Lawton, Oklahoma

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Lawton, Oklahoma_table_infobox_0

Lawton, OklahomaLawton, Oklahoma_header_cell_0_0_0
StateLawton, Oklahoma_header_cell_0_1_0 OklahomaLawton, Oklahoma_cell_0_1_1
CountyLawton, Oklahoma_header_cell_0_2_0 ComancheLawton, Oklahoma_cell_0_2_1
FoundedLawton, Oklahoma_header_cell_0_3_0 August 6, 1901Lawton, Oklahoma_cell_0_3_1
Named forLawton, Oklahoma_header_cell_0_4_0 Henry Ware LawtonLawton, Oklahoma_cell_0_4_1
GovernmentLawton, Oklahoma_header_cell_0_5_0
TypeLawton, Oklahoma_header_cell_0_6_0 Council–managerLawton, Oklahoma_cell_0_6_1
MayorLawton, Oklahoma_header_cell_0_7_0 Stan BookerLawton, Oklahoma_cell_0_7_1
City councilLawton, Oklahoma_header_cell_0_8_0 List of Council MembersLawton, Oklahoma_cell_0_8_1
City ManagerLawton, Oklahoma_header_cell_0_9_0 Michael CleghornLawton, Oklahoma_cell_0_9_1
AreaLawton, Oklahoma_header_cell_0_10_0
CityLawton, Oklahoma_header_cell_0_11_0 81.43 sq mi (210.91 km)Lawton, Oklahoma_cell_0_11_1
LandLawton, Oklahoma_header_cell_0_12_0 81.43 sq mi (210.91 km)Lawton, Oklahoma_cell_0_12_1
WaterLawton, Oklahoma_header_cell_0_13_0 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km)Lawton, Oklahoma_cell_0_13_1
ElevationLawton, Oklahoma_header_cell_0_14_0 1,112 ft (339 m)Lawton, Oklahoma_cell_0_14_1
Population (2010)Lawton, Oklahoma_header_cell_0_15_0
CityLawton, Oklahoma_header_cell_0_16_0 96,867Lawton, Oklahoma_cell_0_16_1
Estimate (2019)Lawton, Oklahoma_header_cell_0_17_0 93,025Lawton, Oklahoma_cell_0_17_1
RankLawton, Oklahoma_header_cell_0_18_0 US: 304thLawton, Oklahoma_cell_0_18_1
DensityLawton, Oklahoma_header_cell_0_19_0 1,142.38/sq mi (441.07/km)Lawton, Oklahoma_cell_0_19_1
UrbanLawton, Oklahoma_header_cell_0_20_0 94,457 (US: 312th)Lawton, Oklahoma_cell_0_20_1
MetroLawton, Oklahoma_header_cell_0_21_0 131,089 (US: 300th)Lawton, Oklahoma_cell_0_21_1
Time zoneLawton, Oklahoma_header_cell_0_22_0 UTC−6 (CST)Lawton, Oklahoma_cell_0_22_1
Summer (DST)Lawton, Oklahoma_header_cell_0_23_0 UTC−5 (CDT)Lawton, Oklahoma_cell_0_23_1
ZIP codesLawton, Oklahoma_header_cell_0_24_0 73501–73507Lawton, Oklahoma_cell_0_24_1
Area code(s)Lawton, Oklahoma_header_cell_0_25_0 580Lawton, Oklahoma_cell_0_25_1
FIPS codeLawton, Oklahoma_header_cell_0_26_0 40-41850Lawton, Oklahoma_cell_0_26_1
GNIS feature IDLawton, Oklahoma_header_cell_0_27_0 1094539Lawton, Oklahoma_cell_0_27_1
WebsiteLawton, Oklahoma_header_cell_0_28_0 Lawton, Oklahoma_cell_0_28_1

Lawton is a city in, and the county seat of, Comanche County, in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_0

Located in southwestern Oklahoma, approximately 87 mi (140 km) southwest of Oklahoma City, it is the principal city of the Lawton, Oklahoma, metropolitan statistical area. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_1

According to the 2010 census, Lawton's population was 96,867, making it the fifth-largest city in the state, and the largest in Western Oklahoma. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_2

