Member of the Legislative Assembly
A Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA), or a Member of the Legislature (ML), is a representative elected by the voters of a constituency to the legislature or legislative assembly of a sub-national jurisdiction.
However the suffix MP is also commonly used.
South Australia and Tasmania have a House of Assembly and denote its members MHA.
In Victoria members can use either MP or MLA.
In federal parliament, members of the House of Representatives are designated MP and not MHR.
In Brazil, Members of all 26 Legislative Assemblies (Portuguese: Assembléias Legislativas) are called deputados estaduais (English: state deputies).
Members of the Lower House are also called deputies, but they are deputados federais (English: federal deputies).
- Ontario, where they have been called Members of Provincial Parliament (MPPs) since 1938 and before 1938 used both MPP and MLA,
- Quebec, where they are called Members of the National Assembly (MNAs) since 1968, and
- Newfoundland and Labrador, where they are called Members of the House of Assembly (MHAs); Nova Scotia, despite also having a House of Assembly, uses MLA instead.
Members of the Legislative Assembly of the Falkland Islands use the suffix MLA.
In 2009 the Legislative Council of the Falkland Islands (which had existed since the 1840s) was rep laced with the new Legislative Assembly.
As a result, Members of the Legislative Assembly are often still referred to as Councillors.
Main article: Member of the Legislative Assembly (India)
Out of the 28 states and 8 Union Territories (According To 104th amendment act) of India, there is a legislature in all the 28 states and 2 Union Territories (Delhi, Puducherry and Jammu and Kashmir (Union Territory) ).
In some states, the Governor may appoint 1 member to represent minorities, e.g. the Anglo-Indian community, if he finds that minority inadequately represented in the Legislative Assembly.
Those elected or nominated (by the Governors) to Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly) are referred to as Members of Legislative Assembly or MLAs.
Each legislative constituency of the State or UT is represented by only one MLA.
As outlined in the Constitution of India, the number of legislative seats in a legislature cannot be more than 500 members and fewer than 60 members.
Depending on the population and other factors, each State or UT has varying numbers of MLAs, the highest being in the state of Uttar Pradesh (403) and the least in the UT of Puducherry (30).
Owing to parliamentary democracy, wherein some members of the legislature also act as the executive, some MLAs may have triple responsibilities: as an MLA, as a cabinet minister of a department and/or as a chief minister of that state.
Main article: State legislative assemblies of Malaysia
Members of a state legislative assembly comprises elected representatives from single-member constituencies during state elections through the first-past-the-post system.
The majority party in each assembly forms the state government, and the leader of the majority party becomes chief minister of the state.
The state legislative assemblies are unicameral, unlike the bicameral Parliament of Malaysia.
The hereditary rulers or governors are vested with powers to dissolve their respective state legislative assemblies on the advice of the chief minister.
Once dissolved, elections must be carried out within an interim period of sixty (60) days.
Usually, state elections are held simultaneously with the federal parliamentary elections, with the exception of Sarawak, and before 2004, Sabah.
Main article: Member of the Legislative Assembly (Northern Ireland)
The Assembly was suspended on October 14, 2002 but the persons elected to it at the 2003 Assembly Election were called together on 15 May 2006 under the Northern Ireland Act 2006 for the purpose of electing a First Minister and Deputy First Minister and choosing the members of an Executive (before 25 November 2006) as a preliminary to the restoration of devolved government in Northern Ireland.
Another election was held on 7 March 2007 and powers were restored to the Assembly in May 2007.
Provincial Legislatures have their members for each provinces.
United States of America
Main article: State legislature (United States)
Main article: Member of the Senedd
Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Member of the Legislative Assembly.