Lompoc, California

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Lompoc, California_table_infobox_0

LompocLompoc, California_header_cell_0_0_0
CountryLompoc, California_header_cell_0_1_0 United StatesLompoc, California_cell_0_1_1
StateLompoc, California_header_cell_0_2_0 CaliforniaLompoc, California_cell_0_2_1
CountyLompoc, California_header_cell_0_3_0 Santa BarbaraLompoc, California_cell_0_3_1
IncorporatedLompoc, California_header_cell_0_4_0 August 13, 1888Lompoc, California_cell_0_4_1
Named forLompoc, California_header_cell_0_5_0 Purisimeño: Lompoʔ: "Stagnant Water /Lagoon"Lompoc, California_cell_0_5_1
GovernmentLompoc, California_header_cell_0_6_0
City councilLompoc, California_header_cell_0_7_0 Mayor Jenelle Osborne,
Gilda Cordova, 
Dirk Starbuck, 
Victor Vega, and 
James MosbyLompoc, California_cell_0_7_1
State senatorLompoc, California_header_cell_0_8_0 Monique Limón (D)Lompoc, California_cell_0_8_1
AssemblymemberLompoc, California_header_cell_0_9_0 Jordan Cunningham (R)Lompoc, California_cell_0_9_1
U.S. Rep.Lompoc, California_header_cell_0_10_0 Salud Carbajal (D)Lompoc, California_cell_0_10_1
AreaLompoc, California_header_cell_0_11_0
TotalLompoc, California_header_cell_0_12_0 11.70 sq mi (30.31 km)Lompoc, California_cell_0_12_1
LandLompoc, California_header_cell_0_13_0 11.62 sq mi (30.10 km)Lompoc, California_cell_0_13_1
WaterLompoc, California_header_cell_0_14_0 0.08 sq mi (0.20 km)  0.66%Lompoc, California_cell_0_14_1
ElevationLompoc, California_header_cell_0_15_0 105 ft (32 m)Lompoc, California_cell_0_15_1
Population (2010)Lompoc, California_header_cell_0_16_0
TotalLompoc, California_header_cell_0_17_0 42,434Lompoc, California_cell_0_17_1
Estimate (2019)Lompoc, California_header_cell_0_18_0 42,853Lompoc, California_cell_0_18_1
DensityLompoc, California_header_cell_0_19_0 3,686.91/sq mi (1,423.51/km)Lompoc, California_cell_0_19_1
Demonym(s)Lompoc, California_header_cell_0_20_0 LompocanLompoc, California_cell_0_20_1
Time zoneLompoc, California_header_cell_0_21_0 UTC-8 (PST)Lompoc, California_cell_0_21_1
Summer (DST)Lompoc, California_header_cell_0_22_0 UTC-7 (PDT)Lompoc, California_cell_0_22_1
ZIP codesLompoc, California_header_cell_0_23_0 93436–93438Lompoc, California_cell_0_23_1
Area codeLompoc, California_header_cell_0_24_0 805Lompoc, California_cell_0_24_1
FIPS codeLompoc, California_header_cell_0_25_0 Lompoc, California_cell_0_25_1
GNIS feature IDLompoc, California_header_cell_0_26_0 Lompoc, California_cell_0_26_1
WebsiteLompoc, California_header_cell_0_27_0 Lompoc, California_cell_0_27_1

Lompoc (/ˈlɒmpoʊk/, LOM-poke) (Purisimeño: Lompo', "Stagnant Water") is a city in Santa Barbara County, California. Lompoc, California_sentence_0

The city was incorporated on August 13, 1888. Lompoc, California_sentence_1

The population was 42,434 at the 2010 census, up from 41,103 at the 2000 census. Lompoc, California_sentence_2

Before European settlers arrived, the area around Lompoc was inhabited by the Chumash people. Lompoc, California_sentence_3

The name of the city is derived from a Purisimeño term, "Lum Poc", which means "stagnant waters" or "lagoon". Lompoc, California_sentence_4

In 1837, the Mexican government sold the area as the Rancho Lompoc land grant. Lompoc, California_sentence_5

After the United States gained control of California in the Mexican–American War (1846–48), the valley was acquired by Thomas Dibblee, Albert Dibblee and William Welles Hollister. Lompoc, California_sentence_6

Hollister sold his share to the Lompoc Valley Land Company, and it was on that portion of the land that the present-day Lompoc was established as a temperance colony. Lompoc, California_sentence_7

Lompoc was originally intended to be named New Vineland, after the temperance colony in New Jersey. Lompoc, California_sentence_8

