Mount Allison University

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Mount Allison University_table_infobox_0

Mount Allison UniversityMount Allison University_table_caption_0
MottoMount Allison University_header_cell_0_0_0 Litterae, Religio, ScientiaMount Allison University_cell_0_0_1
Motto in EnglishMount Allison University_header_cell_0_1_0 Writing, Divinity, KnowledgeMount Allison University_cell_0_1_1
TypeMount Allison University_header_cell_0_2_0 PublicMount Allison University_cell_0_2_1
EstablishedMount Allison University_header_cell_0_3_0 June 1839; 181 years ago (1839-06)Mount Allison University_cell_0_3_1
AffiliationMount Allison University_header_cell_0_4_0 United Church of CanadaMount Allison University_cell_0_4_1
EndowmentMount Allison University_header_cell_0_5_0 $148.2 million (2019)Mount Allison University_cell_0_5_1
ChancellorMount Allison University_header_cell_0_6_0 Lynn LoewenMount Allison University_cell_0_6_1
PresidentMount Allison University_header_cell_0_7_0 Jean-Paul BoudreauMount Allison University_cell_0_7_1
Academic staffMount Allison University_header_cell_0_8_0 129Mount Allison University_cell_0_8_1
StudentsMount Allison University_header_cell_0_9_0 2,250Mount Allison University_cell_0_9_1
UndergraduatesMount Allison University_header_cell_0_10_0 2,234Mount Allison University_cell_0_10_1
PostgraduatesMount Allison University_header_cell_0_11_0 16Mount Allison University_cell_0_11_1
LocationMount Allison University_header_cell_0_12_0 Sackville, New Brunswick, CanadaMount Allison University_cell_0_12_1
CampusMount Allison University_header_cell_0_13_0 RuralMount Allison University_cell_0_13_1
ColoursMount Allison University_header_cell_0_14_0 Garnet   & goldMount Allison University_cell_0_14_1
AthleticsMount Allison University_header_cell_0_15_0 CIS, AUS,Mount Allison University_cell_0_15_1
NicknameMount Allison University_header_cell_0_16_0 MountiesMount Allison University_cell_0_16_1
AffiliationsMount Allison University_header_cell_0_17_0 Universities Canada, IAU, ACU, CIS, CBIE, AUS, CUPMount Allison University_cell_0_17_1
WebsiteMount Allison University_header_cell_0_18_0 Mount Allison University_cell_0_18_1

Mount Allison University (also Mount A or MtA) is a Canadian primarily undergraduate liberal arts university located in Sackville, New Brunswick. Mount Allison University_sentence_0

It has been ranked the top undergraduate university in the country 21 times in the past 29 years by Maclean's magazine, a record unmatched by any other university. Mount Allison University_sentence_1

With a 17:1 student-to-faculty ratio, the average first-year class size is 60 and upper-year classes average 14 students. Mount Allison University_sentence_2

Mount Allison University was the first university in the British Empire to award a baccalaureate to a woman (Grace Annie Lockhart, B.Sc, 1875). Mount Allison University_sentence_3

Mount Allison graduates have been awarded a total of 55 Rhodes Scholarships. Mount Allison University_sentence_4

American chemist James B. Sumner, who won the 1946 Nobel Prize in Chemistry, worked at Mount Allison as a teaching fellow in 1910-11. Mount Allison University_sentence_5

Mount Allison also has one of the largest endowments per student in Canada. Mount Allison University_sentence_6

History Mount Allison University_section_0

Mount Allison University is a secular (but United Church-affiliated) primarily undergraduate liberal arts university, established at Sackville, New Brunswick on January 19, 1843. Mount Allison University_sentence_7

The university was named after Charles Frederick Allison, in honour of his gift of land and money. Mount Allison University_sentence_8

Its origins were steeped in the Methodist faith and it was designed to prepare men for the ministry and to supply education for lay members. Mount Allison University_sentence_9

The university was chartered on April 14, 1849. Mount Allison University_sentence_10

In June 1839, Charles Allison was encouraged by Wesleyan Methodist Minister Rev. Mount Allison University_sentence_11

John Bass Strong that a school of elementary and higher learning be built. Mount Allison University_sentence_12

Allison offered to purchase a site in Sackville to erect a suitable building for an academy and to contribute operating funds of £100 a year for 10 years. Mount Allison University_sentence_13

This offer was accepted and the Wesleyan Academy for boys subsequently opened in 1843. Mount Allison University_sentence_14

In 1854, a girls' institution (later known as the "Ladies College") was opened to complement the boys' academy. Mount Allison University_sentence_15

In 1858 an Act of the New Brunswick Legislature authorized the trustees to establish a degree-conferring institution at Sackville, under the name of the Mount Allison Wesleyan College. Mount Allison University_sentence_16

