Neil Young

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For other people named Neil Young, see Neil Young (disambiguation). Neil Young_sentence_0

Neil Young_table_infobox_0

Neil Young

OC OMNeil Young_header_cell_0_0_0

BornNeil Young_header_cell_0_1_0 Neil Percival Young
(1945-11-12) November 12, 1945 (age 75)

Toronto, Ontario, CanadaNeil Young_cell_0_1_1

Other namesNeil Young_header_cell_0_2_0 Bernard ShakeyNeil Young_cell_0_2_1
CitizenshipNeil Young_header_cell_0_3_0 Neil Young_cell_0_3_1
OccupationNeil Young_header_cell_0_4_0 Neil Young_cell_0_4_1
Years activeNeil Young_header_cell_0_5_0 1963–presentNeil Young_cell_0_5_1
Spouse(s)Neil Young_header_cell_0_6_0 Susan Acevedo

​ ​(m. 1968; div. 1970)​ Pegi Young ​ ​(m. 1978; div. 2014)​ Daryl Hannah ​(m. 2018)​Neil Young_cell_0_6_1

ParentsNeil Young_header_cell_0_7_0 Neil Young_cell_0_7_1
RelativesNeil Young_header_cell_0_8_0 Astrid Young (sister)Neil Young_cell_0_8_1
OriginNeil Young_header_cell_0_9_0 Winnipeg, Manitoba, CanadaNeil Young_cell_0_9_1
GenresNeil Young_header_cell_0_10_0 Neil Young_cell_0_10_1
InstrumentsNeil Young_header_cell_0_11_0 Neil Young_cell_0_11_1
LabelsNeil Young_header_cell_0_12_0 Neil Young_cell_0_12_1
Associated actsNeil Young_header_cell_0_13_0 Neil Young_cell_0_13_1
WebsiteNeil Young_header_cell_0_14_0 Q633#P856Neil Young_cell_0_14_1

Neil Percival Young OC OM (born November 12, 1945) is a Canadian-American singer-songwriter, musician, and activist. Neil Young_sentence_1

After embarking on a music career in the 1960s, he moved to Los Angeles, joining Buffalo Springfield with Stephen Stills, Richie Furay and others. Neil Young_sentence_2

Since his early solo albums and those with his backing band Crazy Horse, Young has been prolific, recording a steady stream of studio and live albums. Neil Young_sentence_3

Young has received several Grammy and Juno Awards. Neil Young_sentence_4

The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inducted him twice: in 1995 as a solo artist and in 1997 as a member of Buffalo Springfield. Neil Young_sentence_5

In 2000, Rolling Stone named Young the 34th greatest rock 'n roll artist. Neil Young_sentence_6

His guitar work, deeply personal lyrics and signature tenor singing voice define his long career. Neil Young_sentence_7

He also plays piano and harmonica on many albums, which frequently combine folk, rock, country and other musical styles. Neil Young_sentence_8

His often distorted electric guitar playing, especially with Crazy Horse, earned him the nickname "Godfather of Grunge" and led to his 1995 album Mirror Ball with Pearl Jam. Neil Young_sentence_9

More recently he has been backed by Promise of the Real. Neil Young_sentence_10

His 21 albums and singles have been certified Gold and Platinum in U.S by RIAA certification. Neil Young_sentence_11

Young directed (or co-directed) films using the pseudonym Bernard Shakey, including Journey Through the Past (1973), Rust Never Sleeps (1979), Human Highway (1982), Greendale (2003), and CSNY/Déjà Vu (2008). Neil Young_sentence_12

He also contributed to the soundtracks of the films Philadelphia (1993) and Dead Man (1995). Neil Young_sentence_13

Young has lived in California since the 1960s but retains Canadian citizenship. Neil Young_sentence_14

He was awarded the Order of Manitoba on July 14, 2006, and was made an Officer of the Order of Canada on December 30, 2009. Neil Young_sentence_15

He became a United States citizen, taking dual citizenship, on January 22, 2020. Neil Young_sentence_16

Early life (1945–1963) Neil Young_section_0

Neil Young was born on November 12, 1945, in Toronto, Canada. Neil Young_sentence_17

His father, Scott Alexander Young (1918–2005), was a journalist and sportswriter who also wrote fiction. Neil Young_sentence_18

His mother, Edna Blow Ragland "Rassy" Young (1918–1990) was a member of the Daughters of the American Revolution. Neil Young_sentence_19

Although Canadian, his mother had American and French ancestry. Neil Young_sentence_20

Young's parents married in 1940 in Winnipeg, Manitoba, and their first son, Robert "Bob" Young, was born in 1942. Neil Young_sentence_21

Shortly after Young's birth in 1945, his family moved to rural Omemee, Ontario, which Young later described fondly as a "sleepy little place". Neil Young_sentence_22

Young suffered from polio in 1952 during the last major outbreak of the disease in Ontario (the Canadian singer-songwriter Joni Mitchell, then aged nine, also contracted the virus during this epidemic). Neil Young_sentence_23

After his recovery, the Young family vacationed in Florida. Neil Young_sentence_24

During that period, Young briefly attended Faulkner Elementary School in New Smyrna Beach, Florida. Neil Young_sentence_25

In 1952, upon returning to Canada, Young moved from Omemee to Winnipeg for a year, before relocating to Toronto (1957–1960) and Pickering (1956). Neil Young_sentence_26

While in Toronto, Young attended the high school Lawrence Park Collegiate Institute. Neil Young_sentence_27

He was a freshman at the school in 1959. Neil Young_sentence_28

It is rumoured that he was expelled for riding a motorcycle down the hall of the school. Neil Young_sentence_29

Young became interested in popular music he heard on the radio. Neil Young_sentence_30

When Young was twelve, his father, who had had several extramarital affairs, left his mother. Neil Young_sentence_31

His mother asked for a divorce, which was granted in 1960. Neil Young_sentence_32

Young went to live with his mother, who moved back to Winnipeg, while his brother Bob stayed with his father in Toronto. Neil Young_sentence_33

During the mid-1950s, Young listened to rock 'n roll, rockabilly, doo-wop, R&B, country, and western pop. Neil Young_sentence_34

He idolized Elvis Presley and later referred to him in a number of his songs. Neil Young_sentence_35

Other early musical influences included Link Wray, Jimmy Gilmer and the Fireballs, The Ventures, Cliff Richard and the Shadows, Chuck Berry, Hank Marvin, Little Richard, Fats Domino, The Chantels, The Monotones, Ronnie Self, the Fleetwoods, Jerry Lee Lewis, Johnny Cash, Roy Orbison and Gogi Grant. Neil Young_sentence_36

Young first began to play music himself on a plastic ukulele, before, as he would later relate, going on to "a better ukulele to a banjo ukulele to a baritone ukulele – everything but a guitar." Neil Young_sentence_37

Career Neil Young_section_1

Early career (1963–1966) Neil Young_section_2

Young and his mother settled into the working-class area of Fort Rouge, Winnipeg, where the shy, dry-humoured youth enrolled at Earl Grey Junior High School. Neil Young_sentence_38

It was there that he formed his first band, the Jades, and met Ken Koblun. Neil Young_sentence_39

While attending Kelvin High School in Winnipeg, he played in several instrumental rock bands, eventually dropping out of school in favour of a musical career. Neil Young_sentence_40

Young's first stable band was The Squires, with Ken Koblun, Jeff Wuckert and Bill Edmondson on drums, who had a local hit called "The Sultan". Neil Young_sentence_41

The band played in Fort William (now part of the city of Thunder Bay, Ontario), where they recorded a series of demos produced by a local producer, Ray Dee, who Young called "the original Briggs". Neil Young_sentence_42

While playing at The Flamingo, Young met Stephen Stills, whose band the Company was playing the same venue, and they became friends. Neil Young_sentence_43

The Squires played in several dance halls and clubs in Winnipeg and Ontario. Neil Young_sentence_44

After leaving the Squires, Young worked folk clubs in Winnipeg, where he first met Joni Mitchell. Neil Young_sentence_45

Mitchell recalls Young as having been highly influenced by Bob Dylan at the time. Neil Young_sentence_46

Here he wrote some of his earliest and most enduring folk songs such as "Sugar Mountain", about lost youth. Neil Young_sentence_47

Mitchell wrote "The Circle Game" in response. Neil Young_sentence_48

The Winnipeg band The Guess Who (with Randy Bachman as lead guitarist) had a Canadian Top 40 hit with Young's "Flying on the Ground is Wrong", which was Young's first major success as a songwriter. Neil Young_sentence_49

In 1965, Young toured Canada as a solo artist. Neil Young_sentence_50

In 1966, while in Toronto, he joined the Rick James-fronted Mynah Birds. Neil Young_sentence_51

The band managed to secure a record deal with the Motown label, but as their first album was being recorded, James was arrested for being AWOL from the Navy Reserve. Neil Young_sentence_52

After the Mynah Birds disbanded, Young and the bass player Bruce Palmer decided to pawn the group's musical equipment and buy a Pontiac hearse, which they used to relocate to Los Angeles. Neil Young_sentence_53

Young admitted in a 2009 interview that he was in the United States illegally until he received a "green card" (permanent residency permit) in 1970. Neil Young_sentence_54

Buffalo Springfield (1966–1968) Neil Young_section_3

Main article: Buffalo Springfield Neil Young_sentence_55

Once they reached Los Angeles, Young and Palmer met up with Stephen Stills and Richie Furay after a chance encounter in traffic on Sunset Boulevard. Neil Young_sentence_56

Along with Dewey Martin, they formed Buffalo Springfield. Neil Young_sentence_57

A mixture of folk, country, psychedelia, and rock, lent a hard edge by the twin lead guitars of Stills and Young, made Buffalo Springfield a critical success, and their first record Buffalo Springfield (1966) sold well after Stills' topical song "For What It's Worth" became a hit, aided by Young's melodic harmonics played on electric guitar. Neil Young_sentence_58

According to Rolling Stone, the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and other sources, Buffalo Springfield helped create the genres of folk rock and country rock. Neil Young_sentence_59

Distrust of their management, as well as the arrest and deportation of Palmer, worsened the already strained relations among the group members and led to Buffalo Springfield's demise. Neil Young_sentence_60

A second album, Buffalo Springfield Again, was released in late 1967, but two of Young's three contributions were solo tracks recorded apart from the rest of the group. Neil Young_sentence_61

From that album, "Mr. Neil Young_sentence_62 Soul" was the only Young song of the three that all five members of the group performed together. Neil Young_sentence_63

"Broken Arrow" features snippets of sound from other sources, including opening the song with a soundbite of Dewey Martin singing "Mr. Neil Young_sentence_64

Soul" and closing it with the thumping of a heartbeat. Neil Young_sentence_65

"Expecting to Fly" featured a string arrangement that Young's co-producer for the track, Jack Nitzsche, dubbed "symphonic pop". Neil Young_sentence_66

In May 1968, the band split up for good, but to fulfill a contractual obligation, a final studio album, Last Time Around, was released. Neil Young_sentence_67

The album was primarily composed of recordings made earlier that year. Neil Young_sentence_68

Young contributed the songs "On the Way Home" and "I Am a Child", singing lead on the latter. Neil Young_sentence_69

In 1997, the band was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame; Young did not appear at the ceremony. Neil Young_sentence_70

The three surviving members, Furay, Stills, and Young, appeared together as Buffalo Springfield at Young's annual Bridge School Benefit on October 23–24, 2010, and at Bonnaroo in the summer of 2011. Neil Young_sentence_71

Young also played as a studio session guitarist for some 1968 recordings by The Monkees which appeared on the Head and Instant Replay albums. Neil Young_sentence_72

Going solo, Crazy Horse (1968–1969) Neil Young_section_4

Main article: Crazy Horse (band) Neil Young_sentence_73

After the break-up of Buffalo Springfield, Young signed a solo deal with Reprise Records, home of his colleague and friend Joni Mitchell, with whom he shared a manager, Elliot Roberts, who managed Young until his death in 2019. Neil Young_sentence_74

Young and Roberts immediately began work on Young's first solo record, Neil Young (January 22, 1969), which received mixed reviews. Neil Young_sentence_75

