|Origin||San Pedro, Los Angeles, California, U.S.|
|Labels||SST, New Alliance, Enigma|
|Past members||D. Boon|
Composed of guitarist/vocalist D. , bassist/vocalist BoonMike Watt, and drummer George Hurley, Minutemen recorded four albums and eight EPs before Boon's death in an automobile accident in 1985; after Boon's death, the band broke up.
They were noted in the California punk community for a philosophy of "jamming econo"—a sense of thriftiness reflected in their touring and presentation—while their eclectic and experimental attitude was instrumental in pioneering alternative rock and post-hardcore.
Watt was walking through a park in their hometown of San Pedro, California when Boon, playing a game of "army" with other boys, fell out of a tree right next to him and found that his friends, one named Eskimo, must have ditched him.
Both boys shared a passion for music; Boon's mother taught D. to play the guitar and suggested Watt learn to play bass.
At first, Watt did not know the difference between bass and standard guitars.
The pair eventually started playing music together, mostly covering songs from artists they admired.
In the summer of 1973 Watt and Boon formed the Bright Orange Band, with Boon's brother Joe on drums.
In 1976 they discovered punk; Boon's mother died, and the Bright Orange Band disbanded shortly thereafter.
The next year, the two joined a short-lived band called Starstruck.
After the Reactionaries disbanded, Boon and Watt formed Minutemen in January 1980.
Watt has said their name had nothing at all to do with the brevity of their songs; rather, it was derived partly from the fabled minutemen militia of colonial times and partly to lampoon a right-wing reactionary group of the 1960s that went by that name.
After a month with no drummer, during which Boon and Watt wrote their first songs, the band rehearsed and played a couple of early gigs with local welder Frank Tonche on drums.
The group had originally wanted George Hurley to join, but he had joined a hardcore punk band called Hey Taxi!
with Michael Ely and Spider Taylor after the Reactionaries disbanded.
Tonche quit the group, citing a dislike of the audience the band initially drew, and Hurley took over as drummer in June 1980.
(Early rehearsal recordings with Tonche on drums later became the georgeless EP.)
Their first live gig was as an opening band for Black Flag.
Like most punk bands at the time, the band sold the EP at their shows and at a few local record stores.
It became a minor hit with the hardcore scene.
They settled on their music style on their first LP, The Punch Line (1981), and toured constantly around America promoting the album.
Their third EP and fourth overall release was Bean-Spill.
Their second LP, What Makes a Man Start Fires? , gained attention from the alternative and underground press.
They continued touring extensively, which included a double bill with Black Flag in Europe.
This tour strengthened their place as one of the most well-known acts in the hardcore scene.
In 1983 they released their third LP, Buzz or Howl Under the Influence of Heat.
Though still somewhat obscure to mainstream audiences, Double Nickels has been cited as one of the more innovative and enduring albums of the 1980s American rock underground.
In 1985 they released their most commercial-sounding recording, Project: Mersh.
Though the album sounded more mainstream, it sold poorly compared to Double Nickels due largely to the negative reaction to such a commercial album from within the underground community.
They continued touring, and by the time of their final album, 3-Way Tie (For Last), they decided to take a small break.
They played their last tour with R.E.M..
Their final concert was in Charlotte, North Carolina on December 13, 1985.
D. Boon's death
On December 22, 1985, Boon was killed in a van accident, putting an end to Minutemen.
This put an end to the band's plans to record a half studio/half live triple album with the working title 3 Dudes, 6 Sides, Half Studio, Half Live.
The live tracks were to be based on the ballots that they handed out and as a way to counteract bootlegging.
A year later, however, Watt and Hurley compiled various live recordings, based on the ballots, which were released as Ballot Result.
In addition, Richard Meltzer had sent Watt lyrics for ten songs for an album on which he was going to collaborate.
This project, eventually titled Spielgusher, was completed (by Watt, Meltzer, Yuko Araki, and Hirotaka Shimizu) and released in January 2012 on clenchedwrench.
Following Boon's death, Watt and Hurley originally intended to quit music altogether.
Watt has created four acclaimed solo albums, recorded four with now-former-wife Kira Roessler as the duo Dos, recorded three others as part of the punk jazz jam band Banyan with Stephen Perkins (Jane's Addiction), Nels Cline (Wilco), and Money Mark Nishita (Beastie Boys), contributed on "Providence" off Sonic Youth's album Daydream Nation and "In the Kingdom No.
He founded his own label, Clenchedwrench, in 2011, to release many of his own projects, including his fourth solo album Hyphenated-man.
Hurley and Watt have also continued to make music together both live and in the studio since Firehose's splitting in 1994, starting with a track, along with Petra Haden and Stephen Perkins, for the NORML benefit album Hempilation II in 1998.
(See Legacy below for further Hurley/Watt projects.)
George Hurley and Mike Watt
On rare occasions since 2001, and usually in the Los Angeles area (two December 2004 performances in England being a notable exception), George Hurley and Mike Watt, who have remained friends since Firehose's disbanding in 1994, reunite to play a set list of all Minutemen songs as a duet.
They refuse to have a substitute guitarist play late Minutemen guitarist D. 's parts; instead the songs are arranged for bass and drums. Boon
They insist that they not be billed as Minutemen for these shows or referred to as a Minutemen reunion, as they do not want to cheapen or "vampire" the Minutemen name.
Instead, they insist on being billed under their real names and that the advertisements state that they will be "playing Minutemen songs as a duet."
They were influenced heavily by bands such as Wire, Gang Of Four, The Pop Group, Richard Hell & The Voidoids, and The Urinals, and nearly all of their early songs had unusual structures and were less than a minute long—even later, when Minutemen's music became slightly more conventional, their songs rarely passed the three-minute mark.
