National Golf Links of America

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National Golf Links of America_table_infobox_0

Club informationNational Golf Links of America_header_cell_0_0_0
LocationNational Golf Links of America_header_cell_0_1_0 Southampton, New YorkNational Golf Links of America_cell_0_1_1
EstablishedNational Golf Links of America_header_cell_0_2_0 1911National Golf Links of America_cell_0_2_1
TypeNational Golf Links of America_header_cell_0_3_0 PrivateNational Golf Links of America_cell_0_3_1
Total holesNational Golf Links of America_header_cell_0_4_0 18National Golf Links of America_cell_0_4_1
Tournaments hostedNational Golf Links of America_header_cell_0_5_0 Walker Cup (1922, 2013)National Golf Links of America_cell_0_5_1
Designed byNational Golf Links of America_header_cell_0_7_0 Charles B. MacdonaldNational Golf Links of America_cell_0_7_1
ParNational Golf Links of America_header_cell_0_8_0 72National Golf Links of America_cell_0_8_1
LengthNational Golf Links of America_header_cell_0_9_0 6,873 yardsNational Golf Links of America_cell_0_9_1
Course ratingNational Golf Links of America_header_cell_0_10_0 73.6National Golf Links of America_cell_0_10_1

National Golf Links of America is a prestigious links-style golf course in Southampton, New York, located on Long Island between Shinnecock Hills Golf Club and Peconic Bay. National Golf Links of America_sentence_0

Though the course is noted for hosting the initial Walker Cup in 1922, which the United States won 8 and 4, it has never hosted a major men's championship. National Golf Links of America_sentence_1

The Walker Cup was again held at the National in 2013. National Golf Links of America_sentence_2

The private club has been called "America's snootiest golf course" due to its exclusive nature. National Golf Links of America_sentence_3

History National Golf Links of America_section_0

The course was designed by Charles B. Macdonald, who had been schooled at the University of St Andrews in Scotland during the 1870s. National Golf Links of America_sentence_4

Macdonald was introduced to golf at St. National Golf Links of America_sentence_5 Andrews old course, playing many rounds there with Tom Morris, Sr. and Tom Morris, Jr., both of whom were multiple winners of the Open Championship, founded in 1860 as the first major championship in golf. National Golf Links of America_sentence_6

Macdonald, the founder and original designer of the Chicago Golf Club, had been paired with John Shippen, an African American, in the 1896 U.S. Open at Shinnecock Hills. National Golf Links of America_sentence_7

Following the event, he quit Shinnecock and founded the new club. National Golf Links of America_sentence_8

He set out to design a course that would rival the prominent golf courses located abroad, looking at potential sites in Cape Cod and Napeague before settling on a plot of land on Sebonac Neck next to Peconic Bay. National Golf Links of America_sentence_9

Macdonald relied on his extensive knowledge of Britain's finest holes, using them as templates for his new course. National Golf Links of America_sentence_10

The course was constructed adjacent to Shinnecock Hills Golf Club, and now also borders Sebonack Golf Club, which opened in 2006. National Golf Links of America_sentence_11

Construction of the golf course was supervised by Seth Raynor, a local civil engineer from Long Island who went on to design several golf courses of his own, including the Fishers Island Club. National Golf Links of America_sentence_12

When it opened in 1911, the course was called the National Golf Links of America because its 67 founding members, which included Robert Bacon, George W. Baxter, Urban H. Broughton, Charles Deering, James Deering, Findlay S. Douglas, Henry Clay Frick, Elbert Henry Gary, Clarence Mackay, De Lancey Nicoll, James A. Stillman, Walter Travis, and William Kissam Vanderbilt II, resided in various parts of the United States. National Golf Links of America_sentence_13

The clubhouse was designed by Jarvis Hunt, one of the club's founding members. National Golf Links of America_sentence_14

James Hepburn—one of the founding members of the PGA of America—served as one of the early head professionals, working at the club from 1914 until 1928. National Golf Links of America_sentence_15

There is a small bar half-way round the course which contains P.G. National Golf Links of America_sentence_16 Wodehouse memorabilia, and the course is mentioned, surprisingly negatively, in the preface to The Heart of a Goof short story collection. National Golf Links of America_sentence_17

The National Golf Links of America was selected as the host of the 2013 Walker Cup in September 2008. National Golf Links of America_sentence_18

In 2009, "The National" was ranked 15th in Golf Digest's list of America's 100 Greatest Golf Courses. National Golf Links of America_sentence_19

The current head golf professional is Jim Morris. National Golf Links of America_sentence_20

On April 18th, 2018 the right wing of the building caught fire, but was extinguished by local fire departments causing minimal damage to the exterior. National Golf Links of America_sentence_21

Course design National Golf Links of America_section_1

National Golf Links of America is laid out over 250 acres (1.0 km). National Golf Links of America_sentence_22

The course is a par 72 and plays 6,873 yards (6,285 m) from the back tees. National Golf Links of America_sentence_23

Many of the holes were patterned from famous golf courses in the British Isles and adapted to fit the local setting: National Golf Links of America_sentence_24

National Golf Links of America_unordered_list_0

  • The 2nd hole, named "Sahara", is a par four modeled after the 3rd hole at Royal St. George.National Golf Links of America_item_0_0
  • The 3rd hole, named "Alps", is a par four that requires a blind approach shot to the green, similar to the 17th hole at Prestwick.National Golf Links of America_item_0_1
  • The 4th hole, named "Redan", is a par three that copied the 15th hole at North Berwick, the site of the original Redan hole.National Golf Links of America_item_0_2
  • The 7th hole, named "St. Andrews", is a par five that was designed based on the 17th hole (Road Hole) at St. Andrews.National Golf Links of America_item_0_3
  • The 8th hole, named "Bottle", is a par four that resembles the 12th hole at Sunningdale Golf Club.National Golf Links of America_item_0_4
  • The 13th hole, named "Eden", is a par three that replicates the 11th hole at St. Andrews.National Golf Links of America_item_0_5

Some of the other holes were original designs, the most notable of which is the par four 14th hole. National Golf Links of America_sentence_25

It was named "Cape" because the green was located on a small peninsula that jutted into a bay. National Golf Links of America_sentence_26

The green was later moved during construction of Sebonac Inlet Road but is now surrounded on three sides by a large bunker. National Golf Links of America_sentence_27

A unique feature on the golf course is a windmill located between the 2nd and 16th holes. National Golf Links of America_sentence_28

A member once remarked that a windmill would make a nice addition to the course, so Macdonald purchased one when he was in Europe and sent the member the bill. National Golf Links of America_sentence_29


Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National Golf Links of America.