Maynard James Keenan

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Maynard James Keenan_table_infobox_0

Maynard James KeenanMaynard James Keenan_header_cell_0_0_0
Background informationMaynard James Keenan_header_cell_0_1_0
Birth nameMaynard James Keenan_header_cell_0_2_0 James Herbert KeenanMaynard James Keenan_cell_0_2_1
BornMaynard James Keenan_header_cell_0_3_0 (1964-04-17) April 17, 1964 (age 56)

Ravenna, Ohio, U.S.Maynard James Keenan_cell_0_3_1

GenresMaynard James Keenan_header_cell_0_4_0 Maynard James Keenan_cell_0_4_1
Occupation(s)Maynard James Keenan_header_cell_0_5_0 Maynard James Keenan_cell_0_5_1
InstrumentsMaynard James Keenan_header_cell_0_6_0 Maynard James Keenan_cell_0_6_1
Years activeMaynard James Keenan_header_cell_0_7_0 1986–presentMaynard James Keenan_cell_0_7_1
Associated actsMaynard James Keenan_header_cell_0_8_0 Maynard James Keenan_cell_0_8_1

Maynard James Keenan (born James Herbert Keenan; April 17, 1964) is an American singer, songwriter, musician, record producer, actor, martial artist, and winemaker. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_0

He is best known as the lead singer and primary lyricist of the rock band Tool, with whom he has released five studio albums, A Perfect Circle, with whom he has released four studio albums, and Puscifer, with whom he has released four studio albums. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_1

Originally from Ohio, Keenan spent his high school and college years in Michigan. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_2

He joined the Army after graduating from high school. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_3

After leaving the Army, he attended the Kendall College of Art and Design in Grand Rapids, Michigan. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_4

He relocated to Los Angeles in 1988 to pursue a career in interior design and set construction, and formed Tool with Adam Jones shortly thereafter. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_5

In addition to his music career, Keenan owns Merkin Vineyards and Caduceus Cellars in Arizona, where he resides. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_6

Since rising to fame, he has been noted as a recluse, although he does emerge to support charitable causes and for the occasional interview. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_7

He has also ventured into acting. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_8

Early life Maynard James Keenan_section_0

James Herbert Keenan was born in Ravenna, Ohio, on April 17, 1964, the only child of Southern Baptists Judith Marie (née Dougherty; November 22, 1943 – June 18, 2003) and Michael Loren Keenan. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_9

He is of Irish and Italian descent. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_10

When his parents divorced in 1968, his father moved to Scottville, Michigan, and Keenan would only see him about once a year for the next 12 years. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_11

His mother remarried, bringing Keenan into an "intolerant and unworldly household" where his intelligence and creative expression would be stifled. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_12

His mother suffered a paralyzing subarachnoid hemorrhage due to a ruptured cerebral aneurysm in 1976 when Keenan was 11, and this incident would later serve as the inspiration for songs such as Tool's "Jimmy" and "Wings for Marie" and A Perfect Circle's "Judith". Maynard James Keenan_sentence_13

A few years later, she persuaded Keenan to live with his father in Scottville, which he considers "the best move [he] ever made". Maynard James Keenan_sentence_14

In 1982, he graduated from Mason County Central High School in Scottville, where he was a member of the wrestling team. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_15

His father was one of the coaches for the team and left coaching at the same time Keenan graduated in 1982. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_16

Inspired by Bill Murray's performance in the 1981 comedy film Stripes, Keenan joined the United States Army, with the intention of having the G.I. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_17 Bill fund his dream of attending art school. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_18

By this point, he had lived in Kansas, Michigan, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, and Texas. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_19

He initially served in the Army as a forward observer before studying at West Point Prep School from 1983 to 1984. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_20

In addition to completing a rigorous math and English curriculum, Keenan wrestled, ran on the cross country team, and sang in the glee club. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_21

It was during his time in the military that he adopted the sobriquet "Maynard" on a whim, based on a fictional character he had created in high school. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_22

He was distinguished in basic and advanced training, but declined an appointment to West Point and instead chose to pursue a music career because of his disillusionment with his colleagues' values and because he knew West Point would not tolerate his dissidence. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_23