In a 1970 interview, Young deprecated the album as being "overdubbed rather than played." Neil Young_sentence_76

The album contains songs that remain a staple of his live shows, including "The Loner." Neil Young_sentence_77

For his next album, Young recruited three musicians from a band called The Rockets: Danny Whitten on guitar, Billy Talbot on bass guitar, and Ralph Molina on drums. Neil Young_sentence_78

These three took the name Crazy Horse (after the historical figure of the same name), and Everybody Knows This Is Nowhere (May 1969), is credited to "Neil Young with Crazy Horse." Neil Young_sentence_79

Recorded in just two weeks, the album includes "Cinnamon Girl", "Cowgirl in the Sand", and "Down by the River." Neil Young_sentence_80

Young reportedly wrote all three songs in bed on the same day while nursing a high fever of 103 °F (39 °C). Neil Young_sentence_81

Crosby, Stills, Nash, and Young (1969–1970) Neil Young_section_5

Main article: Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young Neil Young_sentence_82

Shortly after the release of Everybody Knows This Is Nowhere, Young reunited with Stephen Stills by joining Crosby, Stills & Nash, who had already released one album Crosby, Stills & Nash as a trio in May 1969. Neil Young_sentence_83

Young was originally offered a position as a sideman, but agreed to join only if he received full membership, and the group – winners of the 1969 "Best New Artist" Grammy Award – was renamed Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young. Neil Young_sentence_84

The quartet debuted in Chicago on August 16, 1969, and later performed at the famous Woodstock Festival, during which Young skipped the majority of the acoustic set and refused to be filmed during the electric set, even telling the cameramen: "One of you fuckin' guys comes near me and I'm gonna fuckin' hit you with my guitar". Neil Young_sentence_85

During the making of their first album, Déjà Vu (March 11, 1970), the musicians frequently argued, particularly Young and Stills, who both fought for control. Neil Young_sentence_86

Stills continued throughout their lifelong relationship to criticize Young, saying that he "wanted to play folk music in a rock band." Neil Young_sentence_87

Despite the tension, Young's tenure with CSN&Y coincided with the band's most creative and successful period, and greatly contributed to his subsequent success as a solo artist. Neil Young_sentence_88

Young wrote "Ohio" following the Kent State massacre on May 4, 1970. Neil Young_sentence_89

The song was quickly recorded by CSN&Y and immediately released as a single, even though CSN&Y's "Teach Your Children" was still climbing the singles charts. Neil Young_sentence_90

After the Gold Rush, acoustic tour and Harvest (1970–1972) Neil Young_section_6

Later in the year, Young released his third solo album, After the Gold Rush (August 31, 1970), which featured, among others, Nils Lofgren, Stephen Stills, and CSNY bassist Greg Reeves. Neil Young_sentence_91

Young also recorded some tracks with Crazy Horse, but dismissed them early in the sessions. Neil Young_sentence_92

The eventual recording was less amplified than Everybody Knows This is Nowhere, with a wider range of sounds. Neil Young_sentence_93

Young's newfound fame with CSNY made the album his commercial breakthrough as a solo artist, and it contains some of his best known work, including "Tell Me Why" and "Don't Let It Bring You Down", the country-influenced singles "Only Love Can Break Your Heart" and "When You Dance I Can Really Love", and the title track, "After the Gold Rush", played on piano, with dream-like lyrics that ran a gamut of subjects from drugs and interpersonal relationships to environmental concerns. Neil Young_sentence_94

Young's bitter condemnation of racism in the heavy blues-rock song "Southern Man" (along with a later song entitled "Alabama") was also controversial with southerners in an era of desegregation, prompting Lynyrd Skynyrd to decry Young by name in the lyrics to their hit "Sweet Home Alabama." Neil Young_sentence_95

However, Young said he was a fan of Skynyrd's music, and the band's front man Ronnie Van Zant was later photographed wearing a Tonight's the Night T-shirt on the cover of an album. Neil Young_sentence_96

In the autumn of 1970, Young began a solo acoustic tour of North America, during which he played a variety of his Buffalo Springfield and CSNY songs on guitar and piano, along with material from his solo albums and a number of new songs. Neil Young_sentence_97

Some songs premiered by Young on the tour, like "Journey through the Past", would never find a home on a studio album, while other songs, like "See the Sky About to Rain", would only be released in coming years. Neil Young_sentence_98

With CSNY splitting up and Crazy Horse having signed their own record deal, Young's tour, now entitled "Journey Through the Past", continued into early 1971, and its focus shifted more to newer songs he had been writing; he famously remarked that having written so many, he could not think of anything to do but play them. Neil Young_sentence_99

Many gigs were sold out, including concerts at Carnegie Hall and a pair of acclaimed hometown shows at Toronto's Massey Hall, which were taped for a planned live album. Neil Young_sentence_100

The shows became legendary among Young fans, and the recordings were officially released nearly 40 years later as an official bootleg in Young's Archive series. Neil Young_sentence_101

Near the end of his tour, Young performed one of the new acoustic songs on the Johnny Cash TV show. Neil Young_sentence_102

"The Needle and the Damage Done", a somber lament on the pain caused by heroin addiction, had been inspired in part by Crazy Horse member Danny Whitten, who eventually died while battling his drug problems. Neil Young_sentence_103

While in Nashville for the Cash taping, Young accepted the invitation of Quadrafonic Sound Studios owner Elliot Mazer to record tracks there with a group of country-music session musicians who were pulled together at the last minute. Neil Young_sentence_104

Making a connection with them, he christened them The Stray Gators, and began playing with them. Neil Young_sentence_105

Befitting the immediacy of the project, Linda Ronstadt and James Taylor were brought in from the Cash taping to do background vocals. Neil Young_sentence_106

Against the advice of his producer David Briggs, he scrapped plans for the imminent release of the live acoustic recording in favour of a studio album consisting of the Nashville sessions, electric-guitar oriented sessions recorded later in his barn, and two recordings made with the London Symphony Orchestra at Barking (credited as Barking Town Hall and now the Broadway Theatre) during March 1971. Neil Young_sentence_107

The result was Young's fourth album, Harvest (February 14, 1972). Neil Young_sentence_108

The only remnant left of the original live concept was the album's live acoustic performance of "Needle and the Damage Done." Neil Young_sentence_109

After his success with CSNY, Young purchased a ranch in the rural hills above Woodside and Redwood City in Northern California ("Broken Arrow Ranch", where he lived until his divorce in 2014.). Neil Young_sentence_110

He wrote the song "Old Man" in honor of the land's longtime caretaker, Louis Avila. Neil Young_sentence_111

The song "A Man Needs a Maid" was inspired by his relationship with actress Carrie Snodgress. Neil Young_sentence_112

"Heart of Gold" was released as the first single from Harvest, the only No. Neil Young_sentence_113

1 hit in his career. Neil Young_sentence_114

"Old Man" was also popular. Neil Young_sentence_115

The album's recording had been almost accidental. Neil Young_sentence_116

Its mainstream success caught Young off guard, and his first instinct was to back away from stardom. Neil Young_sentence_117

In the Decade (1977) compilation, Young chose to include his greatest hits from the period, but his handwritten liner notes famously described "Heart of Gold" as the song that "put me in the middle of the road. Neil Young_sentence_118

Traveling there soon became a bore, so I headed for the ditch. Neil Young_sentence_119

A rougher ride but I saw more interesting people there." Neil Young_sentence_120

The "Ditch" Trilogy and personal struggles (1972–1974) Neil Young_section_7

Although a new tour with The Stray Gators (now augmented by Danny Whitten) had been planned to follow up on the success of Harvest, it became apparent during rehearsals that Whitten could not function due to drug abuse. Neil Young_sentence_121

On November 18, 1972, shortly after he was fired from the tour preparations, Whitten was found dead of an apparent alcohol/diazepam overdose. Neil Young_sentence_122

Young described the incident to Rolling Stone's Cameron Crowe in 1975: "[We] were rehearsing with him and he just couldn't cut it. Neil Young_sentence_123

He couldn't remember anything. Neil Young_sentence_124

He was too out of it. Neil Young_sentence_125

Too far gone. Neil Young_sentence_126

I had to tell him to go back to L.A. 'It's not happening, man. Neil Young_sentence_127

You're not together enough.' Neil Young_sentence_128

He just said, 'I've got nowhere else to go, man. Neil Young_sentence_129

How am I gonna tell my friends?' Neil Young_sentence_130

And he split. Neil Young_sentence_131

That night the coroner called me from L.A. and told me he'd OD'd. Neil Young_sentence_132

That blew my mind. Neil Young_sentence_133

I loved Danny. Neil Young_sentence_134

I felt responsible. Neil Young_sentence_135

And from there, I had to go right out on this huge tour of huge arenas. Neil Young_sentence_136

I was very nervous and ... Neil Young_sentence_137

insecure." Neil Young_sentence_138

On the tour, Young struggled with his voice and the performance of drummer Kenny Buttrey, a noted Nashville session musician who was unaccustomed to performing in the hard rock milieu; Buttrey was eventually replaced by former CSNY drummer Johnny Barbata, while David Crosby and Graham Nash contributed rhythm guitar and backing vocals to the final dates of the tour. Neil Young_sentence_139

The album assembled in the aftermath of this incident, Time Fades Away (October 15, 1973), has often been described by Young as "[his] least favorite record", and was not officially released on CD until 2017 (as part of Young's Official Release Series). Neil Young_sentence_140

Nevertheless, Young and his band tried several new musical approaches in this period. Neil Young_sentence_141

Time Fades Away, for instance, was recorded live, although it was an album of new material, an approach Young would repeat with more success later on. Neil Young_sentence_142

Time was the first of three consecutive commercial failures which would later become known collectively to fans as the "Ditch Trilogy", as contrasted with the more middle-of-the-road pop of Harvest (1972). Neil Young_sentence_143

These subsequent albums were seen as more challenging expressions of Young's inner conflicts on achieving success, expressing both the specific struggles of his friends and himself, and the decaying idealism of his generation in America at the time. Neil Young_sentence_144

In the second half of 1973, Young formed The Santa Monica Flyers, with Crazy Horse's rhythm section augmented by Nils Lofgren on guitar and piano and Harvest/Time Fades Away veteran Ben Keith on pedal steel guitar. Neil Young_sentence_145

Deeply affected by the drug-induced deaths of Whitten and roadie Bruce Berry, Young recorded an album specifically inspired by the incidents, Tonight's the Night (June 20, 1975). Neil Young_sentence_146

The album's dark tone and rawness led Reprise to delay its release and Young had to pressure them for two years before they would do so. Neil Young_sentence_147

While his record company was stalling, Young recorded another album, On the Beach (July 16, 1974), which presented a more melodic, acoustic sound at times, including a recording of the older song "See the Sky About to Rain", but dealt with similarly dark themes such as the collapse of 1960s folk ideals, the downside of success and the underbelly of the Californian lifestyle. Neil Young_sentence_148

Like Time Fades Away, it sold poorly but eventually became a critical favorite, presenting some of Young's most original work. Neil Young_sentence_149

A review of the 2003 re-release on CD of On the Beach described the music as "mesmerizing, harrowing, lucid, and bleary". Neil Young_sentence_150

After completing On the Beach, Young reunited with Harvest producer Elliot Mazer to record another acoustic album, Homegrown. Neil Young_sentence_151

Most of the songs were written after Young's break-up with Carrie Snodgress, and thus the tone of the album was somewhat dark. Neil Young_sentence_152

Though Homegrown was reportedly entirely complete, Young decided, not for the first or last time in his career, to drop it and release something else instead, in this case, Tonight's the Night, at the suggestion of Band bassist Rick Danko. Neil Young_sentence_153

Young further explained his move by saying: "It was a little too personal ... it scared me". Neil Young_sentence_154

Most of the songs from Homegrown were later incorporated into other Young albums while the original album was not released until 2020. Neil Young_sentence_155

Tonight's the Night, when finally released in 1975, sold poorly, as had the previous albums of the "ditch" trilogy, and received mixed reviews at the time, but is now regarded as a landmark album. Neil Young_sentence_156

