Lugano

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For other uses, see Lugano (disambiguation). Lugano_sentence_0

Lugano_table_infobox_0

LuganoLugano_header_cell_0_0_0
CountryLugano_header_cell_0_1_0 SwitzerlandLugano_cell_0_1_1
CantonLugano_header_cell_0_2_0 TicinoLugano_cell_0_2_1
DistrictLugano_header_cell_0_3_0 LuganoLugano_cell_0_3_1
GovernmentLugano_header_cell_0_4_0
ExecutiveLugano_header_cell_0_5_0 Municipio

with 7 membersLugano_cell_0_5_1

MayorLugano_header_cell_0_6_0 Sindaco (list)

Marco Borradori Ticino League (as of February 2014)Lugano_cell_0_6_1

ParliamentLugano_header_cell_0_7_0 Consiglio comunale

with 60 membersLugano_cell_0_7_1

AreaLugano_header_cell_0_8_0
TotalLugano_header_cell_0_9_0 75.93 km (29.32 sq mi)Lugano_cell_0_9_1
Elevation (Lake shore, Centro)Lugano_header_cell_0_10_0 273 m (896 ft)Lugano_cell_0_10_1
Population (2018-12-31)Lugano_header_cell_0_11_0
TotalLugano_header_cell_0_12_0 63,185Lugano_cell_0_12_1
DensityLugano_header_cell_0_13_0 830/km (2,200/sq mi)Lugano_cell_0_13_1
Time zoneLugano_header_cell_0_14_0 UTC+01:00 (Central European Time)Lugano_cell_0_14_1
Summer (DST)Lugano_header_cell_0_15_0 UTC+02:00 (Central European Summer Time)Lugano_cell_0_15_1
Postal code(s)Lugano_header_cell_0_16_0 from 6900 to 6917, 6932, 6951, 6959, from 6962 to 6968, from 6974 to 6979Lugano_cell_0_16_1
SFOS numberLugano_header_cell_0_17_0 5192Lugano_cell_0_17_1
LocalitiesLugano_header_cell_0_18_0 Barbengo, Besso, Brè-Aldesago, Breganzona, Cadro, Carabbia, Carona, Castagnola-Cassarate, Cureggia, Davesco-Soragno, Gandria, Loreto, Lugano Centro, Molino Nuovo, Pambio Noranco, Pazzallo, Pregassona, Sonvico, Val Colla, Viganello, Villa LuganeseLugano_cell_0_18_1
Surrounded byLugano_header_cell_0_19_0 Arogno, Bioggio, Brusimpiano (Italy), Campione d'Italia (Italy), Canobbio, Capriasca, Collina d'Oro, Grancia, Alta Valle Intelvi (Italy), Massagno, Melide, Morcote, Muzzano, Paradiso, Ponte Capriasca, Porza, Savosa, Sorengo, Valsolda (Italy), Vezia, Vico MorcoteLugano_cell_0_19_1
WebsiteLugano_header_cell_0_20_0 Lugano_cell_0_20_1

Lugano (/luːˈɡɑːnoʊ/, also UK: /lʊˈ-/, Italian: [luˈɡaːno; Ticinese: Lugan [lyˈɡãː) is a town and a municipality in southern Switzerland in the Italian-speaking canton of Ticino bordering Italy. Lugano_sentence_1

The between 2004 and 2013 territorially vastly expanded municipality has a population (as of December 2019) of 62,615, and an urban agglomeration of over 150,000. Lugano_sentence_2

The ninth largest Swiss town, it is the largest in Ticino and largest with an Italian speaking majority outside of Italy. Lugano_sentence_3

The town lies on Lake Lugano, surrounded by the mountains of the Lugano Prealps. Lugano_sentence_4

The eastern part of the municipality shares a border with Italy. Lugano_sentence_5

Name and coat of arms Lugano_section_0

The toponym is first recorded in 804, in the form Luanasco, in 874 as Luano, and from 1189 as Lugano. Lugano_sentence_6

German-language variants of the name (now no longer in use) were Lowens, Lauis, Lauwis, Louwerz. Lugano_sentence_7

The local Lombard form of the name is rendered Lugan. Lugano_sentence_8

The etymology of the name is uncertain, suggestions include derivation from Latin lucus ("grove"), from a vulgar Latin lakvannus ("lake-dweller") and from the god Lugus. Lugano_sentence_9

History Lugano_section_1

Pre-history Lugano_section_2

The shores of Lake Lugano have been inhabited since the Stone Age. Lugano_sentence_10

Within the modern town limits (Breganzona, Castagnola, Davesco and Gandria) a number of ground stones or quern-stones have been found. Lugano_sentence_11

In the area surrounding Lugano, items from the Copper Age and the Iron Age have been found. Lugano_sentence_12

There are Etruscan monuments at Davesco-Soragno (5th to 2nd century BC), Pregassona (3rd to 2nd century BC), and Viganello (3rd to 2nd century BC). Lugano_sentence_13

Graves with jewelry and household items have been found in Aldesago, Davesco, Pazzallo and Pregassona along with Celtic money in Viganello. Lugano_sentence_14

The region around Lake Lugano was settled by the Romans by the 1st century BC. Lugano_sentence_15

There was an important Roman town north of Lugano at Bioggio. Lugano_sentence_16

There are fewer traces of the Romans in Lugano, but several inscriptions, graves and coins indicate that some Romans lived in what would become Lugano. Lugano_sentence_17

Foundation of Lugano Lugano_section_3

The first written mention of a settlement at Lugano can be found in documents, which are of disputed authenticity, with which the Longobard king Liutprand ceded various assets located in Lugano to the Church of Saint Carpophorus in Como in 724. Lugano_sentence_18

Other documents, dating from 804 and 844 refer to Lake Lugano as Laco Luanasco, and an act of 984 indicates Lugano as a market town. Lugano_sentence_19

During the fighting between Guelphs and Ghibellines and the new disputes between Como and Milan, during the 14th and 15th centuries, Lugano was the scene of clashes between opposing forces. Lugano_sentence_20

After a long rule by the Rusca family, Lugano was freed from the domination of Como, which had been taken over in 1335 by the Visconti. Lugano_sentence_21

At the same time the link between town and the valley strengthened. Lugano_sentence_22

By 1405–06 documents attest to a vallis comunitas Lugani et, a governing body that was independent of Como. Lugano_sentence_23

The new community included the parishes of Lugano, Agno, Riva San Vitale and Capriasca. Lugano_sentence_24

In 1416 the Duke of Milan, Filippo Maria Visconti, conquered the region of Lugano and the Rusca valley and made it a fief. Lugano_sentence_25

A year later, Lugano's freedoms were first documented in a series of statutes modeled on those of Como. Lugano_sentence_26

The town was able to secure complete independence. Lugano_sentence_27

Lugano during the Renaissance and Enlightenment Lugano_section_4

Between 1433 and 1438 the Duke of Milan, Aloisio Sanseverino sat as a feudal lord over Lugano. Lugano_sentence_28

He compensated the Rusca family with the ownership of Locarno. Lugano_sentence_29

Under the reign of his heirs in the following decades rebellions and riots broke out, which lasted until the French invasion of 1499. Lugano_sentence_30

It was the object of continuous disputes between the Dukes of Como and Milan until it became a Swiss dominion in 1513. Lugano_sentence_31

Swiss control lasted until 1798 when Napoleon conquered the Old Swiss Confederation and created the Helvetic Republic. Lugano_sentence_32

In 1746, the Agnelli brothers opened the first printing press and bookshop in Lugano. Lugano_sentence_33

They began publishing the newspaper Nuove di diverse corti e paesi in 1748 and changed its name to Gazzetta di Lugano in 1797. Lugano_sentence_34

