NME

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Not to be confused with the Canadian music magazine Music Express. NME_sentence_0

For other uses, see NME (disambiguation). NME_sentence_1

NME_table_infobox_0

New Musical ExpressNME_table_caption_0
EditorNME_header_cell_0_0_0 Charlotte Gunn (2018–present)NME_cell_0_0_1
CategoriesNME_header_cell_0_1_0 Music website and formerly magazineNME_cell_0_1_1
FrequencyNME_header_cell_0_2_0 WeeklyNME_cell_0_2_1
CirculationNME_header_cell_0_3_0 289,432 (ABC Jul – Dec 2017)

Print editionNME_cell_0_3_1

FounderNME_header_cell_0_4_0 Theodore InghamNME_cell_0_4_1
Year foundedNME_header_cell_0_5_0 1952; 68 years ago (1952)NME_cell_0_5_1
First issueNME_header_cell_0_6_0 7 March 1952NME_cell_0_6_1
Final issueNME_header_cell_0_7_0 9 March 2018 (Print)

Ongoing (Digital)NME_cell_0_7_1

CompanyNME_header_cell_0_8_0 BandLab TechnologiesNME_cell_0_8_1
CountryNME_header_cell_0_9_0 United KingdomNME_cell_0_9_1
Based inNME_header_cell_0_10_0 Southwark, London, EnglandNME_cell_0_10_1
LanguageNME_header_cell_0_11_0 EnglishNME_cell_0_11_1
WebsiteNME_header_cell_0_12_0 NME_cell_0_12_1
ISSNNME_header_cell_0_13_0 NME_cell_0_13_1

New Musical Express (NME) is a British music, film and culture website and brand which has been around since 1952. NME_sentence_2

Originally a newspaper, with the publication being referred to as a 'rock inkie', the NME would become a magazine that ended up as a free publication, before becoming an online brand which includes its website and radio stations. NME_sentence_3

As a 'rock inkie', it was the first British newspaper to include a singles chart, in the edition of 14 November 1952. NME_sentence_4

In the 1970s, it became the best-selling British music newspaper. NME_sentence_5

From 1972 to 1976, it was particularly associated with gonzo journalism then became closely associated with punk rock through the writings of Julie Burchill, Paul Morley, and Tony Parsons. NME_sentence_6

It started as a music newspaper, and gradually moved toward a magazine format during the 1980s and 1990s, changing from newsprint in 1998. NME_sentence_7

The magazine's website NME.com was launched in 1996, and became the world's biggest standalone music site, with over sixteen million users per month. NME_sentence_8

With newsstand sales falling across the UK magazine sector, the magazine's paid circulation in the first half of 2014 was 15,830. NME_sentence_9

In 2013, its list of the "500 Greatest Albums of All Time" and the way it was conceived was criticized by the media. NME_sentence_10

In September 2015, the NME magazine was relaunched to be distributed nationally as a free publication. NME_sentence_11

The first average circulation published in February 2016 of 307,217 copies per week was the highest in the brand's history, beating the previous best of 306,881, recorded in 1964 at the height of the Beatles' fame. NME_sentence_12

By December 2017, according to the Audit Bureau of Circulations, average distribution of NME had fallen to 289,432 copies a week, although its then-publisher Time Inc. UK claimed to have more than 13 million global unique users per month, including 3 million in the UK. NME_sentence_13

In March 2018, the publisher announced that the print edition of NME would cease publication after 66 years and become an online-only publication. NME_sentence_14

NME was acquired in 2019 by Singaporean music company BandLab Technologies. NME_sentence_15

NME's headquarters are in Southwark, London, England. NME_sentence_16

The brand's most recent editor is Charlotte Gunn, replacing Mike Williams, who stepped down in February 2018. NME_sentence_17

History NME_section_0

The paper was established in 1952. NME_sentence_18

The Accordion Times and Musical Express was bought by London music promoter Maurice Kinn for £1,000, just 15 minutes before it was due to be officially closed. NME_sentence_19

It was relaunched as the New Musical Express, and was initially published in a non-glossy tabloid format on standard newsprint. NME_sentence_20

