Marilyn Manson (band)

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Marilyn Manson (band)_table_infobox_0

Marilyn MansonMarilyn Manson (band)_header_cell_0_0_0
Background informationMarilyn Manson (band)_header_cell_0_1_0
Also known asMarilyn Manson (band)_header_cell_0_2_0 Marilyn Manson & the Spooky Kids (1989–1993)Marilyn Manson (band)_cell_0_2_1
OriginMarilyn Manson (band)_header_cell_0_3_0 Fort Lauderdale, Florida, U.S.Marilyn Manson (band)_cell_0_3_1
GenresMarilyn Manson (band)_header_cell_0_4_0 Marilyn Manson (band)_cell_0_4_1
Years activeMarilyn Manson (band)_header_cell_0_5_0 1989 (1989)–presentMarilyn Manson (band)_cell_0_5_1
LabelsMarilyn Manson (band)_header_cell_0_6_0 Marilyn Manson (band)_cell_0_6_1
Associated actsMarilyn Manson (band)_header_cell_0_7_0 Marilyn Manson (band)_cell_0_7_1
WebsiteMarilyn Manson (band)_header_cell_0_8_0 Marilyn Manson (band)_cell_0_8_1
MembersMarilyn Manson (band)_header_cell_0_10_0 Marilyn Manson (band)_cell_0_10_1
Past membersMarilyn Manson (band)_header_cell_0_12_0 Marilyn Manson (band)_cell_0_12_1

Marilyn Manson is an American rock band formed by namesake lead singer Marilyn Manson and guitarist Daisy Berkowitz in Fort Lauderdale, Florida, in 1989. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_0

Originally named Marilyn Manson & the Spooky Kids, they gained a local cult following in South Florida in the early 1990s with their theatrical live performances. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_1

In 1993, they were the first act signed to Trent Reznor's Nothing Records label. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_2

Until 1996, the name of each member was created by combining the first name of a female sex symbol and the last name of a serial killer, for example Marilyn Monroe and Charles Manson. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_3

Their lineup has changed between many of their album releases; the eponymous lead singer is the only remaining original member. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_4

In the past, band members dressed in outlandish makeup and costumes, and engaged in intentionally shocking behavior both onstage and off. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_5

Their lyrics often received criticism for their anti-religious sentiment and references to sex, violence and drugs, while their live performances were frequently called offensive and obscene. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_6

On several occasions, protests and petitions led to the group being blocked from performing, with at least three US states passing legislation banning the group from performing at state-owned venues. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_7

They released a number of platinum-selling albums, including Antichrist Superstar (1996) and Mechanical Animals (1998). Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_8

These albums, along with their highly stylized music videos and worldwide touring, brought public recognition to Marilyn Manson. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_9

In 1999, news media, infamously, falsely blamed the band for influencing the perpetrators of the Columbine High School massacre. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_10

As this controversy began to wane throughout the 2000s, so did the band's mainstream popularity. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_11

Despite this, Jon Wiederhorn of MTV, in June 2003, referred to Marilyn Manson as "the only true artist today". Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_12

Marilyn Manson is widely regarded as being one of the most iconic and controversial figures in rock music, with the band and its lead singer influencing numerous other groups and musicians, both in metal-associated acts and also in wider popular culture. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_13

VH1 ranked Marilyn Manson as the seventy-eighth best rock band on their 100 Great Artists of Hard Rock. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_14

They were inducted into the Kerrang! Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_15

Hall of Fame in 2000, and have been nominated for four Grammy Awards. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_16

In the U.S., the band has seen ten of its releases debut in the top ten, including two number-one albums. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_17

Marilyn Manson have sold in excess of 50 million records worldwide. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_18

History Marilyn Manson (band)_section_0

Formation and The Spooky Kids (1989–1992) Marilyn Manson (band)_section_1

In 1989, Brian Warner was a college student working towards a degree in journalism at Broward College, gaining experience by writing music articles for the South Florida lifestyle magazine 25th Parallel. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_19

It was in this capacity that he met several of the musicians to whom his own band would later be compared, including My Life with the Thrill Kill Kult and Trent Reznor of Nine Inch Nails. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_20

That December, he met Scott Putesky, who proposed that the two form a band together after reading some lyrics and poems written by Putesky, who wanted to be the vocalist of the proposed band. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_21

Warner, guitarist Putesky and bassist Brian Tutunick recorded their first demo tape as Marilyn Manson & the Spooky Kids in 1990, taking on the stage names of Marilyn Manson, Daisy Berkowitz and Olivia Newton Bundy, respectively. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_22

Bundy left the band soon after, and was replaced by Gidget Gein, born Brad Stewart. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_23

They were later joined on keyboard by Stephen Bier, who called himself Madonna Wayne Gacy. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_24

In 1991, drummer Fred Streithorst joined the band under the name Sara Lee Lucas. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_25

The stage names adopted by each member were representative of a concept the band considered central: the dichotomy of good and evil, and the existence of both, together, in every whole. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_26

"Marilyn Monroe had a dark side", explained Manson in his autobiography, "just as Charles Manson has a good, intelligent side." Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_27

Over the next six years, all of the band's members would adopt names that combined the first name of a female sex symbol and the surname of a serial killer. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_28

Images of both Monroe and Manson, as well as of other famous and infamous figures, were common in the band's early promotional materials. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_29

The Spooky Kids' popularity in the area grew quickly and because of the band's highly visual concerts, which drew from performance art and used many shock techniques such as "naked women nailed to a cross, a child in a cage, or bloody animal body parts." Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_30

Band members variously performed in women's clothing or bizarre costumes; and, for lack of a professional pyrotechnician, would set their own stage props on fire. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_31

The band would contrast these theatrics with elements drawn from their youth: characters from 1970s and '80s children's television made regular, often grotesquely altered, appearances on band flyers and newsletters, and were frequently sampled in their music. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_32

They continued to perform and release cassettes – shortening their name to Marilyn Manson in 1992 – until the summer of 1993, when they drew the attention of Reznor, who had just founded his own label, Nothing Records. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_33

Portrait of an American Family and Smells Like Children (1993–1995) Marilyn Manson (band)_section_2

Reznor offered the band a contract with the label, as well as an opening slot supporting Nine Inch Nails on their upcoming "Self Destruct Tour". Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_34

After accepting both offers, recording sessions for their debut studio album began in July 1993 with Swans producer Roli Mosimann at Criteria Studios in Miami, Florida. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_35

Recording a selection of new songs along with material from their Spooky Kids repertoire, the first version of their debut, titled The Manson Family Album, was completed by the end of the month. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_36

However, it was not well received. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_37

The band's members, along with Reznor, criticized Mosimann's production as being flat, lifeless and poorly representative of the band's live performances. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_38

At the same time, Gidget Gein had begun to lose control of his addiction to heroin. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_39

Before reworking the album, the band played two shows in Florida under the name Mrs. Scabtree. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_40

This band featured Manson on drums, Gacy on keyboard, Berkowitz on guitar, and Jessicka from Jack Off Jill sharing vocal duties with Jeordie White of Miami thrash band Amboog-a-Lard. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_41

Four other local musicians, bassists Mark Dubin of Sister Venus and Patrick Joyce from The Itch, guitarist Miles Hie and violinist Mary Karlzen were also involved. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_42

Reznor agreed to rework production of The Manson Family Album in October 1993 at Record Plant Studios in Los Angeles. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_43

Gein, who had been hospitalized after his fourth heroin overdose, was not invited to participate, and was fired from the band soon after, replaced by White, of Amboog-a-Lard, who undertook the alias Twiggy Ramirez. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_44

After seven weeks of mixing, re-recording and remixing, the album – now titled Portrait of an American Family – was presented to Nothing's parent label Interscope. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_45