It then became a military town with the completion of nearby Camp Cooke (now Vandenberg Air Force Base). Lompoc, California_sentence_9

The city is known as the flower seed capital of the world. Lompoc, California_sentence_10

History Lompoc, California_section_0

Prior to the Spanish conquest, the area around Lompoc was inhabited by the Chumash people. Lompoc, California_sentence_11

Original La Purisima Mission was established in 1787 near what is now the southern edge of the city. Lompoc, California_sentence_12

Purisimeño, a Chumashan language, was spoken in the region during the mission period. Lompoc, California_sentence_13

After an earthquake destroyed the mission in 1812, it was relocated to its present location 1 mile (1.6 km) northeast of the present city. Lompoc, California_sentence_14

After independence from the Spanish Empire, the First Mexican Empire was established in 1821. Lompoc, California_sentence_15

The Mexicans secularized the Spanish missions in 1833, and La Purisima Mission gradually fell into ruins. Lompoc, California_sentence_16

In 1893, a diatomaceous earth mine, formerly Johns Manville, World Mineral, Celite corporation, now Imerys Inc., opened in the southern hills in Miguelito Canyon. Lompoc, California_sentence_17

It became (and still is) the largest marine diatomite mine in the world, and at one time was the largest employer in the valley. Lompoc, California_sentence_18

While owned by Johns Manville, the mine employed upwards of 900 people at its peak, and built housing for its employees onsite and in town, the houses in town are adjacent to JM park, which was donated to the city by the mine. Lompoc, California_sentence_19

Another diatomaceous earth company, Grefco, operated here from the 1940s till 1998. Lompoc, California_sentence_20

The remnants of its mine at the northeast end of town were torn down in 2001. Lompoc, California_sentence_21

In 1909, the Sibyl Marston—at the time, the largest steam schooner built on the West Coast—sank nearby while carrying 1,100,000 board feet (2,600 m) of lumber. Lompoc, California_sentence_22

Many of the older Lompoc homes were built with lumber from the shipwreck. Lompoc, California_sentence_23

The wreckage can still be seen south of Surf Beach. Lompoc, California_sentence_24

The coastal branch of the Southern Pacific Railroad opened around 1900 and eventually replaced ship transportation. Lompoc, California_sentence_25

A paved road linked Lompoc to Buellton and the rest of California around 1920. Lompoc, California_sentence_26

In 1923, the Honda Point disaster, the U.S.'s largest peacetime naval accident, occurred just off the coast; nine U.S. destroyers ran aground, killing 23 people. Lompoc, California_sentence_27

During the Great Depression, La Purisima Mission was restored by the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC). Lompoc, California_sentence_28

During World War II, the coast west of Lompoc was the site of Camp Cooke, a United States Army training camp where large units could practice maneuvers. Lompoc, California_sentence_29

Lompoc grew slowly until 1958, when the United States Air Force announced that the former Camp Cooke would be a test site for the Thor family of intermediate-range ballistic missiles and the first operational base for the SM-65 Atlas, an intercontinental ballistic missile. Lompoc, California_sentence_30

The city then began to grow rapidly to provide housing for thousands of civilians and contractors employed at what was soon renamed Vandenberg Air Force Base. Lompoc, California_sentence_31

It was the first missile base of the United States Air Force. Lompoc, California_sentence_32

The Space Shuttle program was slated to begin launches in the late 1980s, and the city experienced a boom in restaurant and hotel construction in anticipation of tourists coming to see shuttle launches. Lompoc, California_sentence_33

However, when the Challenger exploded during take-off from Cape Canaveral in 1986, the West Coast shuttle program was terminated, sending Lompoc into a severe recession. Lompoc, California_sentence_34

Lompoc is called "The City of Arts and Flowers" and is also becoming known for locally grown wines. Lompoc, California_sentence_35

In 2010, Playboy named Jasper's, a local bar, one of the top 10 dive bars in the country. Lompoc, California_sentence_36

Geography Lompoc, California_section_1

Lompoc is located at (34.646182, -120.460316). Lompoc, California_sentence_37

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 11.7 square miles (30 km), 99.34% of it land and 0.66% of it water. Lompoc, California_sentence_38

Most of the city is in the valley of the Santa Ynez River, at an elevation of about 80–100 feet (25–30 meters); recent expansion has been to the north, on higher ground known as Vandenberg Village, with elevations of 150–300 feet (50–100 meters). Lompoc, California_sentence_39

Like most rivers in Southern California, the Santa Ynez River does not have a surface flow for most of the year. Lompoc, California_sentence_40