On 14 November 1952, taking its cue from the US magazine Billboard, it created the first UK Singles Chart, a list of the Top Twelve best-selling singles. NME_sentence_21

The first of these was, in contrast to more recent charts, a top twelve sourced by the magazine itself from sales in regional stores around the UK. NME_sentence_22

The first number one was "Here in My Heart" by Al Martino. NME_sentence_23

1960s NME_section_1

During the 1960s, the paper championed the new British groups emerging at the time. NME_sentence_24

The NME circulation peaked under Andy Gray (editor 1957–1972) with a figure of 306,881 for the period from January to June 1964. NME_sentence_25

The Beatles and the Rolling Stones were frequently featured on the front cover. NME_sentence_26

These and other artists also appeared at the NME Poll Winners' Concert, an awards event that featured artists voted as most popular by the paper's readers. NME_sentence_27

The concert also featured a ceremony where the poll winners would collect their awards. NME_sentence_28

The NME Poll Winners' Concerts took place between 1959 and 1972. NME_sentence_29

From 1964 onwards, they were filmed, edited, and transmitted on British television a few weeks after they had taken place. NME_sentence_30

In the mid-1960s, the NME was primarily dedicated to pop while its older rival, Melody Maker, was known for its more serious coverage of music. NME_sentence_31

Other competing titles included Record Mirror, which led the way in championing American rhythm and blues, and Disc, which focused on chart news. NME_sentence_32

The latter part of the decade the paper charted the rise of psychedelia and the continued dominance of British groups of the time. NME_sentence_33

During this period some sections of pop music began to be designated as rock. NME_sentence_34

The paper became engaged in a sometimes tense rivalry with Melody Maker; however, NME sales were healthy, with the paper selling as many as 200,000 issues per week, making it one of the UK's biggest sellers at the time. NME_sentence_35

1970s NME_section_2

By the early 1970s, NME had lost ground to Melody Maker, as its coverage of music had failed to keep place with the development of rock music, particularly during the early years of psychedelia and progressive rock. NME_sentence_36

In early 1972, the paper was on the verge of closure by its owner IPC (which had bought the paper from Kinn in 1963). NME_sentence_37

According to Nick Kent (soon to play a prominent part in the paper's revival): NME_sentence_38

Alan Smith was made editor in 1972, and was told by IPC to turn things around quickly or face closure. NME_sentence_39

To achieve this, Smith and his assistant editor Nick Logan raided the underground press for writers such as Charles Shaar Murray and Nick Kent, and recruited other writers such as Tony Tyler, Ian MacDonald and Californian Danny Holloway. NME_sentence_40

According to The Economist, the New Musical Express "started to champion underground, up-and-coming music....NME became the gateway to a more rebellious world. NME_sentence_41

First came glamrock, and bands such as T. NME_sentence_42 Rex, and then came punk....by 1977 it had become the place to keep in touch with a cultural revolution that was enthralling the nation's listless youth. NME_sentence_43

Bands such as Sex Pistols, X-Ray Spex and Generation X were regular cover stars, eulogised by writers such as Julie Burchill and Tony Parsons, whose nihilistic tone narrated the punk years perfectly." NME_sentence_44

By the time Smith handed the editor's chair to Logan in mid-1973, the paper was selling nearly 300,000 copies per week and was outstripping Melody Maker, Disc, Record Mirror and Sounds. NME_sentence_45

According to MacDonald: NME_sentence_46

Led Zeppelin topped the "NME Pop Poll" for three consecutive years (1974–76) under the category of the best "Vocal Group". NME_sentence_47

In 1976, NME lambasted German pioneer electronic band Kraftwerk with this title: "This is what your fathers fought to save you from ..." The article said that the "electronic melodies flowed as slowly as a piece of garbage floating down the polluted Rhine". NME_sentence_48

The same year also saw punk rock arrive on what some people perceived to be a stagnant music scene. NME_sentence_49

The NME gave the Sex Pistols their first music press coverage in a live review of their performance at the Marquee in February that year, but overall it was slow to cover this new phenomenon in comparison to Sounds and Melody Maker, where Jonh Ingham and Caroline Coon respectively were early champions of punk. NME_sentence_50