The album was released on July 19, 1994 and peaked at number thirty-five on Billboard's Top Heatseekers album chart. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_46

The band began its first national headlining tour in December 1994, with Jack Off Jill opening. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_47

During the band's stint as opening act on the Nine Inch Nails tour, Manson met Church of Satan founder Dr. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_48 Anton LaVey. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_49

LaVey bestowed the title of "Reverend" on Manson– meaning a person who is revered by the church, and not necessarily one who dedicates their life to preaching the religion to others, as with a priest or minister. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_50

Manson would use this title in the liner notes of the band's following album, citing himself as "Reverend Marilyn Manson". Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_51

In March 1995, the band began a two-month tour, this time with Monster Voodoo Machine as support. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_52

This would be drummer Sara Lee Lucas's last tour with the band. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_53

Kenneth Wilson, better known by his stage name Ginger Fish, then joined the group before they embarked on a tour with rock band Danzig and metal band Korn. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_54

The band then relocated to the new home of Nothing Studios in New Orleans to begin work on remixes and b-sides for Portrait's third single, "Dope Hat", releasing a music video inspired by the boat ride scene from the 1971 movie Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_55

The proposed single eventually developed into an hour-long EP, titled Smells Like Children. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_56

The EP's fifteen tracks of covers, remixes, and sonic experiments also included the band's version of the Eurythmics' "Sweet Dreams (Are Made of This)", which would prove to be their first hit. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_57

The song's music video was placed in heavy rotation on MTV, in stark contrast with the "Dope Hat" video, which the same channel had banished to late-night airplay only a few months prior. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_58

Antichrist Superstar (1996–1997) Marilyn Manson (band)_section_3

The band's second studio album, Antichrist Superstar, was released on October 8, 1996. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_59

It was recorded at Nothing Studios with Reznor, Manson, Sean Beavan and former Skinny Puppy member and longtime producer Dave Ogilvie sharing co-production duties; members of both Marilyn Manson and Nine Inch Nails took part in its recording. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_60

The process of making the album was a long and difficult one, highlighted by experiments involving sleep deprivation and near-constant drug use, in an effort to create a violent and hostile environment suited to the album's content. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_61

During this time, antagonism between band members was high. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_62

Daisy Berkowitz, the band's founding guitarist, departed the band partway through the album's recording process, with Twiggy performing much of the album's guitar work. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_63

Timothy Linton responded to an advert seeking Berkowitz's replacement. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_64

He would form a close relationship with Madonna Wayne Gacy, who was responsible for the inclusion of one of the major sources of inspiration for the album: Kabbalah. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_65

Breaking with the six-year tradition of naming band members after female icons and serial killers, Zim Zum was chosen as Linton's stage name. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_66

It was derived from the Lurianic Kabbalah concept of Tzimtzum. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_67

"The Beautiful People" was released as the album's lead single. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_68

It created enough anticipation for Antichrist Superstar that the album debuted at number three on the Billboard 200 with first-week sales of 132,000 copies. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_69

Manson also appeared on the cover of Rolling Stone, who awarded the band their 'Best New Artist' accolade in 1997. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_70

The year-long "Dead to the World Tour" followed, which was the band's longest and widest-ranging tour yet. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_71

In the US, however, the band was receiving more attention than ever before, and not all of it was positive. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_72

As the tour was getting underway, the band found itself the target of bipartisan congressional hearings, led by conservative violent entertainment watchdog group Empower America (now known as FreedomWorks) co-directors Republican Secretary of Education William Bennett and Democratic U.S. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_73 Senator Joseph Lieberman, to determine the effects, if any, of violent lyrics on young listeners. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_74

In addition, nearly every performance of the tour was picketed by religious organizations. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_75

In July 1997, Manson collaborated with British trip hop group Sneaker Pimps for the single "Long Hard Road Out of Hell" from the soundtrack to the 1997 film Spawn. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_76

The band released their second EP, Remix & Repent, on November 25, 1997. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_77

It featured new versions of Antichrist Superstar's four singles: "The Beautiful People", "Tourniquet", "Antichrist Superstar" and "Man That You Fear". Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_78

In February 1998, Manson released his autobiography, The Long Hard Road Out of Hell, as well as a live video entitled Dead to the World. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_79

It was also confirmed that Antichrist Superstar would be the first installment in a concept album trilogy which the band called their triptych. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_80

Mechanical Animals (1998–1999) Marilyn Manson (band)_section_4

The band released the second part of their triptych, Mechanical Animals, on September 15, 1998. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_81

Co-produced by the band's lead singer with Sean Beavan and Michael Beinhorn, the album moved away from the industrial rock production of its predecessor and was strongly influenced by 1970s glam rock, particularly David Bowie's 1974 album Diamond Dogs. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_82

Billy Corgan served as an unofficial consultant to the band during the early development of the album. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_83

After playing a few songs for him, Corgan advised them that "This is definitely the right direction" but to "go all the way with it. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_84

Don't just hint at it", referring to its inclusion of glam influences. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_85

To suit their new musical style, the band also recast itself as a glam rock outfit, setting aside the "rotting-corpse chic" of the previous era in favor of attire more suited to the genre, incorporating leather, platform boots and brightly dyed hair. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_86

The band also relocated from New Orleans to Los Angeles, while Zim Zum was replaced by guitarist John Lowery of 2wo, whose stage name, John 5, was given to him by Manson during their first lunch meeting. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_87

Interscope's promotion of the album was massive, with the label erecting enormous billboards of the lead singer as an androgynous extraterrestrial in both Times Square and Sunset Strip. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_88

Repeated appearances on MTV and other networks helped propel the album's lead single, "The Dope Show", to number twelve on Billboard's Mainstream Rock chart, becoming the band's highest-charting single yet. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_89

The song's music video was critically acclaimed, winning two awards at the 1998 Billboard Music Video Awards as well as the Best Cinematography award at the 1999 MTV VMA's; while the song was also nominated for Best Hard Rock Performance at the 41st Annual Grammy Awards. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_90

The album would go on to debut at number one on the Billboard 200, with first week sales of over 223,000. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_91

After a brief promotional campaign, the band set out on the "Beautiful Monsters Tour" with Hole. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_92

The tour would be a problematic one, and was marred by frequent on–and–off stage exchanges between Manson and Hole vocalist Courtney Love. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_93

Private disputes also arose over the tour's financial arrangements, with Hole unwittingly financing most of Manson's production costs, which were disproportionately high relative to Hole's. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_94

The tour was to include thirty-seven shows spanning over a two-month period, although Hole left after taking part in just nine of the scheduled dates. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_95

A broken ankle from Manson also forced the postponement of the next two shows, with the remainder of the tour being renamed "Rock Is Dead" and Jack Off Jill and Nashville Pussy taking over select opening slots. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_96

The final four dates of the tour were canceled out of respect for the victims of the Columbine High School massacre. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_97

The latter half of 1999 and much of 2000 was a period of relative silence for the band, who refused to take part in interviews and retreated from public life. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_98

They shelved plans for a proposed single and music video for their cover of AC/DC's "Highway to Hell", which appeared on the soundtrack to Detroit Rock City. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_99

They spent this period writing and recording in a secluded studio in Death Valley, with only the live album The Last Tour on Earth appearing during this time. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_100

A studio outtake from Antichrist Superstar, titled "Astonishing Panorama of the Endtimes", served as its only single. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_101

Holy Wood (In the Shadow of the Valley of Death) (2000–2001) Marilyn Manson (band)_section_5

Holy Wood (In the Shadow of the Valley of Death) was released on November 11, 2000. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_102

Produced by the band's lead singer with Dave Sardy, the album also features programming and pre-production editing by Bon Harris of Nitzer Ebb. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_103

