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Microsoft CorporationMicrosoft_table_caption_0
TypeMicrosoft_header_cell_0_0_0 PublicMicrosoft_cell_0_0_1
Traded asMicrosoft_header_cell_0_1_0 Microsoft_cell_0_1_1
ISINMicrosoft_header_cell_0_2_0 Microsoft_cell_0_2_1
IndustryMicrosoft_header_cell_0_3_0 Microsoft_cell_0_3_1
PredecessorMicrosoft_header_cell_0_4_0 Traf-O-DataMicrosoft_cell_0_4_1
FoundedMicrosoft_header_cell_0_5_0 April 4, 1975; 45 years ago (1975-04-04) in Albuquerque, New Mexico, U.S.Microsoft_cell_0_5_1
FoundersMicrosoft_header_cell_0_6_0 Microsoft_cell_0_6_1
HeadquartersMicrosoft_header_cell_0_7_0 One Microsoft Way

Redmond, Washington, U.S.Microsoft_cell_0_7_1

Area servedMicrosoft_header_cell_0_8_0 WorldwideMicrosoft_cell_0_8_1
Key peopleMicrosoft_header_cell_0_9_0 Microsoft_cell_0_9_1
ProductsMicrosoft_header_cell_0_10_0 Microsoft_cell_0_10_1
ServicesMicrosoft_header_cell_0_11_0 Microsoft_cell_0_11_1
RevenueMicrosoft_header_cell_0_12_0 US$143 billion (2020)Microsoft_cell_0_12_1
Operating incomeMicrosoft_header_cell_0_13_0 US$53 billion (2020)Microsoft_cell_0_13_1
Net incomeMicrosoft_header_cell_0_14_0 US$44.3 billion (2020)Microsoft_cell_0_14_1
Total assetsMicrosoft_header_cell_0_15_0 US$301.3 billion (2020)Microsoft_cell_0_15_1
Total equityMicrosoft_header_cell_0_16_0 US$118.3 billion (2020)Microsoft_cell_0_16_1
Number of employeesMicrosoft_header_cell_0_17_0 156,439 (2020)Microsoft_cell_0_17_1
SubsidiariesMicrosoft_header_cell_0_18_0 LinkedIn

Xbox Game Studios Skype Technologies GitHubMicrosoft_cell_0_18_1

WebsiteMicrosoft_header_cell_0_19_0 Microsoft_cell_0_19_1

Microsoft Corporation (/ˈmaɪkroʊsɒft/ MY-kroh-soft) is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington. Microsoft_sentence_0

It develops, manufactures, licenses, supports, and sells computer software, consumer electronics, personal computers, and related services. Microsoft_sentence_1

Its best known software products are the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems, the Microsoft Office suite, and the Internet Explorer and Edge web browsers. Microsoft_sentence_2

Its flagship hardware products are the Xbox video game consoles and the Microsoft Surface lineup of touchscreen personal computers. Microsoft_sentence_3

Microsoft ranked No. Microsoft_sentence_4

21 in the 2020 Fortune 500 rankings of the largest United States corporations by total revenue; it was the world's largest software maker by revenue as of 2016. Microsoft_sentence_5

It is considered one of the Big Five companies in the U.S. information technology industry, along with Google, Apple, Amazon, and Facebook. Microsoft_sentence_6

Microsoft (the word being a portmanteau of "microcomputer software") was founded by Bill Gates and Paul Allen on April 4, 1975, to develop and sell BASIC interpreters for the Altair 8800. Microsoft_sentence_7

It rose to dominate the personal computer operating system market with MS-DOS in the mid-1980s, followed by Microsoft Windows. Microsoft_sentence_8

The company's 1986 initial public offering (IPO), and subsequent rise in its share price, created three billionaires and an estimated 12,000 millionaires among Microsoft employees. Microsoft_sentence_9

Since the 1990s, it has increasingly diversified from the operating system market and has made a number of corporate acquisitions, their largest being the acquisition of LinkedIn for $26.2 billion in December 2016, followed by their acquisition of Skype Technologies for $8.5 billion in May 2011. Microsoft_sentence_10

As of 2015, Microsoft is market-dominant in the IBM PC compatible operating system market and the office software suite market, although it has lost the majority of the overall operating system market to Android. Microsoft_sentence_11

The company also produces a wide range of other consumer and enterprise software for desktops, laptops, tabs, gadgets, and servers, including Internet search (with Bing), the digital services market (through MSN), mixed reality (HoloLens), cloud computing (Azure), and software development (Visual Studio). Microsoft_sentence_12

Steve Ballmer replaced Gates as CEO in 2000, and later envisioned a "devices and services" strategy. Microsoft_sentence_13

This unfolded with Microsoft acquiring Danger Inc. in 2008, entering the personal computer production market for the first time in June 2012 with the launch of the Microsoft Surface line of tablet computers, and later forming Microsoft Mobile through the acquisition of Nokia's devices and services division. Microsoft_sentence_14

Since Satya Nadella took over as CEO in 2014, the company has scaled back on hardware and has instead focused on cloud computing, a move that helped the company's shares reach its highest value since December 1999. Microsoft_sentence_15

Earlier dethroned by Apple in 2010, in 2018 Microsoft reclaimed its position as the most valuable publicly traded company in the world. Microsoft_sentence_16

In April 2019, Microsoft reached the trillion-dollar market cap, becoming the third U.S. public company to be valued at over $1 trillion after Apple and Amazon respectively. Microsoft_sentence_17

History Microsoft_section_0

Further information: History of Microsoft and Timeline of Microsoft Microsoft_sentence_18

See also: Microsoft Windows version history Microsoft_sentence_19

1972–1985: Founding Microsoft_section_1

Childhood friends Bill Gates and Paul Allen sought to make a business using their skills in computer programming. Microsoft_sentence_20

In 1972, they founded Traf-O-Data, which sold a rudimentary computer to track and analyze automobile traffic data. Microsoft_sentence_21

Gates enrolled at Harvard University while Allen pursued a degree in computer science at Washington State University, though he later dropped out to work at Honeywell. Microsoft_sentence_22

The January 1975 issue of Popular Electronics featured Micro Instrumentation and Telemetry Systems's (MITS) Altair 8800 microcomputer, which inspired Allen to suggest that they could program a BASIC interpreter for the device. Microsoft_sentence_23

Gates called MITS and claimed that he had a working interpreter, and MITS requested a demonstration. Microsoft_sentence_24

Allen worked on a simulator for the Altair while Gates developed the interpreter, and it worked flawlessly when they demonstrated it to MITS in March 1975 in Albuquerque, New Mexico. Microsoft_sentence_25

MITS agreed to distribute it, marketing it as Altair BASIC. Microsoft_sentence_26

Gates and Allen established Microsoft on April 4, 1975, with Gates as CEO, and Allen suggested the name "Micro-Soft", short for micro-computer software. Microsoft_sentence_27

