Muslims

From Wikipedia for FEVERv2
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Not to be confused with the fabric Muslin. Muslims_sentence_0

For other uses, see Muslims (disambiguation). Muslims_sentence_1

Muslims_table_infobox_0

MuslimsMuslims_table_caption_0
Total populationMuslims_header_cell_0_0_0
FounderMuslims_header_cell_0_1_0
Regions with significant populationsMuslims_header_cell_0_2_0
IndonesiaMuslims_header_cell_0_3_0 236,800,000Muslims_cell_0_3_1
PakistanMuslims_header_cell_0_4_0 208,800,000Muslims_cell_0_4_1
IndiaMuslims_header_cell_0_5_0 194,600,000Muslims_cell_0_5_1
BangladeshMuslims_header_cell_0_6_0 151,900,000Muslims_cell_0_6_1
NigeriaMuslims_header_cell_0_7_0 99,100,000Muslims_cell_0_7_1
EgyptMuslims_header_cell_0_8_0 95,000,000Muslims_cell_0_8_1
IranMuslims_header_cell_0_9_0 82,900,000Muslims_cell_0_9_1
TurkeyMuslims_header_cell_0_10_0 82,800,000Muslims_cell_0_10_1
ChinaMuslims_header_cell_0_11_0 60,000,000—80,000,000Muslims_cell_0_11_1
AlgeriaMuslims_header_cell_0_12_0 42,000,000Muslims_cell_0_12_1
ReligionsMuslims_header_cell_0_13_0
ScripturesMuslims_header_cell_0_14_0
LanguagesMuslims_header_cell_0_15_0

Muslims are people who follow or practice Islam, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion. Muslims_sentence_2

Muslims consider the Quran, their holy book, to be the verbatim word of God as revealed to the Islamic prophet and messenger Muhammad. Muslims_sentence_3

The majority of Muslims also follow the teachings and practices of Muhammad (sunnah) as recorded in traditional accounts (hadith). Muslims_sentence_4

The derivation of "Muslim" is from an Arabic word meaning "submitter" (to God). Muslims_sentence_5

The beliefs of Muslims include: that God (Arabic: الله‎ Allāh) is eternal, transcendent and absolutely one (tawhid); that God is incomparable, self-sustaining and neither begets nor was begotten; that Islam is the complete and universal version of a primordial faith that has been revealed before through many prophets including Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Moses, and Jesus; that these previous messages and revelations have been partially changed or corrupted over time (tahrif) and that the Quran is the final unaltered revelation from God. Muslims_sentence_6

As of 2015, 1.8 billion or about 24.1% of the world population are Muslims. Muslims_sentence_7

By the percentage of the total population in a region considering themselves Muslim, 91% in the Middle EastNorth Africa (MENA), 81% in Central Asia, 65% in the Caucasus, 40% in Southeast Asia, 31% in South Asia, 30% in Sub-Saharan Africa, 25% in AsiaOceania, around 6% in Europe, and 1% in the Americas. Muslims_sentence_8

Most Muslims are of one of two denominations; Sunni (75–90%) and Shia. Muslims_sentence_9

About 13% of Muslims live in Indonesia, the largest Muslim-majority country; 31% of Muslims live in South Asia, the largest population of Muslims in the world; 20% in the Middle East–North Africa, where it is the dominant religion; and 15% in Sub-Saharan Africa. Muslims_sentence_10

Muslims are the overwhelming majority in Central Asia, the majority in the Caucasus and widespread in Southeast Asia. Muslims_sentence_11

India is the country with the largest Muslim population outside Muslim-majority countries. Muslims_sentence_12

Sizeable Muslim communities are also found in the Americas, China, and Europe. Muslims_sentence_13

Islam is the fastest-growing major religion in the world. Muslims_sentence_14

Qualifier Muslims_section_0

The religious practices of Muslims are enumerated in the Five Pillars of Islam: the declaration of faith (shahadah), daily prayers (salah), fasting during the month of Ramadan (sawm), almsgiving (zakat), and the pilgrimage to Mecca (hajj) at least once in a lifetime. Muslims_sentence_15

To become a Muslim and to convert to Islam, it is essential to utter the Shahada, one of the Five Pillars of Islam, a declaration of faith and trust that professes that there is only one God (Allah) and that Muhammad is God's messenger. Muslims_sentence_16

It is a set statement normally recited in Arabic: ašhadu ʾal-lā ʾilāha ʾillā-llāhu wa ʾašhadu ʾanna muħammadan rasūlu-llāh (أشهد أن لا إله إلا الله وأشهد أن محمداً رسول الله) "I testify that there is no god [worthy of worship] except Allah and Muhammad is the messenger of Allah." Muslims_sentence_17

In Sunni Islam, the shahada has two parts: la ilaha illa'llah (there is no god but Allah), and Muhammadun rasul Allah (Muhammad is the messenger of God), which are sometimes referred to as the first shahada and the second shahada. Muslims_sentence_18

The first statement of the shahada is also known as the tahlīl. Muslims_sentence_19

In Shia Islam, the shahada also has a third part, a phrase concerning Ali, the first Shia Imam and the fourth Rashid caliph of Sunni Islam: وعليٌ وليُّ الله (wa ʿalīyyun walīyyu-llāh), which translates to "Ali is the wali of God". Muslims_sentence_20

