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This article is about the Semitic letter. Mem_sentence_0

For other uses, see Mem (disambiguation). Mem_sentence_1


← Lamedh Mem Nun →Mem_header_cell_0_0_0
PhoenicianMem_header_cell_0_1_0 Mem_cell_0_1_1
HebrewMem_header_cell_0_2_0 מ,ם‎Mem_cell_0_2_1
AramaicMem_header_cell_0_3_0 Mem_cell_0_3_1
SyriacMem_header_cell_0_4_0 ܡܡMem_cell_0_4_1
ArabicMem_header_cell_0_5_0 مMem_cell_0_5_1
Phonemic representationMem_header_cell_0_6_0 mMem_cell_0_6_1
Position in alphabetMem_header_cell_0_7_0 13Mem_cell_0_7_1
Numerical valueMem_header_cell_0_8_0 40Mem_cell_0_8_1
Alphabetic derivatives of the PhoenicianMem_header_cell_0_9_0
GreekMem_header_cell_0_10_0 ΜMem_cell_0_10_1
LatinMem_header_cell_0_11_0 MMem_cell_0_11_1
CyrillicMem_header_cell_0_12_0 МMem_cell_0_12_1

Mem (also spelled Meem, Meme, or Mim) is the thirteenth letter of the Semitic abjads, including Hebrew mēm מ‎, Aramaic Mem , Syriac mīm ܡܡ, Arabic mīm م and Phoenician mēm . Mem_sentence_2

Its value is m. Mem_sentence_3

The Phoenician letter gave rise to the Greek mu (Μ), Etruscan , Latin M, and Cyrillic М. Mem_sentence_4

Origins Mem_section_0

Mem is believed to derive from the Egyptian hieroglyphic symbol for water, Mem_sentence_5

which had been simplified by the Phoenicians and named after their word for “water”, (), ultimately coming from Proto-Semitic . Mem_sentence_6

Hebrew Mem Mem_section_1


Orthographic variants of non-final formMem_header_cell_1_0_0
Various print fontsMem_header_cell_1_1_0 Cursive HebrewMem_header_cell_1_1_3 Rashi scriptMem_header_cell_1_1_4
SerifMem_header_cell_1_2_0 Sans-serifMem_header_cell_1_2_1 MonospacedMem_header_cell_1_2_2
מMem_cell_1_3_0 מMem_cell_1_3_1 מMem_cell_1_3_2 Mem_cell_1_3_3 Mem_cell_1_3_4

Hebrew spelling: מֵם Mem_sentence_7

Hebrew pronunciation Mem_section_2

Mem represents a bilabial nasal m. Mem_sentence_8

Variations on written form/pronunciation Mem_section_3


Orthographic variants of final formMem_header_cell_2_0_0
Various Print FontsMem_header_cell_2_1_0 Cursive HebrewMem_header_cell_2_1_3 Rashi ScriptMem_header_cell_2_1_4
SerifMem_header_cell_2_2_0 Sans-serifMem_header_cell_2_2_1 MonospacedMem_header_cell_2_2_2
םMem_cell_2_3_0 םMem_cell_2_3_1 םMem_cell_2_3_2 Mem_cell_2_3_3 Mem_cell_2_3_4

In Hebrew, Mem, like Kaph, Nun, Pe, and Tzadi, has a final form, used at the end of words: its shape changes from מ‎ to ם‎. Mem_sentence_9

Significance Mem_section_4

In gematria, Mem represents the number 40 in both the Standard and Mispar Gadol Methods of Gematria; However, (mem sofit) final mem's value is 40 in the Standard Method and 600 in the Mispar Gadol method. Mem_sentence_10

The Standard Method adds the values of Tav and Resh (400+200) to denote the value of mem sofit. Mem_sentence_11

In the Sefer Yetzirah, the letter Mem is King over Water, Formed Earth in the Universe, Cold in the Year, and the Belly in the Soul. Mem_sentence_12