In August 1977, the company formed an agreement with ASCII Magazine in Japan, resulting in its first international office of ASCII Microsoft. Microsoft_sentence_28

Microsoft moved its headquarters to Bellevue, Washington in January 1979. Microsoft_sentence_29

Microsoft entered the operating system (OS) business in 1980 with its own version of Unix called Xenix, but it was MS-DOS that solidified the company's dominance. Microsoft_sentence_30

IBM awarded a contract to Microsoft in November 1980 to provide a version of the CP/M OS to be used in the IBM Personal Computer (IBM PC). Microsoft_sentence_31

For this deal, Microsoft purchased a CP/M clone called 86-DOS from Seattle Computer Products which it branded as MS-DOS, although IBM rebranded it to IBM PC DOS. Microsoft_sentence_32

Microsoft retained ownership of MS-DOS following the release of the IBM PC in August 1981. Microsoft_sentence_33

IBM had copyrighted the IBM PC BIOS, so other companies had to reverse engineer it in order for non-IBM hardware to run as IBM PC compatibles, but no such restriction applied to the operating systems. Microsoft_sentence_34

Microsoft eventually became the leading PC operating systems vendor. Microsoft_sentence_35

The company expanded into new markets with the release of the Microsoft Mouse in 1983, as well as with a publishing division named Microsoft Press. Microsoft_sentence_36

Paul Allen resigned from Microsoft in 1983 after developing Hodgkin's disease. Microsoft_sentence_37

Allen claimed in Idea Man: A Memoir by the Co-founder of Microsoft that Gates wanted to dilute his share in the company when he was diagnosed with Hodgkin's disease because he did not think that he was working hard enough. Microsoft_sentence_38

Allen later invested in low-tech sectors, sports teams, commercial real estate, neuroscience, private space flight, and more. Microsoft_sentence_39

1985–1994: Windows and Office Microsoft_section_2

Microsoft released Microsoft Windows on November 20, 1985, as a graphical extension for MS-DOS, despite having begun jointly developing OS/2 with IBM the previous August. Microsoft_sentence_40

Microsoft moved its headquarters from Bellevue to Redmond, Washington on February 26, 1986, and went public on March 13, with the resulting rise in stock making an estimated four billionaires and 12,000 millionaires from Microsoft employees. Microsoft_sentence_41

Microsoft released its version of OS/2 to original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) on April 2, 1987. Microsoft_sentence_42

In 1990, the Federal Trade Commission examined Microsoft for possible collusion due to the partnership with IBM, marking the beginning of more than a decade of legal clashes with the government. Microsoft_sentence_43

Meanwhile, the company was at work on Microsoft Windows NT, which was heavily based on their copy of the OS/2 code. Microsoft_sentence_44

It shipped on July 21, 1993, with a new modular kernel and the 32-bit Win32 application programming interface (API), making it easier to port from 16-bit (MS-DOS-based) Windows. Microsoft_sentence_45

Microsoft informed IBM of Windows NT, and the OS/2 partnership deteriorated. Microsoft_sentence_46

In 1990, Microsoft introduced the Microsoft Office suite which bundled separate applications such as Microsoft Word and Microsoft Excel. Microsoft_sentence_47

On May 22, Microsoft launched Windows 3.0, featuring streamlined user interface graphics and improved protected mode capability for the Intel 386 processor, and both Office and Windows became dominant in their respective areas. Microsoft_sentence_48

On July 27, 1994, the Department of Justice's Antitrust Division filed a competitive impact statement which said: "Beginning in 1988, and continuing until July 15, 1994, Microsoft induced many OEMs to execute anti-competitive 'per processor' licenses. Microsoft_sentence_49

Under a per-processor license, an OEM pays Microsoft a royalty for each computer it sells containing a particular microprocessor, whether the OEM sells the computer with a Microsoft operating system or a non-Microsoft operating system. Microsoft_sentence_50

In effect, the royalty payment to Microsoft when no Microsoft product is being used acts as a penalty, or tax, on the OEM's use of a competing PC operating system. Microsoft_sentence_51

Since 1988, Microsoft's use of per processor licenses has increased." Microsoft_sentence_52

1995–2007: Foray into the Web, Windows 95, Windows XP, and Xbox Microsoft_section_3

Following Bill Gates' internal "Internet Tidal Wave memo" on May 26, 1995, Microsoft began to redefine its offerings and expand its product line into computer networking and the World Wide Web. Microsoft_sentence_53

With a few exceptions of new companies, like Netscape, Microsoft was the only major and established company that acted fast enough to be a part of the World Wide Web practically from the start. Microsoft_sentence_54

Other companies like Borland, WordPerfect, Novell, IBM and Lotus, being much slower to adapt to the new situation, would give Microsoft a market dominance. Microsoft_sentence_55

The company released Windows 95 on August 24, 1995, featuring pre-emptive multitasking, a completely new user interface with a novel start button, and 32-bit compatibility; similar to NT, it provided the Win32 API. Microsoft_sentence_56

Windows 95 came bundled with the online service MSN, which was at first intended to be a competitor to the Internet, and (for OEMs) Internet Explorer, a Web browser. Microsoft_sentence_57

Internet Explorer was not bundled with the retail Windows 95 boxes, because the boxes were printed before the team finished the Web browser, and instead was included in the Windows 95 Plus! Microsoft_sentence_58

pack. Microsoft_sentence_59

Backed by a high-profile marketing campaign and what The New York Times called "the splashiest, most frenzied, most expensive introduction of a computer product in the industry's history," Windows 95 quickly became a success. Microsoft_sentence_60

Branching out into new markets in 1996, Microsoft and General Electric's NBC unit created a new 24/7 cable news channel, MSNBC. Microsoft_sentence_61

Microsoft created Windows CE 1.0, a new OS designed for devices with low memory and other constraints, such as personal digital assistants. Microsoft_sentence_62

In October 1997, the Justice Department filed a motion in the Federal District Court, stating that Microsoft violated an agreement signed in 1994 and asked the court to stop the bundling of Internet Explorer with Windows. Microsoft_sentence_63

On January 13, 2000, Bill Gates handed over the CEO position to Steve Ballmer, an old college friend of Gates and employee of the company since 1980, while creating a new position for himself as Chief Software Architect. Microsoft_sentence_64

Various companies including Microsoft formed the Trusted Computing Platform Alliance in October 1999 to (among other things) increase security and protect intellectual property through identifying changes in hardware and software. Microsoft_sentence_65

Critics decried the alliance as a way to enforce indiscriminate restrictions over how consumers use software, and over how computers behave, and as a form of digital rights management: for example the scenario where a computer is not only secured for its owner, but also secured against its owner as well. Microsoft_sentence_66

On April 3, 2000, a judgment was handed down in the case of United States v. Microsoft Corp., calling the company an "abusive monopoly." Microsoft_sentence_67

Microsoft later settled with the U.S. Department of Justice in 2004. Microsoft_sentence_68

