Naturalization

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For the biology usage, see Naturalisation (biology) and Invasive species. Naturalization_sentence_0

Naturalization (or naturalisation) is the legal act or process by which a non-citizen of a country may acquire citizenship or nationality of that country. Naturalization_sentence_1

It may be done automatically by a statute, i.e., without any effort on the part of the individual, or it may involve an application or a motion and approval by legal authorities. Naturalization_sentence_2

The rules of naturalization vary from country to country but typically include a promise to obey and uphold that country's laws, taking and subscribing to an oath of allegiance, and may specify other requirements such as a minimum legal residency and adequate knowledge of the national dominant language or culture. Naturalization_sentence_3

To counter multiple citizenship, most countries require that applicants for naturalization renounce any other citizenship that they currently hold, but whether this renunciation actually causes loss of original citizenship, as seen by the host country and by the original country, will depend on the laws of the countries involved. Naturalization_sentence_4

The massive increase in population flux due to globalization and the sharp increase in the numbers of refugees following World War I created many stateless persons, people who were not citizens of any state. Naturalization_sentence_5

In some rare cases, laws for mass naturalization were passed. Naturalization_sentence_6

As naturalization laws had been designed to cater for the relatively few people who had voluntarily moved from one country to another (expatriates), many western democracies were not ready to naturalize large numbers of people. Naturalization_sentence_7

This included the massive influx of stateless people which followed massive denationalizations and the expulsion of ethnic minorities from newly created nation states in the first part of the 20th century, but they also included the mostly aristocratic Russians who had escaped the 1917 October Revolution and the war communism period, and then the Spanish refugees. Naturalization_sentence_8

As Hannah Arendt pointed out, internment camps became the "only nation" of such stateless people, since they were often considered "undesirable" and were stuck in an illegal situation, wherein their country had expelled them or deprived them of their nationality, while they had not been naturalized, thus living in a judicial no man's land. Naturalization_sentence_9

Since World War II, the increase in international migrations created a new category of migrants, most of them economic migrants. Naturalization_sentence_10

For economic, political, humanitarian and pragmatic reasons, many states passed laws allowing a person to acquire their citizenship after birth, such as by marriage to a national – jus matrimonii – or by having ancestors who are nationals of that country, in order to reduce the scope of this category. Naturalization_sentence_11

However, in some countries this system still maintains a large part of the immigrant population in an illegal status, albeit with some massive regularizations, for example, in Spain by José Luis Zapatero's government and in Italy by Berlusconi's government. Naturalization_sentence_12

Laws by country Naturalization_section_0

Australia Naturalization_section_1

Further information: Australian nationality law § Citizenship by conferral (formerly known as naturalisation) Naturalization_sentence_13

The Australian Citizenship Act 1973 ended the preferential treatment for British subjects from 1 December 1973. Naturalization_sentence_14

People who became permanent residents from 1 July 2007 must have been lawfully resident in Australia for four years before applying for citizenship by conferral. Naturalization_sentence_15

Those who were present in Australia as permanent residents before 1 July 2007 remain subject to the previous residence requirement (in force since 1984, e.g. resident for 2 years). Naturalization_sentence_16

People's Republic of China Naturalization_section_2

Main article: Nationality law of the People's Republic of China Naturalization_sentence_17

The People's Republic of China gives citizenship to people with one or two parents with Chinese nationality who have not taken residence in other countries. Naturalization_sentence_18

The country also gives citizenship to people born on its territory to stateless people who have settled there. Naturalization_sentence_19

Furthermore, individuals may apply for nationality if they have a near relative with Chinese nationality, if they have settled in China, or if they present another legitimate reason. Naturalization_sentence_20

In practice, few people gain Chinese citizenship; as of 2010, China had only 1,448 naturalised Chinese in total. Naturalization_sentence_21

The naturalization process starts with a written application. Naturalization_sentence_22

Applicants must submit three copies, written with a ball-point or fountain pen, to national authorities, and to provincial authorities in the Ministry of Public Security and the Public Security Bureau. Naturalization_sentence_23

Applicants must also submit original copies of a foreign passport, a residence permit, a permanent residence permit, and four two-and-a-half inch long pictures. Naturalization_sentence_24

According to the conditions outlined in the Nationality Law of the People's Republic of China, authorities may also require "any other material that the authority believes are related to the nationality application". Naturalization_sentence_25

France Naturalization_section_3

Main article: French nationality law Naturalization_sentence_26

People who fulfil all of the following criteria can obtain French citizenship through naturalisation: Naturalization_sentence_27

Naturalization_unordered_list_0

  • At least 5 years' residence, although reduced to the following minimum periods in certain situations:Naturalization_item_0_0
    • 2 years:Naturalization_item_0_1
      • Successfully completed 2 years of studies with a view to obtaining a degree or diploma at a French higher educational institution;Naturalization_item_0_2
      • Made an exceptional contribution to France's standing and influence in the arts, science, sport, culture, academia, entrepreneurship, etc.Naturalization_item_0_3
    • No minimum residence period:Naturalization_item_0_4
      • Performed military service with the French Army;Naturalization_item_0_5
      • Served voluntarily in wartime in the French Army or an allied army;Naturalization_item_0_6
      • Rendered exceptional service to France (requires personal ministerial approval);Naturalization_item_0_7
      • Attained the official status of a refugee in France;Naturalization_item_0_8
      • Citizen of a member state of the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie and have French as their native language or have completed at least 5 years of schooling in a French-speaking educational establishment.Naturalization_item_0_9
  • Integration into French society, including adhering to the values and principles of the Republic, and having a sufficient knowledge of French history, culture and society;Naturalization_item_0_10
  • Sufficient spoken command of the French language;Naturalization_item_0_11
  • No serious criminal convictions, defined as follows:Naturalization_item_0_12
    • Never been sentenced to more than 6 months' imprisonment (not including suspended sentences) for any crime (unless the applicant has been legally deemed rehabilitated or the sentence has been wiped from their criminal record);Naturalization_item_0_13
    • Never been convicted of any crime that counters France's fundamental interests (unless the applicant has been legally deemed rehabilitated or the sentence has been wiped from their criminal record);Naturalization_item_0_14
    • Never been convicted of any act of terrorism (unless the applicant has been legally deemed rehabilitated or the sentence has been wiped from their criminal record).Naturalization_item_0_15

The fee for naturalisation is €55, except in French Guiana, where it is €27.50. Naturalization_sentence_28

Germany Naturalization_section_4

Main article: German nationality law Naturalization_sentence_29

Criteria Naturalization_section_5

People who fulfill all of the following criteria can obtain German citizenship through naturalisation: Naturalization_sentence_30

Naturalization_unordered_list_1

  • At least 8 years' residence in Germany with a valid residence permit. This minimum period is reduced for the following:Naturalization_item_1_16
    • 7 years for people who have successfully completed an official integration course;Naturalization_item_1_17
    • 3 years for spouses and registered same-sex partners of a German citizen (must have been married or in the registered partnership for at least 2 years at the time of application).Naturalization_item_1_18
  • Declaring allegiance to the German Constitution;Naturalization_item_1_19
  • Sufficient command of the German language;Naturalization_item_1_20
  • No serious criminal convictions.Naturalization_item_1_21

Fee Naturalization_section_6

The dependent minor children of an applicant for naturalisation may also themselves become naturalised German citizens. Naturalization_sentence_31

The fee for standard naturalisation is €255, while it is €51 per dependent minor child naturalised along with their parent. Naturalization_sentence_32

The fee may be waived in cases of extreme hardship or public interest. Naturalization_sentence_33

Loss of previous citizenship Naturalization_section_7

People who naturalise as German citizens must usually give up their previous nationality, as German law takes a restrictive approach to multiple citizenship. Naturalization_sentence_34

Exceptions are made for: Naturalization_sentence_35

Naturalization_unordered_list_2

  • EU and Swiss citizens, provided that the law of their country of origin does not prohibit the acquisition of another citizenship;Naturalization_item_2_22
  • Citizens of countries where renouncing one's citizenship is too difficult or humiliating (e.g. Afghanistan), prohibitively expensive (e.g. the United States) or legally impossible (e.g. Argentina).Naturalization_item_2_23

Grenada Naturalization_section_8

Main article: Grenadian nationality law Naturalization_sentence_36

The Grenadian Government grants citizenship of Grenada for the following reasons: Naturalization_sentence_37

Naturalization_unordered_list_3

  • By BirthNaturalization_item_3_24
    • Any person born in Grenada after 1974 or later acquires Grenadian citizenship at birth. The exception is for children born to diplomat parents.Naturalization_item_3_25

Naturalization_unordered_list_4

  • By DescentNaturalization_item_4_26
    • Children born outside Grenada to a Grenadian-born parent.Naturalization_item_4_27

