National Museum of Ireland

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National Museum of Ireland_table_infobox_0

National Museum of IrelandNational Museum of Ireland_table_caption_0
EstablishedNational Museum of Ireland_header_cell_0_0_0 14 August 1877National Museum of Ireland_cell_0_0_1
LocationNational Museum of Ireland_header_cell_0_1_0 Dublin and Castlebar, IrelandNational Museum of Ireland_cell_0_1_1
TypeNational Museum of Ireland_header_cell_0_2_0 National museumNational Museum of Ireland_cell_0_2_1
Collection sizeNational Museum of Ireland_header_cell_0_3_0 Almost 4,000,000 itemsNational Museum of Ireland_cell_0_3_1
VisitorsNational Museum of Ireland_header_cell_0_4_0 All branches: 1,315,776 (2016)National Museum of Ireland_cell_0_4_1
DirectorNational Museum of Ireland_header_cell_0_5_0 Lynn ScarffNational Museum of Ireland_cell_0_5_1
WebsiteNational Museum of Ireland_header_cell_0_6_0 National Museum of Ireland_cell_0_6_1
National Museum of Ireland networkNational Museum of Ireland_header_cell_0_7_0

The National Museum of Ireland (Irish: Ard-Mhúsaem na hÉireann) is Ireland's leading museum institution, with a strong emphasis on national and some international archaeology, Irish history, Irish art, culture, and natural history. National Museum of Ireland_sentence_0

It has three branches in Dublin and one in County Mayo: National Museum of Ireland_sentence_1

National Museum of Ireland_unordered_list_0

History National Museum of Ireland_section_0

The National Museum of Ireland descends from the amalgamation of parts of the collections of a number of Dublin cultural institutions from the 18th and 19th centuries, including the Royal Dublin Society (RDS) and the Royal Irish Academy (RIA). National Museum of Ireland_sentence_2

The earliest parts of the collections are largely geological and mineralogical specimens, which the RDS collected as a means to improve the knowledge and use of such resources in Ireland. National Museum of Ireland_sentence_3

The establishment of the museum collections is generally deemed to have been with the purchase of the collection of Nathaniel Gottfried Leske in 1792. National Museum of Ireland_sentence_4

One of the earliest iterations of the RDS museum was in Hawkins Street House, where the Leskean Cabinet was displayed along with a collection of casts and busts. National Museum of Ireland_sentence_5

This exhibition was open to the public between noon and 3pm, on Monday, Wednesday and Friday. National Museum of Ireland_sentence_6

Aside from the exhibition there was a lecture hall, laboratory and library. National Museum of Ireland_sentence_7

From here, the museum moved to Leinster House in 1815 when the RDS purchased it from His Grace The 3rd Duke of Leinster. National Museum of Ireland_sentence_8

Here the Leskean Cabinet continued to be displayed, along with newly accessioned collections from the professor of mineralogy and geology, Charles Lewis Giescke, curiosities, and the Hibernicum which was a display of minerals and geological specimens from the island of Ireland. National Museum of Ireland_sentence_9

It was Giescke who first referred to the museum as the "National Museum of Ireland" in 1832 in his catalogue of the entomology and ornithology specimens. National Museum of Ireland_sentence_10

After Giescke's death in 1833, John Scouler was appointed curator in 1834. National Museum of Ireland_sentence_11

During this time the collections were open to public two days a week from noon to 3pm, and to students at all times. National Museum of Ireland_sentence_12

By this time the need for a new museum was deemed to be critical. National Museum of Ireland_sentence_13

This led to the construction of the building which now houses the Natural History Museum on Merrion Street. National Museum of Ireland_sentence_14

With the planned expansion and development of the museum, Scouler requested that a curator or Director been employed by the RDS. National Museum of Ireland_sentence_15

This led to the appointment of Alexander Carte in 1851. National Museum of Ireland_sentence_16

Carte overhauled and reorganised the collections, overseeing acquisitions from Sir Francis McClintock, Sir William Wilde, and Sir Richard Griffith. National Museum of Ireland_sentence_17

The museum took part in the International Exhibition of Art-Industry of 1853 exhibiting objects in the Hall of Antiquities along with the RIA. National Museum of Ireland_sentence_18

Following this the museum opened five days a week to the public. National Museum of Ireland_sentence_19

The Science and Art Museum was established in 1877, becoming the National Museum of Science and Art in 1900, and the National Museum of Ireland after independence. National Museum of Ireland_sentence_20

It also included the collection of the Museum of Irish Industry, founded in 1847. National Museum of Ireland_sentence_21

The collections of both the RIA and RDS formed the basis for the Archaeology and History section of the Museum at Kildare Street. National Museum of Ireland_sentence_22

This is the original site opened in 1890 as the Dublin Museum of Science and Art in the building designed by Sir Thomas Newenham Deane and his son, Thomas Manly Deane. National Museum of Ireland_sentence_23

Until 1922, the museum complex also included Leinster House, now the home of the Oireachtas. National Museum of Ireland_sentence_24

Archaeology National Museum of Ireland_section_1

See also :Category:Collection of the National Museum of Ireland National Museum of Ireland_sentence_25

The National Museum of Ireland – Archaeology on Kildare Street has displays on prehistoric Ireland, including early work in gold, church treasures and objects from the Viking and medieval periods. National Museum of Ireland_sentence_26

The Kingship and Sacrifice exhibition includes well preserved bog bodies and Ralaghan Man. National Museum of Ireland_sentence_27

There are special displays of items from Egypt, Cyprus and the Roman world, and special exhibitions are regularly mounted. National Museum of Ireland_sentence_28

