Nat King Cole

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Nat King Cole_table_infobox_0

Nat King ColeNat King Cole_header_cell_0_0_0
Background informationNat King Cole_header_cell_0_1_0
Birth nameNat King Cole_header_cell_0_2_0 Nathaniel Adams ColesNat King Cole_cell_0_2_1
BornNat King Cole_header_cell_0_3_0 (1919-03-17)March 17, 1919

Montgomery, Alabama, U.S.Nat King Cole_cell_0_3_1

DiedNat King Cole_header_cell_0_4_0 February 15, 1965(1965-02-15) (aged 45)

Santa Monica, California, U.S.Nat King Cole_cell_0_4_1

GenresNat King Cole_header_cell_0_5_0 Nat King Cole_cell_0_5_1
Occupation(s)Nat King Cole_header_cell_0_6_0 Nat King Cole_cell_0_6_1
InstrumentsNat King Cole_header_cell_0_7_0 Nat King Cole_cell_0_7_1
Years activeNat King Cole_header_cell_0_8_0 1934–1965Nat King Cole_cell_0_8_1
LabelsNat King Cole_header_cell_0_9_0 Nat King Cole_cell_0_9_1
Associated actsNat King Cole_header_cell_0_10_0 Nat King Cole_cell_0_10_1

Nathaniel Adams Coles (March 17, 1919 – February 15, 1965), known professionally as Nat King Cole, was an American singer and jazz pianist. Nat King Cole_sentence_0

He recorded over 100 songs that became hits on the pop charts. Nat King Cole_sentence_1

His trio was the model for small jazz ensembles that followed. Nat King Cole_sentence_2

Cole also acted in films and on television and performed on Broadway. Nat King Cole_sentence_3

He was the first African-American man to host an American television series. Nat King Cole_sentence_4

He was the father of singer-songwriter Natalie Cole (1950–2015). Nat King Cole_sentence_5

Biography Nat King Cole_section_0

He was a songwriter for over a lot white and black Musicians including boddy troup. Nat King Cole_sentence_6

Early life Nat King Cole_section_1

Nathaniel Adams Coles was born in Montgomery, Alabama, on March 17, 1919. Nat King Cole_sentence_7

He had three brothers: Eddie (1910–1970), Ike (1927–2001), and Freddy (1931–2020), and a half-sister, Joyce Coles. Nat King Cole_sentence_8

Each of the Cole brothers pursued careers in music. Nat King Cole_sentence_9

When Nat King Cole was four years old, the family moved to Chicago, Illinois, where his father, Edward Coles, became a Baptist minister. Nat King Cole_sentence_10

Cole learned to play the organ from his mother, Perlina Coles, the church organist. Nat King Cole_sentence_11

His first performance was "Yes! Nat King Cole_sentence_12 We Have No Bananas" at the age of four. Nat King Cole_sentence_13

He began formal lessons at 12, learning jazz, gospel, and classical music on piano "from Johann Sebastian Bach to Sergei Rachmaninoff." Nat King Cole_sentence_14

As a youth, he joined the news delivery boys' "Bud Billiken Club" band for The Chicago Defender. Nat King Cole_sentence_15

The Cole family moved to the Bronzeville neighborhood of Chicago, where he attended Wendell Phillips Academy High School, the school Sam Cooke attended a few years later. Nat King Cole_sentence_16

He participated in Walter Dyett's music program at DuSable High School. Nat King Cole_sentence_17

He would sneak out of the house to visit clubs, sitting outside to hear Louis Armstrong, Earl Hines, and Jimmie Noone. Nat King Cole_sentence_18

Early career Nat King Cole_section_2

When he was 15, Cole dropped out of high school to pursue a music career. Nat King Cole_sentence_19

After his brother Eddie, a bassist, came home from touring with Noble Sissle, they formed a sextet and recorded two singles for Decca in 1936 as Eddie Cole's Swingsters. Nat King Cole_sentence_20

They performed in a revival of the musical Shuffle Along. Nat King Cole_sentence_21

Nat Cole went on tour with the musical. Nat King Cole_sentence_22

In 1937, he married Nadine Robinson, who was a member of the cast. Nat King Cole_sentence_23

After the show ended in Los Angeles, Cole and Nadine settled there while he looked for work. Nat King Cole_sentence_24

He led a big band, then found work playing piano in nightclubs. Nat King Cole_sentence_25

When a club owner asked him to form a band, he hired bassist Wesley Prince and guitarist Oscar Moore. Nat King Cole_sentence_26

They called themselves the King Cole Swingsters after the nursery rhyme in which "Old King Cole was a merry old soul." Nat King Cole_sentence_27

They changed their name to the King Cole Trio before making radio transcriptions and recording for small labels. Nat King Cole_sentence_28

Cole recorded "Sweet Lorraine" in 1940, and it became his first hit. Nat King Cole_sentence_29

According to legend, his career as a vocalist started when a drunken bar patron demanded that he sing the song. Nat King Cole_sentence_30

Cole said that this fabricated story sounded good, so he didn't argue with it. Nat King Cole_sentence_31

In fact, there was a customer one night who demanded that he sing, but because it was a song Cole didn't know, he sang "Sweet Lorraine" instead. Nat King Cole_sentence_32

As people heard Cole's vocal talent, they requested more vocal songs, and he obliged. Nat King Cole_sentence_33

Career as a vocalist Nat King Cole_section_3

In 1941, the trio recorded "That Ain't Right" for Decca, followed the next year by "All for You" for Excelsior. Nat King Cole_sentence_34