The newspaper was widely read in north and central Italy. Lugano_sentence_35

It supported the cause of the later Jansenists against the Jesuits and therefore was banned in 1768 in the territory of the Papal States. Lugano_sentence_36

It was open to the themes of enlightened reform and the American Revolutionary War. Lugano_sentence_37

It was the first newspaper in the Italian language to publish an excerpt from the Declaration of Independence of 1776. Lugano_sentence_38

After the death of Abbot Gian Battista Agnelli in 1788, who had been the editor for more than 40 years, Abbot Giuseppe Lodovico Maria Vanelli took over the paper. Lugano_sentence_39

Under Abbot Vanelli, it supported the revolutionary ideas from France, which drew protests from the Austrian government in Lombardy. Lugano_sentence_40

The publication of the magazine ceased abruptly after edition number 17 of 29 April 1799, following the anti-French riots in Lugano during which the Agnelli printing house was sacked and Abbot Vanelli was shot. Lugano_sentence_41

Under the Helvetic Republic, Lugano became the capital of the Canton of Lugano. Lugano_sentence_42

Canton of Lugano Lugano_section_5

Main article: Canton of Lugano Lugano_sentence_43

The canton of Lugano unified the former Landvogteien of Lugano, Mendrisio, Locarno and Valmaggia. Lugano_sentence_44

However, as with the other cantons of the Helvetic Republic, the autonomy of Lugano was very limited, the republic having been founded by Napoleon in order further to centralise power in Switzerland. Lugano_sentence_45

The canton was led by a Directory of five members, who appointed a "national préfet". Lugano_sentence_46

The canton was deeply divided between "patriots" supporting the Cisalpine Republic, and traditionalist "aristocrats". Lugano_sentence_47

By 1799 riots broke out in Lugano, and the second préfet, Francesco Capra, fled the town. Lugano_sentence_48

Power passed to a provisional government sympathetic to the Habsburgs. Lugano_sentence_49

However, French occupation was restored in 1800. Lugano_sentence_50

Discontent continued and in early 1802 a revolt in Capriasca led to the autumn pronunciamento of Pian Povrò, which declared the independence of Lugano from the Helvetic client republic. Lugano_sentence_51

With the Act of Mediation, the following year, political agitation was finally quelled, as were the struggles between unionists and federalists. Lugano_sentence_52

The canton of Lugano merged with Bellinzona creating the canton of Ticino, which endures to the present day. Lugano_sentence_53

19th century Lugano_section_6

After 1803, the political municipality of Lugano was created. Lugano_sentence_54

One of the primary tasks of the new city government was to determine the division of property and authority between the patriziato and the new political municipality. Lugano_sentence_55

Two agreements between the two organizations, in 1804 and 1810, began this process. Lugano_sentence_56

In the second half of the 19th century, the political municipality received various properties and rights from the patriziato. Lugano_sentence_57

Francesco Capra, the préfet during the Helvetic Republic, became the first mayor of Lugano from 1803 until 1813. Lugano_sentence_58

The cantonal constitution of 1814, set Lugano, Bellinzona and Locarno as capitals of the Canton. Lugano_sentence_59

They each served as the capital in a six-year rotation. Lugano_sentence_60

Lugano was the capital in 1827–33, 1845–51 and 1863–69. Lugano_sentence_61

In the 19th century, the city government was dominated by the Liberal Party. Lugano_sentence_62

In 1900, slightly more than half of the seats on the city council (at the time 50 total members, but 60 members since 2004) were held by Liberals. Lugano_sentence_63

Most of the rest of the seats were held by either Conservatives or Socialists. Lugano_sentence_64

The city government initially had eleven members, but in 1908 their number was reduced to five and in 2004 increased to seven. Lugano_sentence_65

Throughout most of the 20th century, the Liberals held the absolute majority here as well. Lugano_sentence_66

The rest of the municipal executive posts were held by the Conservatives, the Socialists (1944–48, 1976–80 and since 2000) and the Ticino League (since 1992). Lugano_sentence_67

Around 1830 new civic and government buildings began to emerge in Lugano. Lugano_sentence_68

The town also began to expand into the surrounding hills, along the Cassarate, and toward Molino Nuovo, Paradiso and Castagnola. Lugano_sentence_69

In 1843–44 the city hall was built on the site of the Bishop's Palace (built in 1346). Lugano_sentence_70

It housed the cantonal government in 1845–51 and again in 1863–69. Lugano_sentence_71

Since 1890, it has housed the city government. Lugano_sentence_72

The promenade was built in stages: first part was in the 1870s, a second in the first decade of the 20th century. Lugano_sentence_73

In the first decades of the 19th century, the roads that connect Lugano with Bellinzona (1808–12), Ponte Tresa (1808–20) and Chiasso (1810–16) were built. Lugano_sentence_74

In 1848 the first steamboat on Lake Lugano began to operate, with regular, scheduled service since 1856. Lugano_sentence_75

The construction of the Melide causeway between Melide and Bissone in 1844–47 favored the development of the Chiasso-Bellinzona-Lugano-Gotthard line at the expense of the north–south route along Lake Maggiore. Lugano_sentence_76

This tendency for development was strengthened further in 1882 with the completion of the Gotthard railway line. Lugano_sentence_77

The railway station was built in 1874–77 in Lugano, and transformed it into one of the main links between northern Italy and central and northern Europe, which led to the development of tourism and in general helped the services sector. Lugano_sentence_78

Modern Lugano Lugano_section_7

From the mid-19th century to 1970 the town recorded constant population growth, especially between 1880 and 1910, when the population more than doubled. Lugano_sentence_79

This increase was partly due to foreign nationals settling in Lugano (in 1870 18.7% of the population, 1910 43.6%) and people from other language areas of Switzerland (1870 1.4% of the population, 1910 6.9%). Lugano_sentence_80

In the last three decades of the 20th century, the population fell slightly, despite the merger in 1972, of the municipalities of Castagnola and Brè-Aldesago. Lugano_sentence_81

This reflected a trend to move away from the town to the suburban communities. Lugano_sentence_82

However, in 2004 the municipalities of Breganzona, Cureggia, Davesco-Soragno, Gandria, Pambio-Noranco, Pazzallo, Pregassona and Viganello were incorporated into the municipality. Lugano_sentence_83

In 2008, they were followed by Barbengo, Carabbia and Villa Luganese. Lugano_sentence_84

This, among other factors, resulted in a doubling of the population to 52,059 in 2006, of which over a third were foreigners. Lugano_sentence_85

In 2013 the municipalities of Bogno, Cadro, Carona, Certara, Cimadera, Sonvico and Val Colla were incorporated into the municipality. Lugano_sentence_86

Following the Second World War, and particularly during the 1960s and 70s, thanks to an abundant flow of capital from nearby Italy, Lugano was the first host-city of the 1956 Eurovision Song Contest. Lugano_sentence_87

Lugano experienced a period of exponential growth in banking activities which led to it placing itself as the third financial centre of Switzerland, with over 100 banking institutions present in the town. Lugano_sentence_88

Trade, tourism and finance are the mainstays of the local economy. Lugano_sentence_89

In 2000, nine-tenths of the workers were employed in the services sector, of which three-quarters are commuters, including many cross-border commuters (13% of the working population). Lugano_sentence_90

In 1975, the Congress Center was built followed in 1978 by the new City Hospital. Lugano_sentence_91

In 1963 the town acquired the land for the airfield Lugano-Agno, and the first scheduled flights was in 1980. Lugano_sentence_92

