Norte de Santander Department

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Norte de Santander Department_table_infobox_0

North Santander

Norte de SantanderNorte de Santander Department_header_cell_0_0_0

CountryNorte de Santander Department_header_cell_0_1_0 ColombiaNorte de Santander Department_cell_0_1_1
RegionNorte de Santander Department_header_cell_0_2_0 Andes RegionNorte de Santander Department_cell_0_2_1
EstablishedNorte de Santander Department_header_cell_0_3_0 25 July 1910Norte de Santander Department_cell_0_3_1
CapitalNorte de Santander Department_header_cell_0_4_0 CúcutaNorte de Santander Department_cell_0_4_1
GovernmentNorte de Santander Department_header_cell_0_5_0
GovernorNorte de Santander Department_header_cell_0_6_0 William Villamizar Laguado (2016-2019)Norte de Santander Department_cell_0_6_1
AreaNorte de Santander Department_header_cell_0_7_0
TotalNorte de Santander Department_header_cell_0_8_0 21,658 km (8,362 sq mi)Norte de Santander Department_cell_0_8_1
Area rankNorte de Santander Department_header_cell_0_9_0 24thNorte de Santander Department_cell_0_9_1
Population (2018)Norte de Santander Department_header_cell_0_10_0
TotalNorte de Santander Department_header_cell_0_11_0 1,491,689Norte de Santander Department_cell_0_11_1
RankNorte de Santander Department_header_cell_0_12_0 12thNorte de Santander Department_cell_0_12_1
DensityNorte de Santander Department_header_cell_0_13_0 69/km (180/sq mi)Norte de Santander Department_cell_0_13_1
Time zoneNorte de Santander Department_header_cell_0_14_0 UTC-05Norte de Santander Department_cell_0_14_1
ISO 3166 codeNorte de Santander Department_header_cell_0_15_0 CO-NSANorte de Santander Department_cell_0_15_1
ProvincesNorte de Santander Department_header_cell_0_16_0 6Norte de Santander Department_cell_0_16_1
MunicipalitiesNorte de Santander Department_header_cell_0_17_0 40Norte de Santander Department_cell_0_17_1
HDI (2017)Norte de Santander Department_header_cell_0_18_0 0.729

high · 17thNorte de Santander Department_cell_0_18_1

WebsiteNorte de Santander Department_header_cell_0_19_0 Norte de Santander Department_cell_0_19_1

North Santander (Spanish: Norte de Santander) (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈnoɾte ðe santanˈdeɾ) is a department of Colombia. Norte de Santander Department_sentence_0

It is in the north of the country, bordering Venezuela. Norte de Santander Department_sentence_1

Its capital is Cúcuta, one of the country's major cities. Norte de Santander Department_sentence_2

North Santander is bordered by Venezuela to the east and north, by Santander Department and Boyacá Department to the south, and by Santander Department and Cesar Department to the west. Norte de Santander Department_sentence_3

The official Department name is "Departamento de Norte de Santander" (North Santander Department) in honor of Colombian military and political leader Francisco de Paula Santander. Norte de Santander Department_sentence_4

North Santander Department is located in the northwestern zone of the Colombian Andean Region. Norte de Santander Department_sentence_5

The area of present-day Norte de Santander played an important role in the history of Colombia, during the War of Independence from Spain when Congress gave origin to the Greater Colombia in Villa del Rosario. Norte de Santander Department_sentence_6

History Norte de Santander Department_section_0

In April 1850, when the Republic of New Granada was born with 5 departments and 19 provinces. Norte de Santander Department_sentence_7

Santander was formed as a province with San José de Cúcuta its capital. Norte de Santander Department_sentence_8

In 1857 the sovereign Department of Santander was created and its capital was Pamplona. Norte de Santander Department_sentence_9

As of December of that year, the capital was transferred to Bucaramanga. Norte de Santander Department_sentence_10

In May 1858, the Republic of Colombia was denominated Granadina Confederation, including eight Departments, including the one of Santander. Norte de Santander Department_sentence_11

In 1863 it was decided in the National Convention of Rio Negro, to change the name of the country to the United States of Colombia. Norte de Santander Department_sentence_12

The Political Constitution of 1886, at the time known as "Regeneration", changed the name of the country and again it was known as the Republic of Colombia. Norte de Santander Department_sentence_13

The area was still known as Santander and was part of the provinces of Cúcuta, Ocaña, Pamplona, Charalá, García Rovira, Guanentá, Soto, Socorro and Vélez. Norte de Santander Department_sentence_14

In 1905, the Department was divided in two and for a time, Santander had Cúcuta, Ocaña, River of Gold, Pamplona, García Rovira, Santos and Fortúl provinces. Norte de Santander Department_sentence_15

A new political division came in 1908 and as a result of it, the Department of Cúcuta existed for a short period. Norte de Santander Department_sentence_16