The band wrote over 100 songs for the album, which was a return to the darker, more abrasive sound of Antichrist Superstar. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_104

Much of its content was written in response to the Columbine massacre, with the album's third single, "The Nobodies", directly referring to the shootings. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_105

Described by the band's frontman as the third part of a trilogy which began with Antichrist Superstar and continued in Mechanical Animals, its overarching theme is an exploration of the relationship between death and fame in American culture, and its lyrics and artwork contain many references to John F. Kennedy and Lee Harvey Oswald, John Lennon and Mark David Chapman, and Abraham Lincoln and John Wilkes Booth. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_106

The "Guns, God and Government Tour" elaborated on Holy Wood's central theme, and with its logo – a rifle and handguns arranged to resemble the Christian cross – Manson made no attempt to conceal what he saw as the source of that fascination. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_107

The band also revealed that within their concept album trilogy, Holy Wood serves as prequel to Mechanical Animals and Antichrist Superstar despite the latter two preceding Holy Wood in release date. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_108

Each album contains its own distinct storyline, which can be linked together to create a larger overarching storyline encompassing all three. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_109

Manson has offered this much in the way of an interpretation: "[Holy Wood is about] wanting to fit into a world that didn't want me, and fighting really hard to get there. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_110

[The album's deepest elements] are idealism and the desire to start a revolution. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_111

If you begin with Holy Wood, then Mechanical Animals really talks about how that revolution gets taken away from you and turned into a product, and then Antichrist Superstar is where you're given a choice to decide if you're going to be controlled by the power that you created or if you want to destroy yourself and then start over. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_112

It just becomes a cycle." Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_113

The band initially declined to join the 2001 lineup of Ozzy Osbourne's Ozzfest, as its June 21 date in Denver would mark their first appearance in Colorado since the Columbine massacre. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_114

After the band announced on their website that they would perform in Denver, they were protested by religious groups. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_115

The band planned to "balance out" their "violent lyrics" by quoting biblical texts, "so we can examine the virtues of wonderful Christian stories of disease, murder, adultery, suicide and child sacrifice." Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_116

The tour was documented by a DVD of the same name, which was released on October 29, 2002. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_117

In addition to a compilation style concert [songs from multiple individual shows edited together to appear as a single performance], it includes a thirty-minute short film titled "The Death Parade". Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_118

This was followed by Guns, God and Government – Live in LA in 2009, which depicts their performance of January 13, 2001 at Los Angeles's Grand Olympic Auditorium in its entirety. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_119

Earlier in 2001, the band released a cover of Gloria Jones's "Tainted Love" on the soundtrack to Not Another Teen Movie. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_120

The song became the band's biggest international hit yet, peaking at number one in numerous European territories. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_121

In 2002, Jonathan Davis of Korn invited Marilyn Manson to record vocals on a track titled "Redeemer", which was released on his soundtrack to Queen of the Damned. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_122

Manson also appeared in Michael Moore's 2002 documentary, Bowling for Columbine; his appearance was filmed on the same day as their Denver Ozzfest performance. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_123

When Moore asked what Manson would have said to the students at Columbine, he replied, "I wouldn't say a single word to them. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_124

I would listen to what they have to say, and that's what no one did." Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_125

The Golden Age of Grotesque and Lest We Forget (2002–2006) Marilyn Manson (band)_section_6

With the "triptych" of previous albums complete, the band was free to begin a fresh project. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_126

In 2002, Manson created an original score for the Resident Evil film with former KMFDM multi-instrumentalist Tim Sköld. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_127

Soon after, Sköld became an official band member when Twiggy Ramirez amicably left the group, citing creative differences. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_128

After finding inspiration through Manson's girlfriend Dita Von Teese in the swing and burlesque movements of 1920s Berlin, the band recorded The Golden Age of Grotesque, which was released on May 7, 2003 and debuted atop the Billboard 200 album chart, selling over 118,000 copies on its first week. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_129

It was also an international success, particularly in Europe, where it sold over 400,000 copies on its first week, and topping various national record charts, as well as Billboard's European Albums Chart. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_130

The album also appeared on several critics' year-end lists, and won a 2003 Metal Edge Readers' Choice Award for "Album of the Year". Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_131

Eschewing the lyrical depth and symbolism found on Holy Wood, the album was relatively straightforward: in an extended metaphor, Manson compares his own often-criticized work to the Entartete Kunst banned by the Nazi regime. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_132

Lyrically, Manson utilizes the narrative mode of stream of consciousness throughout the album to examine the human psyche in times of crisis, specifically focusing on the mindset of lunatics and children, as, according to Manson, "they don't follow the rules [of society]." Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_133

Several songs incorporate elements commonly found in playground chants and nursery rhymes, which Manson would "pervert into something ugly and lurid." Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_134

The work of Kurt Weill was also noted as an influence, along with the lucid dreams the singer was having during its production, with Manson explaining that he would "wake up and say, 'I want to write a song that sounds like a stampeding elephant,' or 'I want to write a song that sounds like a burning piano.'" Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_135

Manson began his long-term collaboration with Austrian-Irish artist Gottfried Helnwein, working together on several multi-media projects associated with the album, including the exhibitions and installation art projects featured at the album's launch party at The Key Club in Los Angeles, the album artwork, the music video to lead single "mOBSCENE", as well as the artwork which accompanied Manson's essay for The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_136

Limited edition copies of the album included a DVD titled Doppelherz (Double-heart), a 25-minute surrealist short film directed by Manson which featured art direction by Helnwein. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_137

Another world tour followed, "Grotesk Burlesk", which furthered the album's Weimar Republic-inspired theme by adding Helnwein-created stage dressing and elements of German Kabarett to the group's performances. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_138

Manson and the band members began appearing both on-and off-stage in designer suits created by Jean-Paul Gaultier. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_139

Lest We Forget: The Best Of was released on September 28, 2004 and was referred to by Manson as a "farewell" compilation. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_140

It was the last album released under Nothing Records, as the label was dissolved following a lawsuit filed by Reznor against his former manager and business partner, John Malm. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_141

The compilation was supported by the "Against All Gods Tour", as well as a single–a cover of Depeche Mode's "Personal Jesus". Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_142

It was the first and only tour to feature Mark Chaussee of Rob Halford's Fight on lead guitar, replacing John 5, whose relationship with Manson had soured over the previous year. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_143

Former Nine Inch Nails drummer Chris Vrenna also replaced Ginger Fish, who fractured his wrist, skull and cheekbone after falling several feet off his drum riser during a performance at a German awards ceremony. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_144

Eat Me, Drink Me (2007–2008) Marilyn Manson (band)_section_7

By late 2005, the band had composed 18 new songs, but work on their sixth studio album was halted when Manson focused his attention on various film and art projects, including the development of his screenplay, Phantasmagoria: The Visions of Lewis Carroll, as well as a minor role in the Lucy Liu movie Rise: Blood Hunter. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_145

He also launched a self-proclaimed art movement, the Celebritarian Corporation, which included artist Gottfried Helnwein, fashion designer Steven Klein and director Anthony Silva, as well as announcing plans to open an art gallery and publish a book of his paintings. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_146

It was after opening the Celebritarian Corporation Gallery Of Fine Art on Melrose Avenue in 2006 that work started on new material, with Manson writing lyrics over Sköld's already existing compositions. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_147

The resulting material was composed and recorded entirely by Sköld, and does not feature writing or performance contributions from any other member of the band. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_148

Its content is largely inspired by personal troubles relating to Manson's failed marriage to Von Teese, and his burgeoning relationship with then-19-year old actress Evan Rachel Wood. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_149

