New Hampshire

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This article is about the State of New Hampshire. New Hampshire_sentence_0

For other uses, see New Hampshire (disambiguation). New Hampshire_sentence_1

New Hampshire_table_infobox_0

New HampshireNew Hampshire_header_cell_0_0_0
CountryNew Hampshire_header_cell_0_1_0 United StatesNew Hampshire_cell_0_1_1
Before statehoodNew Hampshire_header_cell_0_2_0 Province of New HampshireNew Hampshire_cell_0_2_1
Admitted to the UnionNew Hampshire_header_cell_0_3_0 June 21, 1788 (9th)New Hampshire_cell_0_3_1
CapitalNew Hampshire_header_cell_0_4_0 ConcordNew Hampshire_cell_0_4_1
Largest cityNew Hampshire_header_cell_0_5_0 ManchesterNew Hampshire_cell_0_5_1
Largest metroNew Hampshire_header_cell_0_6_0 Manchester–NashuaNew Hampshire_cell_0_6_1
GovernmentNew Hampshire_header_cell_0_7_0
GovernorNew Hampshire_header_cell_0_8_0 Chris Sununu (R)New Hampshire_cell_0_8_1
Senate PresidentNew Hampshire_header_cell_0_9_0 Chuck Morse (R)New Hampshire_cell_0_9_1
LegislatureNew Hampshire_header_cell_0_10_0 General CourtNew Hampshire_cell_0_10_1
Upper houseNew Hampshire_header_cell_0_11_0 SenateNew Hampshire_cell_0_11_1
Lower houseNew Hampshire_header_cell_0_12_0 House of RepresentativesNew Hampshire_cell_0_12_1
JudiciaryNew Hampshire_header_cell_0_13_0 New Hampshire Supreme CourtNew Hampshire_cell_0_13_1
U.S. senatorsNew Hampshire_header_cell_0_14_0 Jeanne Shaheen (D)

Maggie Hassan (D)New Hampshire_cell_0_14_1

U.S. House delegationNew Hampshire_header_cell_0_15_0 1: Chris Pappas (D)

2: Ann McLane Kuster (D) (list)New Hampshire_cell_0_15_1

AreaNew Hampshire_header_cell_0_16_0
TotalNew Hampshire_header_cell_0_17_0 9,349 sq mi (24,214 km)New Hampshire_cell_0_17_1
Area rankNew Hampshire_header_cell_0_18_0 46thNew Hampshire_cell_0_18_1
DimensionsNew Hampshire_header_cell_0_19_0
LengthNew Hampshire_header_cell_0_20_0 190 mi (305 km)New Hampshire_cell_0_20_1
WidthNew Hampshire_header_cell_0_21_0 68 mi (110 km)New Hampshire_cell_0_21_1
ElevationNew Hampshire_header_cell_0_22_0 1,000 ft (300 m)New Hampshire_cell_0_22_1
Highest elevation (Mount Washington)New Hampshire_header_cell_0_23_0 6,288 ft (1,916.66 m)New Hampshire_cell_0_23_1
Lowest elevation (Atlantic Ocean)New Hampshire_header_cell_0_24_0 0 ft (0 m)New Hampshire_cell_0_24_1
Population (2019)New Hampshire_header_cell_0_25_0
TotalNew Hampshire_header_cell_0_26_0 1,359,711New Hampshire_cell_0_26_1
RankNew Hampshire_header_cell_0_27_0 41stNew Hampshire_cell_0_27_1
DensityNew Hampshire_header_cell_0_28_0 147/sq mi (56.8/km)New Hampshire_cell_0_28_1
Density rankNew Hampshire_header_cell_0_29_0 21stNew Hampshire_cell_0_29_1
Median household incomeNew Hampshire_header_cell_0_30_0 $73,381New Hampshire_cell_0_30_1
Income rankNew Hampshire_header_cell_0_31_0 7thNew Hampshire_cell_0_31_1
Demonym(s)New Hampshire_header_cell_0_32_0 Granite Stater,

New HampshiriteNew Hampshire_cell_0_32_1

LanguageNew Hampshire_header_cell_0_33_0
Official languageNew Hampshire_header_cell_0_34_0 English

(French allowed for official business with Quebec)New Hampshire_cell_0_34_1

Time zoneNew Hampshire_header_cell_0_35_0 UTC−05:00 (Eastern)New Hampshire_cell_0_35_1
Summer (DST)New Hampshire_header_cell_0_36_0 UTC−04:00 (EDT)New Hampshire_cell_0_36_1
USPS abbreviationNew Hampshire_header_cell_0_37_0 NHNew Hampshire_cell_0_37_1
ISO 3166 codeNew Hampshire_header_cell_0_38_0 US-NHNew Hampshire_cell_0_38_1
Traditional abbreviationNew Hampshire_header_cell_0_39_0 N.H.New Hampshire_cell_0_39_1
LatitudeNew Hampshire_header_cell_0_40_0 42° 42′ N to 45° 18′ NNew Hampshire_cell_0_40_1
LongitudeNew Hampshire_header_cell_0_41_0 70° 36′ W to 72° 33′ WNew Hampshire_cell_0_41_1
WebsiteNew Hampshire_header_cell_0_42_0 New Hampshire_cell_0_42_1

New Hampshire_table_infobox_1

New Hampshire state symbolsNew Hampshire_header_cell_1_0_0
Living insigniaNew Hampshire_header_cell_1_1_0
AmphibianNew Hampshire_header_cell_1_2_0 Red-spotted newt

Notophthalmus viridescensNew Hampshire_cell_1_2_1

BirdNew Hampshire_header_cell_1_3_0 Purple finch

Haemorhous purpureusNew Hampshire_cell_1_3_1

ButterflyNew Hampshire_header_cell_1_4_0 Karner Blue

Lycaeides melissa samuelisNew Hampshire_cell_1_4_1

Dog breedNew Hampshire_header_cell_1_5_0 ChinookNew Hampshire_cell_1_5_1
FishNew Hampshire_header_cell_1_6_0 Freshwater: Brook trout

Salvelinus fontinalis Saltwater: Striped bass Morone saxatilisNew Hampshire_cell_1_6_1

FlowerNew Hampshire_header_cell_1_7_0 Purple lilac

Syringa vulgarisNew Hampshire_cell_1_7_1

InsectNew Hampshire_header_cell_1_8_0 Ladybug

CoccinellidaeNew Hampshire_cell_1_8_1

MammalNew Hampshire_header_cell_1_9_0 White-tailed deer

Odocoileus virginianusNew Hampshire_cell_1_9_1

TreeNew Hampshire_header_cell_1_10_0 White birch

Betula papyriferaNew Hampshire_cell_1_10_1

Inanimate insigniaNew Hampshire_header_cell_1_11_0
FoodNew Hampshire_header_cell_1_12_0 Fruit: Pumpkin

Vegetable: White Potato Berry: BlackberryNew Hampshire_cell_1_12_1

GemstoneNew Hampshire_header_cell_1_13_0 Smoky quartzNew Hampshire_cell_1_13_1
MineralNew Hampshire_header_cell_1_14_0 BerylNew Hampshire_cell_1_14_1
RockNew Hampshire_header_cell_1_15_0 GraniteNew Hampshire_cell_1_15_1
SportNew Hampshire_header_cell_1_16_0 SkiingNew Hampshire_cell_1_16_1
TartanNew Hampshire_header_cell_1_17_0 New Hampshire state tartanNew Hampshire_cell_1_17_1
State route markerNew Hampshire_header_cell_1_18_0
State quarterNew Hampshire_header_cell_1_19_0

New Hampshire (/ˈhæmpʃər/) is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States. New Hampshire_sentence_2

It is bordered by Massachusetts to the south, Vermont to the west, Maine and the Atlantic Ocean to the east, and the Canadian province of Quebec to the north. New Hampshire_sentence_3

New Hampshire is the 5th smallest by area and the 10th least populous U.S. state. New Hampshire_sentence_4

Concord is the state capital, while Manchester is the largest city. New Hampshire_sentence_5

New Hampshire has no general sales tax, nor income tax other than on interest and dividends. New Hampshire_sentence_6

The New Hampshire primary is the first primary in the U.S. presidential election cycle. New Hampshire_sentence_7

Its license plates carry the state motto, "Live Free or Die". New Hampshire_sentence_8

The state's nickname, "The Granite State", refers to its extensive granite formations and quarries. New Hampshire_sentence_9

In January 1776, it became the first of the British North American colonies to establish a government independent of the Kingdom of Great Britain's authority; it was the first to establish its own state constitution. New Hampshire_sentence_10

