Madison Square Garden

From Wikipedia for FEVERv2
Jump to navigation Jump to search

This article is about the current New York arena, opened since 1968. Madison Square Garden_sentence_0

For other uses, see Madison Square Garden (disambiguation). Madison Square Garden_sentence_1

"M.S.G." Madison Square Garden_sentence_2

redirects here. Madison Square Garden_sentence_3

For other uses, see MSG (disambiguation). Madison Square Garden_sentence_4

Madison Square Garden_table_infobox_0

Madison Square GardenMadison Square Garden_table_caption_0
AddressMadison Square Garden_header_cell_0_0_0 4 Pennsylvania PlazaMadison Square Garden_cell_0_0_1
LocationMadison Square Garden_header_cell_0_1_0 New York, New YorkMadison Square Garden_cell_0_1_1
CoordinatesMadison Square Garden_header_cell_0_2_0 Madison Square Garden_cell_0_2_1
Public transitMadison Square Garden_header_cell_0_3_0 Metropolitan_Transportation_Authority New York City Subway:

Port_Authority_Trans-Hudson PATH: 33rd Street

Metropolitan_Transportation_Authority New York City Bus: M4, M7, M20, M34 SBS, M34A SBS, Q32 busesMadison Square Garden_cell_0_3_1

OwnerMadison Square Garden_header_cell_0_4_0 Madison Square Garden EntertainmentMadison Square Garden_cell_0_4_1
CapacityMadison Square Garden_header_cell_0_5_0 Basketball: 19,812

Ice hockey: 18,006 Pro wrestling: 18,500 Concerts: 20,000 Boxing: 20,789 Hulu Theater: 5,600Madison Square Garden_cell_0_5_1

Field sizeMadison Square Garden_header_cell_0_6_0 820,000 sq ft (76,000 m)Madison Square Garden_cell_0_6_1
ConstructionMadison Square Garden_header_cell_0_7_0
Broke groundMadison Square Garden_header_cell_0_8_0 October 29, 1964Madison Square Garden_cell_0_8_1
OpenedMadison Square Garden_header_cell_0_9_0 Former locations: 1879, 1890, 1925

Current location: February 11, 1968Madison Square Garden_cell_0_9_1

RenovatedMadison Square Garden_header_cell_0_10_0 1989–1991, 2011–2013Madison Square Garden_cell_0_10_1
Construction costMadison Square Garden_header_cell_0_11_0 $123 million

Renovation: 1991: $200 million Total cost: $1.19 billion in 2020Madison Square Garden_cell_0_11_1

ArchitectMadison Square Garden_header_cell_0_12_0 Charles Luckman Associates

Brisbin Brook Beynon ArchitectsMadison Square Garden_cell_0_12_1

Structural engineerMadison Square Garden_header_cell_0_13_0 Severud AssociatesMadison Square Garden_cell_0_13_1
Services engineerMadison Square Garden_header_cell_0_14_0 Syska & Hennessy, Inc.Madison Square Garden_cell_0_14_1
General contractorMadison Square Garden_header_cell_0_15_0 Turner/Del E. WebbMadison Square Garden_cell_0_15_1
TenantsMadison Square Garden_header_cell_0_16_0
WebsiteMadison Square Garden_header_cell_0_17_0

Madison Square Garden, colloquially known as The Garden or in initials as MSG, is a multi-purpose indoor arena in New York City. Madison Square Garden_sentence_5

Located in Midtown Manhattan between 7th and 8th Avenues from 31st to 33rd Streets, it is situated atop Pennsylvania Station. Madison Square Garden_sentence_6

It is the fourth venue to bear the name "Madison Square Garden"; the first two (1879 and 1890) were located on Madison Square, on East 26th Street and Madison Avenue, with the third Madison Square Garden (1925) further uptown at Eighth Avenue and 50th Street. Madison Square Garden_sentence_7

The Garden is used for professional ice hockey and basketball, as well as boxing, concerts, ice shows, circuses, professional wrestling and other forms of sports and entertainment. Madison Square Garden_sentence_8

It is close to other midtown Manhattan landmarks, including the Empire State Building, Koreatown, and Macy's at Herald Square. Madison Square Garden_sentence_9

It is home to the New York Rangers of the National Hockey League (NHL), the New York Knicks of the National Basketball Association (NBA), and was home to the New York Liberty (WNBA) from 1997 to 2017. Madison Square Garden_sentence_10