They also recorded "I'm Lost", a song written by Otis René, the owner of Excelsior. Nat King Cole_sentence_35

Cole appeared in the first Jazz at the Philharmonic concerts in 1944. Nat King Cole_sentence_36

He was credited on Mercury as "Shorty Nadine", a derivative of his wife's name, because he had an exclusive contract with Capitol since signing with the label the year before. Nat King Cole_sentence_37

He recorded with Illinois Jacquet and Lester Young. Nat King Cole_sentence_38

In 1946, the trio broadcast King Cole Trio Time, a 15-minute radio program. Nat King Cole_sentence_39

This was the first radio program to be sponsored by a black musician. Nat King Cole_sentence_40

Between 1946 and 1948, the trio recorded radio transcriptions for Capitol Records Transcription Service. Nat King Cole_sentence_41

They also performed on the radio programs Swing Soiree, Old Gold, The Chesterfield Supper Club, Kraft Music Hall, and The Orson Welles Almanac. Nat King Cole_sentence_42

Cole began recording and performing pop-oriented material in which he was often accompanied by a string orchestra. Nat King Cole_sentence_43

His stature as a popular star was cemented by hits such as "All for You" (1943), "The Christmas Song" (1947), "(Get Your Kicks on) Route 66", "(I Love You) For Sentimental Reasons" (1946), "There! Nat King Cole_sentence_44 I've Said It Again" (1947), "Nature Boy" (1948), "Frosty The Snowman", "Mona Lisa" (No. Nat King Cole_sentence_45

1 song of 1950), "Orange Colored Sky" (1950), "Too Young" (No. Nat King Cole_sentence_46

1 song of 1951). Nat King Cole_sentence_47

On June 7, 1953, Cole performed for the famed ninth Cavalcade of Jazz concert held at Wrigley Field in Chicago which was produced by Leon Hefflin, Sr. Also featured that day were Roy Brown and his Orchestra, Shorty Rogers, Earl Bostic, Don Tosti and His Mexican Jazzmen, and Louis Armstrong and his All Stars with Velma Middleton. Nat King Cole_sentence_48

On November 5, 1956, The Nat 'King' Cole Show debuted on NBC. Nat King Cole_sentence_49

The variety program was one of the first hosted by an African American, The program started at a length of fifteen-minutes but was increased to a half-hour in July 1957. Nat King Cole_sentence_50

Rheingold Beer was a regional sponsor, but a national sponsor was never found. Nat King Cole_sentence_51

The show was in trouble financially despite efforts by NBC, Harry Belafonte, Tony Bennett, Ella Fitzgerald, Eartha Kitt, Frankie Laine, Peggy Lee, and Mel Tormé. Nat King Cole_sentence_52

Cole decided to end the program. Nat King Cole_sentence_53

The last episode aired on December 17, 1957. Nat King Cole_sentence_54

Commenting on the lack of sponsorship, Cole said shortly after its demise, "Madison Avenue is afraid of the dark." Nat King Cole_sentence_55

Throughout the 1950s, Cole continued to record hits that sold millions throughout the world, such as "Smile", "Pretend", "A Blossom Fell", and "If I May". Nat King Cole_sentence_56

His pop hits were collaborations with Nelson Riddle, Gordon Jenkins, and Ralph Carmichael. Nat King Cole_sentence_57

Riddle arranged several of Cole's 1950s albums, including Nat King Cole Sings for Two in Love (1953), his first 10-inch LP. Nat King Cole_sentence_58

In 1955, "Darling, Je Vous Aime Beaucoup" reached number 7 on the Billboard chart. Nat King Cole_sentence_59

Love Is the Thing went to number one in April 1957 remained his only number one album. Nat King Cole_sentence_60

In 1959, he received a Grammy Award for Best Performance By a "Top 40" Artist for "Midnight Flyer". Nat King Cole_sentence_61

In 1958, Cole went to Havana, Cuba, to record Cole Español, an album sung entirely in Spanish. Nat King Cole_sentence_62

It was so popular in Latin America and the U.S. that it was followed by two more Spanish-language albums: A Mis Amigos (1959) and More Cole Español (1962). Nat King Cole_sentence_63

After the change in musical tastes, Cole's ballads appealed little to young listeners, despite a successful attempt at rock and roll with "Send for Me", which peaked at number 6 on the pop chart. Nat King Cole_sentence_64

Like Dean Martin, Frank Sinatra, and Tony Bennett, he found that the pop chart had been taken over by youth-oriented acts. Nat King Cole_sentence_65

In 1960, Cole's longtime collaborator Nelson Riddle left Capitol to join Reprise Records, which was established by Frank Sinatra. Nat King Cole_sentence_66

Riddle and Cole recorded one final hit album, Wild Is Love, with lyrics by Ray Rasch and Dotty Wayne. Nat King Cole_sentence_67

Cole later retooled the concept album into an Off-Broadway show, I'm with You. Nat King Cole_sentence_68

Nevertheless, Cole recorded some hit singles during the 1960s, including "Let There Be Love" with George Shearing in 1961, the country-flavored hit "Ramblin' Rose" in August 1962, "Dear Lonely Hearts", "That Sunday, That Summer" and "Those Lazy-Hazy-Crazy Days of Summer" (his final top-ten hit, reaching number 6 on the Pop chart). Nat King Cole_sentence_69

