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"Status update" redirects here. Microblogging_sentence_0

For the 2018 film, see Status Update. Microblogging_sentence_1

Microblogging is an online broadcast medium that exists as a specific form of blogging. Microblogging_sentence_2

A micro-blog differs from a traditional blog in that its content is typically smaller in both actual and aggregated file size. Microblogging_sentence_3

Micro-blogs "allow users to exchange small elements of content such as short sentences, individual images, or video links", which may be the major reason for their popularity. Microblogging_sentence_4

These small messages are sometimes called microposts. Microblogging_sentence_5

As with traditional blogging, micro-bloggers post about topics ranging from the simple, such as "what I'm doing right now", to the thematic, such as "sports cars". Microblogging_sentence_6

Commercial micro-blogs also exist to promote websites, services, and products, and to promote collaboration within an organization. Microblogging_sentence_7

Some microblogging services offer features such as privacy settings, which allow users to control who can read their micro-blogs, or alternative ways of publishing entries besides the web-based interface. Microblogging_sentence_8

These may include text messaging, instant messaging, E-mail, digital audio or digital video. Microblogging_sentence_9

Origin Microblogging_section_0

The first micro-blogs were known as tumblelogs. Microblogging_sentence_10

The term was coined by why the lucky stiff in a blog post on April 12, 2005, while describing Leah Neukirchen's Anarchaia. Microblogging_sentence_11

Jason Kottke described tumblelogs on October 19, 2005: Microblogging_sentence_12

However, by 2006 and 2007, the term microblog was used more widely for services provided by established sites like Tumblr and Twitter. Microblogging_sentence_13

As of May 2007, there were 111 micro-blogging sites in various countries. Microblogging_sentence_14

Among the most notable services are Twitter, Tumblr, FriendFeed, Plurk, Jaiku and identi.ca. Microblogging_sentence_15

Different versions of services and software with micro-blogging features have been developed. Microblogging_sentence_16

Plurk has a timeline view that integrates video and picture sharing. Microblogging_sentence_17

Flipter uses micro-blogging as a platform for people to post topics and gather audience's opinions. Microblogging_sentence_18

PingGadget is a location-based micro-blogging service. Microblogging_sentence_19

Pownce, developed by Digg founder Kevin Rose among others, integrated micro-blogging with and event invitations. Microblogging_sentence_20

Pownce was merged into SixApart in December 2008. Microblogging_sentence_21

Other leading social networking websites Facebook, MySpace, LinkedIn, Diaspora, JudgIt, Yahoo Pulse, Google Buzz, Google+ and XING, also have their own micro-blogging feature, better known as "status updates". Microblogging_sentence_22

Although status updates are usually more restricted than actual micro-blogging in terms of writing, it seems any kind of activity involving posting, be it on a social network site or a micro-blogging site, can be classified as micro-blogging. Microblogging_sentence_23

Services such as Lifestream and Snapchat will aggregate micro-blogs from multiple social networks into a single list, while other services, such as Ping.fm, will send out your micro-blog to multiple social networks. Microblogging_sentence_24

Internet users in China are facing a different situation. Microblogging_sentence_25

Foreign micro-blogging services like Twitter, Facebook, Plurk, Tumblr, and Google+ are censored in China. Microblogging_sentence_26

The users use Chinese Weibo services such as Sina Weibo and Tencent Weibo. Microblogging_sentence_27

Tailored to Chinese people, these webs are like hybrids of Twitter and Facebook. Microblogging_sentence_28

They implement basic features of Twitter and allow users to comment to others' posts, as well as a post with graphical emoticons, attach an image, music and video files. Microblogging_sentence_29

A survey by the Data Center of China Internet from 2010 showed that Chinese micro-blog users most often pursued content created by friends, experts in a specific field or related to celebrities. Microblogging_sentence_30

Usage Microblogging_section_1

Several studies, most notably by the Harvard Business School and by Sysomos, have tried to analyze user behavior on micro-blogging services. Microblogging_sentence_31

Several of these studies show that for services such as Twitter a small group of active users contributes to most of the activity. Microblogging_sentence_32

Sysomos' Inside Twitter survey, based on more than 11 million users, shows that 10% of Twitter users account for 86% of all activity. Microblogging_sentence_33

