This article is about the province in Canada.
For other uses, see Nova Scotia (disambiguation).
|Confederation||1 July 1867 (1st, with Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick)|
|Largest city||Halifax, Nova Scotia|
|Largest metro||Halifax County, Nova Scotia|
|Lieutenant Governor||Arthur Joseph LeBlanc|
|Premier||Stephen McNeil (Liberal)|
|Legislature||Nova Scotia House of Assembly|
|Federal representation||Parliament of Canada|
|House seats||11 of 338 (3.3%)|
|Senate seats||10 of 105 (9.5%)|
|Total||55,284 km (21,345 sq mi)|
|Land||52,942 km (20,441 sq mi)|
|Water||2,342 km (904 sq mi) 4.2%|
|Area rank||Ranked 12th|
|0.6% of Canada|
|Estimate (2020 Q3)||979,351|
|Density||17.45/km (45.2/sq mi)|
|Demonym(s)||Nova Scotian, Bluenoser|
|Official languages||English (de facto)|
|Total (2016)||CA$42.715 billion|
|Per capita||CA$44,931 (12th)|
|HDI (2018)||0.895 — Very high (11th)|
|Time zone||UTC-04:00 (Atlantic)|
|Postal code prefix||B|
|ISO 3166 code||CA-NS|
With a population of 923,598 as of 2016, it is the most populous of Canada's four Atlantic provinces.
Its area of 55,284 square kilometres (21,345 sq mi) includes Cape Breton Island and 3,800 other coastal islands.
The province borders the Bay of Fundy to the west and the Atlantic Ocean to the south and east, and is separated from Prince Edward Island and the island of Newfoundland by the Northumberland and Cabot straits, respectively.
The land that comprises what is now Nova Scotia has been inhabited by the indigenous Miꞌkmaq people for thousands of years.
The Fortress of Louisbourg was a key focus point in the struggle between the British and French for control of the area, changing hands numerous times until France relinquished its claims with the Treaty of Paris in 1763.
In 1848, Nova Scotia became the first British colony to achieve responsible government, and it federated in July 1867 with New Brunswick and the Province of Canada (now Ontario and Quebec) to form what is now the country of Canada.
Further information: Etymology of Scotland
In both French and Scottish Gaelic, the province is directly translated as "New Scotland" (French: Nouvelle-Écosse.
Gaelic: Alba Nuadh).
In general, Romance and Slavic languages use a direct translation of "New Scotland", while most other languages use direct transliterations of the Latin / English name.
The province was first named in the 1621 Royal Charter granting to Sir William Alexander in 1632 the right to settle lands including modern Nova Scotia, Cape Breton Island, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick and the Gaspé Peninsula.
Main article: Geography of Nova Scotia
Nova Scotia is Canada's second-smallest province in area, after Prince Edward Island.
The province's mainland is the Nova Scotia peninsula, surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean and including numerous bays and estuaries.
Nowhere in Nova Scotia is more than 67 km (42 mi) from the ocean.
Cape Breton Island, a large island to the northeast of the Nova Scotia mainland, is also part of the province, as is Sable Island, a small island notorious for being the site of offshore shipwrecks, approximately 175 km (110 mi) from the province's southern coast.
Nova Scotia has many ancient fossil-bearing rock formations.
These formations are particularly rich on the Bay of Fundy's shores.
The province contains 5,400 lakes.
Main article: Climate of Nova Scotia
The winter and summer temperature extremes of the continental climate are moderated by the ocean.
However, winters are cold enough to be classified as continental—still being nearer the freezing point than inland areas to the west.
The Nova Scotian climate is in many ways similar to the central Baltic Sea coast in Northern Europe, only wetter and snowier.
This is true although Nova Scotia is some fifteen parallels further south.
Areas not on the Atlantic coast experience warmer summers more typical of inland areas, and winter lows are a little colder.
