Orestes López

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Orestes López_table_infobox_0

Orestes LópezOrestes López_header_cell_0_0_0
Birth nameOrestes López_header_cell_0_1_0 Orestes López ValdésOrestes López_cell_0_1_1
Also known asOrestes López_header_cell_0_2_0 MachoOrestes López_cell_0_2_1
BornOrestes López_header_cell_0_3_0 (1908-08-28)August 28, 1908

Old Havana, Havana, CubaOrestes López_cell_0_3_1

DiedOrestes López_header_cell_0_4_0 January 26, 1991(1991-01-26) (aged 82)

Old Havana, Havana, CubaOrestes López_cell_0_4_1

GenresOrestes López_header_cell_0_5_0 Danzón, mambo, classical musicOrestes López_cell_0_5_1
Occupation(s)Orestes López_header_cell_0_6_0 Musician, bandleader, composer, arrangerOrestes López_cell_0_6_1
InstrumentsOrestes López_header_cell_0_7_0 Piano, cello, double bassOrestes López_cell_0_7_1
LabelsOrestes López_header_cell_0_8_0 Panart, Gema, MaypeOrestes López_cell_0_8_1
Associated actsOrestes López_header_cell_0_9_0 Cachao, Abelardo Barroso, Arcaño y sus Maravillas, Havana Philharmonic Orchestra, National Symphony Orchestra of CubaOrestes López_cell_0_9_1

Orestes López Valdés (August 28, 1908 – January 26, 1991), nicknamed Macho, was a Cuban multi-instrumentalist, composer and bandleader. Orestes López_sentence_0

As a double bassist he was a founding member of the Havana Philharmonic Orchestra, and later a member of the National Symphony Orchestra of Cuba. Orestes López_sentence_1

A long-time member of the charanga Arcaño y sus Maravillas, where he played cello and piano, he is considered the co-creator of the mambo, together with his brother Israel "Cachao" López, and one of the most prolific danzón composers of the 20th century. Orestes López_sentence_2

Biography Orestes López_section_0

Early life and career Orestes López_section_1

Orestes López was born in Old Havana on August 28, 1908, into a family of musicians. Orestes López_sentence_3

As a pre-teenager he studied piano, cello, violin and the five-key ebony flute. Orestes López_sentence_4

In 1924, at age 15, he became double bassist for the newly-founded Havana Philharmonic Orchestra directed by Pedro Sanjuán. Orestes López_sentence_5

A few years later, he was playing bass for Miguel "El Moro" Vázquez's charanga. Orestes López_sentence_6

According to his brother Cachao, in 1926 he was a member of Grupo Apolo, the first septeto to include a trumpet. Orestes López_sentence_7

Arcaño y sus Maravillas Orestes López_section_2

In the 1930s he was the musical director of three dance orchestras: López-Barroso, Orquesta de Orestes López and La Unión, before joining Antonio Arcaño y sus Maravillas in 1937 as a founding member. Orestes López_sentence_8

López, a multi-instrumentalist, composed and orchestrated danzones, most notably "Camina Juan Pescao", "El truco de Regatillo", "Los tres bailadores" and "Mambo", which launched a new style of danzón, the so-called danzón-mambo. Orestes López_sentence_9

Subsequently, the syncopated bass in the tune gave rise on the one hand to the dance genre known as mambo popularized by Pérez Prado, and on the other hand to the cha-cha-chá, created by Enrique Jorrín. Orestes López_sentence_10

In the late 1930s, the danzón had three movements: the introduction, el paseo (the walk in a circle), and la comparsa (the main theme, in which dancers faced each other and danced). Orestes López_sentence_11

López's danzón-mambo, also called danzón de nuevo ritmo, changed the third movement when he substituted a montuno (based on the syncopated beat of the son-playing treseros from Oriente). Orestes López_sentence_12

López's montuno of two to four beats took on a special syncopated character and was given the generic name of mambo. Orestes López_sentence_13

Although the Maravillas disbanded in 1958, López remained active in the popular music scene, playing piano in several of Cachao's descarga albums recorded between 1957 and 1960, including the successful Cuban Jam Sessions in Miniature. Orestes López_sentence_14

Later years and death Orestes López_section_3

His younger brother Cachao emigrated to Spain in 1961 and then to the USA in 1963, and achieved considerable success, but Orestes remained in Cuba. Orestes López_sentence_15

He died in Havana on January 26, 1991. Orestes López_sentence_16

In 2000, Orestes was posthumously inducted into the International Latin Music Hall of Fame, joining his brother, who had been inducted a year earlier. Orestes López_sentence_17

Orestes was survived by his son, Orlando "Cachaíto" López (1933–2009) who was also a double bassist. Orestes López_sentence_18

He gained fame as the ever-present performer for the Buena Vista Social Club. Orestes López_sentence_19

López was posthumously inducted into the Orestes López_sentence_20

Compositions Orestes López_section_4

Many of his compositions were named after the clubs were Arcaño y sus Maravillas would play their daily shows. Orestes López_sentence_21

He and his brother would continuously compose new tunes for every concert. Orestes López_sentence_22

See also Orestes López_section_5

Orestes López_unordered_list_0

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orestes López.