This section includes famous examples of early medieval Celtic metalwork in Ireland such as the Ardagh Chalice, the Tara Brooch, and the Derrynaflan Hoard. National Museum of Ireland_sentence_29

Prehistoric pieces include the Iron Age Broighter Gold and over 50 gold lunulas (not all on display), and other Bronze Age jewellery. National Museum of Ireland_sentence_30

Many of these pieces were found in the 19th century by poor people or agricultural labourers, when population expansion led to cultivation of land which had not been touched since the Middle Ages. National Museum of Ireland_sentence_31

Indeed, without the intervention of George Petrie of the Royal Irish Academy and like-minded individuals from the Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland, most of the metalwork would have been melted down for the intrinsic value of its materials, as did frequently happen despite their efforts. National Museum of Ireland_sentence_32

Contemporary Irish are more tuned to their heritage, as can be seen in the example of the Irish Bog Psalter, which was discovered and reported by an alert machine operator in July 2006. National Museum of Ireland_sentence_33

Decorative Arts and History National Museum of Ireland_section_2

National Museum of Ireland – Decorative Arts and History, including the Great Seal of the Irish Free State, is the part of the collection kept at the large Collins Barracks site, a former military barracks named after Michael Collins in 1922. National Museum of Ireland_sentence_34

This site, opened in 1997, also holds the Museum's administrative centre, a shop and a coffee shop. National Museum of Ireland_sentence_35

This section has displays of furniture, silver, ceramics and glassware, as well as examples of folk life and costume, and money and weapons. National Museum of Ireland_sentence_36

A Chinese porcelain vase from about 1300 AD, the Fonthill vase, is one of the features. National Museum of Ireland_sentence_37

The Soldiers & Chiefs exhibition features military artifacts and memorabilia tracing Ireland's military history from 1550 to the present. National Museum of Ireland_sentence_38

Special exhibitions are mounted regularly; in summer 2007, for example, replicas of six Irish High Crosses that were subsequently shown internationally. National Museum of Ireland_sentence_39

Country Life National Museum of Ireland_section_3

Main article: Museum of Country Life National Museum of Ireland_sentence_40

Country Life is the most recent part of the museum to be opened. National Museum of Ireland_sentence_41

It is located just outside Turlough village, on the N5 eight kilometres east of Castlebar, in County Mayo, and was opened in 2001. National Museum of Ireland_sentence_42

The museum is focused on ordinary life from the mid-19th century to the mid-20th century, with much of the material coming from rural Ireland in the 1930s. National Museum of Ireland_sentence_43

There are displays on the home, the natural environment, communities and forces for change. National Museum of Ireland_sentence_44

Natural History Museum National Museum of Ireland_section_4

Main article: Natural History Museum (Ireland) National Museum of Ireland_sentence_45

The Natural History Museum, which is part of the National Museum, although often thought of as distinct, is on Merrion Street in Dublin and houses specimens of animals from around the world. National Museum of Ireland_sentence_46

It is also known as the Dead Zoo by locals. National Museum of Ireland_sentence_47

Its collection and Victorian appearance have not changed significantly since the early 20th century. National Museum of Ireland_sentence_48

Organisation National Museum of Ireland_section_5

The Museum is overseen by a Board of Directors, of whom two are nominated by the Royal Irish Academy and one by the Royal Dublin Society, both of which have contributed significantly to the institution. National Museum of Ireland_sentence_49

It is led operationally by a Director, under whom are a Head of Collections and Learning and a Head of Operations. National Museum of Ireland_sentence_50

Reporting to the Head of Collections and Learning are the Keepers of Antiquities, Art & Industry, Natural History, and Folklife, the Registrar, and the Heads of Conservation, Education, Design and Photography. National Museum of Ireland_sentence_51

Within Operations are the Heads of Facilities, Human Resources, Finance, Corporate Affairs, Marketing, Commercial Development and ICT. National Museum of Ireland_sentence_52

List of directors National Museum of Ireland_section_6

National Museum of Ireland_unordered_list_1

  • 1877–1883: William Edward SteeleNational Museum of Ireland_item_1_4
  • 1883–1894: Valentine BallNational Museum of Ireland_item_1_5
  • 1895–1907: George Tindall PlunkettNational Museum of Ireland_item_1_6
  • 1907–1916: George Noble PlunkettNational Museum of Ireland_item_1_7
  • 1916–1921: Robert Francis Scharff (acting director)National Museum of Ireland_item_1_8
  • 1921–1929: J.J. Buckley (acting director)National Museum of Ireland_item_1_9
  • 1934–1939: Adolf MahrNational Museum of Ireland_item_1_10
  • 1939–1947: Patrick O'Connor (acting director)National Museum of Ireland_item_1_11
  • 1947–1954: Michael Quane (in position of "Administrator")National Museum of Ireland_item_1_12
  • 1954–1976: Anthony T. LucasNational Museum of Ireland_item_1_13
  • 1976–1979: Joseph RafteryNational Museum of Ireland_item_1_14
  • 1979–1988: Breandán Ó RíordáinNational Museum of Ireland_item_1_15
  • 1988–2012: Pat WallaceNational Museum of Ireland_item_1_16
  • November 1995 - April, 1996: Eamonn P. Kelly (acting director).National Museum of Ireland_item_1_17
  • 2012–2013: Seamus Lynam (acting director)National Museum of Ireland_item_1_18
  • 2013–2018: Raghnall Ó FloinnNational Museum of Ireland_item_1_19
  • 2018 to present: Lynn ScarffNational Museum of Ireland_item_1_20

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: Museum of Ireland.