National Basketball Association

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"NBA" redirects here. National Basketball Association_sentence_0

For other uses, see NBA (disambiguation). National Basketball Association_sentence_1

National Basketball Association_table_infobox_0

National Basketball Association (NBA)National Basketball Association_table_caption_0
SportNational Basketball Association_header_cell_0_0_0 BasketballNational Basketball Association_cell_0_0_1
FoundedNational Basketball Association_header_cell_0_1_0 June 6, 1946; 74 years ago (1946-06-06)

(as BAA), New York City, New York, U.S.National Basketball Association_cell_0_1_1

Inaugural seasonNational Basketball Association_header_cell_0_2_0 1946–47National Basketball Association_cell_0_2_1
CommissionerNational Basketball Association_header_cell_0_3_0 Adam SilverNational Basketball Association_cell_0_3_1
No. of teamsNational Basketball Association_header_cell_0_4_0 30National Basketball Association_cell_0_4_1
CountriesNational Basketball Association_header_cell_0_5_0 United States (29 teams)

Canada (1 team)National Basketball Association_cell_0_5_1

HeadquartersNational Basketball Association_header_cell_0_6_0 New York CityNational Basketball Association_cell_0_6_1
Most recent

champion(s)National Basketball Association_header_cell_0_7_0

Los Angeles Lakers
(17th title)National Basketball Association_cell_0_7_1
Most titlesNational Basketball Association_header_cell_0_8_0 Boston Celtics

Los Angeles Lakers (17 each)National Basketball Association_cell_0_8_1

TV partner(s)National Basketball Association_header_cell_0_9_0 United States:

Canada:National Basketball Association_cell_0_9_1

Official websiteNational Basketball Association_header_cell_0_10_0 National Basketball Association_cell_0_10_1

The National Basketball Association (NBA) is an American men's professional basketball league. National Basketball Association_sentence_2

It is composed of 30 teams (29 in the United States and 1 in Canada) and is one of the four major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada. National Basketball Association_sentence_3

It is the premier men's professional basketball league in the world. National Basketball Association_sentence_4

The league was founded in New York City on June 6, 1946, as the Basketball Association of America (BAA). National Basketball Association_sentence_5

It changed its name to the National Basketball Association on August 3, 1949, after merging with the competing National Basketball League (NBL). National Basketball Association_sentence_6

The NBA's regular season runs from October to April, with each team playing 82 games. National Basketball Association_sentence_7

The league's playoff tournament extends into June. National Basketball Association_sentence_8

As of 2020, NBA players are the world's best paid athletes by average annual salary per player. National Basketball Association_sentence_9

The NBA is an active member of USA Basketball (USAB), which is recognized by the FIBA (International Basketball Federation) as the national governing body for basketball in the United States. National Basketball Association_sentence_10

The league's several international as well as individual team offices are directed out of its head offices in Midtown Manhattan, while its NBA Entertainment and NBA TV studios are directed out of offices located in Secaucus, New Jersey. National Basketball Association_sentence_11

The NBA is the third wealthiest professional sport league after the National Football League (NFL) and Major League Baseball (MLB) by revenue. National Basketball Association_sentence_12

History National Basketball Association_section_0

Creation and BAA–NBL merger (1946–1956) National Basketball Association_section_1

Main article: Basketball Association of America National Basketball Association_sentence_13

The Basketball Association of America was founded in 1946 by owners of the major ice hockey arenas in the Northeastern and Midwestern United States and Canada. National Basketball Association_sentence_14

On November 1, 1946, in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, the Toronto Huskies hosted the New York Knickerbockers at Maple Leaf Gardens, in a game the NBA now refers to as the first game played in NBA history. National Basketball Association_sentence_15

The first basket was made by Ossie Schectman of the Knickerbockers. National Basketball Association_sentence_16

Although there had been earlier attempts at professional basketball leagues, including the American Basketball League and the NBL, the BAA was the first league to attempt to play primarily in large arenas in major cities. National Basketball Association_sentence_17

During its early years, the quality of play in the BAA was not significantly better than in competing leagues or among leading independent clubs such as the Harlem Globetrotters. National Basketball Association_sentence_18

For instance, the 1948 ABL finalist Baltimore Bullets moved to the BAA and won that league's 1948 title, and the 1948 NBL champion Minneapolis Lakers won the 1949 BAA title. National Basketball Association_sentence_19

Prior to the 1948–49 season, however, NBL teams from Fort Wayne, Indianapolis, Minneapolis, and Rochester jumped to the BAA, which established the BAA as the league of choice for collegians looking to turn professional. National Basketball Association_sentence_20

On August 3, 1949, the remaining NBL teams–Syracuse, Anderson, Tri-Cities, Sheboygan, Denver, and Waterloo–merged into the BAA. National Basketball Association_sentence_21

In deference to the merger and to avoid possible legal complications, the league name was changed to the present National Basketball Association, even though the merged league retained the BAA's governing body, including Maurice Podoloff as president. National Basketball Association_sentence_22

To this day, the NBA claims the BAA's history as its own. National Basketball Association_sentence_23

It now reckons the arrival of the NBL teams as an expansion, not a merger, and does not recognize NBL records and statistics. National Basketball Association_sentence_24

The new league had seventeen franchises located in a mix of large and small cities, as well as large arenas and smaller gymnasiums and armories. National Basketball Association_sentence_25

In 1950, the NBA consolidated to eleven franchises, a process that continued until 1953–54, when the league reached its smallest size of eight franchises: the New York Knicks, Boston Celtics, Philadelphia Warriors, Minneapolis Lakers, Rochester Royals, Fort Wayne Pistons, Tri-Cities Blackhawks, and Syracuse Nationals, all of which remain in the league today. National Basketball Association_sentence_26

The process of contraction saw the league's smaller-city franchises move to larger cities. National Basketball Association_sentence_27

The Hawks shifted from the Tri-Cities to Milwaukee in 1951, and then to St. National Basketball Association_sentence_28 Louis in 1955. National Basketball Association_sentence_29

The Rochester Royals moved from Rochester, New York, to Cincinnati in 1957 and the Pistons moved from Fort Wayne, Indiana, to Detroit in 1957. National Basketball Association_sentence_30

Japanese-American Wataru Misaka broke the NBA color barrier in the 1947–48 season when he played for the New York Knicks. National Basketball Association_sentence_31

He remained the only non-white player in league history prior to the first African-American, Harold Hunter, signing with the Washington Capitols in 1950. National Basketball Association_sentence_32