Twitter, Facebook, and other micro-blogging services have become platforms for marketing and public relations, with a sharp growth in the number of social-media marketers. Microblogging_sentence_34

The Sysomos study shows that this specific group of marketers on Twitter is much more active than the general user population, with 15% of marketers following over 2,000 people and only 0.29% of the Twitter public following more than 2,000 people. Microblogging_sentence_35

Micro-blogging has also become an important source of real-time news updates during socio-political revolutions and crisis situations, such as the 2008 Mumbai terror attacks or the 2009 Iran protests. Microblogging_sentence_36

The short nature of updates allow users to post news items quickly, reaching an audience in seconds. Microblogging_sentence_37

Clay Shirky argues that these services have the potential to result in an information cascade, prompting fence-sitters to turn activist. Microblogging_sentence_38

Micro-blogging has noticeably revolutionized the way information is consumed. Microblogging_sentence_39

It has empowered citizens themselves to act as sensors or sources of information that could lead to consequences and influence, or even cause, media coverage. Microblogging_sentence_40

People share what they observe in their surroundings, information about events, and their opinions about topics from a wide range of fields. Microblogging_sentence_41

Moreover, these services store various metadata from these posts, such as location and time. Microblogging_sentence_42

Aggregated analysis of this data includes different dimensions like space, time, theme, sentiment, network structure etc., and gives researchers an opportunity to understand social perceptions of people in the context of certain events of interest. Microblogging_sentence_43

Micro-blogging also promotes authorship. Microblogging_sentence_44

On the micro-blogging platform Tumblr, the reblogging feature links the post back to the original creator. Microblogging_sentence_45

The findings of a study by Emily Pronin of Princeton University and Harvard University's Daniel Wegner may explain the rapid growth of micro-blogging. Microblogging_sentence_46

The study suggests a link between short bursts of activity and feelings of elation, power and creativity. Microblogging_sentence_47

While the general appeal and influence of micro-blogging seem to be growing continuously, mobile micro-blogging is moving at a slower pace. Microblogging_sentence_48

Among the most popular activities carried out by mobile internet users on their devices in 2012, mobile blogging or tweeting was last on the list, with only 27% of users engaging in it. Microblogging_sentence_49

Issues Microblogging_section_2

Micro-blogging is not without issues, such as privacy, security, and integration. Microblogging_sentence_50

Privacy is arguably a major issue because users may broadcast sensitive personal information to anyone who views their public feed. Microblogging_sentence_51

Micro-blog platform providers can also cause privacy issues through altering or presetting users' privacy options in a way users feel compromises their personal information. Microblogging_sentence_52

An example would be Google’s Buzz platform which incited controversy in 2010 by automatically publicizing users’ email contacts as ‘followers’. Microblogging_sentence_53

Google later amended these settings. Microblogging_sentence_54

On centralized services, where all of the Micro-blog's information flows through one point (e.g. servers operated by Twitter), privacy has been a concern in that user information has sometimes been exposed to governments and courts without the prior consent of the user who generated such supposedly private information, usually through subpoenas or court orders. Microblogging_sentence_55

Examples can be found in Wikileaks related Twitter subpoenas, as well as various other cases. Microblogging_sentence_56

Security concerns have been voiced within the business world, since there is potential for sensitive work information to be publicized on micro-blogging sites such as Twitter. Microblogging_sentence_57

This includes information which may be subject to a superinjunction. Microblogging_sentence_58

Integration could be the hardest issue to commonly overcome since it can be argued that corporate culture must change to accommodate micro-blogging. Microblogging_sentence_59

Related concepts Microblogging_section_3

Live blogging is a derivative of micro-blogging that generates a continuous feed on a specific web page. Microblogging_sentence_60

Instant messaging and IRC display status, but generally only one of a few choices, such as: available, off-line, away, busy. Microblogging_sentence_61

Away messages (messages displayed when the user is away) form a kind of micro-blogging. Microblogging_sentence_62

In the Finger protocol, the .project and .plan files are sometimes used for status updates similar to micro-blogging. Microblogging_sentence_63

See also Microblogging_section_4

Articles Microblogging_section_5

Platforms Microblogging_section_6


Services Microblogging_section_7

Defunct Microblogging_section_8

Past micro-blogging services, no longer active. Microblogging_sentence_64

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Microblogging.