Built on former reservation lands of Kiowa, Comanche, and Apache Indians, Lawton was founded on 6 August 1901, and was named after Major General Henry Ware Lawton, a Civil War Medal of Honor recipient killed in action in the Philippine–American War. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_3

Lawton's landscape is typical of the Great Plains, with flat topography and gently rolling hills, while the area north of the city is marked by the Wichita Mountains. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_4

The city's proximity to Fort Sill Military Reservation gave Lawton economic and population stability throughout the 20th century. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_5

Although Lawton's economy is still largely dependent on Fort Sill, it has also grown to encompass manufacturing, higher education, health care, and retail. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_6

The city's government is run by a council-manager government consisting of a city manager and a city council headed by a mayor. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_7

Interstate 44 and three major United States highways serve the city, while Lawton-Fort Sill Regional Airport connects Lawton by air. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_8

Recreation can be found at the city's many parks, lakes, museums, and festivals. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_9

Notable residents of the city include many musical and literary artists, as well as several professional athletes. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_10

History Lawton, Oklahoma_section_0

Main article: History of Lawton, Oklahoma Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_11

The land that is present-day Oklahoma was first settled by prehistoric American Indians including the Clovis, 11500 BCE, Folsom, 10600 BCE and Plainview, 10000 BCE cultures. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_12

Historic indigenous peoples who inhabited the region included the Wichita and Caddo peoples. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_13

In the 16th century, Spanish explorer Francisco Vásquez de Coronado visited in 1541, beginning European contact. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_14

Around the 1700s, two tribes from the north, the Comanches and Kiowas, migrated to the Oklahoma and Texas region. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_15

For most of the 18th century, the Oklahoma region was under nominal French control as Louisiana. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_16

The limited interaction between the peoples was based on fur trading. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_17

In 1803, the Louisiana Purchase by Thomas Jefferson brought the area under United States control. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_18

In 1830, Congress passed the Indian Removal Act, which removed American Indian tribes from the Southeast and relocated them to Indian Territory west of the Mississippi River. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_19

The southern part of this territory was originally assigned to the Choctaw and Chickasaw. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_20

In 1867, the United States used the Medicine Lodge Treaty to allot the southwest portion of the Choctaw and Chickasaw's lands to the Comanche, Kiowa, and Apache tribes. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_21

Fort Sill was established in 1869 after the American Civil War by Major General Philip Sheridan, who was leading a campaign in the Indian Territory to stop raids into Texas by American Indian tribes. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_22

In 1874, the Red River War broke out in the region when the Comanche, Kiowa, and Southern Cheyenne left their Indian Territory reservation. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_23

Attrition and skirmishes by the US Army finally forced the return of the tribes back to Indian Territory in June 1875. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_24

In 1891, the United States Congress appointed a commission to meet with the tribal leaders and come to an agreement allowing White settlement. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_25

Years of controversy and legal maneuvering ensued before President William McKinley issued a proclamation on 4 July 1901, that gave the federal government control over 2,000,000 acres (8,100 km) of surplus Indian land. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_26

Under other legislation, the United States through the Dawes Commission allotted communal lands as plots to individual households of tribal members, selling off what remained as "surplus". Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_27

These actions extinguished the tribal claims to communal lands, a condition needed for the admission of Oklahoma as a state in 1907. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_28

After these changes, the legislature of the new state began to organize counties. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_29

Three 320-acre sites in Kiowa, Caddo and Comanche Counties were selected for county seats, with Lawton designated as the Comanche County seat. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_30

The town was named for Major General Henry W. Lawton, a quartermaster at Fort Sill, who had taken part in the pursuit and capture of Geronimo. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_31

The city was opened to settlement through an auction of town lots beginning on 6 August 1901, which was completed 60 days later. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_32

By 25 September 1901, the Rock Island Railroad expanded to Lawton and was soon joined by the Frisco Line. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_33

The first city elections were held 24 October 1901. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_34

The United States' entry into World War I accelerated growth at Fort Sill and Lawton. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_35