In Young's own opinion, it was the closest he ever came to art. Neil Young_sentence_157

Reunions, retrospectives and Rust Never Sleeps (1974–1979) Neil Young_section_8

Young reunited with Crosby, Stills, and Nash after a four-year hiatus in the summer of 1974 for a concert tour which was recorded and released in 2014 as CSNY 1974. Neil Young_sentence_158

It was one of the first ever stadium tours, and the largest tour in which Young has participated to date. Neil Young_sentence_159

In 1975, Young reformed Crazy Horse with Frank Sampedro on guitar as his backup band for his eighth album, Zuma (November 10, 1975). Neil Young_sentence_160

Many of the songs dealt with the theme of failed relationships; "Cortez the Killer", a retelling of the Spanish conquest of Mexico from the viewpoint of the Aztecs, may also be heard as an allegory of love lost. Neil Young_sentence_161

Zuma's closing track, "Through My Sails", was the only released fragment from aborted sessions with Crosby, Stills and Nash for another group album. Neil Young_sentence_162

In 1976, Young reunited with Stephen Stills for the album Long May You Run (September 20, 1976), credited to The Stills-Young Band; the follow-up tour was ended midway through by Young, who sent Stills a telegram that read: "Funny how some things that start spontaneously end that way. Neil Young_sentence_163

Eat a peach, Neil." Neil Young_sentence_164

In 1976, Young performed with Bob Dylan, Joni Mitchell, and numerous other rock musicians in the high-profile all-star concert The Last Waltz, the final performance by The Band. Neil Young_sentence_165

The release of Martin Scorsese's movie of the concert was delayed while Scorsese unwillingly re-edited it to obscure the lump of cocaine that was clearly visible hanging from Young's nose during his performance of "Helpless". Neil Young_sentence_166

American Stars 'n Bars (June 13, 1977) contained two songs originally recorded for the Homegrown album, "Homegrown" and "Star of Bethlehem", as well as newer material, including the future concert staple "Like a Hurricane". Neil Young_sentence_167

Performers on the record included Linda Ronstadt, Emmylou Harris and Young protégé Nicolette Larson along with Crazy Horse. Neil Young_sentence_168

In 1977, Young also released the compilation Decade, a personally selected set of songs spanning every aspect of his work, including a handful of previously unreleased songs. Neil Young_sentence_169

The record included less commercial album tracks alongside radio hits. Neil Young_sentence_170

Comes a Time (October 2, 1978), Young's first entirely new solo recording since the mid-1970s, also featured Larson and Crazy Horse. Neil Young_sentence_171

The album became Young's most commercially accessible album in quite some time and marked a return to his folk roots, including a cover of Ian Tyson's "Four Strong Winds", a song Young associated with his childhood in Canada. Neil Young_sentence_172

Another of the album's songs, "Lotta Love", was also recorded by Larson, with her version reaching number 8 on the Billboard Hot 100 in February 1979. Neil Young_sentence_173

In 1978, much of the filming was done for Young's film Human Highway, which took its name from a song featured on Comes a Time. Neil Young_sentence_174

Over four years, Young would spend $3,000,000 of his own money on production (US$11,759,694 in 2019 dollars). Neil Young_sentence_175

This also marked the beginning of his brief collaboration with the post-punk band Devo, whose members appeared in the film. Neil Young_sentence_176

Young set out in 1978 on the lengthy "Rust Never Sleeps" tour, in which he played a wealth of new material. Neil Young_sentence_177

Each concert was divided into a solo acoustic set and an electric set with Crazy Horse. Neil Young_sentence_178

The electric sets, featuring an abrasive style of playing, were influenced by the punk rock zeitgeist of the late 1970s and, provided a stark contrast from Young's previous, folk-inspired album Comes a Time. Neil Young_sentence_179

Two new songs, the acoustic "My My, Hey Hey (Out of the Blue)" and electric "Hey Hey, My My (Into the Black)" were the centerpiece of the new material. Neil Young_sentence_180

Young had collaborated with the art punk band Devo on a cacophonous version of Hey Hey, My My at the Different Fur studio in San Francisco and, would later introduce the song to Crazy Horse. Neil Young_sentence_181

The lyrics, "It's better to burn out than to fade away." Neil Young_sentence_182

were widely quoted by his peers and by critics. Neil Young_sentence_183

The album has also widely been considered a precursor of grunge music and many grunge artists have said they were inspired by Young's distorted guitars on the B side to this album. Neil Young_sentence_184

Young also compared the rise of Johnny Rotten with that of the recently deceased "King" Elvis Presley, who himself had once been disparaged as a dangerous influence only to later become an icon. Neil Young_sentence_185

Rotten returned the favour by playing one of Young's songs, "Revolution Blues" from On the Beach, on a London radio show, an early sign of Young's eventual embrace by a number of punk-influenced alternative musicians. Neil Young_sentence_186

Young's two accompanying albums Rust Never Sleeps (July 2, 1979; new material, culled from live recordings, but featuring studio overdubs) and Live Rust (November 19, 1979) (a mixture of old and new, and a genuine concert recording) captured the two sides of the concerts, with solo acoustic songs on side A, and fierce, uptempo, electric songs on side B. Neil Young_sentence_187

A movie version of the concerts, also called Rust Never Sleeps (1979), was directed by Young under the pseudonym "Bernard Shakey". Neil Young_sentence_188

Young worked with rock artist Jim Evans to create the poster art for the film, using the Star Wars Jawas as a theme. Neil Young_sentence_189

Young's work since Harvest (1972) had alternated between being rejected by mass audiences and being seen as backward-looking by critics, sometimes both at once, and now he was suddenly viewed as relevant by a new generation, who began to discover his earlier work. Neil Young_sentence_190

Readers and critics of Rolling Stone voted him Artist of the Year for 1979 (along with The Who), selected Rust Never Sleeps as Album of the Year, and voted him Male Vocalist of the Year as well. Neil Young_sentence_191

The Village Voice named Rust Never Sleeps as the year's winner in the Pazz & Jop Poll, a survey of nationwide critics, and honored Young as the Artist of the Decade. Neil Young_sentence_192

The Warner Music Vision release on VHS of Rust Never Sleeps in 1987 had a running time of 116 minutes, and although fully manufactured in Germany, was initially imported from there by the markets throughout Europe. Neil Young_sentence_193

Experimental years (1980–1988) Neil Young_section_9

At the start of the decade, distracted by medical concerns relating to the cerebral palsy of his son, Ben, Young had little time to spend on writing and recording. Neil Young_sentence_194

After providing the incidental music to a 1980 biographical film of Hunter S. Thompson entitled Where the Buffalo Roam, Young released Hawks & Doves (November 3, 1980), a short record pieced together from sessions going back to 1974. Neil Young_sentence_195

1981's Re·ac·tor, an electric album recorded with Crazy Horse, also included material from the 1970s. Neil Young_sentence_196

Young did not tour in support of either album; in total, he played only one show, a set at the 1980 Bread and Roses Festival in Berkeley, between the end of his 1978 tour with Crazy Horse and the start of his tour with the Trans Band in mid-1982. Neil Young_sentence_197

The 1982 album Trans, which incorporated vocoders, synthesizers, and electronic beats, was Young's first for the new label Geffen Records (distributed at the time by Warner Bros. Records, whose parent Warner Music Group owns most of Young's solo and band catalogue) and represented a distinct stylistic departure. Neil Young_sentence_198

Young later revealed that an inspiration for the album was the theme of technology and communication with his son Ben, who has severe cerebral palsy and cannot speak. Neil Young_sentence_199

An extensive tour preceded the release of the album, and was documented by the video Neil Young in Berlin, which saw release in 1986. Neil Young_sentence_200

MTV played the video for "Sample and Hold" in light rotation. Neil Young_sentence_201

The entire song contained "robot vocals" by Young and Nils Lofgren. Neil Young_sentence_202

The song "After Berlin" as seen in that video, was the only time Neil Young has ever performed the song. Neil Young_sentence_203

Young's next album, 1983's Everybody's Rockin', included several rockabilly covers and clocked in at less than twenty-five minutes in length. Neil Young_sentence_204

Young was backed by the Shocking Pinks for the supporting US tour. Neil Young_sentence_205

Trans (1982) had already drawn the ire of label head David Geffen for its lack of commercial appeal, and with Everybody's Rockin' following only seven months later, Geffen Records sued Young for making music "unrepresentative" of himself. Neil Young_sentence_206

The album was also notable as the first for which Young made commercial music videos – Tim Pope directed the videos for "Wonderin'" and "Cry, Cry, Cry". Neil Young_sentence_207

Also premiered in 1983, though little seen, was Human Highway. Neil Young_sentence_208

Co-directed and co-written by Young, the long-gestating eclectic comedy starred Young, Dean Stockwell, Russ Tamblyn, Dennis Hopper, David Blue, Sally Kirkland, Charlotte Stewart and members of Devo. Neil Young_sentence_209

The first year without a Neil Young album since the start of Young's musical career with Buffalo Springfield in 1966 was in 1984. Neil Young_sentence_210

Young's lack of productivity was largely due to the ongoing legal battle with Geffen, although he was also frustrated that the label had rejected his 1982 country album Old Ways. Neil Young_sentence_211

It was also the year when Young's third child was born, a girl named Amber Jean. Neil Young_sentence_212

Later diagnosed with inherited epilepsy, Amber Jean was Neil and Pegi's second child together. Neil Young_sentence_213

Young spent most of 1984 and all of 1985 touring for Old Ways (August 12, 1985) with his country band, the International Harvesters. Neil Young_sentence_214

The album was finally released in an altered form midway through 1985. Neil Young_sentence_215

Young also appeared at that year's Live Aid concert in Philadelphia, collaborating with Crosby, Stills and Nash for the quartet's first performance for a paying audience in over ten years. Neil Young_sentence_216

Young's last two albums for Geffen were more conventional in the genre, although they incorporated production techniques like synthesizers and echoing drums that were previously uncommon in Young's music. Neil Young_sentence_217

Young recorded 1986's Landing on Water without Crazy Horse but reunited with the band for the subsequent year-long tour and final Geffen album, Life, which emerged in 1987. Neil Young_sentence_218

Young's album sales dwindled steadily throughout the eighties; today Life remains his all-time-least successful studio album, with an estimated four hundred thousand sales worldwide. Neil Young_sentence_219

Switching back to his old label Reprise Records, Young continued to tour relentlessly, assembling a new blues band called The Bluenotes in mid-1987 (a legal dispute with musician Harold Melvin forced the eventual rechristening of the band as Ten Men Working midway through the tour). Neil Young_sentence_220

The addition of a brass section provided a new jazzier sound, and the title track of 1988's This Note's For You became Young's first hit single of the decade. Neil Young_sentence_221

Accompanied by a video that parodied corporate rock, the pretensions of advertising, and Michael Jackson, the song was initially unofficially banned by MTV for mentioning the brand names of some of their sponsors. Neil Young_sentence_222

Young wrote an open letter, "What does the M in MTV stand for: music or money?" Neil Young_sentence_223

Despite this, the video was eventually named best video of the year by the network in 1989. Neil Young_sentence_224

By comparison, the major music cable network of Young's home nation, Muchmusic, ran the video immediately. Neil Young_sentence_225

Young reunited with Crosby, Stills, and Nash to record the 1988 album American Dream and play two benefit concerts late in the year, but the group did not embark upon a full tour. Neil Young_sentence_226

The album was only the second-ever studio record for the quartet. Neil Young_sentence_227

Return to prominence (1989–1999) Neil Young_section_10

Young's 1989 single "Rockin' in the Free World", which hit No. Neil Young_sentence_228

2 on the US mainstream-rock charts, and accompanying the album, Freedom, rocketed him back into the popular consciousness after a decade of sometimes-difficult genre experiments. Neil Young_sentence_229

The album's lyrics were often overtly political; "Rockin' in the Free World" deals with homelessness, terrorism, and environmental degradation, implicitly criticizing the government policies of President George H.W. Neil Young_sentence_230 Bush. Neil Young_sentence_231

