Oricon

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Oricon_table_infobox_0

Oricon Inc. 株式会社オリコンOricon_table_caption_0
TypeOricon_header_cell_0_0_0 Holding company, owner of Oricon Entertainment Inc.Oricon_cell_0_0_1
Traded asOricon_header_cell_0_1_0 JASDAQ:Oricon_cell_0_1_1
IndustryOricon_header_cell_0_2_0 Broadcast of music entertainment (from Japan, North America and Europe)Oricon_cell_0_2_1
FoundedOricon_header_cell_0_3_0 November 1967 (as Original Confidence)

October 1, 1999 (as Oricon Direct Digital) June 2001 (as Oricon Global Entertainment) July 2002Oricon_cell_0_3_1

HeadquartersOricon_header_cell_0_4_0 Roppongi, Minato, Tokyo, JapanOricon_cell_0_4_1
Key peopleOricon_header_cell_0_5_0 Soko Koike: CEOOricon_cell_0_5_1
OwnerOricon_header_cell_0_6_0 see List of Oricon's shareholdersOricon_cell_0_6_1
Number of employeesOricon_header_cell_0_7_0 198 (full-time workers, as of September 30, 2016)Oricon_cell_0_7_1
ParentOricon_header_cell_0_8_0 Oricon Entertainment Inc. (October 1999 – June 2001)Oricon_cell_0_8_1
SubsidiariesOricon_header_cell_0_9_0 Oricon Entertainment Inc. (June 2001 – present)Oricon_cell_0_9_1
WebsiteOricon_header_cell_0_10_0 Oricon_cell_0_10_1

Oricon Inc. (株式会社オリコン, Kabushiki-gaisha Orikon), established in 1999, is the holding company at the head of a Japanese corporate group that supplies statistics and information on music and the music industry in Japan and Western music. Oricon_sentence_0

It started as Original Confidence Inc. (株式会社オリジナルコンフィデンス, Kabushiki-gaisha Orijinaru Konfidensu), which was founded by Sōkō Koike in November 1967 and became known for its music charts. Oricon_sentence_1

Oricon Inc. was originally set up as a subsidiary of Original Confidence and took over the latter’s Oricon record charts in April 2002. Oricon_sentence_2

The charts are compiled from data drawn from some 39,700 retail outlets (as of April 2011) and provide sales rankings of music CDs, DVDs, electronic games, and other entertainment products based on weekly tabulations. Oricon_sentence_3

Results are announced every Tuesday and published in Oricon Style by subsidiary Oricon Entertainment Inc. Oricon_sentence_4

The group also lists panel survey-based popularity ratings for television commercials on its official website. Oricon_sentence_5

Oricon published Combined Chart, which includes CD sales, digital sales, and streaming together, on December 19, 2018. Oricon_sentence_6

History Oricon_section_0

Original Confidence Inc., the original Oricon company, was founded by the former Snow Brand Milk Products promoter Sōkō Koike in 1967. Oricon_sentence_7

That November, the company began publishing a singles chart on an experimental basis. Oricon_sentence_8

Entitled Sōgō Geinō Shijō Chōsa (総合芸能市場調査, surveys of total entertainment markets), this went official on January 4, 1968. Oricon_sentence_9

Like the preceding Japanese music charts provided by Tokushin Music Report which was started in 1962, early Original Confidence was an exclusive information magazine only for the people who worked in the music industry. Oricon_sentence_10

However, in the 1970s, Koike willingly advertised his company's charts to make its existence prevail among the Japanese public. Oricon_sentence_11

Thanks to his intensive promotional efforts through multiple media including television programs, the hit parade became known by its abbreviation "Oricon" by the late 1970s. Oricon_sentence_12

The company shortened its name to Oricon in 1992 and was split into a holding company and several subsidiaries in 1999. Oricon_sentence_13

Since Sōkō Koike's death, Oricon has been managed by the founder's relatives. Oricon_sentence_14

Policy Oricon_section_1

Oricon monitors and reports on sales of CDs, DVDs, video games, and entertainment content in several other formats; manga and book sales were also formerly covered. Oricon_sentence_15

Charts are published every Tuesday in Oricon Style and on Oricon’s official website. Oricon_sentence_16

Every Monday, Oricon receives data from outlets, but data on merchandise sold through certain channels does not make it into the charts. Oricon_sentence_17