On October 25, 2001, Microsoft released Windows XP, unifying the mainstream and NT lines of OS under the NT codebase. Microsoft_sentence_69

The company released the Xbox later that year, entering the video game console market dominated by Sony and Nintendo. Microsoft_sentence_70

In March 2004 the European Union brought antitrust legal action against the company, citing it abused its dominance with the Windows OS, resulting in a judgment of €497 million ($613 million) and requiring Microsoft to produce new versions of Windows XP without Windows Media Player: Windows XP Home Edition N and Windows XP Professional N. In November 2005, the company's second video game console, the Xbox 360, was released. Microsoft_sentence_71

There were two versions, a basic version for $299.99 and a deluxe version for $399.99. Microsoft_sentence_72

Increasingly present in the hardware business following Xbox, Microsoft in 2006 released the Zune series of digital media players, a successor of its previous software platform Portable Media Center. Microsoft_sentence_73

These expanded on previous hardware commitments from Microsoft following its original Microsoft Mouse in 1983; as of 2007 the company sold the best-seling wired keyboard (Natural Ergonomic Keyboard 4000), mouse (IntelliMouse), and desktop webcam (LifeCam) in the United States. Microsoft_sentence_74

That year the company also launched the Surface "digital table", later renamed PixelSense. Microsoft_sentence_75

2007–2011: Microsoft Azure, Windows Vista, Windows 7, and Microsoft Stores Microsoft_section_4

Released in January 2007, the next version of Windows, Vista, focused on features, security and a redesigned user interface dubbed Aero. Microsoft_sentence_76

Microsoft Office 2007, released at the same time, featured a "Ribbon" user interface which was a significant departure from its predecessors. Microsoft_sentence_77

Relatively strong sales of both products helped to produce a record profit in 2007. Microsoft_sentence_78

The European Union imposed another fine of €899 million ($1.4 billion) for Microsoft's lack of compliance with the March 2004 judgment on February 27, 2008, saying that the company charged rivals unreasonable prices for key information about its workgroup and backoffice servers. Microsoft_sentence_79

Microsoft stated that it was in compliance and that "these fines are about the past issues that have been resolved". Microsoft_sentence_80

2007 also saw the creation of a multi-core unit at Microsoft, following the steps of server companies such as Sun and IBM. Microsoft_sentence_81

Gates retired from his role as Chief Software Architect on June 27, 2008, a decision announced in June 2006, while retaining other positions related to the company in addition to being an advisor for the company on key projects. Microsoft_sentence_82

Azure Services Platform, the company's entry into the cloud computing market for Windows, launched on October 27, 2008. Microsoft_sentence_83

On February 12, 2009, Microsoft announced its intent to open a chain of Microsoft-branded retail stores, and on October 22, 2009, the first retail Microsoft Store opened in Scottsdale, Arizona; the same day Windows 7 was officially released to the public. Microsoft_sentence_84

Windows 7's focus was on refining Vista with ease-of-use features and performance enhancements, rather than an extensive reworking of Windows. Microsoft_sentence_85

As the smartphone industry boomed in the late 2000s, Microsoft had struggled to keep up with its rivals in providing a modern smartphone operating system, falling behind Apple and Google-sponsored Android in the United States. Microsoft_sentence_86

As a result, in 2010 Microsoft revamped their aging flagship mobile operating system, Windows Mobile, replacing it with the new Windows Phone OS that was released in October that year. Microsoft_sentence_87

It used a new user interface design language, codenamed "Metro", which prominently used simple shapes, typography and iconography, utilizing the concept of minimalism. Microsoft_sentence_88

Microsoft implemented a new strategy for the software industry, providing a consistent user experience across all smartphones using the Windows Phone OS. Microsoft_sentence_89

It launched an alliance with Nokia in 2011 and Microsoft worked closely with the company to co-develop Windows Phone, but remained partners with long-time Windows Mobile OEM HTC. Microsoft_sentence_90

Microsoft is a founding member of the Open Networking Foundation started on March 23, 2011. Microsoft_sentence_91

Fellow founders were Google, HP Networking, Yahoo! Microsoft_sentence_92 , Verizon Communications, Deutsche Telekom and 17 other companies. Microsoft_sentence_93

This nonprofit organization is focused on providing support for a cloud computing initiative called Software-Defined Networking. Microsoft_sentence_94

The initiative is meant to speed innovation through simple software changes in telecommunications networks, wireless networks, data centers and other networking areas. Microsoft_sentence_95

2011–2014: Windows 8/8.1, Xbox One,, and Surface devices Microsoft_section_5

Following the release of Windows Phone, Microsoft undertook a gradual rebranding of its product range throughout 2011 and 2012, with the corporation's logos, products, services and websites adopting the principles and concepts of the Metro design language. Microsoft_sentence_96

Microsoft unveiled Windows 8, an operating system designed to power both personal computers and tablet computers, in Taipei in June 2011. Microsoft_sentence_97

A developer preview was released on September 13, which was subsequently replaced by a consumer preview on February 29, 2012, and released to the public in May. Microsoft_sentence_98

The Surface was unveiled on June 18, becoming the first computer in the company's history to have its hardware made by Microsoft. Microsoft_sentence_99

On June 25, Microsoft paid US$1.2 billion to buy the social network Yammer. Microsoft_sentence_100

On July 31, they launched the webmail service to compete with Gmail. Microsoft_sentence_101

On September 4, 2012, Microsoft released Windows Server 2012. Microsoft_sentence_102

In July 2012, Microsoft sold its 50% stake in MSNBC, which it had run as a joint venture with NBC since 1996. Microsoft_sentence_103

On October 1, Microsoft announced its intention to launch a news operation, part of a new-look MSN, with Windows 8 later in the month. Microsoft_sentence_104

On October 26, 2012, Microsoft launched Windows 8 and the Microsoft Surface. Microsoft_sentence_105

Three days later, Windows Phone 8 was launched. Microsoft_sentence_106

To cope with the potential for an increase in demand for products and services, Microsoft opened a number of "holiday stores" across the U.S. to complement the increasing number of "bricks-and-mortar" Microsoft Stores that opened in 2012. Microsoft_sentence_107

On March 29, 2013, Microsoft launched a Patent Tracker. Microsoft_sentence_108

In August 2012, the New York City Police Department announced a partnership with Microsoft for the development of the Domain Awareness System which is used for Police surveillance in New York City. Microsoft_sentence_109

The Kinect, a motion-sensing input device made by Microsoft and designed as a video game controller, first introduced in November 2010, was upgraded for the 2013 release of the Xbox One video game console. Microsoft_sentence_110

Kinect's capabilities were revealed in May 2013: an ultra-wide 1080p camera, function in the dark due to an infrared sensor, higher-end processing power and new software, the ability to distinguish between fine movements (such as a thumb movements), and determining a user's heart rate by looking at their face. Microsoft_sentence_111

