Microsoft Office

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Microsoft Office_table_infobox_0

Microsoft OfficeMicrosoft Office_table_caption_0
Developer(s)Microsoft Office_header_cell_0_0_0 MicrosoftMicrosoft Office_cell_0_0_1
Initial releaseMicrosoft Office_header_cell_0_1_0 November 19, 1990; 30 years ago (1990-11-19)Microsoft Office_cell_0_1_1
Stable release(s)Microsoft Office_header_cell_0_2_0
Office 3652011 (16.0.13426.20274) / November 23, 2020; 19 days ago (2020-11-23)One-time purchase2019 (16.0.13328.20356) / September 24, 2018; 2 years ago (2018-09-24)Microsoft Office_cell_0_3_0
Office 365Microsoft Office_header_cell_0_4_0 2011 (16.0.13426.20274) / November 23, 2020; 19 days ago (2020-11-23)Microsoft Office_cell_0_4_1
One-time purchaseMicrosoft Office_header_cell_0_5_0 2019 (16.0.13328.20356) / September 24, 2018; 2 years ago (2018-09-24)Microsoft Office_cell_0_5_1
Preview release(s)Microsoft Office_header_cell_0_6_0
Written inMicrosoft Office_header_cell_0_7_0 C++ (back-end)Microsoft Office_cell_0_7_1
Operating systemMicrosoft Office_header_cell_0_8_0 Microsoft WindowsMicrosoft Office_cell_0_8_1
Standard(s)Microsoft Office_header_cell_0_9_0 Office Open XML (ISO/IEC 29500)Microsoft Office_cell_0_9_1
Available inMicrosoft Office_header_cell_0_10_0 102 languagesMicrosoft Office_cell_0_10_1
TypeMicrosoft Office_header_cell_0_11_0 Office suiteMicrosoft Office_cell_0_11_1
LicenseMicrosoft Office_header_cell_0_12_0 Trialware, volume licensing or SaaSMicrosoft Office_cell_0_12_1
WebsiteMicrosoft Office_header_cell_0_13_0 Microsoft Office_cell_0_13_1

Microsoft Office_table_infobox_1

Microsoft Office for MacMicrosoft Office_table_caption_1
Developer(s)Microsoft Office_header_cell_1_0_0 MicrosoftMicrosoft Office_cell_1_0_1
Initial releaseMicrosoft Office_header_cell_1_1_0 August 1, 1989; 31 years ago (1989-08-01)Microsoft Office_cell_1_1_1
Stable releaseMicrosoft Office_header_cell_1_2_0 Microsoft Office 2019Microsoft Office_cell_1_2_1
Written inMicrosoft Office_header_cell_1_3_0 C++ (back-end), Objective-C (API/UI)Microsoft Office_cell_1_3_1
Operating systemMicrosoft Office_header_cell_1_4_0 macOS

Classic Mac OS (discontinued)Microsoft Office_cell_1_4_1

Available inMicrosoft Office_header_cell_1_5_0 16 languagesMicrosoft Office_cell_1_5_1
TypeMicrosoft Office_header_cell_1_6_0 Office suiteMicrosoft Office_cell_1_6_1
LicenseMicrosoft Office_header_cell_1_7_0 Proprietary commercial software (retail, volume licensing, SaaS)Microsoft Office_cell_1_7_1
WebsiteMicrosoft Office_header_cell_1_8_0 Q11255?uselang=en#P856Microsoft Office_cell_1_8_1

Microsoft Office_table_infobox_2

Microsoft Office for MobileMicrosoft Office_table_caption_2
Developer(s)Microsoft Office_header_cell_2_0_0 MicrosoftMicrosoft Office_cell_2_0_1
Initial releaseMicrosoft Office_header_cell_2_1_0 April 19, 2000; 20 years ago (2000-04-19)Microsoft Office_cell_2_1_1
Stable releaseMicrosoft Office_header_cell_2_2_0 16.0
  / February 2020; 10 months ago (2020-02)Microsoft Office_cell_2_2_1
Operating systemMicrosoft Office_header_cell_2_3_0 Windows 10, Windows 10 Mobile, Windows Phone, iOS, iPadOS, Android, Chrome OSMicrosoft Office_cell_2_3_1
PlatformMicrosoft Office_header_cell_2_4_0 Smartphones and Tablet computersMicrosoft Office_cell_2_4_1
TypeMicrosoft Office_header_cell_2_5_0 Productivity softwareMicrosoft Office_cell_2_5_1
LicenseMicrosoft Office_header_cell_2_6_0 Proprietary software:Microsoft Office_cell_2_6_1
WebsiteMicrosoft Office_header_cell_2_7_0 Q11255?uselang=en#P856Microsoft Office_cell_2_7_1

Microsoft Office, or simply Office, is a family of client software, server software, and services developed by Microsoft. Microsoft Office_sentence_0

It was first announced by Bill Gates on August 1, 1988, at COMDEX in Las Vegas. Microsoft Office_sentence_1

Initially a marketing term for an office suite (bundled set of productivity applications), the first version of Office contained Microsoft Word, Microsoft Excel, and Microsoft PowerPoint. Microsoft Office_sentence_2

Over the years, Office applications have grown substantially closer with shared features such as a common spell checker, OLE data integration and Visual Basic for Applications scripting language. Microsoft Office_sentence_3

Microsoft also positions Office as a development platform for line-of-business software under the Office Business Applications brand. Microsoft Office_sentence_4

On July 10, 2012, Softpedia reported that Office was being used by over a billion people worldwide. Microsoft Office_sentence_5

Office is produced in several versions targeted towards different end-users and computing environments. Microsoft Office_sentence_6

The original, and most widely used version, is the desktop version, available for PCs running the Windows and macOS operating systems. Microsoft Office_sentence_7

Microsoft also maintains mobile apps for Android and iOS. Microsoft Office_sentence_8

Office on the web is a version of the software that runs within a web browser. Microsoft Office_sentence_9

Since Office 2013, Microsoft has promoted Office 365 as the primary means of obtaining Microsoft Office: it allows the use of the software and other services on a subscription business model, and users receive feature updates to the software for the lifetime of the subscription, including new features and cloud computing integration that are not necessarily included in the "on-premises" releases of Office sold under conventional license terms. Microsoft Office_sentence_10

In 2017, revenue from Office 365 overtook conventional license sales. Microsoft Office_sentence_11

The current on-premises, desktop version of Office is Office 2019, released on September 24, 2018. Microsoft Office_sentence_12