Originally called Madison Square Garden Center, the Garden opened on February 11, 1968, and is the oldest major sporting facility in the New York metropolitan area. Madison Square Garden_sentence_11

It is the oldest arena in the National Hockey League and the National Basketball Association. Madison Square Garden_sentence_12

In 2016, MSG was the second-busiest music arena in the world in terms of ticket sales, behind The O2 Arena in London. Madison Square Garden_sentence_13

Including two major renovations, its total construction cost is approximately $1.1 billion, and it has been ranked as one of the 10 most expensive stadium venues ever built. Madison Square Garden_sentence_14

It is part of the Pennsylvania Plaza office and retail complex, named for the railway station. Madison Square Garden_sentence_15

Several other operating entities related to the Garden share its name. Madison Square Garden_sentence_16

History Madison Square Garden_section_0

Previous Gardens Madison Square Garden_section_1

Madison Square is formed by the intersection of 5th Avenue and Broadway at 23rd Street in Manhattan. Madison Square Garden_sentence_17

It was named after James Madison, fourth President of the United States. Madison Square Garden_sentence_18

Two venues called Madison Square Garden were located just northeast of the square, the first from 1879 to 1890, and the second from 1890 to 1925. Madison Square Garden_sentence_19

The first Garden, leased to P. Madison Square Garden_sentence_20 T. Barnum, had no roof and was inconvenient to use during inclement weather, so it was demolished after 11 years. Madison Square Garden_sentence_21

Madison Square Garden II was designed by noted architect Stanford White. Madison Square Garden_sentence_22

The new building was built by a syndicate which included J. Madison Square Garden_sentence_23 P. Morgan, Andrew Carnegie, P. Madison Square Garden_sentence_24 T. Barnum, Darius Mills, James Stillman and W. Madison Square Garden_sentence_25 W. Astor. Madison Square Garden_sentence_26

White gave them a Beaux-Arts structure with a Moorish feel, including a minaret-like tower modeled after Giralda, the bell tower of the Cathedral of Seville – soaring 32 stories – the city's second tallest building at the time – dominating Madison Square Park. Madison Square Garden_sentence_27

It was 200 feet (61 m) by 485 feet (148 m), and the main hall, which was the largest in the world, measured 200 feet (61 m) by 350 feet (110 m), with permanent seating for 8,000 people and floor space for thousands more. Madison Square Garden_sentence_28

It had a 1,200-seat theatre, a concert hall with a capacity of 1,500, the largest restaurant in the city and a roof garden cabaret. Madison Square Garden_sentence_29

The building cost $3 million. Madison Square Garden_sentence_30

Madison Square Garden II was unsuccessful like the first Garden, and the New York Life Insurance Company, which held the mortgage on it, decided to tear it down in 1925 to make way for a new headquarters building, which would become the landmark Cass Gilbert-designed New York Life Building. Madison Square Garden_sentence_31

A third Madison Square Garden opened in a new location, on 8th Avenue between 49th and 50th Streets, from 1925 to 1968. Madison Square Garden_sentence_32

Groundbreaking on the third Madison Square Garden took place on January 9, 1925. Madison Square Garden_sentence_33

Designed by the noted theater architect Thomas W. Lamb, it was built at the cost of $4.75 million in 249 days by boxing promoter Tex Rickard; the arena was dubbed "The House That Tex Built." Madison Square Garden_sentence_34

The arena was 200 feet (61 m) by 375 feet (114 m), with seating on three levels, and a maximum capacity of 18,496 spectators for boxing. Madison Square Garden_sentence_35

Demolition commenced in 1968 after the opening of the current Garden, and was completed in early 1969. Madison Square Garden_sentence_36

The site is now the location of One Worldwide Plaza. Madison Square Garden_sentence_37

Current Garden Madison Square Garden_section_2

In February 1959, Graham-Paige purchased a 40% interest in the Madison Square Garden for $4 million and later gained control. Madison Square Garden_sentence_38

In November 1960, Graham-Paige president Irving Mitchell Felt purchased from the Pennsylvania Railroad the rights to build at Penn Station. Madison Square Garden_sentence_39

To build the new facility, the above-ground portions of the original Pennsylvania Station were torn down. Madison Square Garden_sentence_40

The new structure was one of the first of its kind to be built above the platforms of an active railroad station. Madison Square Garden_sentence_41

It was an engineering feat constructed by Robert E. McKee of El Paso, Texas. Madison Square Garden_sentence_42

Public outcry over the demolition of the Pennsylvania Station structure—an outstanding example of Beaux-Arts architecture—led to the creation of the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission. Madison Square Garden_sentence_43