The use of heavy feedback and distortion on several Freedom tracks was reminiscent of the Rust Never Sleeps (1979) album and foreshadowed the imminent rise of grunge. Neil Young_sentence_232

The rising stars of the genre, including Nirvana's Kurt Cobain and Pearl Jam's Eddie Vedder, frequently cited Young as a major influence, contributing to his popular revival. Neil Young_sentence_233

A tribute album called The Bridge: A Tribute to Neil Young was released in 1989, featuring covers by alternative and grunge acts including Sonic Youth, Nick Cave, Soul Asylum, Dinosaur Jr, and the Pixies. Neil Young_sentence_234

Young's 1990 album Ragged Glory, recorded with Crazy Horse in a barn on his Northern California ranch, continued this distortion-heavy esthetic. Neil Young_sentence_235

Young toured for the album with Orange County, California country-punk band Social Distortion and alternative rock pioneers Sonic Youth as support, much to the consternation of many of his old fans. Neil Young_sentence_236

Weld, a two-disc live album documenting the tour, was released in 1991. Neil Young_sentence_237

Sonic Youth's influence was most evident on Arc, a 35-minute collage of feedback and distortion spliced together at the suggestion of Sonic Youth's Thurston Moore and originally packaged with some versions of Weld. Neil Young_sentence_238

1992's Harvest Moon marked an abrupt return to the country and folk-rock stylings of Harvest (1972) and reunited him with some of the musicians from that album, including singers Linda Ronstadt and James Taylor. Neil Young_sentence_239

The title track was a minor hit, and the record was well received by critics, winning the Juno Award for Album of the Year in 1994. Neil Young_sentence_240

Young also contributed to Randy Bachman's nostalgic 1992 tune "Prairie Town", and garnered a 1993 Academy Award nomination for his song "Philadelphia", from the soundtrack of the Jonathan Demme movie of the same name. Neil Young_sentence_241

An MTV Unplugged performance and album emerged in 1993. Neil Young_sentence_242

Later that year, Young collaborated with Booker T. and the M.G.s for a summer tour of Europe and North America, with Blues Traveler, Soundgarden, and Pearl Jam also on the bill. Neil Young_sentence_243

Some European shows ended with a rendition of "Rockin' in the Free World" played with Pearl Jam, foreshadowing their eventual full-scale collaboration two years later. Neil Young_sentence_244

In 1994 Young again collaborated with Crazy Horse for Sleeps with Angels, a record whose dark, somber mood was influenced by Kurt Cobain's death earlier that year: the title track in particular dealt with Cobain's life and death, without mentioning him by name. Neil Young_sentence_245

Cobain had quoted Young's lyric "It's better to burn out than fade away" (a line from "My My, Hey Hey") in his suicide note. Neil Young_sentence_246

Young had reportedly made repeated attempts to contact Cobain prior to his death. Neil Young_sentence_247

Young and Pearl Jam performed "Act of Love" at an abortion rights benefit along with Crazy Horse, and were present at a Rock and Roll Hall of Fame dinner, sparking interest in a collaboration between the two. Neil Young_sentence_248

Still enamored with the grunge scene, Young reconnected with Pearl Jam in 1995 for the live-in-the-studio album Mirror Ball and a tour of Europe with the band and producer Brendan O'Brien backing Young. Neil Young_sentence_249

1995 also marked Young's induction into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, where he was inducted by Eddie Vedder. Neil Young_sentence_250

In 1995, Young and his manager Elliot Roberts founded a record label, Vapor Records. Neil Young_sentence_251

It has released recordings by Tegan and Sara, Spoon, Jonathan Richman, Vic Chesnutt, Everest, Pegi Young, Jets Overhead, and Young himself, among others. Neil Young_sentence_252

Young's next collaborative partner was filmmaker Jim Jarmusch, who asked Young to compose a soundtrack to his 1995 black-and-white western film Dead Man. Neil Young_sentence_253

Young's instrumental soundtrack was improvised while he watched the film alone in a studio. Neil Young_sentence_254

The death of longtime mentor, friend, and producer David Briggs in late 1995 prompted Young to reconnect with Crazy Horse the following year for the album and tour Broken Arrow. Neil Young_sentence_255

A Jarmusch-directed concert film and live album of the tour, Year of the Horse, emerged in 1997. Neil Young_sentence_256

From 1996 to 1997 Young and Crazy Horse toured extensively throughout Europe and North America, including a stint as part of the H.O.R.D.E. Neil Young_sentence_257

Festival's sixth annual tour. Neil Young_sentence_258

In 1998, Young renewed his collaboration with the rock band Phish, sharing the stage at the annual Farm Aid concert and then at Young's Bridge School Benefit, where he joined headliners Phish for renditions of "Helpless" and "I Shall Be Released". Neil Young_sentence_259

Phish declined Young's later invitation to be his backing band on his 1999 North American tour. Neil Young_sentence_260

The decade ended with the release in late 1999 of Looking Forward, another reunion with Crosby, Stills, and Nash. Neil Young_sentence_261

The subsequent tour of the United States and Canada with the reformed super quartet earned US$42.1 million, making it the eighth largest grossing tour of 2000. Neil Young_sentence_262

Continued activism and brush with death (2000s) Neil Young_section_11

Neil Young continued to release new material at a rapid pace through the first decade of the new millennium. Neil Young_sentence_263

The studio album Silver & Gold and live album Road Rock Vol. 1 were released in 2000 and were both accompanied by live concert films. Neil Young_sentence_264

His 2001 single "Let's Roll" was a tribute to the victims of the September 11 attacks, and the effective action taken by the passengers and crew on Flight 93 in particular. Neil Young_sentence_265

At the "America: A Tribute to Heroes" benefit concert for the victims of the attacks, Young performed John Lennon's "Imagine" and accompanied Eddie Vedder and Mike McCready on "Long Road", a Pearl Jam song that was written with Young during the Mirrorball sessions. Neil Young_sentence_266

"Let's Roll" was included on 2002's Are You Passionate? Neil Young_sentence_267 , an album mostly composed of mellow love songs dedicated to Young's wife, Pegi, backed by Booker T. & the M.G.s. Neil Young_sentence_268

In 2003, Young released Greendale, a concept album recorded with Crazy Horse members Billy Talbot and Ralph Molina. Neil Young_sentence_269

The songs loosely revolved around the murder of a police officer in a small town in California and its effects on the town's inhabitants. Neil Young_sentence_270

Under the pseudonym "Bernard Shakey", Young directed an accompanying film of the same name, featuring actors lip-synching to the music from the album. Neil Young_sentence_271

He toured extensively with the Greendale material throughout 2003 and 2004, first with a solo, acoustic version in Europe, then with a full-cast stage show in North America, Japan, and Australia. Neil Young_sentence_272

Young began using biodiesel on the 2004 Greendale tour, powering his trucks and tour buses with the fuel. Neil Young_sentence_273

"Our Greendale tour is now ozone friendly", he said. Neil Young_sentence_274

"I plan to continue to use this government approved and regulated fuel exclusively from now on to prove that it is possible to deliver the goods anywhere in North America without using foreign oil, while being environmentally responsible." Neil Young_sentence_275

Young spent the latter portion of 2004 giving a series of intimate acoustic concerts in various cities with his wife, who is a trained vocalist and guitar player. Neil Young_sentence_276

In March 2005, while working on the Prairie Wind album in Nashville, Young was diagnosed with a brain aneurysm. Neil Young_sentence_277

He was treated successfully with a minimally invasive neuroradiological procedure, performed in a New York hospital on March 29, but two days afterwards he passed out on a New York street from bleeding from the femoral artery, which radiologists had used to access the aneurysm. Neil Young_sentence_278

The complication forced Young to cancel his scheduled appearance at the Juno Awards telecast in Winnipeg, but within months he was back on stage, appearing at the close of the Live 8 concert in Barrie, Ontario, on July 2. Neil Young_sentence_279

During the performance, he debuted a new song, a soft hymn called "When God Made Me". Neil Young_sentence_280

Young's brush with death influenced Prairie Wind's themes of retrospection and mortality. Neil Young_sentence_281

The album's live premiere in Nashville was recorded by filmmaker Jonathan Demme in the 2006 film Neil Young: Heart of Gold. Neil Young_sentence_282

Young's renewed activism manifested itself in the 2006 album Living with War, which like the much earlier song "Ohio", was recorded and released in less than a month as a direct result of current events. Neil Young_sentence_283

In early 2006, three years after the U.S. invasion of Iraq, the sectarian war and casualties there were escalating. Neil Young_sentence_284

While doing errands on a visit to his daughter, Young had seen a newspaper photo of wounded U.S. veterans on a transport plane to Germany, and noticing that the same paper devoted little actual coverage to the story, he was unable to get the image out of his head, realizing the suffering caused to families by the war had not truly registered to him and most Americans who were not directly affected by it. Neil Young_sentence_285

Young cried, and immediately got his guitar out and began to write multiple songs at once. Neil Young_sentence_286

Within a few days he had completed work and assembled a band. Neil Young_sentence_287

He later said he had restrained himself for a long time from writing any protest songs, waiting for someone younger, with a different perspective, but no one seemed to be saying anything. Neil Young_sentence_288

Most of the album's songs rebuked the Bush administration's policy of war by examining its human costs to soldiers, their loved ones, and civilians, but Young also included a few songs on other themes, and an outright protest titled, "Let's Impeach the President", in which he stated that Bush had lied to lead the country into war. Neil Young_sentence_289

Young's lyrics in another song named Illinois Senator Barack Obama, who had not declared any intention to run for president at the time and was widely unexpected to be able to win either the Democratic Party nomination or a general election, as potentially a replacement for Bush. Neil Young_sentence_290

That summer, Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young reunited for the supporting "Freedom of Speech Tour '06", in which they played Young's new protest songs alongside the group's older material, meeting with both enthusiasm and anger from different fans, some of whom were supportive of Bush politically. Neil Young_sentence_291

CSNY Déjà Vu, a concert film of the tour directed by Young himself, was released in 2008, along with an accompanying live album. Neil Young_sentence_292

While Young had never been a stranger to eco-friendly lyrics, themes of environmentalist spirituality and activism became increasingly prominent in his work throughout the 1990s and 2000s, especially on Greendale (2003) and Living with War (2006). Neil Young_sentence_293

The trend continued on 2007's Chrome Dreams II, with lyrics exploring Young's personal eco-spirituality. Neil Young_sentence_294

Also in 2007, Young accepted an invitation to participate in Goin' Home: A Tribute to Fats Domino, contributing his version of "Walking to New Orleans". Neil Young_sentence_295

Young remains on the board of directors of Farm Aid, an organization he co-founded with Willie Nelson and John Mellencamp in 1985. Neil Young_sentence_296

According to its website, it is the longest running concert benefit series in the U.S. and it has raised $43 million since its first benefit concert in 1985. Neil Young_sentence_297

Each year, Young co-hosts and performs with well-known guest performers who include Dave Matthews and producers who include Evelyn Shriver and Mark Rothbaum, at the Farm Aid annual benefit concerts to raise funds and provide grants to family farms and prevent foreclosures, provide a crisis hotline, and create and promote home grown farm food in the United States. Neil Young_sentence_298

In 2008, Young revealed his latest project, the production of a hybrid-engine 1959 Lincoln called LincVolt. Neil Young_sentence_299

A new album loosely based on the Lincvolt project, Fork in the Road, was released on April 7, 2009. Neil Young_sentence_300

The album, partly composed of love songs to the car, also commented on the economic crisis, with one narrator attacking the Wall Street bailouts enacted in late 2008. Neil Young_sentence_301

Unfortunately, the car caught fire in November 2010, in a California warehouse, and along the way it burned an estimated US$850,000 worth of Young's rock and roll memorabilia collection. Neil Young_sentence_302

Initial reports suggest the fire might have been triggered by an error in the vehicle's plug-in charging system. Neil Young_sentence_303

Young blamed the fire on human error and said he and his team were committed to rebuilding the car. Neil Young_sentence_304

"The wall charging system was not completely tested and had never been left unattended. Neil Young_sentence_305