Described on the provincial vehicle licence plate as Canada's Ocean Playground, Nova Scotia is surrounded by four major bodies of water: the Gulf of Saint Lawrence to the north, the Bay of Fundy to the west, the Gulf of Maine to the southwest, and the Atlantic Ocean to the east.
|Location||July (°C)||July (°F)||January (°C)||January (°F)|
Main article: History of Nova Scotia
See also: Military history of Nova Scotia
The province includes regions of the Mi'kmaq nation of Mi'kma'ki (mi'gama'gi).
The Mi'kmaq people are among the large Algonquian-language family and inhabited Nova Scotia at the time the first European colonists arrived.
Warfare was a notable feature in Nova Scotia during the 17th and 18th centuries.
The French arrived in 1604, and Catholic Mi'kmaq and Acadians formed the majority of the population of the colony for the next 150 years.
During the first 80 years the French and Acadians lived in Nova Scotia, nine significant military clashes took place as the English and Scottish (later British), Dutch and French fought for possession of the area.
The Acadian Civil War took place from 1640 to 1645.
Beginning with King William's War in 1688, a series of six wars took place between the English/British and the French, with Nova Scotia being a consistent theatre of conflict between the two powers.
Hostilities between the British and French resumed from 1702 to 1713, known as Queen Anne's War.
The British siege of Port Royal took place in 1710, ending French-rule in peninsular Acadia.
Despite the British conquest of Acadia in 1710, Nova Scotia remained primarily occupied by Catholic Acadians and Mi'kmaq, who confined British forces to Annapolis and to Canso.
Present-day New Brunswick then still formed a part of the French colony of Acadia.
As a result of Father Rale's War (1722–1725), the Mi'kmaq signed a series of treaties with Great Britain in 1725.
The Mi'kmaq signed a treaty of "submission" to the British crown.
However, conflict between the Acadians, Mi'kmaq, French, and the British persisted in the following decades with King George's War (1744–1748).
A General Court, made up of the governor and the Council, was the highest court in the colony at the time.
Jonathan Belcher was sworn in as chief justice of the Nova Scotia Supreme Court on 21 October 1754.
The first legislative assembly in Halifax, under the Governorship of Charles Lawrence, met on 2 October 1758.
During the French and Indian War of 1754–63 (the North American theatre of the Seven Years' War of 1756–1763), the British deported the Acadians and recruited New England Planters to resettle the colony.
The 75-year period of war ended with the Halifax Treaties between the British and the Mi'kmaq (1761).
After the war, some Acadians were allowed to return.
In 1763, most of Acadia (Cape Breton Island, St. John's Island (now Prince Edward Island), and New Brunswick) became part of Nova Scotia.
In 1765, the county of Sunbury was created.
In 1769, St. John's Island became a separate colony.
The American Revolution (1775–1783) had a significant impact on shaping Nova Scotia.
Initially, Nova Scotia—"the 14th American Colony" as some called it—displayed ambivalence over whether the colony should join the more southern colonies in their defiance of Britain, and rebellion flared at the Battle of Fort Cumberland (1776) and at the Siege of Saint John (1777).
Throughout the war, American privateers devastated the maritime economy by capturing ships and looting almost every community outside of Halifax.
These American raids alienated many sympathetic or neutral Nova Scotians into supporting the British.
By the end of the war Nova Scotia had outfitted a number of privateers to attack American shipping.
British military forces based at Halifax succeeded in preventing American support for rebels in Nova Scotia and deterred any invasion of Nova Scotia.
However the British navy failed to establish naval supremacy.
While the British captured many American privateers in battles such as the Naval battle off Halifax (1782), many more continued attacks on shipping and settlements until the final months of the war.
The Royal Navy struggled to maintain British supply lines, defending convoys from American and French attacks as in the fiercely fought convoy battle, the Naval battle off Cape Breton (1781).