Hunter was cut from the team during training camp, but several African-American players did play in the league later that year, including Chuck Cooper with the Celtics, Nathaniel "Sweetwater" Clifton with the Knicks, and Earl Lloyd with the Washington Capitols. National Basketball Association_sentence_33

During this period, the Minneapolis Lakers, led by center George Mikan, won five NBA Championships and established themselves as the league's first dynasty. National Basketball Association_sentence_34

To encourage shooting and discourage stalling, the league introduced the 24-second shot clock in 1954. National Basketball Association_sentence_35

If a team does not attempt to score a field goal (or the ball fails to make contact with the rim) within 24 seconds of obtaining the ball, play is stopped and the ball given to its opponent. National Basketball Association_sentence_36

Celtics' dominance, league expansion and competition (1956–1979) National Basketball Association_section_2

In 1957, rookie center Bill Russell joined the Boston Celtics, which already featured guard Bob Cousy and coach Red Auerbach, and went on to lead the franchise to eleven NBA titles in thirteen seasons. National Basketball Association_sentence_37

Center Wilt Chamberlain entered the league with the Warriors in 1959 and became a dominant individual star of the 1960s, setting new single game records in scoring (100) and rebounding (55). National Basketball Association_sentence_38

Russell's rivalry with Chamberlain became one of the greatest rivalries in the history of American team sports. National Basketball Association_sentence_39

The 1960s were dominated by the Celtics. National Basketball Association_sentence_40

Led by Russell, Cousy, and Auerbach, Boston won eight straight championships in the NBA from 1959 to 1966. National Basketball Association_sentence_41

This championship streak is the longest in NBA history. National Basketball Association_sentence_42

They did not win the title in 1966–67, but regained it in the 1967–68 season and repeated in 1969. National Basketball Association_sentence_43

The domination totaled nine of the ten championship banners of the 1960s. National Basketball Association_sentence_44

Through this period, the NBA continued to evolve with the shift of the Minneapolis Lakers to Los Angeles, the Philadelphia Warriors to San Francisco, the Syracuse Nationals to Philadelphia to become the Philadelphia 76ers, and the St. National Basketball Association_sentence_45 Louis Hawks moving to Atlanta, as well as the addition of its first expansion franchises. National Basketball Association_sentence_46

The Chicago Packers (now Washington Wizards) became the ninth NBA team in 1961. National Basketball Association_sentence_47

From 1966 to 1968, the league expanded from 9 to 14 teams, introducing the Chicago Bulls, Seattle SuperSonics (now Oklahoma City Thunder), San Diego Rockets (who moved to Houston four years later), Milwaukee Bucks, and Phoenix Suns. National Basketball Association_sentence_48

In 1967, the league faced a new external threat with the formation of the American Basketball Association (ABA). National Basketball Association_sentence_49

The leagues engaged in a bidding war. National Basketball Association_sentence_50

The NBA landed the most important college star of the era, Kareem Abdul-Jabbar (then known as Lew Alcindor). National Basketball Association_sentence_51

However, the NBA's leading scorer, Rick Barry, jumped to the ABA, as did four veteran referees—Norm Drucker, Earl Strom, John Vanak, and Joe Gushue. National Basketball Association_sentence_52

In 1969, Alan Siegel, who oversaw the design of Jerry Dior's Major League Baseball logo a year prior, created the modern NBA logo inspired by the MLB's. National Basketball Association_sentence_53

It incorporates the silhouette of Jerry West, based on a photo by Wen Roberts, although NBA officials denied a particular player as being its influence because, according to Siegel, "They want to institutionalize it rather than individualize it. National Basketball Association_sentence_54

It's become such a ubiquitous, classic symbol and focal point of their identity and their licensing program that they don't necessarily want to identify it with one player." National Basketball Association_sentence_55

The iconic logo debuted in 1971 (with a small change to the typeface on the NBA wordmark in 2017) and would remain a fixture of the NBA brand. National Basketball Association_sentence_56

The ABA succeeded in signing a number of major stars in the 1970s, including Julius Erving of the Virginia Squires, in part because it allowed teams to sign college undergraduates. National Basketball Association_sentence_57

The NBA expanded rapidly during this period, one purpose being to tie up the most viable cities. National Basketball Association_sentence_58

From 1966 to 1974, the NBA grew from nine franchises to 18. National Basketball Association_sentence_59

In 1970, the Portland Trail Blazers, Cleveland Cavaliers, and Buffalo Braves (now the Los Angeles Clippers) all made their debuts expanding the league to 17. National Basketball Association_sentence_60

The New Orleans Jazz (now in Utah) came aboard in 1974 bringing the total to 18. National Basketball Association_sentence_61

Following the 1976 season, the leagues reached a settlement that provided for the addition of four ABA franchises to the NBA, raising the number of franchises in the league at that time to 22. National Basketball Association_sentence_62

The franchises added were the San Antonio Spurs, Denver Nuggets, Indiana Pacers, and New York Nets (now the Brooklyn Nets). National Basketball Association_sentence_63

Some of the biggest stars of this era were Abdul-Jabbar, Barry, Dave Cowens, Erving, Elvin Hayes, Walt Frazier, Moses Malone, Artis Gilmore, George Gervin, Dan Issel, and Pete Maravich. National Basketball Association_sentence_64

The end of the decade, however, saw declining TV ratings, low attendance and drug-related player issues – both perceived and real – that threatened to derail the league. National Basketball Association_sentence_65

Surging popularity (1979–1998) National Basketball Association_section_3

The league added the ABA's three-point field goal beginning in 1979. National Basketball Association_sentence_66

That same year, rookies Larry Bird and Magic Johnson joined the Boston Celtics and Los Angeles Lakers respectively, initiating a period of significant growth in fan interest in the NBA. National Basketball Association_sentence_67

The two had faced each other in the 1979 NCAA Division I Basketball Championship Game, and they later played against each other in three NBA Finals (1984, 1985, and 1987). National Basketball Association_sentence_68

In the 10 seasons of the 1980s, Johnson led the Lakers to five titles while Bird led the Celtics to three titles. National Basketball Association_sentence_69

Also in the early 1980s, the NBA added one more expansion franchise, the Dallas Mavericks, bringing the total to 23 teams. National Basketball Association_sentence_70

Later on, Larry Bird won the first three three-point shooting contests. National Basketball Association_sentence_71

On February 1, 1984 David Stern became commissioner of the NBA. National Basketball Association_sentence_72