A mistake was made. Neil Young_sentence_306

It was not the fault of the car", he said. Neil Young_sentence_307

A Jonathan Demme concert film from a 2007 concert at the Tower Theater in Upper Darby, Pennsylvania, called the Neil Young Trunk Show premiered on March 21, 2009, at the South by Southwest (SXSW) Film Conference and Festival in Austin, Texas. Neil Young_sentence_308

It was featured at the Cannes Film Festival on May 17, 2009 and was released in the U.S. on March 19, 2010 to critical acclaim. Neil Young_sentence_309

Young guested on the album Potato Hole, released on April 21, 2009 by Memphis organ player Booker T. Jones, of Booker T. & the MGs fame. Neil Young_sentence_310

Young plays guitar on nine of the album's ten instrumental tracks, alongside Drive-By Truckers, who already had three guitar players, giving some songs on the album a total of five guitar tracks. Neil Young_sentence_311

Jones contributed guitars on a couple of tracks. Neil Young_sentence_312

In 2009, Young headlined the New Orleans Jazz and Heritage Festival, and Glastonbury Festival in Pilton, England, at Hard Rock Calling in London (where he was joined onstage by Paul McCartney for a rendition of "A Day in the Life") and, after years of unsuccessful booking attempts, the Isle of Wight Festival in addition to performances at the Big Day Out festival in New Zealand and Australia and the Primavera Sound Festival in Barcelona. Neil Young_sentence_313

Young has been a vocal opponent of the proposed Keystone XL oil pipeline, which would run from Alberta to Texas. Neil Young_sentence_314

When discussing the environmental impact on the oilsands of Fort McMurray, Alberta, Young asserted that the area now resembles the Japanese city of Hiroshima in the aftermath of the atomic bomb attack of World War II. Neil Young_sentence_315

Young has referred to issues surrounding the proposed use of oil pipelines as "scabs on our lives". Neil Young_sentence_316

In an effort to become more involved, Young has worked directly with the Athabasca Chipewyan First Nation to draw attention to this issue, performing benefit concerts and speaking publicly on the subject. Neil Young_sentence_317

In 2014, he played four shows in Canada dedicated to the Honor the Treaties movement, raising money for the Athabasca Chipewyan legal defence fund. Neil Young_sentence_318

In 2015, he and Willie Nelson held a festival in Neligh, Nebraska, called Harvest the Hope, raising awareness of the impact of tar sands and oil pipelines on Native Americans and family farmers. Neil Young_sentence_319

Both received honours from leaders of the Rosebud, Oglala Lakota, Ponca and Omaha nations, and were invested with sacred buffalo robes. Neil Young_sentence_320

Young participated in the Blue Dot Tour, which was organized and fronted by environmental activist David Suzuki, and toured all 10 Canadian provinces alongside other Canadian artists including the Barenaked Ladies, Feist, and Robert Bateman. Neil Young_sentence_321

The intent of Young's participation in this tour was to raise awareness of the environmental damage caused by the exploitation of tar sands. Neil Young_sentence_322

Young has argued that the amount of CO2 released as a byproduct of tar-sand oil extraction is equivalent to the amount released by the total number of cars in Canada each day. Neil Young_sentence_323

Young has faced criticism by representatives from within the Canadian petroleum industry, who have argued that his statements are irresponsible. Neil Young_sentence_324

Young's opposition to the construction of oil pipelines has influenced his music as well. Neil Young_sentence_325

His song, "Who's Going to Stand Up?" Neil Young_sentence_326

was written to protest this issue, and features the lyric "Ban fossil fuel and draw the line / Before we build one more pipeline". Neil Young_sentence_327

In addition to directly criticizing members of the oil industry, Young has also focused blame on the actions of the Canadian government for ignoring the environmental impacts of climate change. Neil Young_sentence_328

He referred to Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper as "an embarrassment to many Canadians ...[and] a very poor imitation of the George Bush administration in the United States". Neil Young_sentence_329

Young has also been critical of Barack Obama's government for failing to uphold the promises made regarding environmental policies during his election campaign. Neil Young_sentence_330

Young recorded "A Rock Star Bucks a Coffee Shop" in response to Starbucks' possible involvement with Monsanto and use of genetically-modified food. Neil Young_sentence_331

The song was included on his concept album called The Monsanto Years. Neil Young_sentence_332

Recent years (2010s and beyond) Neil Young_section_12

On January 22, 2010, Young performed "Long May You Run" on the final episode of The Tonight Show with Conan O'Brien. Neil Young_sentence_333

On the same night, he and Dave Matthews performed the Hank Williams song "Alone and Forsaken", for the Hope for Haiti Now: A Global Benefit for Earthquake Relief charity telethon, in response to the 2010 Haiti earthquake. Neil Young_sentence_334

Young also performed "Long May You Run" at the closing ceremony of the 2010 Olympic winter games in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. Neil Young_sentence_335

In May 2010, it was revealed Young had begun working on a new studio album produced by Daniel Lanois. Neil Young_sentence_336

This was announced by David Crosby, who said that the album "will be a very heartfelt record. Neil Young_sentence_337

I expect it will be a very special record." Neil Young_sentence_338

On May 18, 2010, Young embarked upon a North American solo tour to promote his then upcoming album, Le Noise, playing a mix of older songs and new material. Neil Young_sentence_339

Although billed as a solo acoustic tour, Young also played some songs on electric guitars, including Old Black. Neil Young_sentence_340

Young continued his Twisted Road tour with a short East Coast venture during spring 2011. Neil Young_sentence_341

Young also contributed vocals to the Elton JohnLeon Russell album The Union, singing the second stanza on the track "Gone to Shiloh" and providing backing vocals. Neil Young_sentence_342

In September 2011, Jonathan Demme's third documentary film on the singer songwriter, Neil Young Journeys, premiered at the Toronto International Film Festival. Neil Young_sentence_343

Like Demme's earlier work with Young, most of the film consists of a simply filmed live performance, in this case, Young's homecoming show in May 2011 at Toronto's Massey Hall, four decades after he first played at the iconic venue. Neil Young_sentence_344

Playing old songs, as well as new ones from Le Noise, Young performs solo on both electric and acoustic instruments. Neil Young_sentence_345

His performance is a counterpoint to Demme's footage of Young's return to Omemee, Ontario, the small town near Toronto where he grew up, which has now become physically unrecognizable, though he vividly recalls events from his childhood there. Neil Young_sentence_346

On January 22, 2012, the Master Class at the Slamdance Festival featured Coffee with Neil Young & Jonathan Demme discussing their film Neil Young Journeys. Neil Young_sentence_347

Young said that he had been recording with Crazy Horse, completing one album and working on another. Neil Young_sentence_348

Neil Young and Crazy Horse performed a version of the Beatles' "I Saw Her Standing There" for Paul McCartney's MusiCares Person of the Year dinner on February 10, 2012, in Hollywood. Neil Young_sentence_349

Neil Young with Crazy Horse released the album Americana on June 5, 2012. Neil Young_sentence_350

It was Young's first collaboration with Crazy Horse since the Greendale album and tour in 2003 and 2004. Neil Young_sentence_351

The record is a tribute to unofficial national anthems that jumps from an uncensored version of "This Land Is Your Land" to "Clementine" and includes a version of "God Save the Queen", which Young grew up singing every day in school in Canada. Neil Young_sentence_352

Americana is Neil Young's first album composed entirely of cover songs. Neil Young_sentence_353

On June 5, 2012, American Songwriter also reported that Neil Young & Crazy Horse would be launching their first tour in eight years in support of the album. Neil Young_sentence_354

In 2012, Young toured with Crazy Horse prior to the release of their second album of 2012, Psychedelic Pill, which was released in late October. Neil Young_sentence_355

On August 25, 2012, Young was mistakenly reported dead by, the day when astronaut Neil Armstrong died. Neil Young_sentence_356

On September 25, 2012, Young's autobiography Waging Heavy Peace: A Hippie Dream was released to critical and commercial acclaim. Neil Young_sentence_357

Reviewing the book for the New York Times, Janet Maslin reported that Young chose to write his memoirs in 2012 for two reasons. Neil Young_sentence_358

For one, he needed to take a break from stage performances for health reasons but continue to generate income. Neil Young_sentence_359

For another, he feared the onset of dementia, considering his father's medical history and his own present condition. Neil Young_sentence_360

Maslin gives the book a higher than average grade, describing it as frank but quirky and without pathos as it delves into his relationships and his experience in parenting a child with disabilities as well as his artistic and commercial activities and associations. Neil Young_sentence_361

In November 2013, Young performed at the annual fundraiser for the Silverlake Conservatory of Music. Neil Young_sentence_362

Following the Red Hot Chili Peppers, he played an acoustic set to a crowd who had paid a minimum of $2,000 a seat to attend the benefit in the famous Paramour Mansion overlooking downtown Los Angeles. Neil Young_sentence_363

The album A Letter Home was released on April 19, 2014, through Jack White's record label, and his second memoir, entitled Special Deluxe, was tentatively scheduled for a late 2014 release. Neil Young_sentence_364

He appeared with Jack White on The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon on May 12, 2014. Neil Young_sentence_365

The 2014 debut solo album by Chrissie Hynde, entitled Stockholm, featured Young on guitar on the track "Down the Wrong Way". Neil Young_sentence_366

Young released his thirty-fifth studio album, Storytone on November 4, 2014. Neil Young_sentence_367

The first song released from the album, "Who's Gonna Stand Up? Neil Young_sentence_368

", was released in three different versions on September 25, 2014. Neil Young_sentence_369

Storytone was followed in 2015 by his concept album The Monsanto Years. Neil Young_sentence_370

The Monsanto Years is an album themed both in support of sustainable farming, and to protest the biotechnology company Monsanto. Neil Young_sentence_371

Young achieves this protest in a series of lyrical sentiments against genetically modified food production. Neil Young_sentence_372

He created this album in collaboration with Willie Nelson's sons, Lukas and Micah, and is also backed by Lukas's fellow band members from Promise of the Real. Neil Young_sentence_373

Additionally, Young released a film in tandem to the album, (also entitled "The Monsanto Years"), that documents the album's recording, and can be streamed online. Neil Young_sentence_374

In August 2019, The Guardian reported Young, among other environmental activists, was being spied on by the firm. Neil Young_sentence_375

In summer 2015, Young undertook a North America tour titled the Rebel Content Tour. Neil Young_sentence_376

The tour began on July 5, 2015 at the Summerfest in Milwaukee, Wisconsin and ended on July 24, 2015 at the Wayhome Festival in Oro-Medonte, Ontario. Neil Young_sentence_377

Lukas Nelson & Promise of the Real were special guests for the tour. Neil Young_sentence_378

After a show on September 19, 2015 in Chicago, Illinois, the tour started over on October 1, 2015 in Missoula, Montana and ended on October 25, 2015 in Mountain View, California. Neil Young_sentence_379

In October 2016, Young performed at Desert Trip in Indio, California, and announced his thirty-seventh studio album, Peace Trail, recorded with drummer Jim Keltner and bass guitarist Paul Bushnell, which was released that December. Neil Young_sentence_380

On September 8, 2017, Young released Hitchhiker, a studio LP recorded on August 11, 1976 at Indigo Studios in Malibu. Neil Young_sentence_381

The album features ten songs that Young recorded accompanied by acoustic guitar or piano. Neil Young_sentence_382

While different versions of most of the songs have been previously released, the new album will include two never-before-released songs: "Hawaii" and "Give Me Strength", which Young has occasionally performed live. Neil Young_sentence_383

On July 4, 2017, Young released the song "Children of Destiny" which would appear on his next album. Neil Young_sentence_384

On November 3, 2017, Young released "Already Great" a song from The Visitor, an album he recorded with Promise of the Real and released on December 1, 2017. Neil Young_sentence_385

On December 1, 2017, Young performed live in Omemee, Ontario, Canada, a town he had lived in as a boy. Neil Young_sentence_386

On March 23, 2018, Young released a soundtrack album for the Daryl Hannah film Paradox. Neil Young_sentence_387

The album is labeled as "Special Release Series, Volume 10." Neil Young_sentence_388

On Record Store Day, April 21, 2018, Warner Records released a two-vinyl LP special edition of Roxy: Tonight's the Night Live, a double live album of a show that Young performed in September 1973 at the Roxy in West Hollywood, with the Santa Monica Flyers. Neil Young_sentence_389

