News Corp Australia

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News Corp Australia_table_infobox_0

News Corp AustraliaNews Corp Australia_table_caption_0
TypeNews Corp Australia_header_cell_0_0_0 SubsidiaryNews Corp Australia_cell_0_0_1
IndustryNews Corp Australia_header_cell_0_1_0 Mass mediaNews Corp Australia_cell_0_1_1
PredecessorNews Corp Australia_header_cell_0_2_0 News LimitedNews Corp Australia_cell_0_2_1
FoundedNews Corp Australia_header_cell_0_3_0 Adelaide, South Australia

1923; 97 years ago (1923)News Corp Australia_cell_0_3_1

FounderNews Corp Australia_header_cell_0_4_0 James Edward DavidsonNews Corp Australia_cell_0_4_1
HeadquartersNews Corp Australia_header_cell_0_5_0 Surry Hills, Sydney, AustraliaNews Corp Australia_cell_0_5_1
Area servedNews Corp Australia_header_cell_0_6_0 AustraliaNews Corp Australia_cell_0_6_1
Key peopleNews Corp Australia_header_cell_0_7_0 Andrew Seward

(Executive Chairman)News Corp Australia_cell_0_7_1

ProductsNews Corp Australia_header_cell_0_8_0 Newspapers

Magazines InternetNews Corp Australia_cell_0_8_1

ServicesNews Corp Australia_header_cell_0_9_0 Pay television

National Rugby League Market research DVD and film distribution Film and television productionNews Corp Australia_cell_0_9_1

ParentNews Corp Australia_header_cell_0_10_0 News CorpNews Corp Australia_cell_0_10_1
SubsidiariesNews Corp Australia_header_cell_0_11_0 Foxtel (65%)

Brisbane Broncos (69%) Australian News ChannelNews Corp Australia_cell_0_11_1

WebsiteNews Corp Australia_header_cell_0_12_0 News Corp Australia_cell_0_12_1

News Corp Australia is one of Australia's largest media conglomerates, employing more than 8,000 staff nationwide and approximately 3,000 journalists. News Corp Australia_sentence_0

The group's interests span newspaper and magazine publishing, Internet, subscription television, market research, DVD and film distribution, and film and television production trading assets. News Corp Australia_sentence_1

News Pty Limited (formerly News Limited) is the holding company of the group. News Corp Australia_sentence_2

News Corp Australia owns approximately 142 daily, Sunday, weekly, bi-weekly and tri-weekly newspapers, of which 102 are suburban publications (including 16 in which News Corp Australia has a 50% interest). News Corp Australia_sentence_3

News Corp Australia publishes a nationally distributed newspaper in Australia, a metropolitan newspaper in each of the Australian cities of Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Adelaide, Hobart and Darwin and groups of suburban newspapers in the suburbs of Sydney, Melbourne, Adelaide, Brisbane and Perth. News Corp Australia_sentence_4

The company publishes a further thirty magazine titles across Australia. News Corp Australia_sentence_5

According to the Finkelstein Review of Media and Media Regulation, in 2011 the group accounted for 23% of the newspaper titles in Australia. News Corp Australia_sentence_6

With interests in digital media, the company's sites include, Business Spectator and Eureka Report,, and News Corp Australia_sentence_7

It has 50% stakes in and had a 55% stake in which was sold in 2016, a share in REA Group that operates, as well as websites for most newspaper and magazine titles. News Corp Australia_sentence_8

The company's other Australian assets include Australian News Channel, 65% ownership of subscription television provider Foxtel, (which in turn owns Fox Sports Australia) and shares in the Brisbane Broncos NRL team. News Corp Australia_sentence_9

Until the formation of News Corporation in 1979, News Limited was the principal holding company for the business interests of Rupert Murdoch and his family. News Corp Australia_sentence_10

Since then, News Limited had been wholly owned by News Corporation. News Corp Australia_sentence_11

In 2004, News Corporation announced its intention to reincorporate to the United States. News Corp Australia_sentence_12

On 3 November News Corp Limited ceased trading on the Australian Stock Exchange; and on 8 November, News Corporation began trading on the New York Stock Exchange. News Corp Australia_sentence_13

On 28 June 2013, News Corporation was split into two separate companies. News Corp Australia_sentence_14

Murdoch's newspaper interests became News Corp, which was the new parent company of News Limited. News Corp Australia_sentence_15

The group adopted the new News Corp Australia name following the listing of the new News Corp on 1 July 2013. News Corp Australia_sentence_16

History News Corp Australia_section_0

Early days News Corp Australia_section_1

News Limited was established in 1923 by James Edward Davidson, when he purchased the Broken Hill Barrier Miner and the Port Pirie Recorder. News Corp Australia_sentence_17

