Musa al-Kadhim

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Musa al-Kadhim_table_infobox_0

Mūsā al-Kāẓim

مُوسَىٰ ٱلْكَاظِم 7th Imam of Twelver Ahlul BaytMusa al-Kadhim_header_cell_0_0_0

BornMusa al-Kadhim_header_cell_0_1_0 c. 10 November 745 CE
(7 Safar 128 AH)

Al-Abwa, Medina, Umayyad EmpireMusa al-Kadhim_cell_0_1_1

DiedMusa al-Kadhim_header_cell_0_2_0 c. 4 September 799(799-09-04) (aged 53)
(25 Rajab 183 AH)

Baghdad, Abbasid EmpireMusa al-Kadhim_cell_0_2_1

Cause of deathMusa al-Kadhim_header_cell_0_3_0 Poisoning by Harun al-Rashid according to most Shi'a MuslimsMusa al-Kadhim_cell_0_3_1
Resting placeMusa al-Kadhim_header_cell_0_4_0 Al-Kadhimiya Mosque, Baghdad, IraqMusa al-Kadhim_cell_0_4_1
Other namesMusa al-Kadhim_header_cell_0_5_0 Mūsa ibn Ja'farMusa al-Kadhim_cell_0_5_1
TitleMusa al-Kadhim_header_cell_0_6_0 ListMusa al-Kadhim_cell_0_6_1
TermMusa al-Kadhim_header_cell_0_7_0 765 – 799 CEMusa al-Kadhim_cell_0_7_1
PredecessorMusa al-Kadhim_header_cell_0_8_0 Ja'far al-SadiqMusa al-Kadhim_cell_0_8_1
SuccessorMusa al-Kadhim_header_cell_0_9_0 Ali al-RidhaMusa al-Kadhim_cell_0_9_1
MovementMusa al-Kadhim_header_cell_0_10_0 Twelver Shia IslamMusa al-Kadhim_cell_0_10_1
Spouse(s)Musa al-Kadhim_header_cell_0_11_0 Ummul Banīn Najmah
and 3 othersMusa al-Kadhim_cell_0_11_1
ChildrenMusa al-Kadhim_header_cell_0_12_0 ListMusa al-Kadhim_cell_0_12_1
Parent(s)Musa al-Kadhim_header_cell_0_13_0 Ja'far al-Sadiq
Hamīdah al-BarbariyyahMusa al-Kadhim_cell_0_13_1

Musa ibn Ja'far al-Kadhim (Arabic: مُوسَىٰ ٱبْن جَعْفَر ٱلْكَاظِم‎, Mūsā ibn Jaʿfar al-Kāẓim), also spelled al-Kazim, and also known as Abu al-Hasan, Abu Abd Allah or Abu Ibrahim, was the seventh Imam in Twelver Shia Islam after his father Ja'far al-Sadiq. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_0

He is regarded by Sunnis as a renowned scholar, and was a contemporary of the Abbasid caliphs Al-Mansur, Al-Hadi, Al-Mahdi and Harun al-Rashid. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_1

He was imprisoned several times; finally dying in Baghdad in the Sindi ibn Shahak prison. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_2

Ali al-Rida, the eighth Imam, and Fatemah al-Ma'sumah were among his children. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_3

Birth and early life Musa al-Kadhim_section_0

Musa al-Kadhim was born during the conflict between the Abbasids and Umayyads, and was four years old when As-Saffah, the first Abbasid Caliph, took the throne. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_4

His mother, Hamidah, was a former slave from either Berbery or Andalusia. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_5

Al-Kadhim was brought up in a large family, with nine sisters and six brothers. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_6

According to Twelver Shiites, his oldest brother Ismail predeceased his father Ja'far al-Sadiq, who held the position of Imam and Musa was chosen by divine order and decree of his father as the next Imam. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_7

According to some sources, al-Kadhim was religiously minded as a child. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_8

