Oak leaf cluster

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This article is about the ribbon device representing an award. Oak leaf cluster_sentence_0

For the rank insignia, see Major (United States) and Lieutenant colonel (United States). Oak leaf cluster_sentence_1

Oak leaf cluster_table_infobox_0

Oak leaf clusterOak leaf cluster_header_cell_0_0_0
TypeOak leaf cluster_header_cell_0_1_0 Ribbon deviceOak leaf cluster_cell_0_1_1
Awarded forOak leaf cluster_header_cell_0_2_0 To denote subsequent decorations and awards.Oak leaf cluster_cell_0_2_1
Presented byOak leaf cluster_header_cell_0_3_0 the

Department of Defense Department of the Army Department of the Air ForceOak leaf cluster_cell_0_3_1

StatusOak leaf cluster_header_cell_0_4_0 Currently in useOak leaf cluster_cell_0_4_1

An oak leaf cluster is a ribbon device to denote subsequent decorations and awards consisting of a miniature bronze or silver twig of four oak leaves with three acorns on the stem that is authorized by the United States Armed Forces as for a specific set of decorations and awards of the Department of Defense, Department of the Army, and Department of the Air Force . Oak leaf cluster_sentence_2

The bronze oak leaf cluster represents one additional award, while the silver oak leaf cluster is worn in lieu of five bronze oak leaf clusters. Oak leaf cluster_sentence_3

Criteria and wear Oak leaf cluster_section_0

Oak leaf clusters are worn with the stems of the leaves pointing to the wearer’s right. Oak leaf cluster_sentence_4

For medals, ⁄32-inch (10 mm) oak leaf clusters are worn on the medal's suspension ribbon. Oak leaf cluster_sentence_5

If four oak leaf clusters are worn on the suspension ribbon, the fourth is placed above the middle one in the row of three. Oak leaf cluster_sentence_6

For service ribbons, ⁄16-inch (7.9 mm) oak leaf clusters are worn, with no more than four oak leaf clusters being worn side by side. Oak leaf cluster_sentence_7

If the number of authorized oak leaf clusters exceeds four, a second ribbon is authorized for wear and is worn after the first ribbon. Oak leaf cluster_sentence_8

The second ribbon counts as one additional award, after which more leaf clusters may be added to the second ribbon. Oak leaf cluster_sentence_9

If future awards reduce the number of oak leaf clusters worn on the first ribbon due to bronze oak leaf clusters being replaced by a silver oak leaf cluster, the second ribbon is removed and the appropriate number of devices is placed on the first ribbon. Oak leaf cluster_sentence_10

Examples Oak leaf cluster_section_1

The following are examples of the first through twenty-first awards of an Army Commendation Medal with the bronze and silver oak leaf clusters: Oak leaf cluster_sentence_11

Oak leaf cluster_table_general_1

First awardOak leaf cluster_cell_1_0_0 Oak leaf cluster_cell_1_0_1
Second awardOak leaf cluster_cell_1_1_0 Oak leaf cluster_cell_1_1_1
Third awardOak leaf cluster_cell_1_2_0 Oak leaf cluster_cell_1_2_1
Fourth awardOak leaf cluster_cell_1_3_0 Oak leaf cluster_cell_1_3_1
Fifth awardOak leaf cluster_cell_1_4_0 Oak leaf cluster_cell_1_4_1
Sixth awardOak leaf cluster_cell_1_5_0 Oak leaf cluster_cell_1_5_1
Seventh awardOak leaf cluster_cell_1_6_0 Oak leaf cluster_cell_1_6_1
Eighth awardOak leaf cluster_cell_1_7_0 Oak leaf cluster_cell_1_7_1
Ninth awardOak leaf cluster_cell_1_8_0 Oak leaf cluster_cell_1_8_1
Tenth awardOak leaf cluster_cell_1_9_0 Oak leaf cluster_cell_1_9_1
Eleventh awardOak leaf cluster_cell_1_10_0 Oak leaf cluster_cell_1_10_1
Twelfth awardOak leaf cluster_cell_1_11_0 Oak leaf cluster_cell_1_11_1
Thirteenth awardOak leaf cluster_cell_1_12_0 Oak leaf cluster_cell_1_12_1
Fourteenth awardOak leaf cluster_cell_1_13_0 Oak leaf cluster_cell_1_13_1
Fifteenth awardOak leaf cluster_cell_1_14_0 Oak leaf cluster_cell_1_14_1
Sixteenth awardOak leaf cluster_cell_1_15_0 Oak leaf cluster_cell_1_15_1
Seventeenth awardOak leaf cluster_cell_1_16_0 Oak leaf cluster_cell_1_16_1
Eighteenth awardOak leaf cluster_cell_1_17_0 Oak leaf cluster_cell_1_17_1
Nineteenth awardOak leaf cluster_cell_1_18_0 Oak leaf cluster_cell_1_18_1
Twentieth awardOak leaf cluster_cell_1_19_0 Oak leaf cluster_cell_1_19_1
Twenty-first awardOak leaf cluster_cell_1_20_0 Oak leaf cluster_cell_1_20_1