The album is labeled as "Volume 05" in Young's Performance Series. Neil Young_sentence_390

On October 19, 2018, Young released a live version of his song "Campaigner", an excerpt from a forthcoming archival live album titled Songs for Judy, which features solo performances recorded during a November 1976 tour with Crazy Horse. Neil Young_sentence_391

It will be the first release from his new label Shakey Pictures Records. Neil Young_sentence_392

In November 2018, shortly after his home had been destroyed by the California wildfire, Young criticised President Donald Trump's stance on climate change. Neil Young_sentence_393

In December 2018, Young criticised the promoters of a London show for selecting Barclays Bank as a sponsor. Neil Young_sentence_394

Young objected to the bank's association with fossil fuels. Neil Young_sentence_395

Young explained that he was trying to rectify the situation by finding a different sponsor. Neil Young_sentence_396

Young revived Crazy Horse for a series of low-profile theater gigs beginning May 1, 2018 in Fresno, California. Neil Young_sentence_397

In April 2019, the band began recording "at least 11 new songs, all written recently" for a new album titled Colorado. Neil Young_sentence_398

On June 25, 2019, The New York Times Magazine listed Neil Young among hundreds of artists whose material was reportedly destroyed in the 2008 Universal fire. Neil Young_sentence_399

On August 19, 2019, Neil Young and Crazy Horse announced the forthcoming release later in August 2019 of the new song "Rainbow of Colors", the first single from the forthcoming 10-track studio LP Colorado, Young's first new record with the band in seven years, since 2012's Psychedelic Pill. Neil Young_sentence_400

Young, multi-instrumentalist Nils Lofgren, bassist Billy Talbot and drummer Ralph Molina recorded the new album with Neil's co-producer, John Hanlon, in spring 2019. Neil Young_sentence_401

The 10 new songs are ranging from around 3 minutes to over 13 minutes. Neil Young_sentence_402

Colorado is due to be released in October 2019 on Reprise Records. Neil Young_sentence_403

On August 30, 2019, Young unveiled "Milky Way", the first song from Colorado, a love ballad Young had performed several times at concerts over the past few months – both solo acoustic and with Promise of the Real. Neil Young_sentence_404

In February 2020, Young wrote an "open letter" to President Donald Trump: ‘You Are a Disgrace to My Country’. Neil Young_sentence_405

In April 2020, He announced that he was working on a new archival album titled Road of Plenty, which will consist of music made with Crazy Horse during a 1986 US tour and tracks recorded in 1989 while rehearsing for their Saturday Night Live appearance. Neil Young_sentence_406

On May 7, 2020, it was announced that Neil Young would release on June 19, 2020 his 1975 long lost unreleased album Homegrown, a long-awaited album he described as "the missing link between Harvest, Comes A Time, Old Ways and Harvest Moon". Neil Young_sentence_407

The original release date of April 17 had to be delayed due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Neil Young_sentence_408

On August 4, 2020, Young filed a copyright infringement lawsuit against the Trump campaign for the use of Young's music at Trump's campaign rallies. Neil Young_sentence_409

On August 14, 2020, Young announced that he would "soon" release a new EP entitled The Times. Neil Young_sentence_410

Young shared the news via his video for his new song "Lookin' for a Leader", stating: "I invite the President to play this song at his next rally. Neil Young_sentence_411

A song about the feelings many of us have about America today, it's part of The Times, an EP coming soon from Reprise Records—my home since 1968." Neil Young_sentence_412

December 2020, Rolling Stone Magazine releases a Special Edition marking Young's 75th birthday, called, "The Ultimate Guide to His Music & Legend", plus his 100 greatest songs. Neil Young_sentence_413

Archives project Neil Young_section_13

Main article: Neil Young Archives Neil Young_sentence_414

As far back as 1988, Young spoke in interviews of his efforts to compile his unreleased material and to remaster his existing catalogue. Neil Young_sentence_415

The collection was eventually titled the Neil Young Archives Series. Neil Young_sentence_416

The first installment, titled The Archives Vol. 1 1963–1972, was originally planned for a 2007 release but was delayed, and released on June 2, 2009. Neil Young_sentence_417

Three performances from the Performance Series of the archives were released individually before The Archives Vol. 1. Neil Young_sentence_418

Live at the Fillmore East, a selection of songs from a 1970 gig with Crazy Horse, was released in 2006. Neil Young_sentence_419

Live at Massey Hall 1971, a solo acoustic set from Toronto's Massey Hall, saw release in 2007. Neil Young_sentence_420

Sugar Mountain – Live at Canterbury House 1968, an early solo performance and, chronologically, the first disc in the performance series, emerged late in 2008. Neil Young_sentence_421

In an interview in 2008, Young discussed Toast, an album originally recorded with Crazy Horse in San Francisco in 2000 but never released. Neil Young_sentence_422

The album will be part of the Special Edition Series of the Archives. Neil Young_sentence_423

No release date currently exists for Toast. Neil Young_sentence_424

The album A Treasure, with live tracks from a 1984–85 tour with the International Harvesters, during a time when he was being sued by Geffen Records, was released in June 2011. Neil Young_sentence_425

On July 14, 2009, Young's first four solo albums were reissued as remastered HDCD discs and digital downloads as discs 1–4 of the Original Release Series of the Archives. Neil Young_sentence_426

As of 2019, Neil Young has launched a subscription website and application where all of his music is available to stream in high resolution audio. Neil Young_sentence_427

The Neil Young Archives also include his newspaper, The Times-Contrarian, The Hearse Theater, and photos and memorabilia throughout his career. Neil Young_sentence_428

Personal life Neil Young_section_14

Homes and residency Neil Young_section_15

Young was born in Toronto, Canada and lived there throughout his early life (1945, 1957 to 1960, 1966 to 1967), as well as Omemee (1945 to 1952), Pickering (1956) before settling in Winnipeg (1960–1966). Neil Young_sentence_429

Besides a brief stay in Florida in 1952, Young has been outside Canada since 1967. Neil Young_sentence_430

After becoming successful, he bought properties in California, United States. Neil Young_sentence_431

He currently holds dual citizenship for Canada and the United States. Neil Young_sentence_432

Young had a home in Malibu, California, which burned to the ground in the 2018 Woolsey Fire. Neil Young_sentence_433

Young owns Broken Arrow Ranch, a property of about 1,000 acres near La Honda, California, that he purchased in 1970 for US$350,000 (US$2,304,242 in 2019 dollars); the property was subsequently expanded to thousands of acres. Neil Young_sentence_434

Young announced in 2019 that his application for United States citizenship had been held up because of his use of marijuana, but the issue was resolved and he became a United States citizen. Neil Young_sentence_435

Relationships and family Neil Young_section_16

Young married his first wife, restaurant owner Susan Acevedo, in December 1968. Neil Young_sentence_436

They were together until October 1970, when she filed for divorce. Neil Young_sentence_437

From late 1970 to 1975, Young was in a relationship with actress Carrie Snodgress. Neil Young_sentence_438

The song "A Man Needs a Maid" from Harvest is inspired by his seeing her in the film Diary of a Mad Housewife. Neil Young_sentence_439

They met soon afterward and she moved in with him on his ranch in northern California. Neil Young_sentence_440

They have a son, Zeke, who was born September 8, 1972. Neil Young_sentence_441

He has been diagnosed with cerebral palsy. Neil Young_sentence_442

Young met future wife Pegi Young (née Morton) in 1974 when she was working as a waitress at a diner near his ranch, a story he tells in the 1992 song "Unknown Legend". Neil Young_sentence_443

They married in August 1978 and had two children together, Ben and Amber. Neil Young_sentence_444

Ben has been diagnosed with cerebral palsy, and Amber has been diagnosed with epilepsy. Neil Young_sentence_445

The couple were musical collaborators and co-founded the Bridge School in 1986. Neil Young_sentence_446

On July 29, 2014, Young filed for divorce after 36 years of marriage. Neil Young_sentence_447

Pegi died on January 1, 2019. Neil Young_sentence_448

Young has been in a relationship with actress and director Daryl Hannah since 2014. Neil Young_sentence_449

Young and Hannah were reported to have wed on August 25, 2018 in Atascadero, California. Neil Young_sentence_450

Young confirmed his marriage to Hannah in a video released on October 31, 2018. Neil Young_sentence_451

Young has been widely reported to be the godfather of actress Amber Tamblyn; in a 2009 interview with Parade, Tamblyn explained that "godfather" was "just a loose term" for Young, Dennis Hopper, and Dean Stockwell, three famous friends of her father, who were always around the house when she was growing up, and who were important influences on her life. Neil Young_sentence_452

Charity work Neil Young_section_17

Young is an environmentalist and outspoken advocate for the welfare of small farmers, having co-founded in 1985 the benefit concert Farm Aid. Neil Young_sentence_453

He worked on LincVolt, the conversion of his 1959 Lincoln Continental to hybrid electric technology as an environmentalist statement. Neil Young_sentence_454

In 1986, Young helped found The Bridge School, an educational organization for children with severe verbal and physical disabilities, and its annual supporting Bridge School Benefit concerts, together with his former wife Pegi Young. Neil Young_sentence_455

The last concerts were held in October 2016. Neil Young_sentence_456

On June 14, 2017, Neil and Pegi Young announced that the Bridge School Concerts would no longer continue. Neil Young_sentence_457

Young is a member of the Canadian charity Artists Against Racism. Neil Young_sentence_458

Business ventures Neil Young_section_18

Young was part owner of Lionel, LLC, a company that makes toy trains and model railroad accessories. Neil Young_sentence_459

In 2008 Lionel emerged from bankruptcy and his shares of the company were wiped out. Neil Young_sentence_460

He was instrumental in the design of the Lionel Legacy control system for model trains, and remains on the board of directors of Lionel. Neil Young_sentence_461

He has been named as co-inventor on seven US patents related to model trains. Neil Young_sentence_462

Young has long held that the digital audio formats in which most people download music are deeply flawed, and do not provide the rich, warm sound of analog recordings. Neil Young_sentence_463

He claims to be acutely aware of the difference, and compares it with taking a shower in tiny ice cubes versus ordinary water. Neil Young_sentence_464

Young and his company PonoMusic developed Pono, a music download service and dedicated music player focusing on "high-quality" uncompressed digital audio. Neil Young_sentence_465

It was designed to compete against MP3 and other formats. Neil Young_sentence_466

Pono promised to present songs "as they first sound during studio recording". Neil Young_sentence_467

The service and the sale of the player were launched in October 2014. Neil Young_sentence_468

In April 2017 it was announced that Pono was discontinued after the company that was running the store, Omnifone, was purchased by Apple in 2016 and almost immediately shut down. Neil Young_sentence_469

Alternative plans were later abandoned. Neil Young_sentence_470

Instruments Neil Young_section_19

Guitars Neil Young_section_20

In 2003, Rolling Stone listed Young as eighty-third in its ranking of "The 100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time" (although in a more recent version of the list, he has been moved up to seventeenth place), describing him as a "restless experimenter ... who transform[s] the most obvious music into something revelatory". Neil Young_sentence_471

Young is a collector of second-hand guitars, but in recording and performing, he uses frequently just a few instruments, as is explained by his longtime guitar technician Larry Cragg in the film Neil Young: Heart of Gold. Neil Young_sentence_472