Six months later, it became one of the original 13 colonies that signed the United States Declaration of Independence, and in June 1788 it was the ninth state to ratify the United States Constitution, bringing that document into effect. New Hampshire_sentence_11

Historically, New Hampshire was a major center for textile manufacturing, shoemaking, and papermaking, with Amoskeag Manufacturing Company in Manchester at one time being the largest cotton textile plant in the world. New Hampshire_sentence_12

Numerous mills were located along various rivers in the state, especially the Merrimack and Connecticut rivers. New Hampshire_sentence_13

Many French Canadians migrated to New Hampshire to work the mills in the late 19th and early 20th century; New Hampshire still ranks second among states by percentage of people claiming French American ancestry, with 24.5% of the state identifying as such. New Hampshire_sentence_14

Manufacturing centers such as Manchester, Nashua and Berlin were hit hard in the 1930s–1940s as major manufacturing industries left New England and moved to the Southern United States or overseas, reflecting nationwide trends. New Hampshire_sentence_15

In the 1950s and 1960s, defense contractors moved into many of the former mills, such as Sanders Associates in Nashua; the population of southern New Hampshire surged beginning in the 1980s as major highways connected the region to Greater Boston and established several bedroom communities in the state. New Hampshire_sentence_16

With some of the highest ski mountains on the East Coast, New Hampshire's major recreational attractions include skiing, snowmobiling, and other winter sports, hiking and mountaineering (Mount Monadnock in the state's southwestern corner is among the most climbed mountains in the U.S.), observing the fall foliage, summer cottages along many lakes and the seacoast, motor sports at the New Hampshire Motor Speedway, and Motorcycle Week, a popular motorcycle rally held in Weirs Beach in Laconia in June. New Hampshire_sentence_17

The White Mountain National Forest links the Vermont and Maine portions of the Appalachian Trail, and has the Mount Washington Auto Road, where visitors may drive to the top of 6,288-foot (1,917 m) Mount Washington. New Hampshire_sentence_18

Etymology New Hampshire_section_0

The state was named after the southern English county of Hampshire by Captain John Mason. New Hampshire_sentence_19

Geography New Hampshire_section_1

Further information: List of counties in New Hampshire, List of mountains in New Hampshire, List of lakes in New Hampshire, List of rivers in New Hampshire, and Geology of New Hampshire New Hampshire_sentence_20

New Hampshire is part of the six-state New England region. New Hampshire_sentence_21

It is bounded by Quebec, Canada, to the north and northwest; Maine and the Atlantic Ocean to the east; Massachusetts to the south; and Vermont to the west. New Hampshire_sentence_22

New Hampshire's major regions are the Great North Woods, the White Mountains, the Lakes Region, the Seacoast, the Merrimack Valley, the Monadnock Region, and the Dartmouth-Lake Sunapee area. New Hampshire_sentence_23

New Hampshire has the shortest ocean coastline of any U.S. coastal state, with a length of 18 miles (29 km), sometimes measured as only 13 miles (21 km). New Hampshire_sentence_24

The White Mountains range in New Hampshire spans the north-central portion of the state. New Hampshire_sentence_25

The range includes Mount Washington, the tallest in the northeastern U.S.—site of the second-highest wind speed ever recorded—as well as Mount Adams and Mount Jefferson. New Hampshire_sentence_26

With hurricane-force winds every third day on average, more than a hundred recorded deaths among visitors, and conspicuous krumholtz (dwarf, matted trees much like a carpet of bonsai trees), the climate on the upper reaches of Mount Washington has inspired the weather observatory on the peak to claim that the area has the "World's Worst Weather". New Hampshire_sentence_27

The White Mountains were home to the rock formation called the Old Man of the Mountain, a face-like profile in Franconia Notch, until the formation disintegrated in May 2003. New Hampshire_sentence_28

Even after its loss, the Old Man remains an enduring symbol for the state, seen on state highway signs, automobile license plates, and many government and private entities around New Hampshire. New Hampshire_sentence_29

In the flatter southwest corner of New Hampshire, the landmark Mount Monadnock has given its name to a class of earth-forms—a monadnock—signifying, in geomorphology, any isolated resistant peak rising from a less resistant eroded plain. New Hampshire_sentence_30

Major rivers include the 110-mile (177 km) Merrimack River, which bisects the lower half of the state north–south before passing into Massachusetts and reaching the sea in Newburyport. New Hampshire_sentence_31

Its tributaries include the Contoocook River, Pemigewasset River, and Winnipesaukee River. New Hampshire_sentence_32

The 410-mile (660 km) Connecticut River, which starts at New Hampshire's Connecticut Lakes and flows south to Connecticut, defines the western border with Vermont. New Hampshire_sentence_33

The state border is not in the center of that river, as is usually the case, but at the low-water mark on the Vermont side; meaning the entire river along the Vermont border (save for areas where the water level has been raised by a dam) lies within New Hampshire. New Hampshire_sentence_34

Only one town—Pittsburg—shares a land border with the state of Vermont. New Hampshire_sentence_35

The "northwesternmost headwaters" of the Connecticut also define the part of Canada–U.S. New Hampshire_sentence_36

border. New Hampshire_sentence_37

The Piscataqua River and its several tributaries form the state's only significant ocean port where they flow into the Atlantic at Portsmouth. New Hampshire_sentence_38

The Salmon Falls River and the Piscataqua define the southern portion of the border with Maine. New Hampshire_sentence_39

The Piscataqua River boundary was the subject of a border dispute between New Hampshire and Maine in 2001, with New Hampshire claiming dominion over several islands (primarily Seavey's Island) that include the Portsmouth Naval Shipyard. New Hampshire_sentence_40

The U.S. New Hampshire_sentence_41 Supreme Court dismissed the case in 2002, leaving ownership of the island with Maine. New Hampshire_sentence_42

New Hampshire still claims sovereignty of the base, however. New Hampshire_sentence_43

The largest of New Hampshire's lakes is Lake Winnipesaukee, which covers 71 square miles (184 km) in the east-central part of New Hampshire. New Hampshire_sentence_44

Umbagog Lake along the Maine border, approximately 12.3 square miles (31.9 km), is a distant second. New Hampshire_sentence_45

Squam Lake is the second largest lake entirely in New Hampshire. New Hampshire_sentence_46

New Hampshire has the shortest ocean coastline of any state in the United States, approximately 18 miles (29 km) long. New Hampshire_sentence_47

Hampton Beach is a popular local summer destination. New Hampshire_sentence_48

About 7 miles (11 km) offshore are the Isles of Shoals, nine small islands (four of which are in New Hampshire) known as the site of a 19th-century art colony founded by poet Celia Thaxter, and the alleged location of one of the buried treasures of the pirate Blackbeard. New Hampshire_sentence_49

It is the state with the highest percentage of timberland area in the country. New Hampshire_sentence_50

New Hampshire is in the temperate broadleaf and mixed forests biome. New Hampshire_sentence_51

Much of the state, in particular the White Mountains, is covered by the conifers and northern hardwoods of the New England-Acadian forests. New Hampshire_sentence_52

The southeast corner of the state and parts of the Connecticut River along the Vermont border are covered by the mixed oaks of the Northeastern coastal forests. New Hampshire_sentence_53

The state's numerous forests are popular among autumnal leaf peepers seeking the brilliant foliage of the numerous deciduous trees. New Hampshire_sentence_54

The northern third of the state is locally referred to as the "north country" or "north of the notches", in reference to White Mountain passes that channel traffic. New Hampshire_sentence_55

It contains less than 5% of the state's population, suffers relatively high poverty, and is steadily losing population as the logging and paper industries decline. New Hampshire_sentence_56

However, the tourist industry, in particular visitors who go to northern New Hampshire to ski, snowboard, hike and mountain bike, has helped offset economic losses from mill closures. New Hampshire_sentence_57

Winter season lengths are projected to decline at ski areas across New Hampshire due to the effects of global warming, which is likely to continue the historic contraction and consolidation of the ski industry and threaten individual ski businesses and communities that rely on ski tourism. New Hampshire_sentence_58

Climate New Hampshire_section_2

New Hampshire experiences a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfa in some southern areas, Dfb in most of the state, and Dfc subarctic in some northern highland areas), with warm, humid summers, and long, cold, and snowy winters. New Hampshire_sentence_59

Precipitation is fairly evenly distributed all year. New Hampshire_sentence_60

The climate of the southeastern portion is moderated by the Atlantic Ocean and averages relatively milder winters (for New Hampshire), while the northern and interior portions experience colder temperatures and lower humidity. New Hampshire_sentence_61