Music career Maynard James Keenan_section_1

Early bands Maynard James Keenan_section_2

Upon completing his term of prep school, Keenan studied art at Kendall College of Art and Design in Grand Rapids, Michigan. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_24

From there he moved to Somerville, Massachusetts, where his love of animals led him to practice interior design for a Boston-area pet store. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_25

He was transferred to a store in Los Angeles, before he was quickly fired and began working in set construction. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_26

During the 1980s, Keenan played bass guitar for TexA.N.S. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_27

and sang for Children of the Anachronistic Dynasty, both independent bands. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_28

During this time, he wrote an early version of "Sober", later Tool's first successful single. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_29

He also (with future Tool bandmate Danny Carey) performed live and recorded with Green Jellö between 1990 and 1993, playing guitar and performing backup vocals as the voice of one of the pigs on the band's hit song "Three Little Pigs" on their debut album Cereal Killer, and appearing in the music video for "Slave Boy" on the band's follow-up LP 333. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_30

Around this time he also struck up a friendship with Tom Morello, who has credited Keenan with introducing him to Drop D tuning. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_31

Keenan spent time jamming with Morello and Brad Wilk, as did Zack de la Rocha: Morello and Wilk considered Keenan and de la Rocha as candidates for the vocalist with what would become Rage Against the Machine before deciding to ask the latter. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_32

Tool Maynard James Keenan_section_3

Main article: Tool (band) Maynard James Keenan_sentence_33

After moving to Los Angeles, Keenan met Adam Jones who had in college heard him singing on a demo. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_34

Impressed with Keenan's vocals, Jones suggested that they form a band. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_35

Reluctant, Keenan eventually agreed and, in 1990, Tool was formed. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_36

Fronted by Keenan, the eventual lineup included guitarist Jones; his neighbor, drummer Danny Carey; and bassist Paul D'Amour, who would later be replaced by Justin Chancellor. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_37

Tool signed to Zoo Entertainment in November 1991 and released the Opiate EP the following year. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_38

To support this release, the band toured with Fishbone and Rage Against the Machine. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_39

Shortly thereafter, Tool released their 1993 debut album, Undertow, in the United States. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_40

It was certified gold after just eight months, and platinum less than a year later. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_41

In 1994, the band released their single "Prison Sex" with a corresponding music video created and directed by Jones. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_42

The video was deemed "too graphic and offensive", and was withdrawn by MTV after a few airings due to "a symbolic dealing with the sensitive subject of child abuse". Maynard James Keenan_sentence_43

In October 1996, the band released their second studio album, Ænima. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_44

The album was certified gold in ten weeks, achieved double platinum in ten months, and won the Grammy Award for Best Metal Performance in 1998. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_45

After the release of the album, Tool began a prolonged legal battle with their label, Volcano Records (formerly Zoo Records), over contract violations. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_46

Following this legal battle, which resulted in a new three-record deal, the members of Tool decided to take some time off. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_47

During the hiatus, Keenan went under the alias "Gaylord C." while collaborating with Tim Alexander of Primus and Mike Bordin of Faith No More on "Choked", a track on the 1997 drumming compilation Flyin' Traps. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_48

The band members were outspokenly critical of networks, due to the negative financial effect on artists dependent on success in record sales. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_49

During an interview with NY Rock in 2000, Keenan stated, "I think there are a lot of other industries out there that might deserve being destroyed. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_50

The ones who get hurt by MP3s are not so much companies or the business, but the artists, people who are trying to write songs." Maynard James Keenan_sentence_51

Five years after the release of Ænima, Tool announced a new album, Systema Encéphale, with a 12-song track list in January 2001. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_52

A month later, the band revealed that the new album was actually titled Lateralus and that the previous announcement had been a ruse. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_53

The album was released in May 2001 to positive reviews. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_54

Known for his "dark, intelligent, compelling, and unexpected lyrical twists", Keenan was acclaimed for his songwriting on the album, in which he "doesn't cross the line from darkness to ugliness ... as often as he has in the past". Maynard James Keenan_sentence_55

In an interview with NY Rock, Keenan explained, "Everything we release with Tool is inspired by our music. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_56