At the beginning of the 21st century they began the Grande Lugano projects, including: the car tunnel Vedeggio-Cassarate, which started in 2005 and connects the A2 motorway with the neighborhood of Cornaredo, the creation of a new Kulturpol on the site of the former Grand Hôtel Palace and a convention and exhibition center in the area of Campo Marzio. Lugano_sentence_93

In June 2011, officials of the Israeli town of Yehud announced they would undertake a massive construction project to replicate Lugano's old square in the center of their town, to reinvigorate commerce and tourism. Lugano_sentence_94

The replica will be replete with neoclassical columns and colonnades. Lugano_sentence_95

Geography and climate Lugano_section_8

Topology Lugano_section_9

The municipality Lugano lies at the edge of Lake Lugano (Italian: Lago di Lugano or Ceresio), which is situated between the lakes Lago Maggiore and Lago di Como, south of the Alps. Lugano_sentence_96

It lies at the heart of the Sottoceneri, that part of the canton of Ticino that lies south of the Monte Ceneri Pass. Lugano_sentence_97

The town centre is located on the lake shore just to the west of where the river Cassarate enters the lake. Lugano_sentence_98

The town's waterfront forms a crescent around the bay between the Brè (925 m [3,035 ft]) and the San Salvatore (912 m [2,992 ft]) mountains. Lugano_sentence_99

Because of the historical development of the town, incorporating some relatively distant suburbs but leaving other, nearer, suburbs as independent municipalities, the borders of the town are disparate. Lugano_sentence_100

A large and sparsely populated section of the town is on the east bank of Lake Lugano and separated from the town by that lake. Lugano_sentence_101

Similarly, the inner-urban but independent municipality of Paradiso is a near-enclave, totally surrounded as it is by the municipality and the Lake Lugano. Lugano_sentence_102

Based on the 1997 land survey, as of 2013 the municipality Lugano has a total area of 32.09 square kilometers (12.39 sq mi). Lugano_sentence_103

Of this area, 3.25 km (1.25 sq mi) or 10.1% is used for agricultural purposes, while 6.73 km (2.60 sq mi) or 21.0% is forested. Lugano_sentence_104

Of the rest of the land, 4.48 km (1.73 sq mi) or 14.0% is settled (buildings or roads), 0.04 km (9.9 acres) or 0.1% is either rivers or lakes and 0.12 km (30 acres) or 0.4% is unproductive land. Lugano_sentence_105

Of the built up area, housing and buildings made up 9.4% and transportation infrastructure made up 3.0%. Lugano_sentence_106

while parks, green belts and sports fields made up 1.2%. Lugano_sentence_107

Out of the forested land, all of the forested land area is covered with heavy forests. Lugano_sentence_108

Of the agricultural land, 0.5% is used for growing crops and 9.4% is used for alpine pastures. Lugano_sentence_109

Almost all the water in the municipality is in lakes. Lugano_sentence_110

Climate Lugano_section_10

Lugano is amongst the warmest places in Switzerland, along with Locarno and Grono. Lugano_sentence_111

Lugano has a rare humid subtropical climate (Köppen: Cfa) for the latitude, closely bordering on a subtropical oceanic climate (Köppen: Cfb) due to the warmer average being 22 °C (71.6 °F). Lugano_sentence_112

Although the US National Academy of Sciences considers a sea-like climate, the vegetation is from the subtropics with deciduous forest. Lugano_sentence_113

It is characterized by relatively mild winters and warm humid summers. Lugano_sentence_114

It has an average of 98.1 days of rain or snow per year and on average receives 1,559 mm (61.4 in) of precipitation. Lugano_sentence_115

The wettest month is May during which Lugano receives an average of 196 mm (7.7 in) of rain, while the driest month of the year is February with an average of 52 mm (2.0 in) of precipitation over 4.6 days. Lugano_sentence_116

Located on a plains in southern Switzerland and protected by the Alps and lakes, the climate is one of the mildest in the country, typical of the Italian Lakes in the Insubrian region. Lugano_sentence_117

In addition, the precipitation is lower than in many other places as well as the deviations of temperature. Lugano_sentence_118

Lugano is also one of the sunniest Swiss cities. Lugano_sentence_119

The greatest precipitates anticipate and succeed much of the summer. Lugano_sentence_120

Winter freezing temperatures are more common on the night of January (between 27 and 28 days), but the low temperatures remains are rare and do not occur every year. Lugano_sentence_121

Much of the summer is pleasant, but warm days above 30 °C (86 °F) are not uncommon (average of about 8 days). Lugano_sentence_122

The highest temperature recorded in Lugano is 38.0 °C (100.4 °F), recorded in July 1945, with the lowest temperature recorded being −14.0 °C (6.8 °F), recorded in February 1929. Lugano_sentence_123

Politics Lugano_section_11

Coat of arms Lugano_section_12

The blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Gules, a cross throughout argent, between the upper case serif letters L, V, G and A (respectively in the I, II, III and IV quarters). Lugano_sentence_124

The coat of arms dates from around 1200. Lugano_sentence_125

The four letters on the coat of arms are an abbreviation of the name Lugano. Lugano_sentence_126

Quarters and circles Lugano_section_13

The municipality is subdivided into 25 quartieri (quarters) which are grouped into three (cantonal) circles. Lugano_sentence_127

Quarters 1–9 are the older quarters of the town, which have been added to by successive enlargements of the municipality in 2004, 2008 and 2013; these enlargements involved previously independent municipalities becoming parts of the municipality. Lugano_sentence_128