The availability of 5 million US gallons (19,000 m) of water from Lake Lawtonka, just north of Fort Sill, was a catalyst for the War Department to establish a major cantonment named Camp Doniphan, which was active until 1922. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_36

Following World War II, Lawton enjoyed steady population growth, with the population increasing from 18,055 to 34,757 from 1940 to 1950. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_37

By the 1960s, it had reached 61,697. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_38

In the postwar period, Lawton underwent tremendous growth during the late 1940s and 1950s, leading city officials to seek additional water sources to supplement existing water from Lake Lawtonka. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_39

In the late 1950s, the city purchased large parcels of land along East Cache Creek in northern Comanche County for the construction of a man-made lake with a dam built in 1959 on the creek just north of U.S. 277 west of Elgin. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_40

Lake Ellsworth, named for a former Lawton mayor, soft-drink bottler C.R. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_41

Ellsworth, was dedicated in the early 1960s. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_42

It offered additional water resources, but also recreational opportunities and flood control along Cache Creek. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_43

In 1966, the Lawton City Council annexed several square miles of land on the city's east, northeast, west, and northwest borders, expanding east beyond the East Cache Creek area and west to 82nd Street. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_44

On 1 March 1964, the north section of the H. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_45 E. Bailey Turnpike was completed, connecting Lawton directly to Oklahoma City, the capital. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_46

The south section of the turnpike leading to the Texas border was completed on April 23, 1964. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_47

Urban-renewal efforts in the 1970s transformed downtown Lawton. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_48

A number of buildings dating to the city's founding were demolished to build an enclosed shopping mall. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_49

On 23 June 1998, the city expanded when Lawton annexed neighboring Fort Sill. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_50

With the advent of the Base Realignment and Closure of 2005 increasing the size of Fort Sill, Lawton is expected to see continued population and economic growth over the course of the next 20 years. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_51

Geography Lawton, Oklahoma_section_1

Lawton is the fifth-largest city in Oklahoma, located at (34.604444 N, 98.395833 W). Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_52

The city has a total area of 75.1 sq mi (195 km), all land. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_53

Lawton is located about 84 mi (135 km) southwest of Oklahoma City. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_54

Other surrounding cities include Wichita Falls about 47 mi (76 km) to the south, Duncan about 33 mi (53 km) to the east, and Altus about 56 mi (90 km) to the west. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_55

Lawton lies in an area typical of the Great Plains, with prairie, few trees, and flat topography with gently rolling hills. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_56

The region north of the city consists of the Wichita Mountains, including Mount Scott and Mount Pinchot, the area's highest peaks. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_57

The area consists mostly of Permian Post Oak Conglomerate limestone on the northern sections of the city. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_58

In the south sections of the city, Permian Garber sandstone is commonly found with some Hennessey Group shale. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_59

Area creeks including East Cache Creek contain deposits of Quaternary alluvium. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_60

To the northwest, the Wichita Mountains consist primarily of Wichita Granite Group from the Cambrian period. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_61

Climate Lawton, Oklahoma_section_2

Lawton lies in a dry subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa), with frequent variations in weather daily, except during the constantly hot and dry summer. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_62

Frequent strong winds, usually from the south or south-southeast during the summer, help to lessen the hotter weather. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_63

Northerly winds during the winter can occasionally intensify cold periods. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_64

The average mean temperature for southwest Oklahoma is 61.9°F (16.6°C). Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_65

The summers can be extremely hot; Lawton averages 21 days with temperatures 100°F (37.8°C) and above. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_66

The winters are typically mild, though periods of extreme cold can occur. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_67

Lawton averages eight days that fail to rise above freezing. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_68

The city receives about 31.6 inches (800 mm) of precipitation and less than 3 in (80 mm) of snow annually. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_69

Lawton is located squarely in the area known as Tornado Alley and is prone to severe weather from late April through early June. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_70

Most notably, an F4 tornado in 1957, and an F3 tornado in 1979 struck the southern region of the city. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_71

Demographics Lawton, Oklahoma_section_3

As of the census of 2010, 96,867 people, 34,901 households, and 22,508 families resided in the city. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_72

The population density was 1,195.4 people per square mile (461.5/km). Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_73

