National Assembly (Azerbaijan)

From Wikipedia for FEVERv2
Jump to navigation Jump to search

National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_table_infobox_0

National Assembly (Milli Mejlis) Republic of Azerbaijan

Azerbaijani: Azərbaycan Respublikasının Milli MəclisiNational Assembly (Azerbaijan)_header_cell_0_0_0

TypeNational Assembly (Azerbaijan)_header_cell_0_1_0
TypeNational Assembly (Azerbaijan)_header_cell_0_2_0 UnicameralNational Assembly (Azerbaijan)_cell_0_2_1
HistoryNational Assembly (Azerbaijan)_header_cell_0_3_0
FoundedNational Assembly (Azerbaijan)_header_cell_0_4_0 12 November 1995National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_cell_0_4_1
Preceded byNational Assembly (Azerbaijan)_header_cell_0_5_0 Supreme Soviet (Ali Sovet) of the Republic of AzerbaijanNational Assembly (Azerbaijan)_cell_0_5_1
LeadershipNational Assembly (Azerbaijan)_header_cell_0_6_0
Speaker of the National Assembly of AzerbaijanNational Assembly (Azerbaijan)_header_cell_0_7_0 Sahiba Gafarova (New Azerbaijan Party)

since 10 March 2020National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_cell_0_7_1

StructureNational Assembly (Azerbaijan)_header_cell_0_8_0
SeatsNational Assembly (Azerbaijan)_header_cell_0_9_0 Total 125 deputiesNational Assembly (Azerbaijan)_cell_0_9_1
Political groupsNational Assembly (Azerbaijan)_header_cell_0_10_0 Government (70)

  NAP (70) Independents (38)   Independents (38) Opposition (12)   CSP (3)   ADMP (1)   CUP (1)   GOP(1)   Motherland (1)   NFP(1)   PDR (1)   REAL (1)   Unity (1)   WAPFP (1)

Vacant (5)

  Vacant (5)National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_cell_0_10_1

ElectionsNational Assembly (Azerbaijan)_header_cell_0_11_0
Voting systemNational Assembly (Azerbaijan)_header_cell_0_12_0 First-past-the-post votingNational Assembly (Azerbaijan)_cell_0_12_1
Last electionNational Assembly (Azerbaijan)_header_cell_0_13_0 9 February 2020National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_cell_0_13_1
Next electionNational Assembly (Azerbaijan)_header_cell_0_14_0 February 2025National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_cell_0_14_1
Meeting placeNational Assembly (Azerbaijan)_header_cell_0_15_0
WebsiteNational Assembly (Azerbaijan)_header_cell_0_16_0

The National Assembly (Azerbaijani: Milli Məclis), also transliterated as Milli Majlis, is the legislative branch of government in Azerbaijan. National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_sentence_0

The unicameral National Assembly has 125 deputies: previously 100 members were elected for five-year terms in single-seat constituencies and 25 were members elected by proportional representation; as of the latest election, however, all 125 deputies are returned from single-member constituencies. National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_sentence_1

Milli Majlis was the first secular republican parliament in the Muslim world. National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_sentence_2

History National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_section_0

Azerbaijan Democratic Republic (1918–1920) National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_section_1

Main article: Parliament of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_sentence_3

Following the Russian Revolution in February 1917, a special committee consisting of deputies from Transcaucasian State Duma was created. National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_sentence_4

In November, Transcaucasian Commissariat was created as the first government of independent Transcaucasia. National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_sentence_5

The Sejm made up from representatives of three nations did not have a solid political platform as each nation looked after its own interests. National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_sentence_6

This subsequently led to dissolution of the Sejm on May 25, 1918. National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_sentence_7

On May 27, 44 Muslim deputies of the Sejm gathered in Tbilisi and established Azerbaijan National Council to form the government of Azerbaijan. National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_sentence_8

Mammad Emin Rasulzade was elected its chairman. National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_sentence_9

On May 28, the National Council passed a resolution proclaiming independence of Azerbaijan Democratic Republic. National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_sentence_10

On June 16, the National Council and the Azerbaijani government moved to Ganja. National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_sentence_11

At the seventh session of the council in Ganja chaired by Mammad Emin Rasulzade, it was decided to dissolve the council and transfer all legislative and executive power to the interim government of Azerbaijan headed by Fatali Khan Khoyski. National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_sentence_12

Once the government was established, Azerbaijani was made the official state language. National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_sentence_13

One of the priorities of the government before moving to Baku was to liberate Baku from Centrocaspian Dictatorship then in control of the city which took place on September 15, 1918. National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_sentence_14

On November 16 when the National Council reconvenes and on November 19, Rasulzade announces that all nationalities of Azerbaijan will be represented in the Azerbaijani Parliament to consist of 120 deputies. National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_sentence_15