It doesn't matter if it is a video or if its lyrics. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_57

The lyrics for "Schism" are nothing more than my interpretation of the music." Maynard James Keenan_sentence_58

The album became a worldwide success, reaching No. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_59

1 on the U.S. Billboard 200 albums chart in its debut week, and Tool received their second Grammy Award for the best metal performance of 2001 for "Schism". Maynard James Keenan_sentence_60

In 2002, Keenan recorded a song called "Fallen" with Thirty Seconds to Mars that was released on the band's self-titled debut album. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_61

15 years after the band's formation, Tool had acquired what Dan Epstein of Revolver described as a devoted "cult" following, and in May 2006 the band released 10,000 Days, an album in which Keenan sang about more personal issues in contrast to previous attempts to inspire change. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_62

His mother, who inspired the song "Jimmy" on Ænima, also served as the inspiration for "Jambi", and the two-part song "Wings for Marie" and "10,000 Days (Wings for Marie, Pt 2)", which deals with her 2003 death after 27 years, or around 10,000 days, of suffering. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_63

The album sold 564,000 copies in its opening week in the U.S. and was No. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_64

1 on the Billboard 200 charts. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_65

However, 10,000 Days was received less favorably by critics than its predecessor Lateralus had been. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_66

Following 10,000 Days, Tool had one album remaining to fulfill the obligation of its record contract. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_67

Over the course of the following years, the band slowly made progress towards its fifth studio release. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_68

Tool has worked around Keenan and his side projects since 1999, starting with the creation of A Perfect Circle, which has led to several years between projects. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_69

Regarding the future of Tool, Keenan stated in a 2007 interview with Spin, "We'll make music together until one of us is dead." Maynard James Keenan_sentence_70

On March 24, 2009, a summer tour was announced on Tool's website, and in a March 26 press release Tool was confirmed as a headliner for the second annual Mile High Music Festival in Commerce City, Colorado, with Widespread Panic and The Fray. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_71

Tool also headlined Lollapalooza 2009 in Chicago, Illinois. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_72

On August 7, 2019, Tool released the title track for Fear Inoculum across all streaming services. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_73

A Perfect Circle Maynard James Keenan_section_4

Main article: A Perfect Circle Maynard James Keenan_sentence_74

During Tool's post-Ænima hiatus to deal with their legal issues, Keenan began working with Billy Howerdel, Tool's guitar tech through the Ænima tour, on a different project. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_75

The supergroup they formed, A Perfect Circle, began performing in 1999 and released its first album Mer de Noms in 2000. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_76

They released a successful follow-up in 2003 titled Thirteenth Step, a reference to twelve-step programs (many of the songs were written from the perspective of recovery). Maynard James Keenan_sentence_77

Both albums were eventually certified platinum. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_78

Their subsequent 2004 album, eMOTIVe, was primarily composed of covers, except for the singles "Counting Bodies Like Sheep to the Rhythm of the War Drums"—a song inspired by "Pet" that was originally released on Thirteenth Step—and "Passive". Maynard James Keenan_sentence_79

Keenan later characterized the record as a political album with which he "tested the waters" and was subsequently "crucified" for it because of the content. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_80

It was certified gold the month after its release. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_81

That same year they released the DVD and CD set entitled aMotion, which was certified platinum within a month of its release. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_82

Howerdel reported in a May 2006 interview with MTV that the supergroup's work was concluded for the time being. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_83

After more than two years since the band's last release, Keenan was asked about the status of A Perfect Circle during an interview with Revolver. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_84

He stated: Maynard James Keenan_sentence_85

When asked, in an interview for Spin that same month, about the possibility of another A Perfect Circle album, Keenan stated, "Maybe, someday, a song on a soundtrack. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_86

But an album? Maynard James Keenan_sentence_87

No." Maynard James Keenan_sentence_88

A year later, on December 9, 2008, reported that Keenan had announced on The Pulse of Radio that he and Howerdel have been writing new music for A Perfect Circle. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_89

Keenan also said that the band has no plans to resume full-scale touring, or even to write and record a new album. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_90

Instead, they will focus on "one or two songs at a time", which will most likely be released via the Internet. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_91

