Outline of computer science

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Computer science (also called computing science) is the study of the theoretical foundations of information and computation and their implementation and application in computer systems. Outline of computer science_sentence_0

One well known subject classification system for computer science is the ACM Computing Classification System devised by the Association for Computing Machinery. Outline of computer science_sentence_1

What is computer science? Outline of computer science_section_0

Computer science can be described as all of the following: Outline of computer science_sentence_2

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Subfields Outline of computer science_section_1

Mathematical foundations Outline of computer science_section_2

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Algorithms and data structures Outline of computer science_section_3

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  • Algorithms – Sequential and parallel computational procedures for solving a wide range of problems.Outline of computer science_item_2_9
  • Data structures – The organization and manipulation of data.Outline of computer science_item_2_10

Artificial intelligence Outline of computer science_section_4

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  • Artificial intelligence – The implementation and study of systems that exhibit an autonomous intelligence or behavior of their own.Outline of computer science_item_3_11
  • Automated reasoning – Solving engines, such as used in Prolog, which produce steps to a result given a query on a fact and rule database, and automated theorem provers that aim to prove mathematical theorems with some assistance from a programmer.Outline of computer science_item_3_12
  • Computer vision – Algorithms for identifying three-dimensional objects from a two-dimensional picture.Outline of computer science_item_3_13
  • Soft computing, the use of inexact solutions for otherwise extremely difficult problems:Outline of computer science_item_3_14
    • Machine learning - Automated creation of a set of rules and axioms based on input.Outline of computer science_item_3_15
    • Evolutionary computing - Biologically inspired algorithms.Outline of computer science_item_3_16
  • Natural language processing - Building systems and algorithms that analyze, understand, and generate natural (human) languages.Outline of computer science_item_3_17
  • Robotics – Algorithms for controlling the behaviour of robots.Outline of computer science_item_3_18

Communication and security Outline of computer science_section_5

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  • Networking – Algorithms and protocols for reliably communicating data across different shared or dedicated media, often including error correction.Outline of computer science_item_4_19
  • Computer security – Practical aspects of securing computer systems and computer networks.Outline of computer science_item_4_20
  • Cryptography – Applies results from complexity, probability, algebra and number theory to invent and break codes, and analyze the security of cryptographic protocols.Outline of computer science_item_4_21

Computer architecture Outline of computer science_section_6

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  • Computer architecture – The design, organization, optimization and verification of a computer system, mostly about CPUs and Memory subsystem (and the bus connecting them).Outline of computer science_item_5_22
  • Operating systems – Systems for managing computer programs and providing the basis of a usable system.Outline of computer science_item_5_23

Computer graphics Outline of computer science_section_7

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  • Computer graphics – Algorithms both for generating visual images synthetically, and for integrating or altering visual and spatial information sampled from the real world.Outline of computer science_item_6_24
  • Image processing – Determining information from an image through computation.Outline of computer science_item_6_25
  • Information visualization – Methods for representing and displaying abstract data to facilitate human interaction for exploration and understanding.Outline of computer science_item_6_26

Concurrent, parallel, and distributed systems Outline of computer science_section_8

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  • Parallel computing - The theory and practice of simultaneous computation; data safety in any multitasking or multithreaded environment.Outline of computer science_item_7_27
  • Concurrency (computer science) – Computing using multiple concurrent threads of execution, devising algorithms for solving problems on multiple processors to achieve maximal speed-up compared to sequential execution.Outline of computer science_item_7_28
  • Distributed computing – Computing using multiple computing devices over a network to accomplish a common objective or task and thereby reducing the latency involved in single processor contributions for any task.Outline of computer science_item_7_29

Databases Outline of computer science_section_9

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Programming languages and compilers Outline of computer science_section_10

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Scientific computing Outline of computer science_section_11

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Software engineering Outline of computer science_section_12

Outline of software engineering Outline of computer science_sentence_5

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  • Formal methods – Mathematical approaches for describing and reasoning about software design.Outline of computer science_item_11_45
  • Software engineering – The principles and practice of designing, developing, and testing programs, as well as proper engineering practices.Outline of computer science_item_11_46
  • Algorithm design – Using ideas from algorithm theory to creatively design solutions to real tasks.Outline of computer science_item_11_47
  • Computer programming – The practice of using a programming language to implement algorithms.Outline of computer science_item_11_48
  • Human–computer interaction – The study and design of computer interfaces that people use.Outline of computer science_item_11_49
  • Reverse engineering – The application of the scientific method to the understanding of arbitrary existing software.Outline of computer science_item_11_50

Theory of computation Outline of computer science_section_13

Main article: Theory of computation Outline of computer science_sentence_6

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History Outline of computer science_section_14

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Professions Outline of computer science_section_15

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Data and data structures Outline of computer science_section_16

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Programming paradigms Outline of computer science_section_17

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See also Outline of computer science_section_18

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Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Outline of computer science.