After the Thirteen Colonies and their French allies forced the British forces to surrender (1781), approximately 33,000 Loyalists (the King's Loyal Americans, allowed to place "United Empire Loyalist" after their names) settled in Nova Scotia (14,000 of them in what became New Brunswick) on lands granted by the Crown as some compensation for their losses.
(The British administration divided Nova Scotia and hived off Cape Breton and New Brunswick in 1784).
The Loyalist exodus created new communities across Nova Scotia, including Shelburne, which briefly became one of the larger British settlements in North America, and infused Nova Scotia with additional capital and skills.
There are also a number of Black loyalists buried in unmarked graves in the Old Burying Ground (Halifax, Nova Scotia).
However the migration also caused political tensions between Loyalist leaders and the leaders of the existing New England Planters settlement.
The Loyalist influx also pushed Nova Scotia's 2000 Mi'kmaq People to the margins as Loyalist land grants encroached on ill-defined native lands.
Many Nova Scotian communities were settled by British regiments that fought in the war.
During the War of 1812, Nova Scotia's contribution to the British war effort involved communities either purchasing or building various privateer ships to attack U.S. vessels.
Many of the U.S. prisoners were kept at Deadman's Island, Halifax.
During this century, Nova Scotia became the first colony in British North America and in the British Empire to achieve responsible government in January–February 1848 and become self-governing through the efforts of Joseph Howe.
Nova Scotians fought in the Crimean War of 1853–1856.
The Welsford-Parker Monument in Halifax is the second-oldest war monument in Canada (1860) and the only Crimean War monument in North America.
It commemorates the 1854–55 Siege of Sevastopol.
The British Empire (including Nova Scotia) in the conflict.
As a result, Britain (and Nova Scotia) continued to trade with both the South and the North.
Nova Scotia's economy boomed during the Civil War.
Almost three months later, in the election of 18 September 1867, the Anti-Confederation Party won 18 out of 19 federal seats, and 36 out of 38 seats in the provincial legislature.
Throughout the 19th century, numerous businesses developed in Nova Scotia became of pan-Canadian and international importance: the Starr Manufacturing Company (first skate-manufacturer in Canada), the Bank of Nova Scotia, Cunard Line, Alexander Keith's Brewery, Morse's Tea Company (first tea company in Canada), among others.
Nova Scotia became a world leader in both building and owning wooden sailing ships in the second half of the 19th century.
The fame Nova Scotia achieved from sailors was assured when Joshua Slocum became the first man to sail single-handedly around the world (1895).
International attention continued into the following century with the many racing victories of the Bluenose schooner.
In December 1917, about 2,000 people were killed in the Halifax Explosion.
In April 2020, a killing spree occurred across the province and became the deadliest rampage in Canada's history.
Main article: Demographics of Nova Scotia
According to the 2006 Canadian census the largest ethnic group in Nova Scotia is Scottish (31.9%), followed by English (31.8%), Irish (21.6%), French (17.9%), German (11.3%), Aboriginal origin (5.3%), Dutch (4.1%), Black Canadians (2.8%), Welsh (1.9%) Italian (1.5%), and Scandinavian (1.4%).
40.9% of respondents identified their ethnicity as "Canadian".
The 2016 Canadian census showed a population of 923,598.
Of the 904,285 singular responses to the census question concerning mother tongue, the most commonly reported languages were:
Figures shown are for the number of single-language responses and the percentage of total single-language responses.
Nova Scotia is home to the largest Scottish Gaelic-speaking community outside of Scotland, with a small number of native speakers in Pictou County, Antigonish County, and Cape Breton Island, and the language is taught in a number of secondary schools throughout the province.
In 2018 the government launched a new Gaelic vehicle licence plate to raise awareness of the language and help fund Gaelic language and culture initiatives.
They estimated that there were 2,000 Gaelic speakers in the province.