For example, the debut single of NEWS, a pop group, was released only through 7-Eleven stores, which are not covered by Oricon, and its sales were not reflected in the Oricon charts. Oricon_sentence_18

Oricon’s rankings of record sales are therefore not completely accurate. Oricon_sentence_19

Before data was collected electronically, the charts were compiled on the basis of faxes that were sent from record shops. Oricon_sentence_20

Controversy Oricon_section_2

In 2006, Oricon sued journalist Hiro Ugaya when he was quoted in a Saizo (or Cyso) magazine article as suggesting that Oricon was manipulating its statistics to benefit certain management companies and labels, specifically Johnny and Associates. Oricon_sentence_21

Ugaya condemned the lawsuit as an example of a strategic lawsuit against public participation (SLAPP) in Japan. Oricon_sentence_22

The lawsuit, filed by Oricon on November 17, 2006, accused Ugaya of “mendacious comments” and demanded 50 million yen (318,000 euros) in damages. Oricon_sentence_23

In the interview, Ugaya questioned the validity of Oricon’s hit chart on the grounds that its statistical methods were not transparent. Oricon_sentence_24

Many NGOs, including Reporters Without Borders, denounced the lawsuit as a violation of free expression. Oricon_sentence_25

A Tokyo District Court initially ordered Ugaya to pay 1 million yen (7,400 euros) in damages, but Ugaya appealed to the Tokyo high court. Oricon_sentence_26

Oricon later dropped the charges, after a 33-month battle. Oricon_sentence_27

No criminal charge was laid against the journalist. Oricon_sentence_28

Dropping a lawsuit is rare in Japan; for example, only 0.1% of cases that ended in 2007 being done by the plaintiff ceasing the case. Oricon_sentence_29

Shareholders Oricon_section_3

(as of March 31, 2012) Oricon_sentence_30

Oricon_unordered_list_0

  • LitruPond LLC – 29.34%Oricon_item_0_0
  • Yoshiaki Yoshida (DHC Corp. president) – 8.94%Oricon_item_0_1
  • Hikari Tsushin, Inc. – 4.94%Oricon_item_0_2
  • Ko Koike (CEO) – 2.75%Oricon_item_0_3
  • Lawson, Inc. – 1.98%Oricon_item_0_4
  • Hidekō Koike – 1.89%Oricon_item_0_5
  • Naoko Koike – 1.87%Oricon_item_0_6
  • DHC Corp. – 1.59%Oricon_item_0_7
  • Yumi Koike – 1.55%Oricon_item_0_8

Charts Oricon_section_4

Current charts Oricon_section_5

Oricon_unordered_list_1

  • Singles Chart (January 4, 1968 – present)Oricon_item_1_9
  • Albums Chart (October 5, 1987 – present)Oricon_item_1_10
  • Karaoke Chart (December 26, 1994 – present)Oricon_item_1_11
  • DVD Chart (April 5, 1999 – present)Oricon_item_1_12
  • Book Chart (April 7, 2008 – present)Oricon_item_1_13
  • Comic Chart (February 6, 1995 – March 26, 2001; April 7, 2008 – present)Oricon_item_1_14
  • Bunkobon Chart (April 7, 2008 – present)Oricon_item_1_15
  • Blu-ray Disc Chart (September 7, 2008 – present)Oricon_item_1_16
  • Music DVD & Blu-ray Disc Chart (October 14, 2013 – present)Oricon_item_1_17
  • Long Hit Album Catalogue Chart (April 2, 2001 – present)Oricon_item_1_18
  • Digital Albums Chart (November 14, 2016 – present)Oricon_item_1_19
  • Digital Singles Chart (December 25, 2017 – present)Oricon_item_1_20
  • Streaming Chart (December 24, 2018 – present)Oricon_item_1_21
  • Combined Albums Chart (December 24, 2018 – present)Oricon_item_1_22
  • Combined Singles Chart (December 24, 2018 – present)Oricon_item_1_23