Underground flow in the sandy river bed recharges the aquifer beneath the city, from which nine wells (with a tenth one planned) supply the city with water. Lompoc, California_sentence_41

Unlike many other cities in Southern California, Lompoc is not connected to the State Water Project. Lompoc, California_sentence_42

Climate Lompoc, California_section_2

Lompoc has a cool Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csb), typical of coastal California. Lompoc, California_sentence_43

The city is mostly sunny, with an ocean breeze. Lompoc, California_sentence_44

Fog is common. Lompoc, California_sentence_45

Snow is virtually unknown. Lompoc, California_sentence_46

The highest recorded temperature was 110 °F or 43.3 °C in 1987, and the lowest recorded temperature was 15 °F or −9.4 °C in 2013. Lompoc, California_sentence_47

Demographics Lompoc, California_section_3

2010 Lompoc, California_section_4

In the 2010 United States Census, Lompoc had a population of 42,434. Lompoc, California_sentence_48

The population density was 3,634.7 people per square mile (1,403.4/km). Lompoc, California_sentence_49

The racial makeup was 25,950 (61.2%) White; 2,432 (5.7%) African American; 750 (1.8%) Native American; 1,615 (3.8%) Asian; 186 (0.4%) Pacific Islander; 9,020 (21.3%) from other races; and 2,481 (5.8%) from two or more races. Lompoc, California_sentence_50

There were 21,557 Hispanics or Latinos of any race (50.8%). Lompoc, California_sentence_51

The Census reported that 38,778 people (91.4% of the population) lived in households, 99 (0.2%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 3,557 (8.4%) were institutionalized. Lompoc, California_sentence_52

There were 13,355 households, of which 5,481 (41.0%) had children under the age of 18 living in them; 6,323 (47.3%) were opposite-sex married couples living together; 2,061 (15.4%) had a female householder with no husband present; and 913 (6.8%) had a male householder with no wife present. Lompoc, California_sentence_53

There were 949 (7.1%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships and 75 (0.6%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. Lompoc, California_sentence_54

3,304 households (24.7%) were made up of individuals, and 1,187 (8.9%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. Lompoc, California_sentence_55

The average household size was 2.9. Lompoc, California_sentence_56

There were 9,297 families (69.6% of all households); the average family size was 3.48. Lompoc, California_sentence_57

The population included 11,188 people (26.4%) under the age of 18, 4,452 people (10.5%) aged 18 to 24, 12,233 people (28.8%) aged 25 to 44, 10,338 people (24.4%) aged 45 to 64, and 4,223 people (10.0%) who were 65 or older. Lompoc, California_sentence_58

The median age was 33.9 years. Lompoc, California_sentence_59

For every 100 females, there were 114.9 males. Lompoc, California_sentence_60

For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 118.7 males. Lompoc, California_sentence_61

There were 14,416 housing units at an average density of 1,234.8 per square mile (476.8/km), of which 6,493 (48.6%) were owner-occupied and 6,862 (51.4%) were occupied by renters. Lompoc, California_sentence_62

The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.2%; the rental vacancy rate was 7.1%. Lompoc, California_sentence_63

18,534 people (43.7% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units, and 20,244 people (47.7%) lived in rental housing units. Lompoc, California_sentence_64

2000 Lompoc, California_section_5

As of the 2000 Census, there were 43,284 people, 13,059 households and 9,311 families residing in Lompoc. Lompoc, California_sentence_65

The population density was 3,532.2 people per square mile (1,363.4/km). Lompoc, California_sentence_66

There were 13,621 housing units at an average density of 1,170.5 per square mile (451.8/km). Lompoc, California_sentence_67

The racial makeup of the city was 65.81% White, 7.34% African American, 1.58% Native American, 3.90% Asian, 0.32% Pacific Islander, 15.68% from other races, and 5.35% from two or more races. Lompoc, California_sentence_68

Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 37.31% of the population. Lompoc, California_sentence_69

There were 13,059 households, of which 41.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.0% were married couples living together, 14.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.7% were non-families. Lompoc, California_sentence_70

23.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.3% had someone living alone who was 65 or older. Lompoc, California_sentence_71

The average household size was 2.88, and the average family size was 3.42. Lompoc, California_sentence_72

The population included 29.9% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 33.3% from 25 to 44, 18.5% from 45 to 64, and 9.4% who were 65 or older. Lompoc, California_sentence_73

The median age was 32. Lompoc, California_sentence_74

For every 100 females, there were 113.0 males. Lompoc, California_sentence_75

For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 116.4 males. Lompoc, California_sentence_76