In July 1862, the degree-granting Mount Allison College was organized. Mount Allison University_sentence_17

The first two students, Howard Sprague and Josiah Wood, graduated in May 1863. Mount Allison University_sentence_18

Mount Allison was the first university in the British Empire to confer a bachelor's degree to a woman (Grace Annie Lockhart, B.Sc. Mount Allison University_sentence_19

1875). Mount Allison University_sentence_20

It was also the first university in Canada to grant a bachelor of arts to a woman (Harriet Starr Stewart). Mount Allison University_sentence_21

For nearly a century, Mount Allison functioned as three distinct, mutually enriching parts: the college proper, the Boys' Academy, and the Ladies College. Mount Allison University_sentence_22

The corporate name was changed to University of Mount Allison College in 1886. Mount Allison University_sentence_23

The university's affiliation was transferred to the United Church of Canada following church union in 1925. Mount Allison University_sentence_24

Original components of the university included: the Mount Allison Wesleyan Academy for Boys (1840–1958), the Ladies' College (1854–1958), and Mount Allison College. Mount Allison University_sentence_25

Mount Allison College was established in 1862 with degree-granting powers on behalf of the other two. Mount Allison University_sentence_26

The governance was modelled on the provincial University of Toronto Act of 1906 which established a bicameral system of university government consisting of a senate (faculty), responsible for academic policy, and a board of governors (citizens) exercising exclusive control over financial policy and having formal authority in all other matters. Mount Allison University_sentence_27

The president, appointed by the board, was to provide a link between the two bodies and to perform institutional leadership. Mount Allison University_sentence_28

By 1920, Mount Allison University had three faculties: Arts, Theology, and Engineering. Mount Allison University_sentence_29

It awarded the degrees of Bachelor of Arts (BA), Bachelor of Science (BSc), Bachelor of Divinity (BD), and Master of Arts. Mount Allison University_sentence_30

It had 246 male students and 73 female students, as well as 28 academic staff, all male. Mount Allison University_sentence_31

The closure of the School for Girls in 1946 and the Boy's Academy in 1953 coincided with a period of expansion and provided much-needed space for the growing university. Mount Allison University_sentence_32

In 1958, a period of construction and acquisition of buildings began, easing the strain of overcrowding at the institution. Mount Allison University_sentence_33

At this time the university board and administration decided to reaffirm the traditional aims of Mount Allison in providing a high-quality undergraduate liberal arts education, along with continuing to offer professional programs in already-established fields. Mount Allison University_sentence_34

As such, the university decided not to compete for new professional programs and generally avoided post-graduate course development. Mount Allison University_sentence_35

The policy of university education initiated in the 1960s responded to population pressure and the belief that higher education was a key to social justice and economic productivity for individuals and for society. Mount Allison University_sentence_36

Mount Allison University was established by the Mount Allison University Act, 1993. Mount Allison University_sentence_37

Mount Allison University's arms and badge were registered with the Canadian Heraldic Authority on November 15, 2007. Mount Allison University_sentence_38

Academics Mount Allison University_section_1

The mission statement of Mount Allison University promotes "the creation and dissemination of knowledge in a community of higher learning, centred on the undergraduate student and delivered in an intimate and harmonious environment". Mount Allison University_sentence_39

Mount Allison currently offers bachelor's degrees in Arts, Science, Commerce, Fine Arts, and Music, as well as master's degrees in biology and chemistry and biochemistry, and certificates in bilingualism. Mount Allison University_sentence_40

A Bachelor's degree in Science with a major in Aviation has been developed in conjunction with the Moncton Flight College. Mount Allison University_sentence_41

Mount Allison has one of the best records of Rhodes Scholars per capita in Canada — 55 all together, and 14 in the past 16 years. Mount Allison University_sentence_42

In 2014, 76 per cent of the student body received an entrance scholarship. Mount Allison University_sentence_43

The University's enrolment is approximately 2,300 students. Mount Allison University_sentence_44

Faculties, departments, and programs Mount Allison University_section_2

Mount Allison University_unordered_list_0

Architecture Mount Allison University_section_3

Mount Allison's architecture is one of the campus's defining features. Mount Allison University_sentence_45

In most cases, the present campus is much newer than the age of the institution, which was founded in the mid-19th century. Mount Allison University_sentence_46

At that time, the original Mount Allison buildings were wooden clapboarded structures all painted white. Mount Allison University_sentence_47

Succumbing to fires or demolition, these earlier buildings have been replaced with brick or stone structures, although a unique and significant instance of early Mount Allison wooden architecture survives at the centre of campus: the President's Cottage of 1857. Mount Allison University_sentence_48