The band made their debut appearance on The Tonight Show with Jay Leno on October 31, 2006, performing their cover of "This Is Halloween" from a deluxe edition re-release of The Nightmare Before Christmas soundtrack. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_150

This would be their last performance featuring longtime keyboardist Madonna Wayne Gacy, who would go on to file a $20m lawsuit against the band the following year for unpaid "partnership proceeds". Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_151

The album was preceded by the release of a single, "Heart-Shaped Glasses (When the Heart Guides the Hand)", whose music video was shot using director James Cameron's 3D Fusion Camera System technology. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_152

The video caused controversy upon release, with several sources claiming that it featured genuine footage of Manson and Wood engaged in sexual intercourse. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_153

Wood was reportedly paid "the highest [music] video salary in history" to appear in the video. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_154

Eat Me, Drink Me was released on June 5, 2007, and entered the Billboard 200 at number eight with first week sales of 88,000 copies. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_155

It also peaked in the top ten of most major international album charts, as well as at number two on Billboard's European Albums Chart. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_156

"Putting Holes in Happiness" was released as the album's second single. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_157

To promote the album, the band embarked on the nine-month "Rape of the World Tour", which featured Sköld on lead guitar, former The Prodigy bassist Rob Holliday and longtime drummer Ginger Fish; while Vrenna rejoined the band as their live keyboardist. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_158

The first leg of the tour was a co-headlining set with American thrash metal band Slayer, with support coming from Bleeding Through. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_159

In November 2007, Manson confirmed that he and Sköld had begun work on the band's next studio album, with Slayer's Kerry King, former The Smashing Pumpkins guitarist James Iha and Nick Zinner of Yeah Yeah Yeahs set to feature. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_160

By the beginning of 2008, however, Twiggy Ramirez had rejoined the band as bassist, resulting in the exit of Sköld, with Holliday moving from bass to lead guitar for the remaining duration of the tour. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_161

Future collaborations with Sköld were not ruled out. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_162

The High End of Low (2009–2010) Marilyn Manson (band)_section_8

In 2008, former Limp Bizkit guitarist Wes Borland joined the band for their headlining show at the 2008 ETP Fest in South Korea. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_163

However, Borland left the group to reunite with Limp Bizkit, later saying that he was reluctant to be a "hired gun", citing the band's refusal to record any of the nine songs he submitted for their upcoming album. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_164

R&B singer Ne-Yo claimed in early December that he would hold writing sessions with the band's frontman on new material, although Manson denied it, saying that he had "never even met Ne-Yo. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_165

I can assure him that he would not want to be associated with something this godless." Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_166

The High End of Low was recorded throughout 2008, with Manson recording vocals at his Hollywood Hills home studio between November and January 5, 2009. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_167

Produced by Manson, Twiggy and Vrenna with Antichrist Superstar and Mechanical Animals co-producer Sean Beavan, Manson described the album as containing "extreme" autobiographical content relating to the dissolution of his engagement to Wood, and as being "very ruthless, heavy and violent". Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_168

Its fifteen songs appear on the album in the order they were written. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_169

The penultimate track, "Into the Fire", portrays the vocalist's mental state on Christmas Day, wherein he attempted to contact Wood 158 times, cutting himself with a razorblade on the face or hands for each corresponding attempt. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_170

The album's final song, "15", was completed on Manson's January 5 birthday – hence the name. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_171

Manson utilized his entire home as a canvas to document the disintegration of the relationship, writing its lyrics on walls and coupling them with paintings and drawings relating to Wood, as well as used condoms, bags of cocaine and other drug paraphernalia. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_172

"We're from America" was released as a free download on the band's website on March 27, 2009, while a Hot Topic-exclusive CD single followed two weeks later. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_173

After playing an instrumental version of "Arma-goddamn-motherfuckin-geddon" to Interscope's A&R department, it was chosen as the album's official lead single, with an employee telling Manson, "This is gonna be a hit!". Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_174

Manson then quipped to the employee, "Well, I'm glad that you have no consideration for what I [might] put on top of it." Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_175

A heavily censored version of the profanity-laced track – re-titled to "Arma ... geddon" – was serviced to radio from April 13, and peaked at number thirty-seven on Billboard's Mainstream Rock chart, becoming their lowest-peaking single in the process. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_176

The album was released on May 20, 2009 and debuted at number four on the Billboard 200 with sales of over 49,000 copies, their lowest opening week figure since The Last Tour on Earth debuted with 26,000 copies in 1999. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_177

Prior to The High End of Low's release, Manson made a series of disparaging comments regarding Interscope and its artistic censorship; as well as its then-CEO Jimmy Iovine, who Manson said "wasn't smart enough to understand what [we] do", and publicly claiming that the label "cares more about Vitamin Water [the private equity venture of Interscope-signed 50 Cent than music." Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_178

Reznor – who, as of 2015, remains friends with Iovine – responded by calling Manson a "dopey clown" and claiming that "He is a malicious guy and will step on anybody's face to succeed and cross any line of decency." Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_179

While promoting the album in the UK, Manson appeared inebriated in a series of interviews. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_180

An interview for Alan Carr: Chatty Man recorded during this time remains unaired, due to graphic language and content. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_181

A music video for "Running to the Edge of the World" – in which Manson beats a Wood lookalike to death – was released on November 4 and was condemned as a perceived glorification of violence against women. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_182

The band parted ways with Interscope on December 3. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_183

They settled the lawsuit filed by former keyboardist Stephen Bier (aka M.W. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_184

Gacy), with Manson's insurance company paying Bier's attorney's fees and Bier receiving no monetary value. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_185

Born Villain (2011–2013) Marilyn Manson (band)_section_9

Upon parting with Interscope, Manson said "a lot of the creative control on which my hands were tied [has been regained]", while stating that the band had been writing new material while touring their previous album. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_186

Manson attested that its lyrical content would be "more romantic" yet "self-abusive", and described its sonic elements as being "suicide death metal". Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_187

Fred Sablan joined the band in July 2010. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_188

By October, Twiggy described the album as being "almost done", and opined that "It's our best record yet. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_189

I mean, everyone always says that, but I think this is our best work so far. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_190

It's kind of like a little more of a punk rock Mechanical Animals, without sounding too pretentious." Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_191

The following month, it was announced that the band had signed a joint-venture deal with London-based indie label Cooking Vinyl. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_192

As part of the deal, the band would retain creative control over their artistic direction, with the band and label sharing profits equally after the label recoups costs associated with marketing, promotion and distribution. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_193

For much of 2011, Manson removed himself from the public spotlight and ceased almost all communication with fans, only taking a break from his self-imposed sequestration to appear in the music video for "Tempat Ku" by Brunei rock band D'Hask. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_194

On February 24, longtime drummer Ginger Fish announced his resignation from the group. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_195

On May 22, their website underwent a complete overhaul. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_196

A 26-second clip of an unreleased song, tentatively titled "I am among no one", was uploaded to their Vimeo account, along with a new logo. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_197

After being impressed by his directorial work on one of Kid Cudi's music videos, Manson employed actor Shia LaBeouf to direct a short film entitled Born Villain. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_198

Contrary to media reports that the project would be a "making-of" video documenting the album's recording, Born Villain was a surrealist short featuring a previously unreleased track, "Overneath the Path of Misery". Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_199

Containing numerous references to Macbeth, it was inspired by Jodorowsky's The Holy Mountain and Luis Buñuel and Salvador Dalí's 1929 silent film Un Chien Andalou. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_200

To promote the project, LaBeouf and his girlfriend, photographer Karolyn Pho, graffitied areas of LA with its artwork. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_201

LaBeouf and Pho later photographed their work, and released it as a limited edition book titled Campaign, which was bundled with a DVD of the film. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_202

