Online newspaper

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An online newspaper is the online version of a newspaper, either as a stand-alone publication or as the online version of a printed periodical. Online newspaper_sentence_0

Going online created more opportunities for newspapers, such as competing with broadcast journalism in presenting breaking news in a more timely manner. Online newspaper_sentence_1

The credibility and strong brand recognition of well established newspapers, and the close relationships they have with advertisers, are also seen by many in the newspaper industry as strengthening their chances of survival. Online newspaper_sentence_2

The movement away from the printing process can also help decrease costs. Online newspaper_sentence_3

Online newspapers, like printed newspapers, have legal restrictions regarding libel, privacy, and copyright, also apply to online publications in most countries as in the UK. Online newspaper_sentence_4

Also, the UK Data Protection Act applies to online newspapers and news pages. Online newspaper_sentence_5

Up to 2014, the PCC ruled in the UK, but there was no clear distinction between authentic online newspapers and forums or blogs. Online newspaper_sentence_6

In 2007, a ruling was passed to formally regulate UK-based online newspapers, news audio, and news video websites covering the responsibilities expected of them and to clear up what is, and what isn't an online news publication. Online newspaper_sentence_7

News reporters are being taught to shoot video and to write in the succinct manner necessary for Internet news pages. Online newspaper_sentence_8

Some newspapers have attempted to integrate the Internet into every aspect of their operations, e.g., the writing of stories for both print and online, and classified advertisements appearing in both media, while other newspaper websites may be quite different from the corresponding printed newspaper. Online newspaper_sentence_9

History Online newspaper_section_0

An early example of an "online-only" newspaper or magazine was (PLATO) News Report, an online newspaper created by Bruce Parrello in 1974 on the PLATO system at the University of Illinois. Online newspaper_sentence_10

Beginning in 1987, the Brazilian newspaper Jornaldodia ran on the state-owned , moving to the Internet in the 1990s. Online newspaper_sentence_11

By the late 1990s, hundreds of U.S. newspapers were publishing online versions, but did not yet offer much interactivity. Online newspaper_sentence_12

One example is Britain's Weekend City Press Review, which provided a weekly news summary online beginning in 1995. Online newspaper_sentence_13

Today, online news has become a huge part of society which leads people to argue whether or not it is good for society. Online newspaper_sentence_14

Austra Taylor author of the popular book The Peoples Platform argues that online news does not provide the detail needed to fully understand what actually happened. Online newspaper_sentence_15

It is more just a fast summary to inform people what happened, but does not give a solution or fixation to the problem. Online newspaper_sentence_16

Examples Online newspaper_section_1

Very few newspapers in 2006 claimed to have made money from their websites, which were mostly free to all viewers. Online newspaper_sentence_17

Declining profit margins and declining circulation in daily newspapers forced executives to contemplate new methods of obtaining revenue from websites, without charging for the subscription. Online newspaper_sentence_18

This has been difficult. Online newspaper_sentence_19

Newspapers with specialized audiences such as The Wall Street Journal and The Chronicle of Higher Education successfully charge subscription fees. Online newspaper_sentence_20

Most newspapers have an online edition, including The Los Angeles Times, The Washington Post, USA Today, Mid Day, and The New York Times. Online newspaper_sentence_21

Many European countries also have their own English-language online news, such as The Daily Slovak News (Slovakia), Helsinki Times (Finland) and The Moscow Times (Russia). Online newspaper_sentence_22

The Guardian experimented with new media in 2005, offering a free twelve-part weekly podcast series by Ricky Gervais. Online newspaper_sentence_23

Another UK daily to go online is The Daily Telegraph. Online newspaper_sentence_24

In Australia, most major newspapers offer an online version, with or without a paywalled subscription option. Online newspaper_sentence_25

In Algeria, the number of daily visitors of news websites and online editions of newspapers surpasses the number of daily readers of print newspapers since the end of 2016. Online newspaper_sentence_26

Online-only newspapers Online newspaper_section_2

An online-only paper has no print-media connections. Online newspaper_sentence_27

An example is the UK Southport Reporter, introduced in 2000—a weekly regional newspaper that is not produced or run in any format than 'soft-copy' on the Internet by its publishers, PCBT Photography. Online newspaper_sentence_28

Another early example is "Bangla2000", also introduced in 2000, which was uploaded twice daily from Bangladesh and Edited by Tukun Mahmud Nurul Momen. Online newspaper_sentence_29

Unlike the UK Southport Reporter, it was not a regional newspaper. Online newspaper_sentence_30 ran international, economic, and sports news as well, simultaneously. Online newspaper_sentence_31

The largest library of the world Library of Congress archived it subsequently. Online newspaper_sentence_32

Unlike blog sites and other news websites, it is run as a newspaper and is recognized by media groups such as the NUJ and/or the IFJ. Online newspaper_sentence_33

They fall under relevant press regulations and are signed up to the official UK press regulator IMPRESS. Online newspaper_sentence_34

allNovaScotia is an online newspaper based in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada that publishes business and political news six days a week. Online newspaper_sentence_35

The website was the first online-only newspaper in Atlantic Canada and has been behind a paywall since starting in 2001. Online newspaper_sentence_36

Even print media is turning to online-only publication. Online newspaper_sentence_37

As of 2009, the decrease of the traditional business model of print newspapers has led to various attempts to establish local, regional or national online-only newspapers - publications that do original reporting, rather than just commentary or summaries of reporting from other publications. Online newspaper_sentence_38