He performed in many short films, sitcoms, and television shows and played W. Nat King Cole_sentence_70 C. Handy in the film St. Louis Blues (1958). Nat King Cole_sentence_71

He also appeared in The Nat King Cole Story, China Gate, and The Blue Gardenia (1953). Nat King Cole_sentence_72

In January 1964, Cole made one of his final television appearances, on The Jack Benny Program. Nat King Cole_sentence_73

He was introduced as "the best friend a song ever had" and sang "When I Fall in Love". Nat King Cole_sentence_74

Cat Ballou (1965), his final film, was released several months after his death. Nat King Cole_sentence_75

Earlier on, Cole's shift to traditional pop led some jazz critics and fans to accuse him of selling out, but he never abandoned his jazz roots; as late as 1956 he recorded an all-jazz album, After Midnight, and many of his albums after this are fundamentally jazz-based, being scored for big band without strings, although the arrangements focus primarily on the vocal rather than instrumental leads. Nat King Cole_sentence_76

Cole had one of his last major hits in 1963, two years before his death, with "Those Lazy-Hazy-Crazy Days of Summer", which reached number 6 on the Pop chart. Nat King Cole_sentence_77

"Unforgettable" was made famous again in 1991 by Cole's daughter Natalie when modern recording technology was used to reunite father and daughter in a duet. Nat King Cole_sentence_78

The duet version rose to the top of the pop charts, almost forty years after its original popularity. Nat King Cole_sentence_79

Personal life Nat King Cole_section_4

Around the time Cole launched his singing career, he entered into Freemasonry. Nat King Cole_sentence_80

He was raised in January 1944 in the Thomas Waller Lodge No. Nat King Cole_sentence_81

49 in California. Nat King Cole_sentence_82

The lodge was named after fellow Prince Hall mason and jazz musician Fats Waller. Nat King Cole_sentence_83

He joined the Scottish Rite Freemasonry, becoming Master Mason. Nat King Cole_sentence_84

Cole was "an avid baseball fan", particularly of Hank Aaron. Nat King Cole_sentence_85

In 1968, Nelson Riddle related an incident from some years earlier and told of music studio engineers, searching for a source of noise, finding Cole listening to a game on a transistor radio. Nat King Cole_sentence_86

Marriages and children Nat King Cole_section_5

Cole met his first wife, Nadine Robinson, while they were on tour for the all-black Broadway musical Shuffle Along. Nat King Cole_sentence_87

He was 18 when they married. Nat King Cole_sentence_88

She was the reason he moved to Los Angeles and formed the Nat King Cole trio. Nat King Cole_sentence_89

This marriage ended in divorce in 1948. Nat King Cole_sentence_90

On March 28, 1948 (Easter Sunday), six days after his divorce became final, Cole married the singer Maria Hawkins. Nat King Cole_sentence_91

The Coles were married in Harlem's Abyssinian Baptist Church by Adam Clayton Powell Jr. They had five children: Natalie (1950–2015), who had a successful career as a singer, died of congestive heart failure; an adopted daughter, Carole (1944–2009, the daughter of Maria's sister), who died of lung cancer at the age of 64; an adopted son, Nat Kelly Cole (1959–1995), who died of AIDS at the age of 36; and twin daughters, Casey and Timolin (born September 26, 1961), whose birth was announced in the "Milestones" column of Time magazine on October 6, 1961. Nat King Cole_sentence_92

Maria supported him during his final illness and stayed with him until his death. Nat King Cole_sentence_93

In an interview, she emphasized his musical legacy and the class he exhibited despite his imperfections. Nat King Cole_sentence_94

Experiences with racism Nat King Cole_section_6

In August 1948, Cole purchased a house from Col. Harry Gantz, the former husband of the silent film actress Lois Weber, in the all-white Hancock Park neighborhood of Los Angeles. Nat King Cole_sentence_95

The Ku Klux Klan, which was active in Los Angeles in the 1950s, responded by placing a burning cross on his front lawn. Nat King Cole_sentence_96

Members of the property-owners association told Cole they did not want any "undesirables" moving into the neighborhood. Nat King Cole_sentence_97

Cole responded, "Neither do I. Nat King Cole_sentence_98

And if I see anybody undesirable coming in here, I'll be the first to complain." Nat King Cole_sentence_99

In 1956 Cole was contracted to perform in Cuba. Nat King Cole_sentence_100

He wanted to stay at the Hotel Nacional de Cuba in Havana but was refused because it operated a color bar. Nat King Cole_sentence_101

Cole honored his contract, and the concert at the Tropicana Club was a huge success. Nat King Cole_sentence_102

During the following year, he returned to Cuba for another concert, singing many songs in Spanish. Nat King Cole_sentence_103

In 1956 Cole was assaulted on stage during a concert in Birmingham, Alabama, with the Ted Heath Band while singing the song "Little Girl". Nat King Cole_sentence_104

Having circulated photographs of Cole with white female fans bearing incendiary boldface captions reading "Cole and His White Women" and "Cole and Your Daughter" three men belonging to the North Alabama Citizens Council assaulted Cole, apparently attempting to kidnap him. Nat King Cole_sentence_105

The three assailants ran down the aisles of the auditorium towards Cole. Nat King Cole_sentence_106

Local law enforcement quickly ended the invasion of the stage, but in the ensuing mêlée Cole was toppled from his piano bench and injured his back. Nat King Cole_sentence_107