In 1871, the largest religious denominations were Protestant with 103,500 (27%); Roman Catholic with 102,000 (26%); Baptist with 73,295 (19%); Anglican with 55,124 (14%); Methodist with 40,748 (10%), Lutheran with 4,958 (1.3%); and Congregationalist with 2,538 (0.65%).
According to the 2011 census, the largest denominations by number of adherents were the Christians with 78.2%.About 21.18 % were Non-religious and 1 % were Muslims.
county boundaries contiguous with those of the Cape Breton Regional Municipality.
county boundaries contiguous with those of the Halifax Regional Municipality.
county boundaries contiguous with those of the Region of Queens Municipality.
Nova Scotia's per capita GDP in 2016 was CA$44,924, significantly lower than the national average per capita GDP of CA$57,574.
GDP growth has lagged behind the rest of the country for at least the past decade.
As of 2017, the median family income in Nova Scotia was $85,970, below the national average of $92,990; in Halifax the figure rises to $98,870.
Its export value of fish exceeds $1 billion, and fish products are received by 90 countries around the world.
Nevertheless, the province's imports far exceed its exports.
While these numbers were roughly equal from 1992 until 2004, since that time the trade deficit has ballooned.
In 2012, exports from Nova Scotia were 12.1% of provincial GDP, while imports were 22.6%.
Nova Scotia's traditionally resource-based economy has diversified in recent decades.
The collapse of the cod stocks and the closure of this sector resulted in a loss of approximately 20,000 jobs in 1992.
Other sectors in the province were also hit hard, particularly during the last two decades: coal mining in Cape Breton and northern mainland Nova Scotia has virtually ceased, and a large steel mill in Sydney closed during the 1990s.
Since 1991, offshore oil and gas has become an important part of the economy, although production and revenue are now declining.
However, agriculture remains an important sector in the province, particularly in the Annapolis Valley.
Nova Scotia's defence and aerospace sector generates approximately $500 million in revenues and contributes about $1.5 billion to the provincial economy each year.
To date, 40% of Canada's military assets reside in Nova Scotia.
Nova Scotia has the fourth-largest film industry in Canada hosting over 100 productions yearly, more than half of which are the products of international film and television producers.
In 2015, the government of Nova Scotia eliminated tax credits to film production in the province, jeopardizing the industry given most other jurisdictions continue to offer such credits.
The province also boasts a rapidly developing Information & Communication Technology (ICT) sector which consists of over 500 companies, and employs roughly 15,000 people.
In 2006, the manufacturing sector brought in over $2.6 billion in chained GDP, the largest output of any industrial sector in Nova Scotia.
Michelin remains by far the largest single employer in this sector, operating three production plants in the province.
Michelin is also the province's largest private-sector employer.
Main article: Tourism in Nova Scotia
The Nova Scotia tourism industry includes more than 6,500 direct businesses, supporting nearly 40,000 jobs.
Cruise ships pay regular visits to the province.
In 2010, the Port of Halifax received 261,000 passengers and Sydney 69,000.
This industry contributes approximately $1.3 billion annually to the economy.
A 2008 Nova Scotia tourism campaign included advertising a fictional mobile phone called Pomegranate and establishing website, which after reading about "new phone" redirected to tourism info about region.
Nova Scotia's tourism industry showcases Nova Scotia's culture, scenery and coastline.
Nova Scotia has many museums reflecting its ethnic heritage, including the Glooscap Heritage Centre, Grand-Pré National Historic Site, Hector Heritage Quay and the Black Cultural Centre for Nova Scotia.
There are also numerous music and cultural festivals such as the Stan Rogers Folk Festival, Celtic Colours, the Nova Scotia Gaelic Mod, Royal Nova Scotia International Tattoo, the Atlantic Film Festival and the Atlantic Fringe Festival.
Acadian Skies and Mi'kmaq Lands is a starlight reserve in southwestern Nova Scotia.
It is the first certified UNESCO-Starlight Tourist Destination.
Starlight tourist destinations are locations that offer conditions for observations of stars which are protected from light pollution.