However, in November 2010, the band returned from a nearly six-and-a-half-year hiatus with a 14-show tour in the western US. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_92

Touring resumed in May 2011 with a North American tour across the US and Canada that wrapped up at the end of August. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_93

The band performed only once in 2012 with a show of December 29 in Las Vegas, followed by a five-show Australian tour and a three-show South American tour in early 2013. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_94

Puscifer Maynard James Keenan_section_5

Main article: Puscifer Maynard James Keenan_sentence_95

In 2003, Keenan surfaced under the name "Puscifer" for the song "REV 22:20" on the Underworld film soundtrack. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_96

Puscifer was once advertised as a side project with Danny Lohner, who had formerly performed live with Nine Inch Nails, but has since been "formed as a manifestation of [Keenan's] creative subconscious"—interpreted to mean that the name is now a pseudonym for his solo work. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_97

Keenan has stated that it is "a premiere improvisational hardcore band", and his "catch-all, stream of consciousness, anything goes, etc." project. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_98

When comparing the project to Tool in an interview with Rolling Stone, Keenan described it as his "attempt to make music to inspire people. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_99

... Maynard James Keenan_sentence_100

This is definitely not thinking man's music, but groove-oriented music that makes you feel good." Maynard James Keenan_sentence_101

In a later interview with Artistdirect, Keenan said that he did not want the lyrics to be puzzles. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_102

He wanted the complexity to be in the music, stating "that's the part that gets under your skin and makes you feel good." Maynard James Keenan_sentence_103

In 2006, Puscifer contributed the song "The Undertaker (Renholder Mix)" to the soundtrack of Underworld: Evolution, where "Renholder", a moniker for Danny Lohner created by the members of A Perfect Circle, is the reversal of "Re: D Lohner". Maynard James Keenan_sentence_104

Keenan financed and released the first studio album, "V" Is for Vagina, in October 2007. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_105

Created in a tour bus, in several hotel rooms, and in various studios around the country while Keenan toured with Tool, the album is a radical departure from Keenan's contributions in Tool and A Perfect Circle. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_106

Tim Alexander, best known as the drummer for rock band Primus, was a guest musician on the album. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_107

He called Puscifer "trancy and hypnotic" and a "total 180 from Tool". Maynard James Keenan_sentence_108

The album was criticized as unfocused and lacking in the passion and intelligence present in Keenan's previous work. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_109

Puscifer is also a clothing line, with merchandise available for purchase on the band's website. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_110

On September 16, 2008, Keenan updated the blog, revealing that the first ever Puscifer store would be opening "hopefully" by October 1 in Jerome, Arizona. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_111

Occupying a small space above a tattoo parlor, the store opened on October 3, 2008. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_112

In addition to the merchandise available on the band's online store, Keenan has also made available locally roasted coffee, art, and limited edition collectibles. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_113

On February 13–15, 2009, Keenan debuted Puscifer at the Pearl Concert Theater in Palms Casino Resort in Paradise, Nevada, with a cabaret-style show so abstract it is not easily described. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_114

In an interview with the Los Angeles Times, Keenan stated "we didn't really have any clue what to call it, so we just kind of called it cabaret." Maynard James Keenan_sentence_115

Keenan—who has had previous experience with this type of entertainment, having fronted a similar show in Los Angeles before achieving fame with Tool—went on to add that "you just can't really describe it, you just have to see it, then it makes sense." Maynard James Keenan_sentence_116

Featuring an ever-changing lineup of artists including Milla Jovovich and Primus drummer Tim Alexander, the show was originally said to have a long-term residency at the Pearl; however, Keenan later revealed that it was to be only a two-show performance. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_117

Puscifer continued to perform with a revolving lineup throughout 2009 at venues around the Southwest. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_118

However, in a November 2009 interview, Keenan stated: "Efforts to confine our beloved enigma to the Southwestern United States have been thwarted. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_119

We are compelled beyond all reason to bring the noise Eastward and share our special sauce. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_120

Although authorities suggest you be prepared for any and all possibilities, we simply suggest you arrive happy and hungry." Maynard James Keenan_sentence_121

On October 18, 2011, Keenan released Puscifer's second album, Conditions of My Parole. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_122