Lugano_table_general_1

QuartersLugano_table_caption_1
QuartierLugano_header_cell_1_0_0 No.Lugano_header_cell_1_0_1 BFS-CodeLugano_header_cell_1_0_2 Date joined LuganoLugano_header_cell_1_0_3 Former municipalityLugano_header_cell_1_0_4 CircleLugano_header_cell_1_0_5 Lugano_cell_1_0_6
AldesagoLugano_cell_1_1_0 1Lugano_cell_1_1_1 5192001Lugano_cell_1_1_2 1972Lugano_cell_1_1_3 Brè-AldesagoLugano_cell_1_1_4 EastLugano_cell_1_1_5
BessoLugano_cell_1_2_0 2Lugano_cell_1_2_1 5192002Lugano_cell_1_2_2 Lugano_cell_1_2_3 Lugano_cell_1_2_4 WestLugano_cell_1_2_5
BrèLugano_cell_1_3_0 3Lugano_cell_1_3_1 5192003Lugano_cell_1_3_2 1972Lugano_cell_1_3_3 Brè-AldesagoLugano_cell_1_3_4 EastLugano_cell_1_3_5
CaprinoLugano_cell_1_4_0 4Lugano_cell_1_4_1 5192004Lugano_cell_1_4_2 1972Lugano_cell_1_4_3 Castagnola-CassarateLugano_cell_1_4_4 EastLugano_cell_1_4_5
CassarateLugano_cell_1_5_0 5Lugano_cell_1_5_1 5192005Lugano_cell_1_5_2 1972Lugano_cell_1_5_3 Castagnola-CassarateLugano_cell_1_5_4 EastLugano_cell_1_5_5
CastagnolaLugano_cell_1_6_0 6Lugano_cell_1_6_1 5192006Lugano_cell_1_6_2 1972Lugano_cell_1_6_3 Castagnola-CassarateLugano_cell_1_6_4 EastLugano_cell_1_6_5
CentroLugano_cell_1_7_0 7Lugano_cell_1_7_1 5192007Lugano_cell_1_7_2 Lugano_cell_1_7_3 Lugano_cell_1_7_4 WestLugano_cell_1_7_5
LoretoLugano_cell_1_8_0 8Lugano_cell_1_8_1 5192008Lugano_cell_1_8_2 Lugano_cell_1_8_3 Lugano_cell_1_8_4 WestLugano_cell_1_8_5
Molino NuovoLugano_cell_1_9_0 9Lugano_cell_1_9_1 5192009Lugano_cell_1_9_2 Lugano_cell_1_9_3 Lugano_cell_1_9_4 WestLugano_cell_1_9_5
BreganzonaLugano_cell_1_10_0 11Lugano_cell_1_10_1 5192011Lugano_cell_1_10_2 2004Lugano_cell_1_10_3 BreganzonaLugano_cell_1_10_4 WestLugano_cell_1_10_5
CureggiaLugano_cell_1_11_0 12Lugano_cell_1_11_1 5192012Lugano_cell_1_11_2 2004Lugano_cell_1_11_3 CureggiaLugano_cell_1_11_4 EastLugano_cell_1_11_5
Davesco-SoragnoLugano_cell_1_12_0 13Lugano_cell_1_12_1 5192013Lugano_cell_1_12_2 2004Lugano_cell_1_12_3 Davesco-SoragnoLugano_cell_1_12_4 NorthLugano_cell_1_12_5
GandriaLugano_cell_1_13_0 14Lugano_cell_1_13_1 5192014Lugano_cell_1_13_2 2004Lugano_cell_1_13_3 GandriaLugano_cell_1_13_4 EastLugano_cell_1_13_5
Pambio-NorancoLugano_cell_1_14_0 15Lugano_cell_1_14_1 5192015Lugano_cell_1_14_2 2004Lugano_cell_1_14_3 Pambio-NorancoLugano_cell_1_14_4 EastLugano_cell_1_14_5
PazzalloLugano_cell_1_15_0 16Lugano_cell_1_15_1 5192016Lugano_cell_1_15_2 2004Lugano_cell_1_15_3 PazzalloLugano_cell_1_15_4 WestLugano_cell_1_15_5
PregassonaLugano_cell_1_16_0 17Lugano_cell_1_16_1 5192017Lugano_cell_1_16_2 2004Lugano_cell_1_16_3 PregassonaLugano_cell_1_16_4 EastLugano_cell_1_16_5
ViganelloLugano_cell_1_17_0 18Lugano_cell_1_17_1 5192018Lugano_cell_1_17_2 2004Lugano_cell_1_17_3 ViganelloLugano_cell_1_17_4 EastLugano_cell_1_17_5
BarbengoLugano_cell_1_18_0 19Lugano_cell_1_18_1 5192021Lugano_cell_1_18_2 2008Lugano_cell_1_18_3 BarbengoLugano_cell_1_18_4 WestLugano_cell_1_18_5
CarabbiaLugano_cell_1_19_0 20Lugano_cell_1_19_1 5192022Lugano_cell_1_19_2 2008Lugano_cell_1_19_3 CarabbiaLugano_cell_1_19_4 WestLugano_cell_1_19_5
Villa LuganeseLugano_cell_1_20_0 21Lugano_cell_1_20_1 5192023Lugano_cell_1_20_2 2008Lugano_cell_1_20_3 Villa LuganeseLugano_cell_1_20_4 NorthLugano_cell_1_20_5
CadroLugano_cell_1_21_0 22Lugano_cell_1_21_1 5192024Lugano_cell_1_21_2 2013Lugano_cell_1_21_3 CadroLugano_cell_1_21_4 NorthLugano_cell_1_21_5
CaronaLugano_cell_1_22_0 23Lugano_cell_1_22_1 5192025Lugano_cell_1_22_2 2013Lugano_cell_1_22_3 CaronaLugano_cell_1_22_4 WestLugano_cell_1_22_5
SonvicoLugano_cell_1_23_0 24Lugano_cell_1_23_1 5192026Lugano_cell_1_23_2 2013Lugano_cell_1_23_3 SonvicoLugano_cell_1_23_4 NorthLugano_cell_1_23_5
Val CollaLugano_cell_1_24_0 25Lugano_cell_1_24_1 5192027Lugano_cell_1_24_2 2013Lugano_cell_1_24_3 Cimadera, Certara, Bogno, ValcollaLugano_cell_1_24_4 NorthLugano_cell_1_24_5

Elections Lugano_section_14

Cantonal Lugano_section_15

In the 2007 Grand Council of Ticino election, there were a total of 27,557 registered voters in Lugano, of which 15,214 or 55.2% voted. Lugano_sentence_129

237 blank ballots and 38 null ballots were cast, leaving 14,939 valid ballots in the election. Lugano_sentence_130

The most popular party was the PLR which received 3,680 or 24.6% of the vote. Lugano_sentence_131

The next three most popular parties were; the Lega (with 2,854 or 19.1%), the SSI (with 2,532 or 16.9%) and the PS (with 2,170 or 14.5%). Lugano_sentence_132

In the 2007 Council of State of Ticino election, 158 blank ballots and 79 null ballots were cast, leaving 14,980 valid ballots in the election. Lugano_sentence_133

The most popular party was the Lega which received 3,839 or 25.6% of the vote. Lugano_sentence_134

The next three most popular parties were; the PLR (with 3,596 or 24.0%), the PS (with 2,496 or 16.7%) and the SSI (with 2,169 or 14.5%). Lugano_sentence_135

National Lugano_section_16

In the 2019 federal election for the Swiss National Council the most popular party was the Lega which received 20.6% (-5.8) of the vote. Lugano_sentence_136

The next five most popular parties were the PLR (20.3%, -2), the PPD (14.0%, -1.1), PS (13.9%, -1.3), the UDC (13.2%, -0.2), and the Green Party (11.1%, +7.0). Lugano_sentence_137

In the federal election a total of 15,639 votes were cast, and the voter turnout was 46.6%. Lugano_sentence_138

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the PLR which received 26.6% of the vote. Lugano_sentence_139

The next three most popular parties were the Lega (19%), the PPD (18.71%) and the PS (17.46%). Lugano_sentence_140

In the federal election, a total of 11,980 votes were cast, and the voter turnout was 42.8%. Lugano_sentence_141

Demographics Lugano_section_17

Since its union with some surrounding municipalities in 2004 (Breganzona, Cureggia, Davesco-Soragno, Gandria, Pambio-Noranco, Pazzallo, Pregassona and Viganello), 2008 (Barbengo, Carabbia and Villa Luganese) and 2013 (Bogno, Cadro, Carona, Certara, Cimadera, Sonvico and Val Colla), Lugano has a population (as of December 2019) of 62,615 and is therefore canton's largest town. Lugano_sentence_142

The expansion in 2004 was the second major expansion after the union in 1972 with the municipalities of Brè-Aldesago and Castagnola. Lugano_sentence_143

As of 2015, 38.1% of the population do not hold Swiss citizenship and 14,778 or 23.2% of the population was born in Italy. Lugano_sentence_144

In 2013, among the Swiss population (61.6%, 41,392), 24.3% (16,349) are Luganesi, 21.7% (14,585) from anywhere else in the canton of Ticino, and 15.6% (10,458) from other cantons in Switzerland. Lugano_sentence_145