Past charts Oricon_section_6

Oricon_unordered_list_2

  • LP Chart (January 5, 1970 – November 27, 1989)Oricon_item_2_24
  • CT Chart (December 2, 1974 – April 24, 1978)Oricon_item_2_25
  • Cartridges Chart (December 2, 1974 – April 24, 1978)Oricon_item_2_26
  • CD Chart (February 6, 1984 – April 21, 1997)Oricon_item_2_27
  • LD Chart (February 6, 1984 – January 31, 2000)Oricon_item_2_28
  • Sell-Video Chart (February 6, 1984 – May 30, 2005)Oricon_item_2_29
  • VHD Chart (February 6, 1984 – November 27, 1989)Oricon_item_2_30
  • MD Chart (1994)Oricon_item_2_31
  • Game Software Chart (February 20, 1995 – November 28, 2005)Oricon_item_2_32
  • All-Genre Formats Ranking (May 24, 1984 – April 2, 2001)Oricon_item_2_33
  • New Media Chart (January 2004 – 2005)Oricon_item_2_34
  • Tracks Chart (September 6, 2004 – August 31, 2008)Oricon_item_2_35

Artists' total sales revenue by year Oricon_section_7

Oricon_table_general_1

YearOricon_header_cell_1_0_0 ArtistOricon_header_cell_1_0_1
1974Oricon_cell_1_1_0 Yōsui InoueOricon_cell_1_1_1
1975Oricon_cell_1_2_0
1976Oricon_cell_1_3_0 Yumi AraiOricon_cell_1_3_1
1977Oricon_cell_1_4_0 Pink LadyOricon_cell_1_4_1
1978Oricon_cell_1_5_0
1979Oricon_cell_1_6_0 AliceOricon_cell_1_6_1
1980Oricon_cell_1_7_0 Yellow Magic OrchestraOricon_cell_1_7_1
1981Oricon_cell_1_8_0 Akira TeraoOricon_cell_1_8_1
1982Oricon_cell_1_9_0 Off CourseOricon_cell_1_9_1
1983Oricon_cell_1_10_0 Akina NakamoriOricon_cell_1_10_1
1984Oricon_cell_1_11_0 Seiko MatsudaOricon_cell_1_11_1
1985Oricon_cell_1_12_0 Akina NakamoriOricon_cell_1_12_1
1986Oricon_cell_1_13_0
1987Oricon_cell_1_14_0
1988Oricon_cell_1_15_0 Hikaru GenjiOricon_cell_1_15_1
1989Oricon_cell_1_16_0 Yumi MatsutoyaOricon_cell_1_16_1
1990Oricon_cell_1_17_0 Southern All StarsOricon_cell_1_17_1
1991Oricon_cell_1_18_0 B'zOricon_cell_1_18_1
1992Oricon_cell_1_19_0 CHAGE and ASKAOricon_cell_1_19_1
1993Oricon_cell_1_20_0 ZARDOricon_cell_1_20_1
1994Oricon_cell_1_21_0 TRFOricon_cell_1_21_1
1995Oricon_cell_1_22_0
1996Oricon_cell_1_23_0 Namie AmuroOricon_cell_1_23_1
1997Oricon_cell_1_24_0 GLAYOricon_cell_1_24_1
1998Oricon_cell_1_25_0 B'zOricon_cell_1_25_1
1999Oricon_cell_1_26_0 Hikaru UtadaOricon_cell_1_26_1
2000Oricon_cell_1_27_0 Ayumi HamasakiOricon_cell_1_27_1
2001Oricon_cell_1_28_0
2002Oricon_cell_1_29_0 Hikaru UtadaOricon_cell_1_29_1
2003Oricon_cell_1_30_0 Ayumi HamasakiOricon_cell_1_30_1
2004Oricon_cell_1_31_0 Hikaru UtadaOricon_cell_1_31_1
2005Oricon_cell_1_32_0 ORANGE RANGEOricon_cell_1_32_1
2006Oricon_cell_1_33_0 Kumi KodaOricon_cell_1_33_1
2007Oricon_cell_1_34_0
2008Oricon_cell_1_35_0 EXILEOricon_cell_1_35_1
2009Oricon_cell_1_36_0 ArashiOricon_cell_1_36_1
2010Oricon_cell_1_37_0
2011Oricon_cell_1_38_0 AKB48Oricon_cell_1_38_1
2012Oricon_cell_1_39_0
2013Oricon_cell_1_40_0 ArashiOricon_cell_1_40_1
2014Oricon_cell_1_41_0
2015Oricon_cell_1_42_0
2016Oricon_cell_1_43_0
2017Oricon_cell_1_44_0
2018Oricon_cell_1_45_0 Namie AmuroOricon_cell_1_45_1
2019Oricon_cell_1_46_0 ArashiOricon_cell_1_46_1

See also Oricon_section_8

Oricon_unordered_list_3


Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oricon.