Noted architectural historian, John Leroux, who is working with visual artist Thaddeus Holownia on a book about the University's architecture, calls the campus "one of the finest in Canada" and says some of the most beautiful buildings built in New Brunswick in the last 100 years are located at Mount Allison. Mount Allison University_sentence_49

In particular, Leroux names the Mount Allison chapel as one of the most significant buildings in the province, saying, "It is exquisite. Mount Allison University_sentence_50

It is nearly a perfect building." Mount Allison University_sentence_51

The Chapel is a masterwork of the Ontario-based architecture firm of Brown, Brisley and Brown, who designed numerous new buildings and transformed the site configuration of Mount Allison in the mid- to late-1960s and early 1970s into the landscape it is today. Mount Allison University_sentence_52

Paramount of their scheme was the creation of the central courtyard with the Chapel as a focus at one end, and the Library's gateway colonnade overlooking the town and Convocation Hall at the other. Mount Allison University_sentence_53

Among the other Brown, Brisley and Brown buildings completed at Mount Allison between 1964 and 1980 are: the Gairdner Fine Arts building, the Marjorie Young Bell Conservatory of Music, the Barclay Chemistry Building, Edwards House, Thornton House, the Ralph Pickard Bell Library, and the Harold Crabtree building. Mount Allison University_sentence_54

Other significant buildings are the Owens Art Gallery, the oldest University art gallery in Canada, which opened in 1895, and Hammond House, the only registered National Historic Site in the Town of Sackville. Mount Allison University_sentence_55

Both were designed by noted Toronto architect Edmund Burke. Mount Allison University_sentence_56

The Queen Anne Revival-style Hammond House was originally built for Canadian artist and head of the Fine Arts department John Hammond in 1896. Mount Allison University_sentence_57

It now serves as the President's residence. Mount Allison University_sentence_58

Several campus buildings were designed by architect Andrew R. Cobb, including the Memorial Library (1926–27; demol. Mount Allison University_sentence_59

2011), Flemington Building (1930–31), and Centennial Hall (1883–84, but redesigned by Cobb in 1933 after the original was gutted by fire). Mount Allison University_sentence_60

The Memorial Library (renamed University Centre in 1970) was constructed in the Tudor-inspired Gothic Revival style. Mount Allison University_sentence_61

The library also included a set of plaques, now located on the ground floor atrium of the Wallace McCain Student Centre, which are listed in the Canadian Forces' National Inventory of Canadian Military Memorials – No. Mount Allison University_sentence_62

13002-004. Mount Allison University_sentence_63

The plaques list the names of Allisonians who lost their lives at war. Mount Allison University_sentence_64

Every year since 1927, the names of each of the fallen are read aloud during the University's annual Remembrance Day service. Mount Allison University_sentence_65

The Wallace McCain Student Centre, originally constructed as a men's residence (Trueman House) in 1945 and designed by Halifax architect C.A. Mount Allison University_sentence_66

Fowler, was gutted and repurposed in 2008, keeping the exterior form and stone walls intact. Mount Allison University_sentence_67

The newest building on campus is the Purdy Crawford Centre for the Arts, which opened in 2014. Mount Allison University_sentence_68

Housing the Department of Fine Arts and the drama program, the building features art studios, a large atrium, and the 100-seat Motyer-Fancy Theatre. Mount Allison University_sentence_69

Designed by the internationally honoured Canadian architecture firm Zeidler Partnership, it was featured in Canadian Architect magazine in March 2015. Mount Allison University_sentence_70

Housing Mount Allison University_section_4

Mount Allison has housing facilities available for approximately 50 percent of its student population. Mount Allison University_sentence_71

More than 85 percent of first-year students choose to live in residence. Mount Allison University_sentence_72

On-campus accommodations are guaranteed to all first-year students who meet admission and deposit deadlines. Mount Allison University_sentence_73

All rooms come with high speed wired as well as wireless Internet, as well as cable, phone, and mini fridge. Mount Allison University_sentence_74

All buildings are co-ed with wing to wing or integrated bathrooms. Mount Allison University_sentence_75

Sixty percent of rooms are either single or ensuite style and 40 percent are double accommodation. Mount Allison University_sentence_76

Campbell Hall, winner of CBIP Award for incorporation of environment features, offers large single rooms with ensuite bathrooms. Mount Allison University_sentence_77

In addition, Mount Allison also offers senior students a chance to live in one of two small residences (Carriage – six rooms, Anchorage – 11 rooms.) Mount Allison University_sentence_78

The following residences are open for new and returning students: Mount Allison University_sentence_79

Mount Allison University_unordered_list_1

  • Campbell HallMount Allison University_item_1_31
  • Harper HallMount Allison University_item_1_32
  • Windsor HallMount Allison University_item_1_33
  • Bigelow HouseMount Allison University_item_1_34
  • Bennett HouseMount Allison University_item_1_35
  • Hunton HouseMount Allison University_item_1_36
  • Thornton HouseMount Allison University_item_1_37
  • Edwards HouseMount Allison University_item_1_38