The album received generally favorable reviews on Metacritic, a positive review from Allmusic's Gregory Heaney, who described it as "a fine piece of cold weather headphone music." Maynard James Keenan_sentence_123

Keenan followed with the February 19, 2013, release of Donkey Punch the Night. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_124

This EP includes covers of "Bohemian Rhapsody" by Queen and "Balls to the Wall" by Accept. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_125

It received mostly mixed reviews, resulting in a Metacritic rating of 62%. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_126

Writing and performance style Maynard James Keenan_section_6

A primary purpose of Keenan's lyrics for Tool involves a desire to connect with the listeners on a personal level, encouraging them to look within themselves for self-identity, understanding and reflection. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_127

Tool did not include lyrics with any releases until Fear Inoculum, as Keenan believes most people "don't get it" and it is not a priority of the band that people do. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_128

However, after each release Keenan has eventually published his typed lyrics online via the semi-official fansite, with the exception of "Lateralus", which was published on the official Tool website. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_129

Despite Maynard's aversion to promoting the lyrical content of Tool's work to its audience, lyrical arrangements are often given special attention, such as in the lyrics to "Lateralus", wherein the number of syllables per line correspond to an arrangement of the Fibonacci numbers, and "Jambi", in which the metrical foot iamb is used. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_130

Keenan's lyrics on Ænima and Lateralus focused on philosophy and spirituality—specific subjects range from evolution and Jungian psychology in "Forty-Six & 2" and transcendence in "Lateralus". Maynard James Keenan_sentence_131

In live performances with Tool, Keenan has often been situated on a platform towards the rear of the stage, without a spotlight, facing the backdrop rather than the audience. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_132

Breckinridge Haggerty, the band's live video director, says that the dark spaces on stage "are mostly for Maynard". Maynard James Keenan_sentence_133

He explains, "a lot of the songs are a personal journey for him and he has a hard time with the glare of the lights when he's trying to reproduce these emotions for the audience. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_134

He needs a bit of personal space, and he feels more comfortable in the shadows." Maynard James Keenan_sentence_135

An exception, which surprised even devout Tool fans, occurred when a fan climbed on stage and attempted to hug Keenan during the band's performance of "Pushit". Maynard James Keenan_sentence_136

After dropping the fan to the ground with a gentle hip toss, Keenan, continuing to sing, wrapped himself around the man's back into a rear naked choke. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_137

He held the man without actually constricting his neck, allowing him to raise his fist in celebration. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_138

Keenan eventually turned the man to his stomach and sat on his back, where he stayed for "an uncomfortably long period of time." Maynard James Keenan_sentence_139

His appearance with Tool has included the Mohawk hairstyle, wigs, Kabuki masks, bras, tights, and his entire body in blue paint. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_140

This is contrasted with a variety of long haired wigs while performing with or promoting A Perfect Circle. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_141

Describing Keenan's contribution to Tool and A Perfect Circle, The New York Times wrote that "both groups rely on Mr. Keenan's ability to dignify emotions like lust, anger and disgust, the honey in his voice adding a touch of profundity". Maynard James Keenan_sentence_142

He ranked No. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_143

21 in Hit Parader's 2006 list of "Heavy Metal's All-Time Top 100 Vocalists", and his style of singing has been considered influential to Pete Loeffler of Chevelle and Jared Leto of Thirty Seconds to Mars. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_144

Comedy and acting Maynard James Keenan_section_7

Keenan is featured in several segments of Mr. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_145 Show, most notably in the Ronnie Dobbs sketch presented in the first season in which he plays the lead singer of the then-fictitious band "Puscifer". Maynard James Keenan_sentence_146

He also appears in episode 2.6, "The Velveteen Touch of a Dandy Fop". Maynard James Keenan_sentence_147

Later, Keenan sang on a track for the Mr. Show incarnation Run Ronnie Run, and appears in the "music video sex scene" on its DVD. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_148

Keenan appeared on the cover of the May/June 1999 issue of Pop Smear magazine, portraying Charles Manson as part of a photo essay, imitating a famous Life magazine portrait. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_149

He also appeared as Satan in the 2002 film Bikini Bandits and its 2004 sequel Bikini Bandits 2: Golden Rod. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_150