Etymology Muslims_section_1

See also: Islam § Etymology Muslims_sentence_21

The word muslim (Arabic: مسلم‎, IPA: [ˈmʊslɪm; English: /ˈmʌzlɪm/, /ˈmʊzlɪm/, /ˈmʊslɪm/ or moslem /ˈmɒzləm/, /ˈmɒsləm/) is the active participle of the same verb of which islām is a verbal noun, based on the triliteral S-L-M "to be whole, intact". Muslims_sentence_22

A female adherent is a muslima (Arabic: مسلمة‎) (also transliterated as "Muslimah" ). Muslims_sentence_23

The plural form in Arabic is muslimūn (مسلمون) or muslimīn (مسلمين), and its feminine equivalent is muslimāt (مسلمات). Muslims_sentence_24

The ordinary word in English is "Muslim". Muslims_sentence_25

The word Mosalman (Persian: مسلمان‎, alternatively Mussalman) is a common equivalent for Muslim used in Central and South Asia. Muslims_sentence_26

In English it was sometimes spelled Mussulman and has become archaic in usage. Muslims_sentence_27

Until at least the mid-1960s, many English-language writers used the term Mohammedans or Mahometans. Muslims_sentence_28

Although such terms were not necessarily intended to be pejorative, Muslims argue that the terms are offensive because they allegedly imply that Muslims worship Muhammad rather than God. Muslims_sentence_29

Other obsolete terms include Muslimite and Muslimist. Muslims_sentence_30

Meaning Muslims_section_2

The Muslim philosopher Ibn Arabi said: Muslims_sentence_31

Other prophets Muslims_section_3

The Qur'an describes many prophets and messengers within Judaism and Christianity, and their respective followers, as Muslim: Adam, Noah, Abraham, Ishmael, Jacob, Moses, and Jesus and his apostles are all considered to be Muslims in the Qur'an. Muslims_sentence_32

The Qur'an states that these men were Muslims because they submitted to God, preached His message and upheld His values, which included praying, charity, fasting and pilgrimage. Muslims_sentence_33

Thus, in Surah 3:52 of the Qur'an, Jesus' disciples tell him, "We believe in God; and you be our witness that we are Muslims (wa-shahad be anna muslimūn)." Muslims_sentence_34

In Muslim belief, before the Qur'an, God had given the Tawrat (Torah) to Moses, the Zabur (Psalms) to David and the Injil (Gospel) to Jesus, who are all considered important Muslim prophets. Muslims_sentence_35

Demographics Muslims_section_4

Main article: Islam § Demographics Muslims_sentence_36

See also: List of countries by Muslim population Muslims_sentence_37

The most populous Muslim-majority country is Indonesia, home to 12.7% of the world's Muslims, followed by Pakistan (11.0%), Bangladesh (9.2%), and Egypt (4.9%). Muslims_sentence_38

About 20% of the world's Muslims live in the Middle East and North Africa. Muslims_sentence_39

Sizable minorities are also found in India, China, Ethiopia, the Americas, Australia and parts of Europe. Muslims_sentence_40

The country with the highest proportion of self-described Muslims as a proportion of its total population is Morocco. Muslims_sentence_41

Over 75–90% of Muslims are Sunni. Muslims_sentence_42

The second and third largest sects, Shia and Ahmadiyya, make up 10–20%, and 1% respectively. Muslims_sentence_43

With about 1.8 billion followers (2019), almost a quarter of earth's population, Islam is the second-largest and the fastest-growing religion in the world. Muslims_sentence_44

due primarily to the young age and high fertility rate of Muslims, with Muslim having a rate of (3.1) compared to the world average of (2.5). Muslims_sentence_45

According to the same study, religious switching has no impact on Muslim population, since the number of people who embrace Islam and those who leave Islam are roughly equal. Muslims_sentence_46

A Pew Center study in 2016 found that Muslims have the highest number of adherents under the age of 15 (or 34% of the total Muslim population) of any major religion, while only 7% are aged 60+ (the smallest percentage of any major religion). Muslims_sentence_47

According to the same study, Muslims have the highest fertility rates (3.1) of any major religious group. Muslims_sentence_48

The study also found that Muslims (tied with Hindus) have the lowest average levels of education with an average of 5.6 years of schooling, though both groups have made the largest gains in educational attainment in recent decades among major religions. Muslims_sentence_49

About 36% of all Muslims have no formal schooling, and Muslims have the lowest average levels of higher education of any major religious group, with only 8% having graduate and post-graduate degrees. Muslims_sentence_50

Culture Muslims_section_5

Main article: Islamic culture Muslims_sentence_51

Muslim culture or Islamic culture are terms used to describe the cultural practices common to Muslims and historically Islamic people. Muslims_sentence_52

The early forms of Muslim culture, from the Rashidun Caliphate to early Umayyad period, were predominantly Arab, Byzantine, Persian and Levantine. Muslims_sentence_53

With the rapid expansion of the Islamic empires, Muslim culture has influenced and assimilated much from the Persian, Egyptian, Caucasian, Turkic, Mongol, South Asian, Malay, Somali, Berber, Indonesian, and Moro cultures. Muslims_sentence_54

See also Muslims_section_6

Muslims_unordered_list_0


Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muslims.