Stern has been recognized as playing a major role in the growth of the league during his career. National Basketball Association_sentence_73

Michael Jordan entered the league in 1984 with the Chicago Bulls, spurring more interest in the league. National Basketball Association_sentence_74

In 1988 and 1989, four cities got their wishes as the Charlotte Hornets, Miami Heat, Orlando Magic, and Minnesota Timberwolves made their NBA debuts, bringing the total to 27 teams. National Basketball Association_sentence_75

The Detroit Pistons won the back-to-back NBA Championships in 1989 and 1990, led by coach Chuck Daly and guard Isiah Thomas. National Basketball Association_sentence_76

Jordan and Scottie Pippen led the Bulls to two three-peats in eight years during the 1991–1998 seasons. National Basketball Association_sentence_77

Hakeem Olajuwon won back-to-back titles with the Houston Rockets in 1994 and 1995. National Basketball Association_sentence_78

The 1992 Olympic basketball Dream Team, the first to use current NBA stars, featured Michael Jordan as the anchor, along with Bird, Johnson, David Robinson, Patrick Ewing, Scottie Pippen, Clyde Drexler, Karl Malone, John Stockton, Chris Mullin, Charles Barkley, and star NCAA amateur Christian Laettner. National Basketball Association_sentence_79

The team was elected to the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame, and 11 players and three coaches have been elected to the Hall of Fame as individuals. National Basketball Association_sentence_80

In 1995, the NBA expanded to Canada with the addition of the Vancouver Grizzlies and the Toronto Raptors. National Basketball Association_sentence_81

In 1996, the NBA created a women's league, the Women's National Basketball Association (WNBA). National Basketball Association_sentence_82

Lakers' and Spurs' dynasties (1998–2014) National Basketball Association_section_4

In 1998, the NBA owners began a lockout that suspended all league business until a new labor agreement could be reached, which led to the season being shortened in half. National Basketball Association_sentence_83

The San Antonio Spurs won the championship at the end of the 1998–99 season, becoming the first former ABA team to win the NBA championship. National Basketball Association_sentence_84

After the breakup of the Chicago Bulls championship roster in the summer of 1998, the Western Conference has dominated. National Basketball Association_sentence_85

The Los Angeles Lakers of coach Phil Jackson and the San Antonio Spurs of Gregg Popovich combined to make 13 Finals in 16 seasons, with 10 titles. National Basketball Association_sentence_86

Tim Duncan and David Robinson won the 1999 championship with the Spurs, and Shaquille O'Neal and Kobe Bryant started the 2000s with three consecutive championships for the Lakers. National Basketball Association_sentence_87

The Spurs reclaimed the title in 2003 against the Nets. National Basketball Association_sentence_88

In 2004, the Lakers returned to the Finals, only to lose in five games to the Detroit Pistons. National Basketball Association_sentence_89

The league's image was marred by a violent incident between players and fans in a November 2004 game between the Indiana Pacers and Detroit Pistons. National Basketball Association_sentence_90

In response, players were suspended for a total of 146 games with $11 million total lost in salary, and the league tightened security and limited the sale of alcohol. National Basketball Association_sentence_91

After the Spurs won the championship again in 2005, the 2006 Finals featured two franchises making their inaugural Finals appearances. National Basketball Association_sentence_92

The Miami Heat, led by their star shooting guard, Dwyane Wade, and Shaquille O'Neal, who had been traded from the Lakers during summer 2004, won the series over the Dallas Mavericks. National Basketball Association_sentence_93

The Lakers/Spurs dominance continued in 2007 with a four-game sweep by the Spurs over the LeBron James-led Cleveland Cavaliers. National Basketball Association_sentence_94

The 2008 Finals saw a rematch of the league's highest profile rivalry, the Boston Celtics and Los Angeles Lakers, with the Celtics winning, for their 17th championship. National Basketball Association_sentence_95

The Lakers won back-to-back championships in 2009 and 2010, against the Orlando Magic and the Celtics. National Basketball Association_sentence_96

The 2010 NBA All-Star Game was held at Cowboys Stadium in front of the largest crowd ever, 108,713. National Basketball Association_sentence_97

A referee lockout began on September 1, 2009, when the contract between the NBA and its referees expired. National Basketball Association_sentence_98

The first preseason games were played on October 1, 2009, and replacement referees from the WNBA and NBA Development League were used, the first time replacement referees had been used since the beginning of the 1995–96 season. National Basketball Association_sentence_99

The NBA and the regular referees reached a deal on October 23, 2009. National Basketball Association_sentence_100

At the start of the 2010–11 season, free agents LeBron James and Chris Bosh signed with the Miami Heat, joining Dwyane Wade to form the "Big Three." National Basketball Association_sentence_101

The Heat dominated the league, reaching the Finals for four straight years. National Basketball Association_sentence_102

In 2011, they faced a re-match with the Dallas Mavericks but lost to the Dirk Nowitzki-led team. National Basketball Association_sentence_103

They won back-to-back titles in 2012 and 2013 against the Oklahoma City Thunder and the Spurs, and lost a re-match to the Spurs in the 2014 Finals. National Basketball Association_sentence_104

The 2011–12 season began with another lockout, the league's fourth. National Basketball Association_sentence_105

After the first few weeks of the season were canceled, the players and owners ratified a new collective bargaining agreement on December 8, 2011, setting up a shortened 66-game season. National Basketball Association_sentence_106

On February 1, 2014, commissioner David Stern retired after 30 years in the position, and was succeeded by his deputy, Adam Silver. National Basketball Association_sentence_107

Recent years (2014–present) National Basketball Association_section_5

After four seasons with the Miami Heat, LeBron James returned to the Cleveland Cavaliers for the 2014–15 season. National Basketball Association_sentence_108

He led the team to their second Finals appearance with the help of Kyrie Irving and Kevin Love. National Basketball Association_sentence_109

The Golden State Warriors defeated the Cavaliers in six games, led by the "Splash Brothers" Stephen Curry and Klay Thompson. National Basketball Association_sentence_110

The Cavaliers and the Warriors faced each other in the Finals a record four consecutive times. National Basketball Association_sentence_111

In the 2015–16 season, the Warriors finished the season 73–9, the best season record in NBA history. National Basketball Association_sentence_112

However, the Cavaliers overcame a 3–1 deficit in the Finals to win their first championship that season. National Basketball Association_sentence_113

In the 2016–17 season, the Warriors benefited from the recruitment of free agent Kevin Durant. National Basketball Association_sentence_114

