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For selling out, see Selling out § Music. Mainstream_sentence_0

For Other uses, see Mainstream (disambiguation). Mainstream_sentence_1

The mainstream is the prevalent current thought that is widespread. Mainstream_sentence_2

It includes all popular culture and media culture, typically disseminated by mass media. Mainstream_sentence_3

This word is sometimes used in a pejorative sense by subcultures who view ostensibly mainstream culture as not only exclusive but artistically and aesthetically inferior. Mainstream_sentence_4

It is to be distinguished from subcultures and countercultures, and at the opposite extreme are cult followings and fringe theories. Mainstream_sentence_5

In the United States, mainline churches are sometimes referred to synonymously as "mainstream." Mainstream_sentence_6

Education Mainstream_section_0

In the media Mainstream_section_1

Main articles: Mainstream media and Mass media Mainstream_sentence_7

The labels "Mainstream media", or "mass media", are generally applied to print publications, such as newspapers and magazines that contain the highest readership among the public, and to radio formats and television stations that contain the highest viewing and listener audience, respectively. Mainstream_sentence_8

This is in contrast to various independent media, such as alternative media newspapers, specialized magazines in various organizations and corporations, and various electronic sources such as podcasts and blogs (though certain blogs are more mainstream than others given their association with a mainstream source). Mainstream_sentence_9

In religion Mainstream_section_2

Mainstream Christianity is a term used to collectively refer to the common views of major denominations of Christianity (such as Orthodox Christianity, Roman Catholicism, Anglicanism, and Protestantism) as opposed the particular tenets of other Christian denominations. Mainstream_sentence_10

The context is dependent on the particular issues addressed, but usually contrasts an orthodox majority view against a heterodox minority view. Mainstream_sentence_11

In the most common sense, "mainstream" refers to Nicene Christianity, that is the traditions which accept the Nicene Creed. Mainstream_sentence_12

Mainstream American Protestant churches (also called "Mainline Protestant") are a group of Protestant churches in the United States that have stressed social justice and personal salvation, and both politically and theologically, tend to be more liberal than non-mainstream Protestants. Mainstream_sentence_13

Mainstream Protestant churches share a common approach that often leads to collaboration in organizations such as the National Council of Churches, and because of their involvement with the ecumenical movement, they are sometimes given the alternative label of "ecumenical Protestantism" (especially outside the United States). Mainstream_sentence_14

While in 1970 the mainstream Protestant churches claimed most Protestants and more than 30 percent of the American population as members, as of 2009 they are a minority among American Protestants, claiming approximately 15 percent of American adults. Mainstream_sentence_15

In science Mainstream_section_3

Mainstream science is scientific inquiry in an established field of study that does not depart significantly from orthodox theories. Mainstream_sentence_16

In the philosophy of science, mainstream science is an area of scientific endeavor that has left the process of becoming established. Mainstream_sentence_17

New areas of scientific endeavor still in the process of becoming established are generally labelled protoscience or fringe science. Mainstream_sentence_18

A definition of mainstream in terms of protoscience and fringe science can be understood from the following table: Mainstream_sentence_19

By its standard practices of applying good scientific methods, mainstream science is distinguished from pseudoscience as a demarcation problem and specific types of inquiry are debunked as junk science, cargo cult science, scientific misconduct, etc. Mainstream_sentence_20

In sociology Mainstream_section_4

Main article: Normality (behavior) Mainstream_sentence_21

Mainstream pressure, through actions such as peer pressure, can force individuals to conform to the mores of the group (e.g., an obedience to the mandates of the peer group). Mainstream_sentence_22

Some, such as those of modern Hipster culture, have stated that they see the mainstream as the antithesis of individuality. Mainstream_sentence_23

According to sociologist G. Mainstream_sentence_24 William Domhoff, critiques of mainstream sociology and political science that suggest their allegiance to an elite few, such as the work of sociologists C. Mainstream_sentence_25 Wright Mills (especially his book The Power Elite) and Floyd Hunter, troubles mainstream sociologists, and mainstream sociology "often tries to dismiss power structure research as muckraking or mere investigative journalism" and downplays the notion of dominance by a power elite because of doubts about the ability of many business sectors to coordinate a unified program, while generally overlooking a policy-planning network that can perform this function. Mainstream_sentence_26

Etymology Mainstream_section_5

The term mainstream refers to the main current of a river or stream. Mainstream_sentence_27

Its figurative use by Thomas Carlyle to indicating the prevailing taste or mode is attested at least as early as 1831, even though one citation of this sense is found prior to Carlyle's, as early as 1599. Mainstream_sentence_28

See also Mainstream_section_6


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