Muhammad Baqir Majlisi relates an incident where Abū Ḥanīfa called on Ja'far al-Sadiq to ask his advice. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_9

While there, he encountered al-Kadhim, who was then five years old. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_10

Hanifa asked al-Kadhim the question meant for his father, saying: "Boy, from whom does disobedience (issue)? Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_11

Does it issue from Allah or from the servant?" Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_12

Al-Kadhim answered, saying: "Either it issues from God and not from the servant at all, so God does not punish the servant for what he does not do; or it issues from the servant and God, and God is a stronger partner. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_13

Therefore, the stronger partner has no right to punish the weak for a sin in which they are equal; or it issues from the servant and not from God. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_14

So if He wills to pardon (him), (He will pardon him), and if He wills to punish (him), (He will punish him); and God is He whose help is sought." Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_15

Upon hearing this, Hanifa left, saying that the answer had been good enough for him. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_16

In another incident, Abū Ḥanīfa complained to al-Sadiq, saying: "I have seen your son, Musa, pray while the people were passing (walking) before him. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_17

He did not prevent them from that." Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_18

The Imam ordered his son to be brought before him, and asked him whether it was true. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_19

Al-Khadhim replied "Yes, father, the One to Whom I pray is nearer to me than them; Allah, the Great and Almighty, says: We are nearer to him than the jugular vein." Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_20

On hearing this response, the Imam rose, hugged his son, and said; "May my father and mother be your ransom, O he in whom secrets have been deposited!" Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_21

Imamate Musa al-Kadhim_section_1

Musa al-Kadhim was said to be a gentle and tolerant man. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_22

He was called al-Kadhim because he was kind, forgiving and generous toward the people who treated him in a bad manner or were unfriendly towards him. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_23

Ibn Khallikan said "that when a man had spoken ill of him he sent him a purse of money." Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_24

One such incident concerned a man who cursed al-Kadhim's grandfather, Imam Ali. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_25

The Imam's followers intended to kill the man, but al-Kadhim prevented them. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_26

He went to the man's farm in the outskirts of Medina. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_27

He approached him, but the man shouted at him not to walk on his plants. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_28

The Imam paid no attention and when he reached him, sat beside him and treated him kindly, asking how much had the man paid to sow his land. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_29

"One hundred dinars," said the man. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_30

"How much do you hope to acquire from it?" Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_31

asked the Imam. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_32

"I do not know the unknown," said the man. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_33

"I only asked you about what you hope it would bring you," insisted the Imam. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_34

The man answered "two hundred dinars", and the Imam gave him three hundred dinars, saying "This three hundred dinars is for you and your plants are as they are." Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_35

The Imam then headed for the mosque of the prophet, where he saw that the man was already sitting there. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_36

When he saw the Imam, the man stood up and called out the verse: "Allah knows best where to put his (prophetic) mission." Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_37

His companions were surprised at this change, but the man recited to them the noble deeds of the Imam and invoked Allah for him. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_38

Hence, the Imam turned to his companions and said: "Which was better – what you wanted or what I wanted? Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_39

I have put right his attitude to the extent you have now become acquainted with." Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_40

Musa al-Kadhim was also called Abdu' al-Salih (the Holy Servant) because his interests lay in religious rather than political matters. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_41

He was known to distribute money to the town of Medina despite his family being poor. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_42

The Shiite Imams frequently had to deal with persecution, and sometimes resorted to the practice of taqiyya, a form of religious dissimulation, for protection. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_43

When Jafar al-Sadiq was poisoned, the Caliph Al-Mansur wanted to end the imamah, and so he wrote to the governor of Medina to behead the person that al-Sadiq had named as his successor in his last testament. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_44

When he read the testament, however, the governor of Medina saw that the Imam had chosen four people rather than one: the caliph himself, the governor of Medina, the Imam's older son Abdullah al-Aftah, and Musa, his younger son. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_45

