List of dialects of English

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Further information: List of countries by English-speaking population List of dialects of English_sentence_0

Dialects are linguistic varieties that may differ in pronunciation, vocabulary, spelling and grammar. List of dialects of English_sentence_1

For the classification of varieties of English only in terms of pronunciation, see regional accents of English. List of dialects of English_sentence_2

Overview List of dialects of English_section_0

Dialects can be defined as "sub-forms of languages which are, in general, mutually comprehensible." List of dialects of English_sentence_3

English speakers from different countries and regions use a variety of different accents (systems of pronunciation) as well as various localised words and grammatical constructions; many different dialects can be identified based on these factors. List of dialects of English_sentence_4

Dialects can be classified at broader or narrower levels: within a broad national or regional dialect, various more localised sub-dialects can be identified, and so on. List of dialects of English_sentence_5

The combination of differences in pronunciation and use of local words may make some English dialects almost unintelligible to speakers from other regions without any prior exposure. List of dialects of English_sentence_6

The major native dialects of English are often divided by linguists into three general categories: the British Isles dialects, those of North America, and those of Australasia. List of dialects of English_sentence_7

Dialects can be associated not only with place but also with particular social groups. List of dialects of English_sentence_8

Within a given English-speaking country, there is a form of the language considered to be Standard English: the Standard Englishes of different countries differ and can themselves be considered dialects. List of dialects of English_sentence_9

Standard English is often associated with the more educated layers of society as well as more formal registers. List of dialects of English_sentence_10

British and American English are the reference norms for English as spoken, written, and taught in the rest of the world, excluding countries in which English is spoken natively such as Australia, Canada, Ireland, and New Zealand. List of dialects of English_sentence_11

In many former British Empire countries in which English is not spoken natively, British English forms are closely followed, alongside numerous American English usages that have become widespread throughout the English-speaking world. List of dialects of English_sentence_12

Conversely, in many countries historically influenced by the United States in which English is not spoken natively, American English forms are closely followed. List of dialects of English_sentence_13

Many of these countries, while retaining strong British English or American English influences, have developed their own unique dialects, which include Indian English and Philippine English. List of dialects of English_sentence_14

Chief among other native English dialects are Canadian English and Australian English, which rank third and fourth in the number of native speakers. List of dialects of English_sentence_15

For the most part, Canadian English, while featuring numerous British forms, alongside indigenous Canadianisms, shares vocabulary, phonology and syntax with American English, which leads many to recognise North American English as an organic grouping of dialects. List of dialects of English_sentence_16

Australian English, likewise, shares many American and British English usages, alongside plentiful features unique to Australia and retains a significantly higher degree of distinctiveness from both larger varieties than does Canadian English. List of dialects of English_sentence_17

South African English, New Zealand English and Irish English are also distinctive and rank fifth, sixth, and seventh in the number of native speakers. List of dialects of English_sentence_18

Europe List of dialects of English_section_1

English language in Europe List of dialects of English_sentence_19

United Kingdom List of dialects of English_section_2

List of dialects of English_unordered_list_0

England List of dialects of English_section_3

English language in England: List of dialects of English_sentence_20

List of dialects of English_unordered_list_1

Scotland List of dialects of English_section_4

List of dialects of English_unordered_list_2

  • Scottish English comprising varieties based on the Standard English of England.List of dialects of English_item_2_39

Wales List of dialects of English_section_5

List of dialects of English_unordered_list_3

  • Welsh EnglishList of dialects of English_item_3_41
    • AbercrafList of dialects of English_item_3_42
    • AngleseyList of dialects of English_item_3_43
    • CardiffList of dialects of English_item_3_44
    • GowerList of dialects of English_item_3_45
    • GwyneddList of dialects of English_item_3_46
    • Port TalbotList of dialects of English_item_3_47
    • WrexhamList of dialects of English_item_3_48

Isle of Man List of dialects of English_section_6

List of dialects of English_unordered_list_4

Channel Islands List of dialects of English_section_7

List of dialects of English_unordered_list_5

Gibraltar List of dialects of English_section_8

List of dialects of English_unordered_list_6

Ireland List of dialects of English_section_9

List of dialects of English_unordered_list_7

  • Hiberno-English (Irish English)List of dialects of English_item_7_52
    • UlsterList of dialects of English_item_7_53
      • BelfastList of dialects of English_item_7_54
      • DerryList of dialects of English_item_7_55
      • South UlsterList of dialects of English_item_7_56
      • Ulster Scots dialectsList of dialects of English_item_7_57
      • West DonegalList of dialects of English_item_7_58
    • LeinsterList of dialects of English_item_7_59
      • DublinList of dialects of English_item_7_60
        • Dublin 4 (D4)List of dialects of English_item_7_61
        • Inner cityList of dialects of English_item_7_62
        • Suburban DublinList of dialects of English_item_7_63
      • DundalkList of dialects of English_item_7_64
      • Wexford townList of dialects of English_item_7_65
    • ConnachtList of dialects of English_item_7_66
      • Galway cityList of dialects of English_item_7_67
      • MayoList of dialects of English_item_7_68
      • Sligo townList of dialects of English_item_7_69
    • MunsterList of dialects of English_item_7_70
      • Cork cityList of dialects of English_item_7_71
      • WaterfordList of dialects of English_item_7_72
      • KerryList of dialects of English_item_7_73
      • TipperaryList of dialects of English_item_7_74
      • Limerick cityList of dialects of English_item_7_75