Components Microsoft Office_section_0

See also: List of Microsoft Office programs Microsoft Office_sentence_13

Core apps and services Microsoft Office_section_1

Microsoft Office_unordered_list_0

  • Microsoft Word: a word processor included in Microsoft Office and some editions of the now-discontinued Microsoft Works. The first version of Word, released in the autumn of 1983, was for the MS-DOS operating system and introduced the computer mouse to more users. Word 1.0 could be purchased with a bundled mouse, though none was required. Following the precedents of LisaWrite and MacWrite, Word for Macintosh attempted to add closer WYSIWYG features into its package. Word for Mac was released in 1985. Word for Mac was the first graphical version of Microsoft Word. Initially, it implemented the proprietary .doc format as its primary format. Word 2007, however, deprecated this format in favor of Office Open XML, which was later standardized by Ecma International as an open format. Support for Portable Document Format (PDF) and OpenDocument (ODF) was first introduced in Word for Windows with Service Pack 2 for Word 2007.Microsoft Office_item_0_0
  • Microsoft Excel: a spreadsheet editor that originally competed with the dominant Lotus 1-2-3 and eventually outsold it. Microsoft released the first version of Excel for the Mac OS in 1985 and the first Windows version (numbered 2.05 to line up with the Mac) in November 1987.Microsoft Office_item_0_1
  • Microsoft PowerPoint: a presentation program used to create slideshows composed of text, graphics, and other objects, which can be displayed on-screen and shown by the presenter or printed out on transparencies or slides.Microsoft Office_item_0_2
  • Microsoft OneNote: a notetaking program that gathers handwritten or typed notes, drawings, screen clippings and audio commentaries. Notes can be shared with other OneNote users over the Internet or a network. OneNote was initially introduced as a standalone app that was not included in any Microsoft Office 2003 edition. However, OneNote eventually became a core component of Microsoft Office; with the release of Microsoft Office 2013, OneNote was included in all Microsoft Office offerings. OneNote is also available as a web app on Office on the web, a freemium (and later freeware) Windows desktop app, a mobile app for Windows Phone, iOS, Android, and Symbian, and a Metro-style app for Windows 8 or later.Microsoft Office_item_0_3
  • Microsoft Outlook (not to be confused with Outlook Express, or Outlook on the web): a personal information manager that replaces Windows Messaging, Microsoft Mail, and Schedule+ starting in Office 97; it includes an e-mail client, calendar, task manager and address book. On the Mac OS, Microsoft offered several versions of Outlook in the late 1990s, but only for use with Microsoft Exchange Server. In Office 2001, it introduced an alternative application with a slightly different feature set called Microsoft Entourage. It reintroduced Outlook in Office 2011, replacing Entourage.Microsoft Office_item_0_4
  • Microsoft OneDrive: A file hosting service that allows users to sync files and later access them from a web browser or mobile device.Microsoft Office_item_0_5
  • Skype for Business: an integrated communications client for conferences and meetings in real-time, it is the only Microsoft Office desktop app that is neither useful without a proper network infrastructure nor has the "Microsoft" prefix in its name.Microsoft Office_item_0_6
  • Microsoft Teams: a platform that combines workplace chat, meetings, notes, and attachments. Microsoft announced that Teams would eventually replace Skype for Business.Microsoft Office_item_0_7

Windows-only apps Microsoft Office_section_2

Microsoft Office_unordered_list_1

Mobile-only apps Microsoft Office_section_3

Microsoft Office_unordered_list_2

  • Office: A unified Office mobile app for Android and iOS, which combines Word, Excel, and PowerPoint into a single app and introduces new capabilities as making quick notes, signing PDFs, scanning QR codes, and transferring files.Microsoft Office_item_2_12
  • Office Lens: An image scanner optimized for mobile devices. It captures the document (e.g. business card, paper, whiteboard) via the camera and then straightens the document portion of the image. The result can be exported to Word, OneNote, PowerPoint or Outlook, or saved in OneDrive, sent via Mail or placed in Photo Library.Microsoft Office_item_2_13
  • Office Remote: Turns the mobile device into a remote control for desktop versions of Word, Excel and PowerPoint.Microsoft Office_item_2_14

Server applications Microsoft Office_section_4

Microsoft Office_unordered_list_3

Web services Microsoft Office_section_5

Microsoft Office_unordered_list_4

Office on the web Microsoft Office_section_6

Microsoft Office_table_infobox_3

Office on the webMicrosoft Office_table_caption_3
Type of siteMicrosoft Office_header_cell_3_0_0 Microsoft Office_cell_3_0_1
OwnerMicrosoft Office_header_cell_3_1_0 MicrosoftMicrosoft Office_cell_3_1_1
Created byMicrosoft Office_header_cell_3_2_0 MicrosoftMicrosoft Office_cell_3_2_1
URLMicrosoft Office_header_cell_3_3_0 Microsoft Office_cell_3_3_1
CommercialMicrosoft Office_header_cell_3_4_0 FreemiumMicrosoft Office_cell_3_4_1
RegistrationMicrosoft Office_header_cell_3_5_0 Mandatory for webmail and file sharing; optional for othersMicrosoft Office_cell_3_5_1
LaunchedMicrosoft Office_header_cell_3_6_0 June 7, 2010; 10 years ago (2010-06-07)Microsoft Office_cell_3_6_1

Office on the web is a free lightweight web version of Microsoft Office and primarily includes three web applications: Word, Excel and Powerpoint. Microsoft Office_sentence_14

The offering also includes, OneNote and OneDrive which are accessible through a unified app switcher. Microsoft Office_sentence_15

Users can install the on-premises version of this service, called Office Online Server, in private clouds in conjunction with SharePoint, Microsoft Exchange Server and Microsoft Lync Server. Microsoft Office_sentence_16

Word, Excel, and PowerPoint on the web can all natively open, edit, and save Office Open XML files (docx, xlsx, pptx) as well as OpenDocument files (odt, ods, odp). Microsoft Office_sentence_17

They can also open the older Office file formats (doc, xls, ppt), but will be converted to the newer Open XML formats if the user wishes to edit them online. Microsoft Office_sentence_18

Other formats cannot be opened in the browser apps, such as CSV in Excel or HTML in Word, nor can Office files that are encrypted with a password be opened. Microsoft Office_sentence_19

Files with macros can be opened in the browser apps, but the macros cannot be accessed or executed. Microsoft Office_sentence_20

Starting on July 2013, Word can render PDF documents or convert them to Microsoft Word documents, although the formatting of the document may deviate from the original. Microsoft Office_sentence_21

Since November 2013, the apps have supported real-time co-authoring and autosaving files. Microsoft Office_sentence_22

Office on the web lacks a number of the advanced features present in the full desktop versions of Office, including lacking the programs Access and Publisher entirely. Microsoft Office_sentence_23

However, users are able to select the command "Open in Desktop App" that brings up the document in the desktop version of Office on their computer or device to utilize the advanced features there. Microsoft Office_sentence_24

Supported web browsers include Microsoft Edge, Internet Explorer 11, the latest versions of Firefox or Google Chrome, as well as Safari for OS X 10.8 or later. Microsoft Office_sentence_25

The Personal edition of Office on the web is available to the general public free of charge with a Microsoft account through the website, which superseded SkyDrive (now OneDrive) and Office Live Workspace. Microsoft Office_sentence_26

Enterprise-managed versions are available through Office 365. Microsoft Office_sentence_27

In February 2013, the ability to view and edit files on SkyDrive without signing in was added. Microsoft Office_sentence_28

The service can also be installed privately in enterprise environments as a SharePoint app, or through Office Web Apps Server. Microsoft Office_sentence_29

Microsoft also offers other web apps in the Office suite, such as the Outlook Web App (formerly Outlook Web Access), Lync Web App (formerly Office Communicator Web Access), Project Web App (formerly Project Web Access). Microsoft Office_sentence_30

Additionally, Microsoft offers a service under the name of Online Doc Viewer to view Office documents on a website via Office on the web. Microsoft Office_sentence_31

There are free extensions available to use Office on the web directly in Google Chrome and Microsoft Edge. Microsoft Office_sentence_32

Common features Microsoft Office_section_7

Most versions of Microsoft Office (including Office 97 and later) use their own widget set and do not exactly match the native operating system. Microsoft Office_sentence_33

This is most apparent in Microsoft Office XP and 2003, where the standard menus were replaced with a colored, flat-looking, shadowed menu style. Microsoft Office_sentence_34

The user interface of a particular version of Microsoft Office often heavily influences a subsequent version of Microsoft Windows. Microsoft Office_sentence_35

For example, the toolbar, colored buttons and the gray-colored 3D look of Office 4.3 were added to Windows 95, and the ribbon, introduced in Office 2007, has been incorporated into several programs bundled with Windows 7 and later. Microsoft Office_sentence_36

In 2012, Office 2013 replicated the flat, box-like design of Windows 8. Microsoft Office_sentence_37

Users of Microsoft Office may access external data via connection-specifications saved in Office Data Connection (.odc) files. Microsoft Office_sentence_38

Both Windows and Office use service packs to update software. Microsoft Office_sentence_39

Office had non-cumulative service releases, which were discontinued after Office 2000 Service Release 1. Microsoft Office_sentence_40

Past versions of Office often contained Easter eggs. Microsoft Office_sentence_41

For example, Excel 97 contained a reasonably functional flight-simulator. Microsoft Office_sentence_42