In November, Vrenna departed the band to focus on other production work, whilst indicating that production of their eighth studio album was "largely completed". Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_203

The album was preceded by the release of "No Reflection", which Manson leaked to KROQ-FM on March 7, 2012. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_204

Cooking Vinyl CEO Martin Goldschmidt called the leak a "masterstroke", saying "we had all these exclusives lined up around the world, and then Manson blew them all. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_205

We're already getting more radio play than the whole of the last record." Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_206

The song went on to peak at number twenty-six on the Mainstream Rock chart, spending fourteen weeks on the chart, and was their best-performing single there since "Personal Jesus" in 2004. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_207

Born Villain was released worldwide from April 25, debuting at number ten on the Billboard 200 and atop both the Independent Albums and Top Hard Rock Albums charts. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_208

The album spent two weeks at number one on the UK Rock Albums Chart. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_209

A remix EP for "Slo-Mo-Tion" followed on November 5. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_210

The band embarked on the seventeen-month "Hey Cruel World... Tour" from the end of April, which was interspersed by co-headlining tours with Rob Zombie ("Twins of Evil") and Alice Cooper ("Masters of Madness"). Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_211

The Pale Emperor (2014–2016) Marilyn Manson (band)_section_10

In August 2012, it was announced that Manson would play a fictionalized version of himself in a four-episode arc of the sixth season of TV series Californication. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_212

While filming its season finale at the Greek Theatre in LA, Manson met the series' composer, Tyler Bates, and the two discussed a potential collaboration. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_213

Manson confirmed that production started on new material by May 2013. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_214

Four months later, Sablan announced that he had left the group. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_215

One track from the album, "Cupid Carries a Gun" was used as the opening theme to Salem from its second episode onwards, which premiered on US television on April 27. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_216

In October, a large portion of the album track "Killing Strangers" was predominantly featured in the Keanu Reeves movie John Wick. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_217

"Third Day of a Seven Day Binge" was released for free download on the band's website on October 26, and served as the album's first official single. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_218

The band performed several new songs live for the first time as they played a handful of concerts around southern California in October and early November. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_219

"Deep Six" was released on December 16, with a music video following three days later. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_220

It went on to peak at number eight on Billboard's Mainstream Rock chart, making it the band's highest-ever peaking single on Billboard. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_221

"Cupid Carries a Gun" was released as the album's third official single on January 8, 2015. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_222

The Pale Emperor was released on January 15 in the US. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_223

It is dedicated to Manson's mother, who died in May 2014 after an eight-year battle with Alzheimer's disease and dementia. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_224

It was both a critical and commercial success, debuting at number eight on the Billboard 200 with sales of over 51,000 copies, their largest opening-week figure since Eat Me, Drink Me in 2007. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_225

Numerous publications referred to it as the band's best album in over a decade. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_226

It would go on to appear on several 'best of 2015' lists, with Rolling Stone dubbing it the 'best metal album' of 2015. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_227

Music videos for both "The Mephistopheles of Los Angeles" and "Third Day of a Seven Day Binge" were released in May and July, respectively. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_228

The band embarked on the nearly-two year-long The Hell Not Hallelujah Tour in support of the album, which was interspersed by a co-headlining tour with The Smashing Pumpkins titled The End Times. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_229

In February 2016, Manson contributed vocals to a version of David Bowie's "Cat People (Putting Out Fire)" on Countach (For Giorgio), a tribute album to Giorgio Moroder curated by Shooter Jennings. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_230

A 16-bit music video for the song was released five months later. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_231

Also in February, details were announced of another co-headlining tour, this time with Slipknot. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_232

The tour was scheduled to begin on June 9 in Salt Lake City and consist of thirty-four dates in Amphitheatres throughout North America, with support from Of Mice & Men. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_233

However, the first twelve dates of the tour were postponed after an examination revealed that Corey Taylor had broken two vertebrae in his neck. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_234

The tour began on June 28 in Nashville, Tennessee, with the postponed shows rescheduled for August. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_235

Heaven Upside Down (2017–2018) Marilyn Manson (band)_section_11

While touring with The Smashing Pumpkins, Manson indicated a "strong possibility" of working with Corgan on new material, and also revealed plans to collaborate with Korn frontman Jonathan Davis on a "Southern-sounding, acoustic" project. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_236

Manson announced in an interview with KEGL in November that work had begun on the band's tenth studio album, while also confirming that Twiggy, Bates and Sharone would all be involved in its recording. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_237

Antichrist Superstar was reissued on cassette exclusively in Europe as part of Record Store Day 2016. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_238

To celebrate the twentieth anniversary of the album's release, Manson indicated that a special edition of Antichrist Superstar would be issued on October 20, although this failed to materialize. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_239

Among its bonus content would have been a previously unreleased film, created during the "Dead to the World Tour". Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_240

On July 19, Manson announced that the band's tenth studio album had the working title SAY10, and predicted a release date of Valentine's Day 2017. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_241

In September, Manson confirmed that the band were "putting the finishing touches" on the album, and said: "It's not very much in any way like The Pale Emperor. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_242

It's pretty violent in its nature for some reason, and it's not emotional in the same way. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_243

It's got a chip on its shoulder. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_244

I can't wait for people to hear it. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_245

I think they're going to be quite surprised." Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_246

On November 8 – the day of the 2016 US presidential election – Manson released a teaser clip of a new music video created alongside Final Girl director Tyler Shields. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_247

It featured scenes of Manson brandishing a knife while standing over a decapitated corpse. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_248

According to The Daily Beast's Marlow Stern, the decapitated figure is dressed to resemble Donald Trump. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_249

Manson would later say that the figure in the video "wasn't anyone except if you wanted it to be them." Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_250

The album was not released in February 2017, and instead a long series of cryptic videos were posted to Marilyn Manson's personal Instagram account over the course of just under 2 months, before Manson revealed on May 9 that the album had been named Heaven Upside Down. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_251

The band began their Heaven Upside Down Tour on July 20, 2017 in Budapest. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_252

The first single from the album, "We Know Where You Fucking Live", was released on September 11, with the album due to follow on October 6. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_253

A second single, "Kill4Me", was released on September 20. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_254

The band's founding guitarist, Daisy Berkowitz, died on October 22, 2017 at the age of 49; he had been diagnosed with Stage IV colorectal cancer in 2013. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_255

Two days later, Manson announced he had "decided to part ways" with bassist Twiggy, after a rape allegation was made against Twiggy by his former girlfriend, Jack Off Jill vocalist Jessicka; for the rest of the tour, Juan Alderete (formerly of Racer X and The Mars Volta) joined. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_256

In July 2018, Manson embarked on the Twins of Evil: The Second Coming Tour in the US with co-headliner Rob Zombie and special guest Deadly Apples. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_257

We Are Chaos (2019–present) Marilyn Manson (band)_section_12

In March 2019, Manson announced that he was nearly finished recording his next studio album and that country musician Shooter Jennings was involved. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_258

Later that year, drummer Gil Sharone announced he was leaving the band to pursue "other current and future projects", with former Black Flag drummer Brandon Pertzborn hired as his replacement. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_259

Manson also revealed that Bates is no longer involved with the group, and that the album would be produced by Jennings and feature contributions from his drummer Jamie Douglass. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_260

In July, Manson embarked on the Twins of Evil: Hell Never Dies Tour in the US and Canada with co-headliner Rob Zombie, followed by festivals and headline dates with support from Deadly Apples. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_261

The band released their cover of The Doors' "The End" on streaming music services in November, with a limited edition vinyl scheduled to be issued on March 6, 2020. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_262

The song was recorded for the soundtrack to the upcoming miniseries The Stand, based on Stephen King's novel of the same name. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_263

Manson is set to appear in the miniseries. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_264