They include: Neil Young_sentence_473

Neil Young_unordered_list_0

  • 1953 Gibson Les Paul Goldtop. Nicknamed "Old Black", this is Young's primary electric guitar and is featured on Rust Never Sleeps (1979) and other albums. Old Black got its name from an amateur paintjob applied to the originally gold body of the instrument, some time before Young acquired the guitar in the late 1960s. In 1972, a mini humbucker pick-up from a Gibson Firebird was installed in the lead/treble position. This pick-up, severely microphonic, is considered a crucial component of Young's sound. A Bigsby vibrato tailpiece was installed as early as 1969, and can be heard during the opening of "Cowgirl in the Sand" from Everybody Knows This Is Nowhere.Neil Young_item_0_0
  • Martin D-45. His primary steel-string acoustic guitar. It was one of four instruments bought by Stephen Stills for himself and his bandmates in CSNY to celebrate their first full concert at the Greek Theater in 1969.Neil Young_item_0_1
  • Martin D-28. Nicknamed "Hank" after its previous owner, Hank Williams. Hank Williams, Jr., had traded it for some shotguns; it went through a succession of other owners until it was located by Young's longtime friend Grant Boatwright. The guitar was purchased by Young from Tut Taylor. Young has toured with it for over 30 years. A story about the guitar and the song it inspired, "This Old Guitar", can be seen about 50 minutes into the film Neil Young: Heart of Gold.Neil Young_item_0_2
  • Vintage Martin D-18: Young used an old D-18 throughout his early days performing in coffee houses in Canada and on some early Buffalo Springfield work, before he received the D-45 from Stills. It can also be seen on unreleased footage from the Woodstock documentary, particularly on an acoustic duet of the Buffalo Springfield track "Mr. Soul" with Stills.Neil Young_item_0_3

Other notable (or odd) instruments played by Young include: Neil Young_sentence_474

Neil Young_unordered_list_1

  • Taylor 855 12-string, used in the first half of Rust Never Sleeps (1979).Neil Young_item_1_4
  • 1927 Gibson Mastertone, a six-string banjo guitar, a banjo body tuned like a guitar, used on many recordings and played by James Taylor on "Old Man".Neil Young_item_1_5
  • Gretsch 6120 (Chet Atkins model). Before Young bought Old Black, this was his primary electric guitar during his Buffalo Springfield days.Neil Young_item_1_6
  • Gretsch White Falcon. Young purchased a late 1950s model near the end of the Buffalo Springfield era; in 1969 he bought a stereo version of the same vintage guitar from Stephen Stills, and this instrument is featured prominently during Young's early 1970s period, and can be heard on tracks like "Ohio", "Southern Man", "Alabama", "Words (Between the Lines of Age)", and "L.A.". It was Young's primary electric guitar during the Harvest (1972) era, since Young's deteriorating back condition (eventually fixed with surgery) made playing the much heavier Les Paul difficult. This particular White Falcon is the stereo 6137, in which the signal from the three bass strings is separated from the signal from the three treble strings. Young typically plays this guitar in this stereo mode, sending the separate signals to two different amps, a Fender Deluxe and either a Fender Tremolux or a low-powered Tweed Fender Twin. The separation of the signals is most prominently heard on the Harvest (1972) song "Words".Neil Young_item_1_7
  • Gibson Flying V, on the Time Fades Away tour.Neil Young_item_1_8
  • Fender Broadcaster, on the Tonight's the Night (1975) album and tour.Neil Young_item_1_9
  • Guild M-20, seen in the film Neil Young Journeys.Neil Young_item_1_10

Harmonicas Neil Young_section_21

Young plays Hohner Marine Band harmonicas and is often seen using a harmonica holder. Neil Young_sentence_475

Reed organ Neil Young_section_22

Young owns a restored Estey reed organ, serial number 167272, dating from 1885, which he frequently plays in concert. Neil Young_sentence_476

Crystallophone Neil Young_section_23

Young owns a glass harmonica which is used in the recording of "I do" on the 2019 album Colorado. Neil Young_sentence_477

Amplification Neil Young_section_24

Young uses various vintage Fender Tweed Deluxe amplifiers. Neil Young_sentence_478

His preferred amplifier for electric guitar is the Fender Deluxe, specifically a Tweed-era model from 1959. Neil Young_sentence_479

He purchased his first vintage Deluxe in 1967 for US$50 (US$383 in 2019 dollars) from Sol Betnun Music on Larchmont in Hollywood and has since acquired nearly 450 different examples, all from the same era, but he maintains that it is the original model that sounds superior and is crucial to his trademark sound. Neil Young_sentence_480

The Tweed Deluxe is almost always used in conjunction with a late-1950s Magnatone 280 (similar to the amplifier used by Lonnie Mack and Buddy Holly). Neil Young_sentence_481

The Magnatone and the Deluxe are paired together in a most unusual manner: the external speaker jack from the Deluxe sends the amped signal through a volume potentiometer and directly into the input of the Magnatone. Neil Young_sentence_482

The Magnatone is notable for its true pitch-bending vibrato capabilities, which can be heard as an electric piano amplifier on "See the Sky About to Rain". Neil Young_sentence_483

A notable and unique accessory to Young's Deluxe is the Whizzer, a device created specifically for Young by Rick Davis, which physically changes the amplifier's settings to pre-set combinations. Neil Young_sentence_484

This device is connected to footswitches operable by Young onstage in the manner of an effects pedal. Neil Young_sentence_485

Tom Wheeler's book Soul of Tone highlights the device on page 182/183. Neil Young_sentence_486

Discography Neil Young_section_25

Main article: Neil Young discography and filmography Neil Young_sentence_487

See also: Crazy Horse (band) § Discography; Buffalo Springfield § Discography; and Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young discography Neil Young_sentence_488

Legacy and awards Neil Young_section_26

As one of the original founders of Farm Aid (1985–), he remains an active member of the board of directors. Neil Young_sentence_489

For one weekend each October, in Mountain View, California, Young and his ex-wife have hosted the Bridge School Concerts, which have been drawing international talent and sell-out crowds for nearly two decades with some of the biggest names in rock having performed at the event including Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers, Bruce Springsteen, David Bowie, The Who, Red Hot Chili Peppers, Trent Reznor of Nine Inch Nails, Tom Waits, Thom Yorke of Radiohead, R.E.M. Neil Young_sentence_490 , Foo Fighters, Metallica, Pearl Jam, Sonic Youth, The Smashing Pumpkins, Paul McCartney and Dave Matthews. Neil Young_sentence_491

He announced in June 2017, however, that he would no longer host the concerts. Neil Young_sentence_492

The concerts are a benefit for the Bridge School, which develops and uses advanced technologies to aid in the instruction of children with disabilities. Neil Young_sentence_493

Young's involvement stemmed at least partially from the fact that both of his sons have cerebral palsy and his daughter, like Young himself, has epilepsy. Neil Young_sentence_494

Young was nominated for an Oscar in 1994 for his song "Philadelphia" from the film Philadelphia. Neil Young_sentence_495

Bruce Springsteen won the award for his song "Streets of Philadelphia" from the same film. Neil Young_sentence_496

In his acceptance speech, Springsteen said that "the award really deserved to be shared by the other nominee's song". Neil Young_sentence_497

That same night, Tom Hanks, when accepting the Oscar for Best Actor, gave credit for his inspiration to Young's song. Neil Young_sentence_498

Young has twice received honorary doctorates. Neil Young_sentence_499

He received an honorary doctorate of music from Lakehead University in Thunder Bay, Ontario, in 1992, and an honorary doctorate of humane letters from San Francisco State University in 2006. Neil Young_sentence_500

The latter honour was shared with his wife Pegi for their creation of the Bridge School. Neil Young_sentence_501

In 2006, Young was given Manitoba's highest civilian honour when he was appointed to the Order of Manitoba. Neil Young_sentence_502

In 2009, he was appointed to Canada's second highest civilian order, the Order of Canada. Neil Young_sentence_503

Rolling Stone magazine in 2000, ranked Young thirty-fourth in its list of the 100 greatest artists of all time, and in 2003, included five of his albums in its list of 500 greatest albums of all time. Neil Young_sentence_504

In 2000, Young was inducted into Canada's Walk of Fame. Neil Young_sentence_505

In 2006, when Paste magazine compiled a "Greatest Living Songwriters" list, Young was ranked second behind Bob Dylan. Neil Young_sentence_506

(While Young and Dylan have occasionally played together in concert, they have never collaborated on a song together or played on each other's records.) Neil Young_sentence_507

He ranked thirty-ninth on VH1's 100 Greatest Artist of Hard Rock that same year. Neil Young_sentence_508

The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame explained that while Young has "avoided sticking to one style for very long, the unifying factors throughout Young's peripatetic musical journey have been his unmistakable voice, his raw and expressive guitar playing, and his consummate songwriting skill." Neil Young_sentence_509

Young's political outspokenness and social awareness influenced artists such as Blind Melon, Phish, Pearl Jam, and Nirvana. Neil Young_sentence_510

Young is referred to as "the Godfather of Grunge" because of the influence he had on Kurt Cobain and Eddie Vedder and the entire grunge movement. Neil Young_sentence_511

Vedder inducted Young into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1995, citing him as a huge influence. Neil Young_sentence_512

Young is cited as being a significant influence on the experimental rock group Sonic Youth, and Thom Yorke of Radiohead. Neil Young_sentence_513

Yorke recounted of first hearing Young after sending a demo tape into a magazine when he was 16, who favourably compared his singing voice to Young's. Neil Young_sentence_514

Unaware of Young at that time, he bought After the Gold Rush (1970), and "immediately fell in love" with his work, calling it "extraordinary". Neil Young_sentence_515

Yorke later covered the title track in concert. Neil Young_sentence_516

Dave Matthews lists Young as one of his favourite songwriters and most important inspirations and covers his songs on occasion. Neil Young_sentence_517

The British indie band The Bluetones named their number one debut album after the song "Expecting to Fly" (written by Young when still with Buffalo Springfield) and have covered the song while touring. Neil Young_sentence_518

Young also inspired the singer-songwriter Noel Gallagher of Oasis, who covered "Hey Hey, My My (Into the Black)" on the live album Familiar to Millions (2000). Neil Young_sentence_519

The Australian rock group Powderfinger named themselves after Young's song "Powderfinger" from Rust Never Sleeps (1979). Neil Young_sentence_520

The members of the Constantines have occasionally played Neil Young tribute shows under the name Horsey Craze. Neil Young_sentence_521

While in Winnipeg on November 2, 2008, during the Canadian leg of his tour, Bob Dylan visited Young's former home in River Heights, where Young spent his teenage years. Neil Young_sentence_522

Dylan was interested in seeing the room where some of Young's first songs were composed. Neil Young_sentence_523

Jason Bond, an East Carolina University biologist, discovered a new species of trapdoor spider in 2007 and named it Myrmekiaphila neilyoungi after Young, his favourite singer. Neil Young_sentence_524

In 2001, Young was awarded the Spirit of Liberty award by the civil liberties group People for the American Way. Neil Young_sentence_525

Young was honoured as the MusiCares Person of the Year on January 29, 2010, two nights prior to the 52nd Annual Grammy Awards. Neil Young_sentence_526

He was also nominated for two Grammy Awards: Best Solo Rock Vocal Performance for "Fork in the Road" and Best Boxed or Special Limited Edition Package for Neil Young Archives Vol. 1 (1963–1972). Neil Young_sentence_527

Young won the latter Grammy Award. Neil Young_sentence_528

In 2010, he was ranked No. Neil Young_sentence_529

26 in's Top 50 Guitarists of All Time. Neil Young_sentence_530

Other honors include: Neil Young_sentence_531

Neil Young_unordered_list_2

Albums recorded in tribute to Young by various artists include: Neil Young_sentence_532

Neil Young_unordered_list_3

  • 1989 – The Bridge: A Tribute to Neil Young, CarolineNeil Young_item_3_14
  • 1994 – Borrowed Tunes: A Tribute to Neil Young, Sony Music Canada, 2xCD acoustic and electricNeil Young_item_3_15
  • 1999 – This Note's for You Too!: A Tribute to Neil Young, Inbetweens Records 2xCDNeil Young_item_3_16
  • 2000 – Getting' High on Neil Young: A Bluegrass Tribute, CMH Records (same as 1998 entry)Neil Young_item_3_17
  • 2001 – Everybody Knows This Is Norway: A Norwegian Tribute to Neil Young, Switch Off RecordsNeil Young_item_3_18
  • 2001 – Mirrorball Songs – A Tribute to Neil Young, SALD, JapanNeil Young_item_3_19
  • 2006 – Headed for the Ditch: a Michigan Tribute to Neil Young, Lower Peninsula Records 2xLPNeil Young_item_3_20
  • 2007 – Borrowed Tunes II: A Tribute to Neil Young, 2xCD acoustic and electric, Universal Music Canada 2xCDNeil Young_item_3_21
  • 2007 – Like A Hurricane (16-track tribute album provided with the December 2007 issue of Uncut Magazine)Neil Young_item_3_22
  • 2008 – More Barn – A Tribute to Neil Young, Slothtrop MusicNeil Young_item_3_23
  • 2008 – Cinnamon Girl – Women Artists Cover Neil Young for Charity, American Laundromat Records 2xCDNeil Young_item_3_24
  • 2012 – Music Is Love: A Singer-Songwriter Tribute to the Music of CSNY Route 66 2xCDNeil Young_item_3_25