File formats and metadata Microsoft Office_section_8

Microsoft Office prior to Office 2007 used proprietary file formats based on the OLE . Microsoft Office_sentence_43

This forced users who share data to adopt the same software platform. Microsoft Office_sentence_44

In 2008, Microsoft made the entire documentation for the binary Office formats freely available for download and granted any possible patents rights for use or implementations of those binary format for free under the Open Specification Promise. Microsoft Office_sentence_45

Previously, Microsoft had supplied such documentation freely but only on request. Microsoft Office_sentence_46

Starting with Office 2007, the default file format has been a version of Office Open XML, though different than the one standardized and published by Ecma International and by ISO/IEC. Microsoft Office_sentence_47

Microsoft has granted patent rights to the formats technology under the Open Specification Promise and has made available free downloadable converters for previous versions of Microsoft Office including Office 2003, Office XP, Office 2000 and Office 2004 for Mac OS X. Microsoft Office_sentence_48

Third-party implementations of Office Open XML exist on the Windows platform (LibreOffice, all platforms), macOS platform (iWork '08, NeoOffice, LibreOffice) and Linux (LibreOffice and 3.0). Microsoft Office_sentence_49

In addition, Office 2010, Service Pack 2 for Office 2007, and Office 2016 for Mac supports the OpenDocument Format (ODF) for opening and saving documents – only the old ODF 1.0 (2006 ISO/IEC standard) is supported, not the 1.2 version (2015 ISO/IEC standard). Microsoft Office_sentence_50

Microsoft provides the ability to remove metadata from Office documents. Microsoft Office_sentence_51

This was in response to highly publicized incidents where sensitive data about a document was leaked via its metadata. Microsoft Office_sentence_52

Metadata removal was first available in 2004, when Microsoft released a tool called Remove Hidden Data Add-in for Office 2003/XP for this purpose. Microsoft Office_sentence_53

It was directly integrated into Office 2007 in a feature called the Document Inspector. Microsoft Office_sentence_54

Extensibility Microsoft Office_section_9

A major feature of the Office suite is the ability for users and third party companies to write add-ins (plug-ins) that extend the capabilities of an application by adding custom commands and specialized features. Microsoft Office_sentence_55

One of the new features is the Office Store. Microsoft Office_sentence_56

Plugins and other tools can be downloaded by users. Microsoft Office_sentence_57

Developers can make money by selling their applications in the Office Store. Microsoft Office_sentence_58

The revenue is divided between the developer and Microsoft where the developer gets 80% of the money. Microsoft Office_sentence_59

Developers are able to share applications with all Office users. Microsoft Office_sentence_60

The app travels with the document, and it is for the developer to decide what the recipient will see when they open it. Microsoft Office_sentence_61

The recipient will either have the option to download the app from the Office Store for free, start a free trial or be directed to payment. Microsoft Office_sentence_62

With Office's cloud abilities, IT department can create a set of apps for their business employees in order to increase their productivity. Microsoft Office_sentence_63

When employees go to the Office Store, they'll see their company's apps under My Organization. Microsoft Office_sentence_64

The apps that employees have personally downloaded will appear under My Apps. Microsoft Office_sentence_65

Developers can use web technologies like HTML5, XML, CSS3, JavaScript, and APIs for building the apps. Microsoft Office_sentence_66

An application for Office is a webpage that is hosted inside an Office client application. Microsoft Office_sentence_67

User can use apps to amplify the functionality of a document, email message, meeting request, or appointment. Microsoft Office_sentence_68

Apps can run in multiple environments and by multiple clients, including rich Office desktop clients, Office Web Apps, mobile browsers, and also on-premises and in the cloud. Microsoft Office_sentence_69

The type of add-ins supported differ by Office versions: Microsoft Office_sentence_70

Microsoft Office_unordered_list_5

  • Office 97 onwards (standard Windows DLLs i.e. Word WLLs and Excel XLLs)Microsoft Office_item_5_31
  • Office 2000 onwards (COM add-ins)Microsoft Office_item_5_32
  • Office XP onwards (COM/OLE Automation add-ins)Microsoft Office_item_5_33
  • Office 2003 onwards (Managed code add-ins – VSTO solutions)Microsoft Office_item_5_34

Password protection Microsoft Office_section_10

Main article: Microsoft Office password protection Microsoft Office_sentence_71

Microsoft Office has a security feature that allows users to encrypt Office (Word, Excel, PowerPoint, Access, Skype Business) documents with a user-provided password. Microsoft Office_sentence_72

The password can contain up to 255 characters and uses AES 128-bit advanced encryption by default. Microsoft Office_sentence_73

Passwords can also be used to restrict modification of the entire document, worksheet or presentation. Microsoft Office_sentence_74

Due to lack of document encryption, though, these passwords can be removed using a third-party cracking software. Microsoft Office_sentence_75

Support policies Microsoft Office_section_11

Approach Microsoft Office_section_12

All versions of Microsoft Office products before Microsoft Office 2019 are eligible for ten years of support following their release, during which Microsoft releases security updates for the product version and provides paid technical support. Microsoft Office_sentence_76

The ten-year period is divided into two five-year phases: The mainstream phase and the extended phase. Microsoft Office_sentence_77

During the mainstream phase, Microsoft may provide limited complimentary technical support and release non-security updates or change the design of the product. Microsoft Office_sentence_78

During the extended phase, said services stop. Microsoft Office_sentence_79

Office 2019 only receives 5 years of mainstream and 2 years of extended support. Microsoft Office_sentence_80

Timelines of support Microsoft Office_section_13

Platforms Microsoft Office_section_14

Microsoft supports Office for the Windows and macOS platforms, as well as mobile versions for Windows Phone, Android and iOS platforms. Microsoft Office_sentence_81

Beginning with Mac Office 4.2, the macOS and Windows versions of Office share the same file format, and are interoperable. Microsoft Office_sentence_82

Visual Basic for Applications support was dropped in Microsoft Office 2008 for Mac, then reintroduced in Office for Mac 2011. Microsoft Office_sentence_83

Microsoft tried in the mid-1990s to port Office to RISC processors such as NEC/MIPS and IBM/PowerPC, but they met problems such as memory access being hampered by data structure alignment requirements. Microsoft Office_sentence_84

Microsoft Word 97 and Excel 97, however, did ship for the DEC Alpha platform. Microsoft Office_sentence_85

Difficulties in porting Office may have been a factor in discontinuing Windows NT on non-Intel platforms. Microsoft Office_sentence_86

Pricing model and editions Microsoft Office_section_15

The Microsoft Office applications and suites are sold via retail channels, and volume licensing for larger organizations (also including the "Home Use Program". Microsoft Office_sentence_87

allowing users at participating organizations to buy low-cost licenses for use on their personal devices as part of their employer's volume license agreement). Microsoft Office_sentence_88

In 2010, Microsoft introduced a software as a service platform known as Office 365, to provide cloud-hosted versions of Office's server software, including Exchange e-mail and SharePoint, on a subscription basis (competing in particular with Google Apps). Microsoft Office_sentence_89

Following the release of Office 2013, Microsoft began to offer Office 365 plans for the consumer market, with access to Microsoft Office software on multiple devices with free feature updates over the life of the subscription, as well as other services such as OneDrive storage. Microsoft Office_sentence_90

Microsoft has since promoted Office 365 as the primary means of purchasing Microsoft Office. Microsoft Office_sentence_91

Although there are still "on-premises" releases roughly every three years, Microsoft marketing emphasizes that they do not receive new features or access to new cloud-based services as they are released unlike Office 365, as well as other benefits for consumer and business markets. Microsoft Office_sentence_92

Office 365 revenue overtook traditional license sales for Office in 2017. Microsoft Office_sentence_93

Retail editions Microsoft Office_section_16

Microsoft Office is available in several editions, which regroup a given number of applications for a specific price. Microsoft Office_sentence_94