As an abbreviation, it stands for metre. Mem_sentence_13

In the Israeli army it can also stand for mefaked, commander. Mem_sentence_14

In Hebrew religious texts, it can stand for the name of God Makom, the Place. Mem_sentence_15

Mem and Tarot Mem_section_5

Mem is associated with The Hanged Man (Atu XII), the element of water and the path between Geburah and Hod on the Tree of Life. Mem_sentence_16

Arabic mīm Mem_section_6


Writing systemMem_header_cell_3_2_0 Arabic scriptMem_cell_3_2_1
TypeMem_header_cell_3_3_0 AbjadMem_cell_3_3_1
Language of originMem_header_cell_3_4_0 Arabic languageMem_cell_3_4_1
Phonetic usageMem_header_cell_3_5_0 mMem_cell_3_5_1
Unicode codepointMem_header_cell_3_6_0 U+0645 م ARABIC LETTER MEEMMem_cell_3_6_1
DevelopmentMem_header_cell_3_8_0 Mem_cell_3_8_1

The letter is named mīm, and is written in several ways depending on its position in the word: Mem_sentence_17


Position in word:Mem_header_cell_4_0_0 IsolatedMem_header_cell_4_0_1 FinalMem_header_cell_4_0_2 MedialMem_header_cell_4_0_3 InitialMem_header_cell_4_0_4
Glyph form:


م‎Mem_cell_4_1_1 ـم‎Mem_cell_4_1_2 ـمـ‎Mem_cell_4_1_3 مـ‎Mem_cell_4_1_4

Some examples on its uses in Modern Standard Arabic: Mem_sentence_18

Mīm is used in the creation of ism words (i.e. nouns and adjectives; they are treated fundamentally the same in Arabic grammar). Mem_sentence_19

Specifically, mīm is used in the creation of the masdar (verbal noun) of Stem III verbs (the masdar of verbs on the pattern fāʿala is mufāʿala), of subject and object nouns for verbs of Stems II-X (using the example of Stem II, subject nouns—called fāʿil words because of their form in Stem I—are mufaʿʿil for verbs of Stems II-X, and object nouns—called mafʿūl also because of their Stem I form—take the form mufaʿʿal for verbs of Stems II-X). Mem_sentence_20

Place-nouns are also created with mīm; the pattern mafʿal is used to create maktab "office" from the triliteral k-t-b (to write) and maṣnaʿ "factory" from ṣ-n-ʿ (to make). Mem_sentence_21