Naturalization_unordered_list_5

  • By RegistrationNaturalization_item_5_28
    • Children (over 18) born outside of Grenada to a Grenadian parent.Naturalization_item_5_29
    • Children (under 18) born outside of Grenada to a Grenadian parent.Naturalization_item_5_30
    • A person who was born outside of Grenada who is a Grandchild of a Grenadian citizen by birth.Naturalization_item_5_31
    • A person who is/or has been married to a citizen of Grenada.Naturalization_item_5_32
    • Citizens of Caribbean Countries may apply for citizenship by registration provided that person has been living in Grenada for 4 years and 2 years as a Permanent Resident (within the four-year period) immediately preceding the date of application.Naturalization_item_5_33
    • Commonwealth & Irish citizens may apply for citizenship by registration provided that the person has been living in Grenada for 7 years and 2 years as a Permanent Resident (within the seven-year period) immediately preceding the date of application.Naturalization_item_5_34

Naturalization_unordered_list_6

  • By NaturalisationNaturalization_item_6_35
  • An Alien or a British Protected Person may apply for citizenship by naturalisation provided that the person has been living in Grenada for 7 years and 2 years as a Permanent Resident (within the seven-year period) immediately preceding the date of application..Naturalization_item_6_36

India Naturalization_section_9

Main article: Indian nationality law Naturalization_sentence_38

The Indian citizenship and nationality law and the Constitution of India provides single citizenship for the entire country. Naturalization_sentence_39

The provisions relating to citizenship at the commencement of the Constitution are contained in Articles 5 to 11 in Part II of the Constitution of India. Naturalization_sentence_40

Relevant Indian legislation is the Citizenship Act 1955, which has been amended by the Citizenship (Amendment) Act 1986, the Citizenship (Amendment) Act 1992, the Citizenship (Amendment) Act 2003, and Citizenship (Amendment) Ordinance 2005. Naturalization_sentence_41

The Citizenship (Amendment) Act 2003 received the assent of the President of India on 7 January 2004 and came into force on 3 December 2004. Naturalization_sentence_42

The Citizenship (Amendment) Ordinance 2005 was promulgated by the President of India and came into force on 28 June 2005. Naturalization_sentence_43

Following these reforms, Indian nationality law largely follows the jus sanguinis (citizenship by right of blood) as opposed to the jus soli (citizenship by right of birth within the territory). Naturalization_sentence_44

In 2019, a Citizenship Amendment Act was passed by the Parliament of India. Naturalization_sentence_45

This Act aims at fast tracking citizenship for illegal immigrants who have entered India on or before 31st December, 2014 from the neighbouring countries of Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh. Naturalization_sentence_46

Italy Naturalization_section_10

Main article: Italian nationality law Naturalization_sentence_47

The Italian Government grants Italian citizenship for the following reasons. Naturalization_sentence_48

Naturalization_unordered_list_7

  • AutomaticallyNaturalization_item_7_37
    • Jus sanguinis: for birth;Naturalization_item_7_38
    • If an Italian citizen recognizes, at a time after birth, a minor child;Naturalization_item_7_39
    • For adoption;Naturalization_item_7_40
    • To obtain or re-obtain from a parent.Naturalization_item_7_41
  • Following declarationNaturalization_item_7_42
    • By descent;Naturalization_item_7_43
    • Jus soli: by birth or descent in Italy;Naturalization_item_7_44
  • By marriage or naturalizationNaturalization_item_7_45
    • By marriage: the foreign or stateless spouse of an Italian citizen may acquire Italian citizenship after two years of legal residence in Italy or, if residing abroad, after three years from the date of marriage;Naturalization_item_7_46
    • By naturalization: the foreigner can apply for Italian citizenship after ten years of legal residence in Italy, reduced to five years for those who have been recognized as stateless or refugee and four years for citizens of countries of the European Community.Naturalization_item_7_47

Indonesia Naturalization_section_11

Main article: Indonesian nationality law Naturalization_sentence_49

Indonesian nationality is regulated by Law No. Naturalization_sentence_50

12/2006 (UU No. Naturalization_sentence_51

12 Tahun 2006). Naturalization_sentence_52

The Indonesian nationality law is based on jus sanguinis and jus soli. Naturalization_sentence_53

The Indonesian nationality law does not recognize dual citizenship except for people under the age of 18 (single citizenship principle). Naturalization_sentence_54

After reaching 18 years of age individuals are forced to choose one citizenship (limited double citizenship principle). Naturalization_sentence_55

A foreign citizen can apply to become an Indonesian citizen with the following requirements: Naturalization_sentence_56

Naturalization_unordered_list_8

  • Age 18 or older, or marriedNaturalization_item_8_48
  • Resided in Indonesia for a minimum of 5 consecutive years or 10 non-consecutive yearsNaturalization_item_8_49
  • Physically and mentally healthyNaturalization_item_8_50
  • Ability to speak Indonesian and acknowledge Pancasila and Undang-Undang Dasar Negara Republik Indonesia Tahun 1945Naturalization_item_8_51
  • Never convicted of a crime for which the punishment is imprisonment for one year or moreNaturalization_item_8_52
  • If having Indonesian citizenship will not give the person dual citizenshipNaturalization_item_8_53
  • Employed or have fixed incomeNaturalization_item_8_54
  • Pay citizenship feeNaturalization_item_8_55

Any application for citizenship is granted by the President of Indonesia. Naturalization_sentence_57

Israel Naturalization_section_12

Israel's Declaration of Independence was made on 14 May 1948, the day before the British Mandate was due to expire as a result of the United Nations Partition Plan. Naturalization_sentence_58

The Israeli parliament created two laws regarding immigration, citizenship and naturalization: the Law of Return and the Israeli citizenship law. Naturalization_sentence_59

The Law of Return, enacted on July 15, 1950, gives Jews living anywhere in the world the right to immigrate to Israel. Naturalization_sentence_60

This right to immigrate did not and still does not grant citizenship. Naturalization_sentence_61

In fact, for four years after Israel gained independence, there were no Israeli citizens. Naturalization_sentence_62

On July 14, 1952, the Israeli parliament enacted the Israeli Nationality Law. Naturalization_sentence_63

The Nationality Law naturalized all citizens of Mandated Palestine, the inhabitants of Israel on July 15, 1952, and those who had legally resided in Israel between May 14, 1948, and July 14, 1952. Naturalization_sentence_64

The law further clarified that naturalization was available to immigrants who had arrived before Israel's creation, immigrants who arrived after statehood was granted, and those who did not come to Israel as immigrants but have since expressed desire to settle in Israel, with restriction. Naturalization_sentence_65

Naturalization applicants must also meet the following requirements: be over 18 years of age, have resided in Israel for three out of the five preceding years, have settled or intend to settle permanently in Israel, have some knowledge of Hebrew, and have renounced prior nationality or demonstrated ability to renounce nationality after becoming a citizen of Israel. Naturalization_sentence_66

Because of Israel's relatively new and culturally mixed identity, Israel does not grant citizenship to people born on Israeli soil. Naturalization_sentence_67

Instead, the government chose to enact a jus sanguinis system, with the naturalization restrictions listed above. Naturalization_sentence_68

There is currently no legislation on second-generation immigrants (those born in Israel to immigrant parents). Naturalization_sentence_69

Furthermore, foreign spouses can apply for citizenship through the Minister of the Interior, but have a variety of restrictions and are not guaranteed citizenship. Naturalization_sentence_70

Luxembourg Naturalization_section_13

People who fulfil all of the following criteria can obtain Luxembourg citizenship through naturalisation: Naturalization_sentence_71

Naturalization_unordered_list_9

  • At least 18 years old.Naturalization_item_9_56
  • At least 5 years of legal residence in Luxembourg, including an uninterrupted period of one year immediately before applying for citizenship.Naturalization_item_9_57
  • Passing a Luxembourgish language exam.Naturalization_item_9_58
  • Taking a course on "Living together in the Grand Duchy" and passing the associated examination.Naturalization_item_9_59
  • Never having been handed an immediate custodial sentence of 12 months or more or a suspended custodial sentence of 24 months or more, in any country.Naturalization_item_9_60

Malaysia Naturalization_section_14

Main article: Malaysian nationality law Naturalization_sentence_72

Naturalisation in Malaysia is guided by the 1964 Malaysian Constitution. Naturalization_sentence_73

According to the law, those who want to be the country citizen should live in the country for a period of 10–12 years. Naturalization_sentence_74

The would-be-citizens are required to speak the Malay language as well submitting the identity cards of two Malaysians who recommend the applicant for citizenship. Naturalization_sentence_75

As the Government of Malaysia does not recognise dual citizenship, those who seek naturalisation are needed to reside permanently in the country and renouncing their former country citizenship. Naturalization_sentence_76