Winters are cold and snowy throughout the state, and especially severe in the northern and mountainous areas. New Hampshire_sentence_62

Average annual snowfall ranges from 60 inches (150 cm) to over 100 inches (250 cm) across the state. New Hampshire_sentence_63

Average daytime highs are in the mid 70s°F to low 80s°F (24–28°C) throughout the state in July, with overnight lows in the mid 50s°F to low 60s°F (13–15°C). New Hampshire_sentence_64

January temperatures range from an average high of 34 °F (1 °C) on the coast to overnight lows below 0 °F (−18 °C) in the far north and at high elevations. New Hampshire_sentence_65

Average annual precipitation statewide is roughly 40 inches (100 cm) with some variation occurring in the White Mountains due to differences in elevation and annual snowfall. New Hampshire_sentence_66

New Hampshire's highest recorded temperature was 106 °F (41 °C) in Nashua on July 4, 1911, while the lowest recorded temperature was −47 °F (−44 °C) atop Mount Washington on January 29, 1934. New Hampshire_sentence_67

Mount Washington also saw an unofficial −50 °F (−46 °C) reading on January 22, 1885, which, if made official, would tie the all-time record low for New England (also −50 °F (−46 °C) at Big Black River, Maine, on January 16, 2009, and Bloomfield, Vermont on December 30, 1933). New Hampshire_sentence_68

Extreme snow is often associated with a nor'easter, such as the Blizzard of '78 and the Blizzard of 1993, when several feet accumulated across portions of the state over 24 to 48 hours. New Hampshire_sentence_69

Lighter snowfalls of several inches occur frequently throughout winter, often associated with an Alberta Clipper. New Hampshire_sentence_70

New Hampshire, on occasion, is affected by hurricanes and tropical storms although by the time they reach the state they are often extratropical, with most storms striking the southern New England coastline and moving inland or passing by offshore in the Gulf of Maine. New Hampshire_sentence_71

Most of New Hampshire averages fewer than 20 days of thunderstorms per year and an average of two tornadoes occur annually statewide. New Hampshire_sentence_72

The National Arbor Day Foundation plant hardiness zone map depicts zones 3, 4, 5, and 6 occurring throughout the state and indicates the transition from a relatively cooler to warmer climate as one travels southward across New Hampshire. New Hampshire_sentence_73

The 1990 USDA plant hardiness zones for New Hampshire range from zone 3b in the north to zone 5b in the south. New Hampshire_sentence_74

New Hampshire_table_general_2

Average daily maximum and minimum temperatures for selected cities in New HampshireNew Hampshire_table_caption_2
LocationNew Hampshire_header_cell_2_0_0 July (°F)New Hampshire_header_cell_2_0_1 July (°C)New Hampshire_header_cell_2_0_2 January (°F)New Hampshire_header_cell_2_0_3 January (°C)New Hampshire_header_cell_2_0_4
ManchesterNew Hampshire_cell_2_1_0 82/64New Hampshire_cell_2_1_1 28/17New Hampshire_cell_2_1_2 33/15New Hampshire_cell_2_1_3 0/−9New Hampshire_cell_2_1_4
NashuaNew Hampshire_cell_2_2_0 82/59New Hampshire_cell_2_2_1 28/15New Hampshire_cell_2_2_2 33/12New Hampshire_cell_2_2_3 0/−11New Hampshire_cell_2_2_4
ConcordNew Hampshire_cell_2_3_0 82/57New Hampshire_cell_2_3_1 28/14New Hampshire_cell_2_3_2 30/10New Hampshire_cell_2_3_3 −1/−12New Hampshire_cell_2_3_4
PortsmouthNew Hampshire_cell_2_4_0 79/61New Hampshire_cell_2_4_1 26/16New Hampshire_cell_2_4_2 32/16New Hampshire_cell_2_4_3 0/−9New Hampshire_cell_2_4_4
KeeneNew Hampshire_cell_2_5_0 82/56New Hampshire_cell_2_5_1 28/13New Hampshire_cell_2_5_2 31/9New Hampshire_cell_2_5_3 −1/−12New Hampshire_cell_2_5_4
LaconiaNew Hampshire_cell_2_6_0 81/60New Hampshire_cell_2_6_1 27/16New Hampshire_cell_2_6_2 30/11New Hampshire_cell_2_6_3 −1/−11New Hampshire_cell_2_6_4
LebanonNew Hampshire_cell_2_7_0 82/58New Hampshire_cell_2_7_1 28/14New Hampshire_cell_2_7_2 30/8New Hampshire_cell_2_7_3 −1/−13New Hampshire_cell_2_7_4

Metropolitan areas New Hampshire_section_3

For a more comprehensive list, see List of cities and towns in New Hampshire. New Hampshire_sentence_75

Metropolitan areas in the New England region are defined by the U.S. New Hampshire_sentence_76 Census Bureau as New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs). New Hampshire_sentence_77

The following is a list of NECTAs fully or partially in New Hampshire: New Hampshire_sentence_78

History New Hampshire_section_4

Main article: History of New Hampshire New Hampshire_sentence_79

Demographics New Hampshire_section_5

Population New Hampshire_section_6

The United States Census Bureau estimates the population of New Hampshire was 1,359,711 on July 1, 2019, a 3.28% increase since the 2010 United States Census. New Hampshire_sentence_80

The center of population of New Hampshire is in Merrimack County, in the town of Pembroke. New Hampshire_sentence_81

The center of population has moved south 12 miles (19 km) since 1950, a reflection of the fact the state's fastest growth has been along its southern border, which is within commuting range of Boston and other Massachusetts cities. New Hampshire_sentence_82

The most densely populated areas generally lie within 50 miles (80 km) of the Massachusetts border, and are concentrated in two areas: along the Merrimack River Valley running from Concord to Nashua, and in the Seacoast Region along an axis stretching from Rochester to Portsmouth. New Hampshire_sentence_83

Outside of those two regions, only one community, the city of Keene, has a population over 20,000. New Hampshire_sentence_84

The four counties covering these two areas account for 72% of the state population, and one (Hillsborough) has nearly 30% of the state population, as well as the two most populous communities, Manchester and Nashua. New Hampshire_sentence_85

The northern portion of the state is very sparsely populated: the largest county by area, Coos, covers the northern one-fourth of the state and has only around 31,000 people, about a third of whom live in a single community (Berlin). New Hampshire_sentence_86

The trends over the past several decades have been for the population to shift southward, as many northern communities lack the economic base to maintain their populations, while southern communities have been absorbed by the Greater Boston metropolis. New Hampshire_sentence_87

As of the 2010 Census, the population of New Hampshire was 1,316,470. New Hampshire_sentence_88

The gender makeup of the state was 49.3% male and 50.7% female. New Hampshire_sentence_89

21.8% of the population were under the age of 18; 64.6% were between the ages of 18 and 64; and 13.5% were 65 years of age or older. New Hampshire_sentence_90

The racial makeup of New Hampshire as of the 2010 Census was: New Hampshire_sentence_91

New Hampshire_unordered_list_0

New Hampshire_table_general_3

New Hampshire Racial Breakdown of PopulationNew Hampshire_table_caption_3
Racial compositionNew Hampshire_header_cell_3_0_0 1990New Hampshire_header_cell_3_0_1 2000New Hampshire_header_cell_3_0_2 2010New Hampshire_header_cell_3_0_3
WhiteNew Hampshire_cell_3_1_0 98.0%New Hampshire_cell_3_1_1 96.0%New Hampshire_cell_3_1_2 93.9%New Hampshire_cell_3_1_3
Black or African AmericanNew Hampshire_cell_3_2_0 0.6%New Hampshire_cell_3_2_1 0.7%New Hampshire_cell_3_2_2 1.1%New Hampshire_cell_3_2_3
American Indian and Alaska NativeNew Hampshire_cell_3_3_0 0.2%New Hampshire_cell_3_3_1 0.2%New Hampshire_cell_3_3_2 0.2%New Hampshire_cell_3_3_3
AsianNew Hampshire_cell_3_4_0 0.8%New Hampshire_cell_3_4_1 1.3%New Hampshire_cell_3_4_2 2.2%New Hampshire_cell_3_4_3
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific IslanderNew Hampshire_cell_3_5_0 New Hampshire_cell_3_5_1 New Hampshire_cell_3_5_2 0.0%New Hampshire_cell_3_5_3
Other raceNew Hampshire_cell_3_6_0 0.3%New Hampshire_cell_3_6_1 0.6%New Hampshire_cell_3_6_2 0.9%New Hampshire_cell_3_6_3
Two or more racesNew Hampshire_cell_3_7_0 New Hampshire_cell_3_7_1 1.1%New Hampshire_cell_3_7_2 1.6%New Hampshire_cell_3_7_3

Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.8% of the population in 2010: 0.6% were of Mexican, 0.9% Puerto Rican, 0.1% Cuban, and 1.2% other Hispanic or Latino origin. New Hampshire_sentence_92

According to the 2012–2017 American Community Survey, the largest ancestry groups in the state were Irish (20.6%), English (16.5%), French (14.0%), Italian (10.4%), German (9.1%), French Canadian (8.9%), and American (4.8%). New Hampshire_sentence_93

New Hampshire has the highest percentage (22.9%) of residents with French/French-Canadian/Acadian ancestry of any U.S. state. New Hampshire_sentence_94

According to the Census Bureau's American Community Survey estimates from 2017, 2.1% of the population aged 5 and older speak Spanish at home, while 1.8% speak French. New Hampshire_sentence_95

In Coos County, 9.6% of the population speaks French at home, down from 16% in 2000. New Hampshire_sentence_96

Birth data New Hampshire_section_7

Note: Percentages in table do not add up to 100, because Hispanics are counted both by their ethnicity and by their race, giving a higher overall number. New Hampshire_sentence_97

New Hampshire_table_general_4

Live Births by Single Race/Ethnicity of MotherNew Hampshire_table_caption_4
RaceNew Hampshire_header_cell_4_0_0 2013New Hampshire_header_cell_4_0_1 2014New Hampshire_header_cell_4_0_2 2015New Hampshire_header_cell_4_0_3 2016New Hampshire_header_cell_4_0_4 2017New Hampshire_header_cell_4_0_5 2018New Hampshire_header_cell_4_0_6
White:New Hampshire_cell_4_1_0 11,570 (93.3%)New Hampshire_cell_4_1_1 11,494 (93.4%)New Hampshire_cell_4_1_2 11,600 (93.3%)New Hampshire_cell_4_1_3 ...New Hampshire_cell_4_1_4 ...New Hampshire_cell_4_1_5 ...New Hampshire_cell_4_1_6
> Non-Hispanic WhiteNew Hampshire_cell_4_2_0 11,064 (89.2%)New Hampshire_cell_4_2_1 10,917 (88.7%)New Hampshire_cell_4_2_2 10,928 (87.9%)New Hampshire_cell_4_2_3 10,641 (86.7%)New Hampshire_cell_4_2_4 10,524 (86.9%)New Hampshire_cell_4_2_5 10,317 (86.0%)New Hampshire_cell_4_2_6
AsianNew Hampshire_cell_4_3_0 485 (3.9%)New Hampshire_cell_4_3_1 528 (4.3%)New Hampshire_cell_4_3_2 527 (4.2%)New Hampshire_cell_4_3_3 504 (4.1%)New Hampshire_cell_4_3_4 479 (4.0%)New Hampshire_cell_4_3_5 472 (3.9%)New Hampshire_cell_4_3_6
BlackNew Hampshire_cell_4_4_0 316 (2.5%)New Hampshire_cell_4_4_1 259 (2.1%)New Hampshire_cell_4_4_2 280 (2.3%)New Hampshire_cell_4_4_3 208 (1.7%)New Hampshire_cell_4_4_4 234 (1.9%)New Hampshire_cell_4_4_5 241 (2.0%)New Hampshire_cell_4_4_6
American IndianNew Hampshire_cell_4_5_0 25 (0.2%)New Hampshire_cell_4_5_1 21 (0.2%)New Hampshire_cell_4_5_2 26 (0.2%)New Hampshire_cell_4_5_3 8 (0.0%)New Hampshire_cell_4_5_4 26 (0.2%)New Hampshire_cell_4_5_5 13 (0.1%)New Hampshire_cell_4_5_6
Hispanic (of any race)New Hampshire_cell_4_6_0 513 (4.1%)New Hampshire_cell_4_6_1 591 (4.8%)New Hampshire_cell_4_6_2 638 (5.1%)New Hampshire_cell_4_6_3 697 (5.7%)New Hampshire_cell_4_6_4 673 (5.6%)New Hampshire_cell_4_6_5 745 (6.2%)New Hampshire_cell_4_6_6
Total New HampshireNew Hampshire_cell_4_7_0 12,396 (100%)New Hampshire_cell_4_7_1 12,302 (100%)New Hampshire_cell_4_7_2 12,433 (100%)New Hampshire_cell_4_7_3 12,267 (100%)New Hampshire_cell_4_7_4 12,116 (100%)New Hampshire_cell_4_7_5 11,995 (100%)New Hampshire_cell_4_7_6

New Hampshire_unordered_list_1

  • Since 2016, data for births of White Hispanic origin are not collected, but included in one Hispanic group; persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.New Hampshire_item_1_7

Religion New Hampshire_section_8

A Pew survey showed that the religious affiliations of the people of New Hampshire was as follows: Protestant 30%, Catholic 26%, LDS (Mormon) 1%, Jewish 1%, Jehovah's Witness 2% and non-religious at 36%. New Hampshire_sentence_98

A survey suggests people in New Hampshire and Vermont are less likely than other Americans to attend weekly services and only 54% say they are "absolutely certain there is a God" compared to 71% in the rest of the nation. New Hampshire_sentence_99

New Hampshire and Vermont are also at the lowest levels among states in religious commitment. New Hampshire_sentence_100

In 2012, 23% of New Hampshire residents in a Gallup poll considered themselves "very religious", while 52% considered themselves "non-religious". New Hampshire_sentence_101

According to the Association of Religion Data Archives (ARDA) the largest denominations are the Catholic Church with 311,028 members; The United Church of Christ with 26,321 members; and the United Methodist Church with 18,029 members. New Hampshire_sentence_102

In 2016, a Gallup Poll found that New Hampshire was the least religious state in the United States. New Hampshire_sentence_103

Only 20% of respondents in New Hampshire categorized themselves as "very religious", while the nationwide average was 40%. New Hampshire_sentence_104

Economy New Hampshire_section_9

Further information: New Hampshire locations by per capita income New Hampshire_sentence_105

New Hampshire_unordered_list_2

  • Total employment (2016): 594,243New Hampshire_item_2_8
  • Number of employer establishments: 37,868New Hampshire_item_2_9

The Bureau of Economic Analysis estimates that New Hampshire's total state product in 2018 was $86 billion, ranking 40th in the United States. New Hampshire_sentence_106

Median household income in 2017 was $74,801, the fourth highest in the country (including Washington, DC). New Hampshire_sentence_107

Its agricultural outputs are dairy products, nursery stock, cattle, apples and eggs. New Hampshire_sentence_108

Its industrial outputs are machinery, electric equipment, rubber and plastic products, and tourism is a major component of the economy. New Hampshire_sentence_109

New Hampshire experienced a major shift in its economic base during the 20th century. New Hampshire_sentence_110

Historically, the base was composed of traditional New England textiles, shoe making, and small machine shops, drawing upon low-wage labor from nearby small farms and from parts of Quebec. New Hampshire_sentence_111

Today, of the state's total manufacturing dollar value, these sectors contribute only two percent for textiles, two percent for leather goods, and nine percent for machining. New Hampshire_sentence_112

They experienced a sharp decline due to obsolete plants and the lure of cheaper wages in the Southern United States. New Hampshire_sentence_113

New Hampshire today has a broad-based and growing economy, with a state GDP growth rate of 2.2% in 2018. New Hampshire_sentence_114

The state's largest economic sectors in 2018, based on contribution to GDP, are: 15% real estate and rental and leasing; 13% professional business services; 12% manufacturing; 10% government and government services; and 9% health care and social services. New Hampshire_sentence_115

The state's budget in FY2018 was $5.97 billion, including $1.79 billion in federal funds. New Hampshire_sentence_116

The issue of taxation is controversial in New Hampshire, which has a property tax (subject to municipal control) but no broad sales tax or income tax. New Hampshire_sentence_117

The state does have narrower taxes on meals, lodging, vehicles, business and investment income, and tolls on state roads. New Hampshire_sentence_118

According to the Energy Information Administration, New Hampshire's energy consumption and per capita energy consumption are among the lowest in the country. New Hampshire_sentence_119

The Seabrook Station Nuclear Power Plant, near Portsmouth, is the largest nuclear reactor in New England and provided 57% of New Hampshire's electricity generation and 27% of its electricity consumption in 2017. New Hampshire_sentence_120

