Ocaña, Norte de Santander

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For other uses, see Ocaña (disambiguation). Ocaña, Norte de Santander_sentence_0

Ocaña, Norte de Santander_table_infobox_0

OcañaOcaña, Norte de Santander_header_cell_0_0_0
CountryOcaña, Norte de Santander_header_cell_0_1_0 ColombiaOcaña, Norte de Santander_cell_0_1_1
DepartmentOcaña, Norte de Santander_header_cell_0_2_0 Norte de Santander DepartmentOcaña, Norte de Santander_cell_0_2_1
FoundedOcaña, Norte de Santander_header_cell_0_3_0 1570Ocaña, Norte de Santander_cell_0_3_1
IncorporatedOcaña, Norte de Santander_header_cell_0_4_0 1857Ocaña, Norte de Santander_cell_0_4_1
GovernmentOcaña, Norte de Santander_header_cell_0_5_0
MayorOcaña, Norte de Santander_header_cell_0_6_0 Samir CasadiegoOcaña, Norte de Santander_cell_0_6_1
AreaOcaña, Norte de Santander_header_cell_0_7_0
TotalOcaña, Norte de Santander_header_cell_0_8_0 672.27 km (259.56 sq mi)Ocaña, Norte de Santander_cell_0_8_1
ElevationOcaña, Norte de Santander_header_cell_0_9_0 1,202 m (3,944 ft)Ocaña, Norte de Santander_cell_0_9_1
Population (2019 est.)Ocaña, Norte de Santander_header_cell_0_10_0
TotalOcaña, Norte de Santander_header_cell_0_11_0 101,158Ocaña, Norte de Santander_cell_0_11_1
Demonym(s)Ocaña, Norte de Santander_header_cell_0_12_0 OcañeroOcaña, Norte de Santander_cell_0_12_1
Time zoneOcaña, Norte de Santander_header_cell_0_13_0 UTC-5 (Colombia Standard Time)Ocaña, Norte de Santander_cell_0_13_1
Area code(s)Ocaña, Norte de Santander_header_cell_0_14_0 57 + 7Ocaña, Norte de Santander_cell_0_14_1
WebsiteOcaña, Norte de Santander_header_cell_0_15_0 (in Spanish)Ocaña, Norte de Santander_cell_0_15_1

Ocaña is a town and municipality in the Colombian Department of Norte de Santander. Ocaña, Norte de Santander_sentence_1

Ocaña is the second largest populated center of this department. Ocaña, Norte de Santander_sentence_2

It played an important role during the Independence of Colombia from the Spanish monarchy. Ocaña, Norte de Santander_sentence_3

History Ocaña, Norte de Santander_section_0

The city was founded on 14 December of 1570 by Captain Francisco Fernández de Contreras, as part of the third populating project of the east, patronised by the Audiencia y Cabildo de Pamplona. Ocaña, Norte de Santander_sentence_4

The objective of the foundation was the opening of a route which would connect the urban centre Pamplona with the Caribbean Sea and the centre of the new kingdom. Ocaña, Norte de Santander_sentence_5

Given the geographic location of the settlement, the Audiencia de Santafé, presided over by Andrés Díaz Venero de Leiva, decided that the new town would fall under the jurisdiction of the province of Santa Maria, the governor of which was, at the time, Don Pedro Fernández del Busto. Ocaña, Norte de Santander_sentence_6

The name Ocaña was given to the new town to honour Fernández del Busto, who was born in Ocaña, Spain. Ocaña, Norte de Santander_sentence_7

The native peoples in the region were those traditionally called Hacaritamas and those called Cultura Mosquito (Mosquito Culture) or Bajomagdalenense. Ocaña, Norte de Santander_sentence_8

In 1828, Ocaña was the site of the inconclusive Convention of Ocaña led by Vice-President Santander where delegates attempted to reform Gran Colombia's written constitution. Ocaña, Norte de Santander_sentence_9

Geography and climate Ocaña, Norte de Santander_section_1

Ocaña, Norte de Santander_ordered_list_0

  1. Location: . The city of Ocaña is 610 km from Bogotá.Ocaña, Norte de Santander_item_0_0
  2. Surface: 460 km, 2.2% of the North Santander Department total areaOcaña, Norte de Santander_item_0_1
  3. Height: 1,202 meters on the level of the sea Ocaña are on the Andean Eastern mountain range. The 2,600 mountains surround that reach msnm. Its average temperature is 22 °C.Ocaña, Norte de Santander_item_0_2

Economy Ocaña, Norte de Santander_section_2

The main economic activities are agriculture, the livestock raising, commerce, small industries and mining, with silver operation, copper and iron. Ocaña, Norte de Santander_sentence_10

The city is served by the Aguas Claras airport. Ocaña, Norte de Santander_sentence_11

See also Ocaña, Norte de Santander_section_3

Ocaña, Norte de Santander_unordered_list_1

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ocaña, Norte de Santander.