Decorations and awards Oak leaf cluster_section_2

Oak leaf clusters may be worn on Department of Defense, Department of the Army, and Department of the Air Force decorations and awards presented to members of the eight uniformed services: the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force, Coast Guard, Public Health Service, and the NOAA Commissioned Corps. Oak leaf cluster_sentence_12

Oak leaf cluster_table_general_2

Army personnelOak leaf cluster_header_cell_2_0_0 Air Force personnelOak leaf cluster_header_cell_2_0_1 Navy, Marines, Coast Guard, PHS, and NOAA personnelOak leaf cluster_header_cell_2_0_2
Distinguished Service Cross and Air Force CrossOak leaf cluster_cell_2_1_0 Distinguished Service Cross and Air Force CrossOak leaf cluster_cell_2_1_1 Distinguished Service Cross and Air Force CrossOak leaf cluster_cell_2_1_2
Defense Distinguished Service MedalOak leaf cluster_cell_2_2_0 Defense Distinguished Service MedalOak leaf cluster_cell_2_2_1 Defense Distinguished Service MedalOak leaf cluster_cell_2_2_2
Distinguished Service Medal and Air Force Distinguished Service MedalOak leaf cluster_cell_2_3_0 Distinguished Service Medal and Air Force Distinguished Service MedalOak leaf cluster_cell_2_3_1 Distinguished Service Medal and Air Force Distinguished Service MedalOak leaf cluster_cell_2_3_2
Silver StarOak leaf cluster_cell_2_4_0 Silver StarOak leaf cluster_cell_2_4_1 Oak leaf cluster_cell_2_4_2
Defense Superior Service MedalOak leaf cluster_cell_2_5_0 Defense Superior Service MedalOak leaf cluster_cell_2_5_1 Defense Superior Service MedalOak leaf cluster_cell_2_5_2
Legion of MeritOak leaf cluster_cell_2_6_0 Legion of MeritOak leaf cluster_cell_2_6_1 Oak leaf cluster_cell_2_6_2
Distinguished Flying CrossOak leaf cluster_cell_2_7_0 Distinguished Flying CrossOak leaf cluster_cell_2_7_1 Oak leaf cluster_cell_2_7_2
Soldier's Medal and Airman's MedalOak leaf cluster_cell_2_8_0 Soldier's Medal and Airman's MedalOak leaf cluster_cell_2_8_1 Soldier's Medal and Airman's MedalOak leaf cluster_cell_2_8_2
Bronze Star MedalOak leaf cluster_cell_2_9_0 Bronze Star MedalOak leaf cluster_cell_2_9_1 Oak leaf cluster_cell_2_9_2
Purple HeartOak leaf cluster_cell_2_10_0 Purple HeartOak leaf cluster_cell_2_10_1 Oak leaf cluster_cell_2_10_2
Defense Meritorious Service MedalOak leaf cluster_cell_2_11_0 Defense Meritorious Service MedalOak leaf cluster_cell_2_11_1 Defense Meritorious Service MedalOak leaf cluster_cell_2_11_2
Meritorious Service MedalOak leaf cluster_cell_2_12_0 Meritorious Service MedalOak leaf cluster_cell_2_12_1 Oak leaf cluster_cell_2_12_2
Oak leaf cluster_cell_2_13_0 Air MedalOak leaf cluster_cell_2_13_1 Oak leaf cluster_cell_2_13_2
Oak leaf cluster_cell_2_14_0 Aerial Achievement MedalOak leaf cluster_cell_2_14_1 Oak leaf cluster_cell_2_14_2
Joint Service Commendation MedalOak leaf cluster_cell_2_15_0 Joint Service Commendation MedalOak leaf cluster_cell_2_15_1 Joint Service Commendation MedalOak leaf cluster_cell_2_15_2
Army and Air Force Commendation MedalOak leaf cluster_cell_2_16_0 Army and Air Force Commendation MedalOak leaf cluster_cell_2_16_1 Army and Air Force Commendation MedalOak leaf cluster_cell_2_16_2
Joint Service Achievement MedalOak leaf cluster_cell_2_17_0 Joint Service Achievement MedalOak leaf cluster_cell_2_17_1 Joint Service Achievement MedalOak leaf cluster_cell_2_17_2
Army and Air Force Achievement MedalOak leaf cluster_cell_2_18_0 Army and Air Force Achievement MedalOak leaf cluster_cell_2_18_1 Army and Air Force Achievement MedalOak leaf cluster_cell_2_18_2
Army Reserve Components Achievement MedalOak leaf cluster_cell_2_19_0 Combat Readiness MedalOak leaf cluster_cell_2_19_1 Oak leaf cluster_cell_2_19_2
Oak leaf cluster_cell_2_20_0 Air Force Good Conduct MedalOak leaf cluster_cell_2_20_1 Oak leaf cluster_cell_2_20_2
Oak leaf cluster_cell_2_21_0 Air Force Longevity Service AwardOak leaf cluster_cell_2_21_1 Oak leaf cluster_cell_2_21_2
Presidential Unit CitationOak leaf cluster_cell_2_22_0 Overseas Service Ribbon (long and short tours)Oak leaf cluster_cell_2_22_1 Oak leaf cluster_cell_2_22_2
Joint Meritorious Unit AwardOak leaf cluster_cell_2_23_0 Presidential Unit CitationOak leaf cluster_cell_2_23_1 Joint Meritorious Unit AwardOak leaf cluster_cell_2_23_2
Valorous Unit AwardOak leaf cluster_cell_2_24_0 Joint Meritorious Unit AwardOak leaf cluster_cell_2_24_1 Oak leaf cluster_cell_2_24_2
Meritorious Unit CommendationOak leaf cluster_cell_2_25_0 Gallant Unit CitationOak leaf cluster_cell_2_25_1 Oak leaf cluster_cell_2_25_2
Superior Unit AwardOak leaf cluster_cell_2_26_0 Meritorious Unit AwardOak leaf cluster_cell_2_26_1 Oak leaf cluster_cell_2_26_2
Oak leaf cluster_cell_2_27_0 Outstanding Unit AwardOak leaf cluster_cell_2_27_1 Oak leaf cluster_cell_2_27_2
Oak leaf cluster_cell_2_28_0 Organizational Excellence AwardOak leaf cluster_cell_2_28_1 Oak leaf cluster_cell_2_28_2
Oak leaf cluster_cell_2_29_0 Air Force NCO PME Graduate RibbonOak leaf cluster_cell_2_29_1 Oak leaf cluster_cell_2_29_2
Oak leaf cluster_cell_2_30_0 Air Force Training RibbonOak leaf cluster_cell_2_30_1 Oak leaf cluster_cell_2_30_2