Lugano_table_infobox_2

NationalityLugano_header_cell_2_0_0 NumberLugano_header_cell_2_0_1 % total

(foreigners)Lugano_header_cell_2_0_2

ItalyLugano_cell_2_1_0 15,047Lugano_cell_2_1_1 22.4 (58.0)Lugano_cell_2_1_2
PortugalLugano_cell_2_2_0 1,400Lugano_cell_2_2_1 2.0 (5.4)Lugano_cell_2_2_2
GermanyLugano_cell_2_3_0 1,098Lugano_cell_2_3_1 1.6 (4.3)Lugano_cell_2_3_2
SerbiaLugano_cell_2_4_0 949Lugano_cell_2_4_1 1.4 (3.7)Lugano_cell_2_4_2
Bosnia and HerzegovinaLugano_cell_2_5_0 430Lugano_cell_2_5_1 0.6 (1.7)Lugano_cell_2_5_2
KosovoLugano_cell_2_6_0 428Lugano_cell_2_6_1 0.6 (1.7)Lugano_cell_2_6_2
SpainLugano_cell_2_7_0 417Lugano_cell_2_7_1 0.6 (1.6)Lugano_cell_2_7_2
FranceLugano_cell_2_8_0 360Lugano_cell_2_8_1 0.5 (1.4)Lugano_cell_2_8_2
TurkeyLugano_cell_2_9_0 351Lugano_cell_2_9_1 0.5 (1.4)Lugano_cell_2_9_2
CroatiaLugano_cell_2_10_0 345Lugano_cell_2_10_1 0.5 (1.3)Lugano_cell_2_10_2
BrazilLugano_cell_2_11_0 310Lugano_cell_2_11_1 0.5 (1.2)Lugano_cell_2_11_2
United StatesLugano_cell_2_12_0 284Lugano_cell_2_12_1 0.4 (1.1)Lugano_cell_2_12_2
RussiaLugano_cell_2_13_0 274Lugano_cell_2_13_1 0.4 (1.0)Lugano_cell_2_13_2

The town's economy provides an estimated 38,000 jobs, over a third of which are occupied by cross-border commuters. Lugano_sentence_146

Business, tourism and finance constitute the backbone of the local economy. Lugano_sentence_147

In 2000, the tertiary sector offered 90% of all jobs in Lugano, of which 75% were occupied by commuters, many of which commute from neighbouring Italy (approximately 13% of the active working population); in the same year tax revenues reached CHF 104 million, of which CHF 59 million were attributable to the banking sector. Lugano_sentence_148

The town is Switzerland's third largest banking centre after Zürich and Geneva. Lugano_sentence_149

With regards to intercommunal financial equalisation, thanks to its financial strength Lugano contributes significantly to the equalisation fund. Lugano_sentence_150

The population is Italian-speaking and mainly Roman Catholic. Lugano_sentence_151

Between 1997 and 2007, the population changed at a rate of 6.9%. Lugano_sentence_152

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks Italian (80.3%), with German being second most common (7.1%) and Serbo-Croatian being third (2.7%). Lugano_sentence_153

Of the Swiss national languages (as of 2000), 20,998 people speak Italian, 1,855 speak German, 597 people speak French, and 39 people speak Romansh. Lugano_sentence_154

The remainder (3,071 people) speak another language. Lugano_sentence_155

As of 2008, the gender distribution of the population was 47.1% male and 52.9% female. Lugano_sentence_156

The population was made up of 15,457 Swiss men (28.1% of the population), and 10,461 (19.0%) non-Swiss men. Lugano_sentence_157

There were 19,417 Swiss women (35.3%), and 9,725 (17.7%) non-Swiss women. Lugano_sentence_158

In 2008 there were 318 live births to Swiss citizens and 190 births to non-Swiss citizens, and in same time span there were 351 deaths of Swiss citizens and 92 non-Swiss citizen deaths. Lugano_sentence_159

Ignoring immigration and emigration, the population of Swiss citizens decreased by 33 while the foreign population increased by 98. Lugano_sentence_160

There were 7 Swiss men and 3 Swiss women who emigrated from Switzerland. Lugano_sentence_161

At the same time, there were 672 non-Swiss men and 556 non-Swiss women who immigrated from another country to Switzerland. Lugano_sentence_162

The total Swiss population change in 2008 (from all sources, including moves across municipal borders) was an increase of 197 and the non-Swiss population change was an increase of 706 people. Lugano_sentence_163

This represents a population growth rate of 1.7%. Lugano_sentence_164

The age distribution, as of 2009, in Lugano is; 4,666 children or 8.5% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old and 5,013 teenagers or 9.1% are between 10 and 19. Lugano_sentence_165

Of the adult population, 6,270 people or 11.4% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. Lugano_sentence_166

8,267 people or 15.0% are between 30 and 39, 9,113 people or 16.6% are between 40 and 49, and 6,844 people or 12.4% are between 50 and 59. Lugano_sentence_167

The senior population distribution is 6,459 people or 11.7% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 4,947 people or 9.0% are between 70 and 79, there are 3,481 people or 6.3% who are over 80. Lugano_sentence_168

As of 2000 the average number of residents per living room was 0.61 which is about equal to the cantonal average of 0.6 per room. Lugano_sentence_169

In this case, a room is defined as space of a housing unit of at least 4 m (43 sq ft) as normal bedrooms, dining rooms, living rooms, kitchens and habitable cellars and attics. Lugano_sentence_170

About 19.1% of the total households were owner occupied, or in other words did not pay rent (though they may have a mortgage or a rent-to-own agreement). Lugano_sentence_171

As of 2000, there were 23,168 private households in the municipality, and an average of 2. persons per household. Lugano_sentence_172

In 2000 there were 489 single family homes (or 20.6% of the total) out of a total of 2,372 inhabited buildings. Lugano_sentence_173

There were 214 two family buildings (9.0%) and 1,046 multi-family buildings (44.1%). Lugano_sentence_174

There were also 623 buildings in the municipality that were multipurpose buildings (used for both housing and commercial or another purpose). Lugano_sentence_175

The vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2008, was 0.64%. Lugano_sentence_176

In 2000 there were 16,333 apartments in the municipality. Lugano_sentence_177

The most common apartment size was the 3 room apartment of which there were 5,398. Lugano_sentence_178

There were 1,811 single room apartments and 2,019 apartments with five or more rooms. Lugano_sentence_179

Of these apartments, a total of 13,342 apartments (81.7% of the total) were permanently occupied, while 2,485 apartments (15.2%) were seasonally occupied and 506 apartments (3.1%) were empty. Lugano_sentence_180

As of 2007, the construction rate of new housing units was 3.3 new units per 1000 residents. Lugano_sentence_181

As of 2003 the average price to rent an average apartment in Lugano was 1073.49 Swiss francs (CHF) per month (US$860, £480, €690 approx. Lugano_sentence_182

exchange rate from 2003). Lugano_sentence_183

The average rate for a one-room apartment was 623.12 CHF (US$500, £280, €400), a two-room apartment was about 809.81 CHF (US$650, £360, €520), a three-room apartment was about 1030.53 CHF (US$820, £460, €660) and a six or more room apartment cost an average of 1890.13 CHF (US$1510, £850, €1210). Lugano_sentence_184

The average apartment price in Lugano was 96.2% of the national average of 1116 CHF. Lugano_sentence_185

Historic population Lugano_section_18

The population of the original town of Lugano (not including the municipalities added after 1972) is given in this chart: Lugano_sentence_186

Religion Lugano_section_19

From the 2000 census, 18,035 or 67.9% were Roman Catholic, while 1,517 or 5.7% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Lugano_sentence_187

There are 4,714 individuals (or about 17.75% of the population) who belong to another church (not listed on the census), and 2,294 individuals (or about 8.64% of the population) did not answer the question. Lugano_sentence_188

Economy Lugano_section_20

As of  2007, Lugano had an unemployment rate of 5.59%. Lugano_sentence_189

As of 2005, there were 77 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 28 businesses involved in this sector. Lugano_sentence_190

3,520 people were employed in the secondary sector and there were 420 businesses in this sector. Lugano_sentence_191

33,601 people were employed in the tertiary sector, with 3,877 businesses in this sector. Lugano_sentence_192

There were 12,191 residents of the municipality who were employed in some capacity, of which females made up 45.9% of the workforce. Lugano_sentence_193

