Matanzas

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For other uses, see Matanzas (disambiguation). Matanzas_sentence_0

Matanzas_table_infobox_0

Matanzas

San Carlos y San Severino de MatanzasMatanzas_header_cell_0_0_0

CountryMatanzas_header_cell_0_1_0 CubaMatanzas_cell_0_1_1
ProvinceMatanzas_header_cell_0_2_0 MatanzasMatanzas_cell_0_2_1
SettledMatanzas_header_cell_0_3_0 1572Matanzas_cell_0_3_1
FoundedMatanzas_header_cell_0_4_0 1693Matanzas_cell_0_4_1
EstablishedMatanzas_header_cell_0_5_0 1695Matanzas_cell_0_5_1
AreaMatanzas_header_cell_0_6_0
TotalMatanzas_header_cell_0_7_0 317 km (122 sq mi)Matanzas_cell_0_7_1
ElevationMatanzas_header_cell_0_8_0 20 m (70 ft)Matanzas_cell_0_8_1
Population (2012)Matanzas_header_cell_0_9_0
TotalMatanzas_header_cell_0_10_0 145,246Matanzas_cell_0_10_1
DensityMatanzas_header_cell_0_11_0 460/km (1,200/sq mi)Matanzas_cell_0_11_1
Demonym(s)Matanzas_header_cell_0_12_0 Matancero/aMatanzas_cell_0_12_1
Time zoneMatanzas_header_cell_0_13_0 UTC-5 (EST)Matanzas_cell_0_13_1
Postal codeMatanzas_header_cell_0_14_0 40100Matanzas_cell_0_14_1
Area code(s)Matanzas_header_cell_0_15_0 +53 52Matanzas_cell_0_15_1

Matanzas (Cuban Spanish pronunciation: [maˈtansas) is the capital of the Cuban province of Matanzas. Matanzas_sentence_1

Known for its poets, culture, and Afro-Cuban folklore, it is located on the northern shore of the island of Cuba, on the Bay of Matanzas (Spanish Bahia de Matanzas), 90 kilometres (56 mi) east of the capital Havana and 32 kilometres (20 mi) west of the resort town of Varadero. Matanzas_sentence_2

Matanzas is called the City of Bridges, for the seventeen bridges that cross the three rivers that traverse the city (Rio Yumuri, San Juan, and Canimar). Matanzas_sentence_3

For this reason it was referred to as the "Venice of Cuba." Matanzas_sentence_4

It was also called "La Atenas de Cuba" ("The Athens of Cuba") for its poets. Matanzas_sentence_5

Matanzas is known as the birthplace of the music and dance traditions danzón and rumba. Matanzas_sentence_6

History Matanzas_section_0

See also: Timeline of Matanzas Matanzas_sentence_7

Matanzas was founded in 1693 as San Carlos y San Severino de Matanzas. Matanzas_sentence_8

This followed a royal decree ("real cédula") issued on September 25, 1690, which decreed that the bay and port of Matanzas be settled by 30 families from the Canary Islands. Matanzas_sentence_9

Matanzas was one of the regions that saw intensive development of sugar plantations during the colonial era. Matanzas_sentence_10

Consequently, many African slaves were imported to support the sugar industry, particularly during the first half of the nineteenth century. Matanzas_sentence_11

For example, in 1792 there were 1900 slaves in Matanzas, roughly 30% of its population. Matanzas_sentence_12

In 1817, the slave population of Matanzas had grown to 10,773, comprising nearly 50% of the overall population. Matanzas_sentence_13

By 1841, 53,331 slaves made up 62.7% of the population of Matanzas. Matanzas_sentence_14

Census figures for 1859 put the Matanzas slave population at 104,519. Matanzas_sentence_15

Matanzas was the site of several slave insurrections and plots, including the infamous Escalera conspiracy (discovered in late 1843). Matanzas_sentence_16

Due to the high number of both slaves and, importantly, free Afro-Cubans in Matanzas, the retention of African traditions is especially strong there. Matanzas_sentence_17

In 1898, Matanzas became the location of the first action in the Spanish–American War. Matanzas_sentence_18

The city was bombarded by American Navy vessels on April 25, 1898, just after the beginning of the war. Matanzas_sentence_19

Name origin Matanzas_section_1

The name Matanzas means "" and refers to a putative slaughter in 1510 at the port of the same name, in which 30 Spanish soldiers tried to cross one of the rivers to attack an aboriginal camp on the far shore. Matanzas_sentence_20

The Spanish soldiers had no boats, so they enlisted the help of native fishermen. Matanzas_sentence_21