He went on to purchase Adelaide's weekly Mail and to found The News, a daily newspaper in Adelaide, South Australia. News Corp Australia_sentence_18

Murdochs News Corp Australia_section_2

Sir Keith Murdoch acquired a minority interest in the company in 1949. News Corp Australia_sentence_19

Following the death of his father, Sir Keith, in 1952, Rupert Murdoch inherited The News, which has been described by Murdoch biographer Bruce Page as the "foundation stone" of News Limited (and News Corporation). News Corp Australia_sentence_20

Over the next few years, Murdoch gradually established himself as one of the most dynamic media proprietors in Australia, quickly expanding his holdings by acquiring a string of daily and suburban newspapers in most capital cities, including the Sydney afternoon paper, The Daily Mirror, as well as a small Sydney-based recording company, Festival Records. News Corp Australia_sentence_21

His acquisition of the Mirror proved crucial to his success, allowing him to challenge the dominance of his two main rivals in the Sydney market, the Fairfax Newspapers group, which published the hugely profitable The Sydney Morning Herald, and the Consolidated Press group, owned by Sir Frank Packer, which published the city's leading tabloid paper, The Daily Telegraph. News Corp Australia_sentence_22

In 1964, News Limited made its next important advance when it established The Australian, Australia's first national daily newspaper, based initially in Canberra and later in Sydney. News Corp Australia_sentence_23

The Australian, a broadsheet, gave News Limited a new respectability as a quality newspaper publisher, and also greater political influence since The Australian has always had an elite readership, if not always a large circulation. News Corp Australia_sentence_24

Also in 1964, News Limited made Rupert Murdoch's first overseas newspaper investment – a 29.57 percent stake in the Wellington Publishing Company, subsequently part of Independent Newspapers Limited, INL, New Zealand's largest publishing group. News Corp Australia_sentence_25

The News Limited holding in INL fluctuated over the years and was just over 49 percent in 1997. News Corp Australia_sentence_26

The INL business was bought by News Limited's main rival in 2003 – Fairfax Media. News Corp Australia_sentence_27

In 1972, News Limited acquired The Daily Telegraph from Sir Frank Packer, making Murdoch one of the "big three" newspaper proprietors in Australia, along with Fairfax Media in Sydney and his father's old Herald and Weekly Times Ltd in Melbourne. News Corp Australia_sentence_28

In the 1972 elections, Murdoch swung his newspapers' support behind Gough Whitlam and the left wing Australian Labor Party, but by 1975 he had turned against Labor, and since then has almost always supported the rightist Liberal Party. News Corp Australia_sentence_29

Over the next ten years, as his press empire grew, Murdoch established a hugely lucrative financial base, and these profits were routinely used to subsidise further acquisitions. News Corp Australia_sentence_30

In his early years of newspaper ownership Murdoch was an aggressive, micromanaging entrepreneur. News Corp Australia_sentence_31

His standard tactic was to buy loss-making Australian newspapers and turn them around by introducing radical management and editorial changes and fighting no-holds-barred circulation wars with his competitors. News Corp Australia_sentence_32

By the 1970s, this power base was so strong that Murdoch was able to acquire leading newspapers and magazines in both London and New York, as well as many other media holdings. News Corp Australia_sentence_33

To gain subscriptions for its new pay television business, News Ltd recruited rugby league football administrators, clubs and players to form a new competition, sparking the mid-1990s Super League war. News Corp Australia_sentence_34

On 12 July 2006, News Limited announced the creation of a new division, News Digital Media to manage the operations of the news site; the online marketplace sites,, and as well as the partly owned, and related activities involving Foxtel and the company's newspapers and the Australian versions of Fox Interactive Media sites Myspace and IGN. News Corp Australia_sentence_35

Chairman and chief executive of News Limited, John Hartigan, announced the appointment of Richard Freudenstein as chief executive of the division. News Corp Australia_sentence_36

In February 2018, News Corp Australia announced a partnership with Taboola to launch an integrated native content creation, booking and distribution platform. News Corp Australia_sentence_37

The Taboola Feed will be implemented on desktop, mobile, web and in-app across the News Corp Australia digital network. News Corp Australia_sentence_38

Editorial conduct issues News Corp Australia_section_3

In the wake of the News International phone hacking scandal in the United Kingdom, in July 2011 News Limited announced a review of all payments in the previous three years. News Corp Australia_sentence_39

On 22 July it was reported that two retired Victorian Supreme Court judges, Frank Vincent AO QC and Bernard Teague AO, were appointed to act as independent assessors of the conduct of the review and also assess the outcome. News Corp Australia_sentence_40