The median income for a household in the city was $47,587, and the median income for a family was $62,199. Lompoc, California_sentence_77

Males had a median income of $35,074, versus $26,824 for females. Lompoc, California_sentence_78

The per capita income was $15,509. Lompoc, California_sentence_79

About 12.6% of families and 15.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.8% of those under 18 and 6.7% of those 65 or older. Lompoc, California_sentence_80

Public safety Lompoc, California_section_6

The Lompoc Police Department is the primary law enforcement agency for the city. Lompoc, California_sentence_81

The city is also served by the Lompoc Fire Department (LFD), which responds to more than 3,800 emergency and non-emergency calls per year. Lompoc, California_sentence_82

American Medical Response Santa Barbara County (AMR SBC) provides the primary emergency medical response and ambulance services. Lompoc, California_sentence_83

The LFD provides mutual aid to the Santa Barbara County Fire Department as well as providing primary fire protection and emergency medical response to the United States Penitentiary, Lompoc. Lompoc, California_sentence_84

The Federal Correctional Complex located between Lompoc and Vandenberg AFB includes the medium- and low-security Federal Correctional Institution, Lompoc, two minimum-security camps. Lompoc, California_sentence_85

Transportation Lompoc, California_section_7

State Route 1 is the major north-south artery through Lompoc. Lompoc, California_sentence_86

State Route 246 heads east to Buellton and the Santa Ynez Valley. Lompoc, California_sentence_87

The Surf train station is located to the west at Surf Beach and is served by Amtrak's Pacific Surfliner line. Lompoc, California_sentence_88

Thruway Motorcoach buses stop in town. Lompoc, California_sentence_89

Lompoc is also served by City of Lompoc Transit, the Clean Air Express to Santa Barbara/Goleta, and the Breeze Bus to Buellton/Solvang and Santa Maria. Lompoc, California_sentence_90

Education Lompoc, California_section_8

Schools Lompoc, California_section_9

Community colleges Lompoc, California_section_10

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High schools Lompoc, California_section_11

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  • Cabrillo High SchoolLompoc, California_item_1_1
  • Lompoc High SchoolLompoc, California_item_1_2
  • Maple High SchoolLompoc, California_item_1_3
  • Trivium Charter SchoolLompoc, California_item_1_4
  • Bob Forinash Community Day SchoolLompoc, California_item_1_5

Economy Lompoc, California_section_12

Vandenberg Air Force Base dominates the economy, directly employing a large percentage of Lompoc's residents and contributing $1.7 billion to the regional economy. Lompoc, California_sentence_91

Vandenberg Air Force Base employs the most residents of Lompoc. Lompoc, California_sentence_92

They employ 6,889 residents. Lompoc, California_sentence_93

Other mainstays of the economy include the Federal Correctional Institution, the diatomaceous earth mine (today owned by Imerys), the Lompoc Oil Field and associated oil processing facilities north of town, and agriculture (especially seed flowers and vegetables). Lompoc, California_sentence_94

Wine production and wine tourism make up an expanding agricultural sector. Lompoc, California_sentence_95

Lompoc Valley is the gateway to the Sta. Lompoc, California_sentence_96 Rita Hills AVA wine appellation, internationally recognized for premium pinot noir and chardonnay. Lompoc, California_sentence_97

Thirty premium boutique wine labels are produced in Lompoc. Lompoc, California_sentence_98

Numerous other wineries are located along State Route 246 and on Santa Rosa Road. Lompoc, California_sentence_99

Tasting rooms are located in various parts of Lompoc. Lompoc, California_sentence_100

Since the end of the Cold War, many workers employed in Santa Barbara and Goleta have moved to Lompoc to take advantage of lower housing costs, effectively making Lompoc a bedroom community of Santa Barbara. Lompoc, California_sentence_101

The character of the town has changed considerably with the growth associated with this demographic shift. Lompoc, California_sentence_102

In addition, new housing developments are spreading into the adjacent hills on the north side of town. Lompoc, California_sentence_103

Cannabis Lompoc, California_section_13

Further information: Cannabis in California Lompoc, California_sentence_104

Upon the legalization of the sale and distribution of cannabis in California, the city had seven recreational marijuana storefronts by February 2020 with nineteen cannabis business licenses having been issued by the city. Lompoc, California_sentence_105

One of the retail establishment is being licensed for on site consumption claiming to be the first between Los Angeles and San Francisco. Lompoc, California_sentence_106

A manufacturing facility has been established and a testing lab provides the required analysis for growers. Lompoc, California_sentence_107

