Ludovico Ariosto

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"Ariosto" redirects here. Ludovico Ariosto_sentence_0

For the former member of the United States House of Representatives, see Ariosto A. Wiley. Ludovico Ariosto_sentence_1

Ludovico Ariosto_table_infobox_0

Ludovico AriostoLudovico Ariosto_header_cell_0_0_0
BornLudovico Ariosto_header_cell_0_1_0 8 September 1474

Reggio Emilia, Duchy of Modena and ReggioLudovico Ariosto_cell_0_1_1

DiedLudovico Ariosto_header_cell_0_2_0 6 July 1533 (aged 58)

Ferrara, Duchy of FerraraLudovico Ariosto_cell_0_2_1

NationalityLudovico Ariosto_header_cell_0_3_0 ItalianLudovico Ariosto_cell_0_3_1
PeriodLudovico Ariosto_header_cell_0_4_0 RenaissanceLudovico Ariosto_cell_0_4_1
GenreLudovico Ariosto_header_cell_0_5_0 Epic poetryLudovico Ariosto_cell_0_5_1
SubjectLudovico Ariosto_header_cell_0_6_0 ChivalryLudovico Ariosto_cell_0_6_1
Notable worksLudovico Ariosto_header_cell_0_7_0 Satire, Commedie

Orlando FuriosoLudovico Ariosto_cell_0_7_1

Ludovico Ariosto (Italian: [ludoˈviːko aˈrjɔsto, - ariˈɔsto; 8 September 1474 – 6 July 1533) was an Italian poet. Ludovico Ariosto_sentence_2

He is best known as the author of the romance epic Orlando Furioso (1516). Ludovico Ariosto_sentence_3

The poem, a continuation of Matteo Maria Boiardo's Orlando Innamorato, describes the adventures of Charlemagne, Orlando, and the Franks as they battle against the Saracens with diversions into many sideplots. Ludovico Ariosto_sentence_4

The poem is transformed into a satire of the chivalric tradition. Ludovico Ariosto_sentence_5

Ariosto composed the poem in the ottava rima rhyme scheme and introduced narrative commentary throughout the work. Ludovico Ariosto_sentence_6

Ariosto also coined the term "humanism" (in Italian, umanesimo) for choosing to focus upon the strengths and potential of humanity, rather than only upon its role as subordinate to God. Ludovico Ariosto_sentence_7

This led to Renaissance humanism. Ludovico Ariosto_sentence_8

Birth and early life Ludovico Ariosto_section_0

Ariosto was born in Reggio nell'Emilia, where his father Niccolò Ariosto was commander of the citadel. Ludovico Ariosto_sentence_9

He was the oldest of 10 children and was seen as the successor to the patriarchal position of his family. Ludovico Ariosto_sentence_10

From his earliest years, Ludovico was very interested in poetry, but he was obliged by his father to study law. Ludovico Ariosto_sentence_11

After five years of law, Ariosto was allowed to read classics under Gregorio da Spoleto. Ludovico Ariosto_sentence_12

Ariosto's studies of Greek and Latin literature were cut short by Spoleto's move to France to tutor Francesco Sforza. Ludovico Ariosto_sentence_13

Shortly after this, Ariosto's father died. Ludovico Ariosto_sentence_14

Education and patronage Ludovico Ariosto_section_1

After the death of his father, Ludovico Ariosto was compelled to forgo his literary occupations and take care of his family, whose affairs were in disarray. Ludovico Ariosto_sentence_15

Despite his family obligations, Ariosto managed to write some comedies in prose as well as lyrical pieces. Ludovico Ariosto_sentence_16

Some of these attracted the notice of Cardinal Ippolito d'Este, who took the young poet under his patronage and appointed him one of the gentlemen of his household. Ludovico Ariosto_sentence_17

Este compensated Ariosto poorly for his efforts; the only reward he gave the poet for Orlando Furioso, dedicated to him, was the question, "Where did you find so many stories, Master Ludovico?" Ludovico Ariosto_sentence_18

Ariosto later said that the cardinal was ungrateful, that he deplored the time which he spent under his yoke, and that if he received some small pension, it was not to reward him for his poetry – which the prelate despised – but for acting as a messenger. Ludovico Ariosto_sentence_19

Ludovico Ariosto and Leonardo da Vinci shared a patron in Cardinal Ippolito d'Este's older sister the Marchioness Isabella d'Este, the "First Lady of the Renaissance." Ludovico Ariosto_sentence_20

Isabella d'Este appears in Ludovico's masterpiece, Orlando Furioso. Ludovico Ariosto_sentence_21

She also appears in Leonardo's Sketch for a Portrait of Isabella d'Este at the Louvre. Ludovico Ariosto_sentence_22

The cardinal went to Hungary in 1518, and wished Ariosto to accompany him. Ludovico Ariosto_sentence_23