He did not finish the concert. Nat King Cole_sentence_108

A fourth member of the group was later arrested. Nat King Cole_sentence_109

All were tried and convicted. Nat King Cole_sentence_110

Cole received a slight back injury during the scuffle. Nat King Cole_sentence_111

Six men, including 23-year-old Willie Richard Vinson, were formally charged with assault with intent to murder him, but later the charge against four of them was changed to conspiracy to commit a misdemeanour. Nat King Cole_sentence_112

The original plan to attack Cole included 150 men from Birmingham and nearby towns. Nat King Cole_sentence_113

After being attacked in Birmingham, Cole said, "I can't understand it ... Nat King Cole_sentence_114

I have not taken part in any protests. Nat King Cole_sentence_115

Nor have I joined an organization fighting segregation. Nat King Cole_sentence_116

Why should they attack me?" Nat King Cole_sentence_117

Cole said he wanted to forget the incident and continued to play for segregated audiences in the south. Nat King Cole_sentence_118

He said he could not change the situation in a day. Nat King Cole_sentence_119

He contributed money to the Montgomery bus boycott and had sued northern hotels that had hired him but refused to serve him. Nat King Cole_sentence_120

Thurgood Marshall, the chief legal counsel of the NAACP, called him an Uncle Tom and said he should perform with a banjo. Nat King Cole_sentence_121

Roy Wilkins, executive secretary of the NAACP, wrote him a telegram that said, "You have not been a crusader or engaged in an effort to change the customs or laws of the South. Nat King Cole_sentence_122

That responsibility, newspapers quote you as saying, you leave to the other guys. Nat King Cole_sentence_123

That attack upon you clearly indicates that organized bigotry makes no distinction between those who do not actively challenge racial discrimination and those who do. Nat King Cole_sentence_124

This is a fight which none of us can escape. Nat King Cole_sentence_125

We invite you to join us in a crusade against racism." Nat King Cole_sentence_126

The Chicago Defender said Cole's performances for all-white audiences were an insult to his race. Nat King Cole_sentence_127

The New York Amsterdam News said that "thousands of Harlem blacks who have worshiped at the shrine of singer Nat King Cole turned their backs on him this week as the noted crooner turned his back on the NAACP and said that he will continue to play to Jim Crow audiences." Nat King Cole_sentence_128

To play "Uncle Nat's" discs, wrote a commentator in The American Negro, "would be supporting his 'traitor' ideas and narrow way of thinking". Nat King Cole_sentence_129

Deeply hurt by the criticism in the black press, Cole was chastened. Nat King Cole_sentence_130

Emphasizing his opposition to racial segregation "in any form", he agreed to join other entertainers in boycotting segregated venues. Nat King Cole_sentence_131

He paid $500 to become a lifetime member of the Detroit branch of the NAACP. Nat King Cole_sentence_132

Until his death in 1965, Cole was an active and visible participant in the civil rights movement, playing an important role in planning the March on Washington in 1963. Nat King Cole_sentence_133

Politics Nat King Cole_section_7

Cole sang at the 1956 Republican National Convention in the Cow Palace, Daly City, California, to show support for President Dwight D. Eisenhower. Nat King Cole_sentence_134

He sang "That's All There Is to That" and was "greeted with applause." Nat King Cole_sentence_135

He was also present at the Democratic National Convention in 1960 to support Senator John F. Kennedy. Nat King Cole_sentence_136

He was among the dozens of entertainers recruited by Frank Sinatra to perform at the Kennedy Inaugural gala in 1961. Nat King Cole_sentence_137

Cole consulted with President Kennedy and his successor, Lyndon B. Johnson, on civil rights. Nat King Cole_sentence_138

Illness and death Nat King Cole_section_8

In September 1964, Cole began to lose weight and he experienced back problems. Nat King Cole_sentence_139

He collapsed with pain after performing at the Sands Hotel in Las Vegas. Nat King Cole_sentence_140

In December, he was working in San Francisco when he was finally persuaded by friends to seek medical help. Nat King Cole_sentence_141

A malignant tumor in an advanced state of growth on his left lung was observed on a chest X-ray. Nat King Cole_sentence_142

Cole, who had been a heavy cigarette smoker, had lung cancer and was expected to have only months to live. Nat King Cole_sentence_143

Against his doctors' wishes, Cole carried on his work and made his final recordings between December 1 and 3 in San Francisco, with an orchestra conducted by Ralph Carmichael. Nat King Cole_sentence_144

The music was released on the album L-O-V-E shortly before his death. Nat King Cole_sentence_145

His daughter noted later that he did this to assure the welfare of his family. Nat King Cole_sentence_146

Cole entered St. Nat King Cole_sentence_147 John's Hospital in Santa Monica on December 7, and cobalt therapy was started on December 10. Nat King Cole_sentence_148

Frank Sinatra performed in Cole's place at the grand opening of the new Dorothy Chandler Pavilion of the Los Angeles Music Center on December 12. Nat King Cole_sentence_149

Cole's condition gradually worsened, but he was released from the hospital over the New Year's period. Nat King Cole_sentence_150

At home Cole was able to see the hundreds of thousands of cards and letters that had been sent after news of his illness was made public. Nat King Cole_sentence_151

Cole returned to the hospital in early January. Nat King Cole_sentence_152

He also sent $5,000 (US$41,218 in 2019 dollars) to actress and singer Gunilla Hutton, with whom he had been romantically involved since early 1964. Nat King Cole_sentence_153

