Northern United States
|Northern United States|
|Total||625,897.06 sq mi (1,621,065.9 km)|
|Land||540,298.08 sq mi (1,399,365.6 km)|
|Population (2019 est.)|
|Density||180/sq mi (69/km)|
It includes, but is not limited to, states along the Canada–United States border.
Before 19th-century westward expansion, the "Northern United States" corresponded to the present day New England region.
By the 1830s it corresponded to the present day Northeast.
In Southern states, slavery was legal until the ratification of the Emancipation Proclamation in 1866.
Northern states had all passed some form of legislation to abolish slavery by 1804.
However, abolition did not mean freedom for some existing slaves.
Due to gradual abolition laws, slaves would still appear in some Northern states as far as the 1840 United States Census.
Slavery would ultimately lead to the main cause of the American Civil War.
American Civil War
Main article: Union (American Civil War)
During the American Civil War, the Northern United States was composed of the U.S. states that supported the United States of America, the Union states.
In this context, "The North" is synonymous with the Union.
In this context, "The South" is composed of the states that attempted secession from the U.S. to form the Confederate States of America.
However, which states comprised "The North" in this context can be the subject of historical disagreement.
Five slave-holding states, called the Border states, that remained with the Union – Missouri, Kentucky, West Virginia, Maryland, and Delaware (along with the disputed Indian Territory) – may be included in either region.
- Northern Tier (United States)
- Flora of the Northern United States
- Southern United States
- Southeastern United States
- Southwestern United States
Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Northern United States.