The band are set to appear as the opening act for Ozzy Osbourne during his No More Tours II series, a North American tour beginning in May 2020. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_265

However the tour was eventually cancelled along with Manson's performances after Ozzy Osbourne was diagnosed with Parkinson's disease. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_266

On January 13, 2020, live bassist Juan Alderete was involved in a bicycle accident which left him with a diffuse axonal injury, a type of traumatic brain injury. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_267

A GoFundMe page has been created to help cover the cost of his medical expenses. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_268

On April 29, Manson and Jennings confirmed they had finished work on the band's eleventh studio album, with both calling it a "masterpiece". Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_269

On July 28, Manson announced that a new single titled "We Are Chaos" would be released the following day. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_270

The next day, the track was released alongside the announcement of the band's upcoming eleventh studio album titled We Are Chaos set for release on September 11, 2020. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_271

At the same time, the band revealed the album cover and the track list. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_272

The album debuted at number eight on the Billboard 200, making it their tenth top ten release on the chart. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_273

Musical style Marilyn Manson (band)_section_13

Although the band's music has often been labeled as shock rock by mainstream media, Manson disputes the use of the label, preferring instead to identify his band's music as rock and roll. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_274

Marilyn Manson's music has been classified under many genres, including industrial metal, industrial rock, industrial dance, post-industrial, alternative metal, progressive metal, hard rock, nu metal, electronic music, glam rock, gothic metal, death metal, blues rock and pop. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_275

Although Marilyn Manson's music has often been labelled gothic rock, AllMusic contends that the band merely borrows from gothic rock's imagery. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_276

From 1996 to his departure in 2002, Twiggy was their chief musical contributor, co-writing many of the band's biggest hits with Manson during this period. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_277

Despite never receiving a writing credit, drummer Ginger Fish provided substantial pre-production assistance to both Manson and Twiggy while composing demos for Antichrist Superstar. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_278

His drums loops and sound effects would go on to be predominantly featured on several tracks, most notably "The Beautiful People". Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_279

John 5 and Tim Sköld were also prevalent composers, while The Pale Emperor and Heaven Upside Down were composed entirely by Tyler Bates. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_280

All of the band's lyrics are written by Manson, whose songwriting style varies between albums. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_281

Utilizing aesthetics often found within spoken-word poetry, his writing features comedy, puns, and double entendres, and he makes frequent use of alliteration. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_282

The band's witticisms often take the form of neologisms, delivered several at a time in rapid-fire succession. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_283

Lyrical content has emerged from a wide range of subjects, including love, sex and sexuality, sexual abuse, consumerism, politics, revenge, suicide, capitalism, violence and mortality, as well as the Bible and Greek mythology. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_284

Manson predominantly delivers lyrics in a melodic fashion, although he invariably enhances his vocal register by utilizing several extended vocal techniques, such as vocal fry, screaming, growling and crooning. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_285

His voice can emit five different tones simultaneously, which mixing engineer Robert Carranza discovered can form a pentagram when imported into a phrasal analyzer. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_286

He possesses a baritone vocal type. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_287

His lowest bass note of A1 can be heard in "Arma-goddamn-motherfuckin-geddon", while his highest note, an E6 – the first note of the whistle register – can be heard on the Born Villain song "Hey, Cruel World ...". Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_288

Influences Marilyn Manson (band)_section_14

Manson's earliest musical memory was listening to Kiss during a family road trip; he has since cited the band as a major influence. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_289

As a child, he would imitate Kiss's kabuki-like makeup and draw pictures of Gene Simmons and Peter Criss. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_290

The earliest incarnation of the band was conceived by Manson at a Fort Lauderdale nightclub called The Reunion Room in December 1989, where he was introduced to Big Black's Songs About Fucking by his future keyboardist, Stephen Bier. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_291

Daisy Berkowitz played in several punk rock outfits before co-founding the Spooky Kids, and was influenced by acts such as the New York Dolls and the Jim Carroll Band, whose "People Who Died" was covered regularly at live shows. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_292

As its only permanent member, Manson heads the direction of the band's sound; he has been influenced by the shock rock of artists such as Arthur Brown, Alice Cooper, The Doors, Black Sabbath/Ozzy Osbourne and Iggy Pop. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_293

His biggest influence, however, was David Bowie, whom he credited with "changing [his] life forever". Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_294

The two have often been compared by mainstream media, particularly in relation to their ability to shift genre and style – replete with a new look and musical philosophy – with each studio release. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_295

Manson's two favorite songs are Bowie's "Quicksand" and "Ashes to Ashes". Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_296

For several years, Manson sang Bowie's "Cat People (Putting Out Fire)" as a vocal warm up exercise before live performances; he later covered the song with outlaw country musician Shooter Jennings. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_297

During their period at Nothing Records, the band's sound gathered sonic elements from other outfits on that label's roster, particularly Nine Inch Nails, with Reznor co-producing their first two studio albums. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_298

Manson has cited Queen as an influence on the band's more melodic work, while new wave and synthpop acts such as Depeche Mode and Gary Numan have been noted as influencing their electronic material. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_299

Manson said of the latter, "I was always into his apocalyptic fiction lyrics. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_300

He pioneered electronic dance music." Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_301

The work of gothic rock acts such as The Cure and Bauhaus has also been cited, with Twiggy saying that "as far as guitar and bass combinations go", Bauhaus's Daniel Ash and David J were "a really big influence". Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_302

Manson's other influences include the Beatles, Rihanna, White Zombie, Johnny Cash, Jimi Hendrix, N.W.A, The Smashing Pumpkins, Justin Timberlake, Led Zeppelin, the occult, horror comics, and the King James Bible. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_303

Impact and legacy Marilyn Manson (band)_section_15

Marilyn Manson have been credited with creating some of the most recognizable and visually defining music videos of the MTV Generation, with some commentators suggesting that their music videos played a significant role in the band's commercial success. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_304

Their work frequently incorporates surrealist iconography and purposefully grotesque imagery, and their style has been emulated by other performers. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_305

Joseph Schafer of Stereogum said in 2015 that "perhaps no single artist has mastered the music video as a medium so well [as Marilyn Manson]." Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_306

They have received numerous awards and accolades for their work. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_307

Three of their videos – "Sweet Dreams (Are Made of This)", "The Beautiful People" and "The Dope Show" – received a total of five MTV Video Music Award nominations, with the latter winning the Award for Best Cinematography at the 1999 ceremony. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_308

The clip for "The Dope Show" also won two awards at the 1998 Billboard Music Video Awards. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_309

"The Beautiful People" appeared at number fifty-four on MTV's list of the '100 Greatest Music Videos Ever Made'. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_310

as well as at number one-hundred on MuchMusic's 100 Greatest Videos Ever. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_311

Their 2003 video for "(s)AINT" was referred to by NME as "one of the most explicit music videos ever made", and was included in lists of the 'Most Controversial Music Videos' by both Time and SF Weekly. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_312

The band have received several Kerrang! Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_313 Awards throughout their career, and were inducted into the Kerrang! Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_314

Hall of Fame in 2000. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_315

Manson also received their Icon Award in 2005, as well as their Lifetime Achievement Award ten years later. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_316

The publication has ranked Holy Wood (In the Shadow of the Valley of Death) as the eleventh greatest rock album of the 2000s, and in 2015 they listed Manson as the twenty-eighth greatest rockstar in the world. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_317

VH1 included Marilyn Manson at seventy-eight on their list of the '100 Greatest Artists of Hard Rock', and also included "The Beautiful People" at number eighty-six on their list of the 100 Greatest Hard Rock Songs. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_318

Similarly, Gigwise included Manson at number thirty-six in their list of the '60 Greatest Solo Artists of All Time'. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_319