The 39,409 housing units averaged 486.3 per square mile (187.8/km). Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_74

The racial makeup of the city was 60.3% White, 21.4% African American, 4.7% Native American, 2.6% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 3.4% from other races, and 4.9% from two or more races. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_75

Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 12.6% (7.8% Mexican, 2.8% Puerto Rican, 0.3% Panamanian). Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_76

Of the 34,901 households, 36.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.8% were married couples living together, 15.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.5% were not families. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_77

Of all households, 29.4% were made up of individuals, and 2.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_78

The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.08. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_79

In the city, the population was distributed as 24.9% under the age of 18, 15.3% from 18 to 24, 30.2% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, and 9.4% who were 65 years of age or older. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_80

The median age was 29 years. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_81

For every 100 females, there were 108.1 males. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_82

For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 110.0 males. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_83

The median income for a household in the city was $41,566, and for a family was $50,507. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_84

Males had a median income of $36,440 versus $31,825 for females. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_85

The per capita income for the city was $20,655. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_86

About 16.6% of families and 19.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.5% of those under age 18 and 4.9% of those age 65 or over. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_87

Economy and workforce Lawton, Oklahoma_section_4

Lawton is primarily centered on government, manufacturing, and retail trade industries. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_88

The Lawton MSA ranks fourth in Oklahoma with a gross domestic product of $4.2 billion produced in 2008, with a majority ($2.1 billion) in the government sector. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_89

Fort Sill is the largest employer in Lawton, with over 5,000 full-time employees. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_90

In the private sector, the largest employer is Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company with 2,400 full-time employees. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_91

Some major employers in the Lawton area also include: Lawton Public Schools, Comanche County Memorial Hospital, Southwestern Hospital, City of Lawton, Cameron University, and Bar S Foods. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_92

Lawton includes two major industrial parks. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_93

One is located in the southwest region of town, while the second is located near the Lawton-Fort Sill Regional Airport. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_94

The Blue Canyon Wind Farm, consisting of four development phases generating about 423.45 megawatts of electrical power, is about 27 miles north-northwest of town. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_95

At present, the city of Lawton is undertaking the Downtown Revitalization Project. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_96

Its goal is to redesign the areas between Elmer Thomas Park at the north through Central Mall to the south to be more visually appealing and pedestrian friendly to encourage business growth in the area. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_97

Lawton had 35,374 employed civilians as of the 2010 Census, and of them, 49.1% were female. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_98

Of the civilian workers, 21,842 (61.7%) were private for-profit wage and salary workers. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_99

Of the for-profit wage and salary workers, 659 (1.9% of the total Lawton civilian workforce) were employees of their own corporations. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_100

The nonprofit sector had 2,571 (7.3%) private nonprofit wage and salary workers. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_101

The government sector included 4,713 (13.3%) federal workers, 2,545 (7.2%) state government workers, and 2,160 (6.1%) local government workers. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_102

In addition, the city had 1,634 (4.6%) self-employed workers and unpaid family workers. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_103

Arts and culture Lawton, Oklahoma_section_5

Events and festivals Lawton, Oklahoma_section_6

Lawton is home to many annual attractions, including the Prince of Peace Easter passion play held in the Holy City in the Wichita Mountains Wildlife Refuge each year on Palm Sunday, continuing to Easter Eve. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_104

It continues to be one of the longest-running Easter passion plays in the nation and was the basis for the 1949 movie The Prince of Peace. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_105

The passion play was also featured in a documentary called Jesus Town, USA, which focuses on a new actor portraying the role of Jesus after the former actor of 8 years retired from the role. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_106

In May, Lawton Arts for All, Inc hosts the Arts for All Festival. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_107

The festival accommodates several judged art competitions, as well as live entertainment. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_108

The festival is typically held at Shepler Park. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_109

In late September, The International Festival is held in the city. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_110

Founded in 1979, the event showcases the many different culture, arts, and music of the community. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_111

Museums Lawton, Oklahoma_section_7

Lawton has three public museums. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_112

The Museum of the Great Plains is dedicated to natural history and early settlement of the Great Plains. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_113

