Ngoma drums

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Ngoma (also called engoma or ng'oma or ingoma) are musical instruments used by certain Bantu populations of Africa. Ngoma drums_sentence_0

Ngoma is derived from the Kongo word for "drum". Ngoma drums_sentence_1

Different Bantu-inhabited regions have their own traditions of percussion, with different names for their instruments. Ngoma drums_sentence_2

In Kikongo, "ngoma" is used by extension to signify specific dances, social occasions and rhythms. Ngoma drums_sentence_3

In Swahili, the word Ngoma is used to describe the drums themselves as well as music and dance together as a joint cultural practice. Ngoma drums_sentence_4

Use in the Great Lakes and Southern Africa Ngoma drums_section_0

The ngoma drum is known as engoma throughout the African Great Lakes region. Ngoma drums_sentence_5

In Swahili, ngoma resulted because of unease in pronouncing engoma by dropping the syllable e. Ngoma drums_sentence_6

The Banyankore hold drums in high regard; especially the royal drums headed by Bagyendanwa, without which a prince never laid claim to kingship. Ngoma drums_sentence_7

The Baganda of Uganda have a special relationship with ngoma drums, so much so that it is thought by many people that theirs is the country where this type of drum actually originated. Ngoma drums_sentence_8

The Baganda are fondly thought of as the children of Ngoma. Ngoma drums_sentence_9

The ngoma is used for communication and celebration and is also a symbol of authority. Ngoma drums_sentence_10

Ngoma is also used for storytelling. Ngoma drums_sentence_11

The ngoma are made of wood, which is covered with cow skin pegged on both ends, although you’ll also find tourist versions of these drums covered with zebra skins. Ngoma drums_sentence_12

Typically, they are played in groups of seven drums, each drum having its own voice and function within the ensemble. Ngoma drums_sentence_13

Another popular configuration is made with at least four drums. Ngoma drums_sentence_14

Each of these drums are treated as individuals, thus they each have a specific name. Ngoma drums_sentence_15

The largest drum is known as bakisimba and makes a loud bass sound. Ngoma drums_sentence_16

Some call it the Master drum. Ngoma drums_sentence_17

The empuunya is a little smaller and also produces a higher-pitched bass sound. Ngoma drums_sentence_18

The Nankasa is a small drum played with sticks and produces a very high-pitched sound. Ngoma drums_sentence_19

Last, but not least is the engalabi. Ngoma drums_sentence_20

The engalabi most closely resembles the original ngoma and is taller and more cylindrical than all the other drums in this set. Ngoma drums_sentence_21

It also has skin on only one side. Ngoma drums_sentence_22

All of the other drums are covered with cow skin on the top and bottom using an intricate lacing system, whereas the engalabi has a lizard-skin head attached with small wooden pegs. Ngoma drums_sentence_23

This drum makes the highest pitched sound in the ensemble. Ngoma drums_sentence_24

The most popular African drums include the Djembe, Dundun, Bata, and Bougarabou just to highlight a few. Ngoma drums_sentence_25

Djembe means " everyone gather together in peace" according to Mali people. Ngoma drums_sentence_26

Throughout Central and South Africa, ngoma ceremonies are used to assist in healing during ceremonies. Ngoma drums_sentence_27

The rituals involve rhythmic music and dance, and can result in “stress reduction, social support, support of prosocial behaviors, psychodynamic growth, and placebo effect”. Ngoma drums_sentence_28

Ngoma often serves as a tool to unify the tribe, and assist in health or life transitions and a way to communicate to the spirits. Ngoma drums_sentence_29

The ngoma drum is also used in Zimbabwe, mainly for traditional dances and celebrations. Ngoma drums_sentence_30

All of the drums can be played with sticks or hands, except the Nankasa which is primarily played with two sticks. Ngoma drums_sentence_31

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: drums.