Lower house

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A lower house is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature, the other chamber being the upper house. Lower house_sentence_0

Despite its official position "below" the upper house, in many legislatures worldwide, the lower house has come to wield more power or otherwise exert significant political influence. Lower house_sentence_1

The lower house typically is the larger of the two chambers, i.e. its members are more numerous. Lower house_sentence_2

Common attributes Lower house_section_0

In comparison with the upper house, lower houses frequently display certain characteristics (though they vary per jurisdiction). Lower house_sentence_3

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  • In a parliamentary system, the lower house:Lower house_item_1_0
    • In the modern era, has much more power, usually based on restrictions against the upper house.Lower house_item_1_1
    • Is able to override the upper house in some ways.Lower house_item_1_2
    • Can vote a motion of no confidence against the government, as well as vote for or against any proposed candidate for head of government at the beginning of the parliamentary term.Lower house_item_1_3
    • Exceptions are Australia, where the Senate has considerable power approximate to that of the House of Representatives, and Italy, where the Senate has exactly the same powers as the Chamber of Deputies.Lower house_item_1_4
  • In a presidential system, the lower house:Lower house_item_1_5
    • Debatably somewhat less, the lower house also has exclusive powers in some areas.Lower house_item_1_6
    • Has the sole power to impeach the executive (the upper house then tries the impeachment).Lower house_item_1_7
    • Typically initiates appropriation/supply-related legislation.Lower house_item_1_8

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  • Always elected directly, while the upper house may be elected directly, indirectly, or not elected at all.Lower house_item_3_9
  • Its members may be elected with a different voting system to the upper house.Lower house_item_3_10
  • Most populated administrative divisions are better represented than in the upper house; representation is usually proportional to population.Lower house_item_3_11
  • Elected more frequently.Lower house_item_3_12
  • Elected all at once, not by staggered terms.Lower house_item_3_13
  • In a parliamentary system, can be dissolved by the executive.Lower house_item_3_14
  • More members.Lower house_item_3_15
  • Has total or initial control over budget, supply, and monetary laws.Lower house_item_3_16
  • Lower age of candidacy than the upper house.Lower house_item_3_17

The government of the day is usually required to present its budget to the lower house, which must approve the budget. Lower house_sentence_4

It is a widespread practice for revenue (i.e., appropriation) bills to originate in the lower house. Lower house_sentence_5

Titles of lower houses Lower house_section_1

Many lower houses are named in manners such as these: Lower house_sentence_6

Lower house_unordered_list_4

See also Lower house_section_2

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Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lower house.