Microsoft filed a patent application in 2011 that suggests that the corporation may use the Kinect camera system to monitor the behavior of television viewers as part of a plan to make the viewing experience more interactive. Microsoft_sentence_112

On July 19, 2013, Microsoft stocks suffered its biggest one-day percentage sell-off since the year 2000, after its fourth-quarter report raised concerns among the investors on the poor showings of both Windows 8 and the Surface tablet. Microsoft_sentence_113

Microsoft suffered a loss of more than US$32 billion. Microsoft_sentence_114

In line with the maturing PC business, in July 2013, Microsoft announced that it would reorganize the business into four new business divisions, namely Operating System, Apps, Cloud, and Devices. Microsoft_sentence_115

All previous divisions will be dissolved into new divisions without any workforce cuts. Microsoft_sentence_116

On September 3, 2013, Microsoft agreed to buy Nokia's mobile unit for $7 billion, following Amy Hood taking the role of CFO. Microsoft_sentence_117

2014–2020: Windows 10, Microsoft Edge, HoloLens Microsoft_section_6

On February 4, 2014, Steve Ballmer stepped down as CEO of Microsoft and was succeeded by Satya Nadella, who previously led Microsoft's Cloud and Enterprise division. Microsoft_sentence_118

On the same day, John W. Thompson took on the role of chairman, in place of Bill Gates, who continued to participate as a technology advisor. Microsoft_sentence_119

Thompson became the second chairman in Microsoft's history. Microsoft_sentence_120

On April 25, 2014, Microsoft acquired Nokia Devices and Services for $7.2 billion. Microsoft_sentence_121

This new subsidiary was renamed Microsoft Mobile Oy. Microsoft_sentence_122

On September 15, 2014, Microsoft acquired the video game development company Mojang, best known for Minecraft, for $2.5 billion. Microsoft_sentence_123

On June 8, 2017, Microsoft acquired Hexadite, an Israeli security firm, for $100 million. Microsoft_sentence_124

On January 21, 2015, Microsoft announced the release of their first Interactive whiteboard, Microsoft Surface Hub. Microsoft_sentence_125

On July 29, 2015, Windows 10 was released, with its server sibling, Windows Server 2016, released in September 2016. Microsoft_sentence_126

In Q1 2015, Microsoft was the third largest maker of mobile phones, selling 33 million units (7.2% of all). Microsoft_sentence_127

While a large majority (at least 75%) of them do not run any version of Windows Phone— those other phones are not categorized as smartphones by Gartner – in the same time frame 8 million Windows smartphones (2.5% of all smartphones) were made by all manufacturers (but mostly by Microsoft). Microsoft_sentence_128

Microsoft's share of the U.S. smartphone market in January 2016 was 2.7%. Microsoft_sentence_129

During the summer of 2015 the company lost $7.6 billion related to its mobile-phone business, firing 7,800 employees. Microsoft_sentence_130

On March 1, 2016, Microsoft announced the merger of its PC and Xbox divisions, with Phil Spencer announcing that Universal Windows Platform (UWP) apps would be the focus for Microsoft's gaming in the future. Microsoft_sentence_131

On January 24, 2017, Microsoft showcased Intune for Education at the BETT 2017 education technology conference in London. Microsoft_sentence_132

Intune for Education is a new cloud-based application and device management service for the education sector. Microsoft_sentence_133

In May 2016, the company announced it was laying off 1,850 workers, and taking an impairment and restructuring charge of $950 million. Microsoft_sentence_134

In June 2016, Microsoft announced a project named Microsoft Azure Information Protection. Microsoft_sentence_135

It aims to help enterprises protect their data as it moves between servers and devices. Microsoft_sentence_136

In November 2016, Microsoft joined the Linux Foundation as a Platinum member during Microsoft's Connect(); developer event in New York. Microsoft_sentence_137

The cost of each Platinum membership is US$500,000 per year. Microsoft_sentence_138

Some analysts deemed this unthinkable ten years prior, however, as in 2001 then-CEO Steve Ballmer called Linux "cancer". Microsoft_sentence_139

Microsoft planned to launch a preview of Intune for Education "in the coming weeks", with general availability scheduled for spring 2017, priced at $30 per device, or through volume licensing agreements. Microsoft_sentence_140

In January 2018, Microsoft patched Windows 10 to account for CPU problems related to Intel's Meltdown security breach. Microsoft_sentence_141

The patch led to issues with the Microsoft Azure virtual machines reliant on Intel's CPU architecture. Microsoft_sentence_142

On January 12, Microsoft released PowerShell Core 6.0 for the macOS and Linux operating systems. Microsoft_sentence_143

In February 2018, Microsoft killed notification support for their Windows Phone devices which effectively ended firmware updates for the discontinued devices. Microsoft_sentence_144

In March 2018, Microsoft recalled Windows 10 S to change it to a mode for the Windows operating system rather than a separate and unique operating system. Microsoft_sentence_145

In March the company also established guidelines that censor users of Office 365 from using profanity in private documents. Microsoft_sentence_146

In April 2018, Microsoft released the source code for Windows under the MIT License to celebrate the program's 20th anniversary. Microsoft_sentence_147

In April the company further expressed willingness to embrace open source initiatives by announcing Azure Sphere as its own derivative of the Linux operating system. Microsoft_sentence_148

In May 2018, Microsoft partnered with 17 American intelligence agencies to develop cloud computing products. Microsoft_sentence_149

The project is dubbed "Azure Government" and has ties to the Joint Enterprise Defense Infrastructure (JEDI) surveillance program. Microsoft_sentence_150

On June 4, 2018, Microsoft officially announced the acquisition of GitHub for $7.5 billion, a deal that closed on October 26, 2018. Microsoft_sentence_151

On July 10, 2018, Microsoft revealed the Surface Go platform to the public. Microsoft_sentence_152

Later in the month it converted Microsoft Teams to gratis. Microsoft_sentence_153

In August 2018, Microsoft released two projects called Microsoft AccountGuard and Defending Democracy. Microsoft_sentence_154

It also unveiled Snapdragon 850 compatibility for Windows 10 on the ARM architecture. Microsoft_sentence_155

In August 2018, Toyota Tsusho began a partnership with Microsoft to create fish farming tools using the Microsoft Azure application suite for Internet of things (IoT) technologies related to water management. Microsoft_sentence_156

Developed in part by researchers from Kindai University, the water pump mechanisms use artificial intelligence to count the number of fish on a conveyor belt, analyze the number of fish, and deduce the effectiveness of water flow from the data the fish provide. Microsoft_sentence_157

The specific computer programs used in the process fall under the Azure Machine Learning and the Azure IoT Hub platforms. Microsoft_sentence_158

In September 2018, Microsoft discontinued Skype Classic. Microsoft_sentence_159

On October 10, 2018, Microsoft joined the Open Invention Network community despite holding more than 60,000 patents. Microsoft_sentence_160