The requirements are as follows: Naturalization_sentence_77

Naturalization_unordered_list_10

  • The applicant shall appear before the Registrar of Citizenship when submitting the application.Naturalization_item_10_61
  • The applicant must be aged 21 years and above on the date of the application.Naturalization_item_10_62
  • The applicant has resided in the federation for a period of not less than 10 years in a period of 12 years, including the 12 months immediately preceding the date of application.Naturalization_item_10_63
  • The applicant intends to reside permanently in the federation.Naturalization_item_10_64
  • The applicant is of good character.Naturalization_item_10_65
  • The applicant has adequate knowledge of the Malay language.Naturalization_item_10_66
  • The applicant must be sponsored by two referees who are citizens aged 21 years and above and who are not relatives, not hired people, and not advocates or solicitors to the applicant.Naturalization_item_10_67
  • Form C must be completed and submitted together with copies of the necessary documents.Naturalization_item_10_68

The Article 16 of 1957 Malaysian Constitution also stated a similar condition previously. Naturalization_sentence_78

Philippines Naturalization_section_15

Main article: Philippine nationality law § Citizenship by naturalization Naturalization_sentence_79

Commonwealth Act No. Naturalization_sentence_80

473, the Revised Naturalization Law, approved June 17, 1939, provided that people having certain specified qualifications may become a citizen of the Philippines by naturalization. Naturalization_sentence_81

Republic Act No. Naturalization_sentence_82

9139, approved June 8, 2001, provided that aliens under the age of 18 who were born in the Philippines, who have resided in the Philippines since birth, and who possess other specified qualifications may be granted Philippines citizenship by administrative proceeding subject to certain requirements. Naturalization_sentence_83

Russia Naturalization_section_16

Naturalization in Russia is guided by articles 13 and 14 of the federal law “About Citizenship of Russian Federation” passed on May 31, 2002. Naturalization_sentence_84

Citizenship of Russia can be obtained in general or simplified order. Naturalization_sentence_85

To become a citizen in general order, one must be 18 years of age or older, continuously live in Russia as a permanent resident for at least five years (this term is limited to one year for valued specialists, political asylum seekers and refugees), have legal means of existence, promise to obey the laws and Constitution of Russia and be fluent in the Russian language. Naturalization_sentence_86

There is also a possibility to naturalize in a simplified order, in which certain requirements will be waived. Naturalization_sentence_87

Eligible for that are people, at least one parent of whom is a Russian citizen living on Russian territory; people, who lived on the territories of the former Soviet republics but never obtained citizenships of those nations after they gained independence; people, who were born on the territory of RSFSR and formerly held Soviet citizenship; people married to Russian citizens for at least 3 years; people, who served in Russian Armed Forces under contract for at least 3 years; parents of mentally incapacitated children over 18 who are Russian citizens; participants of the State Program for Assisting Compatriots Residing Abroad; and some other categories. Naturalization_sentence_88

South Africa Naturalization_section_17

Chapter 2 of the South African Citizenship Act, enacted on October 6, 1995, defines who is considered a naturalized citizen at the time of the act and also outlines the naturalization process for future immigrants. Naturalization_sentence_89

Any person who immediately prior to the commencement of the act had been a South African citizen via naturalization, had been deemed to be a South African citizen by registration, or had been a citizen via naturalization of any of the former states now composing South Africa is now considered to be a naturalized citizen of South Africa. Naturalization_sentence_90

Those wishing to apply for naturalization in the future must apply to the Minister of Home Affairs and must meet a slew of requirements. Naturalization_sentence_91

First, naturalization applicants must be over the age of 18 and must have been a permanent resident of South Africa for five years prior to application (prior to 2010, the permanent residence requirement was one year prior to application and for four out of the eight years prior to application). Naturalization_sentence_92

Applicants must also demonstrate good character and knowledge of the basic responsibilities and privileges of a South African citizen. Naturalization_sentence_93

The ability to communicate in one of the official languages of South Africa is also required. Naturalization_sentence_94

Applicants must show the intention to reside in South Africa after naturalization, and they are required to make a declaration of allegiance. Naturalization_sentence_95

The Constitution of South Africa states that national legislation must provide for the acquisition, loss and restoration of citizenship. Naturalization_sentence_96

Being a naturalized South African citizen is a privilege, not a right. Naturalization_sentence_97

Even after meeting all the requirements and going through the naturalization process, the minister holds the right to deny citizenship. Naturalization_sentence_98

Foreign spouses of South African citizens can apply for naturalization after two years of marriage, but is subject to potential denial of the minister. Naturalization_sentence_99

The minister can also grant citizenship to minors, if their parent applies for them. Naturalization_sentence_100

The minister also holds the power to revoke naturalization at any time for specific reasons listed in the Act. Naturalization_sentence_101

Reasons for revoking the naturalization certificate include marrying someone who is a citizen of another country and holding citizenship in another country, or applying for citizenship of another country without prior authorization for retention of citizenship. Naturalization_sentence_102

If a permanent resident is denied naturalization, he or she must wait at least one year before reapplying. Naturalization_sentence_103

United Kingdom Naturalization_section_18

Main article: British nationality law Naturalization_sentence_104

There has always been a distinction in the law of England and Wales between the subjects of the monarch and aliens: the monarch's subjects owed the monarch allegiance, and included those born in his or her dominions (natural-born subjects) and those who later gave him or her their allegiance (naturalised subjects). Naturalization_sentence_105

Today, the requirements for naturalisation as a citizen of the United Kingdom depend on whether or not one is the spouse or civil partner of a citizen. Naturalization_sentence_106

An applicant who is a spouse or civil partner of a British citizen must: Naturalization_sentence_107

Naturalization_unordered_list_11

  • hold indefinite leave to remain in the UK (or an equivalent such as Right of Abode or Irish citizenship)Naturalization_item_11_69
  • have lived legally in the UK for three yearsNaturalization_item_11_70
  • been outside of the UK no more than 90 days during the one-year period prior to filing the application.Naturalization_item_11_71
  • show sufficient knowledge of life in the UK, either by passing the Life in the United Kingdom test or by attending combined English language and citizenship classes. Proof of this must be supplied with one's application for naturalisation. Those aged 65 or over may be able to claim exemption.Naturalization_item_11_72
  • meet specified English, Welsh or Scottish Gaelic language competence standards.Naturalization_item_11_73

For those not married to or in a civil partnership with a British citizen, the requirements are: Naturalization_sentence_108

Naturalization_unordered_list_12

  • Five years legal residence in the UKNaturalization_item_12_74
  • Indefinite leave to remain or "equivalent" for this purpose (see above) must have been held for 12 monthsNaturalization_item_12_75
  • the applicant must intend to continue to live in the UK or work overseas for the UK government or a British corporation or associationNaturalization_item_12_76
  • the same "good character" standards apply as for those married to British citizensNaturalization_item_12_77
  • the same language and knowledge of life in the UK standards apply as for those married to British citizens.Naturalization_item_12_78

United States Naturalization_section_19

Further information: United States nationality law and history of laws concerning immigration and naturalization in the United States Naturalization_sentence_109

"The sole authority to naturalize persons as citizens of the United States is conferred upon the Attorney General." Naturalization_sentence_110

In particular cases, however, federal judges may enjoin the Attorney General to confer U.S. nationality upon a person. Naturalization_sentence_111

The term "Attorney General" in the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) includes any immigration judge or member of the Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA). Naturalization_sentence_112

The INA states the following: Naturalization_sentence_113

The Naturalization Act of 1795 set the initial rules on naturalization: "free, White persons" who had been resident for five years or more. Naturalization_sentence_114

An 1862 law allowed honorably discharged Army veterans of any war to petition for naturalization after only one year of residence in the United States. Naturalization_sentence_115

An 1894 law extended the same privilege to honorably discharged five-year veterans of the Navy or Marine Corps. Naturalization_sentence_116

Laws enacted in 1919, 1926, 1940, and 1952 continued preferential treatment provisions for veterans. Naturalization_sentence_117

Following the Spanish–American War in 1898, Philippine citizens were classified as U.S. nationals, and the 1917 Jones–Shafroth Act granted U.S. citizenship to natives of Puerto Rico. Naturalization_sentence_118

But the 1934 Tydings–McDuffie Act reclassified Filipinos as aliens, and set a quota of 50 immigrants per year, and otherwise applying the Immigration Act of 1924 to them. Naturalization_sentence_119

The Magnuson Act repealed the Chinese Exclusion Act. Naturalization_sentence_120

During the 1940s, 100 annual immigrants from British India and the Philippines were allowed. Naturalization_sentence_121

The War Brides Act of 1945 permitted soldiers to bring back their foreign wives and established precedent in naturalization through marriage. Naturalization_sentence_122

The Immigration Act of 1965 finally allowed people from all nations to be given equal access to immigration and naturalization. Naturalization_sentence_123

Illegal immigration became a major issue in the United States at the end of the 20th century. Naturalization_sentence_124

The Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986, while tightening border controls, also provided the opportunity of naturalization for illegal aliens who had been in the country for at least four years. Naturalization_sentence_125

Today, lawful permanent residents of the United States are eligible to apply for U.S. citizenship after five years, unless they continue to be married to a U.S. citizen, in which case they can apply after only three years of permanent residency. Naturalization_sentence_126

