ska, rocksteady and bluebeat. Latin rock_sentence_21

Since its origins along with rock music and rhythm and blues with Jamaican folk rhythms, the Caribbean and Continental Latin America elements influenced the scene. Latin rock_sentence_22

Nevertheless, Reggae or Ska have never considered as part of the Latin Rock. Latin rock_sentence_23

On the other hand, disco also influenced Latin rock during the 1970s. Latin rock_sentence_24

Latin rock evolution (1980–present) Latin rock_section_3

After punk eclosion at late 1970s, the genre also was influenced by many other music styles. Latin rock_sentence_25

Some British punk and new wave acts like The Clash included elements that could be considered as "latin" in "Sandinista!" Latin rock_sentence_26

(1980). Latin rock_sentence_27

Other bands such as Bow Wow Wow, Gang of Four, The Slits or Special AKA did so. Latin rock_sentence_28

In Spain, Los Coyotes, Los Mestizos and Radio Futura, that had been emerged as new wave and post-punk acts, finally got influenced by Latin music at mid 1980s. Latin rock_sentence_29

Spain would go on producing some Latin acts like Macaco, Amparanoia or Jarabe de Palo. Latin rock_sentence_30

In France, bands like Les Negresses Vertes played a fusion of rock with World music including Latin elements. Latin rock_sentence_31

But Manu Chao was the major success of the Latin rock in France with the band Mano Negra (also as a solo artist) with a style that would be known later as Latin alternative. Latin rock_sentence_32

A mix of rock, with Latin elements, Arabic music, punk, rap, flamenco, ska and reggae. Latin rock_sentence_33

In the US during this period bands like David Byrne (ex-leader of Talking Heads), Peter Gabriel, Paul Simon, Willy Deville, Los Lobos, El Vez, Red Hot Chili Peppers, and Rage Against the Machine appeared, developing some of these "mixing" sounds (specially in Latin folk sounds) Latin rock_sentence_34

The genre consolidated during the 1990s in Latin America. Latin rock_sentence_35

Many bands appeared such as Rio Roma (Mexico), Maná (Mexico), Caifanes (Mexico), Café Tacuba (Mexico), Aterciopelados (Colombia), Paralamas do Sucesso (Brazil), Bersuit Vergarabat (Argentina), Karamelo Santo (Argentina), Maldita Vecindad (Mexico), Carmina Burana (Argentina), Los Fabulosos Cadillacs (Argentina), Soda Stereo (Argentina), Los Amigos Invisibles (Venezuela), Los Tres (Chile), Octavia (Bolivia), Karnak (Brazil), Chancho en Piedra (Chile), Julieta Venegas (Mexico), Arena Hash (Peru) and Los Rabanes (Panama), that incorporated Latin folk rhythms on their compositions (especially Caifanes and Los Fabulosos Cadillacs). Latin rock_sentence_36

Ecuadorian rock incorporated recently indigenous musical influences. Latin rock_sentence_37

Controversy about the term Latin rock_section_4

During the late 1990s, the rising population of "Latinos" in the US(term popularized since the 1960s due to the wrong and confusing use of "Spanish" term and the unpopular term "Hispanic") led the music industry to create the Latin Academy of Recording Arts & Sciences as a sub-department of National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. Latin rock_sentence_38

Also, in 2000 the Latin Grammy Awards were created. Latin rock_sentence_39

Thus, a great part of the English media started to refer any kind of music featuring vocals in Spanish as "Latin music". Latin rock_sentence_40

This term achieved a great success in some Latin American countries, where some of their regional press started to use the new terminology. Latin rock_sentence_41

This phenomenon spread the use of the "latin rock" term with a completely different meaning of the original one. Latin rock_sentence_42

This led to controversy and confusion among many in the population. Latin rock_sentence_43

See also Latin rock_section_5

Latin rock_unordered_list_0

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: rock.