The Warriors won the 2017 and 2018 Finals against the Cavaliers. National Basketball Association_sentence_115

After the departure of James in free agency in 2018, the Cavaliers' streak of playoff and Finals appearances ended. National Basketball Association_sentence_116

The Warriors returned for a fifth consecutive Finals appearance in 2019, but lost to the Toronto Raptors, who won their first championship after acquiring Kawhi Leonard in a trade. National Basketball Association_sentence_117

The 2019–20 season was suspended indefinitely on March 11, 2020, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, after Utah Jazz center Rudy Gobert tested positive for the coronavirus. National Basketball Association_sentence_118

On June 4, 2020, the NBA Board of Governors voted to resume the season in a 22-team format with 8 seeding games per team and a regular playoffs format, with all games played in a "bubble" in Walt Disney World without any fans present. National Basketball Association_sentence_119

This era also saw the continuous near year by year decline in NBA viewership. National Basketball Association_sentence_120

Between 2012 and 2019, the league lost 40 to 45 percent of it viewership. National Basketball Association_sentence_121

While some of it can be attributed to "cable-cutting", other professional leagues, like the NFL and MLB have retained a stable viewership demographics. National Basketball Association_sentence_122

Opening game of the 2020 Finals between the Los Angeles Lakers and Miami Heat brought in only 7.41 million viewers to ABC, according to The Hollywood Reporter. National Basketball Association_sentence_123

That is reportedly the lowest viewership seen for the Finals since at least 1994, when total viewers began to be regularly recorded and is a 45 percent decline from game one between the Golden State Warriors and Toronto Raptors, which had 13.51 million viewers a year earlier. National Basketball Association_sentence_124

Some attribute this decline to the political stances the league and its players are taking, while other consider load management, the uneven talent distribution between the conferences and cord cutting of younger viewers as the main reason for decline. National Basketball Association_sentence_125

International influence National Basketball Association_section_6

Further information: List of foreign NBA players National Basketball Association_sentence_126

Following pioneers like Vlade Divac (Serbia) and Dražen Petrović (Croatia) who joined the NBA in the late 1980s, an increasing number of international players have moved directly from playing elsewhere in the world to starring in the NBA. National Basketball Association_sentence_127

Since 2006, the NBA has faced EuroLeague teams in exhibition matches in the NBA Europe Live Tour, and since 2009, in the EuroLeague American Tour. National Basketball Association_sentence_128

The 2013–14 season opened with a record 92 international players on the opening night rosters, representing 39 countries and comprising over 20% of the league. National Basketball Association_sentence_129

The beginning of the 2017–18 season saw a record 108 international players representing 42 different countries marking 4 consecutive years of at least 100 international players and each team having at least one international player. National Basketball Association_sentence_130

In 2018, the Phoenix Suns hired Serbian coach Igor Kokoškov as their new head coach, replacing Canadian interim coach Jay Triano, making Kokoškov the first European coach to become a head coach for a team in the NBA. National Basketball Association_sentence_131

Other developments National Basketball Association_section_7

In 2001, an affiliated minor league, the National Basketball Development League, now called the NBA G League, was created. National Basketball Association_sentence_132

Two years after the Hornets' move to New Orleans, the NBA returned to North Carolina, as the Charlotte Bobcats were formed as an expansion team in 2004. National Basketball Association_sentence_133

The Hornets temporarily moved to Oklahoma City in 2005 for two seasons because of damage caused by Hurricane Katrina. National Basketball Association_sentence_134

The team returned to New Orleans in 2007. National Basketball Association_sentence_135

A new official game ball was introduced on June 28, 2006, for the 2006–07 season, marking the first change to the ball in over 35 years and only the second ball in 60 seasons. National Basketball Association_sentence_136

Manufactured by Spalding, the new ball featured a new design and new synthetic material that Spalding claimed offered a better grip, feel, and consistency than the original ball. National Basketball Association_sentence_137

However, many players were vocal in their disdain for the new ball, saying that it was too sticky when dry, and too slippery when wet. National Basketball Association_sentence_138

Commissioner Stern announced on December 11, 2006, that beginning January 1, 2007, the NBA would return to the traditional leather basketball in use prior to the 2006–07 season. National Basketball Association_sentence_139

The change was influenced by frequent player complaints and confirmed hand injuries (cuts) caused by the microfiber ball. National Basketball Association_sentence_140

The Players' Association had filed a suit on behalf of the players against the NBA over the new ball. National Basketball Association_sentence_141

As of the 2017–18 season, the NBA team jerseys are manufactured by Nike, replacing the previous supplier, Adidas. National Basketball Association_sentence_142

All teams will wear jerseys with the Nike logo except the Charlotte Hornets, whose jerseys will instead have the Jumpman logo associated with longtime Nike endorser Michael Jordan, who owns the Hornets. National Basketball Association_sentence_143

The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) began an investigation on July 19, 2007, over allegations that veteran NBA referee Tim Donaghy bet on basketball games he officiated over the past two seasons and that he made calls affecting the point spread in those games. National Basketball Association_sentence_144

On August 15, 2007, Donaghy pleaded guilty to two federal charges related to the investigation. National Basketball Association_sentence_145

Donaghy claimed in 2008 that certain referees were friendly with players and "company men" for the NBA, and he alleged that referees influenced the outcome of certain playoff and finals games in 2002 and 2005. National Basketball Association_sentence_146

NBA commissioner David Stern denied the allegations and said Donaghy was a convicted felon and a "singing, cooperating witness". National Basketball Association_sentence_147

Donaghy served 15 months in prison and was released in November 2009. National Basketball Association_sentence_148

According to an independent study by Ronald Beech of Game 6 of the 2002 Western Conference Finals between the Los Angeles Lakers and Sacramento Kings, although the refs increased the Lakers' chances of winning through foul calls during the game, there was no collusion to fix the game. National Basketball Association_sentence_149

On alleged "star treatment" during Game 6 by the referees toward certain players, Beech claimed, "there does seem to be issues with different standards and allowances for different players." National Basketball Association_sentence_150

The NBA Board of Governors approved the request of the Seattle SuperSonics to move to Oklahoma City on April 18, 2008. National Basketball Association_sentence_151

The team, however, could not move until it had settled a lawsuit filed by the city of Seattle, which was intended to keep the SuperSonics in Seattle for the remaining two seasons of the team's lease at KeyArena. National Basketball Association_sentence_152

Following a court case, the city of Seattle settled with the ownership group of the SuperSonics on July 2, 2008, allowing the team to move to Oklahoma City immediately in exchange for terminating the final two seasons of the team's lease at KeyArena. National Basketball Association_sentence_153