As a result, Mansur was unable to end the imamate. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_46

However, unlike his father who had been able to teach freely in Medina, Musa al-Kadhim lived with tight restrictions set by Abbasid caliphs, such as al-Mansur and Harun al-Rashid. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_47

Musa al-Kadhim never accepted Harun's government, because he believed al- Rashid sought to destroy Islam by erasing the truth and effacing justice. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_48

Therefore, he forbade his Shi'ites from cooperating with Harun, excluding those who through their jobs could help the believers and save them from oppression. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_49

Caliph Harun al-Rashid, an opponent of the Imam, said that al-Kadhim had the qualities of a true Imam, and that he was better suited to inherit the Caliphate from Muhammad than al-Rashid. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_50

When his son al-Ma'mun asked him why he magnified the Imam, he said that Musa al-Kadhim was "the Imam of the people, the proof of Allah's mercy to His creation and His caliph among His servants". Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_51

"I am", Harun said, "outwardly the Imam of the masses by force and through oppression, while Musa ibn Ja'far is the Imam in truth." Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_52

However, he said that he would not deliver the Caliphate to the Imam: "by Allah, if you yourself attempt to take such caliphate from me, I shall take it away from you even if that means gouging your eyes, for power is blind." Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_53

He advised his son to get true knowledge from the Imam, saying: "This (Musa al-Kadhim) is the inheritor of the knowledge of the Prophets ... Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_54

If you desire sound knowledge, you will find it with this." Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_55

Afterwards when al-Ma'mun inherited the Caliphate from al-Rashid, he insisted on giving it to Musa al-Kadhim's son, Ali al-Ridha, the eighth Shiite Imam, arguing that he found "no person on the face of earth more learned than this man." Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_56

Division Musa al-Kadhim_section_2

After the death of al-Kadhim's father, Ja'far al-Sadiq, the sixth Imam the majority of Shiites followed Musa al-Kadhim, while another group followed Isma'il, al-Sadiq's older son. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_57

Imam Jafar al-Sadiq tried hard to clarify that his son Musa will be the next Imam after his death because the Shi'a maintain that the infallibility of the Imam is a basic rule in the Imamate. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_58

“The theologians have defined the Imamate, saying: "Surely the Imamate is a grace from Allah, Who grants it to the most perfect and best of His servants to Him” This latter group separated afterwards from the majority of Shiites and became known as Ismailis. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_59

Smaller groups accepted either Abdullah al-Aftah or Muhammad, other sons of Ja'far al-Sadiq, as the Imam. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_60

Finally, another group considered Ja'far al-Sadiq to be the last Imam. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_61

After the death of Musa al-Kadhim, the majority followed his son, Ali al-Ridha, while the rest believed that al-Kadhim was the last Imam. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_62

This latter group became known as the Waqifiyah. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_63

Theological disputes Musa al-Kadhim_section_3

With Harun al-Rashid Musa al-Kadhim_section_4

One of the stories about the Imam concerns an incident where Harun al-Rashid and the Imam were together before the tomb of Muhammad in Medina, when, to show his family ties to Muhammad, al-Rashid had said, "Salutation unto thee, O Prophet of God, unto thee who art my cousin!" Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_64

In response, the Imam said, "Salutation unto thee, o my dear father!" Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_65

which made al-Rashid furious. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_66

"Abul-Hasan, such glory as thine is truly to be vaunted of" said al-Rashid. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_67

Later, al-Rashid found the opportunity to question him, asking why he had permitted people to ascribe him to Muhammad and to call him: "O Sons of Allah's Apostle", while he was actually the son of Ali, and that one is ascribed to his father, and that Fatimah, his mother, was a container, and that Muhammad was his grandfather on the side of his mother. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_68

The Imam replied, asking "If the Prophet was raised from the dead and proposed to your daughter, would you respond to him?" Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_69

"Rather I would through that pride myself on the Arabs, the non-Arabs, and Quraysh," answered al-Rashid. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_70