The poet excused himself, pleading ill health, his love of study, and the need to care for his elderly mother. Ludovico Ariosto_sentence_24

His excuses were not well-received, and he was denied even an interview. Ludovico Ariosto_sentence_25

Ariosto and d'Este got into a heated argument, and Ariosto was promptly dismissed from service. Ludovico Ariosto_sentence_26

New patronage and diplomatic career Ludovico Ariosto_section_2

The cardinal's brother, Alfonso, duke of Ferrara, now took Ariosto under his patronage. Ludovico Ariosto_sentence_27

By then, Ariosto had already distinguished himself as a diplomat, chiefly on the occasion of two visits to Rome as ambassador to Pope Julius II. Ludovico Ariosto_sentence_28

The fatigue of one of these journeys brought on an illness from which he never recovered, and on his second mission he was nearly killed by order of the Pope, who happened at the time to be in conflict with Alfonso. Ludovico Ariosto_sentence_29

On account of the war, his salary of 84 crowns a year was suspended, and it was withdrawn altogether after the peace. Ludovico Ariosto_sentence_30

Because of this, Ariosto asked the duke either to provide for him, or to allow him to seek employment elsewhere. Ludovico Ariosto_sentence_31

He was appointed to the province of Garfagnana, then without a governor, situated on the Apennines, an appointment he held for three years. Ludovico Ariosto_sentence_32

The province was distracted by factions and bandits, the governor had not the requisite means to enforce his authority and the duke did little to support his minister. Ludovico Ariosto_sentence_33

Ariosto's government satisfied both the sovereign and the people given over to his care, however; indeed, there is a story about a time when he was walking alone and fell into the company of a group of bandits, the chief of which, on discovering that his captive was the author of Orlando Furioso, apologized for not having immediately shown him the respect due his rank. Ludovico Ariosto_sentence_34

In 1508 Ariosto's play Cassaria appeared, and the next year I suppositi [] was first acted in Ferrara and ten years later in the Vatican. Ludovico Ariosto_sentence_35

A prose edition was published in Rome in 1524, and the first verse edition was published at Venice in 1551. Ludovico Ariosto_sentence_36

The play was translated by George Gascoigne and acted at Gray's Inn in London in 1566 and published in 1573, which was later used by Shakespeare as a source for The Taming of the Shrew. Ludovico Ariosto_sentence_37

In 1516 the first version of the Orlando Furioso in 40 cantos, was published at Ferrara. Ludovico Ariosto_sentence_38

The third and final version of the Orlando Furioso, in 46 cantos, appeared on 8 September 1532. Ludovico Ariosto_sentence_39

Poetic style Ludovico Ariosto_section_3

Throughout Ariosto's writing are narratorial comments dubbed by Daniel Javitch as "Cantus Interruptus". Ludovico Ariosto_sentence_40

Javitch's term refers to Ariosto's narrative technique to break off one plot line in the middle of a canto, only to pick it up again in another, often much later, canto. Ludovico Ariosto_sentence_41

Javitch argues that while many critics have assumed Ariosto does this so as to build narrative tension and keep the reader turning pages, the poet in reality defuses narrative tension because so much time separates the interruption and the resumption. Ludovico Ariosto_sentence_42

By the time the reader gets to the continuation of the story, he or she has often forgotten or ceased to care about the plot and is usually wrapped up in another plot. Ludovico Ariosto_sentence_43

Ariosto does this, Javitch argues, to undermine "man's foolish but persistent desire for continuity and completion". Ludovico Ariosto_sentence_44

Ariosto uses it throughout his works. Ludovico Ariosto_sentence_45

For example, in Canto II, stanza 30, of Orlando Furioso, the narrator says: Ludovico Ariosto_sentence_46

Some have attributed this piece of metafiction as one component of the "Sorriso ariostesco" or Ariosto's smile, the wry sense of humor that Ariosto adds to the text. Ludovico Ariosto_sentence_47

In explaining this humor, Thomas Greene, in Descent from Heaven, says: Ludovico Ariosto_sentence_48

In literature and popular culture Ludovico Ariosto_section_4

Letitia Elizabeth Landon' s poem . Ludovico Ariosto_sentence_49

(1836) is supposed to be his address to some unknown beauty on presenting her with his completed Orlando Furioso. Ludovico Ariosto_sentence_50

Lodovico Ariosto is featured in the novelization of Assassin's Creed: Revelations (the novel describes Ezio's journey to Masyaf, his marriage to Sofia Sartor, the birth of his children and his retirement in more detail) as an Assassin. Ludovico Ariosto_sentence_51

When Ezio retires after the events of the game, in 1513, he gives his position of Mentor to Lodovico. Ludovico Ariosto_sentence_52

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: Ariosto.