Hutton later telephoned Maria and implored her to divorce him. Nat King Cole_sentence_154

Maria confronted her husband, and Cole finally broke off the relationship with Hutton. Nat King Cole_sentence_155

Cole's illness reconciled him with his wife, and he vowed that if he recovered he would go on television to urge people to stop smoking. Nat King Cole_sentence_156

On January 25, Cole's entire left lung was surgically removed. Nat King Cole_sentence_157

His father died of heart problems on February 1. Nat King Cole_sentence_158

Throughout Cole's illness his publicists promoted the idea that he would soon be well and working, despite the private knowledge of his terminal condition. Nat King Cole_sentence_159

Billboard magazine reported that "Nat King Cole has successfully come through a serious operation and... the future looks bright for 'the master' to resume his career again". Nat King Cole_sentence_160

On Valentine's Day, Cole and his wife briefly left St. John's to drive by the sea. Nat King Cole_sentence_161

He died at the hospital early in the morning of February 15, 1965. Nat King Cole_sentence_162

Cole's funeral was held on February 18 at St. James Episcopal Church on Wilshire Boulevard in Los Angeles; 400 people were present, and thousands gathered outside the church. Nat King Cole_sentence_163

Hundreds of members of the public had filed past the coffin the day before. Nat King Cole_sentence_164

Honorary pallbearers included Robert F. Kennedy, Count Basie, Frank Sinatra, Sammy Davis Jr., Johnny Mathis, George Burns, Danny Thomas, Jimmy Durante, Alan Livingston, Frankie Laine, Steve Allen, and Pat Brown (the governor of California). Nat King Cole_sentence_165

The eulogy was delivered by Jack Benny, who said that "Nat Cole was a man who gave so much and still had so much to give. Nat King Cole_sentence_166

He gave it in song, in friendship to his fellow man, devotion to his family. Nat King Cole_sentence_167

He was a star, a tremendous success as an entertainer, an institution. Nat King Cole_sentence_168

But he was an even greater success as a man, as a husband, as a father, as a friend." Nat King Cole_sentence_169

Cole's remains were interred in Freedom Mausoleum at Forest Lawn Memorial Park, in Glendale, California. Nat King Cole_sentence_170

Posthumous releases Nat King Cole_section_9

Cole's last album, L-O-V-E, was recorded in early December 1964—just a few days before he entered the hospital for cancer treatment—and was released just before he died. Nat King Cole_sentence_171

It peaked at number 4 on the Billboard Albums chart in the spring of 1965. Nat King Cole_sentence_172

A Best Of album was certified a gold record in 1968. Nat King Cole_sentence_173

His 1957 recording of "When I Fall in Love" reached number 4 in the UK charts in 1987, released in reaction to a version by Rick Astley challenging for the coveted Christmas number 1 spot. Nat King Cole_sentence_174

In 1983, an archivist for EMI Electrola Records, a subsidiary of EMI Records (Capitol's parent company) in Germany, discovered some unreleased recordings by Cole, including one in Japanese and another in Spanish ("Tu Eres Tan Amable"). Nat King Cole_sentence_175

Capitol released them later that year as the LP Unreleased. Nat King Cole_sentence_176

In 1991, Mosaic Records released The Complete Capitol Records Recordings of the Nat King Cole Trio, a compilation of 349 songs available as an 18-CD or a 27-LP set. Nat King Cole_sentence_177

In 2008 it was re-released in digital-download format through services like iTunes and Amazon Music. Nat King Cole_sentence_178

Also in 1991, Natalie Cole recorded a new vocal track that was mixed with her father's 1961 stereo re-recording of his 1951 hit "Unforgettable" for a tribute album of the same title. Nat King Cole_sentence_179

The song and album won seven Grammy awards in 1992 for Best Album and Best Song. Nat King Cole_sentence_180

Work Nat King Cole_section_10

Discography Nat King Cole_section_11

Main article: Nat King Cole discography Nat King Cole_sentence_181

His hit singles include "Straighten Up and Fly Right" 1944 #8, "The Christmas Song" 1946/1962/2018 #?/#65/#11, "Nature Boy" 1948 #1, "Mona Lisa 1950 #1, "Frosty, The Snowman" 1950 #9, "Too Young" 1951 #1, "Unforgettable" 1951 #12, "Somewhere Along the Way" 1952 #8, "Answer Me, My Love" 1954 #6, "A Blossom Fell" 1955 #2, "If I May" 1955 #8, "Send for Me" 1957 #6, "Looking Back" 1958 #5, "Ramblin' Rose" 1962 #2, "Those Lazy, Hazy, Crazy Days of Summer" 1963 #6, "Unforgettable" 1991 (with daughter Natalie) Nat King Cole_sentence_182