"But he would not propose (to my daughter) and I would not marry (her) to him," said the Imam, "because he begot me and did not beget you." Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_71

Al-Rashid, however, was not satisfied with this answer, insisting that "the progeny belongs to the male and not to the female", and that the Imams were Muhammad's daughter's children. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_72

The Imam quoted from the Quran, stating that in the Quran, God had said: "and of his descendants, David and Solomon, Job, Joseph, Moses and Aaron; and thus do We reward those who do good. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_73

And Zechariah and John the Baptist, and Jesus and Elias: All in the company of the righteous" "Who is Jesus's father, O Commander of the faithful?" Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_74

asked the Imam. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_75

"Jesus had no father," said al-Rashid. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_76

The Imam argued that God had ascribed Jesus to the descendants of the prophets through Mary; "similarly, we have been ascribed to the descendants of the Prophet through our mother Fatimah," said the Imam. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_77

Nevertheless, al-Rashid asked the Imam to give him more evidence and proof, so he put forward another quote from the Quran, reciting the verse: "But whoever disputes with you in this matter after what has come to you of knowledge, then say: Come, let us call our sons and your sons and our women and your women and ourselves and yourselves, then let us be earnest in prayer, and pray for the curse of Allah on the liars." Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_78

Then he said: "None claims that the Prophet made someone enter under the cloak when he challenged the Christians to a contest of prayer to God (mubahala) except Ali, Fatimah, al-Hasan, and al-Husayn. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_79

Therefore the explanation of the verse is: Our sons are al-Hasan and al-Husayn; our women is Fatimah; ourselves is Ali." Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_80

With Bishr al-Hafi Musa al-Kadhim_section_5

Another incident concerns Bishr al-Hafi, who led a Bacchic life. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_81

Once in the midst of the noise, music, alcoholic drink and frivolity, Musa al-Kadhim happened to pass by his house in Baghdad. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_82

Al-Kadhim saw a slave girl coming out of the house carrying some sweepings. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_83

He turned to the slave and asked her: "Is the owner of this house free or a servant?" Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_84

"He is free," she replied. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_85

"You are right," responded Musa al-Kadhim, "if he was a servant, he would fear his Lord." Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_86

The slave girl came into the house while al-Hafi was still at the wine table: "What delayed you?" Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_87

asked al-Hafi. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_88

She informed him of what had happened between her and the Imam. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_89

It is said that al-Hafi rushed to the door barefooted but the Imam had already left, so he left in search of the Imam, and when he found him, asked him to repeat his words. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_90

Al-Hafi was so taken aback by the Imam's words that he fell on the ground and began to cry. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_91

"No, I am a slave, I am a slave." Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_92

From then on, he would walk without shoes and people would call him Bishr al-Hafi (The barefooted one). Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_93

When asked why he did not wear shoes, he would say that he was guided while he was barefoot, so he would remain in that condition till death. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_94

With a monk Musa al-Kadhim_section_6

A final incident concerned Al-Abbas (born Hilal al-Shami), who said to Musa al-Kadhim that people admired those who ate simple food, wore coarse clothes, and showed reverence. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_95

For that reason, the Imam reminded him of Joseph, who had been a prophet; however, Joseph had worn silk mantles decorated with gold, and sat on the thrones of the Pharaohs. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_96

"The people were in no need of his clothes, but they were in need of his justice," said the Imam. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_97

"An Imam is required to be just and fair; when he says something, he says the truth; when he promises something, he fulfills his promise; when he passes a judgement, he judges equitably. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_98

Allah has not forbidden wearing a particular type of clothes or eating a particular type of food earned through a lawful way; rather He has forbidden the unlawful, little or much." Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_99

Then he recited the verse: "Say: Who has forbidden the beautiful (gifts) of Allah which He has produced for His servants, and the agreeable things of the sustenance." Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_100