Current retail editions are grouped by category: Microsoft Office_sentence_95

Microsoft Office_unordered_list_6

  • Home: Home, Personal, Home & Student.Microsoft Office_item_6_35
  • Business: Business, Business Premium, Business Essentials.Microsoft Office_item_6_36
  • Enterprise: ProPlus, E1, E3, E5Microsoft Office_item_6_37
  • EducationMicrosoft Office_item_6_38

Education pricing Microsoft Office_section_17

Post-secondary students may obtain the University edition of Microsoft Office 365 subscription. Microsoft Office_sentence_96

It is limited to one user and two devices, plus the subscription price is valid for four years instead of just one. Microsoft Office_sentence_97

Apart from this, the University edition is identical in features to the Home Premium version. Microsoft Office_sentence_98

This marks the first time Microsoft does not offer physical or permanent software at academic pricing, in contrast to the University versions of Office 2010 and Office 2011. Microsoft Office_sentence_99

In addition, students eligible for DreamSpark program may receive select standalone Microsoft Office apps free of charge. Microsoft Office_sentence_100

Discontinued applications and features Microsoft Office_section_18

Microsoft Office_unordered_list_7

  • Microsoft Binder: Incorporates several documents into one file and was originally designed as a container system for storing related documents in a single file. The complexity of use and learning curve led to little usage, and it was discontinued after Office XP.Microsoft Office_item_7_39
  • Microsoft FrontPage: a WYSIWYG HTML editor and website administration tool for Windows. It was branded as part of the Microsoft Office suite from 1997 to 2003. FrontPage was discontinued in December 2006 and replaced by Microsoft SharePoint Designer and Microsoft Expression Web.Microsoft Office_item_7_40
  • Microsoft InfoPath: Windows application for designing and distributing rich XML-based forms. The last version was included in Office 2013.Microsoft Office_item_7_41
  • Microsoft Mail: Mail client (in old versions of Office, later replaced by Microsoft Schedule Plus and subsequently Microsoft Outlook).Microsoft Office_item_7_42
  • Microsoft Office AccountingMicrosoft Office_item_7_43
  • Microsoft Office Document Image Writer: a virtual printer that takes documents from Microsoft Office or any other application and prints them, or stores them in an image file as TIFF or Microsoft Document Imaging Format format. It was discontinued with Office 2010.Microsoft Office_item_7_44
  • Microsoft Office Document Imaging: an application that supports editing scanned documents. Discontinued Office 2010.Microsoft Office_item_7_45
  • Microsoft Office Document Scanning: a scanning and OCR application. Discontinued Office 2010.Microsoft Office_item_7_46
  • Microsoft PhotoDraw 2000: A graphics program that was first released as part of the Office 2000 Premium Edition. A later version for Windows XP compatibility was released, known as PhotoDraw 2000 Version 2. Microsoft discontinued the program in 2001.Microsoft Office_item_7_47
  • Microsoft Photo Editor: Photo-editing/raster-graphics software in older Office versions up to Office XP. It was supplemented by Microsoft PhotoDraw in Office 2000 Premium edition.Microsoft Office_item_7_48
  • Microsoft Schedule Plus: Released with Office 95. It featured a planner, to-do list, and contact information. Its functions were incorporated into Microsoft Outlook.Microsoft Office_item_7_49
  • Microsoft Virtual PC: Included with Microsoft Office Professional Edition 2004 for Mac. Microsoft discontinued support for Virtual PC on the Mac in 2006 owing to new Macs possessing the same Intel architecture as Windows PCs. It emulated a standard PC and its hardware.Microsoft Office_item_7_50
  • Microsoft Vizact 2000: A program that "activated" documents using HTML, adding effects such as animation. It allows users to create dynamic documents for the Web. The development has ended due to unpopularity.Microsoft Office_item_7_51
  • Microsoft Data Analyzer 2002: A business intelligence program for graphical visualization of data and its analysis.Microsoft Office_item_7_52
  • Office Assistant, included since Office 97 (Windows) and Office 98 (Mac) as a part of Microsoft Agent technology, is a system that uses animated characters to offer context-sensitive suggestions to users and access to the help system. The Assistant is often dubbed "Clippy" or "Clippit", due to its default to a paper clip character, coded as CLIPPIT.ACS. The latest versions that include the Office Assistant were Office 2003 (Windows) and Office 2004 (Mac).Microsoft Office_item_7_53
  • Microsoft SharePoint Workspace (formerly known as Microsoft Office Groove): a proprietary peer-to-peer document collaboration software designed for teams with members who are regularly offline or who do not share the same network security clearance.Microsoft Office_item_7_54
  • Microsoft SharePoint Designer: Initially a WYSIWYG HTML editor and website administration tool, Microsoft attempted to turn it into a specialized HTML editor for SharePoint sites, failed and discontinued it.Microsoft Office_item_7_55
  • Microsoft Office InterConnect: business-relationship database available only in JapanMicrosoft Office_item_7_56
  • Microsoft Office Picture Manager: basic photo management software (similar to Google's Picasa or Adobe's Photoshop Elements), replaced Microsoft Photo EditorMicrosoft Office_item_7_57
  • Microsoft Entourage: An Outlook counterpart on macOS, Microsoft discontinued it in favor of extending the Outlook brand name.Microsoft Office_item_7_58

Discontinued server applications Microsoft Office_section_19

Microsoft Office_unordered_list_8

Discontinued web services Microsoft Office_section_20

Microsoft Office_unordered_list_9

  • Office LiveMicrosoft Office_item_9_63
    • Office Live Small Business: Web hosting services and online collaboration tools for small businessesMicrosoft Office_item_9_64
    • Office Live Workspace: Online storage and collaboration service for documents, superseded by Office on the webMicrosoft Office_item_9_65
  • Office Live Meeting: Web conferencing serviceMicrosoft Office_item_9_66

Criticism Microsoft Office_section_21

Data formats Microsoft Office_section_22

Microsoft Office has been criticized in the past for using proprietary file formats rather than open standards, which forces users who share data into adopting the same software platform. Microsoft Office_sentence_101

However, on February 15, 2008, Microsoft made the entire documentation for the binary Office formats freely available under the Open Specification Promise. Microsoft Office_sentence_102

Also, Office Open XML, the document format for the latest versions of Office for Windows and Mac, has been standardized under both Ecma International and ISO. Microsoft Office_sentence_103

Ecma International has published the Office Open XML specification free of copyrights and Microsoft has granted patent rights to the formats technology under the Open Specification Promise and has made available free downloadable converters for previous versions of Microsoft Office including Office 2003, Office XP, Office 2000 and Office 2004 for the Mac. Microsoft Office_sentence_104

Third-party implementations of Office Open XML exist on the Mac platform (iWork 08) and Linux ( 2.3 – Novell Edition only). Microsoft Office_sentence_105

Unicode and bi-directional texts Microsoft Office_section_23

Another point of criticism Microsoft Office has faced was the lack of support in its Mac versions for Unicode and Bi-directional text languages, notably Arabic and Hebrew. Microsoft Office_sentence_106

This issue, which had existed since the first release in 1989, was addressed in the 2016 version. Microsoft Office_sentence_107

Privacy Microsoft Office_section_24

On November 13, 2018, a report initiated by the Government of the Netherlands concluded that Microsoft Office 2016 and Office 365 do not comply with GDPR, the European law which regulates data protection and privacy for all citizens in and outside the EU and EFTA region. Microsoft Office_sentence_108

The investigation was initiated by the observation that Microsoft does not reveal or share publicly any data collected about users of its software. Microsoft Office_sentence_109

In addition, the company does not provide users of its (Office) software an option to turn off diagnostic and telemetry data sent back to the company. Microsoft Office_sentence_110

Researchers found that most of the data that the Microsoft software collects and "sends home" is diagnostics. Microsoft Office_sentence_111

Researchers also observed that Microsoft "seemingly tried to make the system GDPR compliant by storing Office documents on servers based in the EU". Microsoft Office_sentence_112

However, they discovered the software packages collected additional data that contained private user information, some of which was stored on servers located in the US. Microsoft Office_sentence_113