The venue opened on February 11, 1968. Madison Square Garden_sentence_44

Comparing the new and the old Penn Station, Yale architectural historian Vincent Scully wrote, "One entered the city like a god; one scuttles in now like a rat." Madison Square Garden_sentence_45

In 1972, Felt proposed moving the Knicks and Rangers to a then incomplete venue in the New Jersey Meadowlands, the Meadowlands Sports Complex. Madison Square Garden_sentence_46

The Garden was also the home arena for the NY Raiders/NY Golden Blades of the World Hockey Association. Madison Square Garden_sentence_47

The Meadowlands would eventually host its own NBA and NHL teams, the New Jersey Nets and the New Jersey Devils, respectively. Madison Square Garden_sentence_48

The New York Giants and Jets of the National Football League (NFL) also relocated there. Madison Square Garden_sentence_49

In 1977, the arena was sold to Gulf and Western Industries. Madison Square Garden_sentence_50

Felt's efforts fueled controversy between the Garden and New York City over real estate taxes. Madison Square Garden_sentence_51

The disagreement again flared in 1980 when the Garden again challenged its tax bill. Madison Square Garden_sentence_52

The arena, since the 1980s, has since enjoyed tax-free status, under the condition that all Knicks and Rangers home games must be hosted at MSG, lest it lose this exemption. Madison Square Garden_sentence_53

As such, when the Rangers have played neutral-site games—even those in New York City, such as the 2018 NHL Winter Classic, they have always been designated as the visiting team. Madison Square Garden_sentence_54

Garden owners spent $200 million in 1991 to renovate facilities and add 89 suites in place of hundreds of upper-tier seats. Madison Square Garden_sentence_55

The project was designed by Ellerbe Becket. Madison Square Garden_sentence_56

In 2004–2005, Cablevision battled with the City of New York over the proposed West Side Stadium, which was cancelled. Madison Square Garden_sentence_57

Cablevision then announced plans to raze the Garden, replace it with high-rise commercial buildings, and build a new Garden one block away at the site of the James Farley Post Office. Madison Square Garden_sentence_58

Meanwhile, a new project to renovate and modernize the Garden completed phase one in time for the Rangers and Knicks' 2011–12 seasons, though the vice president of the Garden says he remains committed to the installation of an extension of Penn Station at the Farley Post Office site. Madison Square Garden_sentence_59

While the Knicks and Rangers were not displaced, the New York Liberty played at the Prudential Center in Newark, New Jersey during the renovation. Madison Square Garden_sentence_60

Madison Square Garden is the last of the NBA and NHL arenas to not be named after a corporate sponsor. Madison Square Garden_sentence_61

Joe Louis Plaza Madison Square Garden_section_3

In 1984, the four streets immediately surrounding the Garden were designated as Joe Louis Plaza, in honor of boxer Joe Louis, who had made eight successful title defenses in the previous Madison Square Garden. Madison Square Garden_sentence_62

2011–2013 renovation Madison Square Garden_section_4

Madison Square Garden's $1 billion second renovation took place mainly over three offseasons. Madison Square Garden_sentence_63

It was set to begin after the 2009–10 hockey/basketball seasons, but was delayed until after the 2010–11 seasons. Madison Square Garden_sentence_64

Renovation was done in phases with the majority of the work done in the summer months to minimize disruptions to the NHL and NBA seasons. Madison Square Garden_sentence_65

While the Rangers and Knicks were not displaced, the Liberty played their home games through the 2013 season at Prudential Center in Newark, New Jersey, during the renovation. Madison Square Garden_sentence_66

New features include a larger entrance with interactive kiosks, retail, climate-controlled space, and broadcast studio; larger concourses; new lighting and LED video systems with HDTV; new seating; two new pedestrian walkways suspended from the ceiling to allow fans to look directly down onto the games being played below; more dining options; and improved dressing rooms, locker rooms, green rooms, upgraded roof, and production offices. Madison Square Garden_sentence_67

The lower bowl concourse, called the Madison Concourse, remains on the 6th floor. Madison Square Garden_sentence_68

The upper bowl concourse was relocated to the 8th floor and it is known as the Garden Concourse. Madison Square Garden_sentence_69

The 7th floor houses the new Madison Suites and the Madison Club. Madison Square Garden_sentence_70

The upper bowl was built on top of these suites. Madison Square Garden_sentence_71

