|Scientific classification Mekosuchinae|
Willis, Molnar & Scanlon, 1993
They first appear in the fossil record in the Eocene in Australia, and survived until the arrival of humans: in the Pleistocene in Australia and within the Holocene in the Pacific islands of Fiji, New Caledonia and Vanuatu.
There is however disagreement on whether or not Mekosuchinae is a true subfamily within Crocodylidae, or a distinct crocodilian family in its own right, Mekosuchidae, within the superfamily Crocodyloidea.
Mekosuchine crocodiles are a diverse group.
Another mekosuchine fossil, currently undescribed, has been found in Miocene deposits from New Zealand.
One genus, Mekosuchus, managed to spread to the islands of the Pacific; it is believed to have island-hopped across the Coral Sea, moving first to a now submerged island known as Greater Chesterfield Island, then New Caledonia and onwards.
Mekosuchines underwent a drastic decline in post-Miocene Australia, with all genera, except for Quinkana and Pallimnarchus (both perishing during the Quaternary extinction event) becoming extinct in Australia by the end of the Pliocene.
After the demise of Quinkana and Pallimnarchus, the group survived on Vanuatu and New Caledonia until the arrival of humans, who are presumed to have driven them to extinction.
Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mekosuchinae.