Imprisonments and death Musa al-Kadhim_section_7

First imprisonment Musa al-Kadhim_section_8

Musa al-Kadhim was imprisoned multiple times during his lifetime. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_101

The first time, Caliph al-Mahdi had him arrested and brought to Baghdad. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_102

According to Ibn Khallikan, "This Caliph had a dream in which Ali ibn Abu Talib appeared to him and said, 'O Muhammad, were ye ready therefore, if ye had been put in authority, to commit evil in the earth, and to violate the ties of blood?'" Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_103

Al-Fadl ibn al-Rabi' says: "He sent for me at night and that put me in great dread. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_104

I went to him and found him chanting the above verse and no man had a finer voice than he. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_105

He said to me, 'Bring me Musa ibn Ja'far.' Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_106

I did so and he embraced him, seated him by his side and said to him, 'Abul-Hasan, I have just seen in a dream the Commander of the Faithful, Ali ibn Abu Talib, and he has recited to me such and such a verse; give me the assurance that you will not revolt against me or against any of my children.' Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_107

He answered, 'By Allah, I am incapable of revolting.' Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_108

'You say the truth!' Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_109

replied the Caliph, 'give him three thousand pieces of gold and restore him to his family in Medina.' Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_110

I arranged the affair of his departure that very night, lest some obstacle might turn up, and before morning the man was on his journey." Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_111

Second imprisonment Musa al-Kadhim_section_9

Al-Kadhim's second imprisonment was a result of his argument with al-Rashid over descent from Muhammad. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_112

Al-Khuzai, the head of the palace guards, narrated a dream the Caliph supposedly had, which made him release the Imam: "A messenger came to me from al-Rashid," he said, "at an hour in which I never before received his visits; he pulled me from the place where I was and would not even allow me to change my clothes. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_113

This put me in great fear. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_114

When I arrived at the palace, I found the Caliph sitting up in his bed. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_115

I saluted him, but he kept silent for some time; so my mind was much troubled and my fears greatly augmented. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_116

At length he said, 'Do you know why I sent for you at such an hour?' Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_117

I answered, 'By Allah, I do not, Commander of the Faithful.' Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_118

'Know,' said he, 'that I just had a dream in which it seemed to me as if an Abyssinian came to me with a javelin in his hand and said to me: "Let Musa ibn Ja'far be set at liberty this very hour, otherwise I shall slay thee with this javelin." Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_119

Do you therefore go and get him set free.' Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_120

I replied, 'Commander of the Faithful, shall I then liberate Musa the son of Ja'far?' Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_121

'Yes,' said he, 'go and set Musa ibn Ja'far at liberty. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_122

Give him thirty thousand dirhems and say to him in my name, if you would like to remain with us you will obtain from me whatever you desire, but if you prefer going to Medina you have permission to do so.' Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_123

I went to the prison and found the Imam waiting for me. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_124

'Whilst I was asleep,' he said, 'behold the Apostle of God came to me and said, O Musa, thou hast been imprisoned unjustly; so recite the words I am going to repeat to thee, for assuredly thou shalt not pass all this night in prison.'" Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_125

Final imprisonment Musa al-Kadhim_section_10

Al-Fakhri states the reason for his final imprisonment was that "there were some of the relatives of Musa ibn Ja'far who were envious of him and carried false reports about him to al-Rashid, saying, 'The people are paying him the Khums, or one-fifth of their property, on accepting the Imamah, and he is about to come forth against you.' Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_126

They brought this report to al-Rashid so frequently that it made him anxious and agitated. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_127

In that year al-Rashid went on the pilgrimage, and when he arrived in Medina, he arrested Musa ibn Ja'far, and brought him to Baghdad in a litter, and imprisoned him under the care of al-Sindi ibn Sha'hik." Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_128

Al-Fakhri adds "Al-Rashid was at Rakka when he sent orders that the Imam should be put to death. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_129

