Mellieħa

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Mellieħa_table_infobox_0

Mellieħa

Il-MellieħaMellieħa_header_cell_0_0_0

CountryMellieħa_header_cell_0_1_0 MaltaMellieħa_cell_0_1_1
RegionMellieħa_header_cell_0_2_0 Northern RegionMellieħa_cell_0_2_1
DistrictMellieħa_header_cell_0_3_0 Northern DistrictMellieħa_cell_0_3_1
BordersMellieħa_header_cell_0_4_0 Mġarr, St. Paul's BayMellieħa_cell_0_4_1
GovernmentMellieħa_header_cell_0_5_0
MayorMellieħa_header_cell_0_6_0 Dario Vella (PL)Mellieħa_cell_0_6_1
AreaMellieħa_header_cell_0_7_0
TotalMellieħa_header_cell_0_8_0 22.6 km (8.7 sq mi)Mellieħa_cell_0_8_1
ElevationMellieħa_header_cell_0_9_0 150 m (490 ft)Mellieħa_cell_0_9_1
Population (Jan. 2019)Mellieħa_header_cell_0_10_0
TotalMellieħa_header_cell_0_11_0 11,389Mellieħa_cell_0_11_1
DensityMellieħa_header_cell_0_12_0 500/km (1,300/sq mi)Mellieħa_cell_0_12_1
Demonym(s)Mellieħa_header_cell_0_13_0 Mellieħi (m), Melliħija (f), Melliħin (pl)Mellieħa_cell_0_13_1
Time zoneMellieħa_header_cell_0_14_0 UTC+1 (CET)Mellieħa_cell_0_14_1
Summer (DST)Mellieħa_header_cell_0_15_0 UTC+2 (CEST)Mellieħa_cell_0_15_1
Postal codeMellieħa_header_cell_0_16_0 MLHMellieħa_cell_0_16_1
Dialing codeMellieħa_header_cell_0_17_0 356Mellieħa_cell_0_17_1
ISO 3166 codeMellieħa_header_cell_0_18_0 MT-30Mellieħa_cell_0_18_1
Patron saintMellieħa_header_cell_0_19_0 Mary's Birth (Bambina)Mellieħa_cell_0_19_1
Day of festaMellieħa_header_cell_0_20_0 8 SeptemberMellieħa_cell_0_20_1
WebsiteMellieħa_header_cell_0_21_0 Mellieħa_cell_0_21_1

Mellieħa (Maltese: il-Mellieħa [ɪl mɛˈlːɪːħɐ) is a large village or small town in the Northern Region of Malta. Mellieħa_sentence_0

It has a population of 10,087 as of March 2014. Mellieħa_sentence_1

Mellieħa is also a tourist resort, popular for its sandy beaches and natural environment. Mellieħa_sentence_2

Etymology Mellieħa_section_0

The name Mellieħa is derived from the Semitic root m-l-ħ, which means salt. Mellieħa_sentence_3

This is probably derived from the ancient Punic-Roman salt pans which existed at Mellieħa Bay. Mellieħa_sentence_4

The site of the salt pans is now occupied by the Għadira Nature Reserve. Mellieħa_sentence_5

History Mellieħa_section_1

Prehistory to Middle Ages Mellieħa_section_2

Mellieħa was first inhabited in around 3000 BC, during the Neolithic period. Mellieħa_sentence_6

Several megalithic remains have been found, including the temple of Għajn Żejtuna, as well as several caves and tombs, in which tools and pottery fragments were found. Mellieħa_sentence_7

During the Roman period, troglodytes began to live in the caves of Mellieħa's valleys. Mellieħa_sentence_8

The cave settlements continued to exist during Byzantine rule, but were abandoned in the early medieval period. Mellieħa_sentence_9

According to the Acts of the Apostles, St. Mellieħa_sentence_10 Paul was shipwrecked in Malta in around 60 AD, possibly in the nearby St. Mellieħa_sentence_11 Paul's Bay. Mellieħa_sentence_12

According to local tradition, St. Mellieħa_sentence_13 Luke, who was accompanying St. Paul, came across one of Mellieħa's caves and painted the figure of Our Lady on the rock face. Mellieħa_sentence_14

In 409 AD, the cave was consecrated as a church, and it is now known as the Sanctuary of Our Lady of Mellieħa. Mellieħa_sentence_15

Mellieħa was one of the first ten parishes of Malta. Mellieħa_sentence_16

It still existed in 1436, but it was abandoned soon afterwards in the late 15th or early 16th century, since the north of Malta was no longer safe due to raids by Muslim corsairs. Mellieħa_sentence_17

Under the Order of Saint John Mellieħa_section_3

Malta was one of the first regions that Muslims entered in the Mediterranean, and this is evident in the Islamic heritage of buildings and ancient relics of mosques and homes. Mellieħa_sentence_18

In addition to that the Arabic language that has remained rooted in the language of the current people of the island, this was starting from year 826 A.D. and last for 220 years. Mellieħa_sentence_19

During the early years of Hospitaller rule in Malta, Mellieħa remained abandoned. Mellieħa_sentence_20