The Child Citizenship Act of 2000 streamlined the naturalization process for children adopted internationally. Naturalization_sentence_127

A child under age 18 who is adopted by at least one U.S. citizen parent, and is in the custody of the citizen parent(s), is now automatically naturalized once admitted to the United States as an immigrant or when legally adopted in the United States, depending on the visa under which the child was admitted to the United States. Naturalization_sentence_128

The Act also provides that the non-citizen minor child of a newly naturalized U.S. citizen, whether by birth or adoption, also automatically receives U.S. citizenship Naturalization_sentence_129

Summary by country Naturalization_section_20

The following list is a brief summary of the duration of legal residence before a national of a foreign state, without any cultural, historical, or marriage ties or connections to the state in question, can request citizenship under that state's naturalization laws. Naturalization_sentence_130

Naturalization_table_general_0

CountryNaturalization_header_cell_0_0_0 Residence requirementNaturalization_header_cell_0_0_1 Dual citizenshipNaturalization_header_cell_0_0_2 NotesNaturalization_header_cell_0_0_3 Main articleNaturalization_header_cell_0_0_4 RefNaturalization_header_cell_0_0_5
AfghanistanNaturalization_cell_0_1_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_1_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_1_2 Naturalization_cell_0_1_3 Afghan nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_1_4 Naturalization_cell_0_1_5
AlbaniaNaturalization_cell_0_2_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_2_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_2_2 Continuous residenceNaturalization_cell_0_2_3 Albanian nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_2_4 Naturalization_cell_0_2_5
AlgeriaNaturalization_cell_0_3_0 7 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_3_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_3_2 Naturalization_cell_0_3_3 Algerian nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_3_4 Naturalization_cell_0_3_5
AndorraNaturalization_cell_0_4_0 20 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_4_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_4_2 Continuous residence as a permanent resident, unless the applicant has spent all of their mandatory education in Andorra in which case 10 years continuous as a permanent residenceNaturalization_cell_0_4_3 Andorran nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_4_4 Naturalization_cell_0_4_5
AngolaNaturalization_cell_0_5_0 10 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_5_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_5_2 Continuous residenceNaturalization_cell_0_5_3 Angolan nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_5_4 Naturalization_cell_0_5_5
Antigua and BarbudaNaturalization_cell_0_6_0 7 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_6_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_6_2 Continuous residence; If a person is married to the national of Antigua and Barbuda, that case for continuous residence is 3 years.Naturalization_cell_0_6_3 Antiguan nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_6_4 Naturalization_cell_0_6_5
ArgentinaNaturalization_cell_0_7_0 2 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_7_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_7_2 Continuous residenceNaturalization_cell_0_7_3 Argentine nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_7_4 Naturalization_cell_0_7_5
ArmeniaNaturalization_cell_0_8_0 3 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_8_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_8_2 Naturalization_cell_0_8_3 Armenian nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_8_4 Naturalization_cell_0_8_5
AustraliaNaturalization_cell_0_9_0 4 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_9_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_9_2 Legal residency in Australia, including one year as a permanent resident immediately prior to making an applicationNaturalization_cell_0_9_3 Australian nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_9_4 Naturalization_cell_0_9_5
AustriaNaturalization_cell_0_10_0 10–30 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_10_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_10_2 Exceptions for those born in Austria, citizens of another EEA country, refugees or "exceptionally integrated" in which case it is 6 years.Naturalization_cell_0_10_3 Austrian nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_10_4 Naturalization_cell_0_10_5
AzerbaijanNaturalization_cell_0_11_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_11_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_11_2 The applicant must be a fluent speaker of the Azerbaijani language. He has dual citizenship, but the authorities will not recognize his foreign citizenship .Naturalization_cell_0_11_3 Azerbaijani nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_11_4 Naturalization_cell_0_11_5
BahamasNaturalization_cell_0_12_0 10 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_12_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_12_2 Naturalization_cell_0_12_3 Bahamian nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_12_4 Naturalization_cell_0_12_5
BahrainNaturalization_cell_0_13_0 10 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_13_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_13_2 Naturalization_cell_0_13_3 Bahraini nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_13_4 Naturalization_cell_0_13_5
BangladeshNaturalization_cell_0_14_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_14_1 PartialNaturalization_cell_0_14_2 Naturalization_cell_0_14_3 Bangladeshi nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_14_4 Naturalization_cell_0_14_5
BarbadosNaturalization_cell_0_15_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_15_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_15_2 Naturalization_cell_0_15_3 Barbadian nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_15_4 Naturalization_cell_0_15_5
BelarusNaturalization_cell_0_16_0 7 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_16_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_16_2 Naturalization_cell_0_16_3 Belarusian nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_16_4 Naturalization_cell_0_16_5
BelgiumNaturalization_cell_0_17_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_17_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_17_2 Continuous residenceNaturalization_cell_0_17_3 Belgian nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_17_4 Naturalization_cell_0_17_5
BelizeNaturalization_cell_0_18_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_18_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_18_2 Naturalization_cell_0_18_3 Belizean nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_18_4 Naturalization_cell_0_18_5
BeninNaturalization_cell_0_19_0 10 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_19_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_19_2 Naturalization_cell_0_19_3 Beninise nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_19_4 Naturalization_cell_0_19_5
BhutanNaturalization_cell_0_20_0 20 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_20_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_20_2 Naturalization_cell_0_20_3 Bhutanese nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_20_4 Naturalization_cell_0_20_5
BoliviaNaturalization_cell_0_21_0 3 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_21_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_21_2 Uninterrupted residenceNaturalization_cell_0_21_3 Bolivian nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_21_4 Naturalization_cell_0_21_5
Bosnia and HerzegovinaNaturalization_cell_0_22_0 8 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_22_1 PartialNaturalization_cell_0_22_2 Continuous residenceNaturalization_cell_0_22_3 Bosnian nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_22_4 Naturalization_cell_0_22_5
BotswanaNaturalization_cell_0_23_0 10-12 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_23_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_23_2 Naturalization_cell_0_23_3 Bostwanan nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_23_4 Naturalization_cell_0_23_5
BrazilNaturalization_cell_0_24_0 4 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_24_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_24_2 Uninterrupted residence.Naturalization_cell_0_24_3 Brazilian nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_24_4 Naturalization_cell_0_24_5
BruneiNaturalization_cell_0_25_0 10 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_25_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_25_2 Naturalization_cell_0_25_3 Bruneian nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_25_4 Naturalization_cell_0_25_5
BulgariaNaturalization_cell_0_26_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_26_1 PartialNaturalization_cell_0_26_2 Reduced to 3 years if the applicant is married to a Bulgarian national, was born in Bulgaria, or settled in the country before the age of 18. Citizens of the EU, EEA or Switzerland, as well as spouses of Bulgarian nationals, are not required to renounce their existing citizenship.Naturalization_cell_0_26_3 Bulgarian nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_26_4 Naturalization_cell_0_26_5
Burkina FasoNaturalization_cell_0_27_0 10 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_27_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_27_2 Naturalization_cell_0_27_3 Burkinabé nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_27_4 Naturalization_cell_0_27_5
BurundiNaturalization_cell_0_28_0 10 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_28_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_28_2 Reduced to 5 years if married to the Burundian nationalNaturalization_cell_0_28_3 Burundian nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_28_4 Naturalization_cell_0_28_5
CambodiaNaturalization_cell_0_29_0 7 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_29_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_29_2 Naturalization_cell_0_29_3 Cambodian nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_29_4 Naturalization_cell_0_29_5
CameroonNaturalization_cell_0_30_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_30_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_30_2 Naturalization_cell_0_30_3 Cameroonian nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_30_4 Naturalization_cell_0_30_5
CanadaNaturalization_cell_0_31_0 3 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_31_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_31_2 Three out of five years as a permanent resident.Naturalization_cell_0_31_3 Canadian nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_31_4 Naturalization_cell_0_31_5
ChileNaturalization_cell_0_32_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_32_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_32_2 Continuous residenceNaturalization_cell_0_32_3 Chilean nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_32_4 Naturalization_cell_0_32_5
ChinaNaturalization_cell_0_33_0 Naturalization_cell_0_33_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_33_2 Naturalization_cell_0_33_3 Chinese nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_33_4 Naturalization_cell_0_33_5
ColombiaNaturalization_cell_0_34_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_34_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_34_2 As a permanent residentNaturalization_cell_0_34_3 Colombian nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_34_4 Naturalization_cell_0_34_5
ComorosNaturalization_cell_0_35_0 Naturalization_cell_0_35_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_35_2 Naturalization_cell_0_35_3 Comoros nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_35_4 Naturalization_cell_0_35_5
CongoNaturalization_cell_0_36_0 10 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_36_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_36_2 Naturalization_cell_0_36_3 Congolese nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_36_4 Naturalization_cell_0_36_5
Costa RicaNaturalization_cell_0_37_0 5–7 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_37_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_37_2 Requires proven knowledge of Spanish language and Costa Rica's history, having a way of living, no criminal records and two witnesses.Naturalization_cell_0_37_3 Costa Rican nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_37_4 Naturalization_cell_0_37_5
CroatiaNaturalization_cell_0_38_0 8 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_38_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_38_2 Continuous residence; applicant must be a fluent Croatian speakerNaturalization_cell_0_38_3 Croatian nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_38_4 Naturalization_cell_0_38_5
CubaNaturalization_cell_0_39_0 Naturalization_cell_0_39_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_39_2 Foreigners can become naturalized citizens of Cuba since 2019.Naturalization_cell_0_39_3 Cuban nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_39_4 Naturalization_cell_0_39_5
CyprusNaturalization_cell_0_40_0 7 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_40_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_40_2 or by using the "Naturalization of Investors in Cyprus by Exception", a government run cash-for-passport program.Naturalization_cell_0_40_3 Cypriot nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_40_4 Naturalization_cell_0_40_5
Czech RepublicNaturalization_cell_0_41_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_41_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_41_2 5 years as permanent residence, 3 years as permanent resident for EU nationals or 10 years residence. Knows Czech language at least at B1 level.Naturalization_cell_0_41_3 Czech nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_41_4 Naturalization_cell_0_41_5
Democratic Republic of the CongoNaturalization_cell_0_42_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_42_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_42_2 Naturalization_cell_0_42_3 Congolese nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_42_4 Naturalization_cell_0_42_5