In November 2018, Microsoft agreed to supply 100,000 Microsoft HoloLens headsets to the United States military in order to "increase lethality by enhancing the ability to detect, decide and engage before the enemy." Microsoft_sentence_161

In November 2018, Microsoft introduced Azure Multi-Factor Authentication for Microsoft Azure. Microsoft_sentence_162

In December 2018, Microsoft announced Project Mu, an open source release of the Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI) core used in Microsoft Surface and Hyper-V products. Microsoft_sentence_163

The project promotes the idea of Firmware as a Service. Microsoft_sentence_164

In the same month, Microsoft announced the open source implementation of Windows Forms and the Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF) which will allow for further movement of the company toward the transparent release of key frameworks used in developing Windows desktop applications and software. Microsoft_sentence_165

December also saw the company discontinue the Microsoft Edge project in favor of Chromium backends for their browsers. Microsoft_sentence_166

February 20, 2019 Microsoft Corp said it will offer its cyber security service AccountGuard to 12 new markets in Europe including Germany, France and Spain, to close security gaps and protect customers in political space from hacking. Microsoft_sentence_167

In February 2019, hundreds of Microsoft employees protested the company's war profiteering from a $480 million contract to develop virtual reality headsets for the United States Army. Microsoft_sentence_168

2020–present: Acquisitions, Xbox Series X/S Microsoft_section_7

On March 26, 2020, Microsoft announced it was acquiring Affirmed Networks for about $1.35 billion. Microsoft_sentence_169

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, Microsoft closed all of its retail stores indefinitely due to health concerns. Microsoft_sentence_170

On July 22, 2020, Microsoft announced plans to close its Mixer service, planning to move existing partners to Facebook Gaming. Microsoft_sentence_171

On July 31, 2020, it was reported that Microsoft was in talks to acquire TikTok after the Trump administration ordered ByteDance to divest ownership of the application to the U.S. On August 3, 2020, after speculation on the deal, Donald Trump stated that Microsoft could buy the application, however it should be completed by September 15, 2020 and that the United States Department of the Treasury should receive a portion if it were to go through. Microsoft_sentence_172

On August 5, 2020, Microsoft stopped its xCloud game streaming test for iOS devices. Microsoft_sentence_173

According to Microsoft, the future of xCloud on iOS remains unclear and potentially out of Microsoft's hands. Microsoft_sentence_174

Apple has imposed a strict limit on "remote desktop clients" that means applications are only allowed to connect to a user-owned host device or gaming console owned by the user. Microsoft_sentence_175

On September 21, 2020, Microsoft announced its intent to acquire ZeniMax Media for about $7.5 billion, with the deal expected to be occurred in the second half of 2021 fiscal year. Microsoft_sentence_176

On September 22, 2020, Microsoft announced that it had an exclusive license to use OpenAI’s GPT-3 artificial intelligence language generator. Microsoft_sentence_177

The previous version of GPT-3, called GPT-2, made headlines for being “too dangerous to release” and had numerous capabilities, including designing websites, prescribing medication, answering questions and penning articles. Microsoft_sentence_178

On November 10, 2020, Microsoft released the Xbox Series X and Xbox Series S video game consoles. Microsoft_sentence_179

Corporate affairs Microsoft_section_8

See also: Criticism of Microsoft; Internet censorship in China; and Embrace, extend, and extinguish Microsoft_sentence_180

Board of directors Microsoft_section_9

The company is run by a board of directors made up of mostly company outsiders, as is customary for publicly traded companies. Microsoft_sentence_181

Members of the board of directors as of July 2020 are Satya Nadella, Reid Hoffman, Hugh Johnston, Teri List-Stoll, Sandi Peterson, Penny Pritzker, Charles Scharf, Arne Sorenson, John W. Stanton, John W. Thompson, Emma Walmsley and Padmasree Warrior. Microsoft_sentence_182

Board members are elected every year at the annual shareholders' meeting using a majority vote system. Microsoft_sentence_183

There are four committees within the board which oversee more specific matters. Microsoft_sentence_184

These committees include the Audit Committee, which handles accounting issues with the company including auditing and reporting; the Compensation Committee, which approves compensation for the CEO and other employees of the company; the Governance and Nominating Committee, which handles various corporate matters including nomination of the board; and the Regulatory and Public Policy Committee, which includes legal/antitrust matters, along with privacy, trade, digital safety, artificial intelligence, and environmental sustainability. Microsoft_sentence_185

On March 13, 2020, Gates announced that he is leaving the board of directors of Microsoft and Berkshire Hathaway in order to focus more on his philanthropic efforts. Microsoft_sentence_186

According to Aaron Tilley of The Wall Street Journal this is "marking the biggest boardroom departure in the tech industry since the death of longtime rival and Apple Inc. co-founder Steve Jobs." Microsoft_sentence_187

Chief executives Microsoft_section_10


  1. Bill Gates (1975–2000)Microsoft_item_0_0
  2. Steve Ballmer (2000–2014)Microsoft_item_0_1
  3. Satya Nadella (2014– present)Microsoft_item_0_2

Financial Microsoft_section_11

When Microsoft went public and launched its initial public offering (IPO) in 1986, the opening stock price was $21; after the trading day, the price closed at $27.75. Microsoft_sentence_188

As of July 2010, with the company's nine stock splits, any IPO shares would be multiplied by 288; if one were to buy the IPO today, given the splits and other factors, it would cost about 9 cents. Microsoft_sentence_189

The stock price peaked in 1999 at around $119 ($60.928, adjusting for splits). Microsoft_sentence_190

The company began to offer a dividend on January 16, 2003, starting at eight cents per share for the fiscal year followed by a dividend of sixteen cents per share the subsequent year, switching from yearly to quarterly dividends in 2005 with eight cents a share per quarter and a special one-time payout of three dollars per share for the second quarter of the fiscal year. Microsoft_sentence_191

Though the company had subsequent increases in dividend payouts, the price of Microsoft's stock remained steady for years. Microsoft_sentence_192

Standard & Poor's and Moody's Investors Service have both given a AAA rating to Microsoft, whose assets were valued at $41 billion as compared to only $8.5 billion in unsecured debt. Microsoft_sentence_193

Consequently, in February 2011 Microsoft released a corporate bond amounting to $2.25 billion with relatively low borrowing rates compared to government bonds. Microsoft_sentence_194

For the first time in 20 years Apple Inc. surpassed Microsoft in Q1 2011 quarterly profits and revenues due to a slowdown in PC sales and continuing huge losses in Microsoft's Online Services Division (which contains its search engine Bing). Microsoft_sentence_195

Microsoft profits were $5.2 billion, while Apple Inc. profits were $6 billion, on revenues of $14.5 billion and $24.7 billion respectively. Microsoft_sentence_196

Microsoft's Online Services Division has been continuously loss-making since 2006 and in Q1 2011 it lost $726 million. Microsoft_sentence_197