When asked in an interview which role was more difficult, Keenan responded, "Oh, Manson. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_151

He's a real person. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_152

People know what he looks like, how he talked. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_153

With Satan there's so much gray area." Maynard James Keenan_sentence_154

In the mid-90s, responding to requests for Tool to perform in benefit shows, Keenan created "Free Frances Bean" tee-shirts to represent his own platform. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_155

Frances's mother, Courtney Love, had previously referred to Keenan as a "media whore" to which he responded, "Isn't that great? Maynard James Keenan_sentence_156

I have the distinction of being called a media whore by Courtney Love." Maynard James Keenan_sentence_157

He said that after watching "the tornado that is her mother", he thought "Oh my God, how is Frances Bean gonna survive this insanity?" Maynard James Keenan_sentence_158

Although it was started as a simple joke, the T-shirts were soon in high demand and Keenan began giving them away. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_159

On April 1, 2005, the official Tool website announced, as an April Fools' Day prank, that "Maynard has found Jesus" and would be abandoning the recording of the new album temporarily and possibly permanently. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_160

Kurt Loder of MTV contacted Keenan via email to ask for a confirmation and received a nonchalant confirmation. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_161

When Loder asked again, Keenan's response was simply "heh heh". Maynard James Keenan_sentence_162

On April 7, the official site revealed that it was a hoax. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_163

During an interview Keenan later stated, "It was April Fools'. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_164

If you fall for that on April Fools' Day, there's nothing I can do for you." Maynard James Keenan_sentence_165

He has been part of other April Fools' pranks related to Tool, including one in which he was said to be in critical condition after a tour bus accident. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_166

Keenan made a cameo in the 2009 film Crank: High Voltage. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_167

In May 2015, Keenan made a cameo in an episode of Comedy Bang! Maynard James Keenan_sentence_168 Bang! Maynard James Keenan_sentence_169

as fictional punk musician Barf Edwards. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_170

Winemaking and other endeavors Maynard James Keenan_section_8

In addition to a produce market in Cornville, Arizona; Keenan, whose grandparents and great-uncle made wine in Northern Italy, owns Merkin Vineyards and Caduceus Cellars, based in the unincorporated area of Page Springs/Cornville, Arizona, southwest of Sedona, where he resides. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_171

While the winery is named after an ancient symbol for commerce (caduceus), the vineyard is named after a pubic wig (merkin). Maynard James Keenan_sentence_172

He is also a partner of Stronghold Vineyards, "an 80-acre site dedicated to producing affordable wines in the state", located in the small, unincorporated area known as Kansas Settlement in Sulfur Springs Valley, Arizona. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_173

Keenan's mother died in 2003, at the age of 59, due to complications from an aneurysm. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_174

Following her death, he scattered her ashes across one of his vineyards, and later named one of his wines after her, honoring her memory with his Cabernet Sauvignon "Nagual del Judith". Maynard James Keenan_sentence_175

Keenan released a statement in April 2009: Maynard James Keenan_sentence_176

His previous wines were named after relatives of the Chiricahua Apache chief Cochise who lived in the area where the vineyard is located, and were produced at Page Springs Cellars, owned by Keenan's business partner. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_177

While those wines used some fruits imported from California, "Nagual del Judith" was the first made entirely from Keenan's own vineyard. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_178

Keenan was also a part-owner of Cobras & Matadors, an LA restaurant run by Steven Arroyo until 2012. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_179

During the fall season of 2008, Keenan and his Stronghold Vineyards partner Eric Glomski promoted his wine with signing sessions at Whole Foods Markets in California and Nevada. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_180

The tour continued in 2009 with sessions in Texas kicking off in March, and appearances scheduled during Tool's 2009 summer tour in Florida, Massachusetts, and New Jersey. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_181

In July 2009, Keenan opened an organic market which features a tasting room for his Arizona wines as well as a food court. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_182

Keenan is featured in Blood into Wine: The Arizona Stronghold, a documentary co-produced by Moog filmmakers Ryan Page and Christopher Pomerenk that chronicles Keenan and Glomski's winemaking in the desert conditions of Arizona's Verde Valley. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_183