The Oklahoma City Thunder began playing in the 2008–09 season. National Basketball Association_sentence_154

The first outdoor game in the modern era of the league was played at the Indian Wells Tennis Garden on October 11, 2008, between the Phoenix Suns and the Denver Nuggets. National Basketball Association_sentence_155

The first official NBA league games on European ground took place in 2011. National Basketball Association_sentence_156

In two matchups, the New Jersey Nets faced the Toronto Raptors at the O2 Arena in London in front of over 20,000 fans. National Basketball Association_sentence_157

After the 2012–13 season, the New Orleans Hornets were renamed the Pelicans. National Basketball Association_sentence_158

During the 2013–14 season, Stern retired as commissioner after 30 years, and deputy commissioner Adam Silver ascended to the position of commissioner. National Basketball Association_sentence_159

During that season's playoffs, the Bobcats officially reclaimed the Hornets name, and by agreement with the league and the Pelicans, also received sole ownership of all history, records, and statistics from the Pelicans' time in Charlotte. National Basketball Association_sentence_160

As a result, the Hornets are now officially considered to have been founded in 1988, suspended operations in 2002, and resumed in 2004 as the Bobcats, while the Pelicans are officially treated as a 2002 expansion team. National Basketball Association_sentence_161

(This is somewhat similar to the relationship between the Cleveland Browns and Baltimore Ravens in the NFL.) National Basketball Association_sentence_162

Donald Sterling, who was then-owner of the Los Angeles Clippers, received a lifetime ban from the NBA on April 29, 2014 after racist remarks he made became public. National Basketball Association_sentence_163

Sterling was also fined US$2.5 million, the maximum allowed under the NBA Constitution. National Basketball Association_sentence_164

Becky Hammon was hired by the San Antonio Spurs on August 5, 2014, as an assistant coach, becoming the second female coach in NBA history but the first full-time coach. National Basketball Association_sentence_165

This also makes her the first full-time female coach in any of the four major professional sports in North America. National Basketball Association_sentence_166

The NBA announced on April 15, 2016, that it would allow all 30 of its teams to sell corporate sponsor advertisement patches on official game uniforms, beginning with the 2017–18 season. National Basketball Association_sentence_167

The sponsorship advertisement patches would appear on the left front of jerseys, opposite Nike's logo, marking the first time a manufacturer's logo would appear on NBA jerseys, and would measure approximately 2.5 by 2.5 inches. National Basketball Association_sentence_168

The NBA would become the first major North American professional sports league to allow corporate sponsorship logos on official team uniforms, and the last to have a uniform manufacturer logo appear on its team uniforms. National Basketball Association_sentence_169

The first team to announce a jersey sponsorship was the Philadelphia 76ers, who agreed to a deal with StubHub. National Basketball Association_sentence_170

On July 6, 2017, the NBA unveiled an updated rendition of its logo; it was largely identical to the previous design, except with revised typography and a "richer" color scheme. National Basketball Association_sentence_171

The league began to phase in the updated logo across its properties during the 2017 NBA Summer League, but it will not immediately be used on equipment or uniforms due to lead time. National Basketball Association_sentence_172

The NBA also officially released new Nike uniforms for all 30 teams beginning with the 2017–18 season. National Basketball Association_sentence_173

The league eliminated "home" and "away" uniform designations. National Basketball Association_sentence_174

Instead, each team would have four or six uniforms: the "Association" edition, which is the team's white uniform, the "Icon" edition, which is the team's color uniform, and the "Statement" and "City" uniforms, which most teams use as an alternate uniform. National Basketball Association_sentence_175

In 2018, the NBA also released the "Earned" uniform. National Basketball Association_sentence_176

Teams National Basketball Association_section_8

See also: List of defunct National Basketball Association teams, List of relocated National Basketball Association teams, Timeline of the National Basketball Association, and Expansion of National Basketball Association National Basketball Association_sentence_177

National Basketball Association_table_infobox_1

The NBA originated in 1946 with 11 teams, and through a sequence of team expansions, reductions, and relocations, currently consists of 30 teams. National Basketball Association_sentence_178

The United States is home to 29 teams; another is in Canada. National Basketball Association_sentence_179

The current league organization divides 30 teams into two conferences of three divisions with five teams each. National Basketball Association_sentence_180

The current divisional alignment was introduced in the 2004–05 season. National Basketball Association_sentence_181

Reflecting the population distribution of the United States and Canada as a whole, most teams are in the eastern half of the country: 13 teams are in the Eastern Time Zone, nine in the Central, three in the Mountain, and five in the Pacific. National Basketball Association_sentence_182

National Basketball Association_description_list_0

Regular season National Basketball Association_section_9

Playoffs National Basketball Association_section_10

Main article: NBA playoffs National Basketball Association_sentence_183

The NBA playoffs begin in April after the conclusion of the regular season with the top eight teams in each conference, regardless of divisional alignment, competing for the league's championship title, the Larry O'Brien Championship Trophy. National Basketball Association_sentence_184

Seeds are awarded in strict order of regular season record (with a tiebreaker system used as needed). National Basketball Association_sentence_185

Having a higher seed offers several advantages. National Basketball Association_sentence_186

Since the first seed begins the playoffs playing against the eighth seed, the second seed plays the seventh seed, the third seed plays the sixth seed, and the fourth seed plays the fifth seed, having a higher seed means a team faces a weaker team in the first round. National Basketball Association_sentence_187

The team in each series with the better record has home court advantage, including the First Round. National Basketball Association_sentence_188

Before the league changed its playoff determination format for the 2006–07 season, this meant that, for example, if the team that received the sixth seed had a better record than the team with the third seed (by virtue of a divisional championship), the sixth seed would have home court advantage, even though the other team had a higher seed. National Basketball Association_sentence_189

Therefore, the team with the best regular season record in the league is guaranteed home court advantage in every series it plays. National Basketball Association_sentence_190

For example, in 2006, the Denver Nuggets won 44 games and captured the Northwest Division and the third seed. National Basketball Association_sentence_191

Their opponent was the sixth-seeded Los Angeles Clippers, who won 47 games and finished second in the Pacific Division. National Basketball Association_sentence_192

Although Denver won its much weaker division, the Clippers had home-court advantage and won the series in 5. National Basketball Association_sentence_193

The playoffs follow a tournament format. National Basketball Association_sentence_194