Filmography Nat King Cole_section_12

Nat King Cole_table_general_1

YearNat King Cole_header_cell_1_0_0 TitleNat King Cole_header_cell_1_0_1 RoleNat King Cole_header_cell_1_0_2 NotesNat King Cole_header_cell_1_0_3
1943Nat King Cole_cell_1_1_0 Here Comes ElmerNat King Cole_cell_1_1_1 HimselfNat King Cole_cell_1_1_2 Nat King Cole_cell_1_1_3
1943Nat King Cole_cell_1_2_0 Pistol Packin' MamaNat King Cole_cell_1_2_1 As part of the King Cole TrioNat King Cole_cell_1_2_2 UncreditedNat King Cole_cell_1_2_3
1944Nat King Cole_cell_1_3_0 Pin Up GirlNat King Cole_cell_1_3_1 Canteen pianistNat King Cole_cell_1_3_2 UncreditedNat King Cole_cell_1_3_3
1944Nat King Cole_cell_1_4_0 Stars on ParadeNat King Cole_cell_1_4_1 As part of the King Cole TrioNat King Cole_cell_1_4_2 Nat King Cole_cell_1_4_3
1944Nat King Cole_cell_1_5_0 Swing in the SaddleNat King Cole_cell_1_5_1 As part of the King Cole TrioNat King Cole_cell_1_5_2 UncreditedNat King Cole_cell_1_5_3
1944Nat King Cole_cell_1_6_0 See My LawyerNat King Cole_cell_1_6_1 Specialty actNat King Cole_cell_1_6_2 As part of the King Cole TrioNat King Cole_cell_1_6_3
1944Nat King Cole_cell_1_7_0 Is You Is, or Is You Ain't My Baby?Nat King Cole_cell_1_7_1 HimselfNat King Cole_cell_1_7_2 Short subjectNat King Cole_cell_1_7_3
1945Nat King Cole_cell_1_8_0 Frim Fram SauceNat King Cole_cell_1_8_1 HimselfNat King Cole_cell_1_8_2 Short subjectNat King Cole_cell_1_8_3
1946Nat King Cole_cell_1_9_0 Breakfast in HollywoodNat King Cole_cell_1_9_1 As part of the King Cole TrioNat King Cole_cell_1_9_2 Nat King Cole_cell_1_9_3
1946Nat King Cole_cell_1_10_0 Errand Boy for RhythmNat King Cole_cell_1_10_1 HimselfNat King Cole_cell_1_10_2 Short subjectNat King Cole_cell_1_10_3
1946Nat King Cole_cell_1_11_0 Come to Baby DoNat King Cole_cell_1_11_1 HimselfNat King Cole_cell_1_11_2 Short subjectNat King Cole_cell_1_11_3
1948Nat King Cole_cell_1_12_0 Killer DillerNat King Cole_cell_1_12_1 HimselfNat King Cole_cell_1_12_2 As part of the King Cole TrioNat King Cole_cell_1_12_3
1949Nat King Cole_cell_1_13_0 Make Believe BallroomNat King Cole_cell_1_13_1 HimselfNat King Cole_cell_1_13_2 As part of the King Cole TrioNat King Cole_cell_1_13_3
1950Nat King Cole_cell_1_14_0 King Cole Trio & Benny Carter OrchestraNat King Cole_cell_1_14_1 HimselfNat King Cole_cell_1_14_2 Short subjectNat King Cole_cell_1_14_3
1951Nat King Cole_cell_1_15_0 You Call It MadnessNat King Cole_cell_1_15_1 HimselfNat King Cole_cell_1_15_2 Short subjectNat King Cole_cell_1_15_3
1951Nat King Cole_cell_1_16_0 When I Fall in LoveNat King Cole_cell_1_16_1 HimselfNat King Cole_cell_1_16_2 Short subjectNat King Cole_cell_1_16_3
1951Nat King Cole_cell_1_17_0 The Trouble with Me Is YouNat King Cole_cell_1_17_1 HimselfNat King Cole_cell_1_17_2 Short subjectNat King Cole_cell_1_17_3
1951Nat King Cole_cell_1_18_0 Sweet LorraineNat King Cole_cell_1_18_1 HimselfNat King Cole_cell_1_18_2 Short subjectNat King Cole_cell_1_18_3
1951Nat King Cole_cell_1_19_0 Route 66Nat King Cole_cell_1_19_1 HimselfNat King Cole_cell_1_19_2 Short subjectNat King Cole_cell_1_19_3
1951Nat King Cole_cell_1_20_0 Nature BoyNat King Cole_cell_1_20_1 HimselfNat King Cole_cell_1_20_2 Short subjectNat King Cole_cell_1_20_3
1951Nat King Cole_cell_1_21_0 Mona LisaNat King Cole_cell_1_21_1 HimselfNat King Cole_cell_1_21_2 Short subjectNat King Cole_cell_1_21_3