Extinct List of dialects of English_section_10

List of dialects of English_unordered_list_8

Continental Europe List of dialects of English_section_11

English language in Europe: List of dialects of English_sentence_21

List of dialects of English_unordered_list_9

The Netherlands List of dialects of English_section_12

List of dialects of English_unordered_list_10

North America List of dialects of English_section_13

North American English List of dialects of English_sentence_22

United States List of dialects of English_section_14

American English: List of dialects of English_sentence_23

List of dialects of English_unordered_list_11

Canada List of dialects of English_section_15

Canadian English: List of dialects of English_sentence_24

List of dialects of English_unordered_list_12

Caribbean, Central, and South America List of dialects of English_section_16

Caribbean List of dialects of English_section_17

List of dialects of English_unordered_list_13

The Bahamas List of dialects of English_section_18

List of dialects of English_unordered_list_14

Barbados List of dialects of English_section_19

List of dialects of English_unordered_list_15

Belize List of dialects of English_section_20

List of dialects of English_unordered_list_16

Bermuda List of dialects of English_section_21

List of dialects of English_unordered_list_17

Cayman Islands List of dialects of English_section_22

List of dialects of English_unordered_list_18

Falkland Islands List of dialects of English_section_23

List of dialects of English_unordered_list_19

Guyana List of dialects of English_section_24

List of dialects of English_unordered_list_20

Honduras List of dialects of English_section_25

List of dialects of English_unordered_list_21

Jamaica List of dialects of English_section_26

List of dialects of English_unordered_list_22

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines List of dialects of English_section_27

List of dialects of English_unordered_list_23

  • Vincentian EnglishList of dialects of English_item_23_149

Trinidad and Tobago List of dialects of English_section_28

List of dialects of English_unordered_list_24

Asia List of dialects of English_section_29

Bangladesh List of dialects of English_section_30

List of dialects of English_unordered_list_25

Brunei List of dialects of English_section_31

List of dialects of English_unordered_list_26

Burma List of dialects of English_section_32

List of dialects of English_unordered_list_27

Hong Kong List of dialects of English_section_33

List of dialects of English_unordered_list_28

India List of dialects of English_section_34

Indian English: List of dialects of English_sentence_25

List of dialects of English_unordered_list_29

Malaysia List of dialects of English_section_35

List of dialects of English_unordered_list_30

Middle East List of dialects of English_section_36

List of dialects of English_unordered_list_31

Nepal List of dialects of English_section_37

List of dialects of English_unordered_list_32

Pakistan List of dialects of English_section_38

List of dialects of English_unordered_list_33

Philippines List of dialects of English_section_39

List of dialects of English_unordered_list_34

Singapore List of dialects of English_section_40

List of dialects of English_unordered_list_35

Sri Lanka List of dialects of English_section_41

List of dialects of English_unordered_list_36

Africa List of dialects of English_section_42

Cameroon List of dialects of English_section_43

List of dialects of English_unordered_list_37

The Gambia List of dialects of English_section_44

List of dialects of English_unordered_list_38

Ghana List of dialects of English_section_45

List of dialects of English_unordered_list_39

Kenya List of dialects of English_section_46

List of dialects of English_unordered_list_40

Liberia List of dialects of English_section_47

List of dialects of English_unordered_list_41

Malawi List of dialects of English_section_48

List of dialects of English_unordered_list_42

Namibia List of dialects of English_section_49

List of dialects of English_unordered_list_43

  • NamlishList of dialects of English_item_43_191

Nigeria List of dialects of English_section_50

List of dialects of English_unordered_list_44

South Africa List of dialects of English_section_51

List of dialects of English_unordered_list_45

  • South African English (similar to Australian English,British English and Zimbabwean English)List of dialects of English_item_45_193
    • Black South African EnglishList of dialects of English_item_45_194
      • AcrolectList of dialects of English_item_45_195
      • MesolectList of dialects of English_item_45_196
    • Cape Flats EnglishList of dialects of English_item_45_197
    • Indian South African EnglishList of dialects of English_item_45_198
    • White South African EnglishList of dialects of English_item_45_199
      • Broad accentList of dialects of English_item_45_200
      • General accentList of dialects of English_item_45_201
      • Cultivated accentList of dialects of English_item_45_202

South Atlantic List of dialects of English_section_52

List of dialects of English_unordered_list_46

South Sudan List of dialects of English_section_53

List of dialects of English_unordered_list_47

Uganda List of dialects of English_section_54

List of dialects of English_unordered_list_48

Zimbabwe List of dialects of English_section_55

List of dialects of English_unordered_list_49

Oceania List of dialects of English_section_56

Australia List of dialects of English_section_57

Australian English (AusE, AusEng): List of dialects of English_sentence_26

List of dialects of English_unordered_list_50

Fiji List of dialects of English_section_58

Fiji English (FijEng, en-FJ) List of dialects of English_sentence_27

New Zealand List of dialects of English_section_59

New Zealand English (NZE, en-NZ) List of dialects of English_sentence_28

List of dialects of English_unordered_list_51

Other List of dialects of English_section_60

Antarctica List of dialects of English_section_61

List of dialects of English_unordered_list_52

  • Antarctic EnglishList of dialects of English_item_52_222

Tristan da Cunha List of dialects of English_section_62

List of dialects of English_unordered_list_53

  • Tristan da Cunha EnglishList of dialects of English_item_53_223

World Global English List of dialects of English_section_63

These dialects are used in everyday conversation almost all over the world, and are used as lingua francas and to determine grammar rules and guidelines. List of dialects of English_sentence_29

List of dialects of English_unordered_list_54

See also List of dialects of English_section_64

List of dialects of English_unordered_list_55


Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List of dialects of English.