In 2000, there were 28,174 workers who commuted into the municipality and 3,994 workers who commuted away. Lugano_sentence_194

Lugano is the economic center of the region and draws about 7.1 workers into the municipality for every one leaving. Lugano_sentence_195

About 12.4% of the workforce coming into Lugano are coming from outside Switzerland, while 1.6% of the locals commute out of Switzerland for work. Lugano_sentence_196

Of the working population, 15.2% used public transportation to get to work, and 44.6% used a private car. Lugano_sentence_197

As of 2009, there were 43 hotels in Lugano with a total of 1,584 rooms and 2,889 beds. Lugano_sentence_198

The airline Darwin Airline, operating under the brand name Etihad Regional since January 2014, has its head office on the grounds of Lugano Airport in Agno, near Lugano. Lugano_sentence_199

Tourism Lugano_section_21

Lugano is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Switzerland. Lugano_sentence_200

The town is home to a number of historic buildings and museums, whilst the surrounding area has many natural sights. Lugano_sentence_201

Both Lake Lugano and the surrounding mountains provide a wide variety of outdoor activities. Lugano_sentence_202

The area surrounding Lugano is home to over 300 kilometres (190 mi) of mountain biking trails, the largest net of trails in Switzerland. Lugano_sentence_203

Heritage sites of national significance Lugano_section_22

There are 17 sites in Lugano that are part of the Swiss heritage site of national significance. Lugano_sentence_204

The town of Lugano, the districts of Barbengo, Brè, Gandria and Biogno, and the sites of Cantine di Gandria and Castagnola are all part of the Inventory of Swiss Heritage Sites. Lugano_sentence_205

The heritage sites of national significance include two libraries, the Biblioteca Cantonale and the Biblioteca Salita dei Frati as well as the Swiss National Recording Archives (Fonoteca nazionale svizzera). Lugano_sentence_206

There were three churches; Cathedral of San Lorenzo, Church of Santa Maria degli Angioli and the Church of San Rocco. Lugano_sentence_207

There were three museums; the Museo Cantonale d'Arte [], the Museo cantonale di storia naturale di Lugano [] and the Villa Ciani complex with the 'Museo civico. Lugano_sentence_208

The cemetery complex at via Trevano is also one of the sites, as is the Radiotelevisione svizzera di lingua italiana (RTSI) Italian-language broadcast facility. Lugano_sentence_209

The rest of the sites are notable houses throughout the town. Lugano_sentence_210

They include; the Palazzo civico at piazza della Riforma, the Palazzo e cinema Corso at via Pioda, the Palazzo Riva at via Francesco Soave, the Palazzo Riva at via Massimiliano Magatti, the Palazzo Riva at via Pretorio 7 and Villa Favorita in Castagnola. Lugano_sentence_211

Lugano_unordered_list_0

  • Lugano_item_0_0
  • Lugano_item_0_1
  • Lugano_item_0_2
  • Lugano_item_0_3
  • Lugano_item_0_4
  • Lugano_item_0_5

Natural sights Lugano_section_23

A very popular destination in Lugano is Lake Lugano. Lugano_sentence_212

The lake is 48.7 square kilometres (18.8 sq mi) in size, 63% of which is in Switzerland and 37% in Italy. Lugano_sentence_213

It has an average width of roughly 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) and is nearly 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) at its widest. Lugano_sentence_214

The maximum depth of the lake is 279 meters (915 ft). Lugano_sentence_215

The water is generally warm with average water temperatures in the summer ranging from 19.5 °C (67.1 °F) to 24.0 °C (75.2 °F). Lugano_sentence_216

Several companies provide tourist boat services on the lake. Lugano_sentence_217

A popular excursion is by boat to the picturesque lakeside village of Gandria. Lugano_sentence_218

Additionally there are numerous shipyards, water taxis and boat rental sites along the lake, as well as hotels and restaurants that offer moorings. Lugano_sentence_219

Bathing in the lake is allowed at any of the 50 or so bathing establishments located along the Swiss shores. Lugano_sentence_220

In addition to the lake, Lugano is surrounded by mountains, which provide a number of opportunities for sports or sightseeing. Lugano_sentence_221

Two mountains, both providing excellent views over the town and lake, bracket each end of the town's waterfront. Lugano_sentence_222

Monte Brè (933 metres (3,061 ft)), to the north, is reputedly Switzerland's sunniest spot and is also home to the old village of Brè. Lugano_sentence_223

Monte San Salvatore (912 metres (2,992 ft)), to the south, has an old church and museum atop its summit. Lugano_sentence_224

Both mountains are accessible by funicular railways, which are themselves easily accessible by frequent town bus or by car. Lugano_sentence_225

Slightly further afield is Monte Generoso (1,704 metres (5,591 ft)), with a view that encompasses the lakes of Lugano, Como and Maggiore, as well as the Alps from the Matterhorn to the Bernina Range, the Lombardy Plains, and, on a clear day, the city of Milan. Lugano_sentence_226

The summit can be reached by taking either an SNL boat, or a railway train, to Capolago, and changing there onto a rack railway train of the Monte Generoso Railway. Lugano_sentence_227

Buildings Lugano_section_24

Lugano_unordered_list_1

  • St. Lawrence Cathedral (9th and 15th century)Lugano_item_1_6
  • St. Mary of the Angels Church (16th century) with the fresco of the Christ's Passion from Bernardino LuiniLugano_item_1_7
  • Parco civico – Villa CianiLugano_item_1_8
  • Piazza della RiformaLugano_item_1_9
  • Villa FavoritaLugano_item_1_10
  • San Rocco ChurchLugano_item_1_11

Museums Lugano_section_25

Lugano_unordered_list_2

  • LAC (Lugano Art and Culture), the cultural centre dedicated to visual arts, music and performing artsLugano_item_2_12
  • Museo delle Culture (Museum of Cultures)Lugano_item_2_13
  • MASI (Art Museum of Southern Switzerland)Lugano_item_2_14
  • Foundation Aligi Sassu and Helenita OlivaresLugano_item_2_15
  • Historical MuseumLugano_item_2_16
  • Cantonal Museum on Natural HistoryLugano_item_2_17
  • Swiss Customs MuseumLugano_item_2_18
  • Municipal Art MuseumLugano_item_2_19
  • Wilhelm Schmid MuseumLugano_item_2_20
  • Hermann Hesse MuseumLugano_item_2_21
  • Alprose Chocolate Museum (Chocoland)Lugano_item_2_22

Education and research Lugano_section_26

In Lugano about 63.7% of the population (between age 25–64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a University of Applied Sciences). Lugano_sentence_228

In Lugano there were a total of 7,931 students (as of 2009). Lugano_sentence_229

The Ticino education system provides up to three years of non-mandatory kindergarten and in Lugano there were 1,356 children in kindergarten. Lugano_sentence_230

The primary school program lasts for five years and includes both a standard school and a special school. Lugano_sentence_231

In the municipality, 2,280 students attended the standard primary schools and 129 students attended the special school. Lugano_sentence_232

In the lower secondary school system, students either attend a two-year middle school followed by a two-year pre-apprenticeship or they attend a four-year program to prepare for higher education. Lugano_sentence_233

There were 1,932 students in the two-year middle school and 47 in their pre-apprenticeship, while 884 students were in the four-year advanced program. Lugano_sentence_234

The upper secondary school includes several options, but at the end of the upper secondary program, a student will be prepared to enter a trade or to continue on to a university or college. Lugano_sentence_235

In Ticino, vocational students may either attend school while working on their internship or apprenticeship (which takes three or four years) or may attend school followed by an internship or apprenticeship (which takes one year as a full-time student or one and a half to two years as a part-time student). Lugano_sentence_236