An early major example in the U.S. is the Seattle Post-Intelligencer, which stopped publishing after 149 years in March 2009 and went online only. Online newspaper_sentence_39

In Scotland, in 2010, Caledonian Mercury became Scotland's first online-only newspaper, with the same aims as Southport Reporter in the UK, with The Yorkshire Times the following suit and becoming Yorkshire's first online-only paper in 2011. Online newspaper_sentence_40

In the US, technology news websites such as CNET, TechCrunch, and ZDNet started as web publications and enjoy comparable readership to the conventional newspapers. Online newspaper_sentence_41

Also, with the ever-rising popularity of online media, veteran publications like the U.S. Online newspaper_sentence_42 News & World Report are abandoning print and going online-only. Online newspaper_sentence_43

Another example of an online-only English daily newspaper is the Arabian Post, focusing on the Middle East's current affairs and business. Online newspaper_sentence_44

In October 2020, 11 online only news portals formed DIGIPUB News India foundation to encourage an ecosystem of Digital Only press. Online newspaper_sentence_45

Trends Online newspaper_section_3

In 2015, 65% of people reported that print was their preferred method for reading a newspaper, down 4% from 2014. Online newspaper_sentence_46

The methods people use to get their news from digital means was at 28%, as opposed to 20% of people attaining the news through print newspapers. Online newspaper_sentence_47

These trends indicate an increase in digital consumption of newspapers, as opposed to print. Online newspaper_sentence_48

Today, ad revenue for digital forms of newspapers is nearly 25%, while print is constituting the remaining 75%. Online newspaper_sentence_49

Contrastingly, ad revenue for digital methods was 5% in 2006. Online newspaper_sentence_50

Hybrid newspapers Online newspaper_section_4

Hybrid newspapers are predominantly focused on online content, but also produce a print form. Online newspaper_sentence_51

Trends in online newspapers indicate publications may switch to digital methods, especially online newspapers in the future. Online newspaper_sentence_52

The New York Times is an example of this model of the newspaper as it provides both a home delivery print subscription and a digital one as well. Online newspaper_sentence_53

There are some newspapers which are predominantly online, but also provide limited hard copy publishing An example is, which replaced the Ann Arbor News in the summer of 2009. Online newspaper_sentence_54

It is primarily an online newspaper, but publishes a hard copy twice a week. Online newspaper_sentence_55

Other trends indicate that this business model is being adopted by many newspapers with the growth of digital media. Online newspaper_sentence_56

Use Online newspaper_section_5

In 2013, the Reuters Institute commissioned a cross-country survey on news consumption, and gathered data related to online newspaper use that emphasizes the lack of use of paid online newspaper services. Online newspaper_sentence_57

The countries surveyed were France, German, Denmark, Spain, Italy, Japan, Brazil, the United States, and the United Kingdom. Online newspaper_sentence_58

All samples within each country were nationally representative. Online newspaper_sentence_59

Half of the sample reportedly paid for a print newspaper in the past 7 days, and only one-twentieth of the sample paid for online news in the past 7 days. Online newspaper_sentence_60

That only 5% of the sample had recently paid for online newspaper access is likely because most people access news that is free. Online newspaper_sentence_61

People with portable devices, like tablets or smartphones, were significantly more likely to subscribe to digital news content. Online newspaper_sentence_62

Additionally, younger people—25- to 34-year-olds—are more willing to pay for digital news than older people across all countries. Online newspaper_sentence_63

This is in line with the Pew Research Center's finding in a survey of U.S. Americans that the Internet is a leading source of news for people less than 50. Online newspaper_sentence_64

Popularity of Online Articles Online newspaper_section_6

While not all articles published online receive the same amount of attention, it is of interest to get a closer look at the factors that determine their popularity. Online newspaper_sentence_65

The number of times an article gets shared on social media is relevant for activists, politicians, authors, online-publishers and advertisers . Online newspaper_sentence_66

They thus have an interest in knowing the number of shares, preferably even predicting it before the article is being published. Online newspaper_sentence_67

With new methods of Natural Language Processing such as Latent Dirichlet allocation it is possible to gain insights into the core characteristics of an article. Online newspaper_sentence_68

A team of Portuguese scientists retrieved data from the website Mashable and made the dataset publicly available. Online newspaper_sentence_69

Said . Online newspaper_sentence_70

consists of 39’644 observations and 60 possible features, that have been collected over two years from 2013 to 2015. Online newspaper_sentence_71

The features consist of variables describing words, links, digital media, time, keywords, insights from Natural Language Processing and the number of article shares. Online newspaper_sentence_72

With the dataset being publicly available, a fair amount of data analysis has been conducted. Online newspaper_sentence_73

Some can be found on the website . Online newspaper_sentence_74

One . Online newspaper_sentence_75

used machine learning methods, namely, logistic regression, linear discriminant analysis, artificial neural networks and random forests to predict the top ten percent most frequently shared articles. Online newspaper_sentence_76

The conclusion is, that the average keywords within an article and the average popularity of said keywords have the greatest impact on the amount of shares an article receives. Online newspaper_sentence_77

Moreover, the amount of links to other articles and the closeness to the most relevant current topics are influencing the popularity of an article heavily. Online newspaper_sentence_78

On the other hand, the day of publication is less important when it comes to predicting the popularity of the article. Online newspaper_sentence_79

See also Online newspaper_section_7

Online newspaper_unordered_list_0

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: newspaper.