Maturidi

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Maturidiyya (Arabic: الماتريدية‎) is one of the main schools of Sunni Islamic theology. Maturidi_sentence_0

It was formalized by Abu Mansur Al Maturidi and brought the beliefs already present among the majority of Sunnis under one school of systematic theology (kalam) and emphasised rationality and rationalism. Maturidi_sentence_1

It is considered one of the orthodox Sunni creeds alongside the Ash'ari school. Maturidi_sentence_2

Māturīdism has been the predominant theological orientation among the Sunni Muslims of Persia prior to its conversion to Shiaism in the 16th century, Hanafis, and the Ahl al-Ray (people of reason) and enjoyed a preeminent status in the Ottoman Empire and Mughal India. Maturidi_sentence_3

Outside the old Ottoman and Mughal empires, the majority of Turkic tribes, Central Asian, and South Asian Muslims also believe in Maturidi theology. Maturidi_sentence_4

There have also been Arab Maturidi scholars. Maturidi_sentence_5

Beliefs Maturidi_section_0

The Maturidi view holds that: Maturidi_sentence_6

Maturidi_unordered_list_0

  • All attributes of God are eternal and not separated from God.Maturidi_item_0_0
  • Ethics have an objective existence and humans are capable of recognizing it through reason.Maturidi_item_0_1
  • Although humans are intellectually capable of realizing God, they need revelations and guidance of Prophets, because human desire can divert the intellect and because certain knowledge of God has been specially given to these Prophets (e.g. the Quran was revealed to Muhammad, who was given this special knowledge from God and only through Muhammad did this knowledge become accessible to others).Maturidi_item_0_2
  • Humans are free in determining their actions within scope of God-given possibilities. Accordingly, God has created all possibilities, but humans are free to choose.Maturidi_item_0_3
  • The Quran is the uncreated word of God, however when it takes form (in sound or letters) it is created.Maturidi_item_0_4
  • The Six articles of faith.Maturidi_item_0_5
  • Religious authorities need reasonable arguments to prove their claims.Maturidi_item_0_6
  • Support of science and falsafa.Maturidi_item_0_7
  • The Maturidis state that iman (faith) does not increase nor decrease depending on one's deeds; it is rather taqwa (piety) which increases and decreases. The Ash'aris say that faith itself increases or decreases according to one's actions.Maturidi_item_0_8

Maturidism holds that humans are creatures endowed with reason which differentiates them from animals. Maturidi_sentence_7

Further, the relationship between people and God differs from that of nature and God; humans are endowed with free-will, but due to God's sovereignty, God creates the acts the humans choose, so humans can perform them. Maturidi_sentence_8

Ethics can be understood just by reason and do not need prophetic guidance. Maturidi_sentence_9

Maturidi also consider hadiths to be unreliable when they are at odds with reason. Maturidi_sentence_10

Further, Maturidism opposes anthropomorphism and similitude, but simultaneously does not deny the divine attributes. Maturidi_sentence_11

See also Maturidi_section_1

Maturidi_unordered_list_1


Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maturidi.