DenmarkNaturalization_cell_0_43_0 9 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_43_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_43_2 Continuous residenceNaturalization_cell_0_43_3 Danish nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_43_4 Naturalization_cell_0_43_5
DjiboutiNaturalization_cell_0_44_0 10 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_44_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_44_2 Naturalization_cell_0_44_3 Djiboutian nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_44_4 Naturalization_cell_0_44_5
DominicaNaturalization_cell_0_45_0 5-7 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_45_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_45_2 Naturalization_cell_0_45_3 Dominican nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_45_4 Naturalization_cell_0_45_5
Dominican RepublicNaturalization_cell_0_46_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_46_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_46_2 Naturalization_cell_0_46_3 Dominican nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_46_4 Naturalization_cell_0_46_5
East TimorNaturalization_cell_0_47_0 10 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_47_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_47_2 Naturalization_cell_0_47_3 East Timorese nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_47_4 Naturalization_cell_0_47_5
EcuadorNaturalization_cell_0_48_0 3 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_48_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_48_2 Continuous residenceNaturalization_cell_0_48_3 Ecuadorian nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_48_4 Naturalization_cell_0_48_5
EgyptNaturalization_cell_0_49_0 10 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_49_1 PartialNaturalization_cell_0_49_2 Naturalization_cell_0_49_3 Egyptian nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_49_4 Naturalization_cell_0_49_5
El SalvadorNaturalization_cell_0_50_0 1–5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_50_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_50_2 Naturalization_cell_0_50_3 Salvadoran nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_50_4 Naturalization_cell_0_50_5
Equatorial GuineaNaturalization_cell_0_51_0 10 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_51_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_51_2 Naturalization_cell_0_51_3 Nationality law of Equatorial GuineaNaturalization_cell_0_51_4 Naturalization_cell_0_51_5
EritreaNaturalization_cell_0_52_0 10-20 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_52_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_52_2 Naturalization_cell_0_52_3 Eritrean nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_52_4 Naturalization_cell_0_52_5
EstoniaNaturalization_cell_0_53_0 8 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_53_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_53_2 Eight years residence out of which five years as a permanent residence.Naturalization_cell_0_53_3 Estonian nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_53_4 Naturalization_cell_0_53_5
EswatiniNaturalization_cell_0_54_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_54_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_54_2 Naturalization_cell_0_54_3 Eswatini nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_54_4 Naturalization_cell_0_54_5
EthiopiaNaturalization_cell_0_55_0 1-2 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_55_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_55_2 Naturalization_cell_0_55_3 Ethiopian nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_55_4 Naturalization_cell_0_55_5
FijiNaturalization_cell_0_56_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_56_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_56_2 Five years of lawful residence out of the previous 10 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_56_3 Fijian nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_56_4 Naturalization_cell_0_56_5
FinlandNaturalization_cell_0_57_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_57_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_57_2 Continuous residenceNaturalization_cell_0_57_3 Finnish nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_57_4 Naturalization_cell_0_57_5
FranceNaturalization_cell_0_58_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_58_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_58_2 Continuous residency. Two years continuous residency for applicants who have had at least two years of higher education leading to a master's degree or higher in France. No minimum residency requirement for applicants who have served in the French Army, rendered exceptional service to France, and some other cases.Naturalization_cell_0_58_3 French nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_58_4 Naturalization_cell_0_58_5
GabonNaturalization_cell_0_59_0 10 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_59_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_59_2 Naturalization_cell_0_59_3 Gabonese nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_59_4 Naturalization_cell_0_59_5
GambiaNaturalization_cell_0_60_0 10 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_60_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_60_2 A person married to the Gambian national is not required to renounce its citizenship.Naturalization_cell_0_60_3 Gambian nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_60_4 Naturalization_cell_0_60_5
GeorgiaNaturalization_cell_0_61_0 10 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_61_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_61_2 Lawfully resided in Georgia for the last 10 consecutive years. Knows the official language of Georgia. Knows the history of Georgia and basic principles of law.Naturalization_cell_0_61_3 Georgian nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_61_4 Naturalization_cell_0_61_5
GermanyNaturalization_cell_0_62_0 8 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_62_1 PartialNaturalization_cell_0_62_2 Continuous residence. 7 years for applicants who have successfully completed an official integration course; 3 years for applicants who are married to, or in a registered same-sex partnership with, a German citizenNaturalization_cell_0_62_3 German nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_62_4 Naturalization_cell_0_62_5
GhanaNaturalization_cell_0_63_0 Naturalization_cell_0_63_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_63_2 Naturalization_cell_0_63_3 Ghanian nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_63_4 Naturalization_cell_0_63_5
GreeceNaturalization_cell_0_64_0 7 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_64_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_64_2 Naturalization_cell_0_64_3 Greek nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_64_4 Naturalization_cell_0_64_5
GrenadaNaturalization_cell_0_65_0 7 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_65_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_65_2 Naturalization_cell_0_65_3 Grenadian nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_65_4 Naturalization_cell_0_65_5
GuatemalaNaturalization_cell_0_66_0 10 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_66_1 PartialNaturalization_cell_0_66_2 Naturalization_cell_0_66_3 Guatemalan nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_66_4 Naturalization_cell_0_66_5
GuineaNaturalization_cell_0_67_0 Naturalization_cell_0_67_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_67_2 Naturalization_cell_0_67_3 Guinean nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_67_4 Naturalization_cell_0_67_5
Guinea-BissauNaturalization_cell_0_68_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_68_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_68_2 Naturalization_cell_0_68_3 Nationality law of Guinea-BissauNaturalization_cell_0_68_4 Naturalization_cell_0_68_5
GuyanaNaturalization_cell_0_69_0 Naturalization_cell_0_69_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_69_2 Naturalization_cell_0_69_3 Guyanese nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_69_4 Naturalization_cell_0_69_5
HaitiNaturalization_cell_0_70_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_70_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_70_2 Naturalization_cell_0_70_3 Haitian nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_70_4 Naturalization_cell_0_70_5
HondurasNaturalization_cell_0_71_0 2-3 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_71_1 PartialNaturalization_cell_0_71_2 Naturalization_cell_0_71_3 Honduran nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_71_4 Naturalization_cell_0_71_5
HungaryNaturalization_cell_0_72_0 8 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_72_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_72_2 Continuous residenceNaturalization_cell_0_72_3 Hungarian nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_72_4 Naturalization_cell_0_72_5
IcelandNaturalization_cell_0_73_0 7 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_73_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_73_2 Naturalization_cell_0_73_3 Icelandic nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_73_4 Naturalization_cell_0_73_5
IndiaNaturalization_cell_0_74_0 12 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_74_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_74_2 Naturalization_cell_0_74_3 Indian nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_74_4 Naturalization_cell_0_74_5
IndonesiaNaturalization_cell_0_75_0 5-10 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_75_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_75_2 Naturalization_cell_0_75_3 Indonesian nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_75_4 Naturalization_cell_0_75_5
IranNaturalization_cell_0_76_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_76_1 PartialNaturalization_cell_0_76_2 Become 18 years old and 5 years legal residence in Iran.Naturalization_cell_0_76_3 Iranian nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_76_4 Naturalization_cell_0_76_5
IraqNaturalization_cell_0_77_0 10 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_77_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_77_2 Naturalization_cell_0_77_3 Iraqi nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_77_4 Naturalization_cell_0_77_5
IrelandNaturalization_cell_0_78_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_78_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_78_2 Naturalization_cell_0_78_3 Irish nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_78_4 Naturalization_cell_0_78_5
IsraelNaturalization_cell_0_79_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_79_1 PartialNaturalization_cell_0_79_2 To naturalize, three years out of the previous five years of residence is required and must have the right to reside in Israel on a permanent basis. However, Jews around the world may obtain Israeli citizenship upon arrival by the Law of Return.Naturalization_cell_0_79_3 Israeli citizenship lawNaturalization_cell_0_79_4 Naturalization_cell_0_79_5
ItalyNaturalization_cell_0_80_0 10 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_80_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_80_2 The residence has to be continuous. The law provide some cases in which there is a faster access to naturalization: three years if at least one grandparent was/is Italian, four years for EU nationals, five years for refugees or stateless people.Naturalization_cell_0_80_3 Italian nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_80_4 Naturalization_cell_0_80_5
JamaicaNaturalization_cell_0_81_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_81_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_81_2 Naturalization_cell_0_81_3 Jamaican nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_81_4 Naturalization_cell_0_81_5
JapanNaturalization_cell_0_82_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_82_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_82_2 Continuous residence; three years if married to a Japanese national.Naturalization_cell_0_82_3 Japanese nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_82_4 Naturalization_cell_0_82_5
JordanNaturalization_cell_0_83_0 15 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_83_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_83_2 Naturalization_cell_0_83_3 Jordanian nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_83_4 Naturalization_cell_0_83_5
KazakhstanNaturalization_cell_0_84_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_84_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_84_2 Naturalization_cell_0_84_3 Kazakhstani nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_84_4 Naturalization_cell_0_84_5
KenyaNaturalization_cell_0_85_0 4-7 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_85_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_85_2 Naturalization_cell_0_85_3 Kenyan nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_85_4 Naturalization_cell_0_85_5
KiribatiNaturalization_cell_0_86_0 Naturalization_cell_0_86_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_86_2 Naturalization_cell_0_86_3 Kiribatian nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_86_4 Naturalization_cell_0_86_5
KuwaitNaturalization_cell_0_87_0 Naturalization_cell_0_87_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_87_2 Naturalization_cell_0_87_3 Kuwaiti nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_87_4 Naturalization_cell_0_87_5
KyrgyzstanNaturalization_cell_0_88_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_88_1 PartialNaturalization_cell_0_88_2 continuous residenceNaturalization_cell_0_88_3 Kyrgyzstani nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_88_4 Naturalization_cell_0_88_5
LaosNaturalization_cell_0_89_0 Naturalization_cell_0_89_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_89_2 Naturalization_cell_0_89_3 Lao nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_89_4 Naturalization_cell_0_89_5
LatviaNaturalization_cell_0_90_0 10 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_90_1 PartialNaturalization_cell_0_90_2 Naturalization_cell_0_90_3 Latvian nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_90_4 Naturalization_cell_0_90_5
LebanonNaturalization_cell_0_91_0 Naturalization_cell_0_91_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_91_2 Naturalization_cell_0_91_3 Lebanese nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_91_4 Naturalization_cell_0_91_5