Although articles by the likes of Mick Farren (whose article "The Titanic Sails at Dawn" called for a new street-led rock movement in response to stadium rock) were published by the NME that summer, it was felt that younger writing was needed to credibly cover the emerging punk movement, and the paper advertised for a pair of "hip young gunslingers" to join their editorial staff. NME_sentence_51

This resulted in the recruitment of Tony Parsons and Julie Burchill. NME_sentence_52

The pair rapidly became champions of the punk scene and created a new tone for the paper. NME_sentence_53

Parsons' time at NME is reflected in his 2005 novel Stories We Could Tell, about the misadventures of three young music-paper journalists on the night of 16 August 1977 – the night Elvis Presley died. NME_sentence_54

In 1978, Logan moved on, and his deputy Neil Spencer was made editor. NME_sentence_55

One of his earliest tasks was to oversee a redesign of the paper by Barney Bubbles, which included the logo still used on the paper's masthead today (albeit in a modified form) – this made its first appearance towards the end of 1978. NME_sentence_56

Spencer's time as editor also coincided with the emergence of post-punk acts such as Joy Division and Gang of Four. NME_sentence_57

This development was reflected in the writing of Ian Penman and Paul Morley. NME_sentence_58

Danny Baker, who began as an NME writer around this time, had a more straightforward and populist style. NME_sentence_59

The paper also became more openly political during the time of punk. NME_sentence_60

Its cover would sometimes feature youth-orientated issues rather than a musical act. NME_sentence_61

It took an editorial stance against political parties like the National Front. NME_sentence_62

With the election of Margaret Thatcher in 1979, the paper took a broadly socialist stance for much of the following decade. NME_sentence_63

1980s NME_section_3

1990s NME_section_4

2000s NME_section_5

In 2000, Steve Sutherland left to become brand director of the NME, and was replaced as editor by 26-year-old Melody Maker writer Ben Knowles. NME_sentence_64

In the same year, Melody Maker officially merged with the NME, and many speculated the NME would be next to close, as the weekly music-magazine market was shrinking - the monthly magazine Select, which had thrived especially during the Britpop era, was closed down within a week of Melody Maker. NME_sentence_65

In the early 2000s, the NME also attempted somewhat to broaden its coverage again, running cover stories on hip-hop acts such as Jay-Z and Missy Elliott, electronic musician Aphex Twin, Popstars winners Hear'say, and R&B groups such as Destiny's Child. NME_sentence_66

However, as in the 1980s, these proved unpopular with much of the paper's readership, and were soon dropped. NME_sentence_67

In 2001, the NME reasserted its position as an influence in new music, and helped to introduce bands including the Strokes, the Vines, and the White Stripes. NME_sentence_68

In 2002, Conor McNicholas was appointed editor, with a new wave of photographers including Dean Chalkley, Andrew Kendall, James Looker, and Pieter Van Hattem, and a high turnover of young writers. NME_sentence_69

It focused on new British bands such as the Libertines, Franz Ferdinand, Bloc Party, and the Kaiser Chiefs, which had emerged as indie music continued to grow in commercial success. NME_sentence_70

Later, Arctic Monkeys became the standard-bearers of the post-Libertines crop of indie bands, being both successfully championed by the NME and receiving widespread commercial and critical success. NME_sentence_71

In December 2005, accusations were made that the NME end-of-year poll had been edited for commercial and political reasons. NME_sentence_72

These criticisms were rebutted by McNicholas, who claimed that webzine Londonist.com had got hold of an early draft of the poll. NME_sentence_73

In October 2006, NME launched an Irish version of the magazine called NME Ireland. NME_sentence_74

This coincided with the launch of Club NME in Dublin. NME_sentence_75

Dublin-based band Humanzi was first to appear on the cover of NME Ireland. NME_sentence_76

The Irish edition of the magazine could not compete with local competitors such as Hot Press therefore it was discontinued after its fourth issue in February 2007. NME_sentence_77

After the 2008 NME Award nominations, Caroline Sullivan of The Guardian criticised the magazine's lack of diversity, saying: NME_sentence_78