In 2016, Manson was presented with an Icon Award at the Alternative Press Music Awards. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_320

The band has also received four Grammy Award nominations, including two for Best Metal Performance, along with nominations for Best Hard Rock Performance and Best Hard Rock/Metal Performance. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_321

Marilyn Manson have sold over 50 million records worldwide. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_322

Several commentators have referred to the band's lead singer as being one of the most iconic and controversial figures in heavy metal music, with some going so far as to call him a "pop culture icon". Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_323

Paste magazine said there were "few artists in the 90s as shocking as Marilyn Manson, the most famous of the shock-rockers." Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_324

Rolling Stone editor Lorraine Ali credited Antichrist Superstar with marking the end of the reign of grunge within popular music, writing that Marilyn Manson "[offered] total escapism as a true alternative", elaborating that the album was "a volatile reaction to five years of earnest, post-Nirvana rock." Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_325

In 2003, Jon Wiederhorn of MTV called Manson "the only major performer today who can justifiably call himself an artist." Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_326

Graham Hartmann of Loudwire said that the band's best songs document "a career that is unlike any other that came before", highlighting their mix of a "rock 'n' roll mentality with profound lyrics narrating the progression of society in real time, Manson has developed a polarizing identity as both a beloved hero and a reviled villain." Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_327

Hannah Ewers of The Guardian wrote in 2016 that the band's music has "never been more relevant [than] at this time of cultural and political turbulence. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_328

Whether [his lyrics are addressing] America's gun crime problem, sexual abuse, religious hypocrisy or consumerism, Manson remains a relevant cultural figure rather than a 90s one, because he continues to address the times without lapsing into a parody", and opined: "As long as young people are angry (which they are), he will have listeners." Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_329

The band has been noted as influencing numerous groups within metal-associated genres, such as American Head Charge, Babymetal, Black Veil Brides, Combichrist, Kittie, Korn, Motionless in White, Murderdolls, Mushroomhead, New Years Day, September Mourning, Slipknot, and Vanna. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_330

Outside of heavy metal, both the band and its lead singer have inspired a diverse group of acts, including the Astroid Boys, Avril Lavigne, Charli XCX, Creeper, Die Antwoord, Eminem, Grimes, Halsey, Lady Gaga, Lana Del Rey, Lil Uzi Vert, Lisa Marie Presley, Muse, My Chemical Romance, Mykki Blanco, Natalia Kills, Porcelain Black, Salem, Skrillex, Skylar Grey and Years & Years. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_331

Garbage vocalist Shirley Manson has called Manson an "amazing figure and provocateur and agitator" and said that he was "always challenging you to think about the church, to think about sexuality and to think about society in different ways. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_332

We just don't have singers like that anymore." Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_333

Billy Corgan of The Smashing Pumpkins has commended Manson's manipulation of the culture of celebrity, saying: "He's very savvy, in that he lets people think things about him or plays into things to see what will happen, almost like a performance artist. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_334

He's a visionary in a way, because he identified a culture that was coming and now that culture is everywhere." Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_335

Controversies Marilyn Manson (band)_section_16

Further information: Antichrist Superstar § Controversies, and The Golden Age of Grotesque § Controversies Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_336

In December 1996, Secretary of Education William Bennett, along with U.S. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_337

Senator Joe Lieberman and former Pennsylvania Secretary of State C. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_338 DeLores Tucker, held a press conference wherein they questioned MCA – the owner of Interscope – president Edgar Bronfman Jr.'s ability to head the label competently whilst profiting from "profanity-laced" albums by artists such as Tupac Shakur, Snoop Doggy Dogg and Marilyn Manson. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_339

The following November, Representative Sam Brownback chaired a hearing of the Committee on Government Affairs. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_340

At this subcommittee, Lieberman once again criticized the band's music, calling it "vile, hateful, nihilistic and damaging", and repeated his request that Seagram – then-owner of MCA – "start ... disassociating itself from Marilyn Manson." Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_341

The subcommittee also heard from Raymond Kuntz, of Burlington, North Dakota, who blamed his son Richard's suicide on Antichrist Superstar—specifically the song "The Reflecting God". Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_342

The band's live performances have also come under fire—the Dead to the World Tour, in particular, was followed by protesters at nearly every North American venue it visited. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_343

Several states, including Utah, South Carolina and Virginia, passed legislation specifically targeting the group, which banned them from performing in state-operated venues. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_344

These laws would later be repealed, following separate lawsuits from fans, the American Civil Liberties Union, and Ozzy Osbourne, who sued the New Jersey Sports and Exposition Authority after they forced the cancellation of the New Jersey date of the 1997 Ozzfest at Giants Stadium. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_345

On June 30, 2003, the mutilated body of fourteen-year old schoolgirl Jodi Jones was discovered in woodland near her home in Easthouses, Scotland. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_346

The injuries sustained by Jones closely resembled those of actress Elizabeth Short, who was murdered in 1947 and was popularly referred to by media as the Black Dahlia. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_347

Jones's boyfriend, then-fifteen year old Luke Mitchell, was arrested on suspicion of her murder ten months later. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_348

During a search of his home, detectives confiscated a copy of The Golden Age of Grotesque containing the short film Doppelherz. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_349

It was purchased two days after Jones's death. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_350

A ten-minute excerpt from the film, as well as several paintings by Manson depicting the Black Dahlia's mutilated body, were presented as evidence during the trial. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_351

Mitchell was found guilty of murder and sentenced to serve a minimum of twenty years in prison. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_352

The band's scheduled appearance at the Park Live Festival in Moscow on June 27, 2014 was canceled moments before they were due to arrive on stage, after authorities received numerous bomb threats, while hundreds of activists affiliated with the Russian Orthodox Church protested outside the venue. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_353

The incident culminated in the assault of several members of the band and crew near their hotel. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_354

Two days later, a performance in Novosibirsk was also canceled when authorities refused to grant permission for the show to go ahead, accusing Manson of insulting the beliefs of the Orthodox church and of "promoting sadomasochism". Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_355

Later that year, Manson garnered significant media attention when a video depicting the simulated rape of Lana Del Rey was posted onto YouTube by production company Sturmgruppe. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_356

The video, titled "Sturmgruppe 2013 Reel", showed simulated footage of film director Eli Roth attacking Del Rey, which was interspersed by unrelated images from two of the band's previous music videos—"No Reflection" and "Slo-Mo-Tion". Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_357

Manson's representatives released a statement to Billboard denying any involvement in the production of the rape scenes. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_358

In October 2017, Twiggy Ramirez was accused of sexually assault by ex-girlfriend Jessicka Addams during their relationship in the mid-90s. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_359

Soon after, Manson announced that he had "decided to part ways" with his longterm bassist. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_360

Several days later, Ramirez released a statement which said: "I have only recently been made aware of these allegations from over 20 years ago. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_361

I do not condone non-consensual sex of any kind. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_362

I will be taking some time to spend with my family and focus on maintaining my several years of sobriety. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_363

If I have caused anyone pain, I apologize and truly regret it." Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_364

School shootings Marilyn Manson (band)_section_17

Columbine massacre Marilyn Manson (band)_section_18

Main article: Columbine High School massacre Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_365

Further information: Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_366

On April 20, 1999, Columbine High School students Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold killed twelve students and a teacher, and wounded twenty-one others before committing suicide. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_367

In the days following the massacre, media reports surfaced alleging that they were influenced by violence in entertainment, specifically movies, video games and music. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_368

The pair were widely reported as being fans of German bands KMFDM and Rammstein, but the majority of blame was directed at Marilyn Manson. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_369

Five days after the incident, longtime music industry critics Republican former Secretary of Education William Bennett and Democratic U.S. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_370