The rebuilt concourses are wider than their predecessors, and include large windows that offer views of the city streets around the Garden. Madison Square Garden_sentence_72

Construction of the lower bowl (Phase 1) was completed for the 2011–12 NHL season and the 2011–12 NBA lockout shortened season. Madison Square Garden_sentence_73

An extended off-season for the Garden permitted some advanced work to begin on the new upper bowl, which was completed in time for the 2012–13 NBA season and the 2012–13 NHL lockout-shortened NHL season. Madison Square Garden_sentence_74

This advance work included the West Balcony on the 10th floor, taking the place of sky-boxes, and new end-ice 300 level seating. Madison Square Garden_sentence_75

The construction of the upper bowl along with the Madison Suites and the Madison Club (Phase 2) were completed for the 2012–13 NHL and NBA seasons. Madison Square Garden_sentence_76

The construction of the new lobby known as Chase Square, along with the Chase Bridges and the new scoreboard (Phase 3) were completed for the 2013–14 NHL and NBA seasons. Madison Square Garden_sentence_77

Penn Station renovation controversy Madison Square Garden_section_5

Madison Square Garden is seen as an obstacle in the renovation and future expansion of Penn Station, which is already expanding through the James Farley Post Office, and some have proposed moving MSG to other sites in western Manhattan. Madison Square Garden_sentence_78

On February 15, 2013, Manhattan Community Board 5 voted 36–0 against granting a renewal to MSG's operating permit in perpetuity and proposed a 10-year limit instead in order to build a new Penn Station where the arena is currently standing. Madison Square Garden_sentence_79

Manhattan borough president Scott Stringer said, "Moving the arena is an important first step to improving Penn Station." Madison Square Garden_sentence_80

The Madison Square Garden Company responded by saying that "[i]t is incongruous to think that M.S.G. Madison Square Garden_sentence_81

would be considering moving." Madison Square Garden_sentence_82

In May 2013, four architecture firms – SHoP Architects, SOM, H3 Hardy Collaboration Architecture, and Diller Scofidio + Renfro – submitted proposals for a new Penn Station. Madison Square Garden_sentence_83

SHoP Architects recommended moving Madison Square Garden to the Morgan Postal Facility a few blocks southwest, as well as removing 2 Penn Plaza and redeveloping other towers, and an extension of the High Line to Penn Station. Madison Square Garden_sentence_84

Meanwhile, SOM proposed moving Madison Square Garden to the area just south of the James Farley Post Office, and redeveloping the area above Penn Station as a mixed-use development with commercial, residential, and recreational space. Madison Square Garden_sentence_85

H3 Hardy Collaboration Architecture wanted to move the arena to a new pier west of Jacob K. Javits Convention Center, four blocks west of the current station and arena. Madison Square Garden_sentence_86

Then, according to H3's plan, four skyscrapers would be built, one at each of the four corners of the new Penn Station superblock, with a roof garden on top of the station; the Farley Post Office would become an education center. Madison Square Garden_sentence_87

Finally, Diller Scofidio + Renfro proposed a mixed-use development on the site, with spas, theaters, a cascading park, a pool, and restaurants; Madison Square Garden would be moved two blocks west, next to the post office. Madison Square Garden_sentence_88

DS+F also proposed high-tech features in the station, such as train arrival and departure boards on the floor, and apps that would inform waiting passengers of ways to occupy their time until they board their trains. Madison Square Garden_sentence_89

Madison Square Garden rejected the notion that it would be relocated, and called the plans "pie-in-the-sky". Madison Square Garden_sentence_90

In June 2013, the New York City Council Committee on Land Use voted unanimously to give the Garden a ten-year permit, at the end of which period the owners will either have to relocate, or go back through the permission process. Madison Square Garden_sentence_91

On July 24, the City Council voted to give the Garden a 10-year operating permit by a vote of 47–1. Madison Square Garden_sentence_92

"This is the first step in finding a new home for Madison Square Garden and building a new Penn Station that is as great as New York and suitable for the 21st century," said City Council speaker Christine Quinn. Madison Square Garden_sentence_93

"This is an opportunity to reimagine and redevelop Penn Station as a world-class transportation destination." Madison Square Garden_sentence_94

In October 2014, the Morgan facility was selected as the ideal area for Madison Square Garden to be moved, following the 2014 MAS Summit in New York City. Madison Square Garden_sentence_95