The film, which includes appearances from Tim & Eric, Patton Oswalt, and Milla Jovovich, was shown at the Noise Pop Festival on February 25, 2010. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_184

The same festival also showed another documentary produced by Pomerenk, The Heart is a Drum Machine. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_185

It investigates why people create and listen to music, and features Keenan, Jason Schwartzman, Kurt Loder, Nic Harcourt, Juliette Lewis, and Elijah Wood. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_186

In a January 2013 interview with Phoenix New Times, Keenan announced work on an autobiography. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_187

Keenan's authorized biography, A Perfect Union of Contrary Things, was released on November 8, 2016. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_188

Philanthropy Maynard James Keenan_section_9

Keenan performed at a 1997 benefit concert for RAINN (the Rape, Abuse & Incest National Network) organized by Tori Amos (who had often referred to Keenan as an unofficial brother). Maynard James Keenan_sentence_189

He is one of the notable performers for Axis of Justice, a non-profit organization that brings musicians, fans of music, and grassroots political organizations together to fight for social justice. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_190

In 2004, Axis of Justice released Concert Series Volume 1. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_191

Included are two tracks featuring Keenan on vocals. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_192

The second track on the album, "(What's So Funny 'Bout) Peace, Love, and Understanding", was recorded live during Lollapalooza in Seattle, Washington on August 23, 2003. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_193

The first track, "Where the Streets Have No Name", was recorded live during the Axis of Justice Concert Series at The Avalon in Hollywood on July 19, 2004. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_194

In February 2005, Keenan appeared as a surprise vocalist at a Seattle benefit concert for victims of the 2004 earthquake and tsunami in southern Asia, performing with the partly reformed Alice in Chains, in place of the deceased vocalist Layne Staley, on the songs "Them Bones", "Man in the Box", and "Rooster". Maynard James Keenan_sentence_195

Personal life Maynard James Keenan_section_10

Keenan has a son, Devo, who sang backing vocals on A Perfect Circle's Thirteenth Step, and was later credited as the cellist on Ashes Divide's Keep Telling Myself It's Alright. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_196

He also gave a solo cello performance for Keenan's 50th birthday celebration concert, "Cinquanta". Maynard James Keenan_sentence_197

Two songs bear the name of Keenan's mother, Judith: "Wings for Marie (Pt. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_198

1)" by Tool and "Judith" by A Perfect Circle. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_199

Keenan has a reputation for being reclusive and controlling of his public image. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_200

He dislikes the manner in which celebrities are worshipped, and at one point carried business cards with the name "Jesus H. Christ" printed on them. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_201

When dealing with stalkers, Keenan has resorted to using a paintball gun to run off trespassers from his property. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_202

Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu is one of Keenan's pursuits, and he studied under Rickson Gracie. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_203

It was announced in June 2010 that Keenan had proposed to girlfriend and Caduceus lab manager Lei Li. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_204

On September 10, 2012, Keenan wrote an article for the Phoenix New Times in which he made reference to his wife. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_205

On July 25, 2014, Keenan's wife gave birth to their daughter, Lei Li Agostina Maria. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_206

Selected discography Maynard James Keenan_section_11

Main article: Maynard James Keenan discography Maynard James Keenan_sentence_207

With TexA.N.S. Maynard James Keenan_sentence_208

Maynard James Keenan_unordered_list_0

  • Live at Sons and Daughters Hall (1984)Maynard James Keenan_item_0_0
  • Never Again (1985)Maynard James Keenan_item_0_1

With Children of the Anachronistic Dynasty Maynard James Keenan_sentence_209

Maynard James Keenan_unordered_list_1

  • Fingernails (1986)Maynard James Keenan_item_1_2
  • Dog.House (1987)Maynard James Keenan_item_1_3

With Tool Maynard James Keenan_sentence_210

Maynard James Keenan_unordered_list_2

With A Perfect Circle Maynard James Keenan_sentence_211

Maynard James Keenan_unordered_list_3

As Puscifer Maynard James Keenan_sentence_212

Maynard James Keenan_unordered_list_4

See also Maynard James Keenan_section_12

Maynard James Keenan_unordered_list_5

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: James Keenan.