In 2016 and 2017, New Hampshire obtained more of its electricity generation from wind power than coal-fired power plants. New Hampshire_sentence_121

Approximately 32% of New Hampshire's electricity consumption came from renewable resources (including nuclear, hydroelectric, wind, and other renewable resources). New Hampshire_sentence_122

New Hampshire was a net exporter of electricity, exporting 63 trillion British thermal units (18 TWh). New Hampshire_sentence_123

New Hampshire's residential electricity use is low compared with the national average, in part because demand for air conditioning is low during the generally mild summer months and because few households use electricity as their primary energy source for home heating. New Hampshire_sentence_124

Nearly half of New Hampshire households use fuel oil for winter heating, which is one of the largest shares in the United States. New Hampshire_sentence_125

New Hampshire has potential for renewable energies like wind power, hydroelectricity, and wood fuel. New Hampshire_sentence_126

The state has no general sales tax and no personal state income tax (the state does tax, at a five percent rate, income from dividends and interest), and the legislature has exercised fiscal restraint. New Hampshire_sentence_127

Efforts to diversify the state's general economy have been ongoing. New Hampshire_sentence_128

New Hampshire's lack of a broad-based tax system has resulted in the state's local communities having some of the nation's highest property taxes. New Hampshire_sentence_129

However, the state's overall tax burden is relatively low; in 2010 New Hampshire ranked 44th highest among states in combined average state and local tax burden. New Hampshire_sentence_130

As of February 2010, the state's unemployment rate was 7.1%. New Hampshire_sentence_131

By October 2010, the unemployment rate had dropped to 5.4%. New Hampshire_sentence_132

The (preliminary) seasonally unemployment rate in April 2019 was 2.4% based on a 767,500 person civilian workforce with 749,000 people in employment. New Hampshire_sentence_133

New Hampshire's workforce is 90% in nonfarm employment, with 18% employed in trade, transportation, and utilities; 17% in education and health care; 12% in government; 11% in professional and business services; and 10% in leisure and hospitality. New Hampshire_sentence_134

According to a 2013 study by Phoenix Marketing International, New Hampshire had the eighth-highest percentage of millionaire households in the United States, at 6.48% of all households. New Hampshire_sentence_135

In 2013, New Hampshire also had the nation's lowest poverty rate at just 8.7% of all residents, according to the Census Bureau. New Hampshire_sentence_136

Largest employers New Hampshire_section_10

In March 2018, 86% of New Hampshire's workforce were employed by the private sector, with 53% of those workers being employed by firms with less than 100 employees. New Hampshire_sentence_137

About 14% of private sector employees are employed by firms with more than 1,000 employees. New Hampshire_sentence_138

According to community surveys by the Economic & Labor Market Information Bureau of NH Employment Security, the following are the largest private employers in the state: New Hampshire_sentence_139

New Hampshire_table_general_5

EmployerNew Hampshire_header_cell_5_0_0 Location (base)New Hampshire_header_cell_5_0_1 EmployeesNew Hampshire_header_cell_5_0_2
Dartmouth–Hitchcock Medical CenterNew Hampshire_cell_5_1_0 LebanonNew Hampshire_cell_5_1_1 7,000New Hampshire_cell_5_1_2
Fidelity InvestmentsNew Hampshire_cell_5_2_0 MerrimackNew Hampshire_cell_5_2_1 6,000New Hampshire_cell_5_2_2
BAE Systems North AmericaNew Hampshire_cell_5_3_0 NashuaNew Hampshire_cell_5_3_1 4,700New Hampshire_cell_5_3_2
Liberty MutualNew Hampshire_cell_5_4_0 DoverNew Hampshire_cell_5_4_1 3,800New Hampshire_cell_5_4_2
Elliot HospitalNew Hampshire_cell_5_5_0 ManchesterNew Hampshire_cell_5_5_1 3,800New Hampshire_cell_5_5_2
Dartmouth CollegeNew Hampshire_cell_5_6_0 HanoverNew Hampshire_cell_5_6_1 3,500New Hampshire_cell_5_6_2
Southern New Hampshire UniversityNew Hampshire_cell_5_7_0 ManchesterNew Hampshire_cell_5_7_1 3,200New Hampshire_cell_5_7_2
Capital Regional Health CareNew Hampshire_cell_5_8_0 ConcordNew Hampshire_cell_5_8_1 3,000New Hampshire_cell_5_8_2
Catholic Medical CenterNew Hampshire_cell_5_9_0 ManchesterNew Hampshire_cell_5_9_1 2,300New Hampshire_cell_5_9_2
Southern New Hampshire Health SystemNew Hampshire_cell_5_10_0 NashuaNew Hampshire_cell_5_10_1 2,200New Hampshire_cell_5_10_2

New Hampshire's state government employs approximately 6,100 people. New Hampshire_sentence_140

Additionally, the U.S. New Hampshire_sentence_141 Department of State employs approximately 1,600 people at the National Visa Center in Portsmouth, which processes United States immigrant visa petitions. New Hampshire_sentence_142

Law and government New Hampshire_section_11

Main article: Government of New Hampshire New Hampshire_sentence_143

The governor of New Hampshire, since January 5, 2017, is Chris Sununu (Republican). New Hampshire_sentence_144

New Hampshire's two U.S. senators are Jeanne Shaheen and Maggie Hassan (both Democrats), both of whom are former governors. New Hampshire_sentence_145

New Hampshire's two U.S. representatives as of January 2019 are Chris Pappas and Ann McLane Kuster (both Democrats). New Hampshire_sentence_146

New Hampshire is an alcoholic beverage control state, and through the State Liquor Commission it takes in $100 million from the sale and distribution of liquor. New Hampshire_sentence_147

New Hampshire is the only state in the U.S. that does not require adults to wear seat belts in their vehicles. New Hampshire_sentence_148

It is one of three states that have no mandatory helmet law. New Hampshire_sentence_149

Governing documents New Hampshire_section_12

Main article: Law of New Hampshire New Hampshire_sentence_150

The New Hampshire State Constitution of 1783 is the supreme law of the state, followed by the New Hampshire Revised Statutes Annotated and the New Hampshire Code of Administrative Rules. New Hampshire_sentence_151

These are roughly analogous to the federal United States Constitution, United States Code and Code of Federal Regulations respectively. New Hampshire_sentence_152

Branches of government New Hampshire_section_13

New Hampshire has a bifurcated executive branch, consisting of the governor and a five-member executive council which votes on state contracts worth more than $5,000 and "advises and consents" to the governor's nominations to major state positions such as department heads and all judgeships and pardon requests. New Hampshire_sentence_153

New Hampshire does not have a lieutenant governor; the Senate president serves as "acting governor" whenever the governor is unable to perform the duties. New Hampshire_sentence_154

The legislature is called the General Court. New Hampshire_sentence_155

It consists of the House of Representatives and the Senate. New Hampshire_sentence_156

There are 400 representatives, making it one of the largest elected bodies in the English-speaking world, and 24 senators. New Hampshire_sentence_157

Legislators are paid a nominal salary of $200 per year, the lowest in the U.S. by far, thus most are effectively volunteers, nearly half of which are retirees. New Hampshire_sentence_158

(For details, see the article on Government of New Hampshire.) New Hampshire_sentence_159

The state's sole appellate court is the New Hampshire Supreme Court. New Hampshire_sentence_160

The Superior Court is the court of general jurisdiction and the only court which provides for jury trials in civil or criminal cases. New Hampshire_sentence_161

The other state courts are the Probate Court, District Court, and the Family Division. New Hampshire_sentence_162

Local government New Hampshire_section_14

New Hampshire has 10 counties and 234 cities and towns. New Hampshire_sentence_163

New Hampshire is a "Dillon Rule" state, meaning the state retains all powers not specifically granted to municipalities. New Hampshire_sentence_164

Even so, the legislature strongly favors local control, particularly with regard to land use regulations. New Hampshire_sentence_165

New Hampshire municipalities are classified as towns or cities, which differ primarily by the form of government. New Hampshire_sentence_166

Most towns generally operate on the town meeting form of government, where the registered voters in the town act as the town legislature, and a board of selectmen acts as the executive of the town. New Hampshire_sentence_167

Larger towns and the state's thirteen cities operate either on a council–manager or council–mayor form of government. New Hampshire_sentence_168

There is no difference, from the state government's point of view, between towns and cities besides the form of government. New Hampshire_sentence_169

All state-level statutes treat all municipalities identically. New Hampshire_sentence_170

New Hampshire has a small number of unincorporated areas that are titled as grants, locations, purchases, or townships. New Hampshire_sentence_171