The editorial and financial review concluded in early November and found no evidence of phone hacking or payments to public officials, with Vincent and Teague declaring that the review process did not bring " light any systemic issues with respect to the making of payments to third parties and any substantial amounts paid to individuals in respect of illegitimate activities." News Corp Australia_sentence_41

Despite this the Australian division of News Corp has not entirely escaped scandal with allegations in 2012 that News Corp subsidiary, News Datacom Systems (NDS) had used hackers to undermine pay TV rivals around the world, including Australia. News Corp Australia_sentence_42

Some of the victims of the alleged hacking, such as Austar were later taken over by News Corp and others such as Ondigital later went bust. News Corp Australia_sentence_43

NDS had originally been set up to provide security to News Corp's pay TV interests but emails obtained by Fairfax Media revealed they had also pursued a wider agenda by distributing the keys to rival set top box operators and seeking to obtain phone records of suspected rivals. News Corp Australia_sentence_44

The emails were from the hard drive of NDS European chief, Ray Adams. News Corp Australia_sentence_45

It was also revealed that Australian Federal police were working with UK police to investigate hacking by News Corp. News Corp Australia_sentence_46

Corporate changes News Corp Australia_section_4

On 28 June 2013, News Corporation split into two publicly traded companies focused on publishing, and broadcasting/media respectively. News Corp Australia_sentence_47

At this time News Limited was renamed News Corp Australia and became part of the publishing company, News Corp, with Wall Street Journal editor Robert Thomson replacing Rupert Murdoch as CEO. News Corp Australia_sentence_48

Murdoch remains a chairman and major shareholder for both companies. News Corp Australia_sentence_49

On 9 August 2013 it was announced that Julian Clarke would replace Kim Williams as the CEO of News Corp Australia. News Corp Australia_sentence_50

Williams had replaced John Hartigan, who served as CEO between 2000 and 2011, who had in turn succeeded Lachlan Murdoch. News Corp Australia_sentence_51

On 9 June 2015, it was announced that Peter Tonagh would replace Julian Clarke as the CEO of News Corp Australia with Michael Millar to be appointed to the role of Executive Chairman. News Corp Australia_sentence_52

Peter Tonagh and Michael Millar's first day in their new roles was 16 November 2015 News Corp Australia_sentence_53

Influence in Australia News Corp Australia_section_5

Murdoch's desire for dominant cross-media ownership manifested in early 1961 when he bought an ailing Australian record label, Festival Records, and within a few years it had become the leading local recording company. News Corp Australia_sentence_54

He also bought a television station in Wollongong, New South Wales, hoping to use it to break into the Sydney television market, but found himself frustrated by Australia's cross-media ownership laws, which prevented him from owning both a major newspaper and television station in the same city. News Corp Australia_sentence_55

Since then he has consistently lobbied, both personally and through his papers, to have these laws changed in his favour. News Corp Australia_sentence_56

This occurred in 2006 when the Liberal-National Coalition Government, having gained control of both houses of the Australian Parliament, introduced reforms to cross-media ownership and foreign media ownership laws. News Corp Australia_sentence_57

The laws came into effect in early 2007, with further changes in 2017 abolishing 'two out of three' restrictions that had previously prevented news companies from owning newspaper, radio, and television services within the same city. News Corp Australia_sentence_58

News Corp Australia has nearly three-quarters of daily metropolitan newspaper circulation and so maintains great influence in Australia. News Corp Australia_sentence_59

Internal News Corp Australia documents reveal a brazen offer during the 2001 federal election campaign to promote the policies of a major party in its best-selling newspapers nationwide for almost A$500,000. News Corp Australia_sentence_60

Other documents include a marginal seats guide written by a senior business manager for internal use. News Corp Australia_sentence_61

It evidences a corporate strategy to target marginal seats at the 2004 election. News Corp Australia_sentence_62

Some of the documents appeared on Media Watch. News Corp Australia_sentence_63

Murdoch wanted a way to influence politics in his native land. News Corp Australia_sentence_64

He saw a way to do that through the News Corp publication The Australian. News Corp Australia_sentence_65

The national daily has been used to support Murdoch's political interests over time, such as John McEwen with the National Party of Australia and Gough Whitlam with the Australian Labor Party. News Corp Australia_sentence_66

A parliamentary petition initiated by former Prime Minister Kevin Rudd for a Royal Commission investigating the diversity and integrity of print media, focused primarily on News Corp, raised more then 500,000 signatures in November 2020. News Corp Australia_sentence_67

Acquisitions News Corp Australia_section_6

Britain News Corp Australia_section_7

Murdoch moved to Britain and rapidly became a major force there after his acquisitions of the News of the World, and The Sun in 1969 and The Times and The Sunday Times in 1981, which he bought from the Thomson family. News Corp Australia_sentence_68