Each team plays an opponent in a best-of-seven series, with the first team to win four games advancing into the next round, while the other team is eliminated from the playoffs. National Basketball Association_sentence_195

In the next round, the successful team plays against another advancing team of the same conference. National Basketball Association_sentence_196

All but one team in each conference are eliminated from the playoffs. National Basketball Association_sentence_197

Since the NBA does not re-seed teams, the playoff bracket in each conference uses a traditional design, with the winner of the series matching the first- and eighth-seeded teams playing the winner of the series matching the fourth- and fifth-seeded teams, and the winner of the series matching the second- and seventh-seeded teams playing the winner of the series matching the third- and sixth-seeded teams. National Basketball Association_sentence_198

In every round, the best-of-7 series follows a 2–2–1–1–1 home-court pattern, meaning that one team will have home court in games 1, 2, 5, and 7, while the other plays at home in games 3, 4, and 6. National Basketball Association_sentence_199

From 1985 to 2013, the NBA Finals followed a 2–3–2 pattern, meaning that one team had home court in games 1, 2, 6, and 7, while the other played at home in games 3, 4, and 5. National Basketball Association_sentence_200

The final playoff round, a best-of-seven series between the victors of both conferences, is known as the NBA Finals, and is held annually in June. National Basketball Association_sentence_201

The winner of the NBA Finals receives the Larry O'Brien Championship Trophy. National Basketball Association_sentence_202

Each player and major contributor—including coaches and the general manager—on the winning team receive a championship ring. National Basketball Association_sentence_203

In addition, the league awards the Bill Russell NBA Finals Most Valuable Player Award to the best performing player of the series. National Basketball Association_sentence_204

The league began using its current format, with the top eight teams in each conference advancing regardless of divisional alignment, in the 2015–16 season. National Basketball Association_sentence_205

Previously, the top three seeds went to the division winners. National Basketball Association_sentence_206

Championships National Basketball Association_section_11

Main article: List of NBA champions National Basketball Association_sentence_207

The Los Angeles Lakers and the Boston Celtics have won the most championships with each having 17 NBA Finals wins. National Basketball Association_sentence_208

The third most successful franchise is the Golden State Warriors, who have six overall championships (2 in Philadelphia, 4 in Oakland). National Basketball Association_sentence_209

Following the Warriors are the Chicago Bulls with six championships and the San Antonio Spurs with five championships, all since 1999. National Basketball Association_sentence_210

