Northern United States

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Northern United States_table_infobox_0

Northern United StatesNorthern United States_header_cell_0_0_0
CountryNorthern United States_header_cell_0_1_0 United StatesNorthern United States_cell_0_1_1
StatesNorthern United States_header_cell_0_2_0 Connecticut

 Illinois  Indiana  Iowa  Maine  Massachusetts  Michigan  Minnesota  New Hampshire  New Jersey  New York  Ohio  Pennsylvania  Rhode Island


 WisconsinNorthern United States_cell_0_2_1

AreaNorthern United States_header_cell_0_3_0
TotalNorthern United States_header_cell_0_4_0 625,897.06 sq mi (1,621,065.9 km)Northern United States_cell_0_4_1
LandNorthern United States_header_cell_0_5_0 540,298.08 sq mi (1,399,365.6 km)Northern United States_cell_0_5_1
Population (2019 est.)Northern United States_header_cell_0_6_0
TotalNorthern United States_header_cell_0_7_0 111,736,936Northern United States_cell_0_7_1
DensityNorthern United States_header_cell_0_8_0 180/sq mi (69/km)Northern United States_cell_0_8_1

The Northern United States, commonly referred to as the American North, the Northern States, or simply the North, is a geographical or historical region of the United States. Northern United States_sentence_0

Geographic term Northern United States_section_0

Geographically, the term includes the U.S. Northern United States_sentence_1 states and regions of the United States of America that are located across the northernmost part of the country. Northern United States_sentence_2

It includes, but is not limited to, states along the Canada–United States border. Northern United States_sentence_3

Census Bureau Northern United States_section_1

The United States Census Bureau divides some of the northernmost United States into the Midwest Region and the Northeast Region. Northern United States_sentence_4

The Census Bureau also includes the northernmost states of the Northwest, that are within the West Region. Northern United States_sentence_5

Historical term Northern United States_section_2

Before 19th-century westward expansion, the "Northern United States" corresponded to the present day New England region. Northern United States_sentence_6

By the 1830s it corresponded to the present day Northeast. Northern United States_sentence_7

Before 1866, the North was distinguished from the South on the issue of slavery. Northern United States_sentence_8

In Southern states, slavery was legal until the ratification of the Emancipation Proclamation in 1866. Northern United States_sentence_9

Northern states had all passed some form of legislation to abolish slavery by 1804. Northern United States_sentence_10

However, abolition did not mean freedom for some existing slaves. Northern United States_sentence_11

Due to gradual abolition laws, slaves would still appear in some Northern states as far as the 1840 United States Census. Northern United States_sentence_12

Slavery would ultimately lead to the main cause of the American Civil War. Northern United States_sentence_13

American Civil War Northern United States_section_3

Main article: Union (American Civil War) Northern United States_sentence_14

During the American Civil War, the Northern United States was composed of the U.S. states that supported the United States of America, the Union states. Northern United States_sentence_15

In this context, "The North" is synonymous with the Union. Northern United States_sentence_16

In this context, "The South" is composed of the states that attempted secession from the U.S. to form the Confederate States of America. Northern United States_sentence_17

However, which states comprised "The North" in this context can be the subject of historical disagreement. Northern United States_sentence_18

Five slave-holding states, called the Border states, that remained with the Union – Missouri, Kentucky, West Virginia, Maryland, and Delaware (along with the disputed Indian Territory) – may be included in either region. Northern United States_sentence_19

See also Northern United States_section_4

Northern United States_unordered_list_0

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: United States.