They then brought a number of reputable men to Karkh to act as coroners and to testify publicly that he had died a natural death. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_130

He, then, was buried in the cemetery of Quraish on the south side of Baghdad." Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_131

The implication made by the Shi'a is that he was poisoned. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_132

It was narrated that he was tortured for many years during each stay in prison. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_133

The most severe imprisonment was under Sindhi. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_134

It was narrated that he used to put him in a grave-like jail, where it would be difficult to distinguish night from day. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_135

It is narrated that Imam Musa Kadhim used to put his nose near the door in hopes of breathing but Sindhi would slam the door violently, injuring him severely. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_136

He was then eventually poisoned by dates and was forced to eat them by Sindhi. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_137

The place he was buried was a cemetery, but soon this place became the focus of pilgrimage to the grave of the Imam. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_138

A town grew around the graveyard. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_139

The name of the town became Kadhimiya (the town of the Imam Kadhim). Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_140

A reputed school of theology was founded in this town; the school is still a source of learning for many students from all over the world. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_141

Selected sayings Musa al-Kadhim_section_11

Musa al-Kadhim_unordered_list_0

  • "Allah has two proofs over men: outward proof and inward one. As for the outward proof, it is the messengers, the prophets, and the Imams. As for the inward proof, it is reason."Musa al-Kadhim_item_0_0
  • "Little work from a scholar is doubly accepted; much work from the men of low desire and ignorance is refused."Musa al-Kadhim_item_0_1
  • "Try hard that your time may be four hours: one hour is for supplicating Allah, one hour for the affairs of the livelihood, one hour for associating with the brothers (friends) and the reliable ones who let you know your defects and who are inwardly loyal to you, and one hour for that you are alone with yourselves (and) for non-forbidden things. Through this hour you have power over the three hours."Musa al-Kadhim_item_0_2
  • "Tell yourselves of neither poverty nor a long lifetime, for whoever tells himself of poverty becomes miserly. Whoever tells himself of a long lifetime becomes greedy."Musa al-Kadhim_item_0_3
  • The generous and polite is under the protection of Allah; He does not leave him until He makes him enter the Garden. Allah sends out none as a prophet except the generous.Musa al-Kadhim_item_0_4
  • "Misfortune is one for the patient and two for the impatient."Musa al-Kadhim_item_0_5
  • "Silence is among the doors to wisdom; it brings about love and is a proof of all good things."Musa al-Kadhim_item_0_6
  • "Good neighbor is not refraining from harm, but good neighbor is showing patience toward harm."Musa al-Kadhim_item_0_7
  • "O , the Commander of the faithful, peace be on him, has said: 'Allah is not served through a thing better than reason. Man's reason is not perfect unless it has various qualities: unbelief and evil from him are safe. Reason and good from him are hoped. The surplus of his money is spent. The surplus of his speech is prevented. His share of the world is only daily bread. ... Abasement along with Allah is more beloved to him than exaltedness along with other than Him. Humbleness is more beloved to him than high rank. He regards as much the little good from other than him and as little his own good. He sees all men better than him, and that he is the most wicked of them in his soul."Musa al-Kadhim_item_0_8
  • When Harun al-Rashid, threw him into the dark cells of prisons, he thanked Allah, saying: "O Allah, you know that I used to ask You to give me free time to worship You. O Allah, You have done that. To You be praise."Musa al-Kadhim_item_0_9
  • "How base is the world for people, unless God give them joy; and how great is this life, if God is not angry with them."Musa al-Kadhim_item_0_10

Commemoration Musa al-Kadhim_section_12

The Festival of Imam Musa al Kadhim is a Twelver Shia Muslim festival dedicated to the memory of the Imam Musa al-Kadhim. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_142

It occurs on the seventh day of the month of Rajab in the Islamic calendar. Musa al-Kadhim_sentence_143

See also Musa al-Kadhim_section_13

Musa al-Kadhim_unordered_list_1

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