National Basketball Association_table_general_2

TeamsNational Basketball Association_header_cell_2_0_0 WinNational Basketball Association_header_cell_2_0_1 LossNational Basketball Association_header_cell_2_0_2 TotalNational Basketball Association_header_cell_2_0_3 Year(s) wonNational Basketball Association_header_cell_2_0_4 Year(s) runner-upNational Basketball Association_header_cell_2_0_5
Minneapolis/Los Angeles LakersNational Basketball Association_cell_2_1_0 17National Basketball Association_cell_2_1_1 15National Basketball Association_cell_2_1_2 32National Basketball Association_cell_2_1_3 1949, 1950, 1952, 1953, 1954, 1972, 1980, 1982, 1985, 1987, 1988, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2009, 2010, 2020National Basketball Association_cell_2_1_4 1959, 1962, 1963, 1965, 1966, 1968, 1969, 1970, 1973, 1983, 1984, 1989, 1991, 2004, 2008National Basketball Association_cell_2_1_5
Boston CelticsNational Basketball Association_cell_2_2_0 17National Basketball Association_cell_2_2_1 4National Basketball Association_cell_2_2_2 21National Basketball Association_cell_2_2_3 1957, 1959, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1968, 1969, 1974, 1976, 1981, 1984, 1986, 2008National Basketball Association_cell_2_2_4 1958, 1985, 1987, 2010National Basketball Association_cell_2_2_5
Philadelphia/San Francisco/Golden State WarriorsNational Basketball Association_cell_2_3_0 6National Basketball Association_cell_2_3_1 5National Basketball Association_cell_2_3_2 11National Basketball Association_cell_2_3_3 1947, 1956, 1975, 2015, 2017, 2018National Basketball Association_cell_2_3_4 1948, 1964, 1967, 2016, 2019National Basketball Association_cell_2_3_5
Chicago BullsNational Basketball Association_cell_2_4_0 6National Basketball Association_cell_2_4_1 0National Basketball Association_cell_2_4_2 6National Basketball Association_cell_2_4_3 1991, 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 1998National Basketball Association_cell_2_4_4 National Basketball Association_cell_2_4_5
San Antonio SpursNational Basketball Association_cell_2_5_0 5National Basketball Association_cell_2_5_1 1National Basketball Association_cell_2_5_2 6National Basketball Association_cell_2_5_3 1999, 2003, 2005, 2007, 2014National Basketball Association_cell_2_5_4 2013National Basketball Association_cell_2_5_5
Syracuse Nationals/Philadelphia 76ersNational Basketball Association_cell_2_6_0 3National Basketball Association_cell_2_6_1 6National Basketball Association_cell_2_6_2 9National Basketball Association_cell_2_6_3 1955, 1967, 1983National Basketball Association_cell_2_6_4 1950, 1954, 1977, 1980, 1982, 2001National Basketball Association_cell_2_6_5
Fort Wayne/Detroit PistonsNational Basketball Association_cell_2_7_0 3National Basketball Association_cell_2_7_1 4National Basketball Association_cell_2_7_2 7National Basketball Association_cell_2_7_3 1989, 1990, 2004National Basketball Association_cell_2_7_4 1955, 1956, 1988, 2005National Basketball Association_cell_2_7_5
Miami HeatNational Basketball Association_cell_2_8_0 3National Basketball Association_cell_2_8_1 3National Basketball Association_cell_2_8_2 6National Basketball Association_cell_2_8_3 2006, 2012, 2013National Basketball Association_cell_2_8_4 2011, 2014, 2020National Basketball Association_cell_2_8_5
New York KnicksNational Basketball Association_cell_2_9_0 2National Basketball Association_cell_2_9_1 6National Basketball Association_cell_2_9_2 8National Basketball Association_cell_2_9_3 1970, 1973National Basketball Association_cell_2_9_4 1951, 1952, 1953, 1972, 1994, 1999National Basketball Association_cell_2_9_5
Houston RocketsNational Basketball Association_cell_2_10_0 2National Basketball Association_cell_2_10_1 2National Basketball Association_cell_2_10_2 4National Basketball Association_cell_2_10_3 1994, 1995National Basketball Association_cell_2_10_4 1981, 1986National Basketball Association_cell_2_10_5
Cleveland CavaliersNational Basketball Association_cell_2_11_0 1National Basketball Association_cell_2_11_1 4National Basketball Association_cell_2_11_2 5National Basketball Association_cell_2_11_3 2016National Basketball Association_cell_2_11_4 2007, 2015, 2017, 2018National Basketball Association_cell_2_11_5
St. Louis/Atlanta HawksNational Basketball Association_cell_2_12_0 1National Basketball Association_cell_2_12_1 3National Basketball Association_cell_2_12_2 4National Basketball Association_cell_2_12_3 1958National Basketball Association_cell_2_12_4 1957, 1960, 1961National Basketball Association_cell_2_12_5
Baltimore/Washington Bullets (now Washington Wizards)National Basketball Association_cell_2_13_0 1National Basketball Association_cell_2_13_1 3National Basketball Association_cell_2_13_2 4National Basketball Association_cell_2_13_3 1978National Basketball Association_cell_2_13_4 1971, 1975, 1979National Basketball Association_cell_2_13_5
Seattle SuperSonics/Oklahoma City ThunderNational Basketball Association_cell_2_14_0 1National Basketball Association_cell_2_14_1 3National Basketball Association_cell_2_14_2 4National Basketball Association_cell_2_14_3 1979National Basketball Association_cell_2_14_4 1978, 1996, 2012National Basketball Association_cell_2_14_5
Portland Trail BlazersNational Basketball Association_cell_2_15_0 1National Basketball Association_cell_2_15_1 2National Basketball Association_cell_2_15_2 3National Basketball Association_cell_2_15_3 1977National Basketball Association_cell_2_15_4 1990, 1992National Basketball Association_cell_2_15_5
Milwaukee BucksNational Basketball Association_cell_2_16_0 1National Basketball Association_cell_2_16_1 1National Basketball Association_cell_2_16_2 2National Basketball Association_cell_2_16_3 1971National Basketball Association_cell_2_16_4 1974National Basketball Association_cell_2_16_5
Dallas MavericksNational Basketball Association_cell_2_17_0 1National Basketball Association_cell_2_17_1 1National Basketball Association_cell_2_17_2 2National Basketball Association_cell_2_17_3 2011National Basketball Association_cell_2_17_4 2006National Basketball Association_cell_2_17_5
Baltimore Bullets (original) (folded in 1954)National Basketball Association_cell_2_18_0 1National Basketball Association_cell_2_18_1 0National Basketball Association_cell_2_18_2 1National Basketball Association_cell_2_18_3 1948National Basketball Association_cell_2_18_4 National Basketball Association_cell_2_18_5
Rochester Royals (now Sacramento Kings)National Basketball Association_cell_2_19_0 1National Basketball Association_cell_2_19_1 0National Basketball Association_cell_2_19_2 1National Basketball Association_cell_2_19_3 1951National Basketball Association_cell_2_19_4 National Basketball Association_cell_2_19_5
Toronto RaptorsNational Basketball Association_cell_2_20_0 1National Basketball Association_cell_2_20_1 0National Basketball Association_cell_2_20_2 1National Basketball Association_cell_2_20_3 2019National Basketball Association_cell_2_20_4 National Basketball Association_cell_2_20_5
Phoenix SunsNational Basketball Association_cell_2_21_0 0National Basketball Association_cell_2_21_1 2National Basketball Association_cell_2_21_2 2National Basketball Association_cell_2_21_3 National Basketball Association_cell_2_21_4 1976, 1993National Basketball Association_cell_2_21_5
Utah Jazz (formerly New Orleans Jazz)National Basketball Association_cell_2_22_0 0National Basketball Association_cell_2_22_1 2National Basketball Association_cell_2_22_2 2National Basketball Association_cell_2_22_3 National Basketball Association_cell_2_22_4 1997, 1998National Basketball Association_cell_2_22_5
New Jersey Nets (now Brooklyn Nets)National Basketball Association_cell_2_23_0 0National Basketball Association_cell_2_23_1 2National Basketball Association_cell_2_23_2 2National Basketball Association_cell_2_23_3 National Basketball Association_cell_2_23_4 2002, 2003National Basketball Association_cell_2_23_5
Orlando MagicNational Basketball Association_cell_2_24_0 0National Basketball Association_cell_2_24_1 2National Basketball Association_cell_2_24_2 2National Basketball Association_cell_2_24_3 National Basketball Association_cell_2_24_4 1995, 2009National Basketball Association_cell_2_24_5
Chicago Stags (folded in 1950)National Basketball Association_cell_2_25_0 0National Basketball Association_cell_2_25_1 1National Basketball Association_cell_2_25_2 1National Basketball Association_cell_2_25_3 National Basketball Association_cell_2_25_4 1947National Basketball Association_cell_2_25_5
Washington Capitols (folded in 1951)National Basketball Association_cell_2_26_0 0National Basketball Association_cell_2_26_1 1National Basketball Association_cell_2_26_2 1National Basketball Association_cell_2_26_3 National Basketball Association_cell_2_26_4 1949National Basketball Association_cell_2_26_5
Indiana PacersNational Basketball Association_cell_2_27_0 0National Basketball Association_cell_2_27_1 1National Basketball Association_cell_2_27_2 1National Basketball Association_cell_2_27_3 National Basketball Association_cell_2_27_4 2000National Basketball Association_cell_2_27_5

Current teams that have no NBA Finals appearances: National Basketball Association_sentence_211

National Basketball Association_unordered_list_1

Media coverage National Basketball Association_section_12

Main article: National Basketball Association on television National Basketball Association_sentence_212

See also: List of current National Basketball Association broadcasters National Basketball Association_sentence_213

As one of the major sports leagues in North America, the NBA has a long history of partnerships with television networks in the United States. National Basketball Association_sentence_214

The NBA signed a contract with DuMont Television Network in its eighth season, the 1953–54 season, marking the first year the NBA had a national television broadcaster. National Basketball Association_sentence_215

Similar to the National Football League, the lack of television stations led to NBC taking over the rights from the 1954-55 season until April 7, 1962–NBC's first tenure with the NBA. National Basketball Association_sentence_216

Currently in the U.S., the NBA has a contract with ESPN and TNT through the 2024–25 season. National Basketball Association_sentence_217

Games that are not broadcast nationally are usually aired over regional sports networks specific to the area where the teams are located. National Basketball Association_sentence_218