This follows a loss of $2.5 billion for the year 2010. Microsoft_sentence_198

On July 20, 2012, Microsoft posted its first quarterly loss ever, despite earning record revenues for the quarter and fiscal year, with a net loss of $492 million due to a writedown related to the advertising company aQuantive, which had been acquired for $6.2 billion back in 2007. Microsoft_sentence_199

As of January 2014, Microsoft's market capitalization stood at $314B, making it the 8th largest company in the world by market capitalization. Microsoft_sentence_200

On November 14, 2014, Microsoft overtook ExxonMobil to become the second most-valuable company by market capitalization, behind only Apple Inc. Its total market value was over $410B—with the stock price hitting $50.04 a share, the highest since early 2000. Microsoft_sentence_201

In 2015, Reuters reported that Microsoft Corp had earnings abroad of $76.4 billion which were untaxed by the Internal Revenue Service. Microsoft_sentence_202

Under U.S. law, corporations don't pay income tax on overseas profits until the profits are brought into the United States. Microsoft_sentence_203


YearMicrosoft_header_cell_1_0_0 Revenue

in mil. US$Microsoft_header_cell_1_0_1

Net income

in mil. US$Microsoft_header_cell_1_0_2

Total Assets

in mil. US$Microsoft_header_cell_1_0_3

2005Microsoft_cell_1_1_0 39,788Microsoft_cell_1_1_1 12,254Microsoft_cell_1_1_2 70,815Microsoft_cell_1_1_3 61,000Microsoft_cell_1_1_4
2006Microsoft_cell_1_2_0 44,282Microsoft_cell_1_2_1 12,599Microsoft_cell_1_2_2 69,597Microsoft_cell_1_2_3 71,000Microsoft_cell_1_2_4
2007Microsoft_cell_1_3_0 51,122Microsoft_cell_1_3_1 14,065Microsoft_cell_1_3_2 63,171Microsoft_cell_1_3_3 79,000Microsoft_cell_1_3_4
2008Microsoft_cell_1_4_0 60,420Microsoft_cell_1_4_1 17,681Microsoft_cell_1_4_2 72,793Microsoft_cell_1_4_3 91,000Microsoft_cell_1_4_4
2009Microsoft_cell_1_5_0 58,437Microsoft_cell_1_5_1 14,569Microsoft_cell_1_5_2 77,888Microsoft_cell_1_5_3 93,000Microsoft_cell_1_5_4
2010Microsoft_cell_1_6_0 62,484Microsoft_cell_1_6_1 18,760Microsoft_cell_1_6_2 86,113Microsoft_cell_1_6_3 89,000Microsoft_cell_1_6_4
2011Microsoft_cell_1_7_0 69,943Microsoft_cell_1_7_1 23,150Microsoft_cell_1_7_2 108,704Microsoft_cell_1_7_3 90,000Microsoft_cell_1_7_4
2012Microsoft_cell_1_8_0 73,723Microsoft_cell_1_8_1 16,978Microsoft_cell_1_8_2 121,271Microsoft_cell_1_8_3 94,000Microsoft_cell_1_8_4
2013Microsoft_cell_1_9_0 77,849Microsoft_cell_1_9_1 21,863Microsoft_cell_1_9_2 142,431Microsoft_cell_1_9_3 99,000Microsoft_cell_1_9_4
2014Microsoft_cell_1_10_0 86,833Microsoft_cell_1_10_1 22,074Microsoft_cell_1_10_2 172,384Microsoft_cell_1_10_3 128,000Microsoft_cell_1_10_4
2015Microsoft_cell_1_11_0 93,580Microsoft_cell_1_11_1 12,193Microsoft_cell_1_11_2 174,472Microsoft_cell_1_11_3 118,000Microsoft_cell_1_11_4
2016Microsoft_cell_1_12_0 91,154Microsoft_cell_1_12_1 20,539Microsoft_cell_1_12_2 193,468Microsoft_cell_1_12_3 114,000Microsoft_cell_1_12_4
2017Microsoft_cell_1_13_0 96,571Microsoft_cell_1_13_1 25,489Microsoft_cell_1_13_2 250,312Microsoft_cell_1_13_3 124,000Microsoft_cell_1_13_4
2018Microsoft_cell_1_14_0 110,360Microsoft_cell_1_14_1 16,571Microsoft_cell_1_14_2 258,848Microsoft_cell_1_14_3 131,000Microsoft_cell_1_14_4
2019Microsoft_cell_1_15_0 125,843Microsoft_cell_1_15_1 39,240Microsoft_cell_1_15_2 286,556Microsoft_cell_1_15_3 144,106Microsoft_cell_1_15_4

In November 2018, the company won a $480 million military contract with the U.S. government to bring augmented reality (AR) headset technology into the weapon repertoires of American soldiers. Microsoft_sentence_204

The two-year contract may result in follow-on orders of more than 100,000 headsets, according to documentation describing the bidding process. Microsoft_sentence_205

One of the contract's tag lines for the augmented reality technology seems to be its ability to enable "25 bloodless battles before the 1st battle", suggesting that actual combat training is going to be an essential aspect of the augmented reality headset capabilities. Microsoft_sentence_206

Subsidiaries Microsoft_section_12

Microsoft is an international business. Microsoft_sentence_207

As such, it needs subsidiaries present in whatever national markets it chooses to harvest. Microsoft_sentence_208

An example is Microsoft Canada, which it established in 1985. Microsoft_sentence_209

Other countries have similar installations, to funnel profits back up to Redmond and to distribute the dividends to the holders of MSFT stock. Microsoft_sentence_210

Marketing Microsoft_section_13

In 2004, Microsoft commissioned research firms to do independent studies comparing the total cost of ownership (TCO) of Windows Server 2003 to Linux; the firms concluded that companies found Windows easier to administrate than Linux, thus those using Windows would administrate faster resulting in lower costs for their company (i.e. lower TCO). Microsoft_sentence_211

This spurred a wave of related studies; a study by the Yankee Group concluded that upgrading from one version of Windows Server to another costs a fraction of the switching costs from Windows Server to Linux, although companies surveyed noted the increased security and reliability of Linux servers and concern about being locked into using Microsoft products. Microsoft_sentence_212

Another study, released by the Open Source Development Labs, claimed that the Microsoft studies were "simply outdated and one-sided" and their survey concluded that the TCO of Linux was lower due to Linux administrators managing more servers on average and other reasons. Microsoft_sentence_213

As part of the "Get the Facts" campaign, Microsoft highlighted the .NET Framework trading platform that it had developed in partnership with Accenture for the London Stock Exchange, claiming that it provided "five nines" reliability. Microsoft_sentence_214

After suffering extended downtime and unreliability the London Stock Exchange announced in 2009 that it was planning to drop its Microsoft solution and switch to a Linux-based one in 2010. Microsoft_sentence_215