Government and politics
Nova Scotia is ordered by a parliamentary government within the construct of constitutional monarchy; the monarchy in Nova Scotia is the foundation of the executive, legislative, and judicial branches.
The sovereign is Queen Elizabeth II, who also serves as head of state of 15 other Commonwealth countries, each of Canada's nine other provinces, and the Canadian federal realm, and resides predominantly in the United Kingdom.
The direct participation of the royal and viceroyal figures in any of these areas of governance is limited, though; in practice, their use of the executive powers is directed by the Executive Council, a committee of ministers of the Crown responsible to the unicameral, elected House of Assembly and chosen and headed by the Premier of Nova Scotia (presently Stephen McNeil), the head of government.
To ensure the stability of government, the lieutenant governor will usually appoint as premier the person who is the current leader of the political party that can obtain the confidence of a plurality in the House of Assembly.
The leader of the party with the second-most seats usually becomes the Leader of Her Majesty's Loyal Opposition (presently Tim Houston) and is part of an adversarial parliamentary system intended to keep the government in check.
General elections must be called by the lieutenant governor on the advice of the premier, or may be triggered by the government losing a confidence vote in the House.
The province's revenue comes mainly from the taxation of personal and corporate income, although taxes on tobacco and alcohol, its stake in the Atlantic Lottery Corporation, and oil and gas royalties are also significant.
In 2006–07, the province passed a budget of $6.9 billion, with a projected $72 million surplus.
Federal equalization payments account for $1.385 billion, or 20.07% of the provincial revenue.
Nova Scotia no longer has any incorporated cities; they were amalgamated into Regional Municipalities in 1996.
One endemic dish (in the sense of "peculiar to" and "originating from") is the Halifax donair, a distant variant of the doner kebab prepared using thinly sliced beef meatloaf and a sweet condensed milk sauce.
As well, hodge podge, a creamy soup of fresh baby vegetables, is native to Nova Scotia.
The province is also known for a dessert called blueberry fungy or blueberry grunt.
Events and festivals
There are a number of festivals and cultural events that are recurring in Nova Scotia, or notable in its history.
The following is an incomplete list of festivals and other cultural gatherings in the province:
Film and television
Nova Scotia has produced numerous film actors.
Academy Award nominee Elliot Page (Juno, Inception) was born in Halifax, Nova Scotia; five-time Academy Award nominee Arthur Kennedy (Lawrence of Arabia, High Sierra) called Nova Scotia his home; and two time Golden Globe winner Donald Sutherland (MASH, Ordinary People) spent most of his youth in the province.
Nova Scotia has also produced numerous film directors such as Thom Fitzgerald (The Hanging Garden), Daniel Petrie (Resurrection—Academy Award nominee) and Acadian film director Phil Comeau's multiple award-winning local story (Le secret de Jérôme).
Nova Scotian stories are the subject of numerous feature films: Margaret's Museum (starring Helena Bonham Carter); The Bay Boy (directed by Daniel Petrie and starring Kiefer Sutherland); New Waterford Girl; The Story of Adele H. (the story of unrequited love of Adèle Hugo); and two films of Evangeline (one starring Miriam Cooper and another starring Dolores del Río).
There is a significant film industry in Nova Scotia.
Feature filmmaking began in Canada with Evangeline (1913), made by Canadian Bioscope Company in Halifax, which released six films before it closed.
The film has since been lost.
Some of the award-winning feature films made in the province are Titanic (starring Leonardo DiCaprio and Kate Winslet); The Shipping News (starring Kevin Spacey and Julianne Moore); K-19: The Widowmaker (starring Harrison Ford and Liam Neeson); Amelia (starring Hilary Swank, Richard Gere and Ewan McGregor) and The Lighthouse (starring Robert Pattinson and William Dafoe).
Nova Scotia has long been a centre for artistic and cultural excellence.