There were 492 vocational students who were attending school full-time and 722 who attend part-time. Lugano_sentence_237

The professional program lasts three years and prepares a student for a job in engineering, nursing, computer science, business, tourism and similar fields. Lugano_sentence_238

There were 89 students in the professional program. Lugano_sentence_239

As of 2000, there were 3,537 students in Lugano who came from another municipality, while 887 residents attended schools outside the municipality. Lugano_sentence_240

Lugano is home to 2 libraries. Lugano_sentence_241

These libraries include; the Biblioteca universitaria di Lugano and the Biblioteca cantonale Lugano. Lugano_sentence_242

There was a combined total (as of 2008) of 448,811 books or other media in the libraries, and in the same year a total of 51,740 items were loaned out. Lugano_sentence_243

Some of the schools and colleges in Lugano include: Lugano_sentence_244

Lugano_unordered_list_3

Transport Lugano_section_27

Air Lugano_section_28

Lugano is served by Lugano Airport, in the nearby municipality of Agno. Lugano_sentence_245

Currently, only Silver Air and Swiss Airlines operate to Lugano Airport. Lugano_sentence_246

While there is limited service to Lugano's airport, Milan's airports are not that far away and provide access to a greater number of worldwide locations. Lugano_sentence_247

Railways Lugano_section_29

Lugano's railway station is situated on the historically and concurrently important Gotthard railway line, which links northern Switzerland with Ticino and Italy. Lugano_sentence_248

Long-distance trains of the Swiss Federal Railways (SBB CFF FFS), together with international trains of Trenitalia, connect Lugano with the cities of northern Switzerland and with southern Milan. Lugano_sentence_249

Since the inauguration of the Gotthard Base Tunnel in 2016 train connections between cities in Northern Switzerland, such as Zürich, Luzern and Basel, and cities in the south, such as Bellinzona, Lugano, and Milan got even closer – they almost entirely circumvent the Alps. Lugano_sentence_250

Connections to Bellinzona and the northern Swiss cities will even further improve with the opening of the Ceneri Base Tunnel in December 2020. Lugano_sentence_251

A two-hourly RegionalExpress RE connects Lugano with the local towns and villages on the historic Gotthard route with the northern ones on the other side of the Ceneri, such as Bellinzona and Biasca, where the fast trains enter the world's longest railway tunnel in order to underpass the Alps, and further up through the Valle Leventina up to Airolo and through the old Gotthard Tunnel (1,151 metres (3,776 feet)) to the German-speaking northern villages in Uri as far as Erstfeld. Lugano_sentence_252

Lugano is also served by several lines of regional trains of the Treni Regionali Ticino Lombardia (TILO) network which operate in the canton of Ticino and northern Lombardia, Italy. Lugano_sentence_253

Since August 2018 TILO's S50 connects Bellinzona and Lugano with Malpensa Airport once every hour with a travel time of 1:45h from/to Lugano. Lugano_sentence_254

The S10 service connects Lugano once every half hour with the local towns and villages on the historic Gotthard route between southern Chiasso and northern Bellinzona. Lugano_sentence_255

The RegionalExpress RE10 connects Lugano and Chiasso with Milano Centrale railway station in addition to the international long-distance trains in order to provide a fast connection once every hour; sometimes prolonged upwards to Bellinzona and Airolo, or even Erstfeld. Lugano_sentence_256

Additionally, the metre gauge (3 ft 3 ⁄8 in gauge) Lugano-Ponte Tresa Railway (FLP) connects Lugano as the S60 from platform 11 outside the main building with the regional Lugano Airport and Ponte Tresa. Lugano_sentence_257

From April until mid October, the tourist oriented Gotthard Panorama Express connects Lucerne with Lugano once a day via boat on the Lake Lucerne and then per train over the historic Gotthard route through the old, 500 metres (1,600 ft) higher situated Gotthard Tunnel. Lugano_sentence_258

Lugano is also served by three funicular railways. Lugano_sentence_259

The Funicolare Città–Stazione, which has recently been renewed, is a short line connecting Lugano railway station to the lower town centre at the lake, whilst the Funicolare Monte Brè and the Funicolare Monte San Salvatore ascend nearby hills to vantage points. Lugano_sentence_260

A fourth funicular, the Funicolare degli Angioli, still exists but has not operated since 1986. Lugano_sentence_261

Road Lugano_section_30

Lugano is located along the A2 motorway, a part of the European route E35 which over 1,600 km (990 mi) between Amsterdam and Rome. Lugano_sentence_262

The Trasporti Pubblici Luganesi (TPL) operate frequent inner town buses throughout Lugano and some of its closer neighbours. Lugano_sentence_263

The Autolinee Regionali Luganesi (ARL) runs buses connecting Lugano with the districts of Davesco, Sonvico and the towns of Canobbio, Lamone and Tesserete, whilst the Società Navigazione del Lago di Lugano (SNL) runs buses to the district of Gandria and Campione d'Italia. Lugano_sentence_264

TPL, ARL and SNL services operate from the Lugano Centro bus station. Lugano_sentence_265

Longer distance buses, as well as some local buses, are operated by PostBus Switzerland, known locally as the AutoPostale. Lugano_sentence_266

Its Palm Express service connects Lugano railway station to St. Lugano_sentence_267 Moritz. Lugano_sentence_268

Other AutoPostale buses operate from an underground bus station and ticket office, located at Via Balestra 4 in the centre of Lugano. Lugano_sentence_269

ASF Autolinee, an Italian bus company, operates an international bus route from Lugano to Menaggio, on the shores of Lake Como. Lugano_sentence_270

Shipping Lugano_section_31

Boats of the Società Navigazione del Lago di Lugano provide services on Lake Lugano. Lugano_sentence_271

Whilst these are principally provided for tourist purposes, they also connect Lugano with other lakeside communities. Lugano_sentence_272

Several of the landing points are within the sparsely populated section of the municipality that lies on the east side of lake, and have no road access. Lugano_sentence_273

Culture Lugano_section_32

Lugano hosts the Swiss National Sound Archives, responsible for safeguarding the sound heritage of Switzerland. Lugano_sentence_274

The Palazzo dei Congressi is the performing arts center for Lugano. Lugano_sentence_275

It is a main venue for the Orchestra della Svizzera Italiana. Lugano_sentence_276

The Blues-to-Bop Festival arrives in late August and early September turns the town into a hive of activity as thousands crowd the streets and piazzas for free open-air concerts. Lugano_sentence_277

In 1956, the Teatro Kursaal in Lugano hosted the first Eurovision Song Contest. Lugano_sentence_278

The MASI (Museo d'Arte della Svizzera italiana) has two parallel objectives: the conservation and study of the Museum's permanent collection, which is above all made up of works belonging to the 19th and 20th centuries; and the planning and presentation of temporary exhibitions. Lugano_sentence_279

It focuses on art of the cantons of Ticino and Graubünden (Grigioni in Italian) and present artists from the region on a regular basis. Lugano_sentence_280

The district of Brè-Aldesago offers its visitors charming corners created by its characteristic stone buildings. Lugano_sentence_281

The cobble stone streets of the town offer art enthusiasts an artistic path that is very interesting both because of the presence of national and international "names" and the combination of art and the environment. Lugano_sentence_282

Sports Lugano_section_33

Hockey Club Lugano (HCL) plays in the National League (NL). Lugano_sentence_283

They play at the Resega arena and have won seven national titles, having participated twice in the European Cup final round and once in the top four final in Euroleague. Lugano_sentence_284

In 1991, Lugano reached the final of the famous Spengler Cup and twice reached third place in the IIHF Continental Cup Superfinal. Lugano_sentence_285