These locations have limited to no self-government, and services are generally provided for them by neighboring towns or the county or state where needed. New Hampshire_sentence_172

As of the 2000 census, there were 25 of these left in New Hampshire, accounting for a total population of 173 people (as of 2000); several were entirely depopulated. New Hampshire_sentence_173

All but two of these unincorporated areas are in Coos County. New Hampshire_sentence_174

Politics New Hampshire_section_15

Main article: Politics of New Hampshire New Hampshire_sentence_175

The Democratic Party and the Republican Party are the two largest parties in the state. New Hampshire_sentence_176

A plurality of voters are registered as undeclared, and can choose either ballot in the primary and then regain their undeclared status after voting. New Hampshire_sentence_177

The Libertarian Party had official party status from 1990 to 1996. New Hampshire_sentence_178

There is also a program known as the Free State Project with the goal of turning New Hampshire into a libertarian stronghold by suggesting that libertarians move there so they can concentrate their power. New Hampshire_sentence_179

The Libertarian Party regained ballot access after the 2016 election because the gubernatorial candidate received more than four percent of the vote. New Hampshire_sentence_180

As of February 5, 2016, there were 882,959 registered voters, of whom 389,472 (44.1%) did not declare a political party affiliation, 262,111 (29.7%) were Republican, and 231,376 (26.2%) were Democratic. New Hampshire_sentence_181

New Hampshire primary New Hampshire_section_16

New Hampshire is internationally known for the New Hampshire primary, the first primary in the quadrennial American presidential election cycle. New Hampshire_sentence_182

State law requires that the Secretary of State schedule this election at least one week before any "similar event". New Hampshire_sentence_183

However, the Iowa caucus has preceded the New Hampshire primary. New Hampshire_sentence_184

This primary, as the nation's first contest that uses the same procedure as the general election, draws more attention than those in other states, and it has been decisive in shaping the national contest. New Hampshire_sentence_185

State law permits a town with fewer than 100 residents to open its polls at midnight, and close when all registered citizens have cast their ballots. New Hampshire_sentence_186

As such, the communities of Dixville Notch in Coos County and Hart's Location in Carroll County, among others, have chosen to implement these provisions. New Hampshire_sentence_187

Dixville Notch and Hart's Location are traditionally the first places in both New Hampshire and the U.S. to vote in presidential primaries and elections. New Hampshire_sentence_188

Nominations for all other partisan offices are decided in a separate primary election. New Hampshire_sentence_189

In Presidential election cycles, this is the second primary election held in New Hampshire. New Hampshire_sentence_190

Saint Anselm College in Goffstown has become a popular campaign spot for politicians as well as several national presidential debates because of its proximity to Manchester-Boston Regional Airport. New Hampshire_sentence_191

Elections New Hampshire_section_17

Main article: Elections in New Hampshire New Hampshire_sentence_192

Further information: United States presidential elections in New Hampshire New Hampshire_sentence_193

In the past, New Hampshire has often voted Republican. New Hampshire_sentence_194

Between 1856 and 1988, New Hampshire cast its electoral votes for the Democratic presidential ticket six times: Woodrow Wilson (twice), Franklin D. Roosevelt (three times), and Lyndon B. Johnson (once). New Hampshire_sentence_195

Beginning in 1992, New Hampshire became a swing state in both national and local elections. New Hampshire_sentence_196

The state supported Democrats Bill Clinton in 1992 and 1996, John Kerry in 2004, Barack Obama in 2008 and 2012, and Hillary Clinton in 2016. New Hampshire_sentence_197

It was the only state in the country to switch from supporting Republican George W. Bush in the 2000 election to supporting his Democratic challenger in the 2004 election, when John Kerry, a senator from neighboring Massachusetts, won the state. New Hampshire_sentence_198

Donald Trump very narrowly lost the state in 2016. New Hampshire_sentence_199

The Democrats dominated elections in New Hampshire in 2006 and 2008. New Hampshire_sentence_200

In 2006, Democrats won both congressional seats (electing Carol Shea-Porter in the first district and Paul Hodes in the second), re-elected Governor John Lynch, and gained a majority on the Executive Council and in both houses for the first time since 1911. New Hampshire_sentence_201

Democrats had not held both the legislature and the governorship since 1874. New Hampshire_sentence_202

Neither U.S. Senate seat was up for a vote in 2006. New Hampshire_sentence_203

In 2008, Democrats retained their majorities, governorship, and Congressional seats; and former governor Jeanne Shaheen defeated incumbent Republican John E. Sununu for the U.S. Senate in a rematch of the 2002 contest. New Hampshire_sentence_204

The 2008 elections resulted in women holding a majority, 13 of the 24 seats, in the New Hampshire Senate, a first for any legislative body in the United States. New Hampshire_sentence_205

In the 2010 midterm elections, Republicans made historic gains in New Hampshire, capturing veto-proof majorities in the state legislature, taking all five seats in the Executive Council, electing a new U.S. senator, Kelly Ayotte, winning both U.S. House seats, and reducing the margin of victory of incumbent Governor John Lynch compared to his 2006 and 2008 landslide wins. New Hampshire_sentence_206

In the 2012 state legislative elections, Democrats took back the New Hampshire House of Representatives and narrowed the Republican majority in the New Hampshire Senate to 13–11. New Hampshire_sentence_207

In 2012, New Hampshire became the first state in U.S. history to elect an all-female federal delegation: Democratic Congresswomen Carol Shea-Porter of Congressional District 1 and Ann McLane Kuster of Congressional District 2 accompanied U.S. New Hampshire_sentence_208

Senators Jeanne Shaheen and Kelly Ayotte in 2013. New Hampshire_sentence_209

Further, the state elected its second female governor: Democrat Maggie Hassan. New Hampshire_sentence_210

In the 2014 elections, Republicans retook the New Hampshire House of Representatives with a 239–160 majority and expanded their majority in the New Hampshire Senate to 14 of the Senate's 24 seats. New Hampshire_sentence_211

On the national level, incumbent Democratic Senator Jeanne Shaheen defeated her Republican challenger, former Massachusetts senator Scott Brown. New Hampshire_sentence_212

New Hampshire also elected Frank Guinta (R) for its First Congressional District representative and Ann Kuster (D) for its Second Congressional District representative. New Hampshire_sentence_213

In the 2016 elections, Republicans held the New Hampshire House of Representatives with a majority of 220–175, and held onto their 14 seats in the New Hampshire Senate. New Hampshire_sentence_214

In the gubernatorial race, retiring Governor Maggie Hassan was succeeded by Republican Chris Sununu, who defeated Democratic nominee Colin Van Ostern. New Hampshire_sentence_215

Sununu became the state's first Republican governor since Craig Benson, who left office in 2005 following defeat by John Lynch. New Hampshire_sentence_216

Republicans control the governor's office and both chambers of the state legislature, a governing trifecta in which the Republicans have full governing power. New Hampshire_sentence_217

In the presidential race, the state voted for the Democratic nominee, former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton over the Republican nominee, Donald Trump, by a margin of 2,736 votes, or 0.3%, one of the closest results the state has ever seen in a presidential race, while Libertarian nominee Gary Johnson received 4.12% of the vote. New Hampshire_sentence_218

The Democrats also won a competitive race in the Second Congressional District, as well as a competitive senate race. New Hampshire_sentence_219

New Hampshire's congressional delegation currently consists of exclusively Democrats. New Hampshire_sentence_220

In the 116th United States Congress, it is one of only eight states with an entirely Democratic delegation, five of which are in New England (the others are Delaware, Hawaii, and New Mexico). New Hampshire_sentence_221

Transportation New Hampshire_section_18

Highways New Hampshire_section_19

Main article: New Hampshire Highway System New Hampshire_sentence_222

New Hampshire has a well-maintained, well-signed network of Interstate highways, U.S. highways, and state highways. New Hampshire_sentence_223

State highway markers still depict the Old Man of the Mountain despite that rock formation's demise in 2003. New Hampshire_sentence_224

Several route numbers align with the same route numbers in neighboring states. New Hampshire_sentence_225

State highway numbering is arbitrary, with no overall system as with U.S. and Interstate systems. New Hampshire_sentence_226