Therefore, basing on 24 thousand representatives of nationalities of Azerbaijan, Azerbaijani parliament made up from 80 Muslims, 21 Armenians, 10 Russians, 1 German and 1 Jew was established on November 29 and convened on December 7, 1918. National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_sentence_16

Thus, the first session of the parliament took place in the building of former Zeynalabdin Tagiyev Russian Muslim School located on present day Istiglaliyyat Street of Baku and was chaired by Rasulzade. National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_sentence_17

Alimardan Topchubashov was elected the Speaker of the Parliament, Hasanbey Agayev - Deputy Speaker. National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_sentence_18

By the end of 1919, there were 11 various political party factions in the parliament represented by 96 deputies. National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_sentence_19

During its 17-month existence, the parliament held 145 sessions with the last session being convened on April 27, 1920 on the eve of Russian occupation of Azerbaijan. National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_sentence_20

A total of 270 resolutions were sponsored, 230 of which were passed. National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_sentence_21

Parliamentary delegations of Azerbaijan signed several friendship treaties with Turkey, Iran, Great Britain, and US and a defense pact with Georgia; attended Paris Peace Conference several times requesting recognition from Western countries. National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_sentence_22

In January 1920, Azerbaijan Democratic Republic was de facto recognized by the Peace Conference. National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_sentence_23

Supreme Soviet of Azerbaijan SSR National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_section_2

Main article: Supreme Soviet of the Azerbaijan SSR National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_sentence_24

During the last session of Azerbaijani Parliament on April 27, 1920 under pressure of the Bolshevik Russian 11th Red Army and ultimatum from Caucasian Committee of the Russian Communist Party which invaded Azerbaijan, the deputies decided to disband the government in favour of the Bolsheviks to avoid bloodshed. National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_sentence_25

Once the Bolsheviks took over, they abolished all structures of the Azerbaijani government and established the Azerbaijan Interim Revolutionary Committee administered by Azerbaijani communists Nariman Narimanov, Aliheydar Garayev, Gazanfar Musabekov, Hamid Sultanov and Dadash Bunyadzade. National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_sentence_26

The Bolsheviks dissolved the Azerbaijani Army, executed its generals and officers, and nationalized private industries. National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_sentence_27

In May 1921, the first All-Azerbaijan Soviet Session made up of newly elected deputies from all regions of Azerbaijan convened in Baku. National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_sentence_28

The elected deputies were mainly drawn from poor, uneducated, unprepared factory workers and villagers which facilitated complete rule from Moscow. National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_sentence_29

The first session established the Azerbaijan Central Executive Committee consisting of 75 members and its board with 13 members. National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_sentence_30

From 1921 through 1937, nine sessions of All-Azerbaijan Soviets were convened. National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_sentence_31

In 1937, during the 9th session of the All-Azerbaijani Soviets a new Azerbaijan SSR Constitution was ratified and the new legislative body the Supreme Soviet of Azerbaijan SSR was established. National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_sentence_32

The first elections to Supreme Soviet took place on June 24, 1938. National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_sentence_33

Out of 310 deputies elected, 107 were workers, 88 collective farmers and 115 educated civil servants. National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_sentence_34

Seventy two of the deputies were women. National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_sentence_35

Due to the authoritarian nature of Soviet rule where most new initiatives were met as conspiracies against the state, the parliament was virtually ineffective. National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_sentence_36

Due to multiple reforms and restructuring in the government of the Azerbaijan SSR in the 1970s-1980s, the role of the Supreme Soviet increased. National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_sentence_37

Many legislative reforms including the ratification of the new Azerbaijan SSR Constitution of 1977 took place. National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_sentence_38

After the demands of the Armenian SSR to transfer the NKAO region of Azerbaijan to Armenia, the parliament was largely passive and indifferent. National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_sentence_39

On October 18, 1991 the Supreme Soviet passed a resolution confirming the restoration of the independence of Azerbaijan. National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_sentence_40

Parliament of the Republic of Azerbaijan National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_section_3

The first Azerbaijani parliamentary election was held in late 1990, when the Supreme Soviet already held discussions on independence of Azerbaijan from the Soviet Union. National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_sentence_41

The 1995 parliamentary election was the first to be held after restoration of Azerbaijan's independence. National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_sentence_42

The assembly is headed by its Speaker assisted by the First Deputy Speaker and two deputy speakers. National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_sentence_43

Ogtay Asadov is the current speaker of the assembly, Ziyafet Asgarov is the First Deputy Speaker and, Bahar Muradova and Valeh Alasgarov are deputy speakers. National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_sentence_44

The work at the parliament is administered by the Parliament Apparatus headed by Sefa Mirzayev, aided by Assistant Manager Elkhan Ahmadov. National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_sentence_45

The Parliament Apparatus is subdivided into Department of State Roster for Territorial Units and Municipalities, and Codification Sector Department. National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_sentence_46

