For other uses, see Musician (disambiguation).
"Instrumentalist" redirects here.
For the philosophical position on science, see Instrumentalism.
A musician is a person who plays a musical instrument or is musically talented.
Anyone who composes, conducts, or performs music is referred to as a musician.
A musician who plays a musical instrument is also known as an instrumentalist.
A person who is able to play a number of instruments is called a multi-instrumentalist.
A musician may perform on their own (a soloist) or as part of a group, band or orchestra.
Musicians can specialize in any musical style, and some musicians play in a variety of different styles depending on cultures and background.
Musicians by era
Further information: Medieval music
- Phillipe de Vitry
- Guillaume Dufay
- Guillaume de Machaut
- Hildegard of Bingen
- John Jenkins
- Beatritz de Dia
Further information: Renaissance music
Renaissance musicians produced music that could be played during masses in churches and important chapels.
By the end of the 16th century, however, patronage split among many areas: the Catholic Church, Protestant churches, royal courts, wealthy amateurs, and music printing—all provided income sources for composers.
Further information: Baroque music
Vocal and instrumental "color" became more important compared with the Renaissance style of music, and emphasized much of the volume, texture and pace of each piece.
Further information: Classical music
Classical music was created by musicians who lived during a time of a rising middle class.
Many middle-class inhabitants of France at the time lived under long-time absolute monarchies.
Further information: Romantic music
The foundation of Romantic period music coincides with what is often called the age of revolutions, an age of upheavals in political, economic, social, and military traditions.
This age included the initial transformations of the Industrial Revolution.
A revolutionary energy was also at the core of Romanticism, which quite consciously set out to transform not only the theory and practice of poetry and art, but the common perception of the world.
Some major Romantic Period precepts survive, and still affect modern culture.
- Ludwig van Beethoven
- Frédéric Chopin
- Franz Schubert
- Niccolò Paganini
- Franz Liszt
- Charles-Valentin Alkan
- Richard Wagner
- Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
- Johannes Brahms
- Johann Strauss II
20th to 21st centuries
Further information: 20th-century music
In 20th-century music, composers and musicians rejected the emotion-dominated Romantic period, and strove to represent the world the way they perceived it.
Musicians wrote to be "...objective, while objects existed on their own terms.
While past eras concentrated on spirituality, this new period placed emphasis on physicality and things that were concrete."
- Tour manager
- Musicians' or 'Hi-Fi' earplugs
- Health problems of musicians Health problems of musicians
Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Musician.