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For other uses, see Musician (disambiguation). Musician_sentence_0

"Instrumentalist" redirects here. Musician_sentence_1

For the philosophical position on science, see Instrumentalism. Musician_sentence_2

A musician is a person who plays a musical instrument or is musically talented. Musician_sentence_3

Anyone who composes, conducts, or performs music is referred to as a musician. Musician_sentence_4

A musician who plays a musical instrument is also known as an instrumentalist. Musician_sentence_5

A person who is able to play a number of instruments is called a multi-instrumentalist. Musician_sentence_6

A musician may perform on their own (a soloist) or as part of a group, band or orchestra. Musician_sentence_7

Musicians can specialize in any musical style, and some musicians play in a variety of different styles depending on cultures and background. Musician_sentence_8

Examples of a musician's possible skills include performing, conducting, singing, rapping, producing, composing, arranging, and the orchestration of music. Musician_sentence_9

Musicians by era Musician_section_0

Medieval Musician_section_1

Further information: Medieval music Musician_sentence_10

In the Middle Ages, instrumental musicians performed with soft ensembles inside and loud instruments outdoors. Musician_sentence_11

Many European musicians of this time catered to the Roman Catholic Church, and they provided arrangements structured around Gregorian chant structure and Masses from church texts. Musician_sentence_12

Notable musicians Musician_sentence_13


Renaissance Musician_section_2

Further information: Renaissance music Musician_sentence_14

Renaissance musicians produced music that could be played during masses in churches and important chapels. Musician_sentence_15

Vocal pieces were in Latin—the language of church texts of the time—and typically were Church-polyphonic or "made up of several simultaneous melodies." Musician_sentence_16

By the end of the 16th century, however, patronage split among many areas: the Catholic Church, Protestant churches, royal courts, wealthy amateurs, and music printing—all provided income sources for composers. Musician_sentence_17

Notable musicians Musician_sentence_18


Baroque Musician_section_3

Further information: Baroque music Musician_sentence_19

The Baroque period (about 1600 to 1750) introduced heavy use of counterpoint and basso continuo characteristics. Musician_sentence_20

Vocal and instrumental "color" became more important compared with the Renaissance style of music, and emphasized much of the volume, texture and pace of each piece. Musician_sentence_21

Notable musicians Musician_sentence_22


Classical Musician_section_4

Further information: Classical music Musician_sentence_23

Classical music was created by musicians who lived during a time of a rising middle class. Musician_sentence_24

Many middle-class inhabitants of France at the time lived under long-time absolute monarchies. Musician_sentence_25

Because of this, much of the music was performed in environments that were more constrained compared with the flourishing times of the Renaissance and Baroque eras. Musician_sentence_26

Notable musicians Musician_sentence_27


Romantic Musician_section_5

Further information: Romantic music Musician_sentence_28

The foundation of Romantic period music coincides with what is often called the age of revolutions, an age of upheavals in political, economic, social, and military traditions. Musician_sentence_29

This age included the initial transformations of the Industrial Revolution. Musician_sentence_30

A revolutionary energy was also at the core of Romanticism, which quite consciously set out to transform not only the theory and practice of poetry and art, but the common perception of the world. Musician_sentence_31

Some major Romantic Period precepts survive, and still affect modern culture. Musician_sentence_32

Notable musicians Musician_sentence_33


20th to 21st centuries Musician_section_6

Further information: 20th-century music Musician_sentence_34

The world transitioned from 19th-century Romanticism to 20th century Modernism, bringing major musical changes. Musician_sentence_35

In 20th-century music, composers and musicians rejected the emotion-dominated Romantic period, and strove to represent the world the way they perceived it. Musician_sentence_36

Musicians wrote to be "...objective, while objects existed on their own terms. Musician_sentence_37

While past eras concentrated on spirituality, this new period placed emphasis on physicality and things that were concrete." Musician_sentence_38

The advent of audio recording and mass media in the 20th century caused a boom of many kinds of music—pop, electronic, dance, rock, folk, country and all forms of classical music. Musician_sentence_39

See also Musician_section_7


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