More plans for the station were discussed. Madison Square Garden_sentence_96

Then, in January 2016, New York Governor Andrew Cuomo announced a redevelopment plan for Penn Station that would involve the removal of The Theater at Madison Square Garden, but would otherwise leave the arena intact. Madison Square Garden_sentence_97

Events Madison Square Garden_section_6

Main article: List of events at Madison Square Garden Madison Square Garden_sentence_98

See also: List of entertainment events at Madison Square Garden Madison Square Garden_sentence_99

Regular events Madison Square Garden_section_7

Sports Madison Square Garden_section_8

Madison Square Garden hosts approximately 320 events a year. Madison Square Garden_sentence_100

It is the home to the New York Rangers of the National Hockey League, and the New York Knicks of the National Basketball Association. Madison Square Garden_sentence_101

The New York Rangers, New York Knicks, and the Madison Square Garden arena itself are all owned by the Madison Square Garden Company. Madison Square Garden_sentence_102

The arena is also host to the Big East Men's Basketball Tournament and the finals of the National Invitation Tournament. Madison Square Garden_sentence_103

It also hosts selected home games for the St. John's men's Red Storm (college basketball), and almost any other kind of indoor activity that draws large audiences, such as the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show and the 2004 Republican National Convention. Madison Square Garden_sentence_104

The Garden was home of the NBA Draft and NIT Season Tip-Off, as well as the former New York City home of the Ringling Brothers and Barnum and Bailey Circus and Disney on Ice; all four events are now held at the Barclays Center in Brooklyn. Madison Square Garden_sentence_105

It served the New York Cosmos for half of their home games during the 1983–84 NASL Indoor season. Madison Square Garden_sentence_106

Many of boxing's biggest fights were held at Madison Square Garden, including the Roberto DuránKen Buchanan affair, the first Muhammad AliJoe Frazier bout and the US debut of Anthony Joshua that ended in a huge upset. Madison Square Garden_sentence_107

Before promoters such as Don King and Bob Arum moved boxing to Las Vegas, Nevada, Madison Square Garden was considered the mecca of boxing. Madison Square Garden_sentence_108

The original 18 ⁄2 ft × 18 ⁄2 ft (5.6 m × 5.6 m) ring, which was brought from the second and third generation of the Garden, was officially retired on September 19, 2007, and donated to the International Boxing Hall of Fame after 82 years of service. Madison Square Garden_sentence_109

A 20 ft × 20 ft (6.1 m × 6.1 m) ring replaced it beginning on October 6 of that same year. Madison Square Garden_sentence_110

Pro wrestling Madison Square Garden_section_9

Madison Square Garden has been considered the mecca for professional wrestling and the home of World Wrestling Entertainment (formerly WWF and WWWF). Madison Square Garden_sentence_111

The Garden has hosted three WrestleMania events, more than any other arena, including the first edition of the annual marquee event for WWE, as well as the 10th and 20th editions. Madison Square Garden_sentence_112

It also hosted the Royal Rumble in 2000 and 2008; SummerSlam in 1988, 1991 and 1998; as well as Survivor Series in 1996, 2002 and 2011. Madison Square Garden_sentence_113

New Japan Pro-Wrestling (NJPW) and Ring of Honor hosted their G1 Supercard supershow at the venue on April 6, 2019, which sold out in 19 minutes after the tickets went on sale. Madison Square Garden_sentence_114

A year later it was announced that New Japan Pro-Wrestling would return to Madison Square Garden alone on August 22, 2020 for NJPW Wrestle Dynasty. Madison Square Garden_sentence_115

In May 2020, NJPW announced that the Wrestle Dynasty show would be postponed to 2021 due to the COVID-19. Madison Square Garden_sentence_116

Concerts Madison Square Garden_section_10

Madison Square Garden hosts more high-profile concert events than any other venue in New York City. Madison Square Garden_sentence_117

It has been the venue for Michael Jackson's Bad World Tour, George Harrison's The Concert for Bangladesh, The Concert for New York City following the September 11 attacks, John Lennon's final concert appearance (during an Elton John concert on Thanksgiving Night, 1974) before his murder in 1980, and Elvis Presley, who gave four sold-out performances in 1972, his first and last ever in New York City. Madison Square Garden_sentence_118

Parliament-Funkadelic headlined numerous sold-out shows in 1977 and 1978. Madison Square Garden_sentence_119

Kiss, who were formed in the arena's city and three of whose members were city-born, did four shows at the arena in 1977 (their first ever there on February 18 and three more returning ones on December 14–16 the same year), and another two shows for a decade-ender in 1979 (July 24–25). Madison Square Garden_sentence_120