Grammy Awards Neil Young_section_27

Neil Young_table_general_1

YearNeil Young_header_cell_1_0_0 Nominee / workNeil Young_header_cell_1_0_1 AwardNeil Young_header_cell_1_0_2 ResultNeil Young_header_cell_1_0_3
1990Neil Young_cell_1_1_0 FreedomNeil Young_cell_1_1_1 Best Male Rock Vocal PerformanceNeil Young_cell_1_1_2 NominatedNeil Young_cell_1_1_3
1991Neil Young_cell_1_2_0 "Rockin' in the Free World"Neil Young_cell_1_2_1 Best Male Rock Vocal PerformanceNeil Young_cell_1_2_2 NominatedNeil Young_cell_1_2_3
1994Neil Young_cell_1_3_0 "Harvest Moon"Neil Young_cell_1_3_1 Record of the YearNeil Young_cell_1_3_2 NominatedNeil Young_cell_1_3_3
Song of the YearNeil Young_cell_1_4_0 NominatedNeil Young_cell_1_4_1
"My Back Pages"Neil Young_cell_1_5_0 Best Rock Performance by a Duo or Group with VocalNeil Young_cell_1_5_1 NominatedNeil Young_cell_1_5_2
1995Neil Young_cell_1_6_0 "Philadelphia"Neil Young_cell_1_6_1 Best Male Rock Vocal PerformanceNeil Young_cell_1_6_2 NominatedNeil Young_cell_1_6_3
Sleeps with AngelsNeil Young_cell_1_7_0 Best Rock AlbumNeil Young_cell_1_7_1 NominatedNeil Young_cell_1_7_2
1996Neil Young_cell_1_8_0 "Peace and Love"Neil Young_cell_1_8_1 Best Male Rock Vocal PerformanceNeil Young_cell_1_8_2 NominatedNeil Young_cell_1_8_3
"Downtown"Neil Young_cell_1_9_0 Best Rock SongNeil Young_cell_1_9_1 NominatedNeil Young_cell_1_9_2
Mirror BallNeil Young_cell_1_10_0 Best Rock AlbumNeil Young_cell_1_10_1 NominatedNeil Young_cell_1_10_2
Best Recording PackageNeil Young_cell_1_11_0 NominatedNeil Young_cell_1_11_1
1997Neil Young_cell_1_12_0 Broken ArrowNeil Young_cell_1_12_1 Best Rock AlbumNeil Young_cell_1_12_2 NominatedNeil Young_cell_1_12_3
2006Neil Young_cell_1_13_0 "The Painter"Neil Young_cell_1_13_1 Best Solo Rock Vocal PerformanceNeil Young_cell_1_13_2 NominatedNeil Young_cell_1_13_3
Prairie WindNeil Young_cell_1_14_0 Best Rock AlbumNeil Young_cell_1_14_1 NominatedNeil Young_cell_1_14_2
2007Neil Young_cell_1_15_0 "Lookin' for a Leader"Neil Young_cell_1_15_1 Best Solo Rock Vocal PerformanceNeil Young_cell_1_15_2 NominatedNeil Young_cell_1_15_3
Best Rock SongNeil Young_cell_1_16_0 NominatedNeil Young_cell_1_16_1
Living with WarNeil Young_cell_1_17_0 Best Rock AlbumNeil Young_cell_1_17_1 NominatedNeil Young_cell_1_17_2
2009Neil Young_cell_1_18_0 "No Hidden Path"Neil Young_cell_1_18_1 Best Solo Rock Vocal PerformanceNeil Young_cell_1_18_2 NominatedNeil Young_cell_1_18_3
2010Neil Young_cell_1_19_0 "Fork in the Road"Neil Young_cell_1_19_1 Best Solo Rock Vocal PerformanceNeil Young_cell_1_19_2 NominatedNeil Young_cell_1_19_3
The Archives Vol. 1 1963–1972Neil Young_cell_1_20_0 Best Boxed or Special Limited Edition PackageNeil Young_cell_1_20_1 WonNeil Young_cell_1_20_2
Neil YoungNeil Young_cell_1_21_0 MusiCares Person of the YearNeil Young_cell_1_21_1 WonNeil Young_cell_1_21_2
2011Neil Young_cell_1_22_0 "Angry World"Neil Young_cell_1_22_1 Best Solo Rock Vocal PerformanceNeil Young_cell_1_22_2 NominatedNeil Young_cell_1_22_3
Best Rock SongNeil Young_cell_1_23_0 WonNeil Young_cell_1_23_1
Le NoiseNeil Young_cell_1_24_0 Best Rock AlbumNeil Young_cell_1_24_1 NominatedNeil Young_cell_1_24_2
2014Neil Young_cell_1_25_0 Psychedelic PillNeil Young_cell_1_25_1 Best Rock AlbumNeil Young_cell_1_25_2 NominatedNeil Young_cell_1_25_3
2015Neil Young_cell_1_26_0 A Letter HomeNeil Young_cell_1_26_1 Best Boxed or Special Limited Edition PackageNeil Young_cell_1_26_2 NominatedNeil Young_cell_1_26_3

Juno Awards Neil Young_section_28

Neil Young_table_general_2

YearNeil Young_header_cell_2_0_0 Nominee / workNeil Young_header_cell_2_0_1 AwardNeil Young_header_cell_2_0_2 ResultNeil Young_header_cell_2_0_3
2011Neil Young_cell_2_1_0 Artist of the YearNeil Young_cell_2_1_1 Neil YoungNeil Young_cell_2_1_2 WonNeil Young_cell_2_1_3
Adult Alternative Album of the YearNeil Young_cell_2_2_0 Le NoiseNeil Young_cell_2_2_1 WonNeil Young_cell_2_2_2
2008Neil Young_cell_2_3_0 Adult Alternative Album of the YearNeil Young_cell_2_3_1 Chrome Dreams IINeil Young_cell_2_3_2 NominatedNeil Young_cell_2_3_3
2007Neil Young_cell_2_4_0 Adult Alternative Album of the YearNeil Young_cell_2_4_1 Living With WarNeil Young_cell_2_4_2 WonNeil Young_cell_2_4_3
2006Neil Young_cell_2_5_0 Adult Alternative Album of the YearNeil Young_cell_2_5_1 Prairie WindNeil Young_cell_2_5_2 NominatedNeil Young_cell_2_5_3
Jack Richardson Producer of the YearNeil Young_cell_2_6_0 "The Painter"Neil Young_cell_2_6_1 WonNeil Young_cell_2_6_2
Songwriter of the YearNeil Young_cell_2_7_0 "The Painter", "When God Made Me", "Prairie Wind"Neil Young_cell_2_7_1 NominatedNeil Young_cell_2_7_2
2001Neil Young_cell_2_8_0 Best Male ArtistNeil Young_cell_2_8_1 Neil YoungNeil Young_cell_2_8_2 WonNeil Young_cell_2_8_3
Best Roots & Traditional Album – SoloNeil Young_cell_2_9_0 Silver & GoldNeil Young_cell_2_9_1 NominatedNeil Young_cell_2_9_2
1997Neil Young_cell_2_10_0 Male Vocalist of the YearNeil Young_cell_2_10_1 Neil YoungNeil Young_cell_2_10_2 NominatedNeil Young_cell_2_10_3
1996Neil Young_cell_2_11_0 Best Rock AlbumNeil Young_cell_2_11_1 Mirror BallNeil Young_cell_2_11_2 NominatedNeil Young_cell_2_11_3
Male Vocalist of the YearNeil Young_cell_2_12_0 Neil YoungNeil Young_cell_2_12_1 NominatedNeil Young_cell_2_12_2
1995Neil Young_cell_2_13_0 Songwriter of the YearNeil Young_cell_2_13_1 Neil YoungNeil Young_cell_2_13_2 NominatedNeil Young_cell_2_13_3
Male Vocalist of the YearNeil Young_cell_2_14_0 Neil YoungNeil Young_cell_2_14_1 WonNeil Young_cell_2_14_2
Entertainer of the YearNeil Young_cell_2_15_0 Neil YoungNeil Young_cell_2_15_1 NominatedNeil Young_cell_2_15_2
1994Neil Young_cell_2_16_0 Single of the YearNeil Young_cell_2_16_1 "Harvest Moon"Neil Young_cell_2_16_2 NominatedNeil Young_cell_2_16_3
Album of the YearNeil Young_cell_2_17_0 Harvest MoonNeil Young_cell_2_17_1 WonNeil Young_cell_2_17_2
1993Neil Young_cell_2_18_0 Songwriter of the YearNeil Young_cell_2_18_1 Neil YoungNeil Young_cell_2_18_2 NominatedNeil Young_cell_2_18_3
Male Vocalist of the YearNeil Young_cell_2_19_0 Neil YoungNeil Young_cell_2_19_1 NominatedNeil Young_cell_2_19_2
1991Neil Young_cell_2_20_0 Male Vocalist of the YearNeil Young_cell_2_20_1 Neil YoungNeil Young_cell_2_20_2 NominatedNeil Young_cell_2_20_3
1990Neil Young_cell_2_21_0 Male Vocalist of the YearNeil Young_cell_2_21_1 Neil YoungNeil Young_cell_2_21_2 NominatedNeil Young_cell_2_21_3
1989Neil Young_cell_2_22_0 Male Vocalist of the YearNeil Young_cell_2_22_1 Neil YoungNeil Young_cell_2_22_2 NominatedNeil Young_cell_2_22_3
1986Neil Young_cell_2_23_0 Male Vocalist of the YearNeil Young_cell_2_23_1 Neil YoungNeil Young_cell_2_23_2 NominatedNeil Young_cell_2_23_3
1982Neil Young_cell_2_24_0 Male Vocalist of the YearNeil Young_cell_2_24_1 Neil YoungNeil Young_cell_2_24_2 NominatedNeil Young_cell_2_24_3
1981Neil Young_cell_2_25_0 Male Vocalist of the YearNeil Young_cell_2_25_1 Neil YoungNeil Young_cell_2_25_2 NominatedNeil Young_cell_2_25_3
1980Neil Young_cell_2_26_0 Male Vocalist of the YearNeil Young_cell_2_26_1 Neil YoungNeil Young_cell_2_26_2 NominatedNeil Young_cell_2_26_3
1979Neil Young_cell_2_27_0 Male Vocalist of the YearNeil Young_cell_2_27_1 Neil YoungNeil Young_cell_2_27_2 NominatedNeil Young_cell_2_27_3
1975Neil Young_cell_2_28_0 Composer of the YearNeil Young_cell_2_28_1 Neil YoungNeil Young_cell_2_28_2 NominatedNeil Young_cell_2_28_3

MTV Video Music Awards Neil Young_section_29

Neil Young_table_general_3

YearNeil Young_header_cell_3_0_0 Nominee / workNeil Young_header_cell_3_0_1 AwardNeil Young_header_cell_3_0_2 ResultNeil Young_header_cell_3_0_3
1984Neil Young_cell_3_1_0 "Wonderin'"Neil Young_cell_3_1_1 Most Experimental VideoNeil Young_cell_3_1_2 NominatedNeil Young_cell_3_1_3
1989Neil Young_cell_3_2_0 "This Note's for You"Neil Young_cell_3_2_1 Video of the YearNeil Young_cell_3_2_2 WonNeil Young_cell_3_2_3
Viewer's Choice AwardNeil Young_cell_3_3_0 NominatedNeil Young_cell_3_3_1

See also Neil Young_section_30

Neil Young_unordered_list_4

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: Young.