LesothoNaturalization_cell_0_92_0 Naturalization_cell_0_92_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_92_2 Naturalization_cell_0_92_3 Lesotho nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_92_4 Naturalization_cell_0_92_5
LiberiaNaturalization_cell_0_93_0 2 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_93_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_93_2 Liberian law allows members of other races to hold permanent residency statusNaturalization_cell_0_93_3 Liberian nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_93_4 Naturalization_cell_0_93_5
LibyaNaturalization_cell_0_94_0 10 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_94_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_94_2 Naturalization_cell_0_94_3 Libyan nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_94_4 Naturalization_cell_0_94_5
LiechtensteinNaturalization_cell_0_95_0 10 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_95_1 PartialNaturalization_cell_0_95_2 Years spent in Liechtenstein under the age 20 count doubleNaturalization_cell_0_95_3 Liechtenstein nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_95_4 Naturalization_cell_0_95_5
LithuaniaNaturalization_cell_0_96_0 10 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_96_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_96_2 Continuous residence as a permanent resident; seven years if married to a Lithuanian national.Naturalization_cell_0_96_3 Lithuanian nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_96_4 Naturalization_cell_0_96_5
LuxembourgNaturalization_cell_0_97_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_97_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_97_2 Twelve months' continuous residence prior to applying for naturalization; three years' residence if married to a Luxembourgish citizen. The applicant must pass the Luxembourgish language examinations or have had at least 7 years of education in a Luxembourgish school.Naturalization_cell_0_97_3 Luxembourgish nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_97_4 Naturalization_cell_0_97_5
MadagascarNaturalization_cell_0_98_0 Naturalization_cell_0_98_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_98_2 Naturalization_cell_0_98_3 Malagasy nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_98_4 Naturalization_cell_0_98_5
MalawiNaturalization_cell_0_99_0 7 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_99_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_99_2 Five years for a person who is of an African race or has Commonwealth or Malawian tiesNaturalization_cell_0_99_3 Malawian nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_99_4 Naturalization_cell_0_99_5
MalaysiaNaturalization_cell_0_100_0 12 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_100_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_100_2 Naturalization_cell_0_100_3 Malaysian nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_100_4 Naturalization_cell_0_100_5
MaldivesNaturalization_cell_0_101_0 12 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_101_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_101_2 continuous residenceNaturalization_cell_0_101_3 Maldavian nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_101_4 Naturalization_cell_0_101_5
MaliNaturalization_cell_0_102_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_102_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_102_2 Naturalization_cell_0_102_3 Malian nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_102_4 Naturalization_cell_0_102_5
MaltaNaturalization_cell_0_103_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_103_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_103_2 Or a government run cash-for-passport program.Naturalization_cell_0_103_3 Maltese nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_103_4 Naturalization_cell_0_103_5
MauritaniaNaturalization_cell_0_104_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_104_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_104_2 Naturalization_cell_0_104_3 Mauritanian nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_104_4 Naturalization_cell_0_104_5
MauritiusNaturalization_cell_0_105_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_105_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_105_2 Naturalization_cell_0_105_3 Nationality law of MauritiusNaturalization_cell_0_105_4 Naturalization_cell_0_105_5
MexicoNaturalization_cell_0_106_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_106_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_106_2 Naturalization_cell_0_106_3 Mexican nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_106_4 Naturalization_cell_0_106_5
MoldovaNaturalization_cell_0_107_0 10 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_107_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_107_2 Eight years for stateless citizens or recognized refugeesNaturalization_cell_0_107_3 Moldovan nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_107_4 Naturalization_cell_0_107_5
MonacoNaturalization_cell_0_108_0 10 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_108_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_108_2 Continuous residenceNaturalization_cell_0_108_3 Monégasque nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_108_4 Naturalization_cell_0_108_5
MongoliaNaturalization_cell_0_109_0 Naturalization_cell_0_109_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_109_2 Naturalization_cell_0_109_3 Mongolian nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_109_4 Naturalization_cell_0_109_5
MontenegroNaturalization_cell_0_110_0 10 yearNaturalization_cell_0_110_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_110_2 Naturalization_cell_0_110_3 Montenegrin nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_110_4 Naturalization_cell_0_110_5
MoroccoNaturalization_cell_0_111_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_111_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_111_2 continuous residenceNaturalization_cell_0_111_3 Moroccan nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_111_4 Naturalization_cell_0_111_5
MozambiqueNaturalization_cell_0_112_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_112_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_112_2 Naturalization_cell_0_112_3 Mozambican nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_112_4 Naturalization_cell_0_112_5
MyanmarNaturalization_cell_0_113_0 N/ANaturalization_cell_0_113_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_113_2 Foreigners cannot become naturalized citizens of MyanmarNaturalization_cell_0_113_3 Myanmar nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_113_4 Naturalization_cell_0_113_5
NamibiaNaturalization_cell_0_114_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_114_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_114_2 Naturalization_cell_0_114_3 Namibian nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_114_4 Naturalization_cell_0_114_5
NepalNaturalization_cell_0_115_0 15 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_115_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_115_2 Naturalization_cell_0_115_3 Nepali nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_115_4 Naturalization_cell_0_115_5
NetherlandsNaturalization_cell_0_116_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_116_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_116_2 Continuous residenceNaturalization_cell_0_116_3 Dutch nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_116_4 Naturalization_cell_0_116_5
New ZealandNaturalization_cell_0_117_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_117_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_117_2 Continuous residenceNaturalization_cell_0_117_3 New Zealand nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_117_4 Naturalization_cell_0_117_5
NicaraguaNaturalization_cell_0_118_0 Naturalization_cell_0_118_1 PartialNaturalization_cell_0_118_2 Naturalization_cell_0_118_3 Nicaraguan nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_118_4 Naturalization_cell_0_118_5
NigerNaturalization_cell_0_119_0 Naturalization_cell_0_119_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_119_2 Naturalization_cell_0_119_3 Nigerien nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_119_4 Naturalization_cell_0_119_5
NigeriaNaturalization_cell_0_120_0 15 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_120_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_120_2 continuous residenceNaturalization_cell_0_120_3 Nigerian nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_120_4 Naturalization_cell_0_120_5
North KoreaNaturalization_cell_0_121_0 Naturalization_cell_0_121_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_121_2 Naturalization_cell_0_121_3 North Korean nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_121_4 Naturalization_cell_0_121_5
North MacedoniaNaturalization_cell_0_122_0 8 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_122_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_122_2 Continuous residenceNaturalization_cell_0_122_3 Macedonian nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_122_4 Naturalization_cell_0_122_5
NorwayNaturalization_cell_0_123_0 7 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_123_1 PartialNaturalization_cell_0_123_2 Seven years out of the previous 10 (with out-of-realm vacations of up to two months per year) as a permanent resident immediately before the applicationNaturalization_cell_0_123_3 Norwegian nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_123_4 Naturalization_cell_0_123_5
OmanNaturalization_cell_0_124_0 20 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_124_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_124_2 Naturalization_cell_0_124_3 Omani nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_124_4 Naturalization_cell_0_124_5
PakistanNaturalization_cell_0_125_0 Naturalization_cell_0_125_1 PartialNaturalization_cell_0_125_2 Naturalization_cell_0_125_3 Pakistani nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_125_4 Naturalization_cell_0_125_5
PalauNaturalization_cell_0_126_0 N/ANaturalization_cell_0_126_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_126_2 Foreigners cannot become naturalized citizens of PalauNaturalization_cell_0_126_3 Palauan nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_126_4 Naturalization_cell_0_126_5
PanamaNaturalization_cell_0_127_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_127_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_127_2 continuous residenceNaturalization_cell_0_127_3 Panamanian nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_127_4 Naturalization_cell_0_127_5
Papua New GuineaNaturalization_cell_0_128_0 8 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_128_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_128_2 Naturalization_cell_0_128_3 Nationality law of Papua New GuineaNaturalization_cell_0_128_4 Naturalization_cell_0_128_5
ParaguayNaturalization_cell_0_129_0 3 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_129_1 PartialNaturalization_cell_0_129_2 Naturalization_cell_0_129_3 Paraguayan nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_129_4 Naturalization_cell_0_129_5
PeruNaturalization_cell_0_130_0 2 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_130_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_130_2 Continuous residenceNaturalization_cell_0_130_3 Peruvian nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_130_4 Naturalization_cell_0_130_5
PhilippinesNaturalization_cell_0_131_0 5–10 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_131_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_131_2 Continuous residenceNaturalization_cell_0_131_3 Philippine nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_131_4 Naturalization_cell_0_131_5
PolandNaturalization_cell_0_132_0 10 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_132_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_132_2 Ten years residence or three years permanent residenceNaturalization_cell_0_132_3 Polish nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_132_4 Naturalization_cell_0_132_5
PortugalNaturalization_cell_0_133_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_133_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_133_2 Continuous residenceNaturalization_cell_0_133_3 Portuguese nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_133_4 Naturalization_cell_0_133_5
QatarNaturalization_cell_0_134_0 15-20 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_134_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_134_2 Naturalization_cell_0_134_3 Qatari nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_134_4 Naturalization_cell_0_134_5
RomaniaNaturalization_cell_0_135_0 8 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_135_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_135_2 Naturalization_cell_0_135_3 Romanian nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_135_4 Naturalization_cell_0_135_5
RussiaNaturalization_cell_0_136_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_136_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_136_2 Continuous residence. Three years if married to a Russian citizen. One year for valued specialists and refugees.Naturalization_cell_0_136_3 Russian nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_136_4 Naturalization_cell_0_136_5
RwandaNaturalization_cell_0_137_0 10 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_137_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_137_2 Naturalization_cell_0_137_3 Rwandan nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_137_4 Naturalization_cell_0_137_5
SamoaNaturalization_cell_0_138_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_138_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_138_2 Naturalization_cell_0_138_3 Samoan nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_138_4 Naturalization_cell_0_138_5
San MarinoNaturalization_cell_0_139_0 30 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_139_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_139_2 Fifteen years for foreigners married to a citizen of San MarinoNaturalization_cell_0_139_3 San Marino nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_139_4 Naturalization_cell_0_139_5