The Netherlands Ministry of Justice hired Privacy Company to probe and evaluate the use of Microsoft Office products in the public sector. Microsoft Office_sentence_114

"Microsoft systematically collects data on a large scale about the individual use of Word, Excel, PowerPoint, and Outlook. Microsoft Office_sentence_115

Covertly, without informing people," researchers of the Privacy Company stated in their blog post. Microsoft Office_sentence_116

"Microsoft does not offer any choice with regard to the amount of data, or possibility to switch off the collection, or ability to see what data are collected, because the data stream is encoded." Microsoft Office_sentence_117

The researchers commented that there is no need for Microsoft to store information such as IPs and email addresses, which are collected automatically by the software. Microsoft Office_sentence_118

"Microsoft should not store these transient, functional data, unless the retention is strictly necessary, for example, for security purposes," the researchers conclude in the final report by the Netherlands Ministry of Justice. Microsoft Office_sentence_119

As a result of this in-depth study and its conclusions, the Netherlands regulatory body concluded that Microsoft has violated GDPR "on many counts" including "lack of transparency and purpose limitation, and the lack of a legal ground for the processing." Microsoft Office_sentence_120

Microsoft has provided the Dutch authorities with an "improvement plan" that should satisfy Dutch regulators that it "would end all violations." Microsoft Office_sentence_121

The Dutch regulatory body is monitoring the situation and states that "If progress is deemed insufficient or if the improvements offered are unsatisfactory, SLM Microsoft Rijk will reconsider its position and may ask the Data Protection Authority to carry out a prior consultation and to impose enforcement measures." Microsoft Office_sentence_122

When asked for a response by an IT professional publication, a Microsoft spokesperson stated: We are committed to our customers’ privacy, putting them in control of their data and ensuring that Office ProPlus and other Microsoft products and services comply with GDPR and other applicable laws. Microsoft Office_sentence_123

We appreciate the opportunity to discuss our diagnostic data handling practices in Office ProPlus with the Dutch Ministry of Justice and look forward to a successful resolution of any concerns." Microsoft Office_sentence_124

The user privacy data issue affects ProPlus subscriptions of Microsoft Office 2016 and Microsoft Office 365, including the online version of Microsoft Office 365. Microsoft Office_sentence_125

History of releases Microsoft Office_section_25

Version history Microsoft Office_section_26

Main article: History of Microsoft Office Microsoft Office_sentence_126

Windows versions Microsoft Office_section_27

Microsoft Office for Windows Microsoft Office_section_28

Microsoft Office for Windows started in October 1990 as a bundle of three applications designed for Microsoft Windows 3.0: Microsoft Word for Windows 1.1, Microsoft Excel for Windows 2.0, and Microsoft PowerPoint for Windows 2.0. Microsoft Office_sentence_127

Microsoft Office for Windows 1.5 updated the suite with Microsoft Excel 3.0. Microsoft Office_sentence_128

Version 1.6 added Microsoft Mail for PC Networks 2.1 to the bundle. Microsoft Office_sentence_129

Microsoft Office 3.0 Microsoft Office_section_29

Microsoft Office 3.0, also called Microsoft Office 92, was released on August 30, 1992 and contained Word 2.0, Excel 4.0, PowerPoint 3.0 and Mail 3.0. Microsoft Office_sentence_130

It was the first version of Office also released on CD-ROM. Microsoft Office_sentence_131

In 1993, Microsoft Office Professional was released, which added Microsoft Access 1.1. Microsoft Office_sentence_132

Microsoft Office 4.x Microsoft Office_section_30

Microsoft Office 4.0 was released containing Word 6.0, Excel 4.0a, PowerPoint 3.0 and Mail in 1993. Microsoft Office_sentence_133

Word's version number jumped from 2.0 to 6.0 so that it would have the same version number as the MS-DOS and Macintosh versions (Excel and PowerPoint were already numbered the same as the Macintosh versions). Microsoft Office_sentence_134

Microsoft Office 4.2 for Windows NT was released in 1994 for i386, Alpha, MIPS and PowerPC architectures, containing Word 6.0 and Excel 5.0 (both 32-bit, PowerPoint 4.0 (16-bit), and Microsoft Office Manager 4.2 (the precursor to the Office Shortcut Bar)). Microsoft Office_sentence_135

Microsoft Office 95 and 97 Microsoft Office_section_31

Microsoft Office 95 was released on August 24, 1995. Microsoft Office_sentence_136

Software version numbers were altered again to create parity across the suite – every program was called version 7.0 meaning all but Word missed out versions. Microsoft Office_sentence_137

Office for Windows 95 was designed as a fully 32-bit version to match Windows 95 although some apps not bundled as part of the suite at that time - Publisher for Windows 95 and Project 95 had some 16-bit components even though their main program executable was 32-bit. Microsoft Office_sentence_138

Office 95 was available in two versions, Office 95 Standard and Office 95 Professional. Microsoft Office_sentence_139

The standard version consisted of Word 7.0, Excel 7.0, PowerPoint 7.0, and Schedule+ 7.0. Microsoft Office_sentence_140

The professional edition contained all of the items in the standard version plus Microsoft Access 7.0. Microsoft Office_sentence_141

If the professional version was purchased in CD-ROM form, it also included Bookshelf. Microsoft Office_sentence_142

The logo used in Office 95 returns in Office 97, 2000 and XP. Microsoft Office_sentence_143

Microsoft Office 98 Macintosh Edition also uses a similar logo. Microsoft Office_sentence_144

Microsoft Office 97 (Office 8.0) included hundreds of new features and improvements, such as introducing command bars, a paradigm in which menus and toolbars were made more similar in capability and visual design. Microsoft Office_sentence_145

Office 97 also featured Natural Language Systems and grammar checking. Microsoft Office_sentence_146

Office 97 was the first version of Office to include the Office Assistant. Microsoft Office_sentence_147

In Brazil, it was also the first version to introduce the Registration Wizard, a precursor to Microsoft Product Activation. Microsoft Office_sentence_148

With this release, the accompanying apps, Project 98 and Publisher 98 also transitioned to fully 32-bit versions. Microsoft Office_sentence_149

Microsoft Office 2000 to 2003 Microsoft Office_section_32

Microsoft Office 2000 (Office 9.0) introduced adaptive menus, where little-used options were hidden from the user. Microsoft Office_sentence_150

It also introduced a new security feature, built around digital signatures, to diminish the threat of macro viruses. Microsoft Office_sentence_151

Office 2000 automatically trusts macros (written in VBA 6) that were digitally signed from authors who have been previously designated as trusted. Microsoft Office_sentence_152

The Registration Wizard, a precursor to Microsoft Product Activation, remained in Brazil and was also extended to Australia and New Zealand, though not for volume-licensed editions. Microsoft Office_sentence_153

Academic software in the United States and Canada also featured the Registration Wizard. Microsoft Office_sentence_154

Microsoft Office XP (Office 10.0 or Office 2002) was released in conjunction with Windows XP, and was a major upgrade with numerous enhancements and changes over Office 2000. Microsoft Office_sentence_155

Office XP introduced the Safe Mode feature, which allows applications such as Outlook to boot when it might otherwise fail by bypassing a corrupted registry or a faulty add-in. Microsoft Office_sentence_156

Smart tag is a technology introduced with Office XP in Word and Excel and discontinued in Office 2010. Microsoft Office_sentence_157

Office XP includes integrated voice command and text dictation capabilities, as well as handwriting recognition. Microsoft Office_sentence_158

It was the first version to require Microsoft Product Activation worldwide and in all editions as an anti-piracy measure, which attracted widespread controversy. Microsoft Office_sentence_159

Product Activation remained absent from Office for Mac releases until it was introduced in Office 2011 for Mac. Microsoft Office_sentence_160

Microsoft Office 2003 (Office 11.0) was released in 2003. Microsoft Office_sentence_161

It featured a new logo. Microsoft Office_sentence_162

Two new applications made their debut in Office 2003: Microsoft InfoPath and OneNote. Microsoft Office_sentence_163