International competitions National Basketball Association_section_13

The National Basketball Association has sporadically participated in international club competitions. National Basketball Association_sentence_219

From 1987 to 1999 the NBA champions played against the continental champions of the FIBA in the McDonald's Championship. National Basketball Association_sentence_220

This tournament was won by the NBA invitee every year it was held. National Basketball Association_sentence_221

Ticket prices and viewership demographics National Basketball Association_section_14

In 2012, a ticket cost from $10 to $3,000 apiece, depending on the location of the seat and the success of the teams that were playing. National Basketball Association_sentence_222

In 2020, ticket prices for the NBA All Star Game became more expensive than ever before, averaging around $2,600, and even more on the secondary market. National Basketball Association_sentence_223

Viewership demographics National Basketball Association_section_15

According to Nielsen's survey, in 2013 the NBA had the youngest audience, with 45 percent of its viewers under 35, but the least likely, along with Major League Baseball, to be watched by women, who make up only 30% of the viewership. National Basketball Association_sentence_224

It also has the highest share of black viewers with 45 percent of its viewers being black and only about 40 percent of viewers being white, making it the only top North American sport that does not have a white majority audience. National Basketball Association_sentence_225

As of 2017, the NBA's popularity further declined among White Americans, who during the 2016–17 season, made up only 34% of the viewership. National Basketball Association_sentence_226

At the same time, the black viewership increased to 47 percent, while Hispanic (of any race) stood at 11% and Asian viewership stood at 8%. National Basketball Association_sentence_227

According to the same poll, the NBA was favored more strongly by Democrats than Republicans. National Basketball Association_sentence_228

Outside the U.S., the NBA's biggest international market is in China, where an estimated 800 million viewers watched the 2017–18 season. National Basketball Association_sentence_229

NBA China is worth approximately $4 billion. National Basketball Association_sentence_230

Controversies and criticism National Basketball Association_section_16

Main article: National Basketball Association criticisms and controversies National Basketball Association_sentence_231

The NBA has been involved in a number of controversies over the years and has received a significant amount of criticism. National Basketball Association_sentence_232

Notable people National Basketball Association_section_17

Further information: Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame National Basketball Association_sentence_233

Presidents and commissioners National Basketball Association_section_18

Further information: Commissioner of the NBA National Basketball Association_sentence_234

National Basketball Association_unordered_list_2

  • Maurice Podoloff, President from 1946 to 1963National Basketball Association_item_2_6
  • Walter Kennedy, President from 1963 to 1967 and Commissioner from 1967 to 1975National Basketball Association_item_2_7
  • Larry O'Brien, Commissioner from 1975 to 1984National Basketball Association_item_2_8
  • David Stern, Commissioner from 1984 to 2014National Basketball Association_item_2_9
  • Adam Silver, Commissioner from 2014 to presentNational Basketball Association_item_2_10

Players National Basketball Association_section_19

National Basketball Association_unordered_list_3

Foreign players National Basketball Association_section_20

International influence National Basketball Association_section_21

Further information: List of foreign NBA players National Basketball Association_sentence_235

Following pioneers like Vlade Divac (Serbia) and Dražen Petrović (Croatia) who joined the NBA in the late 1980s, an increasing number of international players have moved directly from playing elsewhere in the world to starring in the NBA. National Basketball Association_sentence_236

Below is a short list of foreign players who have won NBA awards or have been otherwise recognized for their contributions to basketball, either currently or formerly active in the league: National Basketball Association_sentence_237

National Basketball Association_unordered_list_4

On some occasions, young players, most but not all from the English-speaking world, have attended U.S. colleges before playing in the NBA. National Basketball Association_sentence_238

Notable examples are: National Basketball Association_sentence_239

National Basketball Association_unordered_list_5

  • Nigerian Hakeem Olajuwon (top draft pick in 1984, 2-time champion, 12-time All-Star, 1994 MVP, 1994 and 1995 Finals MVP, 1994 and 1995 Defensive Player of the Year, only player to receive the MVP Award, Defensive Player of the Year Award, and Finals MVP award in the same season, and Hall of Famer)National Basketball Association_item_5_30
  • Congolese Dikembe Mutombo (Four time NBA Defensive Player of the Year, selected fourth overall by the Denver Nuggets in the 1991 NBA Draft and 8-time NBA All-Star)National Basketball Association_item_5_31
  • Dutchman Rik Smits (1988 second overall pick, 1998 NBA All-Star, played 12 years for the Indiana Pacers)National Basketball Association_item_5_32
  • German Detlef Schrempf (Sixth Man Award winner in 1991 and 1992, 3-time All-Star)National Basketball Association_item_5_33
  • Canadian Steve Nash (2005 and 2006 MVP, 8-time All-Star)National Basketball Association_item_5_34
  • Australians Luc Longley (3-time champion with the Bulls in the 1990s) and Andrew Bogut, (top draft pick in 2005).National Basketball Association_item_5_35
  • Sudanese-born Englishman Luol Deng (2007 winner of the NBA Sportsmanship Award, 2-time All-Star)National Basketball Association_item_5_36
  • Cameroonian Joel Embiid (NBA All-Rookie First Team, 2 time All-Defensive Second Team, 2 time All-Star)National Basketball Association_item_5_37

Since 2006, the NBA has faced EuroLeague teams in exhibition matches in the NBA Europe Live Tour, and since 2009 in the EuroLeague American Tour. National Basketball Association_sentence_240

The 2013–14 season opened with a record 92 international players on the opening night rosters, representing 39 countries and comprising over 20% of the league. National Basketball Association_sentence_241

The NBA defines "international" players as those born outside the 50 United States and Washington, D.C. National Basketball Association_sentence_242

This means that: National Basketball Association_sentence_243

National Basketball Association_unordered_list_6

  • Players born in U.S. possessions such as Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands, most notably USVI native Tim Duncan, are counted as "international" even though they are U.S. citizens by birth, and may even have represented the U.S. in international competition (like Duncan).National Basketball Association_item_6_38
  • U.S.-born players are not counted as "international" even if they were born with citizenship in another country and represent that country internationally, such as Joakim Noah, and Kosta Koufos.National Basketball Association_item_6_39

Coaches National Basketball Association_section_22

National Basketball Association_unordered_list_7

NBA Cares National Basketball Association_section_23

The league has a global social responsibility program, NBA Cares, that is responsible for the league's stated mission of addressing important social issues worldwide. National Basketball Association_sentence_244

See also National Basketball Association_section_24

National Basketball Association_unordered_list_8


Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National Basketball Association.