Social life Mount Allison University_section_5

Social life at Mount Allison tends to focus on extracurricular activities: 140 clubs and societies and over 30 varsity, club, and intramural sports teams. Mount Allison University_sentence_80

Mount Allison students also socialize at places like Gracie's, The Pond (campus pub), Ducky's, Joey's, and the Bridge Street Café. Mount Allison University_sentence_81

Mount Allison's campus paper, The Argosy, is an independent publication produced weekly. Mount Allison University_sentence_82

The publication dates from 1872, making it one of the oldest student publications in the country. Mount Allison University_sentence_83

The campus and community radio station, CHMA 106.9 FM, is owned and operated by the members of Attic Broadcasting Company Ltd., a non-profit organization with its offices on the university campus. Mount Allison University_sentence_84

Tintamarre theatre company was founded at Mount Allison by Professor Alex Fancy and produces a bilingual collective show each year, staged at the Motyer-Fancy Theatre and later presented at junior and senior high schools throughout the Maritime provinces. Mount Allison University_sentence_85

A performing arts series is held at Convocation Hall (one of the largest concert halls east of Montreal) during the school year, and the annual President's Speakers Series brings nationally and internationally renowned speakers to campus each year. Mount Allison University_sentence_86

Fine Art students run START Gallery within Struts Gallery, a CARFAC artist-run center. Mount Allison University_sentence_87

Student government Mount Allison University_section_6

The Mount Allison Students’ Union (MASU) represents all full- and part-time students at Mount Allison. Mount Allison University_sentence_88

It operates as a membership-based non-profit corporation, and was incorporated in 1980 under the New Brunswick Companies Act. Mount Allison University_sentence_89

Administration Mount Allison University_section_7

Mount Allison University 107726820RR0001 was registered as a charitable organization in Canada on January 1, 1967. Mount Allison University_sentence_90

The primary areas in which the charity is now carrying on programs to achieve its charitable purposes, ranked according to the percentage of time and resources devoted to each program area follow: Mount Allison University_sentence_91

Mount Allison University_unordered_list_2

  • Universities and colleges 97%Mount Allison University_item_2_39
  • Scholarships, bursaries, awards 3%Mount Allison University_item_2_40

The charity carried on charitable programs to further its charitable purpose(s) (as defined in its governing documents) this fiscal period: Mount Allison University_sentence_92

Mount Allison University_unordered_list_3

  • Provides rigorous liberal education primarily to undergraduate students in a co-educational intimate residential environment.Mount Allison University_item_3_41
  • Provides scholarships, bursaries and awards to students.Mount Allison University_item_3_42

Notable alumni Mount Allison University_section_8

Athletics Mount Allison University_section_9

Main article: Mount Allison Mounties Mount Allison University_sentence_93

The school's team name in Canadian Interuniversity Sport (CIS) is the Mount Allison Mounties. Mount Allison University_sentence_94

The football team has appeared in the Vanier Cup national college football championship game twice (1984 & 1991). Mount Allison University_sentence_95

The Mount Allison football team also made playoff appearances in 2007, 2008, 2010, 2013, and 2014. Mount Allison University_sentence_96

The team won the 2013 AUS championship, but lost to the Laval Rouge et Or in the Uteck Bowl (the national college football semi final) and in 2014, losing to McMaster in the Mitchell Bowl. Mount Allison University_sentence_97

Mount Allison is also home to a CIS-level women's hockey team, as well as swim, badminton, and soccer teams. Mount Allison University_sentence_98

Basketball and volleyball teams compete against colleges and other smaller universities. Mount Allison University_sentence_99

Mount Allison is the winner of the first ever ACAA men's rugby championship in 2007 and remained undefeated through 2010, resulting in four consecutive championships. Mount Allison University_sentence_100

In both 2008 and 2009 the men's and women's Mounties remained undefeated throughout the regular season and became ACAA champions. Mount Allison University_sentence_101

The university women's hockey team plays at the Tantramar Civic Centre. Mount Allison University_sentence_102

Labour relations Mount Allison University_section_10

Mount Allison faculty are represented by the Mount Allison Faculty Association, and the staff by CUPE 3433 and CUPE 2338. Mount Allison University_sentence_103

Mount Allison had a three-week long faculty strike in early 2014. Mount Allison University_sentence_104

After this strike, students sought a refund for tuition, a request that was denied by the Board of Regents. Mount Allison University_sentence_105

Mount Allison had another week long faculty strike in early 2020, lasting from 03/02/2020 until 08/02/2020. Mount Allison University_sentence_106

See also Mount Allison University_section_11

Mount Allison University_unordered_list_4

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: Allison University.