Billy Joel, another city-born and fellow 1970's pop star, played his first Garden show on December 14, 1978. Madison Square Garden_sentence_121

Led Zeppelin's three night stand in July 1973 was recorded and released as both a film and album titled The Song Remains The Same. Madison Square Garden_sentence_122

The Police played their final show of their reunion tour at the Garden in 2008. Madison Square Garden_sentence_123

In the summer of 2017, Phish performed 13 consecutive concerts at the venue, which the Garden commemorated by adding a Phish themed banner to the rafters. Madison Square Garden_sentence_124

With their first MSG show taking place on December 30, 1994 the "Bakers' Dozen" brought the total number of Phish shows there to 52. Madison Square Garden_sentence_125

An additional 12 shows since (4 for each of Phish's annual New Year's Eve runs) brings their total MSG performances to 64. Madison Square Garden_sentence_126

At one point, Elton John held the all-time record for greatest number of appearances at the Garden with 64 shows. Madison Square Garden_sentence_127

In a 2009 press release, John was quoted as saying "Madison Square Garden is my favorite venue in the whole world. Madison Square Garden_sentence_128

I chose to have my 60th birthday concert there, because of all the incredible memories I've had playing the venue." Madison Square Garden_sentence_129

Billy Joel, who broke the record, stated "Madison Square Garden is the center of the universe as far as I'm concerned. Madison Square Garden_sentence_130

It has the best acoustics, the best audiences, the best reputation, and the best history of great artists who have played there. Madison Square Garden_sentence_131

It is the iconic, holy temple of rock and roll for most touring acts and, being a New Yorker, it holds a special significance to me." Madison Square Garden_sentence_132

Bob Marley and The Wailers have performed in the venue in 1978, 1979 and 1980 as part of Kaya Tour, Survival Tour and Uprising Tour respectively. Madison Square Garden_sentence_133

Grateful Dead have performed in the venue 53 times from 1979 to 1994 with the first show being held on September 7, 1979 and the last being on October 19, 1994. Madison Square Garden_sentence_134

Their longest run being done in September 1991. Madison Square Garden_sentence_135

Madonna performed at this venue a total of 31 concerts, the first two being during her 1985 Virgin Tour, on June 10 and 11, and the most recent being the two-nights stay during her Rebel Heart Tour on September 16 and 17, 2015. Madison Square Garden_sentence_136

Bruce Springsteen has performed 47 concerts at this venue, many with the E Street Band, including a 10-night string of sold-out concerts out between June 12 and July 1, 2000 at the end of the E Street Reunion tour. Madison Square Garden_sentence_137

U2 performed at the arena 28 times: the first one was on April 1, 1985 during their Unforgettable Fire Tour, in front of a crowd of 19,000 people. Madison Square Garden_sentence_138

The second and the third were on September 28 and 29, 1987 during their Joshua Tree Tour, in front of 39,510 people. Madison Square Garden_sentence_139

The fourth was on March 20, 1992 during their Zoo TV Tour, in front of a crowd of 18,179 people. Madison Square Garden_sentence_140

The fifth, sixth, seventh, eighth and ninth was on June 17 and 19 and October 24, 25, and 27, 2001 during their Elevation Tour, in front of 91,787 people. Madison Square Garden_sentence_141

The 10th, through 17th took place between May 21 and November 22, 2005 during their Vertigo Tour, in front of a total sold-out crowd of 149,004 people. Madison Square Garden_sentence_142

The band performed eight performances at the arena in July 2015 as part of their Innocence + Experience Tour, and three performances in 2018 as part of their Experience + Innocence Tour. Madison Square Garden_sentence_143

The Who have headlined at the venue 32 times, including a four night stand in 1974, a five night stand in 1979, a six night stand in 1996, and four night stands in 2000 and 2002. Madison Square Garden_sentence_144

They also performed at The Concert for New York City in 2001. Madison Square Garden_sentence_145

On March 10, 2020 a 50th anniversary celebration of The Allman Brothers Band entitled 'The Brothers' took place featuring founding and surviving members of the band Jai Johanny Johanson and Chuck Leavell. Madison Square Garden_sentence_146

Dickey Betts was invited to participate but his health precluded him from traveling. Madison Square Garden_sentence_147

The concert was the last event to take place at The Garden before the coronavirus pandemic in North America forced the shutdown of major gatherings. Madison Square Garden_sentence_148

Other events Madison Square Garden_section_11

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: Square Garden.