It is the first version to use new, more colorful icons. Microsoft Office_sentence_164

Outlook 2003 provides improved functionality in many areas, including Kerberos authentication, RPC over HTTP, Cached Exchange Mode, and an improved junk mail filter. Microsoft Office_sentence_165

Microsoft Office 2007 Microsoft Office_section_33

Microsoft Office 2007 (Office 12.0) was released in 2007. Microsoft Office_sentence_166

Office 2007's new features include a new graphical user interface called the Fluent User Interface, replacing the menus and toolbars that have been the cornerstone of Office since its inception with a tabbed toolbar, known as the Ribbon; new XML-based file formats called Office Open XML; and the inclusion of Groove, a collaborative software application. Microsoft Office_sentence_167

Microsoft Office 2010 Microsoft Office_section_34

Microsoft Office 2010 (Office 14.0, because Microsoft skipped 13.0) was finalized on April 15, 2010 and made available to consumers on June 15, 2010. Microsoft Office_sentence_168

The main features of Office 2010 include the backstage file menu, new collaboration tools, a customizable ribbon, protected view and a navigation panel. Microsoft Office_sentence_169

This is the first version to ship in 32-bit and 64-bit variants. Microsoft Office_sentence_170

Microsoft Office 2010 featured a new logo, which resembled the 2007 logo, except in gold, and with a modification in shape. Microsoft Office_sentence_171

Microsoft released Service Pack 1 for Office 2010 on June 28, 2011 and Service Pack 2 on July 16, 2013. Microsoft Office_sentence_172

Microsoft Office 2013 Microsoft Office_section_35

A technical preview of Microsoft Office 2013 (Build 15.0.3612.1010) was released on January 30, 2012, and a Customer Preview version was made available to consumers on July 16, 2012. Microsoft Office_sentence_173

It sports a revamped application interface; the interface is based on Metro, the interface of Windows Phone and Windows 8. Microsoft Office_sentence_174

Microsoft Outlook has received the most pronounced changes so far; for example, the Metro interface provides a new visualization for scheduled tasks. Microsoft Office_sentence_175

PowerPoint includes more templates and transition effects, and OneNote includes a new splash screen. Microsoft Office_sentence_176

On May 16, 2011, new images of Office 15 were revealed, showing Excel with a tool for filtering data in a timeline, the ability to convert Roman numerals to Arabic numerals, and the integration of advanced trigonometric functions. Microsoft Office_sentence_177

In Word, the capability of inserting video and audio online as well as the broadcasting of documents on the Web were implemented. Microsoft Office_sentence_178

Microsoft has promised support for Office Open XML Strict starting with version 15, a format Microsoft has submitted to the ISO for interoperability with other office suites, and to aid adoption in the public sector. Microsoft Office_sentence_179

This version can read and write ODF 1.2 (Windows only). Microsoft Office_sentence_180

On October 24, 2012, Office 2013 Professional Plus was released to manufacturing and was made available to TechNet and MSDN subscribers for download. Microsoft Office_sentence_181

On November 15, 2012, the 60-day trial version was released for public download. Microsoft Office_sentence_182

Office 2013 was released to general availability on January 29, 2013. Microsoft Office_sentence_183

Service Pack 1 for Office 2013 was released on February 25, 2014. Microsoft Office_sentence_184

Microsoft Office 2016 Microsoft Office_section_36

Main article: Microsoft Office 2016 Microsoft Office_sentence_185

On January 22, 2015, the Microsoft Office blog announced that the next version of the suite for Windows desktop, Office 2016, was in development. Microsoft Office_sentence_186

On May 4, 2015, a public preview of Microsoft Office 2016 was released. Microsoft Office_sentence_187

Office 2016 was released for Mac OS X on July 9, 2015 and for Windows on September 22, 2015. Microsoft Office_sentence_188

Microsoft Office 2019 Microsoft Office_section_37

Main article: Microsoft Office 2019 Microsoft Office_sentence_189

On September 26, 2017, Microsoft announced that the next version of the suite for Windows desktop, Office 2019, was in development. Microsoft Office_sentence_190

On April 27, 2018, Microsoft released Office 2019 Commercial Preview for Windows 10. Microsoft Office_sentence_191

It was released to general availability for Windows 10 and for macOS on September 24, 2018. Microsoft Office_sentence_192

Mac versions Microsoft Office_section_38

Prior to packaging its various office-type Mac OS software applications into Office, Microsoft released Mac versions of Word 1.0 in 1984, the first year of the Macintosh computer; Excel 1.0 in 1985; and PowerPoint 1.0 in 1987. Microsoft Office_sentence_193

Microsoft does not include its Access database application in Office for Mac. Microsoft Office_sentence_194

Microsoft has noted that some features are added to Office for Mac before they appear in Windows versions, such as Office for Mac 2001's Office Project Gallery and PowerPoint Movie feature, which allows users to save presentations as QuickTime movies. Microsoft Office_sentence_195

However, Microsoft Office for Mac has been long criticized for its lack of support of Unicode and for its lack of support for right-to-left languages, notably Arabic, Hebrew and Persian. Microsoft Office_sentence_196

Early Office for Mac releases (1989–1994) Microsoft Office_section_39

Microsoft Office for Mac was introduced for Mac OS in 1989, before Office was released for Windows. Microsoft Office_sentence_197

It included Word 4.0, Excel 2.2, PowerPoint 2.01, and Mail 1.37. Microsoft Office_sentence_198

It was originally a limited-time promotion but later became a regular product. Microsoft Office_sentence_199

With the release of Office on CD-ROM later that year, Microsoft became the first major Mac publisher to put its applications on CD-ROM. Microsoft Office_sentence_200

Microsoft Office 1.5 for Mac was released in 1991 and included the updated Excel 3.0, the first application to support Apple's System 7 operating system. Microsoft Office_sentence_201

Microsoft Office 3.0 for Mac was released in 1992 and included Word 5.0, Excel 4.0, PowerPoint 3.0 and Mail Client. Microsoft Office_sentence_202

Excel 4.0 was the first application to support new AppleScript. Microsoft Office_sentence_203

Microsoft Office 4.2 for Mac was released in 1994. Microsoft Office_sentence_204

(Version 4.0 was skipped to synchronize version numbers with Office for Windows) Version 4.2 included Word 6.0, Excel 5.0, PowerPoint 4.0 and Mail 3.2. Microsoft Office_sentence_205

It was the first Office suite for Power Macintosh. Microsoft Office_sentence_206

Its user interface was identical to Office 4.2 for Windows leading many customers to comment that it wasn't Mac-like enough. Microsoft Office_sentence_207

The final release for Mac 68K was Office 4.2.1, which updated Word to version 6.0.1, somewhat improving performance. Microsoft Office_sentence_208

Microsoft Office 98 Macintosh Edition Microsoft Office_section_40

Microsoft Office 98 Macintosh Edition was unveiled at MacWorld Expo/San Francisco in 1998. Microsoft Office_sentence_209

It introduced the Internet Explorer 4.0 web browser and Outlook Express, an Internet e-mail client and usenet newsgroup reader. Microsoft Office_sentence_210

Office 98 was re-engineered by Microsoft's Macintosh Business Unit to satisfy customers' desire for software they felt was more Mac-like. Microsoft Office_sentence_211

It included drag–and-drop installation, self-repairing applications and Quick Thesaurus, before such features were available in Office for Windows. Microsoft Office_sentence_212

It also was the first version to support QuickTime movies. Microsoft Office_sentence_213

Microsoft Office 2001 and v. X Microsoft Office_section_41

Microsoft Office 2001 was launched in 2000 as the last Office suite for the classic Mac OS. Microsoft Office_sentence_214

It required a PowerPC processor. Microsoft Office_sentence_215

This version introduced Entourage, an e-mail client that included information management tools such as a calendar, an address book, task lists and notes. Microsoft Office_sentence_216