In 2012, Microsoft hired a political pollster named Mark Penn, whom The New York Times called "famous for bulldozing" his political opponents as Executive Vice-President, Advertising and Strategy. Microsoft_sentence_216

Penn created a series of negative advertisements targeting one of Microsoft's chief competitors, Google. Microsoft_sentence_217

The advertisements, called "Scroogled", attempt to make the case that Google is "screwing" consumers with search results rigged to favor Google's paid advertisers, that Gmail violates the privacy of its users to place ad results related to the content of their emails and shopping results, which favor Google products. Microsoft_sentence_218

Tech publications like TechCrunch have been highly critical of the advertising campaign, while Google employees have embraced it. Microsoft_sentence_219

Layoffs Microsoft_section_14

Main article: Criticism of Microsoft Microsoft_sentence_220

In July 2014, Microsoft announced plans to lay off 18,000 employees. Microsoft_sentence_221

Microsoft employed 127,104 people as of June 5, 2014, making this about a 14 percent reduction of its workforce as the biggest Microsoft lay off ever. Microsoft_sentence_222

This included 12,500 professional and factory personnel. Microsoft_sentence_223

Previously, Microsoft had eliminated 5,800 jobs in 2009 in line with the Great Recession of 2008–2017. Microsoft_sentence_224

In September 2014, Microsoft laid off 2,100 people, including 747 people in the Seattle–Redmond area, where the company is headquartered. Microsoft_sentence_225

The firings came as a second wave of the layoffs that were previously announced. Microsoft_sentence_226

This brought the total number to over 15,000 out of the 18,000 expected cuts. Microsoft_sentence_227

In October 2014, Microsoft revealed that it was almost done with the elimination of 18,000 employees, which was its largest-ever layoff sweep. Microsoft_sentence_228

In July 2015, Microsoft announced another 7,800 job cuts in the next several months. Microsoft_sentence_229

In May 2016, Microsoft announced another 1,850 job cuts mostly in (Nokia) mobile phone division. Microsoft_sentence_230

As a result, the company will record an impairment and restructuring charge of approximately $950 million, of which approximately $200 million will relate to severance payments. Microsoft_sentence_231

United States government Microsoft_section_15

Main article: Criticism of Microsoft Microsoft_sentence_232

Microsoft provides information about reported bugs in their software to intelligence agencies of the United States government, prior to the public release of the fix. Microsoft_sentence_233

A Microsoft spokesperson has stated that the corporation runs several programs that facilitate the sharing of such information with the U.S. government. Microsoft_sentence_234

Following media reports about PRISM, NSA's massive electronic surveillance program, in May 2013, several technology companies were identified as participants, including Microsoft. Microsoft_sentence_235

According to leaks of said program, Microsoft joined the PRISM program in 2007. Microsoft_sentence_236

However, in June 2013, an official statement from Microsoft flatly denied their participation in the program: Microsoft_sentence_237

During the first six months in 2013, Microsoft had received requests that affected between 15,000 and 15,999 accounts. Microsoft_sentence_238

In December 2013, the company made statement to further emphasize the fact that they take their customers' privacy and data protection very seriously, even saying that "government snooping potentially now constitutes an "advanced persistent threat," alongside sophisticated malware and cyber attacks". Microsoft_sentence_239

The statement also marked the beginning of three-part program to enhance Microsoft's encryption and transparency efforts. Microsoft_sentence_240

On July 1, 2014, as part of this program they opened the first (of many) Microsoft Transparency Center, that provides "participating governments with the ability to review source code for our key products, assure themselves of their software integrity, and confirm there are no "back doors." Microsoft_sentence_241

Microsoft has also argued that the United States Congress should enact strong privacy regulations to protect consumer data. Microsoft_sentence_242

In April 2016, the company sued the U.S. government, arguing that secrecy orders were preventing the company from disclosing warrants to customers in violation of the company's and customers' rights. Microsoft_sentence_243

Microsoft argued that it was unconstitutional for the government to indefinitely ban Microsoft from informing its users that the government was requesting their emails and other documents, and that the Fourth Amendment made it so people or businesses had the right to know if the government searches or seizes their property. Microsoft_sentence_244

On October 23, 2017, Microsoft said it would drop the lawsuit as a result of a policy change by the United States Department of Justice (DoJ). Microsoft_sentence_245

The DoJ had "changed data request rules on alerting Internet users about agencies accessing their information." Microsoft_sentence_246

Corporate identity Microsoft_section_16

Corporate culture Microsoft_section_17

Technical reference for developers and articles for various Microsoft magazines such as Microsoft Systems Journal (MSJ) are available through the Microsoft Developer Network (MSDN). Microsoft_sentence_247

MSDN also offers subscriptions for companies and individuals, and the more expensive subscriptions usually offer access to pre-release beta versions of Microsoft software. Microsoft_sentence_248

In April 2004 Microsoft launched a community site for developers and users, titled Channel 9, that provides a wiki and an Internet forum. Microsoft_sentence_249

Another community site that provides daily videocasts and other services,, launched on March 3, 2006. Microsoft_sentence_250

Free technical support is traditionally provided through online Usenet newsgroups, and CompuServe in the past, monitored by Microsoft employees; there can be several newsgroups for a single product. Microsoft_sentence_251

Helpful people can be elected by peers or Microsoft employees for Microsoft Most Valuable Professional (MVP) status, which entitles them to a sort of special social status and possibilities for awards and other benefits. Microsoft_sentence_252

Noted for its internal lexicon, the expression "eating your own dog food" is used to describe the policy of using pre-release and beta versions of products inside Microsoft in an effort to test them in "real-world" situations. Microsoft_sentence_253

This is usually shortened to just "dog food" and is used as noun, verb, and adjective. Microsoft_sentence_254

Another bit of jargon, FYIFV or FYIV ("Fuck You, I'm [Fully] Vested"), is used by an employee to indicate they are financially independent and can avoid work anytime they wish. Microsoft_sentence_255

The company is also known for its hiring process, mimicked in other organizations and dubbed the "Microsoft interview", which is notorious for off-the-wall questions such as "Why is a manhole cover round? Microsoft_sentence_256

". Microsoft_sentence_257

Microsoft is an outspoken opponent of the cap on H-1B visas, which allow companies in the U.S. to employ certain foreign workers. Microsoft_sentence_258

Bill Gates claims the cap on H1B visas makes it difficult to hire employees for the company, stating "I'd certainly get rid of the H1B cap" in 2005. Microsoft_sentence_259

Critics of H1B visas argue that relaxing the limits would result in increased unemployment for U.S. citizens due to H1B workers working for lower salaries. Microsoft_sentence_260

The Human Rights Campaign Corporate Equality Index, a report of how progressive the organization deems company policies towards LGBT employees, rated Microsoft as 87% from 2002 to 2004 and as 100% from 2005 to 2010 after they allowed gender expression. Microsoft_sentence_261

In August 2018, Microsoft implemented a policy for all companies providing subcontractors to require 12 weeks of paid parental leave to each employee. Microsoft_sentence_262

