Major general

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Major general (abbreviated MG, maj. gen. and similar) is a military rank used in many countries. Major general_sentence_0

It is derived from the older rank of sergeant major general. Major general_sentence_1

The disappearance of the "sergeant" in the title explains the apparent confusion of a lieutenant general outranking a major general whereas a major outranks a lieutenant. Major general_sentence_2

In the Commonwealth and in the United States, it is a division commander's rank that is subordinate to the rank of lieutenant general and senior to the rank of brigadier or brigadier general. Major general_sentence_3

In the Commonwealth, major general is equivalent to the navy rank of rear admiral, and in air forces, with a separate rank structure, it is equivalent to air vice-marshal. Major general_sentence_4

In some countries, including much of Eastern Europe, major general is the lowest of the general officer ranks, with no brigadier-grade rank. Major general_sentence_5

Countries Major general_section_0

Australia Major general_section_1

Main article: Major general (Australia) Major general_sentence_6

Austria Major general_section_2

See also: Rank insignia of the Austro-Hungarian armed forces Major general_sentence_7

In the old Austro-Hungarian Army, the major general was called a Generalmajor. Major general_sentence_8

Today's Austrian Federal Army still uses the same term. Major general_sentence_9

Bangladesh Major general_section_3

Major general in the Bangladesh Army is equivalent to rear admiral in the Bangladesh Navy and Air Vice Marshal in the Bangladesh Air Force. Major general_sentence_10

The rank is higher than a Brigadier General and lower than a Lieutenant General. Major general_sentence_11

Brazil Major general_section_4

General de Brigada (Brigade General) is the lowest rank of general officers in the Brazilian Army. Major general_sentence_12

A General de Brigada wears two-stars as this is the entry level for general officers in the Brazilian Army. Major general_sentence_13

See Military ranks of Brazil and Brigadier (officer rank in Latin America) for more information. Major general_sentence_14

Canada Major general_section_5

See also: Canadian Armed Forces ranks and insignia Major general_sentence_15

In the Canadian Armed Forces, the rank of major-general (MGen) (major-général and Mgén in French) is both a Canadian Army and Royal Canadian Air Force rank equivalent to the Royal Canadian Navy's rank of rear-admiral. Major general_sentence_16

A major-general is a general officer, the equivalent of a naval flag officer. Major general_sentence_17

The major-general rank is senior to the ranks of brigadier-general and commodore, and junior to lieutenant-general and vice-admiral. Major general_sentence_18

Prior to 1968, the Air Force used the rank of air vice-marshal, instead. Major general_sentence_19

The rank insignia for a major-general in the Royal Canadian Air Force is a wide braid under a single narrow braid on the cuff, as well as two silver maple leaves beneath crossed sword and baton, all surmounted by St. Edward's Crown. Major general_sentence_20

In the Canadian Army, the rank insignia is a wide braid on the cuff, as well as two gold maple leaves beneath crossed sword and baton, all surmounted by St. Edward's Crown. Major general_sentence_21

It is worn on the shoulder straps of the service dress tunic, and on slip-ons on other uniforms. Major general_sentence_22

On the visor of the service cap are two rows of gold oak leaves. Major general_sentence_23

Major-generals are initially addressed as "general" and name, as are all general officers; thereafter by subordinates as "sir" or "ma'am" as applicable in English or mon général in French. Major general_sentence_24

Major-generals are normally entitled to staff cars. Major general_sentence_25

Estonia Major general_section_6

In the Estonian military, the major general rank is called kindralmajor. Major general_sentence_26

Finland, Denmark, and Sweden Major general_section_7

The Finnish military equivalent is kenraalimajuri in Finnish, and generalmajor in Swedish and Danish. Major general_sentence_27

France Major general_section_8

The French equivalent to the rank of major general is général de division. Major general_sentence_28

In the French military, major général is not a rank but an appointment conferred on some generals, usually of général de corps d'armée rank, acting as head of staff of one of the armed forces. Major general_sentence_29

The major general assists the chief of staff of the French army with matters such as human resources, management, and discipline, and his role is roughly analogous with the British Army position of Adjutant-General to the Forces. Major general_sentence_30

The position of major général can be considered the equivalent of a deputy chief of staff. Major general_sentence_31

