Los Estoraques Unique Natural Area

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Los Estoraques Unique Natural Area_table_infobox_0

Área Natural Única Los EstoraquesLos Estoraques Unique Natural Area_header_cell_0_0_0
Nearest cityLos Estoraques Unique Natural Area_header_cell_0_1_0 Ocaña, Norte de Santander, ColombiaLos Estoraques Unique Natural Area_cell_0_1_1
CoordinatesLos Estoraques Unique Natural Area_header_cell_0_2_0 Los Estoraques Unique Natural Area_cell_0_2_1
AreaLos Estoraques Unique Natural Area_header_cell_0_3_0 562 km (217 sq mi)Los Estoraques Unique Natural Area_cell_0_3_1
EstablishedLos Estoraques Unique Natural Area_header_cell_0_4_0 24 August 1988Los Estoraques Unique Natural Area_cell_0_4_1
Governing bodyLos Estoraques Unique Natural Area_header_cell_0_5_0 SINAPLos Estoraques Unique Natural Area_cell_0_5_1

The Los Estoraques Unique Natural Area (Spanish: Área Natural Única Los Estoraques) is one of the smaller national parks, covering only 6 km (2.3 sq mi), located in the Cordillera Oriental of Colombia in the Norte de Santander Department. Los Estoraques Unique Natural Area_sentence_0

The landscape is shaped by large brownstone pedestals and columns formed by thousands of years of erosion. Los Estoraques Unique Natural Area_sentence_1

The area is part of the Catatumbo River basin and elevation range from 1,450 to 1,900 meters above mean sea level. Los Estoraques Unique Natural Area_sentence_2

It was declared an Área Natural Única (Unique Natural Area) in 1998. Los Estoraques Unique Natural Area_sentence_3

Geography Los Estoraques Unique Natural Area_section_0

The climate is warm and predominantly dry. Los Estoraques Unique Natural Area_sentence_4

The average temperature is 22 °C and the average yearly rainfall is 870 mm, with a dry season from January to March. Los Estoraques Unique Natural Area_sentence_5

The evapotranspiration is twice that of precipitation, causing a water deficit. Los Estoraques Unique Natural Area_sentence_6

There are two types of plant life in the area, a dry forest with species such as Stachytarpheta mutabilis, Psidium guineense, Erythroxylum lucidum and Dodonaea viscosa and a sub-Andean forest covered in fog most time of the year with species such as Andean oak and horse-chestnut. Los Estoraques Unique Natural Area_sentence_7

The fauna of the region is rich in species, many of them endemic and represented only by small populations which indicates a fragile ecosystem. Los Estoraques Unique Natural Area_sentence_8

Birds are the most numerous group of vertebrates, with 58 species in 50 different genus and 22 families. Los Estoraques Unique Natural Area_sentence_9

Hunting, deforestation, the introduction of agriculture and domestic animals have limited the number of species and number of individuals per species. Los Estoraques Unique Natural Area_sentence_10

Mammals found in the area include the tapeti, jaguarundi, crab-eating fox, and common opossum. Los Estoraques Unique Natural Area_sentence_11

Fauna Los Estoraques Unique Natural Area_section_1

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Los Estoraques Unique Natural Area.