FC Lugano plays in the Swiss Super League. Lugano_sentence_286

They play at the Stadio Cornaredo and won the Swiss title in 1938, 1941 and 1949 and the Swiss Cup in 1931, 1968 and 1993. Lugano_sentence_287

The Stadio Cornaredo is the largest stadium in Lugano, with space for 15,000 people. Lugano_sentence_288

It hosted the Italy-Belgium match at the 1954 FIFA World Cup. Lugano_sentence_289

According to some sources, Lugano is the smallest town ever to hold a World Cup match. Lugano_sentence_290

Around the soccer field there is a gravel lane used during athletic contests and that, outside of official match and training hours, can be used by joggers free of charge. Lugano_sentence_291

Next to the stadium are three small training fields. Lugano_sentence_292

There are also two artificial grass fields: one for field hockey and one for soccer. Lugano_sentence_293

There is also a skate park next to the stadium. Lugano_sentence_294

BC Lugano Tigers (former Basket Club Lugano) plays in the Swiss National League A (LNA). Lugano_sentence_295

They play at the Elvetico gym, won the Swiss Cup in 2011 and have been Swiss LNA Champions in 2000, 2001, 2006 and 2010. Lugano_sentence_296

Lugano annually hosts the 20-kilometre (12 mi) racewalk Gran Premio Città di Lugano Memorial Albisetti and the Ladies Open Lugano, an International level WTA tennis tournament. Lugano_sentence_297

The town hosted the 1953 and 1996 UCI Road World Championships, as well as the 18th Chess Olympiad. Lugano_sentence_298

Notable people Lugano_section_34

People born in Lugano Lugano_section_35

Lugano_description_list_4

Lugano_unordered_list_5

Lugano_description_list_6

Lugano_unordered_list_7

Lugano_description_list_8

Lugano_unordered_list_9

  • Leonardo Conti MD (1900–1945) the Reich Health Leader in Nazi GermanyLugano_item_9_39
  • Romano Amerio (1905–1997) a Roman Catholic theologianLugano_item_9_40
  • Niccolò Tucci (1908–1999) a short story writer and novelist who wrote in English and ItalianLugano_item_9_41
  • Lauro Amadò (1912–1971) also known as Lajo, a Swiss football player, played 54 games for the Swiss national football teamLugano_item_9_42
  • Mario Agliati (1922–2011) a Swiss-Italian journalist, writer and historianLugano_item_9_43
  • Mario Comensoli (1922–1993) a Swiss painter of the realist movementLugano_item_9_44
  • Sergio Mantegazza (born 1927) a Swiss-Italian businessman, chairman and owner of Globus a multinational travel company.Lugano_item_9_45
  • Duilio Arigoni (born 1928) a Swiss chemist, works on the biosynthetic pathways of many organic natural substancesLugano_item_9_46
  • Tito Tettamanti (born 1930) a Swiss lawyer, politician, and entrepreneurLugano_item_9_47
  • Pietro Balestra (1935–2005) a Swiss economist specializing in econometricsLugano_item_9_48
  • Franco Ambrosetti (born 1941) a jazz trumpeter, flugelhornist and composerLugano_item_9_49
  • Christian Giordano (born 1945) a Swiss anthropologist and sociologistLugano_item_9_50
  • Giorgio Giudici (born 1945) a Swiss architect and politician, Mayor of Lugano 1984–2013Lugano_item_9_51
  • Romolo Nottaris (born 1946) a Swiss rock climber, mountaineer and author of documentary filmsLugano_item_9_52
  • Chiara Banchini (born 1946) Swiss Baroque violinistLugano_item_9_53
  • Georg Heinrich Thyssen-Bornemisza (born 1950), managerLugano_item_9_54
  • Luca Pianca (born 1958) a Swiss musician-lutenist whose specialty is archluteLugano_item_9_55
  • Diego Fasolis (born 1958) a Swiss classical organist and conductorLugano_item_9_56
  • Marco Borradori (born 1959) a Swiss lawyer and politician, Mayor of Lugano since 2013Lugano_item_9_57
  • Mauro Gianetti (born 1964) a Swiss directeur sportif, former professional riderLugano_item_9_58
  • Gianluca Barilari (born 1964) head coach of the Swiss national basketball teamLugano_item_9_59
  • Carlo Bonzanigo (born 1966) an Italian and Swiss car designer, works for Pininfarina and for Citroen Design.Lugano_item_9_60
  • Hardy Krüger junior (born 1968), German actorLugano_item_9_61
  • Antonio Esposito (born 1972) is Swiss-Italian former footballer, 320 gamesLugano_item_9_62
  • Christian Rebecchi (born 1980) a Swiss painter and sculptor of the NEVERCREW artists duoLugano_item_9_63
  • Alberto Regazzoni (born 1983) a footballer, over 440 games and 3 for the national sideLugano_item_9_64

People who lived or died in Lugano Lugano_section_36

Lugano_description_list_10

Lugano_unordered_list_11

  • Mikhail Bakunin (1814–1876) a Russian revolutionary anarchist and founder of collectivist anarchismLugano_item_11_65
  • Enrico Bignami (1844–1921) an Italian merchant and editor of La Plebe, a socialist newspaperLugano_item_11_66
  • Ferdinando Fontana (1850–1919) an Italian journalist, dramatist, poet and committed, passionate socialistLugano_item_11_67
  • Hans Kundt (1869–1939) a German military officer, the primary military figure of BoliviaLugano_item_11_68
  • Heinrich Thyssen (1875–1947) a German-Hungarian entrepreneur and art collectorLugano_item_11_69
  • Hermann Hesse (1877–1962), author and philosopher, won the Nobel Prize in 1946Lugano_item_11_70
  • Jurgis Šaulys (1879–1948) a Lithuanian economist, diplomat and politician; one of the twenty signatories to the 1918 Act of Independence of LithuaniaLugano_item_11_71
  • Alfred Neumann (1895–1952) a German writer of novels, stories, poems, plays and filmsLugano_item_11_72

Lugano_description_list_12

Lugano_unordered_list_13

  • Rudolf Caracciola (1901–1959), German racing driverLugano_item_13_73
  • Gustav Fröhlich (1902–1987) a German actor and film directorLugano_item_13_74
  • Ernst Marlier (1875–1948), German pharmaceutical manufacturer who built the Wannsee Villa, venue of the Wannsee Conference.Lugano_item_13_75
  • Mariuccia Medici (1910–2012) an Italian-born Swiss actress on TV and in the theaterLugano_item_13_76
  • Mina (born 1940) (Anna Maria Mazzini) Italian singerLugano_item_13_77
  • Steve Reid (1944–2010) an American jazz drummer and session drummer for MotownLugano_item_13_78
  • Robert Palmer (1949–2003) an English singer-songwriter, musician and record producerLugano_item_13_79
  • Behxhet Pacolli (born 1951) former President of Kosovo, businessman with Mabetex GroupLugano_item_13_80
  • Ivo Pogorelić (born 1958) a Croatian pianistLugano_item_13_81
  • Johann Sebastian Paetsch (born 1964) an American cellist and musicianLugano_item_13_82
  • Anna Kravtchenko (born 1976) a Ukrainian classical pianist with an international careerLugano_item_13_83
  • Alberto Contador (born 1982), Spanish professional cyclist, winner of the Tour de France, Vuelta a España and Giro d'ItaliaLugano_item_13_84
  • Nicole Cooke MBE (born 1983) a Welsh former professional road bicycle racer, Commonwealth, Olympic and World road race championLugano_item_13_85

See also Lugano_section_37

Lugano_unordered_list_14


Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lugano.