List of Grand Masters of the Knights Hospitaller

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This is a list of Grand Masters of the Knights Hospitaller, including its continuation as the Sovereign Military Order of Malta after 1798. List of Grand Masters of the Knights Hospitaller_sentence_0

It also includes unrecognized "anti-Grand Masters" and lieutenants or stewards during vacancies. List of Grand Masters of the Knights Hospitaller_sentence_1

The title "Grand Master" is applied retrospectively; the medieval heads of the order took the title of custos ("guardian") of the hospital. List of Grand Masters of the Knights Hospitaller_sentence_2

The title magister ("master") is used on coins minted in Rhodes, beginning with Foulques de Villaret. List of Grand Masters of the Knights Hospitaller_sentence_3

The first to use the title Grandis Magister ("Grand Master") was Jean de Lastic (r. 1437–1454); the title Grandis Magister is found on coins minted by Pierre d'Aubusson (r. 1476–1503). List of Grand Masters of the Knights Hospitaller_sentence_4

Later Grand Masters in Rhodes used Magnus Magister.After the loss of Rhodes, Philippe Villiers de L'Isle-Adam and his successors went back to using simple Magister, abbreviated M.H.H. List of Grand Masters of the Knights Hospitaller_sentence_5

for Magister Hospitalis Hierosolymae. List of Grand Masters of the Knights Hospitaller_sentence_6

Use of Magister Magnus is taken up again in the 17th century, under Antoine de Paule (r. 1623–1636). List of Grand Masters of the Knights Hospitaller_sentence_7

The title of Prince and Grand Master (Principe e Gran Maestro del Sovrano Militare Ordine di Malta) is in use from 1880, when Franz Joseph I of Austria granted the title of Prince of the Holy Roman Empire to the Grand Masters. List of Grand Masters of the Knights Hospitaller_sentence_8

The title has remained in use after the dissolution of the Austrian Empire in 1919. List of Grand Masters of the Knights Hospitaller_sentence_9

Numbered lists of Grand Masters of the Order, with portraits and attributed arms, are published from the early 17th century, with updated editions appearing throughout the 18th century. List of Grand Masters of the Knights Hospitaller_sentence_10

The numbering of Grand Masters in use by the Order by the early 18th century, published in the 1719 Statutes of the Order, lists the Blessed Gerard as founder without number, counting Raymond du Puy as first Master of the Hospital, Foulques de Villaret as 24th, Riccardo Caracciolo as 32nd, Philippe Villiers de L'Isle-Adam as 43rd and the then-incumbent Ramón Perellós y Rocafull as 63rd. List of Grand Masters of the Knights Hospitaller_sentence_11

Knights Hospitaller (Kingdom of Jerusalem) List of Grand Masters of the Knights Hospitaller_section_0

Knights of Rhodes List of Grand Masters of the Knights Hospitaller_section_1

Knights of Malta List of Grand Masters of the Knights Hospitaller_section_2

Further information: History of Malta under the Order of Saint John List of Grand Masters of the Knights Hospitaller_sentence_12

Sovereign Military Order of Malta List of Grand Masters of the Knights Hospitaller_section_3

List of Grand Masters of the Knights Hospitaller_table_infobox_0

Prince and Grand Master of the Sovereign Military Order of MaltaList of Grand Masters of the Knights Hospitaller_header_cell_0_0_0
IncumbentList of Grand Masters of the Knights Hospitaller_header_cell_0_1_0
DetailsList of Grand Masters of the Knights Hospitaller_header_cell_0_3_0
StyleList of Grand Masters of the Knights Hospitaller_header_cell_0_4_0 His Most Eminent HighnessList of Grand Masters of the Knights Hospitaller_cell_0_4_1
First monarchList of Grand Masters of the Knights Hospitaller_header_cell_0_5_0 Gerard Thom

Giovanni Battista Ceschi a Santa CroceList of Grand Masters of the Knights Hospitaller_cell_0_5_1

FormationList of Grand Masters of the Knights Hospitaller_header_cell_0_6_0 1099/1879List of Grand Masters of the Knights Hospitaller_cell_0_6_1

See also List of Grand Masters of the Knights Hospitaller_section_4

List of Grand Masters of the Knights Hospitaller_unordered_list_0


Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List of Grand Masters of the Knights Hospitaller.