Though Minutemen were members of the hardcore punk community and were somewhat influenced by the speed, brevity, and intensity of hardcore punk, they were known for hybridizing punk rock and hardcore with various forms of music (like jazz, funk, acid rock, and R&B), separating them from most hardcore bands of that era.
Minutemen were fans of Captain Beefheart, and echoes of his distinctive, disjointed, avant-blues music can be heard in their songs, especially their early output.
Through most of their career they ignored standard verse-chorus-verse song structures in favor of experimenting with musical dynamics, rhythm, and noise.
Later in their career they blended in more traditional song elements they had initially avoided.
Boon and Watt split songwriting fairly evenly (and Hurley made many contributions as well), though Watt rarely sang and Hurley even less so.
Boon's songs were typically more direct and progressively political in nature, while Watt's were often abstract, self-referential "spiels."
Lyrics and themes would thus often veer from surreal humor, as in "Bob Dylan Wrote Propaganda Songs" and "One Reporter's Opinion", to the frustrations of blue collar life in California, as in the enduring "This Ain't No Picnic".
While many contemporaries rarely displayed a sense of humor, Minutemen were generally more light-hearted and whimsical.
One example of this can be found in the title of their album Double Nickels on the Dime, which poked fun at Sammy Hagar's "I Can't Drive 55" by implying that the Minutemen preferred to take risks with their music rather than behind the wheel of a car.
Many of the band's peers credit Minutemen.
In 2000 Watt, as administrator of the band's publishing, allowed the automaker Volvo to use the Boon instrumental "Love Dance" (from Double Nickels) in a car ad.
Boon's royalties were paid to his father, who was suffering from emphysema.
Watt simply refers to the decision as a way for Boon to help his father from beyond the grave.
Since 2001 Watt and Hurley have done occasional gigs, mainly in the L.A. area except for two December 2004 shows in England, playing Minutemen songs as a duo with no guitarist.
At some of these gigs, Watt would set up one of Boon's old guitars and amps on the side of the stage where Boon used to stand.
These performances, at Watt's insistence, are to be billed strictly as "George Hurley and Mike Watt".
The title is taken from the lyrics to the Double Nickels track "History Lesson – Part II."
The film premiered at the Warner Grand Theatre in the Minutemen's hometown of San Pedro in February 2005.
The film was released on DVD in June 2006.
In the spring of 2007 the documentary went into a heavy rotation cycle on various Sundance cable television channels.
In 2003 Watt released his own book on Minutemen, Spiels of a Minuteman, which contains all of Watt's song lyrics from the Minutemen era as well as the tour journal he wrote during Minutemen's only European tour with Black Flag, essays by former SST co-owner Joe Carducci, Sonic Youth's Thurston Moore, Blue Öyster Cult lyricist and longtime Watt hero Richard Meltzer, and illustrations by Raymond Pettibon that had been used in all of Minutemen's album artwork.
In June 2015, Watt went on WTF with Marc Maron to discuss the legacy of the Minutemen.
Covers and tributes
Watt has dedicated all of Firehose's releases and his solo albums to the memory of Boon.
"Disciples of the 3-Way" on Firehose's final studio album Mr. is about Minutemen, and "The Boilerman" from Watt's second solo album Machinery OperatorContemplating The Engine Room (which parallels the stories of Minutemen, Watt's father, and the novel The Sand Pebbles) is about Boon; Watt had guitarist Nels Cline play one of Boon's old Fender Telecaster guitars on the track.
Sublime (whose lead singer Bradley Nowell also died prematurely) sampled Boon saying "Punk rock changed our lives" on "History Lesson Part II" from Double Nickels as part of their song "Waiting For My Ruca" from 1992's 40 Oz. . to Freedom
On the final track from the same album titled "Thanx", all three Minutemen are mentioned.
Watt repaid this salute by appearing in Sublime's video for "Wrong Way" in 1996.
Sublime also sampled George Hurley's drum intro from "It's Expected I'm Gone" for their "Get Out!
The Unknown Instructors track "Punk Is Whatever We Make It To Be" from their first album The Way Things Work contains interpolations by vocalist Dan McGuire of several lyrics from Double Nickels on the Dime.
In 1994, Little Brother Records released the Minutemen tribute CD and LP Our Band Could Be Your Life.
The CD version included 33 tracks by artists covering Minutemen songs, plus a track with a Boon interview and a live version of the Minutemen song "Badges".
The LP version had 23 tracks, including the interview and Minutemen items.
In 2015, the band EL VY, an American indie rock collaboration between Matt Berninger (lead vocalist of The National) and Brent Knopf (founding member of Ramona Falls and Menomena), inspired by both Grease and We Jam Econo, imagined "as a sort of punk rock musical following the adventures of Didi and Michael — named after the Minutemen's D. and BoonMike Watt.
Their song, It's a Game, is about The Minutemen.
Main article: Minutemen discography
- The Punch Line (1981)
- What Makes a Man Start Fires? (1983)
- Double Nickels on the Dime (1984)
- 3-Way Tie (For Last) (1985)
- Paranoid Time (1980)
- Joy (1981)
- Bean-Spill (1982)
- Buzz or Howl Under the Influence of Heat (1983)
- Tour-Spiel (1984)
- Project: Mersh (1985)
- Minuteflag (1986)
- Georgeless (1993)
- Minutemen/Saccharine Trust Split (2011)
- The Politics of Time (1984)
- My First Bells (1985)
- Ballot Result (1987)
- Post-Mersh, Vol. 1 (1987)
- Post-Mersh, Vol. 2 (1987)
- Post-Mersh, Vol. 3 (1989)
- Introducing the Minutemen (1998)
- We Jam Econo – full-length Minutemen documentary from 2005
Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Minutemen (band).