Microsoft Office v. X was released in 2001 and was the first version of Microsoft Office for Mac OS X. Microsoft Office_sentence_217

Support for Office v. X ended on January 9, 2007 after the release of the final update, 10.1.9 Office v.X includes Word X, Excel X, PowerPoint X, Entourage X, MSN Messenger for Mac and Windows Media Player 9 for Mac; it was the last version of Office for Mac to include Internet Explorer for Mac. Microsoft Office_sentence_218

Office 2004 Microsoft Office_section_42

Microsoft Office 2004 for Mac was released on May 11, 2004. Microsoft Office_sentence_219

It includes Microsoft Word, Excel, PowerPoint, Entourage and Virtual PC. Microsoft Office_sentence_220

It is the final version of Office to be built exclusively for PowerPC and to officially support G3 processors, as its sequel lists a G4, G5 or Intel processor as a requirement. Microsoft Office_sentence_221

It was notable for supporting Visual Basic for Applications (VBA), which is unavailable in Office 2008. Microsoft Office_sentence_222

This led Microsoft to extend support for Office 2004 from October 13, 2009 to January 10, 2012. Microsoft Office_sentence_223

VBA functionality was reintroduced in Office 2011, which is only compatible with Intel processors. Microsoft Office_sentence_224

Office 2008 Microsoft Office_section_43

Microsoft Office 2008 for Mac was released on January 15, 2008. Microsoft Office_sentence_225

It was the only Office for Mac suite to be compiled as a universal binary, being the first to feature native Intel support and the last to feature PowerPC support for G4 and G5 processors, although the suite is unofficially compatible with G3 processors. Microsoft Office_sentence_226

New features include native Office Open XML file format support, which debuted in Office 2007 for Windows, and stronger Microsoft Office password protection employing AES-128 and SHA-1. Microsoft Office_sentence_227

Benchmarks suggested that compared to its predecessor, Office 2008 ran at similar speeds on Intel machines and slower speeds on PowerPC machines. Microsoft Office_sentence_228

Office 2008 also lacked Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) support, leaving it with only 15 months of additional mainstream support compared to its predecessor. Microsoft Office_sentence_229

Nevertheless, five months after it was released, Microsoft said that Office 2008 was "selling faster than any previous version of Office for Mac in the past 19 years" and affirmed "its commitment to future products for the Mac." Microsoft Office_sentence_230

Office 2011 Microsoft Office_section_44

Microsoft Office for Mac 2011 was released on October 26, 2010,. Microsoft Office_sentence_231

It is the first version of Office for Mac to be compiled exclusively for Intel processors, dropping support for the PowerPC architecture. Microsoft Office_sentence_232

It features an OS X version of Outlook to replace the Entourage email client. Microsoft Office_sentence_233

This version of Outlook is intended to make the OS X version of Office work better with Microsoft's Exchange server and with those using Office for Windows. Microsoft Office_sentence_234

Office 2011 includes a Mac-based Ribbon similar to Office for Windows. Microsoft Office_sentence_235

OneNote and Outlook release (2014) Microsoft Office_section_45

Microsoft OneNote for Mac was released on March 17, 2014. Microsoft Office_sentence_236

It marks the company's first release of the note-taking software on the Mac. Microsoft Office_sentence_237

It is available as a free download to all users of the Mac App Store in OS X Mavericks. Microsoft Office_sentence_238

Microsoft Outlook 2016 for Mac debuted on October 31, 2014. Microsoft Office_sentence_239

It requires a paid Office 365 subscription, meaning that traditional Office 2011 retail or volume licenses cannot activate this version of Outlook. Microsoft Office_sentence_240

On that day, Microsoft confirmed that it would release the next version of Office for Mac in late 2015. Microsoft Office_sentence_241

Despite dropping support for older versions of OS X and only keeping support for 64-bit-only versions of OS X, these versions of OneNote and Outlook are 32-bit applications like their predecessors. Microsoft Office_sentence_242

Office 2016 Microsoft Office_section_46

Main article: Microsoft Office 2016 Microsoft Office_sentence_243

The first Preview version of Microsoft Office 2016 for Mac was released on March 5, 2015. Microsoft Office_sentence_244

On July 9, 2015, Microsoft released the final version of Microsoft Office 2016 for Mac which includes Word, Excel, PowerPoint, Outlook and OneNote. Microsoft Office_sentence_245

It was immediately made available for Office 365 subscribers with either a Home, Personal, Business, Business Premium, E3 or ProPlus subscription. Microsoft Office_sentence_246

A non–Office 365 edition of Office 2016 was made available as a one-time purchase option on September 22, 2015. Microsoft Office_sentence_247

Mobile versions Microsoft Office_section_47

Office Mobile for iPhone was released on June 14, 2013 in the United States. Microsoft Office_sentence_248

Support for 135 markets and 27 languages was rolled out over a few days. Microsoft Office_sentence_249

It requires iOS 8 or later. Microsoft Office_sentence_250

Although the app also works on iPad devices, excluding the first generation, it is designed for a small screen. Microsoft Office_sentence_251

Office Mobile was released for Android phones on July 31, 2013 in the United States. Microsoft Office_sentence_252

Support for 117 markets and 33 languages was added gradually over several weeks. Microsoft Office_sentence_253

It is supported on Android 4.0 and later. Microsoft Office_sentence_254

Office Mobile is or was also available, though no longer supported, on Windows Mobile, Windows Phone and Symbian. Microsoft Office_sentence_255

There was also Office RT, a touch-optimized version of the standard desktop Office suite, pre-installed on Windows RT. Microsoft Office_sentence_256

Early Office Mobile releases Microsoft Office_section_48

Originally called Office Mobile which was shipped initially as "Pocket Office", was released by Microsoft with the Windows CE 1.0 operating system in 1996. Microsoft Office_sentence_257

This release was specifically for the Handheld PC hardware platform, as Windows Mobile Smartphone and Pocket PC hardware specifications had not yet been released. Microsoft Office_sentence_258

It consisted of Pocket Word and Pocket Excel; PowerPoint, Access, and Outlook were added later. Microsoft Office_sentence_259

With steady updates throughout subsequent releases of Windows Mobile, Office Mobile was rebranded as its current name after the release of the Windows Mobile 5.0 operating system. Microsoft Office_sentence_260

This release of Office Mobile also included PowerPoint Mobile for the first time. Microsoft Office_sentence_261

Accompanying the release of Microsoft OneNote 2007, a new optional addition to the Office Mobile line of programs was released as OneNote Mobile. Microsoft Office_sentence_262

With the release of Windows Mobile 6 Standard, Office Mobile became available for the Smartphone hardware platform, but unlike Office Mobile for the Professional and Classic versions of Windows Mobile, creation of new documents is not an added feature. Microsoft Office_sentence_263

A popular workaround is to create a new blank document in a desktop version of Office, synchronize it to the device, and then edit and save on the Windows Mobile device. Microsoft Office_sentence_264

In June 2007, Microsoft announced a new version of the office suite, Office Mobile 2007. Microsoft Office_sentence_265

It became available as "Office Mobile 6.1" on September 26, 2007 as a free upgrade download to current Windows Mobile 5.0 and 6 users. Microsoft Office_sentence_266

However, "Office Mobile 6.1 Upgrade" is not compatible with Windows Mobile 5.0 powered devices running builds earlier than 14847. Microsoft Office_sentence_267

It is a pre-installed feature in subsequent releases of Windows Mobile 6 devices. Microsoft Office_sentence_268

Office Mobile 6.1 is compatible with the Office Open XML specification like its desktop counterpart. Microsoft Office_sentence_269

On August 12, 2009, it was announced that Office Mobile would also be released for the Symbian platform as a joint agreement between Microsoft and Nokia. Microsoft Office_sentence_270

It was the first time Microsoft would develop Office mobile applications for another smartphone platform. Microsoft Office_sentence_271

The first application to appear on Nokia Eseries smartphones was Microsoft Office Communicator. Microsoft Office_sentence_272