The five major generals are: the Major General of the Armed Forces, head of the General Staff, the Major General of the Army, the Major General of the Navy, the Major General of the Gendarmerie, and the Major General of the Air Force. Major general_sentence_32

In the French Army, Major General (in full "Major General of the Army", Major général de l'armée de terre) is a position and the major general is normally of the rank of corps general. Major general_sentence_33

Historically, the French army had some sergent-majors généraux, also called sergents de bataille, whose task was to prepare the disposition of the army on the field before a battle. Major general_sentence_34

These sergents-majors généraux became a new rank, the maréchal de camp (not the same as a field marshal, in the French Army from antiquity called a Maréchal de France), which was the equivalent of the rank of major general. Major general_sentence_35

However, the term of major général was not forgotten and used to describe the appointment of armies chiefs of staff. Major general_sentence_36

One well-known French major général was Marshal Louis Alexandre Berthier; Major General of Napoléon's Grande armée. Major general_sentence_37

In addition, maréchal de camp was renamed général de brigade (brigade general) in 1793. Major general_sentence_38

The rank was decided to correspond to brigadier general after WWⅡ. Major general_sentence_39

Georgia Major general_section_9

In Georgia, the rank major-general (გენერალ მაიორი) has one star as for security forces. Major general_sentence_40

The army, however, does not follow the traditional soviet model and uses the now more common two-star insignia. Major general_sentence_41

Germany Major general_section_10

The German Army and Luftwaffe referred to the rank as Generalmajor (OF-7) until 1945. Major general_sentence_42

Prior to 1945, the rank of Generalleutnant (OF-8) was used to define a division commander, whereas Generalmajor was a brigade commander. Major general_sentence_43

West Germany Major general_section_11

With the remilitarization of Germany in 1955 on West Germany's admission to NATO, the Heer adopted the rank structure of the U.S., with the authority of the three lower ranks being moved up one level, and the rank of Brigadegeneral (brigadier general, OF-6) added below them. Major general_sentence_44

The rank of Generaloberst (OF-9, colonel general) was no longer used. Major general_sentence_45

GDR National People's Army Major general_section_12

The Nationale Volksarmee of the German Democratic Republic continued the use Generalmajor (OF-6), abbreviated as "GenMaj", as the lowest general officer rank until reunification in 1990. Major general_sentence_46

It was equivalent to Konteradmiral (KAdm). Major general_sentence_47

Hungary Major general_section_13

In the Magyar Honvédség (Hungarian Defence Force), the equivalent rank to major general is vezérőrnagy. Major general_sentence_48

India Major general_section_14

Major general in the Indian Army is equivalent to rear admiral in the Indian Navy and Air Vice Marshal in the Indian Air Force. Major general_sentence_49

The rank is higher than a brigadier and lower than a Lieutenant General. Major general_sentence_50

Indonesia Major general_section_15

Main article: Indonesian military ranks Major general_sentence_51

In the Indonesian Army and Indonesian Marine Corps the rank "Major general" is known as Mayor Jenderal or Mayjen in short. Major general_sentence_52

Iran Major general_section_16

In the Iranian army and air force, the ranks above colonel are respectively sartip dovom (second brigadier general with no equivalent in other countries), sartip (brigadier general), sarlashkar (major general), sepahbod (lieutenant general), and arteshbod (general); nonetheless, major general is the highest available rank for current Iranian commanders. Major general_sentence_53

Ireland Major general_section_17

The Irish Defence Forces have two major generals. Major general_sentence_54

They are deputy chiefs of staff with separate responsibility for operations (DCOS Ops) and support (DCOS Sp). Major general_sentence_55

Israel Major general_section_18

In the Israel Defense Forces, a major general is called an aluf and is the second-highest rank, subordinate to rav aluf (lieutenant general or general), the rank held by the chief of staff. Major general_sentence_56

Italy Major general_section_19

In Italy, the equivalent of major general is the army rank of generale di divisione. Major general_sentence_57

In the army, the generale di divisione is the commander of a division. Major general_sentence_58

Japan Major general_section_20

See also: Brigadier general § Japan & Taiwan Major general_sentence_59

Because no brigadier-general rank is used in Japan, major-general is the rank of brigade commander. Major general_sentence_60