The capital, Halifax, hosts institutions such as Nova Scotia College of Art and Design University, Art Gallery of Nova Scotia, Neptune Theatre, Dalhousie Arts Centre, Two Planks and a Passion Theatre, and the Ship's Company Theatre.
The province is home to avant-garde visual art and traditional crafting, writing and publishing and a film industry.
Much of the historic public art sculptures in the province were made by New York sculptor J. as well as Canadian sculptors Massey RhindHamilton MacCarthy, George Hill, Emanuel Hahn and Louis-Philippe Hébert.
Some of this public art was also created by Nova Scotian John Wilson.
Two valuable sculptures/ monuments in the province are in St. Paul's Church (Halifax): one by John Gibson (for Richard John Uniacke, Jr.) and another monument by Sir Francis Leggatt Chantrey (for Amelia Ann Smyth).
Some of the province's greatest painters were Maud Lewis, William Valentine, Maria Morris, Jack L. Gray, Mabel Killiam Day, Ernest Lawson, Frances Bannerman, Alex Colville, Tom Forrestall and ship portrait artist John O'Brien.
Some of most notable artists whose works have been acquired by Nova Scotia are British artist Joshua Reynolds (collection of Art Gallery of Nova Scotia); William Gush and William J. Weaver (both have works in Province House); Robert Field (Government House), as well as leading American artists Benjamin West (self portrait in The Halifax Club, portrait of chief justice in Nova Scotia Supreme Court), John Singleton Copley, Robert Feke, and Robert Field (the latter three have works in the Uniacke Estate).
There are numerous Nova Scotian authors who have achieved international fame: Thomas Chandler Haliburton (The Clockmaker), Alistair MacLeod (No Great Mischief), Evelyn Richardson (We Keep A Light), Margaret Marshall Saunders (Beautiful Joe), Laurence B. Dakin (Marco Polo), and Joshua Slocum (Sailing Alone Around the World).
Other authors include Johanna Skibsrud (The Sentimentalists), Alden Nowlan (Bread, Wine and Salt), George Elliott Clarke (Execution Poems), Lesley Choyce (Nova Scotia: Shaped by the Sea), Thomas Raddall (Halifax: Warden of the North), Donna Morrissey (Kit's Law), and Frank Parker Day (Rockbound).
Nova Scotia has also been the subject of numerous literary books.
Some of the international best-sellers are: Last Man Out: The Story of the Springhill Mining Disaster (by Melissa Fay Greene) ; Curse of the Narrows: The Halifax Explosion 1917 (by Laura MacDonald); "In the Village" (short story by Pulitzer Prize–winning author Elizabeth Bishop); and National Book Critics Circle Award winner Rough Crossings (by Simon Schama).
Other authors who have written novels about Nova Scotian stories include: Linden MacIntyre (The Bishop's Man); Hugh MacLennan (Barometer Rising); Rebecca McNutt (Mandy and Alecto); Ernest Buckler (The Valley and the Mountain); Archibald MacMechan (Red Snow on Grand Pré), Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (long poem Evangeline); Lawrence Hill (The Book of Negroes) and John Mack Faragher (Great and Nobel Scheme).
Main article: Music of Nova Scotia
The province has produced more than its fair share of famous musicians, including Grammy Award winners Denny Doherty (from The Mamas & the Papas), Anne Murray, and Sarah McLachlan, country singers Hank Snow, George Canyon, and Drake Jensen, jazz vocalist Holly Cole, classical performers Portia White and Barbara Hannigan, multi Juno Award nominated rapper Classified, and such diverse artists as Rita MacNeil, Matt Mays, Sloan, Feist, Todd Fancey, The Rankin Family, Natalie MacMaster, Susan Crowe, Buck 65, Joel Plaskett, and the bands April Wine and Grand Dérangement
There are numerous songs written about Nova Scotia: The Ballad of Springhill (written by Peggy Seeger and performed by Irish folk singer Luke Kelly, a member of The Dubliners); several songs by Stan Rogers including Bluenose, Watching The Apples Grow, The Jeannie C (mentions Little Dover, NS), Barrett's Privateers, Giant, and The Rawdon Hills; Farewell to Nova Scotia (traditional); Blue Nose (Stompin' Tom Connors); She's Called Nova Scotia (by Rita MacNeil); Cape Breton (by David Myles); Acadian Driftwood (by Robbie Robertson); Acadie (by Daniel Lanois); Song For The Mira (by Allister MacGillivray) and My Nova Scotia Home (by Hank Snow).