São Tomé and PríncipeNaturalization_cell_0_140_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_140_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_140_2 Naturalization_cell_0_140_3 Nationality law of São Tomé & PríncipeNaturalization_cell_0_140_4 Naturalization_cell_0_140_5
Saudi ArabiaNaturalization_cell_0_141_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_141_1 PartialNaturalization_cell_0_141_2 Naturalization_cell_0_141_3 Saudi Arabian nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_141_4 Naturalization_cell_0_141_5
SenegalNaturalization_cell_0_142_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_142_1 PartialNaturalization_cell_0_142_2 Naturalization_cell_0_142_3 Senegalese nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_142_4 Naturalization_cell_0_142_5
SerbiaNaturalization_cell_0_143_0 3 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_143_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_143_2 Continuous residenceNaturalization_cell_0_143_3 Serbian nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_143_4 Naturalization_cell_0_143_5
SeychellesNaturalization_cell_0_144_0 10 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_144_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_144_2 Seychelles only recognizes dual citizenship in specific cases concerning to native born citizens of Seychelles who later obtain another citizenship for domestic or economic convenience (such as to work abroad) or involuntarily through marriage to a foreign citizen.Naturalization_cell_0_144_3 Seychellois nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_144_4 Naturalization_cell_0_144_5
Sierra LeoneNaturalization_cell_0_145_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_145_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_145_2 Naturalization_cell_0_145_3 Nationality law of Sierra LeoneNaturalization_cell_0_145_4 Naturalization_cell_0_145_5
SingaporeNaturalization_cell_0_146_0 10-12 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_146_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_146_2 Naturalization_cell_0_146_3 Nationality law of SingaporeNaturalization_cell_0_146_4 Naturalization_cell_0_146_5
SlovakiaNaturalization_cell_0_147_0 8 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_147_1 PartialNaturalization_cell_0_147_2 Naturalization_cell_0_147_3 Slovak nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_147_4 Naturalization_cell_0_147_5
SloveniaNaturalization_cell_0_148_0 10 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_148_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_148_2 Ten years residence; five years continuous before the application.Naturalization_cell_0_148_3 Slovenian nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_148_4 Naturalization_cell_0_148_5
Solomon IslandsNaturalization_cell_0_149_0 7 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_149_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_149_2 Naturalization_cell_0_149_3 Nationality law of Solomon IslandsNaturalization_cell_0_149_4 Naturalization_cell_0_149_5
SomaliaNaturalization_cell_0_150_0 7 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_150_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_150_2 Naturalization_cell_0_150_3 Somalian nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_150_4 Naturalization_cell_0_150_5
South AfricaNaturalization_cell_0_151_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_151_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_151_2 Continuous residenceNaturalization_cell_0_151_3 South African nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_151_4 Naturalization_cell_0_151_5
South KoreaNaturalization_cell_0_152_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_152_1 PartialNaturalization_cell_0_152_2 Three years continuous if married to a South Korean nationalNaturalization_cell_0_152_3 South Korean nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_152_4 Naturalization_cell_0_152_5
South SudanNaturalization_cell_0_153_0 Naturalization_cell_0_153_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_153_2 Naturalization_cell_0_153_3 South Sudanese nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_153_4 Naturalization_cell_0_153_5
SpainNaturalization_cell_0_154_0 10 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_154_1 PartialNaturalization_cell_0_154_2 Two to five yearsNaturalization_cell_0_154_3 Spanish nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_154_4 Naturalization_cell_0_154_5
Sri LankaNaturalization_cell_0_155_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_155_1 PartialNaturalization_cell_0_155_2 Naturalization_cell_0_155_3 Sri Lankan nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_155_4 Naturalization_cell_0_155_5
St. Kitts and NevisNaturalization_cell_0_156_0 3 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_156_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_156_2 Naturalization_cell_0_156_3 Nationality law of St. Kitts and NevisNaturalization_cell_0_156_4 Naturalization_cell_0_156_5
St. LuciaNaturalization_cell_0_157_0 Naturalization_cell_0_157_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_157_2 Naturalization_cell_0_157_3 Nationality law of St. LuciaNaturalization_cell_0_157_4 Naturalization_cell_0_157_5
St. Vincent and the GrenadinesNaturalization_cell_0_158_0 7 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_158_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_158_2 Naturalization_cell_0_158_3 Nationality law of Vincent and the GrenadinesNaturalization_cell_0_158_4 Naturalization_cell_0_158_5
SudanNaturalization_cell_0_159_0 Naturalization_cell_0_159_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_159_2 Naturalization_cell_0_159_3 Sudanese nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_159_4 Naturalization_cell_0_159_5
SurinameNaturalization_cell_0_160_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_160_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_160_2 Naturalization_cell_0_160_3 Surinamese nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_160_4 Naturalization_cell_0_160_5
SwedenNaturalization_cell_0_161_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_161_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_161_2 Four years continuous for stateless people and refugeesNaturalization_cell_0_161_3 Swedish nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_161_4 Naturalization_cell_0_161_5
SwitzerlandNaturalization_cell_0_162_0 At least 10 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_162_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_162_2 C Permit (for foreigners) required to start naturalization procedure. C permit itself requires at least 10 years of residence. The years between the age of eight and eighteen count double, while a minimum of six years' residence is requiredNaturalization_cell_0_162_3 Swiss nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_162_4 Naturalization_cell_0_162_5
SyriaNaturalization_cell_0_163_0 5-10 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_163_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_163_2 Naturalization_cell_0_163_3 Syrian nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_163_4 Naturalization_cell_0_163_5
TaiwanNaturalization_cell_0_164_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_164_1 PartialNaturalization_cell_0_164_2 Naturalization_cell_0_164_3 Nationality law of the Republic of ChinaNaturalization_cell_0_164_4 Naturalization_cell_0_164_5
TajikistanNaturalization_cell_0_165_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_165_1 PartialNaturalization_cell_0_165_2 Naturalization_cell_0_165_3 Tajikistani nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_165_4 Naturalization_cell_0_165_5
TanzaniaNaturalization_cell_0_166_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_166_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_166_2 Naturalization_cell_0_166_3 Tanzanian nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_166_4 Naturalization_cell_0_166_5
ThailandNaturalization_cell_0_167_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_167_1 PartialNaturalization_cell_0_167_2 Continuous residence; applicant must have knowledge of the Thai language. Residence and language requirememts are waived for spouses and children of Thai citizens.Naturalization_cell_0_167_3 Thai nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_167_4 Naturalization_cell_0_167_5
TogoNaturalization_cell_0_168_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_168_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_168_2 Naturalization_cell_0_168_3 Togolese nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_168_4 Naturalization_cell_0_168_5
TongaNaturalization_cell_0_169_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_169_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_169_2 Naturalization_cell_0_169_3 Tongan nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_169_4 Naturalization_cell_0_169_5
Trinidad and TobagoNaturalization_cell_0_170_0 7 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_170_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_170_2 Naturalization_cell_0_170_3 Trinidadnian nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_170_4 Naturalization_cell_0_170_5
TunisiaNaturalization_cell_0_171_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_171_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_171_2 Continuous residence; applicant must be a fluent speaker of the Arabic language.Naturalization_cell_0_171_3 Tunisian nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_171_4 Naturalization_cell_0_171_5
TurkeyNaturalization_cell_0_172_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_172_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_172_2 Continuous residence; applicant must be a fluent speaker of the Turkish language.Naturalization_cell_0_172_3 Turkish nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_172_4 Naturalization_cell_0_172_5
TurkmenistanNaturalization_cell_0_173_0 7 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_173_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_173_2 Naturalization_cell_0_173_3 Turkmen nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_173_4 Naturalization_cell_0_173_5
UgandaNaturalization_cell_0_174_0 Naturalization_cell_0_174_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_174_2 The law prohibts any citzen with a third nationality to become a citizen of UganadaNaturalization_cell_0_174_3 Ugandan nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_174_4 Naturalization_cell_0_174_5
UkraineNaturalization_cell_0_175_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_175_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_175_2 Naturalization_cell_0_175_3 Ukrainian nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_175_4 Naturalization_cell_0_175_5
United Arab EmiratesNaturalization_cell_0_176_0 30 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_176_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_176_2 7 years for citizens of Arab descent. 3 years for citizens of Qatar, Oman, and Bahrain.Naturalization_cell_0_176_3 Emirati nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_176_4 Naturalization_cell_0_176_5
United KingdomNaturalization_cell_0_177_0 6 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_177_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_177_2 Non-EU/EEA/Swiss citizens must have indefinite leave to remain for 1 year before applying for naturalisation. Residency requirement for ILR is 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_177_3 British nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_177_4 Naturalization_cell_0_177_5
United StatesNaturalization_cell_0_178_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_178_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_178_2 Must have been physically present in the US for at least 30 of the 60 months preceding the application; ineligible if absent for a continuous period of 6 months or more during these 60 months. 3 years for spouses of U.S. citizensNaturalization_cell_0_178_3 United States nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_178_4 Naturalization_cell_0_178_5
UruguayNaturalization_cell_0_179_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_179_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_179_2 Three years if the applicant has a Uruguayan family member.Naturalization_cell_0_179_3 Uruguayan nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_179_4 Naturalization_cell_0_179_5
UzbekistanNaturalization_cell_0_180_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_180_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_180_2 Naturalization_cell_0_180_3 Uzbekistani nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_180_4 Naturalization_cell_0_180_5
VanuatuNaturalization_cell_0_181_0 10 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_181_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_181_2 Naturalization_cell_0_181_3 Nationality law of VanuatuNaturalization_cell_0_181_4 Naturalization_cell_0_181_5
VenezuelaNaturalization_cell_0_182_0 10 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_182_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_182_2 Natural-born citizens of Spain, Portugal, Italy, Latin American or Caribbean country and have been legally living in Venezuela for 5 continuous years.Naturalization_cell_0_182_3 Venezuelan nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_182_4 Naturalization_cell_0_182_5
VietnamNaturalization_cell_0_183_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_183_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_183_2 Naturalization_cell_0_183_3 Vietnamese nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_183_4 Naturalization_cell_0_183_5
YemenNaturalization_cell_0_184_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_184_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_184_2 Naturalization_cell_0_184_3 Yemeni nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_184_4 Naturalization_cell_0_184_5
ZambiaNaturalization_cell_0_185_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_185_1 NoNaturalization_cell_0_185_2 Naturalization_cell_0_185_3 Zambian nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_185_4 Naturalization_cell_0_185_5
ZimbabweNaturalization_cell_0_186_0 5 yearsNaturalization_cell_0_186_1 YesNaturalization_cell_0_186_2 Naturalization_cell_0_186_3 Zimbabwean nationality lawNaturalization_cell_0_186_4 Naturalization_cell_0_186_5