In the past, rikugun-shōshō (陸軍少将) in the Imperial Japanese Army was equivalent to major-general; in the current Japan Self-Defense Forces, rikushō-ho (陸将補) in the Japan Ground Self-Defense Force and kūshō-ho (空将補) in the Japan Air Self-Defense Force are equivalent to it. Major general_sentence_61

Kazakhstan Major general_section_21

In the Kazakh Army, major general is the lowest of the field officer rank and is the third-highest rank in the army. Major general_sentence_62

It is equivalent to the rear admiral in the Kazakh Navy. Major general_sentence_63

Kenya Major general_section_22

In Kenya, Major General is the third-highest rank, subordinate to General and Lieutenant General, and superior to Brigadier and Colonel. Major general_sentence_64

Current General is Gen. Robert Kariuki Kibochi Major general_sentence_65

North Korea Major general_section_23

The rank of sojang is also used in North Korea, where it is the lowest general officer and flag officer rank, equivalent to a one-star general. Major general_sentence_66

The North Korean equivalent to a two-star general is jungjang, which roughly translates as lieutenant general. Major general_sentence_67

South Korea Major general_section_24

In South Korea, the rank of major general is known as sojang (Korean: 소장; Hanja: 少將). Major general_sentence_68

In the Republic of Korea Army, a sojang typically commands a division of size ~10,000 soldiers. Major general_sentence_69

In the Republic of Korea Navy, a sojang typically commands a fleet. Major general_sentence_70

They both can operate an independent field operation. Major general_sentence_71

In the Republic of Korea Air Force, a sojang is typically the head of a command headquarter and a junjang, one rank lower than sojang, takes charge of operations. Major general_sentence_72

A Republic of Korea Marine Corps sojang commands a division and the South Korean Marine Corps is organized under the Navy. Major general_sentence_73

New Zealand Major general_section_25

In the New Zealand Army, major-general is the rank held by the chief of army (formerly the chief of general staff). Major general_sentence_74

The more senior rank of lieutenant-general is reserved for when an army officer holds the position of chief of defence force, who commands all New Zealand's armed forces. Major general_sentence_75

This position is subject to rotation between the heads of the air force, army, and navy. Major general_sentence_76

Norway Major general_section_26

In the Norwegian Army, the Air Force and the Home Guard, generalmajor is the lowest general officer rank, equivalent to kontreadmiral in the Navy. Major general_sentence_77

Pakistan Major general_section_27

Major general in the Pakistan Army is equivalent to rear admiral in the Navy and air vice marshal in the Air Force. Major general_sentence_78

It is the lowest of the general officer ranks, ranking between brigadier and lieutenant general. Major general_sentence_79

The Pakistan Army has four female major generals. Major general_sentence_80

Poland Major general_section_28

Main article: Generał dywizji Major general_sentence_81

Generał dywizji, literally "general of a division (military)", abbreviated gen. Major general_sentence_82

dyw.) Major general_sentence_83

is the second rank for generals in the Polish Army (both in the land forces and in the Polish air force). Major general_sentence_84

Depending on the context, it is equivalent to either the modern rank of major general, or the rank of brigadier general (mostly in historical context). Major general_sentence_85

However in navy the equivalent is Kontradmirał, the Rear admiral. Major general_sentence_86

In special forces, it is usually the rank of Chief of Special Forces. Major general_sentence_87

Portugal Major general_section_29

The rank of major-general was reintroduced in the Portuguese Army, Air Force and National Republican Guard in 1999, replacing the former rank of brigadier in the role of brigade commander. Major general_sentence_88

As a rank, it had previously been used in the Army only for a brief period (from 1862 to 1864). Major general_sentence_89

It is equivalent to the rank of contra-almirante (rear-admiral) in the Portuguese Navy. Major general_sentence_90

In 2015, the rank of major-general was moved up one level, with the role of brigade commander being assumed by the below rank of brigadier-general. Major general_sentence_91

In most of the 19th and first half of the 20th century, major-general was not used as a rank in the Portuguese military, but as an appointment title conferred to the general officer that acted as the military head of a service branch. Major general_sentence_92

The roles of Major-General of the Navy (Major-General da Armada) and Major-General of the Army (Major-General do Exército) became extinct in 1950, with their roles being unified in the then created Chief of the General Staff of the Armed Forces. Major general_sentence_93

Russia Major general_section_30

In the Russian Army, the rank "Major general" is known as генера́л-майо́р. Major general_sentence_94

