Ngoma is derived from the Kongo word for "drum".
Different Bantu-inhabited regions have their own traditions of percussion, with different names for their instruments.
In Kikongo, "ngoma" is used by extension to signify specific dances, social occasions and rhythms.
In Swahili, the word Ngoma is used to describe the drums themselves as well as music and dance together as a joint cultural practice.
Use in the Great Lakes and Southern Africa
The ngoma drum is known as engoma throughout the African Great Lakes region.
In Swahili, ngoma resulted because of unease in pronouncing engoma by dropping the syllable e.
The Baganda are fondly thought of as the children of Ngoma.
The ngoma is used for communication and celebration and is also a symbol of authority.
Ngoma is also used for storytelling.
Typically, they are played in groups of seven drums, each drum having its own voice and function within the ensemble.
Another popular configuration is made with at least four drums.
Each of these drums are treated as individuals, thus they each have a specific name.
The largest drum is known as bakisimba and makes a loud bass sound.
Some call it the Master drum.
The empuunya is a little smaller and also produces a higher-pitched bass sound.
The Nankasa is a small drum played with sticks and produces a very high-pitched sound.
Last, but not least is the engalabi.
The engalabi most closely resembles the original ngoma and is taller and more cylindrical than all the other drums in this set.
It also has skin on only one side.
All of the other drums are covered with cow skin on the top and bottom using an intricate lacing system, whereas the engalabi has a lizard-skin head attached with small wooden pegs.
This drum makes the highest pitched sound in the ensemble.
The most popular African drums include the Djembe, Dundun, Bata, and Bougarabou just to highlight a few.
Djembe means " everyone gather together in peace" according to Mali people.
Throughout Central and South Africa, ngoma ceremonies are used to assist in healing during ceremonies.
The rituals involve rhythmic music and dance, and can result in “stress reduction, social support, support of prosocial behaviors, psychodynamic growth, and placebo effect”.
Ngoma often serves as a tool to unify the tribe, and assist in health or life transitions and a way to communicate to the spirits.
The ngoma drum is also used in Zimbabwe, mainly for traditional dances and celebrations.
All of the drums can be played with sticks or hands, except the Nankasa which is primarily played with two sticks.
Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ngoma drums.