Except for the Air Medal, unique decorations and awards issued by Department of the Army or Department of the Air Force, and those decorations and awards issued by the Department of Defense, the other uniformed services use ​⁄16 inch stars to indicate subsequent personal decorations only; a gold ​⁄16 inch star is equivalent to a bronze oak leaf cluster, while a silver ​⁄16 inch star is equivalent to a silver oak leaf cluster. Oak leaf cluster_sentence_13

While the Air Force uses oak leaf clusters for the Air Medal, since the Vietnam War, the Army has used ⁄16-inch (4.8 mm) bronze Arabic numerals to denote subsequent awards, in which case the ribbon denotes the first award and numerals starting with the numeral "2" denote additional awards. Oak leaf cluster_sentence_14

Other nations Oak leaf cluster_section_3

In other nations, oak leaf clusters are also used as symbols for various awards and decorations. Oak leaf cluster_sentence_15

In Germany, the German oak is the national tree of Germany, thus oak leaves are a prominent symbol on most German military orders. Oak leaf cluster_sentence_16

During World War II, the Knight's Cross of the German Iron Cross could be awarded with the additional distinction of oak leaves (mit Eichenlaub). Oak leaf cluster_sentence_17

Of the 7,313 awards of the Knight's Cross, only 882 received oak leaves. Oak leaf cluster_sentence_18

After World War II, Iron Crosses awarded previously could be worn by the recipient provided the swastika was replaced by oak leaves. Oak leaf cluster_sentence_19

The Bundeswehr awards the Cross of Honour for Bravery for extraordinary bravery. Oak leaf cluster_sentence_20

The Cross of Honour for Bravery differs from the Badge of Honour by an adornment in the shape of stylized double oak leaves. Oak leaf cluster_sentence_21

Furthermore, it was featured on the Pfennig in Germany and since the introduction of the euro in 2001 it is used on the obverse side of the German euro coinage. Oak leaf cluster_sentence_22

In earlier times, the Pour le Mérite, the highest military order in the Kingdom of Prussia, could also be awarded with oak leaves. Oak leaf cluster_sentence_23

A civil version of the order, for accomplishments in the arts and sciences, still exists in the Federal Republic of Germany. Oak leaf cluster_sentence_24

In Commonwealth countries, a bronze oak leaf signifies a Mention in Despatches, and is worn as a gallantry award in its own right, rather than to signify multiple instances of campaign service. Oak leaf cluster_sentence_25

The Commonwealth equivalent of a United States oak leaf cluster is a medal bar worn with a campaign medal. Oak leaf cluster_sentence_26

See also Oak leaf cluster_section_4

Oak leaf cluster_unordered_list_0


Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oak leaf cluster.