1951Nat King Cole_cell_1_22_0 HomeNat King Cole_cell_1_22_1 HimselfNat King Cole_cell_1_22_2 Short subjectNat King Cole_cell_1_22_3
1951Nat King Cole_cell_1_23_0 For Sentimental ReasonsNat King Cole_cell_1_23_1 HimselfNat King Cole_cell_1_23_2 Short subjectNat King Cole_cell_1_23_3
1951Nat King Cole_cell_1_24_0 Calypso BluesNat King Cole_cell_1_24_1 HimselfNat King Cole_cell_1_24_2 Short subjectNat King Cole_cell_1_24_3
1952Nat King Cole_cell_1_25_0 Nat "King" Cole and Joe Adams OrchestraNat King Cole_cell_1_25_1 HimselfNat King Cole_cell_1_25_2 Short subjectNat King Cole_cell_1_25_3
1953Nat King Cole_cell_1_26_0 The Blue GardeniaNat King Cole_cell_1_26_1 HimselfNat King Cole_cell_1_26_2 Nat King Cole_cell_1_26_3
1953Nat King Cole_cell_1_27_0 Small Town GirlNat King Cole_cell_1_27_1 HimselfNat King Cole_cell_1_27_2 Nat King Cole_cell_1_27_3
1953Nat King Cole_cell_1_28_0 Nat "King" Cole and Russ Morgan and His OrchestraNat King Cole_cell_1_28_1 HimselfNat King Cole_cell_1_28_2 Short subjectNat King Cole_cell_1_28_3
1955Nat King Cole_cell_1_29_0 Kiss Me DeadlyNat King Cole_cell_1_29_1 SingerNat King Cole_cell_1_29_2 VoiceNat King Cole_cell_1_29_3
1955Nat King Cole_cell_1_30_0 Rhythm and Blues RevueNat King Cole_cell_1_30_1 HimselfNat King Cole_cell_1_30_2 DocumentaryNat King Cole_cell_1_30_3
1955Nat King Cole_cell_1_31_0 Rock 'n' Roll RevueNat King Cole_cell_1_31_1 HimselfNat King Cole_cell_1_31_2 Short subjectNat King Cole_cell_1_31_3
1955Nat King Cole_cell_1_32_0 The Nat 'King' Cole Musical StoryNat King Cole_cell_1_32_1 HimselfNat King Cole_cell_1_32_2 Short subjectNat King Cole_cell_1_32_3
1955Nat King Cole_cell_1_33_0 Rhythm and Blues RevueNat King Cole_cell_1_33_1 HimselfNat King Cole_cell_1_33_2 DocumentaryNat King Cole_cell_1_33_3
1956Nat King Cole_cell_1_34_0 The Scarlet HourNat King Cole_cell_1_34_1 Nightclub vocalistNat King Cole_cell_1_34_2 Nat King Cole_cell_1_34_3
1956Nat King Cole_cell_1_35_0 Basin Street RevueNat King Cole_cell_1_35_1 HimselfNat King Cole_cell_1_35_2 Nat King Cole_cell_1_35_3
1957Nat King Cole_cell_1_36_0 IstanbulNat King Cole_cell_1_36_1 Danny RiceNat King Cole_cell_1_36_2 Nat King Cole_cell_1_36_3
1957Nat King Cole_cell_1_37_0 China GateNat King Cole_cell_1_37_1 GoldieNat King Cole_cell_1_37_2 Nat King Cole_cell_1_37_3
1958Nat King Cole_cell_1_38_0 St. Louis BluesNat King Cole_cell_1_38_1 W. C. HandyNat King Cole_cell_1_38_2 Nat King Cole_cell_1_38_3
1959Nat King Cole_cell_1_39_0 Night of the Quarter MoonNat King Cole_cell_1_39_1 Cy RobbinNat King Cole_cell_1_39_2 A.k.a. The Color of Her SkinNat King Cole_cell_1_39_3
1959Nat King Cole_cell_1_40_0 Premier Khrushchev in the USANat King Cole_cell_1_40_1 HimselfNat King Cole_cell_1_40_2 DocumentaryNat King Cole_cell_1_40_3
1960Nat King Cole_cell_1_41_0 Schlager-RaketenNat King Cole_cell_1_41_1 Sänger, HimselfNat King Cole_cell_1_41_2 Nat King Cole_cell_1_41_3
1965Nat King Cole_cell_1_42_0 Cat BallouNat King Cole_cell_1_42_1 ShouterNat King Cole_cell_1_42_2 Released posthumously, (final film role)Nat King Cole_cell_1_42_3
1989Nat King Cole_cell_1_43_0 Benny Carter: Symphony in RiffsNat King Cole_cell_1_43_1 HimselfNat King Cole_cell_1_43_2 DocumentaryNat King Cole_cell_1_43_3