Major routes include: New Hampshire_sentence_227

New Hampshire_unordered_list_3

  • Interstate 89 runs northwest from near Concord to Lebanon on the Vermont border.New Hampshire_item_3_10
  • Interstate 93 is the main Interstate highway in New Hampshire and runs north from Salem (on the Massachusetts border) to Littleton (on the Vermont border). I-93 connects the more densely populated southern part of the state to the Lakes Region and the White Mountains further to the north.New Hampshire_item_3_11
  • Interstate 95 runs north–south briefly along New Hampshire's seacoast to serve the city of Portsmouth, before entering MaineNew Hampshire_item_3_12
  • U.S. Route 1 runs north–south briefly along New Hampshire's seacoast to the east of and paralleling I-95.New Hampshire_item_3_13
  • U.S. Route 2 runs east–west through Coos County from Maine, intersecting Route 16, skirting the White Mountain National Forest passing through Jefferson and into Vermont.New Hampshire_item_3_14
  • U.S. Route 3 is the longest numbered route in the state, and the only one to run completely through the state from the Massachusetts border to the Canada–U.S. border. It generally parallels Interstate 93. South of Manchester, it takes a more westerly route through Nashua. North of Franconia Notch, U.S. 3 takes a more easterly route, before terminating at the Canada–U.S. border.New Hampshire_item_3_15
  • U.S. Route 4 terminates at the Portsmouth Traffic Circle and runs east–west across the southern part of the state connecting Durham, Concord, Boscawen and Lebanon.New Hampshire_item_3_16
  • New Hampshire Route 16 is a major north–south highway in the eastern part of the state that generally parallels the border with Maine, eventually entering Maine as Maine Route 16. The southernmost portion of NH 16 is a four-lane freeway, co-signed with U.S. Route 4.New Hampshire_item_3_17
  • New Hampshire Route 101 is a major east–west highway in the southern part of the state that connects Keene with Manchester and the Seacoast region. East of Manchester, NH 101 is a four-lane, limited access highway that runs to Hampton Beach and I-95.New Hampshire_item_3_18

Air New Hampshire_section_20

For a more comprehensive list, see List of airports in New Hampshire. New Hampshire_sentence_228

New Hampshire has 25 public-use airports, three with some scheduled commercial passenger service. New Hampshire_sentence_229

The busiest airport by number of passengers handled is Manchester-Boston Regional Airport in Manchester and Londonderry, which serves the Greater Boston metropolitan area. New Hampshire_sentence_230

Public transportation New Hampshire_section_21

Long-distance intercity passenger rail service is provided by Amtrak's Vermonter and Downeaster lines. New Hampshire_sentence_231

Greyhound, Concord Coach, Vermont Translines and Dartmouth Coach all provide intercity bus connections to and from points in New Hampshire and to long-distance points beyond and in between. New Hampshire_sentence_232

As of 2013, Boston-centered MBTA Commuter Rail services reach only as far as northern Massachusetts. New Hampshire_sentence_233

The New Hampshire Rail Transit Authority is working to extend "Capital Corridor" service from Lowell, Massachusetts, to Nashua, Concord, and Manchester, including Manchester-Boston Regional Airport; and "Coastal Corridor" service from Haverhill, Massachusetts, to Plaistow, New Hampshire. New Hampshire_sentence_234

Legislation in 2007 created the New Hampshire Rail Transit Authority (NHRTA) with the goal of overseeing the development of commuter rail in the state of New Hampshire. New Hampshire_sentence_235

In 2011, Governor John Lynch vetoed HB 218, a bill passed by Republican lawmakers, which would have drastically curtailed the powers and responsibilities of NHRTA. New Hampshire_sentence_236

The I-93 Corridor transit study suggested a rail alternative along the Manchester and Lawrence branch line which could provide freight and passenger service. New Hampshire_sentence_237

This rail corridor would also have access to Manchester-Boston Regional Airport. New Hampshire_sentence_238

Eleven public transit authorities operate local and regional bus services around the state, and eight private carriers operate express bus services which link with the national intercity bus network. New Hampshire_sentence_239

The New Hampshire Department of Transportation operates a statewide ride-sharing match service, in addition to independent ride matching and guaranteed ride home programs. New Hampshire_sentence_240

Tourist railroads include the Conway Scenic Railroad, Hobo-Winnipesaukee Railroad, and the Mount Washington Cog Railway. New Hampshire_sentence_241

Freight railways New Hampshire_section_22

For a more comprehensive list, see List of New Hampshire railroads. New Hampshire_sentence_242

Freight railways in New Hampshire include Claremont & Concord Railroad (CCRR), Pan Am Railways via subsidiary Springfield Terminal Railway (ST), the New England Central Railroad (NHCR), the St. New Hampshire_sentence_243 Lawrence and Atlantic Railroad (SLR), and New Hampshire Northcoast Corporation (NHN). New Hampshire_sentence_244

Education New Hampshire_section_23

High schools New Hampshire_section_24

For a more comprehensive list, see List of high schools in New Hampshire. New Hampshire_sentence_245

The first public high schools in the state were the Boys' High School and the Girls' High School of Portsmouth, established either in 1827 or 1830 depending on the source. New Hampshire_sentence_246

New Hampshire has more than 80 public high schools, many of which serve more than one town. New Hampshire_sentence_247

The largest is Pinkerton Academy in Derry, which is owned by a private non-profit organization and serves as the public high school of a number of neighboring towns. New Hampshire_sentence_248

There are at least 30 private high schools in the state. New Hampshire_sentence_249

New Hampshire is also the home of several prestigious university-preparatory schools, such as Phillips Exeter Academy, St. Paul's School, Proctor Academy, Brewster Academy, and Kimball Union Academy. New Hampshire_sentence_250

In 2008 the state tied with Massachusetts as having the highest scores on the SAT and ACT standardized tests given to high school students. New Hampshire_sentence_251

Colleges and universities New Hampshire_section_25

For a more comprehensive list, see List of colleges and universities in New Hampshire. New Hampshire_sentence_252

New Hampshire_unordered_list_4

Media New Hampshire_section_26

Daily newspapers New Hampshire_section_27

For a more comprehensive list, see List of newspapers in New Hampshire. New Hampshire_sentence_253

Other publications New Hampshire_section_28

New Hampshire_unordered_list_5

  • Area News GroupNew Hampshire_item_5_50
  • Business New Hampshire MagazineNew Hampshire_item_5_51
  • The Cabinet PressNew Hampshire_item_5_52
    • Milford CabinetNew Hampshire_item_5_53
    • Bedford JournalNew Hampshire_item_5_54
    • Hollis/Brookline JournalNew Hampshire_item_5_55
    • Merrimack JournalNew Hampshire_item_5_56
  • Carriage Towne News (covering Kingston and surrounding towns)New Hampshire_item_5_57
  • The Exeter News-LetterNew Hampshire_item_5_58
  • The Hampton UnionNew Hampshire_item_5_59
  • Hippo Press (covering Manchester, Nashua and Concord)New Hampshire_item_5_60
  • Manchester ExpressNew Hampshire_item_5_61
  • Manchester Ink LinkNew Hampshire_item_5_62
  • The New Hampshire (University of New Hampshire student newspaper)New Hampshire_item_5_63
  • New Hampshire Business ReviewNew Hampshire_item_5_64
  • New Hampshire Free PressNew Hampshire_item_5_65
  • The New Hampshire Gazette (Portsmouth alternative biweekly)New Hampshire_item_5_66
  • NH Living MagazineNew Hampshire_item_5_67
  • NH RocksNew Hampshire_item_5_68
  • Salmon Press Newspapers (family of weekly newspapers covering Lakes Region & North Country)New Hampshire_item_5_69

Radio stations New Hampshire_section_29

For a more comprehensive list, see List of radio stations in New Hampshire. New Hampshire_sentence_254

Television stations New Hampshire_section_30

For a more comprehensive list, see List of television stations in New Hampshire. New Hampshire_sentence_255

New Hampshire_unordered_list_6

Sports New Hampshire_section_31

The following sports teams are based in New Hampshire: New Hampshire_sentence_256

