Music recording certification

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"Double Platinum", "Gold Record", and "Golden Record" redirect here. Music recording certification_sentence_0

For other uses, see Double Platinum (disambiguation) and Gold Record (disambiguation). Music recording certification_sentence_1

Music recording certification is a system of certifying that a music recording has shipped, sold, or streamed a certain number of units. Music recording certification_sentence_2

The threshold quantity varies by type (such as album, single, music video) and by nation or territory (see List of music recording certifications). Music recording certification_sentence_3

Almost all countries follow variations of the RIAA certification categories, which are named after precious materials (gold, platinum and diamond). Music recording certification_sentence_4

The threshold required for these awards depends upon the population of the territory where the recording is released. Music recording certification_sentence_5

Typically, they are awarded only to international releases and are awarded individually for each country where the album is sold. Music recording certification_sentence_6

Different sales levels, some perhaps 10 times greater than others, may exist for different music media (for example: videos versus albums, singles, or music download). Music recording certification_sentence_7

History Music recording certification_section_0

The original gold and silver record awards were presented to artists by their own record companies to publicize their sales achievements. Music recording certification_sentence_8

The first silver disc was awarded by Regal Zonophone to George Formby in December 1937 for sales of 100,000 copies of "The Window Cleaner". Music recording certification_sentence_9

The first gold disc was awarded by RCA Victor (under division imprint Bluebird Records) to Glenn Miller and His Orchestra in February 1942, celebrating the sale of 1.2 million copies of the single, "Chattanooga Choo Choo". Music recording certification_sentence_10

Another example of a company award is the gold record awarded to Elvis Presley in 1956 for one million units sold of his single "Don't Be Cruel" or Decca’s gold record to Jerry Lewis for "Rock-a-Bye Your Baby with a Dixie Melody". Music recording certification_sentence_11

The first gold record for an LP was awarded by RCA Victor to Harry Belafonte in 1957 for the album Calypso (1956), the first album to sell over 1,000,000 copies in RCA's reckoning. Music recording certification_sentence_12

At the industry level, in 1958 the Recording Industry Association of America introduced its gold record award program for records of any kind, albums or singles, which achieved one million dollars in retail sales. Music recording certification_sentence_13

These sales were restricted to U.S.-based record companies and did not include exports to other countries. Music recording certification_sentence_14

For albums in 1968, this would mean shipping approximately 250,000 units; for singles the number would be higher due to their lower retail price. Music recording certification_sentence_15

The platinum certification was introduced in 1976 for the sale of one million units for albums and two million for singles, with the gold certification redefined to mean sales of 500,000 units for albums and one million for singles. Music recording certification_sentence_16

No album was certified platinum prior to this year. Music recording certification_sentence_17

For instance, the recording by Van Cliburn of the Tchaikovsky Piano Concerto from 1958 would eventually be awarded a platinum citation, but this would not happen until two decades after its release. Music recording certification_sentence_18

In 1999, the diamond certification was introduced for sales of ten million units. Music recording certification_sentence_19

In the late 1980s, the certification thresholds for singles were dropped to match that of albums. Music recording certification_sentence_20

RIAA certification Music recording certification_section_1

Main article: RIAA certification Music recording certification_sentence_21

The first official designation of a "gold record" by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) was established for singles in 1958, and the RIAA also trademarked the term "gold record" in the United States. Music recording certification_sentence_22

On 14 March 1958, the RIAA certified its first gold record, Perry Como's hit single "Catch a Falling Star". Music recording certification_sentence_23

The Oklahoma! Music recording certification_sentence_24

soundtrack was certified as the first gold album four months later. Music recording certification_sentence_25

In 1976, RIAA introduced the platinum certification, first awarded to the Eagles compilation album Their Greatest Hits (1971–1975) on 24 February 1976, and to Johnnie Taylor's single "Disco Lady" on 22 April 1976. Music recording certification_sentence_26

As music sales increased with the introduction of compact discs, the RIAA created the Multi-Platinum award in 1984. Music recording certification_sentence_27

Diamond awards, honoring those artists whose sales of singles or albums reached 10,000,000 copies, were introduced in 1999. Music recording certification_sentence_28