Mass naturalizations Naturalization_section_21

A few rare mass naturalization processes have been implemented by nation states. Naturalization_sentence_131

In 1891, Brazil granted naturalization to all aliens living in the country. Naturalization_sentence_132

In 1922, Greece massively naturalized all the Greek refugees coming from Turkey. Naturalization_sentence_133

The second massive naturalization process was in favor of Armenian refugees coming from Turkey, who went to Syria, Lebanon or other former Ottoman countries. Naturalization_sentence_134

Reciprocally, Turkey massively naturalized the refugees of Turkish descent or other ethnic backgrounds in Muslim creed from these countries during a redemption process. Naturalization_sentence_135

Canada instituted a mass naturalization by Act of Parliament with the enactment of the Canadian Citizenship Act 1946. Naturalization_sentence_136

After annexation of the territories east of the Curzon line by the Soviet Union in 1945, Soviets naturalized en masse all the inhabitants of those territories—including ethnic Poles, as well as its other citizens who had been deported into the Soviet Union, mainly to Kazakhstan. Naturalization_sentence_137

Those people were forcibly naturalized as Soviet citizens. Naturalization_sentence_138

Later on, Germany granted to the ethnic German population in Russia and Kazakhstan full citizenship rights. Naturalization_sentence_139

Poland has a limited repatriation program in place. Naturalization_sentence_140

The most recent massive naturalization case resulted from the Argentine economic crisis in the beginning of the 21st century. Naturalization_sentence_141

Existing or slightly updated right of return laws in Spain and Italy allowed many of their diasporic descendants to obtain—in many cases to regain—naturalization in virtue of jus sanguinis, as in the Greek case. Naturalization_sentence_142

Hence, many Argentines acquired European nationality. Naturalization_sentence_143

Since the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution grants citizenship only to those "born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof", and the original United States Constitution only grants Congress the power of naturalization, it could be argued that all acts of Congress that expand the right of citizenship are cases of mass naturalization. Naturalization_sentence_144

This includes the acts that extended U.S. citizenship to citizens of Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, Guam, and the Northern Mariana Islands, as well as the Indian Citizenship Act of 1924 which made all Native Americans citizens (most of them were previously excluded under the "jurisdiction" clause of the 14th Amendment). Naturalization_sentence_145

In the eastern Malaysian state of Sabah, mass naturalisation also happened during the administration of United Sabah National Organisation (USNO) and Sabah People's United Front (BERJAYA's) Muslim-dominated political parties to increase the Muslim population in the territory by naturalising immigrants and refugees from the mainly-Muslim dominated areas of Mindanao and Sulu Archipelago of the Philippines and Sulawesi of Indonesia. Naturalization_sentence_146

In occupied territories Naturalization_section_22

The mass naturalization of native people in occupied territories is illegal under the laws of war (Hague and Geneva Conventions). Naturalization_sentence_147

However, there have been many instances of such illegal mass naturalizations in the 20th century. Naturalization_sentence_148

See also Naturalization_section_23

Naturalization_unordered_list_13


Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naturalization.