However, once they reached the middle of the river, the fishermen flipped the boats, and due to the Spanish soldiers' heavy metal armor, most of them drowned. Matanzas_sentence_22

Only two women—one said to be the beautiful María de Estrada—survived, the result of being taken by a Cacique. Matanzas_sentence_23

De Estrada is said to have later escaped the "power of the Cacique" and married Pedro Sánchez Farfán in the city of Trinidad. Matanzas_sentence_24

According to municipal historian Arnaldo Jimenez de la Cal, "[i]t was the first act of rebellion of natives in Cuba." Matanzas_sentence_25

Geography Matanzas_section_2

The city is located on the north shore of the island of Cuba, on all three sides of the Bay of Matanzas. Matanzas_sentence_26

The bay cuts deep in the island, and three rivers flow in the bay inside city limits (Rio Yumuri, San Juan, and Canimar). Matanzas_sentence_27

To the south-east, the landscape rises into a hill called Pan de Matanzas, divided from the Atlantic coast by the Yumuri Valley and a coastal ridge. Matanzas_sentence_28

The city of Matanzas is divided into three neighborhoods: Versalles, Matanzas, and Pueblo Nuevo. Matanzas_sentence_29

The municipality is divided into the barrios of Bachicha, Bailén, Barracones, Bellamar, Camarioca, Cárcel, Ceiba Mocha, Colón, Corral Nuevo, Guanábana, Ojo de Agua, Refugio, San Luis, San Severino, Simpson y Monserrate, Versalles and Yumurí. Matanzas_sentence_30

Demographics Matanzas_section_3

In 2004, the municipality of Matanzas had a population of 143,706. Matanzas_sentence_31

With a total area of 317 km (122 sq mi), it has a population density of 453.3/km (1,174/sq mi). Matanzas_sentence_32

Infrastructure Matanzas_section_4

Transportation Matanzas_section_5

Air Matanzas_section_6

Matanzas is served by Juan Gualberto Gómez Airport, 15 km east of the city. Matanzas_sentence_33

Rail Matanzas_section_7

The city has two railway stations. Matanzas_sentence_34

The main station is on the main line from Havana to Santiago de Cuba. Matanzas_sentence_35

The electrified Hershey train operates by a different route to Havana from a separate station in the barrio of Versalles. Matanzas_sentence_36

Buses Matanzas_section_8

Matanzas is also served by Viazul and Astro buses. Matanzas_sentence_37

Tramway Matanzas_section_9

After two failed attempts Matanzas had a tramway in 1916 (initially as Ferrocarril Eléctrico de Matanzas, then as city owned Compañía de Servicios Públicos de Matanzas in 1918 and Compañía de Tranvías de Matanzas in 1926). Matanzas_sentence_38

In 1952 it acquired tramcars from Havana Electric Railway, but converted with buses by new owners Omnibus Urbanos SA in 1954. Matanzas_sentence_39

Roads Matanzas_section_10

The Via Blanca highway connects the city with both Havana in the west and Varadero in the east. Matanzas_sentence_40

Education Matanzas_section_11

The University of Matanzas is the province's high learning education institution. Matanzas_sentence_41

Attractions Matanzas_section_12

Matanzas_unordered_list_0

  • Pharmaceutical Museum - established in 1882Matanzas_item_0_0
  • Museo Historico Provincial de Matanzas - Provincial History MuseumMatanzas_item_0_1
  • Sauto Theater - Teatro Sauto - Opened in 1863, the theatre hosts plays, opera, ballet, and symphonic concerts. It is a National Monument of Cuba.Matanzas_item_0_2
  • Catedral San Carlos De BorromeoMatanzas_item_0_3
  • nearby Bellamar caves, also a National Monument of Cuba.Matanzas_item_0_4
  • boating on the Canimar RiverMatanzas_item_0_5
  • Matanzas bridgesMatanzas_item_0_6
  • Casino Español - Now being restored (May 2008).Matanzas_item_0_7
  • Matanzas High School (Palm Coast)Matanzas_item_0_8
  • Necropolis de San Carlos BorromeoMatanzas_item_0_9
  • Quinta de Bellamar, heritage house and churchMatanzas_item_0_10

Monuments Matanzas_section_13

The Aqueduct of Matanzas, today a national monument, was built in 1870 and is still providing the City with Water from the spring Manantial de Bello. Matanzas_sentence_42

An ingenious construction built 1912 exploited and till 1912 by Fernando Heydrich and Company. Matanzas_sentence_43

Notable people Matanzas_section_14

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Matanzas.