In May 2008, the magazine received a redesign aimed at an older readership with a more authoritative tone. NME_sentence_79

The first issue of the redesign featured a free seven-inch Coldplay vinyl single. NME_sentence_80

2010s NME_section_6

Krissi Murison was appointed editor in June 2009, launching a new redesigned NME in April 2010. NME_sentence_81

The issue had 10 different covers, highlighting the broader range of music the magazine would cover, and featured Jack White, Florence and the Machine, LCD Soundsystem, Rihanna, Kasabian, Laura Marling, Foals, M.I.A. NME_sentence_82 , Biffy Clyro and Magnetic Man. NME_sentence_83

Murison was replaced as editor in July 2012 by Mike Williams, who had previously been the magazine's deputy. NME_sentence_84

Williams is now Editor in Chief, with full responsibility for NME's cross platform output. NME_sentence_85

Under Williams, NME has launched the NME Daily app, a new career focussed event called Lifehacks, and successfully relaunched both NME magazine and NME's website, NME.com. NME_sentence_86

In 2013, NME's The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time was criticized by the media. NME_sentence_87

The Guardian pointed that Features Editor Laura Snapes included, in her top 5 "greatest albums of all time", four albums from the same band which was The National. NME_sentence_88

Consequence of Sound similarly observed that "if Laura Snapes had her wish, the top four would all be The National albums". NME_sentence_89

Free title NME_section_7

In February 2015, it was reported that the NME was in discussions about removing the cover price and becoming a free publication. NME_sentence_90

This was confirmed in July 2015. NME_sentence_91

The free NME launched on 18 September 2015, with Rihanna on the cover. NME_sentence_92

Distributed nationwide via universities, retail stores and the transport network, the first circulation numbers published in February 2016 of 307, 217 copies per week were the highest in the brand's history. NME_sentence_93

Since relaunch the magazine has featured a number of high-profile international pop stars on the cover such as Coldplay, Taylor Swift, Lana Del Rey, Kanye West and Green Day alongside emerging talent like Zara Larsson, Years & Years, Lady Leshurr and Christine and the Queens. NME_sentence_94

The free, pop-oriented NME magazine has been praised for reconnecting NME with its target audience, and was awarded a silver at the 2016 Professional Publishers Association Awards for its historic first-ever cover as a free title, featuring Rihanna. NME_sentence_95

Editor in Chief Mike Williams received the Editor Of The Year Award at the BSME Awards 2016, the judges stating that under Williams' leadership, NME had "bounced back from an uncertain future and established itself confidently and creatively in a new market." NME_sentence_96

In March 2018, the Guardian reported that the NME was to cease publication in print after 66 years. NME_sentence_97

The online publication would continue. NME_sentence_98

In 2019, TI Media, the successor to IPC, sold NME and Uncut to Singaporean company BandLab Technologies. NME_sentence_99

NME.com NME_section_8

NME covers NME_section_9

See also: List of NME covers NME_sentence_100

NME Awards NME_section_10

Main article: NME Awards NME_sentence_101

NME Awards is an awards show held every year to celebrate the best new music of the past year. NME_sentence_102

The nominations and eventual winners are voted for by the readers of the magazine. NME_sentence_103

NME Tours NME_section_11

Main article: NME Tours NME_sentence_104

NME sponsors a tour of the United Kingdom by up-and-coming bands each year. NME_sentence_105

NME Originals NME_section_12

In 2002, the NME started publishing a series of themed magazines reprinting vintage articles, interviews and reviews from its archives. NME_sentence_106

The magazine special editions were called NME Originals, with some featuring articles from other music titles owned by IPC, including Melody Maker, Rave and Uncut magazines. NME_sentence_107

Notable issues so far have featured Arctic Monkeys, Radiohead, the Beatles, punk rock, gothic rock, Britpop, the Rolling Stones, mod, Nirvana, and the solo years of the Beatles. NME_sentence_108

The series has had several editors, the most prominent of whom have been Steve Sutherland and Chris Hunt. NME_sentence_109

The most recent issue of NME Originals was published in 2005. NME_sentence_110

See also NME_section_13

NME_unordered_list_0


Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NME.