Morton Gould

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Morton Gould (December 10, 1913 – February 21, 1996) was an American composer, conductor, arranger, and pianist. Morton Gould_sentence_0

Biography Morton Gould_section_0

Morton Gould was born in Richmond Hill, New York, United States. Morton Gould_sentence_1

He was recognized early as a child prodigy with abilities in improvisation and composition. Morton Gould_sentence_2

His first composition was published at age six. Morton Gould_sentence_3

Gould studied at the Institute of Musical Art in New York. Morton Gould_sentence_4

His most important teachers were Abby Whiteside and Vincent Jones. Morton Gould_sentence_5

During the Depression, Gould, while a teenager, worked in New York City playing piano in movie theaters, as well as with vaudeville acts. Morton Gould_sentence_6

When Radio City Music Hall opened, Gould was hired as the staff pianist. Morton Gould_sentence_7

By 1935, he was conducting and arranging orchestral programs for New York's WOR radio station, where he reached a national audience via the Mutual Broadcasting System, combining popular programming with classical music. Morton Gould_sentence_8

In 1936, Gould married Shirley Uzin, but the marriage ended in divorce in 1943. Morton Gould_sentence_9

In the following year, Gould married Shirley Bank. Morton Gould_sentence_10

This marriage too ended in divorce. Morton Gould_sentence_11

In the 1940s, Gould appeared on the Cresta Blanca Carnival program as well as The Chrysler Hour on CBS where he reached an audience of millions. Morton Gould_sentence_12

In 1942, he composed music for the short film Ring of Steel, directed by Garson Kanin and produced by the Film Unit of the U.S. Office for Emergency Management. Morton Gould_sentence_13

Gould had four children. Morton Gould_sentence_14

On 16 February 1945, Gould's son Eric was born. Morton Gould_sentence_15

Gould's son David was born on 2 March 1947. Morton Gould_sentence_16

Gould's first daughter, Abby, was born on 3 February 1950, and, on 21 December 1954, his daughter Deborah was born. Morton Gould_sentence_17

Gould composed Broadway scores such as Billion Dollar Baby and Arms and the Girl; film music such as Delightfully Dangerous, Cinerama Holiday, and Windjammer; music for television series such as World War One and the miniseries Holocaust; and ballet scores including Interplay, Fall River Legend, and I'm Old Fashioned. Morton Gould_sentence_18

Gould's music, commissioned by symphony orchestras all over the United States, was also commissioned by the Library of Congress, The Chamber Music Society of Lincoln Center, the American Ballet Theatre, and the New York City Ballet. Morton Gould_sentence_19

His ability to seamlessly combine multiple musical genres into formal classical structure, while maintaining their distinctive elements, was unsurpassed, and Gould received three commissions for the United States Bicentennial. Morton Gould_sentence_20

As a conductor, Gould led all of the major American orchestras as well as those of Canada, Mexico, Europe, Japan, and Australia. Morton Gould_sentence_21

With his orchestra, he recorded music of many classical standards, including Gershwin's "Rhapsody in Blue" on which he also played the piano. Morton Gould_sentence_22

He won a Grammy Award in 1966 for his recording of Charles Ives' first symphony, with the Chicago Symphony Orchestra. Morton Gould_sentence_23

In 1983, Gould received the American Symphony Orchestra League's Gold Baton Award. Morton Gould_sentence_24

In 1986 he was elected to the American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters. Morton Gould_sentence_25

An active member of ASCAP (American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers) for many decades, Gould served as president from 1986 until 1994. Morton Gould_sentence_26

During his tenure, he lobbied for the intellectual rights of performing artists as the internet was becoming a force that would greatly impact ASCAP's members. Morton Gould_sentence_27

Incorporating new styles into his repertoire as they emerged, Gould incorporated wildly disparate elements, including a rapping narrator titled "The Jogger and the Dinosaur," American tap dancing in his "Tap Dance Concerto" for dancer and orchestra, and a singing fire department titled "Hosedown" commissioned works for the Pittsburgh Youth Symphony. Morton Gould_sentence_28

In 1993, his work "Ghost Waltzes" was commissioned for the ninth Van Cliburn International Piano Competition. Morton Gould_sentence_29

In the same year, he received the El Premio Billboard for his contributions to Latin music in the United States. Morton Gould_sentence_30

In 1994, Gould received the Kennedy Center Honor in recognition of lifetime contributions to American culture. Morton Gould_sentence_31

In 1995, Gould was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for Music for Stringmusic, a composition commissioned by the National Symphony Orchestra in recognition of the final season of director Mstislav Rostropovich. Morton Gould_sentence_32

In 2005, he was honored with the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award. Morton Gould_sentence_33

He also was a member of the board of the American Symphony Orchestra League and of the National Endowment for the Arts music panel. Morton Gould_sentence_34

Gould's original are archived in the Library of Congress and available to the public. Morton Gould_sentence_35

Gould died on February 21, 1996 in Orlando, Florida, where he was the first resident guest composer/conductor at the Disney Institute. Morton Gould_sentence_36

He was 82 years old. Morton Gould_sentence_37

Work on Broadway Morton Gould_section_1

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Work in film and television Morton Gould_section_2

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Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: Gould.