In April 1910, the political division of Colombia changed again. Norte de Santander Department_sentence_17

The 34 departments created in 1908 were suppressed and in 1905, Cúcuta disappeared as Department and returns as part of Bucaramanga. Norte de Santander Department_sentence_18

Law 25 July 14, 1910, took effect 20 July of that year. Norte de Santander Department_sentence_19

It was signed by the then President of the National Assembly of Colombia, Emilio Ferrero; the Secretary, Marcelino Uribe exequible Arango and declared by President Ramon González Valencia. Norte de Santander Department_sentence_20

Geography Norte de Santander Department_section_1

North Santander has a varied geography and is composed by mountainous areas, deserts, plateaus, plains and hills. Norte de Santander Department_sentence_21

The landscapes and climates are fertile. Norte de Santander Department_sentence_22

The territory is crossed by rivers and lagoons. Norte de Santander Department_sentence_23

The Department comprises three natural regions. Norte de Santander Department_sentence_24

The Eastern Mountain range, begins in the site known as Naked Santurbán and becomes the Mountainous area of the Motilones. Norte de Santander Department_sentence_25

On the other hand, the plains of the Catatumbo and Zulia Rivers are located to the Northwest. Norte de Santander Department_sentence_26

To the south is the valley of the Magdalena River. Norte de Santander Department_sentence_27

The sector around the Catatumbo has temperatures averaging 24 °C (75 °F) with warm climates and humid. Norte de Santander Department_sentence_28

In the zone of Cúcuta, climate varies from dry to very dry. Norte de Santander Department_sentence_29

In the mountainous area, climates go from the temperate to cold. Norte de Santander Department_sentence_30

A rich hydrographic system crosses the Department with three river basins of great importance: to the north is Catatumbo river, to the west Magdalena river and to the southwest, the Orinoco river. Norte de Santander Department_sentence_31

Demographics Norte de Santander Department_section_2

North Santander has a special demography due its borders. Norte de Santander Department_sentence_32

Cúcuta has the largest population. Norte de Santander Department_sentence_33

Other cities are Ocaña and Pamplona. Norte de Santander Department_sentence_34

In this Department the citizens prefer to live in houses (89.8%). Norte de Santander Department_sentence_35

Administrative divisions Norte de Santander Department_section_3

Regions[citation needed] and municipalities Norte de Santander Department_section_4

Western Norte de Santander Department_section_5

Norte de Santander Department_unordered_list_0

  • AbregoNorte de Santander Department_item_0_0
  • CáchiraNorte de Santander Department_item_0_1
  • ConvenciónNorte de Santander Department_item_0_2
  • El CarmenNorte de Santander Department_item_0_3
  • La EsperanzaNorte de Santander Department_item_0_4
  • HacariNorte de Santander Department_item_0_5
  • La PlayaNorte de Santander Department_item_0_6
  • OcañaNorte de Santander Department_item_0_7
  • San CalixtoNorte de Santander Department_item_0_8
  • TeoramaNorte de Santander Department_item_0_9

Northern Norte de Santander Department_section_6

Norte de Santander Department_unordered_list_1

  • BucarasicaNorte de Santander Department_item_1_10
  • El TarraNorte de Santander Department_item_1_11
  • SardinataNorte de Santander Department_item_1_12
  • TibúNorte de Santander Department_item_1_13

Eastern Norte de Santander Department_section_7

Norte de Santander Department_unordered_list_2

South-West Norte de Santander Department_section_8

Norte de Santander Department_unordered_list_3

  • CácotaNorte de Santander Department_item_3_20
  • ChitagáNorte de Santander Department_item_3_21
  • MutiscuaNorte de Santander Department_item_3_22
  • PamplonaNorte de Santander Department_item_3_23
  • PamplonitaNorte de Santander Department_item_3_24
  • SilosNorte de Santander Department_item_3_25

Center Norte de Santander Department_section_9

Norte de Santander Department_unordered_list_4

South-East Norte de Santander Department_section_10

Norte de Santander Department_unordered_list_5

  • BochalemaNorte de Santander Department_item_5_33
  • ChinácotaNorte de Santander Department_item_5_34
  • DuraniaNorte de Santander Department_item_5_35
  • HerránNorte de Santander Department_item_5_36
  • LabatecaNorte de Santander Department_item_5_37
  • RagonvaliaNorte de Santander Department_item_5_38
  • ToledoNorte de Santander Department_item_5_39

Food Norte de Santander Department_section_11

Typical dishes offered in the department include Mute, Hayacas, of extended and rectangular form, the Cabrito, that is consumed roasted or cooked, soy (chick-pea) pies, empanadas and maize. Norte de Santander Department_sentence_36

Other dishes are rampuche and panche. Norte de Santander Department_sentence_37

See also Norte de Santander Department_section_12

Norte de Santander Department_unordered_list_6

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: de Santander Department.