Senator Joseph Lieberman cited the band as a contributing factor to the massacre during an appearance on Meet the Press. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_371

Soon after, sensationalist headlines such as "Killers Worshipped Rock Freak Manson" and "Devil-Worshipping Maniac Told Kids To Kill" began appearing in media coverage of the tragedy (such as Fox News). Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_372

The Mayor of Denver, Wellington Webb, successfully petitioned promoters to cancel KBPI-FM's annual 'Birthday Bash', at which the band was scheduled to appear. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_373

Coloradoan politicians such as Governor Bill Owens and Republican Representative Tom Tancredo accused Manson of promoting "hate, violence, death, suicide, drug use and the attitudes and actions of the Columbine High School killers." Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_374

Later reports stated that neither Harris or Klebold were fans of Marilyn Manson. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_375

The band canceled the remaining four dates of the Rock Is Dead Tour out of respect for the victims, while maintaining that music, movies, books or video games were not to blame. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_376

Eleven days after the massacre, Manson wrote an op-ed piece for Rolling Stone, titled "Columbine: Whose Fault Is It? Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_377

", where he rebuked the ensuing hysteria and "witch hunt", and castigated America's gun culture, the political influence of the National Rifle Association, and the media's culpability in similarly violent events in the future – through their irresponsible coverage – in facilitating the placement of blame on a scapegoat, instead of informing the populace of genuine societal issues. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_378

Other shootings Marilyn Manson (band)_section_19

The controversy connecting the band and school shootings continued on October 10, 2007, when 14-year-old SuccessTech Academy student Asa Coon shot four people before committing suicide. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_379

After being punched in the face by another student while exiting a bathroom, he shot his attacker – Michael Peek – in the abdomen. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_380

Armed with two revolvers, he then proceeded down a hallway, where he wounded another student and two teachers by firing into two occupied classrooms, before entering a nearby bathroom and committing suicide. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_381

Coon was wearing a black Marilyn Manson T-shirt during the incident. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_382

On May 18, 2009, 15-year-old Justin Doucet, a student at Larose Middle School in Lafourche Parish, Louisiana, entered the school armed with a .25-caliber Automatic Colt Pistol. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_383

When seventh-grade teacher Jessica Plaisance refused to comply with Doucet's demand to say "Hail Marilyn Manson", he fired two shots, narrowly missing her head, before turning the gun on himself. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_384

He died from his injuries a week later. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_385

Band members Marilyn Manson (band)_section_20

Further information: List of Marilyn Manson band members Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_386

Current members Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_387

Marilyn Manson (band)_unordered_list_0

  • Marilyn Manson – lead vocals, guitars, keyboards, programming, percussion, tambourine, saxophone, pan flute (1989–present)Marilyn Manson (band)_item_0_0
  • Paul Wiley – guitars, programming, backing vocals (2018–present; touring 2014–2018)Marilyn Manson (band)_item_0_1
  • Juan Alderete – bass, backing vocals (2018–present; touring 2017–2018)Marilyn Manson (band)_item_0_2
  • Brandon Pertzborn – drums (2019–present)Marilyn Manson (band)_item_0_3

Former members Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_388

Marilyn Manson (band)_unordered_list_1

  • Zsa Zsa Speck – keyboards (1990)Marilyn Manson (band)_item_1_4
  • Olivia Newton Bundy – bass (1989–1990)Marilyn Manson (band)_item_1_5
  • Gidget Gein – bass (1990–1993; died 2008)Marilyn Manson (band)_item_1_6
  • Sara Lee Lucas – drums, programming (1991–1995)Marilyn Manson (band)_item_1_7
  • Daisy Berkowitz – guitars, programming, percussion, harmonica (1989–1996; died 2017)Marilyn Manson (band)_item_1_8
  • Zim Zum – guitars, keyboards (1996–1998)Marilyn Manson (band)_item_1_9
  • John 5 – guitars, keyboards (1998–2004)Marilyn Manson (band)_item_1_10
  • Madonna Wayne Gacy – keyboards, synthesizers, programming, samples, percussion, brass instruments (1990–2007)Marilyn Manson (band)_item_1_11
  • Tim Sköld – bass, guitars, keyboards, backing vocals (2002–2008)Marilyn Manson (band)_item_1_12
  • Ginger Fish – drums, programming (1995–2011)Marilyn Manson (band)_item_1_13
  • Chris Vrenna – keyboards, synthesizers, programming, samples (2007–2011); drums (2011; touring 2004–2005)Marilyn Manson (band)_item_1_14
  • Fred Sablan – bass, guitars (2010–2014)Marilyn Manson (band)_item_1_15
  • Twiggy Ramirez – bass, guitars, keyboards, backing vocals (1993–2002, 2008–2014; touring 2014–2017)Marilyn Manson (band)_item_1_16
  • Tyler Bates – guitars, keyboards, backing vocals (2014–2015, 2015–2018)Marilyn Manson (band)_item_1_17
  • Gil Sharone – drums (2014–2019)Marilyn Manson (band)_item_1_18

Marilyn Manson (band)_description_list_2

Marilyn Manson (band)_unordered_list_3

  • Mark Chaussee – guitars (2004–2005)Marilyn Manson (band)_item_3_19
  • Rob Holliday – guitars (2008); bass, backing vocals (2007–2008)Marilyn Manson (band)_item_3_20
  • Wes Borland – guitars (2008–2009)Marilyn Manson (band)_item_3_21
  • Andy Gerold – bass (2009)Marilyn Manson (band)_item_3_22
  • Jason Sutter – drums (2012–2013)Marilyn Manson (band)_item_3_23
  • Spencer Rollins – keyboards, guitars (2013)Marilyn Manson (band)_item_3_24
  • Daniel Fox – keyboards, percussion (2015–2017)Marilyn Manson (band)_item_3_25

Discography Marilyn Manson (band)_section_21

Main article: Marilyn Manson discography Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_389

Marilyn Manson (band)_unordered_list_4

Tours Marilyn Manson (band)_section_22

Marilyn Manson (band)_unordered_list_5

Awards and nominations Marilyn Manson (band)_section_23

For a more comprehensive list, see List of awards and nominations received by Marilyn Manson. Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_390

Grammy Awards Marilyn Manson (band)_sentence_391

Marilyn Manson (band)_table_general_1

YearMarilyn Manson (band)_header_cell_1_0_0 Nominee / workMarilyn Manson (band)_header_cell_1_0_1 AwardMarilyn Manson (band)_header_cell_1_0_2 ResultMarilyn Manson (band)_header_cell_1_0_3 Ref.Marilyn Manson (band)_header_cell_1_0_4
1999Marilyn Manson (band)_header_cell_1_1_0 "The Dope Show"Marilyn Manson (band)_cell_1_1_1 Best Hard Rock PerformanceMarilyn Manson (band)_cell_1_1_2 NominatedMarilyn Manson (band)_cell_1_1_3 Marilyn Manson (band)_cell_1_1_4
2001Marilyn Manson (band)_header_cell_1_2_0 "Astonishing Panorama of the Endtimes"Marilyn Manson (band)_cell_1_2_1 Best Metal PerformanceMarilyn Manson (band)_cell_1_2_2 NominatedMarilyn Manson (band)_cell_1_2_3
2004Marilyn Manson (band)_header_cell_1_3_0 "mOBSCENE"Marilyn Manson (band)_cell_1_3_1 NominatedMarilyn Manson (band)_cell_1_3_2
2013Marilyn Manson (band)_header_cell_1_4_0 "No Reflection"Marilyn Manson (band)_cell_1_4_1 Best Hard Rock/Metal PerformanceMarilyn Manson (band)_cell_1_4_2 NominatedMarilyn Manson (band)_cell_1_4_3

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: Manson (band).