New Hampshire_table_general_6

ClubNew Hampshire_header_cell_6_0_0 SportNew Hampshire_header_cell_6_0_1 VenueNew Hampshire_header_cell_6_0_2 LeagueNew Hampshire_header_cell_6_0_3 LevelNew Hampshire_header_cell_6_0_4 notesNew Hampshire_header_cell_6_0_5
Amoskeag Rugby ClubNew Hampshire_cell_6_1_0 Rugby UnionNew Hampshire_cell_6_1_1 Northeast Athletic Club, PembrokeNew Hampshire_cell_6_1_2 New England Rugby Football UnionNew Hampshire_cell_6_1_3 AmateurNew Hampshire_cell_6_1_4 New Hampshire_cell_6_1_5
Nashua Silver KnightsNew Hampshire_cell_6_2_0 BaseballNew Hampshire_cell_6_2_1 Holman Stadium, NashuaNew Hampshire_cell_6_2_2 Futures Collegiate Baseball LeagueNew Hampshire_cell_6_2_3 Collegiate summer baseballNew Hampshire_cell_6_2_4 New Hampshire_cell_6_2_5
New Hampshire Fisher CatsNew Hampshire_cell_6_3_0 BaseballNew Hampshire_cell_6_3_1 Northeast Delta Dental Stadium, ManchesterNew Hampshire_cell_6_3_2 Eastern LeagueNew Hampshire_cell_6_3_3 ProfessionalNew Hampshire_cell_6_3_4 Double-A affiliate of the Toronto Blue JaysNew Hampshire_cell_6_3_5
Seacoast United PhantomsNew Hampshire_cell_6_4_0 SoccerNew Hampshire_cell_6_4_1 Amesbury Sports ParkNew Hampshire_cell_6_4_2 USL League TwoNew Hampshire_cell_6_4_3 Semi-professionalNew Hampshire_cell_6_4_4 Based in Portsmouth, plays home games in nearby Amesbury, MassachusettsNew Hampshire_cell_6_4_5

The New Hampshire Motor Speedway in Loudon is an oval track and road course which has been visited by national motorsport championship series such as the NASCAR Cup Series, the NASCAR Xfinity Series, the NASCAR Camping World Truck Series, NASCAR Whelen Modified Tour, American Canadian Tour (ACT), the Champ Car and the IndyCar Series. New Hampshire_sentence_257

Other motor racing venues include Star Speedway and New England Dragway in Epping, Lee Speedway in Lee, Twin State Speedway in Claremont, Monadnock Speedway in Winchester and Canaan Fair Speedway in Canaan. New Hampshire_sentence_258

New Hampshire has two universities competing at the NCAA Division I in all collegiate sports: the Dartmouth Big Green (Ivy League) and the New Hampshire Wildcats (America East Conference), as well as three NCAA Division II teams: Franklin Pierce Ravens, Saint Anselm Hawks and Southern New Hampshire Penmen (Northeast-10 Conference). New Hampshire_sentence_259

Most other schools compete in NCAA Division III or the NAIA. New Hampshire_sentence_260

Annually since 2002, high-school statewide all-stars compete against Vermont in ten sports during "Twin State" playoffs. New Hampshire_sentence_261

Culture New Hampshire_section_32

In the spring, New Hampshire's many sap houses hold sugaring-off open houses. New Hampshire_sentence_262

In summer and early autumn, New Hampshire is home to many county fairs, the largest being the Hopkinton State Fair, in Contoocook. New Hampshire_sentence_263

New Hampshire's Lakes Region is home to many summer camps, especially around Lake Winnipesaukee, and is a popular tourist destination. New Hampshire_sentence_264

The Peterborough Players have performed every summer in Peterborough, New Hampshire since 1933. New Hampshire_sentence_265

The Barnstormers Theatre in Tamworth, New Hampshire, founded in 1931, is one of the longest-running professional summer theaters in the United States. New Hampshire_sentence_266

In September, New Hampshire is host to the New Hampshire Highland Games. New Hampshire_sentence_267

New Hampshire has also registered an official tartan with the proper authorities in Scotland, used to make kilts worn by the Lincoln Police Department while its officers serve during the games. New Hampshire_sentence_268

The fall foliage peaks in mid-October. New Hampshire_sentence_269

In the winter, New Hampshire's ski areas and snowmobile trails attract visitors from a wide area. New Hampshire_sentence_270

After the lakes freeze over they become dotted with ice fishing ice houses, known locally as bobhouses. New Hampshire_sentence_271

Funspot, the world's largest video arcade (now termed a museum), is in Laconia. New Hampshire_sentence_272

In fiction New Hampshire_section_33

Theater New Hampshire_section_34

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  • The fictional New Hampshire town of Grover's Corners serves as the setting of the Thornton Wilder play Our Town. Grover's Corners is based, in part, on the real town of Peterborough. Several local landmarks and nearby towns are mentioned in the text of the play, and Wilder himself spent some time in Peterborough at the MacDowell Colony, writing at least some of the play while in residence there.New Hampshire_item_7_74

Comics New Hampshire_section_35

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  • Al Capp, creator of the comic strip Li'l Abner, used to joke that Dogpatch, the setting for the strip, was based on Seabrook, where he would vacation with his wife.New Hampshire_item_8_75

Television New Hampshire_section_36

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  • In the penultimate episode of the AMC drama Breaking Bad ("Granite State") series lead Walter White escapes to a cabin in a fictional county in northern New Hampshire. ("Granite State" is a nickname for New Hampshire.) Additionally, the first episode of Season 5 ("Live Free or Die") has a non-linear opening that takes place immediately after the events of "Granite State". "Live Free or Die" is the state motto of New Hampshire and features on New Hampshire number plates, notably on the number plate of the car that Walter White steals in New Hampshire to make his journey back to New Mexico.New Hampshire_item_9_76
  • In the show The West Wing, President Bartlet is from New Hampshire, and the state features prominently in several episodes.New Hampshire_item_9_77

Notable residents or natives New Hampshire_section_37

For a more comprehensive list, see List of people from New Hampshire. New Hampshire_sentence_273

Prominent individuals from New Hampshire include founding father Nicholas Gilman, Senator Daniel Webster, Revolutionary War hero John Stark, editor Horace Greeley, founder of the Christian Science religion Mary Baker Eddy, poet Robert Frost, astronaut Alan Shepard, rock musician Ronnie James Dio, author Dan Brown, actor Adam Sandler, inventor Dean Kamen, comedians Sarah Silverman and Seth Meyers, restaurateurs Richard and Maurice McDonald, and President of the United States Franklin Pierce. New Hampshire_sentence_274

New Hampshire firsts New Hampshire_section_38

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  • On January 5, 1776 at Exeter, the Provincial Congress of New Hampshire ratified the first independent constitution in the Americas, free of British rule.New Hampshire_item_10_78
  • On June 12, 1800, Fernald's Island in the Piscataqua River became the first government-sanctioned U.S. Navy shipyard.New Hampshire_item_10_79
  • Started in 1822, Dublin's Juvenile Library was the first free public library.New Hampshire_item_10_80
  • In 1828, the first women's strike in the nation took place at Dover's Cocheco Mills.New Hampshire_item_10_81
  • Founded in 1833, the Peterborough Town Library was the first public library, supported with public funds, in the world.New Hampshire_item_10_82
  • On August 3, 1852, Center Harbor was the site of the first intercollegiate athletic event. Harvard defeated Yale in a 2-mile (3.2 km) rowing race on Lake Winnipesaukee, the first meeting in a rivalry that continues to this day.New Hampshire_item_10_83
  • Finished on June 27, 1874, the first trans-Atlantic telecommunications cable between Europe and America stretched from Balinskelligs Bay, Ireland, to Rye, New Hampshire.New Hampshire_item_10_84
  • On February 6, 1901, a group of nine conservationists founded the Society for the Protection of New Hampshire Forests, the first forest-conservation advocacy group in the U.S.New Hampshire_item_10_85
  • In 1908, Monsignor Pierre Hevey organized the nation's first credit union, "La Caisse Populaire, Ste-Marie" (The People's Bank) in Manchester, to help mill workers save and borrow money, which is now St. Mary's Bank.New Hampshire_item_10_86
  • In 1933, the League of New Hampshire Craftsmen held the first crafts fair in the nation.New Hampshire_item_10_87
  • In July 1944, the Bretton Woods Agreement, the first fully negotiated system intended to govern monetary relations among independent nation-states, was signed at the Mount Washington Hotel.New Hampshire_item_10_88
  • On May 5, 1961, Alan Shepard of Derry rode a Mercury spacecraft and became the first American in space.New Hampshire_item_10_89
  • In 1963, New Hampshire's legislature approved the nation's first modern state lottery, which began play in 1964.New Hampshire_item_10_90
  • In 1966, Ralph Baer of Sanders Associates, Inc., Nashua, recruited engineers to develop the first home video game.New Hampshire_item_10_91
  • Christa McAuliffe of Concord became the first private citizen selected to venture into space. She perished with her six Challenger crewmates on January 28, 1986.New Hampshire_item_10_92
  • On May 17, 1996, New Hampshire became the first state in the country to install a green LED traffic light. New Hampshire was selected because it was the first state to install the red and yellow variety statewide.New Hampshire_item_10_93
  • On May 31, 2007, New Hampshire became the first state to recognize same-sex unions "without a court order or the threat of one".New Hampshire_item_10_94

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: Hampshire.