Character encodings Mem_section_7


Character informationMem_table_caption_5
PreviewMem_header_cell_5_0_0 מMem_header_cell_5_0_1 םMem_header_cell_5_0_3 مMem_header_cell_5_0_5 ܡMem_header_cell_5_0_7 Mem_header_cell_5_0_9 Mem_header_cell_5_0_11 Mem_header_cell_5_0_13
Unicode nameMem_cell_5_1_0 HEBREW LETTER MEMMem_cell_5_1_1 HEBREW LETTER FINAL MEMMem_cell_5_1_3 ARABIC LETTER MEEMMem_cell_5_1_5 SYRIAC LETTER MIMMem_cell_5_1_7 SAMARITAN LETTER MIMMem_cell_5_1_9 HEBREW LETTER WIDE FINAL MEMMem_cell_5_1_11 HEBREW LETTER MEM WITH DAGESHMem_cell_5_1_13
EncodingsMem_header_cell_5_2_0 decimalMem_header_cell_5_2_1 hexMem_header_cell_5_2_2 decimalMem_header_cell_5_2_3 hexMem_header_cell_5_2_4 decimalMem_header_cell_5_2_5 hexMem_header_cell_5_2_6 decimalMem_header_cell_5_2_7 hexMem_header_cell_5_2_8 decimalMem_header_cell_5_2_9 hexMem_header_cell_5_2_10 decimalMem_header_cell_5_2_11 hexMem_header_cell_5_2_12 decimalMem_header_cell_5_2_13 hexMem_header_cell_5_2_14
UnicodeMem_cell_5_3_0 1502Mem_cell_5_3_1 U+05DEMem_cell_5_3_2 1501Mem_cell_5_3_3 U+05DDMem_cell_5_3_4 1605Mem_cell_5_3_5 U+0645Mem_cell_5_3_6 1825Mem_cell_5_3_7 U+0721Mem_cell_5_3_8 2060Mem_cell_5_3_9 U+080CMem_cell_5_3_10 64294Mem_cell_5_3_11 U+FB26Mem_cell_5_3_12 64318Mem_cell_5_3_13 U+FB3EMem_cell_5_3_14
UTF-8Mem_cell_5_4_0 215 158Mem_cell_5_4_1 D7 9EMem_cell_5_4_2 215 157Mem_cell_5_4_3 D7 9DMem_cell_5_4_4 217 133Mem_cell_5_4_5 D9 85Mem_cell_5_4_6 220 161Mem_cell_5_4_7 DC A1Mem_cell_5_4_8 224 160 140Mem_cell_5_4_9 E0 A0 8CMem_cell_5_4_10 239 172 166Mem_cell_5_4_11 EF AC A6Mem_cell_5_4_12 239 172 190Mem_cell_5_4_13 EF AC BEMem_cell_5_4_14
Numeric character referenceMem_cell_5_5_0 מMem_cell_5_5_1 מMem_cell_5_5_2 םMem_cell_5_5_3 םMem_cell_5_5_4 مMem_cell_5_5_5 مMem_cell_5_5_6 ܡMem_cell_5_5_7 ܡMem_cell_5_5_8 Mem_cell_5_5_9 Mem_cell_5_5_10 Mem_cell_5_5_11 Mem_cell_5_5_12 Mem_cell_5_5_13 Mem_cell_5_5_14


Character informationMem_table_caption_6
PreviewMem_header_cell_6_0_0 𐎎Mem_header_cell_6_0_1 𐡌Mem_header_cell_6_0_3 𐤌Mem_header_cell_6_0_5
Unicode nameMem_cell_6_1_0 UGARITIC LETTER MEMMem_cell_6_1_1 IMPERIAL ARAMAIC LETTER MEMMem_cell_6_1_3 PHOENICIAN LETTER MEMMem_cell_6_1_5
EncodingsMem_header_cell_6_2_0 decimalMem_header_cell_6_2_1 hexMem_header_cell_6_2_2 decimalMem_header_cell_6_2_3 hexMem_header_cell_6_2_4 decimalMem_header_cell_6_2_5 hexMem_header_cell_6_2_6
UnicodeMem_cell_6_3_0 66446Mem_cell_6_3_1 U+1038EMem_cell_6_3_2 67660Mem_cell_6_3_3 U+1084CMem_cell_6_3_4 67852Mem_cell_6_3_5 U+1090CMem_cell_6_3_6
UTF-8Mem_cell_6_4_0 240 144 142 142Mem_cell_6_4_1 F0 90 8E 8EMem_cell_6_4_2 240 144 161 140Mem_cell_6_4_3 F0 90 A1 8CMem_cell_6_4_4 240 144 164 140Mem_cell_6_4_5 F0 90 A4 8CMem_cell_6_4_6
UTF-16Mem_cell_6_5_0 55296 57230Mem_cell_6_5_1 D800 DF8EMem_cell_6_5_2 55298 56396Mem_cell_6_5_3 D802 DC4CMem_cell_6_5_4 55298 56588Mem_cell_6_5_5 D802 DD0CMem_cell_6_5_6
Numeric character referenceMem_cell_6_6_0 𐎎Mem_cell_6_6_1 𐎎Mem_cell_6_6_2 𐡌Mem_cell_6_6_3 𐡌Mem_cell_6_6_4 𐤌Mem_cell_6_6_5 𐤌Mem_cell_6_6_6

See also Mem_section_8


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