Television Nat King Cole_section_13

Nat King Cole_table_general_2

YearNat King Cole_header_cell_2_0_0 TitleNat King Cole_header_cell_2_0_1 RoleNat King Cole_header_cell_2_0_2 NotesNat King Cole_header_cell_2_0_3
1950Nat King Cole_cell_2_1_0 The Ed Sullivan ShowNat King Cole_cell_2_1_1 HimselfNat King Cole_cell_2_1_2 14 episodesNat King Cole_cell_2_1_3
1951–1952Nat King Cole_cell_2_2_0 Texaco Star TheatreNat King Cole_cell_2_2_1 HimselfNat King Cole_cell_2_2_2 3 episodesNat King Cole_cell_2_2_3
1952–1955Nat King Cole_cell_2_3_0 The Jackie Gleason ShowNat King Cole_cell_2_3_1 HimselfNat King Cole_cell_2_3_2 2 episodesNat King Cole_cell_2_3_3
1953Nat King Cole_cell_2_4_0 The Red Skelton ShowNat King Cole_cell_2_4_1 HimselfNat King Cole_cell_2_4_2 Episode #2.20Nat King Cole_cell_2_4_3
1953–1961Nat King Cole_cell_2_5_0 What's My Line?Nat King Cole_cell_2_5_1 "Mystery guest"Nat King Cole_cell_2_5_2 2 episodesNat King Cole_cell_2_5_3
1954–1955Nat King Cole_cell_2_6_0 The Colgate Comedy HourNat King Cole_cell_2_6_1 HimselfNat King Cole_cell_2_6_2 4 episodesNat King Cole_cell_2_6_3
1955Nat King Cole_cell_2_7_0 Ford Star JubileeNat King Cole_cell_2_7_1 HimselfNat King Cole_cell_2_7_2 2 episodesNat King Cole_cell_2_7_3
1956–1957Nat King Cole_cell_2_8_0 The Nat King Cole ShowNat King Cole_cell_2_8_1 HostNat King Cole_cell_2_8_2 42 episodesNat King Cole_cell_2_8_3
1957–1960Nat King Cole_cell_2_9_0 The Dinah Shore Chevy ShowNat King Cole_cell_2_9_1 HimselfNat King Cole_cell_2_9_2 2 episodesNat King Cole_cell_2_9_3
1958Nat King Cole_cell_2_10_0 The Patti Page ShowNat King Cole_cell_2_10_1 HimselfNat King Cole_cell_2_10_2 Episode #1.5Nat King Cole_cell_2_10_3
1959Nat King Cole_cell_2_11_0 The Perry Como ShowNat King Cole_cell_2_11_1 HimselfNat King Cole_cell_2_11_2 Episode: January 17, 1959Nat King Cole_cell_2_11_3
1959Nat King Cole_cell_2_12_0 The George Gobel ShowNat King Cole_cell_2_12_1 HimselfNat King Cole_cell_2_12_2 Episode #5.10Nat King Cole_cell_2_12_3
1960Nat King Cole_cell_2_13_0 The Steve Allen ShowNat King Cole_cell_2_13_1 HimselfNat King Cole_cell_2_13_2 Episode #5.21Nat King Cole_cell_2_13_3
1960Nat King Cole_cell_2_14_0 This Is Your LifeNat King Cole_cell_2_14_1 HimselfNat King Cole_cell_2_14_2 Episode: "Nat King Cole"Nat King Cole_cell_2_14_3
1960Nat King Cole_cell_2_15_0 Academy Award SongsNat King Cole_cell_2_15_1 HimselfNat King Cole_cell_2_15_2 TV movieNat King Cole_cell_2_15_3
1960Nat King Cole_cell_2_16_0 Special Gala to Support Kennedy CampaignNat King Cole_cell_2_16_1 HimselfNat King Cole_cell_2_16_2 TV movieNat King Cole_cell_2_16_3
1961Nat King Cole_cell_2_17_0 Main EventNat King Cole_cell_2_17_1 HimselfNat King Cole_cell_2_17_2 TV movieNat King Cole_cell_2_17_3
1961–1964Nat King Cole_cell_2_18_0 The Garry Moore ShowNat King Cole_cell_2_18_1 HimselfNat King Cole_cell_2_18_2 4 episodesNat King Cole_cell_2_18_3
1962–1964Nat King Cole_cell_2_19_0 The Jack Paar ProgramNat King Cole_cell_2_19_1 HimselfNat King Cole_cell_2_19_2 4 episodesNat King Cole_cell_2_19_3
1963Nat King Cole_cell_2_20_0 An Evening with Nat King ColeNat King Cole_cell_2_20_1 HimselfNat King Cole_cell_2_20_2 TV movieNat King Cole_cell_2_20_3
1963Nat King Cole_cell_2_21_0 An Evening with Nat King ColeNat King Cole_cell_2_21_1 HimselfNat King Cole_cell_2_21_2 BBC Television specialNat King Cole_cell_2_21_3
1963Nat King Cole_cell_2_22_0 The Danny Kaye ShowNat King Cole_cell_2_22_1 HimselfNat King Cole_cell_2_22_2 Episode #1.14Nat King Cole_cell_2_22_3
1964Nat King Cole_cell_2_23_0 Freedom SpectacularNat King Cole_cell_2_23_1 HimselfNat King Cole_cell_2_23_2 TV movieNat King Cole_cell_2_23_3
1964Nat King Cole_cell_2_24_0 The Jack Benny ProgramNat King Cole_cell_2_24_1 NatNat King Cole_cell_2_24_2 Episode: "Nat King Cole, Guest"Nat King Cole_cell_2_24_3

Awards and honors Nat King Cole_section_14

Cole was inducted into the Alabama Music Hall of Fame and the Alabama Jazz Hall of Fame. Nat King Cole_sentence_183

He was awarded the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 1990. Nat King Cole_sentence_184

He was inducted into the Down Beat Jazz Hall of Fame in 1997 and the Hit Parade Hall of Fame in 2007. Nat King Cole_sentence_185

A United States postage stamp with Cole's likeness was issued in 1994. Nat King Cole_sentence_186

He was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2000 and the Latin Songwriters Hall of Fame in 2013. Nat King Cole_sentence_187

Cole's success at Capitol Records, for which he recorded more than 150 singles that reached the Billboard Pop, R&B, and Country charts, has yet to be matched by any Capitol artist. Nat King Cole_sentence_188

His records sold 50 million copies during his career. Nat King Cole_sentence_189

His recording of "The Christmas Song" still receives airplay every holiday season, even hitting the Billboard Top 40 in December 2017. Nat King Cole_sentence_190

In popular culture Nat King Cole_section_15

Cole's music is used throughout Wong Kar-wai's romantic drama In the Mood for Love (2000) including the songs, "Aquellos Ojos Verdes", "Te Quiero Dijiste", "Quizás, Quizás, Quizás". Nat King Cole_sentence_191

Cole's song L-O-V-E was used at the beginning of Nancy Meyers' The Parent Trap (1998) with his daughter singing, Everlasting Love as the ending credits song. Nat King Cole_sentence_192

Cole's music was also used in Terence Davies' film The Long Day Closes (1990) including his rendition of The Long Day Closes. Nat King Cole_sentence_193

See also Nat King Cole_section_16

Nat King Cole_unordered_list_0

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: King Cole.