Nova Scotia has produced many significant songwriters, such as Grammy Award winning Gordie Sampson, who has written songs for Carrie Underwood ("Jesus, Take the Wheel", "Just a Dream", "Get Out of This Town"), Martina McBride ("If I Had Your Name", "You're Not Leavin Me"), LeAnn Rimes ("Long Night", "Save Myself"), and George Canyon ("My Name").
Cape Bretoners Allister MacGillivray and Leon Dubinsky have both written songs which, by being covered by so many popular artists, and by entering the repertoire of so many choirs around the world, have become iconic representations of Nova Scotian style, values and ethos.
Dubinsky's pop ballad "We Rise Again" might be called the unofficial anthem of Cape Breton.
Music producer Brian Ahern is a Nova Scotian.
He got his start by being music director for CBC television's Singalong Jubilee.
Sport is an important part of Nova Scotia culture.
There are numerous semi pro, university and amateur sports teams, for example, The Halifax Mooseheads, 2013 Canadian Hockey League Memorial Cup Champions, and the Cape Breton Screaming Eagles, both of the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League.
The Halifax Hurricanes of the National Basketball League of Canada is another team that calls Nova Scotia home, and were 2016 league champions.
The province has also produced numerous athletes such as Sidney Crosby (ice hockey), Nathan Mackinnon (ice hockey), Brad Marchand (ice hockey), Colleen Jones (curling), Al MacInnis (ice hockey), TJ Grant (mixed martial arts), Rocky Johnson (wrestling, and father of Dwayne "The Rock" Johnson), George Dixon (boxing) and Kirk Johnson (boxing).
The achievements of Nova Scotian athletes are presented at the Nova Scotia Sport Hall of Fame.
The Minister of Education is responsible for the administration and delivery of education, as defined by the Education Act and other acts relating to colleges, universities and private schools.
The powers of the Minister and the Department of Education are defined by the Ministerial regulations and constrained by the Governor-In-Council regulations.
All children until the age of 16 are legally required to attend school or the parent needs to perform home schooling.
Nova Scotia's education system is split up into eight different regions including; Tri-County (22 schools), Annapolis Valley (42 schools), South Shore (25 schools), Chignecto-Central (67 schools), Halifax (135 schools), Strait (20 schools) and Cape Breton-Victoria Regional Centre for Education (39 schools).
Nova Scotia has more than 450 public schools for children.
The public system offers primary to Grade 12.
There are also private schools in the province.
Public education is administered by seven regional school boards, responsible primarily for English instruction and French immersion, and also province-wide by the Conseil Scolaire Acadien Provincial, which administers French instruction to students whose primary language is French.
The Nova Scotia Community College system has 13 campuses around the province.
With a focus on training and education, the college was established in 1988 by amalgamating the province's former vocational schools.
In addition to the provincial community college system, there are more than 90 registered private colleges in Nova Scotia.
Ten universities are also situated in Nova Scotia, including Dalhousie University, University of King's College, Saint Mary's University, Mount Saint Vincent University, NSCAD University, Acadia University, Université Sainte-Anne, Saint Francis Xavier University, Cape Breton University and the Atlantic School of Theology.
- Outline of Nova Scotia
- Index of Nova Scotia–related articles
- Acadiensis, scholarly history journal covering Atlantic Canada
- Bibliography of Nova Scotia
Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nova Scotia.