Companies must be licensed by the local agency and the state to grow, test, or sell cannabis and the city may authorize none or only some of these activities. Lompoc, California_sentence_108

Cannabis dispensaries pay a 6% gross sales tax to the city. Lompoc, California_sentence_109

Local governments may not prohibit adults, who are in compliance with state laws, from growing, using, or transporting marijuana for personal use. Lompoc, California_sentence_110

Arts and culture Lompoc, California_section_14

The Lompoc Valley Flower Festival, held the last week of June, features a parade, carnival and craft show. Lompoc, California_sentence_111

In 2002, the Bodger Seed Company planted a "floral flag" as a tribute after the September 11 attacks. Lompoc, California_sentence_112

The "flag" was 740 feet by 390 feet, covered 6.65 acres (2.69 ha), and was estimated to contain more than 400,000 larkspur plants. Lompoc, California_sentence_113

The Lompoc arts scene features a number of musicians and bands, ranging from singer-songwriters to psychedelic blues-rock bands. Lompoc, California_sentence_114

At the center of this scene is Howlin’ Byroon's Music Exchange, a music store and frequent venue for Lompoc's musicians. Lompoc, California_sentence_115

The shop opened in May 2009 and offers guitar lessons, consigned musical instruments and live performances. Lompoc, California_sentence_116

Local artists Lompoc, California_section_15

One of Lompoc's most successful musical artists is the rock band Saint Anne's Place, which was formed in 2008 and originally featured Jacob Cole, Samuel Cole, JT Wild and Clive Hacker. Lompoc, California_sentence_117

Today, its members are the Coles and their cousin, Joel, a bassist. Lompoc, California_sentence_118

They grew up playing in their families' blues bands and released their first EP, Speak Easy, in 2011. Lompoc, California_sentence_119

The band's music has been described as a "blistering yet rustic mix of blues, psychedelia, and folk rock with the chops of players twice their senior". Lompoc, California_sentence_120

In 2011, they won the Santa Barbara Independent battle of the bands. Lompoc, California_sentence_121

They released their second EP, The Earth Shaker, in December 2012 to positive reviews by the local media. Lompoc, California_sentence_122

Emily Wryn is a Lompoc songwriter whose music has been featured on NPR’s Morning Becomes Eclectic. Lompoc, California_sentence_123

Her first EP, Head on Straight, was released in February 2012, and she played at the Indie Week festival in Ireland in April 2014. Lompoc, California_sentence_124

Wryn also collaborates with a local band, Saint Anne's Place, in a group called The Lights Electric. Lompoc, California_sentence_125

Another band, Millions, led by Randall Sena, plays along the Central Coast. Lompoc, California_sentence_126

Sena recorded and produced Wryn's Head on Straight and Saint Anne's Place's Speak Easy in his recording studio, Certain Sparks. Lompoc, California_sentence_127

Lompoc Theatre Lompoc, California_section_16

The Lompoc Theatre, which opened in 1927, was owned and operated by the Calvert family for many years. Lompoc, California_sentence_128

It encountered financial trouble in the 1970s because of competition from multiplexes and television. Lompoc, California_sentence_129

The last time a movie was shown on its screen was in 1987. Lompoc, California_sentence_130

In July 2003, a non-profit group, the Lompoc Housing and Community Development Corporation, announced plans to restore the theater. Lompoc, California_sentence_131

With the assistance of the city, the LHCDC was able to raise funds to buy the theater. Lompoc, California_sentence_132

By March 2008, the cost of renovating the building was estimated at just under $10 million. Lompoc, California_sentence_133

The LHCDC was unable to raise the money needed for renovations, and the building accumulated three liens. Lompoc, California_sentence_134

It was sold to a grassroots group called the Lompoc Theatre Project in 2016. Lompoc, California_sentence_135

As of January 2020, restoration and fund-raising is still ongoing. Lompoc, California_sentence_136

Lompoc Pops Orchestra Lompoc, California_section_17

The Lompoc Pops Orchestra has been performing for 20 years. Lompoc, California_sentence_137

Composed of approximately 45 semi-professional musicians, under the direction of Dr. Brian Asher Alhadeff, its four annual performances include musicals, Broadway hits, jazz pieces, big band, gospel and patriotic music. Lompoc, California_sentence_138

Notable people Lompoc, California_section_18

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Sister cities Lompoc, California_section_19

Lompoc has five sister cities: Lompoc, California_sentence_139

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Tourist attractions Lompoc, California_section_20

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See also Lompoc, California_section_21

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Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lompoc, California.