Outdoor exhibits include a replica of the Red River Trading Post, the original Blue Beaver schoolhouse, and Elgin Train Depot with a Frisco locomotive. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_114

The Fort Sill Museum, located on the military base of the same name, includes the old Fort Sill corral and several period buildings, including the old post guardhouse, chapel, and barracks, as well as several artillery pieces. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_115

The old fort is also designated as a National Historic Landmark. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_116

The Comanche National Museum and Cultural Center, operated by the Comanche Nation Tribe, focuses on exhibits and art relating to the Comanche culture past and present. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_117

The museum also hosts traveling American Indian exhibitions from the Smithsonian Institution, Michigan State University Museum, and Chicago's Field Museum. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_118

Sports Lawton, Oklahoma_section_8

Lawton is home to Cameron University, which is an NCAA Division II school in the Lone Star Conference. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_119

Noted for winning the NAIA Football National Championship in 1987, the school currently does not have a football program. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_120

However, Cameron remains competitive in 10 varsity sports, including men's and women's basketball, baseball, and softball. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_121

Lawton was the former home to the Lawton-Fort Sill Cavalry. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_122

The team moved in 2007 from Oklahoma City to Lawton, where they won two Continental Basketball Association championships and a Premier Basketball League championship. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_123

In 2011, the Cavalry ceased operations in their second year in the PBL. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_124

Parks and recreation Lawton, Oklahoma_section_9

Lawton is home to 80 parks and recreation areas in varying sizes, including the largest Elmer Thomas Park. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_125

Along with the park system, the city is near three major lakes, Lake Lawtonka, Lake Ellsworth, and Elmer Thomas Lake, where boating, swimming, camping, and fishing are permitted. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_126

The Lawton branch of YMCA offers a wide variety of recreational programs to members, and the Lawton Country Club maintains an 18 hole, par 71 golf course. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_127

Recreation can also be found in many amateur leagues, including adult softball, youth baseball, soccer, softball, and volleyball. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_128

Northwest of the city is the Wichita Mountains Wildlife Refuge, managed by the US Fish and Wildlife Service to preserve the natural fauna of southwest Oklahoma. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_129

The refuge includes a visitor center, several camping areas, hiking trails, and many lakes for the public to explore. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_130

Historic Structures Lawton, Oklahoma_section_10

Main article: National Register of Historic Places listings in Comanche County, Oklahoma Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_131

The National Register of Historic Places lists 15 places in Lawton, including (but not limited to) the Mattie Beal House, the Carnegie Library, the First Christian Church, the First Presbyterian Church of Lawton, the Mahoney-Clark House, the Meers Mining Camp, and the Methodist Episcopal Church, South. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_132

An additional 11 are listed in and around Fort Sill. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_133

Government Lawton, Oklahoma_section_11

See also: List of mayors of Lawton, Oklahoma Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_134

Lawton uses the council–manager model of municipal government. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_135

The city's primary authority resides in the city council, which approves ordinances, resolutions, and contracts. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_136

The city is divided into eight wards, with each ward electing a single city council representative for a three-year term. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_137

The mayor, who is elected every three years, presides and sets the agenda of the City Council, but is primarily ceremonial as a head of government. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_138

The administrative day-to-day operation of the city is headed by the City Manager, who is appointed by the City Council. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_139

As of May 2019, the mayor of Lawton was Stan Booker. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_140

As of January 2019, the city manager was Michael Cleghorn. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_141

Lawton is the county seat of Comanche County, and houses county offices and courts. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_142

Three elected commissioners serving four-year terms manage the county government. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_143

At the federal level, Lawton lies in Oklahoma's 4th congressional district, represented by Tom Cole. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_144

In the state senate, Lawton is in District 31 (Chris Kidd) and 32 (John Michael Montgomery). Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_145

In the House, District 62 (Daniel Pae), 63 (Trey Caldwell), and 64 (Rande Worthen) cover the city. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_146

Education Lawton, Oklahoma_section_12

Higher education Lawton, Oklahoma_section_13

Main article: Cameron University Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_147