Both takeovers further reinforced his growing reputation as a ruthless and cunning business operator. News Corp Australia_sentence_69

His takeover of The Times aroused great hostility among traditionalists, who feared he would take it "downmarket." News Corp Australia_sentence_70

This led directly to the founding of The Independent in 1986 as an alternative quality daily. News Corp Australia_sentence_71

United States News Corp Australia_section_8

Murdoch made his first acquisition in the United States in 1973, when he purchased the San Antonio News. News Corp Australia_sentence_72

Soon afterwards he founded the National Star, a supermarket tabloid, and in 1976 he purchased the New York Post. News Corp Australia_sentence_73

Subsequent acquisitions were undertaken through News Corporation. News Corp Australia_sentence_74

Australia News Corp Australia_section_9

News Limited expanded its newspaper holdings in 1987 when it acquired The Herald and Weekly Times, which published two newspapers in Melbourne (in 1990 these papers would be combined to form the Herald Sun) as well as large stakes in several other newspaper publishers. News Corp Australia_sentence_75

News Limited went on to acquire the remaining shares of Brisbane's Queensland Newspapers (owner of The Courier-Mail), Adelaide's Advertiser Newspapers (owner of The Advertiser) and Hobart's Davies Brothers (owner of The Mercury). News Corp Australia_sentence_76

In 1991, News Limited spun off its longtime magazine house, Southdown Press, as Pacific Magazines and Printing, and sold the former Advertiser magazines, renamed Murdoch Magazines, to Matt Handbury. News Corp Australia_sentence_77

News Limited re-entered the magazine market in 2000 with the start of News Magazines. News Corp Australia_sentence_78

In 2006, News Limited returned to being a major player in the Australian magazine business with the purchase of Independent Print Media Group's FPC Magazines (Delicious, Super Food Ideas, Vogue Australia). News Corp Australia_sentence_79

Holdings News Corp Australia_section_10

News Corp Australia operates 170 newspaper and magazine titles in Australia, including the following: News Corp Australia_sentence_80

Newspapers News Corp Australia_section_11

Metropolitan News Corp Australia_section_12

News Corp Australia_description_list_0

News Corp Australia_unordered_list_1

  • The Australian including weekly insert magazine The Deal and monthly insert magazine (wish)News Corp Australia_item_1_0
    • The Weekend Australian including insert magazine The Weekend Australian MagazineNews Corp Australia_item_1_1

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  • The Daily TelegraphNews Corp Australia_item_3_2
  • The Sunday Telegraph including insert magazine sundaymagazineNews Corp Australia_item_3_3
  • mX (Sydney) (ceased publication 12 June 2015)News Corp Australia_item_3_4
  • The SportsmanNews Corp Australia_item_3_5

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  • The Advertiser including the monthly insert the Adelaide* magazineNews Corp Australia_item_9_13
  • Messenger Newspapers, including:News Corp Australia_item_9_15
    • Eastern Courier MessengerNews Corp Australia_item_9_16
    • Leader MessengerNews Corp Australia_item_9_17
    • City North MessengerNews Corp Australia_item_9_18
    • East Torrens MessengerNews Corp Australia_item_9_19
    • Mitcham & Hills MessengerNews Corp Australia_item_9_20
    • The CityNews Corp Australia_item_9_21

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Community News Corp Australia_section_13

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Regional News Corp Australia_section_14

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  • Messenger Newspapers, including:News Corp Australia_item_25_36
    • Northern Times MessengerNews Corp Australia_item_25_37
    • Weekly Times MessengerNews Corp Australia_item_25_38
    • Southern Times MessengerNews Corp Australia_item_25_39
    • Portside MessengerNews Corp Australia_item_25_40

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Magazines News Corp Australia_section_15

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Websites News Corp Australia_section_16

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  • The Australian is a broadsheet newspaper published in Australia from Monday to Saturday each week since 14 July 1964.News Corp Australia_item_33_76
  • publishes stories and multimedia created by a team of about 51 reporters.News Corp Australia_item_33_77
  • The Punch was an opinion and news website, founded in 2009 and merged with in March 2013News Corp Australia_item_33_78
  • Business Spectator is a business news websiteNews Corp Australia_item_33_79
  • CareerOne is a job site co-owned by News Corp and Monster.comNews Corp Australia_item_33_80
  • , an Australian horse racing news and form guide websiteNews Corp Australia_item_33_81
  • , Australia's Premier Horse Racing News, Form Guides & TipsNews Corp Australia_item_33_82
  • KidSpot, a parenting websiteNews Corp Australia_item_33_83

NRL properties News Corp Australia_section_17

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Television News Corp Australia_section_18

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See also News Corp Australia_section_19

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Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: Corp Australia.