Rated OF-6, it is equivalent to Brigadier in the British Army and to Brigadier General in the US Army. Major general_sentence_95

Somalia Major general_section_31

In Somalia, Major General is used within the Somali Armed Forces (SAF) for the highest-ranking military official in the Air Force and Navy and the second highest ranking military official in the Army. Major general_sentence_96

Sweden Major general_section_32

In Sweden, the rank of generalmajor (Genmj) is used in the Army, the Amphibious Corps and the Air Force. Major general_sentence_97

It is the equivalent to konteramiral in the Swedish Navy. Major general_sentence_98

It is typically held by the heads of the three service branches, and the head of the Swedish Military Intelligence and Security Service. Major general_sentence_99

Switzerland Major general_section_33

In Switzerland, the rank of generalmajor is called Divisionär (German) or Divisionaire (French). Major general_sentence_100

Thailand Major general_section_34

In Thailand, the rank of major general is called pon-tree "พลตรี" for the Royal Thai Army, which is equivalent to rear admiral (Pon-reu-tree "พลเรือตรี") for the Navy, air vice marshal (Pon-akat-tree "พลอากาศตรี") for the Air Force, and police major general ("Pon-tamruad-tree" "พลตำรวจตรี") for the Royal Thai Police. Major general_sentence_101

Turkey Major general_section_35

The Turkish Army and Air Force refer to the rank as tümgeneral. Major general_sentence_102

The Turkish Navy equivalent is tümadmiral. Major general_sentence_103

The name is derived from tümen, the Turkish word for a military division (tümen itself is an older Turkish word meaning "10,000"). Major general_sentence_104

Thus, linguistically, it is similar to the French equivalent for a major general, général de division. Major general_sentence_105

United Kingdom Major general_section_36

Main article: Major-general (United Kingdom) Major general_sentence_106

In the British Army and Royal Marines, major-general ranks below lieutenant-general and above brigadier, and is thus the lowest of the general officer ranks. Major general_sentence_107

Divisions are usually commanded by major-generals, and they also hold a variety of staff positions. Major general_sentence_108

The professional head of the Royal Marines currently holds the rank of major-general. Major general_sentence_109

From 1 April 1918 to 31 July 1919, the Royal Air Force maintained the rank of major-general. Major general_sentence_110

It was superseded by the rank of air vice-marshal on the following day. Major general_sentence_111

Major-general, rated as OF-7, is equivalent to rear admiral in the Royal Navy and air vice-marshal in the Royal Air Force. Major general_sentence_112

United States Major general_section_37

Main article: Major general (United States) Major general_sentence_113

In the United States Army, a major general (MG) typically commands a division of 10,000–20,000 soldiers and is capable of fully independent field operations. Major general_sentence_114

They may also serve as deputy commanders in 3-star commands or as senior directors on Army and joint staffs. Major general_sentence_115

In the case of the Army National Guard, they may also serve as The Adjutant General (TAG) for their state, commonwealth or territory. Major general_sentence_116

In the United States Marine Corps, major generals (MajGen) typically serve as commanding generals of Marine Expeditionary Forces, Marine Divisions, Marine Aircraft Wings, Joint Task Force Commanders, deputy commanders in 3-star commands or as senior directors on Marine Corps and joint staffs. Major general_sentence_117

In the United States Air Force, major generals (Maj Gen) typically serve as Numbered Air Force commanders, vice commanders of 3-star commands, joint task force commanders, warfare center, training center, weapons center, or logistics center commanders, or senior directors on Air Force and joint staffs. Major general_sentence_118

In the case of the Air National Guard, they may also serve as The Adjutant General (TAG) for their state, commonwealth or territory. Major general_sentence_119

Vietnam Major general_section_38

In Vietnam, the rank of major general is known as thiếu tướng. Major general_sentence_120

It is used in the army and the air force. Major general_sentence_121

In navy it is the equivalent to Chuẩn Đô đốc. Major general_sentence_122

Overall the major general is a one-star rank. Major general_sentence_123

In the Vietnamese People's Army, a major general commands a corps of 30,000–40,000 soldiers and is capable of fully independent field operation. Major general_sentence_124

Insignia Major general_section_39

Army Major general_section_40

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Air force Major general_section_41

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Naval infantry Major general_section_42

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Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: general.