In the 20th century, and for a part of the first decade of the 21st, it was common for distributors to claim certifications based on their shipments – wholesale to retail outlets – which led to many certifications which outstripped the actual final retail sales figures. Music recording certification_sentence_29

This became much less common once the majority of retail sales became paid digital downloads and digital streaming. Music recording certification_sentence_30

Digital media certification Music recording certification_section_2

In most countries, certifications no longer apply solely to physical media but now also include sales awards recognizing digital downloads (in the US and UK since 2004). Music recording certification_sentence_31

In June 2006, the RIAA also certified the ringtone downloads of songs. Music recording certification_sentence_32

Streaming from on-demand services such as Apple Music, Spotify, Tidal and Napster has been included into existing digital certification in the US since 2013, and the UK and Germany since 2014. Music recording certification_sentence_33

In the US and Germany, video streaming services like YouTube, VEVO, and Yahoo! Music recording certification_sentence_34 Music also began to be counted towards the certification, in both cases using the formula of 100 streams being equivalent to one download. Music recording certification_sentence_35

Other countries, such as Denmark and Spain, maintain separate awards for digital download singles and streaming. Music recording certification_sentence_36

IFPI certification Music recording certification_section_3

The International Federation of the Phonographic Industry (IFPI) was founded in 1996, and grants the IFPI Platinum Europe Award for album sales over one million within Europe and (as of October 2009) the Middle East. Music recording certification_sentence_37

Multi-platinum Europe Awards are presented for sales in subsequent multiples of one million. Music recording certification_sentence_38

Eligibility is unaffected by time (from date of release), and is not restricted to European-based artists. Music recording certification_sentence_39

IMPALA certification Music recording certification_section_4

The Independent Music Companies Association (IMPALA) was founded in April 2000 to grow the independent music sector and promote independent music in the interests of artistic, entrepreneurial and cultural diversity. Music recording certification_sentence_40

IMPALA launched sales awards in 2005 as the first sales awards recognising that success on a pan-European basis begins well before sales reach one million. Music recording certification_sentence_41

The award levels are Silver (20,000+), Double Silver (40,000+), Gold (75,000+), Double Gold (150,000+), Diamond (200,000+), Platinum (400,000+) and Double Platinum (800,000+). Music recording certification_sentence_42

Certification thresholds Music recording certification_section_5

Main article: List of music recording certifications Music recording certification_sentence_43

Below are certification thresholds for the United States, United Kingdom, Canada and France. Music recording certification_sentence_44

The numbers in the tables are in terms of "units", where a unit represents one sale or one shipment of a given medium. Music recording certification_sentence_45

Certification is often awarded cumulatively, and it is possible for a single album to be certified silver, gold, and platinum in turn. Music recording certification_sentence_46

An album that becomes Platinum twice over, for example, an album which has sold 2,000,000 copies in the United States, is said to be "Double-Platinum", or sometimes "Multi-Platinum". Music recording certification_sentence_47

Since 2013 in the U.S., and 2014 in the UK and Germany, streaming of songs counts towards certification of singles with 150 streams being the equivalent of 1 unit sold. Music recording certification_sentence_48

Since February 2016, RIAA includes on-demand audio and video streams and a track sale equivalent in Gold and Platinum Album Award. Music recording certification_sentence_49

The program will count both sales and streams for single and album certifications. Music recording certification_sentence_50

Manufacture of awards Music recording certification_section_6

The plaques themselves contain various items under the glass. Music recording certification_sentence_51

Modern awards often use CDs instead of records. Music recording certification_sentence_52

Most gold and platinum records are actually vinyl records which have been vacuum metallized and tinted, while trimmed and plated metal "masters", "mothers", or "stampers" (metal parts used for pressing records out of vinyl) were initially used. Music recording certification_sentence_53

The music in the grooves on the record may not match the actual recording being awarded. Music recording certification_sentence_54

Individual plaque-makers produced their awards according to available materials and techniques employed by their graphic arts departments. Music recording certification_sentence_55

The plaques, depending on size and elaborateness of design, cost anywhere between US$135 and $275, most often ordered and purchased by the record label that issued the original recording. Music recording certification_sentence_56

See also Music recording certification_section_7

Music recording certification_unordered_list_0

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: recording certification.