In the late 16th century, the Sanctuary of Our Lady of Mellieħa was rebuilt. Mellieħa_sentence_21

The northern coast of Malta began to be fortified in the early 17th century. Mellieħa_sentence_22

The first fortification to be built in Mellieħa was Saint Agatha's Tower, which was completed in 1649. Mellieħa_sentence_23

This large tower was built on Marfa Ridge, overlooking Mellieħa Bay, with clear views over to Comino and Gozo. Mellieħa_sentence_24

The smaller Għajn Ħadid Tower and Armier Tower were also built in the limits of Mellieħa in 1658. Mellieħa_sentence_25

A series of coastal batteries, redoubts and entrenchments were also built in Mellieħa in the 18th century. Mellieħa_sentence_26

Several of these still survive, such as Mistra Battery, Vendôme Battery, Wied Musa Battery and Westreme Battery. Mellieħa_sentence_27

The Devil's Farmhouse found at Ta' Randa area is an example of Maltese farmhouses built in the 18th century. Mellieħa_sentence_28

British period to present day Mellieħa_section_4

Mellieħa as it is today developed while Malta was under British rule. Mellieħa_sentence_29

The village became a parish once again in 1844, and began to develop after the British encouraged people to settle in the area by giving leases to the population. Mellieħa_sentence_30

The parish church was built in various stages in the late 19th and early 20th centuries and it is said that the locals helped building the church. Mellieħa_sentence_31

A postal agency opened in Mellieħa in 1891. Mellieħa_sentence_32

Just before World War II, Fort Campbell was built in Selmun, while Mellieħa Fort was built on top of Mellieħa Hill as a lookout post. Mellieħa_sentence_33

The British also built a number of pillboxes around the coastline of Mellieħa, for defensive purposes in case of an Italian or German invasion. Mellieħa_sentence_34

Mellieħa has seen a lot of development since the end of the war. Mellieħa_sentence_35

The Mellieħa Local Council was established by the Local Councils Act of 1993. Mellieħa_sentence_36

Geography Mellieħa_section_5

The town of Mellieħa stands on a group of hills on the northwest coast of the main island of Malta. Mellieħa_sentence_37

Mellieħa proper consists of the areas of Mellieħa Heights, Santa Maria Estate, il-Qortin, Ta' Pennellu, Ta' Masrija and Tal-Ibraġ. Mellieħa_sentence_38

The nearby villages of Manikata and Selmun also fall under Mellieħa's jurisdiction. Mellieħa_sentence_39

The town overlooks Mellieħa Bay, which includes Għadira Bay, the largest sandy beach in Malta. Mellieħa_sentence_40

To the east of the town and bay, there is the Selmun peninsula, and St Paul's Islands lie about 80 metres off the coast. Mellieħa_sentence_41

Mistra Bay lies close to Selmun, and this marks the boundary between Mellieħa and St. Mellieħa_sentence_42 Paul's Bay. Mellieħa_sentence_43

The large Marfa Peninsula lies to the north of Mellieħa. Mellieħa_sentence_44

It includes several small bays, such as Armier Bay and Paradise Bay, as well as the harbour of Ċirkewwa, from which the Gozo ferry departs. Mellieħa_sentence_45

The Marfa Ridge spans across a large part of the peninsula. Mellieħa_sentence_46

To the south of Marfa Ridge, there are Anchor Bay and Popeye Village, Majjistral Nature and History Park, the hamlet of Manikata and Golden Bay. Mellieħa_sentence_47

The boundary with Mġarr lies at Għajn Tuffieħa. Mellieħa_sentence_48

Tourism Mellieħa_section_6

Mellieħa is a popular tourist destination during the summer months. Mellieħa_sentence_49

It is well known for its beaches, with the most well known being Għadira Bay and Golden Bay. Mellieħa_sentence_50

Ċirkewwa is also popular as a dive site, and it includes the wrecks of MV Rozi and the P29 patrol boat. Mellieħa_sentence_51

In 2009, Mellieħa was awarded the title of European Destination of Excellence due to its sustainable initiatives. Mellieħa_sentence_52

Mellieħa main roads Mellieħa_section_7

Mellieħa_unordered_list_0

  • Dawret il-Mellieħa (Mellieħa By-Pass)Mellieħa_item_0_0
  • Triq Ġorġ Borg Olivier (Ġorġ Borg Olivier Street)Mellieħa_item_0_1
  • Triq il-Kbira (Main Street)Mellieħa_item_0_2
  • Triq il-Marfa (Marfa Road)Mellieħa_item_0_3
  • Triq il-Prajjiet (Anchor Bay Road)Mellieħa_item_0_4
  • Triq Louis Wettinger (Louis Wettinger Street)Mellieħa_item_0_5
  • Triq San Pawl il-Baħar (St. Paul's Bay Road)Mellieħa_item_0_6

Twin towns – sister cities Mellieħa_section_8

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Malta Mellieħa_sentence_53

Mellieħa is twinned with: Mellieħa_sentence_54

Mellieħa_unordered_list_1


Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mellieħa.