In the 2010 parliamentary elections, the ruling New Azerbaijan Party strengthened its grasp on the legislature, securing a majority of 73 out of 125 seats. National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_sentence_47

The other seats went to nominally independent, government-leaning candidates, and to "soft opposition" parties. National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_sentence_48

The two major opposition parties (Musavat and the Parties of the People's Front of Azerbaijan) lost their previous eight seats, thus resulting in an opposition-free Parliament. National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_sentence_49

The Central Election Commission said turnout was 50.1%, out of a total 4.9 million people eligible to vote. National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_sentence_50

Opposition leaders suggested the low turnout was due to candidate disqualifications by the CEC, and consequent discouragements to vote after their choice of candidate was excluded. National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_sentence_51

The United States declared that the elections "did not meet international standards", while the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, EU and Council of Europe highlighted some positive aspects, while stating that "the conduct of the elections did not represent significant progress in the process of the country’s democratic development". National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_sentence_52

2015 Parliamentary elections resulted in 72 seats won by ruling party. National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_sentence_53

Currently Parliament consists National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_sentence_54

of 15 parliamentary committees: National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_sentence_55

National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_unordered_list_0

  • Legal Policies and State Structuring Committee, chaired by first deputy speaker of the parliament, MP Ali HuseynliNational Assembly (Azerbaijan)_item_0_0
  • Defense and Security Committee, chaired by MP Ziyafet AsgarovNational Assembly (Azerbaijan)_item_0_1
  • Economic Policies Committee, chaired by MP Tahir MirkishiliNational Assembly (Azerbaijan)_item_0_2
  • Committee on Natural Resources, Energy and Ecology, chaired by MP Sadig GurbanovNational Assembly (Azerbaijan)_item_0_3
  • Committee on Agrarian Policies, chaired by MP Tahir RzayevNational Assembly (Azerbaijan)_item_0_4
  • Social Policies Committee, chaired by MP Musa GuliyevNational Assembly (Azerbaijan)_item_0_5
  • Committee on Regional Issues, chaired by MP Siyavush NovruzovNational Assembly (Azerbaijan)_item_0_6
  • Committee on Science and Education, chaired by MP Bakhtiyar AliyevNational Assembly (Azerbaijan)_item_0_7
  • Committee on Cultural Issues, chaired by MP Ganira PashayevaNational Assembly (Azerbaijan)_item_0_8
  • Committee on Public Unions and Religious entities, chaired by deputy speaker of the Parliament, MP Fazail IbrahimliNational Assembly (Azerbaijan)_item_0_9
  • Committee on Youth and Sport, chaired by deputy speaker of the Parliament, MP Adil AliyevNational Assembly (Azerbaijan)_item_0_10
  • Committee on Health Issues, chaired by MP Ahliman EmiraslanovNational Assembly (Azerbaijan)_item_0_11
  • Committee on Family, Women and Children affairs, chaired by MP Hijran HuseynovaNational Assembly (Azerbaijan)_item_0_12
  • International and Interparliamentary Relations Committee, chaired by MP Samad SeyidovNational Assembly (Azerbaijan)_item_0_13
  • Human Rights Committee, chaired by MP Zahid OrujNational Assembly (Azerbaijan)_item_0_14

In addition to the parliamentary committees, Milli Majlis has a Chamber of Accounting, Toponyms and Disciplinary Commissions. National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_sentence_56

The Disciplinary Commission is chaired by MP Eldar Ibrahimov. National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_sentence_57

The parliament publishes its own newspaper, Azərbaycan qəzeti (Azerbaijan newspaper), widely distributed around the country. National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_sentence_58

Parliament also established more than 80 "Interparliamentary working groups" with the parliaments of more than 80 states in the world. National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_sentence_59

Chairmen of the National Assembly (Supreme Soviet to 1991, National Council 1991–1992) of Azerbaijan National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_section_4

National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_unordered_list_1

  • Elmira Gafarova February 5, 1991–March 5, 1992.National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_item_1_15
  • Yagub Mammadov March 5, 1992–May 18, 1992National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_item_1_16
  • Isa Gambar May 18, 1992–June 13, 1993National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_item_1_17
  • Heydar Aliyev June 24, 1993–November 5, 1993National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_item_1_18
  • Rasul Guliyev November 5, 1993–September 11, 1996National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_item_1_19
  • Murtuz Alasgarov October 16, 1996–December 2, 2005National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_item_1_20
  • Ogtay Asadov December 2, 2005– March 10, 2020National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_item_1_21
  • Sahiba Gafarova March 10, 2020–todayNational Assembly (Azerbaijan)_item_1_22

See also National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_section_5

National Assembly (Azerbaijan)_unordered_list_2

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: Assembly (Azerbaijan).