This expands on the former requirement from 2015 requiring 15 days of paid vacation and sick leave each year. Microsoft_sentence_263

In 2015, Microsoft established its own parental leave policy to allow 12 weeks off for parental leave with an additional 8 weeks for the parent who gave birth. Microsoft_sentence_264

Environment Microsoft_section_18

In 2011, Greenpeace released a report rating the top ten big brands in cloud computing on their sources of electricity for their data centers. Microsoft_sentence_265

At the time, data centers consumed up to 2% of all global electricity and this amount was projected to increase. Microsoft_sentence_266

Phil Radford of Greenpeace said "we are concerned that this new explosion in electricity use could lock us into old, polluting energy sources instead of the clean energy available today," and called on "Amazon, Microsoft and other leaders of the information-technology industry must embrace clean energy to power their cloud-based data centers." Microsoft_sentence_267

In 2013, Microsoft agreed to buy power generated by a Texas wind project to power one of its data centers. Microsoft_sentence_268

Microsoft is ranked on the 17th place in Greenpeace's Guide to Greener Electronics (16th Edition) that ranks 18 electronics manufacturers according to their policies on toxic chemicals, recycling and climate change. Microsoft_sentence_269

Microsoft's timeline for phasing out brominated flame retardant (BFRs) and phthalates in all products is 2012 but its commitment to phasing out PVC is not clear. Microsoft_sentence_270

As of January 2011, it has no products that are completely free from PVC and BFRs. Microsoft_sentence_271

Microsoft's main U.S. campus received a silver certification from the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) program in 2008, and it installed over 2,000 solar panels on top of its buildings at its Silicon Valley campus, generating approximately 15 percent of the total energy needed by the facilities in April 2005. Microsoft_sentence_272

Microsoft makes use of alternative forms of transit. Microsoft_sentence_273

It created one of the world's largest private bus systems, the "Connector", to transport people from outside the company; for on-campus transportation, the "Shuttle Connect" uses a large fleet of hybrid cars to save fuel. Microsoft_sentence_274

The company also subsidizes regional public transport, provided by Sound Transit and King County Metro, as an incentive. Microsoft_sentence_275

In February 2010 however, Microsoft took a stance against adding additional public transport and high-occupancy vehicle (HOV) lanes to the State Route 520 and its floating bridge connecting Redmond to Seattle; the company did not want to delay the construction any further. Microsoft_sentence_276

Microsoft was ranked number 1 in the list of the World's Best Multinational Workplaces by the Great Place to Work Institute in 2011. Microsoft_sentence_277

In January 2020, the company promised to remove from the environment all of the carbon that it has emitted since its foundation in 1975. Microsoft_sentence_278

On October, 9, 2020, Microsoft made their work from home policy permanent. Microsoft_sentence_279

Headquarters Microsoft_section_19

The corporate headquarters, informally known as the Microsoft Redmond campus, is located at One Microsoft Way in Redmond, Washington. Microsoft_sentence_280

Microsoft initially moved onto the grounds of the campus on February 26, 1986, weeks before the company went public on March 13. Microsoft_sentence_281

The headquarters has since experienced multiple expansions since its establishment. Microsoft_sentence_282

It is estimated to encompass over 8 million ft (750,000 m) of office space and 30,000–40,000 employees. Microsoft_sentence_283

Additional offices are located in Bellevue and Issaquah, Washington (90,000 employees worldwide). Microsoft_sentence_284

The company is planning to upgrade its Mountain View, California, campus on a grand scale. Microsoft_sentence_285

The company has occupied this campus since 1981. Microsoft_sentence_286

In 2016, the company bought the 32-acre campus, with plans to renovate and expand it by 25%. Microsoft_sentence_287

Microsoft operates an East Coast headquarters in Charlotte, North Carolina. Microsoft_sentence_288

Flagship stores Microsoft_section_20

On October 26, 2015, the company opened its retail location on Fifth Avenue in New York City. Microsoft_sentence_289

The location features a five-story glass storefront and is 22,270 square feet. Microsoft_sentence_290

As per company executives, Microsoft had been on the lookout for a flagship location since 2009. Microsoft_sentence_291

The company's retail locations are part of a greater strategy to help build a connection with its consumers. Microsoft_sentence_292

The opening of the store coincided with the launch of the Surface Book and Surface Pro 4. Microsoft_sentence_293

On November 12, 2015, Microsoft opened a second flagship store, located in Sydney's Pitt Street Mall. Microsoft_sentence_294

Logo Microsoft_section_21

Microsoft adopted the so-called "Pac-Man Logo," designed by Scott Baker, in 1987. Microsoft_sentence_295

Baker stated "The new logo, in Helvetica italic typeface, has a slash between the o and s to emphasize the "soft" part of the name and convey motion and speed." Microsoft_sentence_296

Dave Norris ran an internal joke campaign to save the old logo, which was green, in all uppercase, and featured a fanciful letter O, nicknamed the blibbet, but it was discarded. Microsoft_sentence_297

Microsoft's logo with the tagline "Your potential. Microsoft_sentence_298

Our passion. Microsoft_sentence_299

"—below the main corporate name—is based on a slogan Microsoft used in 2008. Microsoft_sentence_300

In 2002, the company started using the logo in the United States and eventually started a television campaign with the slogan, changed from the previous tagline of "Where do you want to go today?" Microsoft_sentence_301

During the private MGX (Microsoft Global Exchange) conference in 2010, Microsoft unveiled the company's next tagline, "Be What's Next." Microsoft_sentence_302

They also had a slogan/tagline "Making it all make sense." Microsoft_sentence_303

On August 23, 2012, Microsoft unveiled a new corporate logo at the opening of its 23rd Microsoft store in Boston, indicating the company's shift of focus from the classic style to the tile-centric modern interface, which it uses/will use on the Windows Phone platform, Xbox 360, Windows 8 and the upcoming Office Suites. Microsoft_sentence_304

The new logo also includes four squares with the colors of the then-current Windows logo which have been used to represent Microsoft's four major products: Windows (blue), Office (red), Xbox (green) and Bing (yellow). Microsoft_sentence_305

The logo resembles the opening of one of the commercials for Windows 95. Microsoft_sentence_306


  • Microsoft logo historyMicrosoft_item_1_3
  • Microsoft_item_1_4
  • Microsoft_item_1_5
  • Microsoft_item_1_6
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  • Microsoft_item_1_8

Sponsorship Microsoft_section_22

The company was the official jersey sponsor of Finland's national basketball team at EuroBasket 2015. Microsoft_sentence_307

Philanthropy Microsoft_section_23

During the COVID-19 pandemic, Microsoft's president, Brad Smith, announced that an initial batch of supplies, including 15,000 protection goggles, infrared thermometers, medical caps, and protective suits, were donated to Seattle, with further aid to come soon. Microsoft_sentence_308

See also Microsoft_section_24


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