In February 2012, Microsoft released OneNote, Lync 2010, Document Connection and PowerPoint Broadcast for Symbian. Microsoft Office_sentence_273

In April, Word Mobile, PowerPoint Mobile and Excel Mobile joined the Office Suite. Microsoft Office_sentence_274

On October 21, 2010, Microsoft debuted Office Mobile 2010 with the release of Windows Phone 7. Microsoft Office_sentence_275

In Windows Phone, users can access and edit documents directly off of their SkyDrive or Office 365 accounts in a dedicated Office hub. Microsoft Office_sentence_276

The Office Hub, which is preinstalled into the operating system, contains Word, PowerPoint and Excel. Microsoft Office_sentence_277

The operating system also includes OneNote, although not as a part of the Office Hub. Microsoft Office_sentence_278

Lync is not included, but can be downloaded as standalone app from the Windows Phone Store free of charge. Microsoft Office_sentence_279

In October 2012, Microsoft released a new version of Microsoft Office Mobile for Windows Phone 8 and Windows Phone 7.8. Microsoft Office_sentence_280

Office for Android, iOS and Windows 10 Mobile Microsoft Office_section_49

Office Mobile was released for iPhone on June 14, 2013, and for Android phones on July 31, 2013. Microsoft Office_sentence_281

In March 2014, Microsoft released Office Lens, a scanner app that enhances photos. Microsoft Office_sentence_282

Photos are then attached to an Office document. Microsoft Office_sentence_283

Office Lens is an app in the Windows Phone store, as well as built into the camera functionality in the OneNote apps for iOS and Windows 8. Microsoft Office_sentence_284

On March 27, 2014, Microsoft launched Office for iPad, the first dedicated version of Office for tablet computers. Microsoft Office_sentence_285

In addition, Microsoft made the Android and iOS versions of Office Mobile free for 'home use' on phones, although the company still requires an Office 365 subscription for using Office Mobile for business use. Microsoft Office_sentence_286

On November 6, 2014, Office was subsequently made free for personal use on the iPad in addition to phones. Microsoft Office_sentence_287

As part of this announcement, Microsoft also split up its single "Office suite" app on iPhones into separate, standalone apps for Word, Excel and PowerPoint, released a revamped version of Office Mobile for iPhone, added direct integration with Dropbox, and previewed future versions of Office for other platforms. Microsoft Office_sentence_288

Office for Android tablets was released on January 29, 2015, following a successful two-month preview period. Microsoft Office_sentence_289

These apps allow users to edit and create documents for free on devices with screen sizes of 10.1 inches or less, though as with the iPad versions, an Office 365 subscription is required to unlock premium features and for commercial use of the apps. Microsoft Office_sentence_290

Tablets with screen sizes larger than 10.1 inches are also supported, but, as was originally the case with the iPad version, are restricted to viewing documents only unless a valid Office 365 subscription is used to enable editing and document creation. Microsoft Office_sentence_291

On January 21, 2015, during the "Windows 10: The Next Chapter" press event, Microsoft unveiled Office for Windows 10, Windows Runtime ports of the Android and iOS versions of the Office Mobile suite. Microsoft Office_sentence_292

Optimized for smartphones and tablets, they are universal apps that can run on both Windows and Windows for phones, and share similar underlying code. Microsoft Office_sentence_293

A simplified version of Outlook was also added to the suite. Microsoft Office_sentence_294

They will be bundled with Windows 10 mobile devices, and available from the Windows Store for the PC version of Windows 10. Microsoft Office_sentence_295

Although the preview versions were free for most editing, the release versions will require an Office 365 subscription on larger tablets (screen size larger than 10.1 inches) and desktops for editing, as with large Android tablets. Microsoft Office_sentence_296

Smaller tablets and phones will have most editing features for free. Microsoft Office_sentence_297

On June 24, 2015, Microsoft released Word, Excel and PowerPoint as standalone apps on Google Play for Android phones, following a one-month preview. Microsoft Office_sentence_298

These apps have also been bundled with Android devices from major OEMs, as a result of Microsoft tying distribution of them and Skype to patent-licensing agreements related to the Android platform. Microsoft Office_sentence_299

The Android version is also supported on certain Chrome OS machines. Microsoft Office_sentence_300

On February 19, 2020, Microsoft announced a new unified Office mobile app for Android and iOS. Microsoft Office_sentence_301

This app combines Word, Excel, and PowerPoint into a single app and introduces new capabilities as making quick notes, signing PDFs, scanning QR codes, and transferring files. Microsoft Office_sentence_302

Online versions Microsoft Office_section_50

Office Web Apps was first revealed on October 2008 at PDC 2008 in Los Angeles. Microsoft Office_sentence_303

Chris Capossela, senior vice president of Microsoft business division, introduced Office Web Apps as lightweight versions of Word, Excel, PowerPoint and OneNote that allow people to create, edit and collaborate on Office documents through a web browser. Microsoft Office_sentence_304

According to Capossela, Office Web Apps was to become available as a part of Office Live Workspace. Microsoft Office_sentence_305

Office Web Apps was announced to be powered by AJAX as well as Silverlight; however, the latter is optional and its availability will only "enhance the user experience, resulting in sharper images and improved rendering." Microsoft Office_sentence_306

Microsoft's Business Division President Stephen Elop stated during PDC 2008 that "a technology preview of Office Web Apps would become available later in 2008". Microsoft Office_sentence_307

However, the Technical Preview of Office Web Apps was not released until 2009. Microsoft Office_sentence_308

On July 13, 2009, Microsoft announced at its Worldwide Partners Conference 2009 in New Orleans that Microsoft Office 2010 reached its "Technical Preview" development milestone and features of Office Web Apps were demonstrated to the public for the first time. Microsoft Office_sentence_309

Additionally, Microsoft announced that Office Web Apps would be made available to consumers online and free of charge, while Microsoft Software Assurance customers will have the option of running them on premises. Microsoft Office_sentence_310

Office 2010 beta testers were not given access to Office Web Apps at this date, and it was announced that it would be available for testers during August 2009. Microsoft Office_sentence_311

However, in August 2009, a Microsoft spokesperson stated that there had been a delay in the release of Office Web Apps Technical Preview and it would not be available by the end of August. Microsoft Office_sentence_312

Microsoft officially released the Technical Preview of Office Web Apps on September 17, 2009. Microsoft Office_sentence_313

Office Web Apps was made available to selected testers via its OneDrive (at the time Skydrive) service. Microsoft Office_sentence_314

The final version of Office Web Apps was made available to the public via Windows Live Office on June 7, 2010. Microsoft Office_sentence_315

On October 22, 2012, Microsoft announced the release of new features including co-authoring, performance improvements and touch support. Microsoft Office_sentence_316

On November 6, 2013, Microsoft announced further new features including real-time co-authoring and an Auto-Save feature in Word (replacing the save button). Microsoft Office_sentence_317

In February 2014, Office Web Apps were re-branded Office Online and incorporated into other Microsoft web services, including Calendar, OneDrive,, and People. Microsoft Office_sentence_318

Microsoft had previously attempted to unify its online services suite (including Microsoft Passport, Hotmail, MSN Messenger, and later SkyDrive) under a brand known as Windows Live, first launched in 2005. Microsoft Office_sentence_319

However, with the impending launch of Windows 8 and its increased use of cloud services, Microsoft dropped the Windows Live brand to emphasize that these services would now be built directly into Windows and not merely be a "bolted on" add-on. Microsoft Office_sentence_320

Critics had criticized the Windows Live brand for having no clear vision, as it was being applied to an increasingly broad array of unrelated services. Microsoft Office_sentence_321

At the same time, Windows Live Hotmail was re-launched as (sharing its name with the Microsoft Outlook personal information manager). Microsoft Office_sentence_322

In July 2019, Microsoft announced that they were retiring the "Online" branding for Office Online. Microsoft Office_sentence_323

The product is now Office, and may be referred to as "Office for the web" or "Office in a browser". Microsoft Office_sentence_324

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: Office.