Cameron University is the largest four-year, state-funded university in southwest Oklahoma, offering more than 50 degree programs in areas of business, education, liberal arts, and science and technology. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_148

Founded in 1909, Cameron has an average fall enrollment of 6,000 students, with 70 endowed faculty positions. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_149

Other colleges in Lawton include Comanche Nation College. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_150

Founded in 2004, the college provides lower-division programs and educational opportunities in higher education for the Comanche Nation and the public. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_151

Lawton is also served by the Great Plains Technology Center, which is part of the Oklahoma Department of Career and Technology Education system. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_152

Great Plains provides occupational education, training, and development opportunities to area residents. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_153

Primary and secondary schools Lawton, Oklahoma_section_14

Lawton Public Schools serve most of the city of Lawton. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_154

The district operates two prekindergarten centers, 24 elementary schools, four middle schools, and three high schools – Eisenhower, Lawton, and MacArthur. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_155

In 2008, Lawton Public Schools had an enrollment of about 16,000 students with about 1,000 teachers. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_156

Two independent districts, Bishop and Flower Mound, serve portions of Lawton. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_157

Bishop operates a single pre-K–6 elementary campus and Flower Mound has a pre-K–8 campus. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_158

Secondary students living in these districts attend Lawton Public Schools. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_159

A small portion of far-west Lawton is served by Cache Public Schools. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_160

Other schools in Lawton include St. Mary's Catholic School, which has both elementary and middle schools. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_161

St. Mary's has served the greater Lawton area and the Fort Sill community for over 100 years and offers accredited Catholic education for grades pre-K through eighth grade. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_162

Trinity Christian Academy, Lawton Academy of Arts & Science, and Lawton Christian School are three other private schools. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_163

Trinity Christian Academy offers classes from K–3 through the eighth grade. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_164

Lawton Academy of Arts and Sciences and Lawton Christian has the city's only two private independent high schools. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_165

Lawton Christian, founded in 1976, offers education from prekindergarten through the 12th grade, and has a student body of 426 students. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_166

Media Lawton, Oklahoma_section_15

See also: List of newspapers in Oklahoma, List of radio stations in Oklahoma, and List of television stations in Oklahoma Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_167

The Lawton Constitution, the only daily newspaper published in Lawton, has a circulation of 30,000. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_168

In addition, the Fort Sill newspaper, The Cannoneer, is published weekly primarily for military personnel; The Cameron Collegian has as its main audience Cameron University students. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_169

Additionally, Okie Magazine is a monthly magazine that focuses on news and entertainment in the Southwest Oklahoma area. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_170

Radio stations in Lawton include two AM stations – CBS Sports Radio affiliate KKRX (1380) and urban adult contemporary station KXCA (1050) – and 15 FM stations – including NPR member KCCU (89.3), country stations KFXI (92.1) and KLAW (101.3), rock music station KZCD (94.1), Hot AC station KMGZ (95.3), urban contemporary outlet KJMZ (97.9), and CHR station KVRW (107.3). Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_171

. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_172

With You in Mind Publications. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_173

is a free magazine distributed throughout Lawton and Duncan with stories, historical pieces, pictorials, and articles describing philanthropic individuals or organizations; an online version of magazine available through Amazon. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_174

Lawton is part of a bistate media market that also includes the nearby, larger city of Wichita Falls, Texas; the market, which encompasses six counties in southwestern Oklahoma and 10 counties in western North Texas, has 152,950 households with at least one television set, making it the 148th-largest in the nation as of the 2016–2017 season, according to Nielsen Media Research. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_175

KSWO-TV (channel 7), an ABC affiliate (which also carries affiliations with MeTV and Telemundo on digital subchannels), is the only broadcast television station in the market that is licensed to Lawton, and its local news programming maintains a primary focus on southwestern Oklahoma in its coverage. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_176

All other major stations in the area, including KFDX-TV (channel 3; NBC), KAUZ-TV (channel 6; CBS, which is a sister station to KSWO through a shared services agreement but maintains separate operations on the Texas side of the market), and KJTL (channel 18; Fox), are based in Wichita Falls. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_177

Infrastructure Lawton, Oklahoma_section_16

Transportation Lawton, Oklahoma_section_17

Lawton is primarily served by Interstate 44, designated as the H. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_178 E. Bailey Turnpike. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_179

It connects the city to Oklahoma City to the northeast and to Wichita Falls, Texas, to the south. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_180

The city is also connected by US Highway 62, which connects to the regional towns of Altus to the west and Anadarko to the north. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_181

Other major thoroughfares include US Highway 277 and 281, which parallels the H. E. Bailey Turnpike to Wichita Falls to the south and leads to regional towns of Anadarko and Chickasha, respectively, to the north, and OK-7, which connects Lawton to Duncan. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_182

Lawton Area Transit System (LATS) provides public transit for both Lawton and Fort Sill. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_183

Founded in 2002, LATS had a ridership of 427,088 in 2009, and provides five major routes throughout the city. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_184

By air, Lawton is served by the Lawton-Fort Sill Regional Airport (LAW, KLAW). Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_185

At present, it offers daily American Eagle flights to Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport, and is also used for military transport. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_186

Health care Lawton, Oklahoma_section_18

Lawton has three major hospitals in the area. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_187

The largest, Comanche County Memorial Hospital, is a 283-bed nonprofit hospital that employs 250 physicians. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_188

Southwestern Medical Center is a 199-bed hospital with a staff of 150 physicians. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_189

In addition, the U.S. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_190 Public Health Lawton Indian Hospital is located in the city to provide health services for the large American Indian population. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_191

It has 26 beds with a staff of 23 physicians. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_192

Notable people Lawton, Oklahoma_section_19

Musicians and authors Lawton, Oklahoma_section_20

Notable musicians from Lawton include country singers Bryan White, Kelly Willis, and Leon Russell, Sissy Brown, and Grammy nominated jazz trombonist Conrad Herwig. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_193

Notable authors include Pulitzer Prize-winning author N. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_194 Scott Momaday, poet Don Blanding, Hugo Award-winning science fiction writer C. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_195 J. Cherryh ,Christian fiction author Cheryl Wolverton, and CNN Anchor and actress Bella Shaw. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_196

The late SpongeBob SquarePants creator Stephen Hillenburg was also born in Lawton. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_197

Political leaders Lawton, Oklahoma_section_21

Among the prominent political leaders from Lawton are: US Senator Thomas Gore, US Representatives Scott Ferris, L. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_198 M. Gensman, Elmer Thomas, Speaker of the Oklahoma House of Representatives T.W. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_199 Shannon, Democratic State Senator Randy Bass and former US Ambassador to Czechoslovakia Julian Niemczyk (born on Fort Sill). Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_200

Oklahoma State Supreme Court Justice Fletcher Riley came to Lawton with his parents in 1901 and resided there until going to Oklahoma University in 1916. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_201

Frontier lawman Heck Thomas, who in 1896 captured the outlaw Bill Doolin, the founder of the Wild Bunch gang, spent his later years as the first elected police chief in Lawton. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_202

Gregory A. Miller, an attorney and a Republican member of the Louisiana House of Representatives from St. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_203 Charles Parish, was born at Fort Sill in 1962, where his father, Ralph R. Miller, was stationed. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_204

Ralph Miller was a state representative from St. Charles Parish from 1968 to 1980 and 1982 to 1992. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_205

Other notable residents Lawton, Oklahoma_section_22

Other notable Lawton residents include World War II Comanche code talker Charles Chibitty, Academy Award-winning actress Joan Crawford, WWII ace Robert S. Johnson, actor Paul Sparks, Jesse Dalton from Dalton Gang Outdoors, television personality and producer Paul Harrop, three-time NBA champion Stacey King, former NBA All-Star Michael Ray Richardson, Miss America 2007 Lauren Nelson, infamous University of Oklahoma quarterback Charles Thompson, NFL Pro Bowlers Will Shields and Jammal Brown, 2006 contender, champion boxer Grady Brewer, Buffalo Bisons manager and former MLB infielder Marty Brown, former MLB catcher Tom Jordan, and IFBB professional bodybuilder Vickie Gates. Lawton, Oklahoma_sentence_206

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page:, Oklahoma.